Leon Hess

Leon Hess (March 14, 1914 – May 7, 1999, aged 85) was the founder of the Hess Corporation and the owner of the New York Jets.

Leon Hess
Leon Hess in 1999
Leon Hess in 1989
Leon Hess

March 14, 1914
DiedMay 7, 1999 (aged 85)
NationalityUnited States
OccupationFounder of the Hess Corporation
Owner of the New York Jets
Spouse(s)Norma Wilentz
ChildrenMarlene Hess Zirin
Constance H. Williams
John B. Hess

Early life

Hess was born on March 14, 1914,[1] to a Jewish family[2] in Asbury Park, New Jersey. His parents were Ethel and Mores Hess, who was a kosher butcher who emigrated from Lithuania[1] and – after arriving in the United States – worked as an oil delivery man in Asbury Park, New Jersey.[1][3] Hess worked as a driver for his father's company and – after it went bankrupt in 1933 during the Great Depression – he reorganized the company.[1] He built an oil terminal in Perth Amboy, New Jersey out of old oil tankers and aggressively underbid his competitors to win Federal oil contracts.[1] He served in World War II, rising to the rank of Major, and serving as the fuel supply officer for General George S. Patton, where he further developed his logistical expertise.[1]


After the war, using an innovative network of smaller terminals, Hess' success continued. In the late 1950s, he built his first refinery; and in 1960, he opened a chain of gas stations.[1] In the early 1960s he built the world's largest oil refinery at the time on St. Croix in the United States Virgin Islands in order to take advantage of federal tax benefits. The refinery was able to secure foreign refiner status (allowing it to circumvent the federal rule that required the use of higher-cost U.S.-flagged vessels when shipping oil to the East Coast) while also receiving subsidies from the United States Department of Energy as a domestic refinery.[1] In 1963, his company, Hess Oil and Chemical, went public.[1] In 1969, using the proceeds from the Hess sale, he acquired the Amerada Petroleum Corporation, one of the largest producers of crude oil in the United States and – as part of the purchase – merged it with his former company, Hess Oil and Chemical – to form the Amerada Hess Corporation. Hess served as chairman and CEO of Amerada Hess until 1995.

New York Jets

In 1963, he was part of a consortium that bought the New York Jets which included Hess, Sonny Werblin, Philip H. Iselin, Townsend B. Martin and Donald Lillis.[4] His initial investment was $250,000.[1]

He bought out his partners: Sonny Werblin in 1968,[5] the heirs of Philip H. Iselin in 1977, Townsend Martin in 1981[6] and became the sole owner of the club after purchasing the last quarter-share from Helen Dillon, Lillis' daughter, in 1984.[4]

The Jets played in Shea Stadium in 1964 after four seasons in the Polo Grounds. In 1984 Hess moved the team to Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey. When he owned the Jets, he would eat dinner after almost every home game at Lusardi's.[7]

Personal life and death

In 1947, he married Norma Wilentz[1] who was also Jewish.[8] Wilentz's father was the former Attorney General David T. Wilentz who prosecuted Bruno Richard Hauptmann in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping case.[1] They had three children: Marlene Hess Zirin, Constance H. Williams, and John B. Hess.[1] His daughter Marlene is married to lawyer, writer and cable TV talk show host, James D. Zirin.[9]

Hess died at Lenox Hill Hospital on May 7, 1999, from a "blood disease".[3][10]


In 2011, Hess was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame.[11]

In 2014, the New York Jets selected Hess, along with former WR Wayne Chrebet, to be the year's inductees into its Ring of Honor.[12]

The Leon Hess Business School at Monmouth University and the Leon and Norma Hess Center for Science and Medicine were named for him.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m New York Times: "Leon Hess, Who Built a Major Oil Company and Owned the Jets, Is Dead at 85" By GERALD ESKENAZI May 08, 1999
  2. ^ We Are Many: Reflections On American Jewish History And Identity By Edward S Shapiro pages 123-124 | retrieved April 6, 2013
  3. ^ a b "Leon Hess". Sports Illustrated. May 7, 1999. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  4. ^ a b Gola, Hank (January 12, 2000). "Hess Family Hits Gusher In Jet Sale". Daily News. New York.
  5. ^ "Sonny Werblin, an Impresario of New York's Sports Extravaganza, Is Dead at 81". The New York Times. November 23, 1991.
  6. ^ Sandomir, Richard (January 14, 2000). "SPORTS BUSINESS; For Hess's Estate, It's a jets.com". The New York Times.
  7. ^ Mike Freeman (October 17, 2000). "ON PRO FOOTBALL; New York Teams Taking Different Paths to the Same Destination". New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  8. ^ New Jersey Star Ledger: "Norma Wilentz Hess" April 22, 2010
  9. ^ New York Times: "Marlene Hess, a Banking Executive, Is Married to James Zirin, a Lawyer" May 19, 1990
  10. ^ "Leon Hess". New York Times. May 9, 1999. Retrieved 2007-02-14. Peacefully on May 7, 1999 of complications from a blood disorder. Beloved husband of Norma; cherished father of Constance and Dr. Sankey Williams, Marlene Hess Zirin, and James Zirin, John and Susan Hess; adored grandfather of Elizabeth and Jennifer Williams, Peter and Margaret Friedland, Michael, David and William Hess; dear brother of Betty Gilbert, dear brother-in-law of Ruth Hess, Warren and Rhoda Wilentz and the late Robert and Jacqueline Wilentz, treasured son of the late Ethel and Mores Hess and son-inlaw of the late Lena and David T. Wilentz.
  11. ^ The Newark Star Ledger. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ Lange, Randy. "Leon Hess, Wayne Chrebet to Join Ring of Honor". New York Jets. Retrieved 9 Jan 2015.
1999 New York Jets season

The 1999 New York Jets season was the 40th season for the team, the 30th in the National Football League and the third year and final year under Bill Parcells and

was also the last season that the Jets were under the ownership of the Hess family. Owner Leon Hess died before the season began and, per his directive, the team was to be sold after his death. The process for vetting potential buyers proceeded during the entire season and shortly after it concluded, the winning buyer was revealed as Johnson & Johnson heir Woody Johnson.

The Jets failed to improve upon their 12–4 record from 1998, when the Jets won the AFC East and ended the season with a loss in the AFC Championship Game. The team dealt with several devastating injuries to starters. Starting quarterback Vinny Testaverde suffered a ruptured Achilles tendon in the season opener against the New England Patriots, costing him the entire season. Starting running back Leon Johnson tore two knee ligaments in the same game and was also lost for the season.

Due to Testaverde’s injury, the Jets were forced to use three different quarterbacks during the season. Parcells used punter Tom Tupa, who had begun his career as a quarterback, to replace Testaverde in the opening game against the Patriots but pulled him in favor of Rick Mirer. Parcells acquired Mirer in a trade with the Green Bay Packers during the offseason and made room for Mirer by trading Glenn Foley to the Seattle Seahawks. After a 2-6 start to the season, Parcells went in another direction and replaced Mirer with third-stringer Ray Lucas, who won six of his eight starts to bring the team to an 8-8 finish.

Parcells announced his retirement shortly after the 1999 season concluded and announced that defensive coordinator Bill Belichick, who had been his designated successor, would take over. However, Belichick decided shortly after taking the position that he no longer wanted it and instead chose to become the head coach of the Patriots. Thus, Parcells promoted linebackers coach Al Groh to replace him while he stayed on for an additional year in the front office.

2000 New England Patriots season

The 2000 New England Patriots season was the franchise's 31st season in the National Football League and the 41st overall. They finished with a 5–11 record and in last place in the division.

Following the firing of three-year head coach Pete Carroll in January, Patriots owner Bob Kraft pursued Jets assistant head coach Bill Belichick for the Patriots' head coaching vacancy. Belichick, who had been an assistant coach under Bill Parcells with the Patriots in 1997, followed Parcells to the Jets after that season and was contractually named Parcells' successor. A day after the 1999 season, Parcells resigned as head coach of the Jets and made his second retirement from NFL coaching. Belichick, who had been assistant head coach of the Jets, became the Jets' next head coach. The following day, at a press conference for his hiring, Belichick wrote a resignation note on a napkin ("I resign as HC of the NYJ."), and proceeded to give a half-hour resignation speech to the press. Despite rumors that he had been offered the Patriots' vacant head coaching position, Belichick cited the Jets' uncertain ownership situation following the death of owner Leon Hess earlier that year as the reason for his resignation. The Jets denied Belichick permission to speak with other teams, and as had happened in 1997 with Parcells, the NFL upheld Belichick's contractual obligations to the Jets. Belichick then filed an antitrust lawsuit against the NFL in federal court. After Parcells and Kraft, talking for the first time since Parcells' resignation from the Patriots, agreed to settle their differences, the Patriots and Jets agreed to a compensation package to allow Belichick to become the Patriots' head coach. With the deal, the Patriots sent their first-round pick in the 2000 NFL Draft and fourth and seventh-round picks in the 2001 NFL Draft to the Jets, while also receiving the Jets' fifth-round selection in 2001 and seventh-round pick in the 2002 NFL Draft.Belichick restructured the team's personnel department in the offseason, and later proclaimed that the team "could not win with 40 good players while the other team has 53," after a number of players showed up out of shape for the start of training camp. The Patriots went on to finish the season 5–11, finishing last in the AFC East and missing the playoffs for the second straight season. As of 2018, this represents the Patriots' most recent losing season.

2000 New York Jets season

The 2000 New York Jets season was the 41st season for the team, and the 31st in the National Football League. It was also their first under the ownership of Woody Johnson, who purchased the team in January 2000 from the estate of former owner Leon Hess.

The team tried to improve upon its 8–8 record from 1999 under new head coach Al Groh, who became the successor for Bill Parcells after Bill Belichick abruptly resigned to take the same position with the New England Patriots. Although they managed to finish one game better than they had in 1999, their 9–7 record (including three losses to close the year) was not enough to make the playoffs.

Shortly after the season ended, Groh resigned as coach to take the head coaching position at the University of Virginia, his alma mater. Shortly after that, Parcells stepped down as Director of Football Operations and retired from football. Like his previous retirement, it proved only temporary and Parcells was back in the NFL in 2003 as the head coach of the Dallas Cowboys.

David T. Wilentz

David Theodore Wilentz (December 21, 1894 – July 6, 1988) was the Attorney General of New Jersey from 1934 to 1944. In 1935 he successfully prosecuted Bruno Hauptmann in the Lindbergh kidnapping trial. He was the father of Robert Wilentz, Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1979 to 1996, as well as Norma Hess, wife of Leon Hess, founder of Hess Corporation and Warren Wilentz

Erma-Gene Evans

Erma-Gene Evans (born 26 January 1984 in Castries) is a Saint Lucian javelin thrower.

Erma-Gene holds the Saint Lucia national records for women's Javelin Throw. She attended Leon Hess Comprehensive Secondary School and Sir Arthur Lewis Community College in Castries, before pursuing undergraduate studies in marketing at the University of Texas el Paso.

Erma-Gene was a CARIFTA bronze medallist in 2001, then a silver medallist in 2002 and 2003, her last year as a junior. But competing at the Pan American Junior Track & Field Championships that year in Bridgetown, Barbados, she set a meet record and national record of 49.67 to take gold. For that feat, she was named 2003 junior and senior female Athlete of the Year in St. Lucia as well as the junior and senior Sportswoman of the Year.

In 2004, Erma-Gene took up studies at UTEP, and began training with coach Mika Laaksonen. She was third in the javelin (48.86/160-4) at the 2004 North America, Central America and Caribbean Athletic Championships on 30 July. In 2005, her mark of 52.27 was the top throw in her flight during the qualifying round of the NCAA Championships, but she was unable to compete in the final due to injury. She was a runner-up at the NCAA Midwest Regional, and at the WAC Championships. She reset the Saint Lucia national record winning the Spira Invitational with a season-best of 172-10 (52.68) on 16 April 16 and was named the WAC Athlete of the Week. She has previously broken the national record with a mark of 172-8 (52.64) to take fourth at the Texas Relays on 9 April.

Her form improved in 2006, when she gained All-America honors, taking sixth at the NCAA Championships with a throw of 51.45, having earlier that season won the C-USA Championship with a national record toss of 180-5 (55.00) a distance that ranked second in school history. She finished seventh at the 2006 Central American and Caribbean Games. She was also fourth at NACAC that season.

Her senior year at UTEP was eventful. Erma-Gene won the C-USA Conference title with a new national record of 56.45m, qualifying her for the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, China. At the 2007 NCAA Championships she finish ed second.

Leading up to the Olympics, Erma-Gene recorded her career-best throw of 57.22 metres in March 2008 in El Paso. In Beijing she was 30th overall in qualifying.

Giants Stadium

Giants Stadium (sometimes referred to as Giants Stadium at the Meadowlands or The Swamp) was a stadium located in East Rutherford, New Jersey, in the Meadowlands Sports Complex. The venue had been open between 1976 and 2010, and it primarily hosted sporting events and concerts in its history. The maximum seating capacity was 80,242. The structure itself was 756 feet (230 m) long, 592 feet (180 m) wide and 144 feet (44 m) high from service level to the top of the seating bowl and 178 feet (54 m) high to the top of the south tower. The volume of the stadium was 64,500,000 cubic feet (1,830,000 m3), and 13,500 tons of structural steel were used in the building process while 29,200 tons of concrete were poured. It was owned and operated by the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority (NJSEA).

In the early 1970s the New York Giants, who at the time were sharing Yankee Stadium with the New York Yankees baseball team, began looking for a home of their own. The Giants struck a deal with the fledgling New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority in 1971 and ground broke on the construction of the new facility in 1972. The 1972 season was the Giants' last full season in Yankee Stadium, as the ballpark was closed for a massive reconstruction following the end of the Yankees' season. Since their new stadium would take a significant amount of time to finish, and they could not use their home facility due to the construction, the Giants moved out of state and played in New Haven, Connecticut at the Yale Bowl early in the 1973 season. After spending two years in New Haven, the Giants would return to New York for one final season in 1975 and shared Shea Stadium in Flushing, Queens with the Yankees, New York Mets, and New York Jets. The Giants finally moved into their new home on October 10, 1976.

Eight years after Giants Stadium opened, it gained a second major tenant. The Jets' lease at Shea Stadium, the home of the New York Mets, had expired at the end of the 1983 season and team owner Leon Hess was having trouble negotiating terms of a new lease to stay in Queens. The city of New York was unwilling to agree to his terms and Hess decided to move the Jets to the Meadowlands permanently (the team previously played a regular season game there in 1977). Their first game in Giants Stadium was on September 6, 1984. With the Jets now playing at the stadium, the grounds crew needed to find a way to set their games apart from Giants games and make them more inviting for their fans and eventually came up with a series of green and white banners and coverings that were hung over the field-level blue walls that circled the stadium and (later) the four entrance gates outside the stadium.

The sharing of the stadium by both the Giants and Jets enabled it to break a record that had long been held by Chicago's Wrigley Field. Entering the 2003 season, its 28th, Giants Stadium had played host to 364 NFL games, second only to the 365 played at Wrigley by the Chicago Bears in their 50 seasons there. The Giants' season opening game with the St. Louis Rams tied the record, and the following week the Jets' home opener against the Miami Dolphins broke it.

Giants Stadium was also home to the New York Cosmos, a professional soccer team that attracted record crowds during the late 1970s. The New York/New Jersey MetroStars (later the New York Red Bulls) of Major League Soccer, later played in the stadium from 1996 to 2009.

Giants Stadium was closed following the 2009 NFL season following the construction of what is now MetLife Stadium in the surrounding parking lot. The stadium's final event was the January 3, 2010 game featuring the Jets hosting the Cincinnati Bengals on Sunday Night Football. A month after the game, demolition of the structure began and was completed on August 10, 2010. The New York Giants and New York Jets both moved to MetLife Stadium in 2010.

Hess (surname)

Hess or Heß, a German and Ashkenazic surname, meaning somebody originally from the region of Hesse. Two alternative origins have been reported. Usage in the south of Germany may arise from a contraction of the personal name Matthäus, whereas appearance in Germany or The Netherlands may arise from a modification of the personal name Hesso.Notable people who share this surname include:

Adam Hess (born 1981), American basketball player

Adam Hess (Comedian), British Comedian

András Hess, Hungarian printer

Beat W. Hess (born 1949), Swiss businessman

Bernhard Hess (born 1966), Swiss politician

Bernhard von Hess (1792–1869), Bavarian Lieutenant General and War Minister

Carl von Hess (1863–1923), German ophthalmologist

Catherina Hess, (born 1985), German actress

Damian Hess aka MC Frontalot, nerdcore rapper

Dean Hess (1917-2015), American Air Force Colonel

Derek Hess, (born 1964), American artist

Elizabeth Hess (born 1953), Canadian actress

Elmar Hess (born 1966), German artist

Eric Hess, American wrestler

Erika Hess (born 1962), Swiss alpine skier

Fred Hess (1944–2018), American jazz musician

Fred Hess (Wisconsin) (1858-1925), American politician

Fred J. Hess (1848-1928), American politician

Germain Henri Hess (1802–1850), Russian-Swiss chemist

Gregory Hess (born 1962), 16th President of Wabash College

Hans-Georg Hess (1923-2008), German U-boat captain

John Jacob Hess (1584-1639), Swiss-German Anabaptist minister and martyr

Harry Hammond Hess (1906–1969), American geologist best known for his theories on sea floor spreading

Harry Hess, American college sports coach

Harvey Hess (1939-2012), American lyric poet

Heinrich von Heß (1788–1870), Austrian fieldmarshall

Heinrich Maria von Hess, German painter

Hieronymus Hess, Swiss drawer, painter, caricaturist (1799-1850)

Ilse Hess, German writer (1900-1995)

Jake Hess, American southern gospel vocalist

Jared Hess (born 1979), American writer and director of Napoleon Dynamite

Johann Hess (Hesse), (1490–1547), German theologian

Karl Hess (1923–1994), American speechwriter and author

Karl Hess (painter) (1801-1874), German painter

Leon Hess Founder, Chairman of the Board & CEO of Hess Corporation and the New York Jets NFL Football franchise until his death

Markus Hess, German hacker

Michael A. Hess (1952-1995), American lawyer

Moses Hess (1812–1875), Jewish philosopher and proto-Zionist

Myra Hess (1890–1965), British pianist

Nigel Hess, British composer

Ortwin Hess, British optician and physicist

Orvan Hess (1906–2002), doctor who invented the fetal heart monitor

Peter von Hess, German painter

Rudolf Hess (1894–1987), Deputy Führer of Nazi Germany

Rudolf Hess (1903–1986), Californian painter and art critic

Sara Whalen Hess (born 1976), American Olympic soccer player

Ursula Hess (born 1946), Swiss archer

Ursula Hess (psychologist) (born 1960), German psychologist

Victor Francis Hess (1883–1964), Austrian-American physicist who discovered cosmic rays

Walter Rudolf Hess (1881–1973), Swiss physiologist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1949

Willy Hess (violinist) (1859–1939), German famous violin virtuoso

Willy Hess (composer) (1906–1997), Swiss musicologist, composer, and famous Beethoven scholar

Wolf Rüdiger Hess (Heß) (1937–2001), German architect, right extremist and son of Rudolf Hess

Hess Corporation

Hess Corporation (formerly Amerada Hess Corporation) is an American global independent energy company engaged in the exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas. Hess, headquartered in New York City, placed #394 in the 2016 list of Fortune 500 corporations. In 2014, Hess completed a multi-year transformation to an exploration and production company by exiting all downstream operations, generating approximately $13 billion from assets sales beginning in 2013. Hess sold its gas station network to Marathon Petroleum (which operates under the retail brand Speedway); sold its wholesale and retail oil, natural gas and electricity marketing business to Direct Energy; closed its refineries in Port Reading NJ and St. Croix USVI (Hovensa JV with PDVSA); sold its bulk storage and terminalling business mostly to Buckeye Partners; and sold its 50% interests in two New Jersey power plants to their respective JV partners (Bayonne Energy Center: ArcLight Capital and Newark Energy Center: Ares EIF). Hess also sold its 50% interest in its JV commodities trading arm HETCO (Hess Energy Trading Company) to Oaktree Capital. HETCO is now known as Hartree Partners.The company has exploration and production operations both on-shore: United States and Libya and off-shore: Canada, South America (Guyana & Suriname), Europe (Norway & Denmark), Africa (Ghana & Equatorial Guinea), Southeast Asia (Malaysia and the Joint Development Area of Malaysia and Thailand), and Australia.

Hess Oil and Chemical

Hess Oil and Chemical Corporation was a company begun in the 1930s by Leon Hess of New Jersey to distribute heating oil. It expanded over the years to include refining and marketing of heating oil and other petroleum products through terminals and gasoline stations. In 1968, Hess Oil and Chemical Corporation merged with Amerada Petroleum Corporation into Amerada Hess Corporation (NYSE: HES). Since 2006, the merged company has been called Hess Corporation. Before the merger, Hess Oil and Chemical developed the Hess Oil Virgin Islands Corporation (HOVIC) Refinery on St. Croix, United States Virgin Islands, at the time the largest oil refinery in the world. After 1998 the refinery built by HOVIC operated under the name HOVENSA. It is a joint venture with PDVSA and is 50% owned by Hess Corporation. HOVENSA announced plans to close later on in the year on January 18, 2012.

Hess is an independent energy company engaged in the exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas, with a position in a key U.S. shale play -- the Bakken in North Dakota. Hess is also one of the largest producers in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico and a key natural gas producer and supplier to Peninsular Malaysia and Thailand. The company is engaged in exploration and appraisal activities offshore Guyana, participating in one of the industry’s largest oil discoveries in the past decade with the first phase of a planned multiphase development of the Liza Field in Guyana underway.

Hess is no longer involved in retail sales of petroleum products.

James D. Zirin

James David Zirin (born January 10, 1940) is an American lawyer, philanthropist, author, and television talk-show host. Zirin and his wife, Marlene Hess, are donors to both the Lincoln Center and the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. He is the author of The Mother Court , Supremely Partisan, and the soon to be released Plaintiff in Chief. His essays have appeared in publications such as Forbes, Time and The Nation.

John B. Hess

John Barnett Hess (born April 5, 1954) is the CEO of Hess Corporation.

Leon Hess Comprehensive Secondary School

Leon Hess Comprehensive Secondary School is a secondary school located in Castries, Saint Lucia. The school was established on 26 October 1985 by a donation to the Saint Lucian government from Leon Hess.The school's present principal is Mr. Rohan Lubon and its first principal was Mrs. Jane Bourne. The school's team (house) colours are as follows:

Lewis which was named after Sir. Arthur Lewis (blue) on Monday, 26 October 2016 the Lewis house was changed to the Ellis house, which is named after former principal Mr. Rupert Ellis.

Jesse which was named after father Charles Jesse (red).

Bourne which was named after Mrs. Jane Bourne (green).

Leon which was named after Mr. Leon Hess (yellow).

The school's motto is "Education for Service".

List of professional sports team owners

This is a list of individuals, groups of individuals, and companies who have owned and operated a professional sports organization. The list is organized first by sport, then by franchise or team, then by Owner. If an organization has gone through a significant change (e.g. the team has moved and/or changed names), that information is noted after the years of ownership.


Lusardi's is a Northern Italian restaurant located at 1494 Second Avenue (between East 77th and East 78th Streets) on the Upper East Side of Manhattan, in New York City.

The restaurant opened in 1982. It is owned and run by two brothers, Luigi and Mauro Lusardi. The restaurant has an old-world vibe. The dining room has a capacity of 75 guests. The menu consists of Northern Italian Tuscan dishes. The wine list has over 400 vintage wines.

The chef is Claudio Meneghini.When Leon Hess owned the New York Jets, he would eat dinner after almost every home game at Lusardi's.

Menissa Rambally

Menissa Rambally (born 1976) is a Saint Lucian politician who represented the Castries South East constituency for the Saint Lucia Labour Party, until she was defeated in the general election of 11 December 2006. She was appointed Permanent Representative for Saint Lucia to the United Nations in 2012.She was the Minister of Culture in the government of the Saint Lucia Labour Party. Rambally was the youngest candidate and the youngest MP in the country's history, entering parliament at 21 years of age. She is of Indian, African and European ancestry. She is a graduate of the Leon Hess Comprehensive School and a Business Graduate of Caribbean Union College, an affiliate of Andrews University, Michigan.

Menissa is the eldest daughter of Nelista and Hezekiah Rambally, with her sisters Pearl and Shameela. Shameela, meanwhile, is determined to blaze her own trail in the business sector. Menissa entered politics due to the untimely death of her father who had been selected as the St Lucia Labour Party candidate for the Castries Southeast constituency. Upon entering the race, she quickly became a favorite to gain a seat for the opposition.

As the results came in, it became apparent that she would not only win her seat but would do so decisively. She would remain in power until the next election cycle which she won handily. The election of Rambally and Sarah Flood Beaubrun in 1997 and 2001, according to Cynthia Barrow-Giles, "transformed the St Lucia lower House of parliament from a virtual 'all boys camp' to a more gender integrated elected parliament". Rambally served in the Ministry of Agriculture as permanent secretary, minister of tourism, and, most recently, minister of social transformation.

After her loss to Guy Joseph, she began enhancing her career as a political consultant and at the same time furthering her education. She believes in young people and have promised to help them as much as she could. Her favorite quote to young people is "knowing young people like you is what makes public life so fulfilling."

New York Jets

The New York Jets are a professional American football team located in the New York metropolitan area. The Jets compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's American Football Conference (AFC) East division. The team is headquartered in Florham Park, New Jersey. In a unique arrangement for the league, the Jets share MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey with the New York Giants. The franchise is legally and corporately registered as New York Jets, LLC.The team was founded in 1959 as the Titans of New York, an original member of the American Football League (AFL); later, the franchise joined the NFL in the AFL–NFL merger in 1970. The team began to play in 1960 at the Polo Grounds. Under new ownership, the current name was adopted in 1963 and the franchise moved to Shea Stadium in 1964 and then to the Meadowlands Sports Complex in 1984. The Jets advanced to the playoffs for the first time in 1968 and went on to compete in Super Bowl III where they defeated the Baltimore Colts, becoming the first AFL team to defeat an NFL club in an AFL–NFL World Championship Game. Since 1968, the Jets have appeared in the playoffs 13 times, and in the AFC Championship Game four times, most recently losing to the Pittsburgh Steelers in 2010. However, the Jets have never returned to the Super Bowl, making them one of three NFL teams to win their lone Super Bowl appearance, along with the New Orleans Saints and Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Apart from the Cleveland Browns and Detroit Lions, who have never reached the Super Bowl (although both won NFL championships prior to 1966), the Jets' drought is the longest among current NFL franchises.

The team's training facility, Atlantic Health Jets Training Center, which opened in 2008, is located in Florham Park. The team currently holds their annual training camp sessions in Florham Park, New Jersey.

Port Reading Refinery

Port Reading Refinery, also known as Hess Refinery, was an oil refinery located in Perth Amboy and Port Reading, New Jersey. It was constructed by Hess Oil under Leon Hess in 1958. It is a simple refinery which further processes other refinery's product which begins with heavy sour crude. It is owned by the Hess Corporation, refiners of Hess brand gasoline. The refinery itself has outlets that connect with Arthur Kill, enabling oil barges to make passage into the refinery's commons. The refinery had a neon red "HESS" sign on its cracking unit which was removed in December, 2013 after the property was sold. The refinery was closed in 2013.

Purnell W. Choppin

Purnell W. Choppin is an American virologist. He served on the faculty of Rockefeller University for nearly thirty years, becoming the Leon Hess Professor of Virology. He moved to the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in 1985, became the president of the institute in 1987, and retired in 1999, succeeded by Thomas Cech. He is currently the chair of the Scientific Advisory Board at the Center for the Study of Hepatitis C, supported by a university consortium consisting of Rockefeller, Weill Cornell Medical College, and New York-Presbyterian Hospital.

Titia de Lange

Titia de Lange (born 11 November 1955, in Rotterdam) is the Director of the Anderson Center for Cancer Research, the Leon Hess professor and the head of Laboratory Cell Biology and Genetics at Rockefeller University.De Lange obtained her Masters on "Chromatin structure of the human ß-globin gene locus" at the University of Amsterdam in 1981, and subsequently her PhD at the same institution in 1985 with Piet Borst on surface antigen genes in trypanosomes. In 1985 she joined Harold Varmus's lab at the University of California, San Francisco. Since 1990 she has had a faculty position at the Rockefeller University. In 2011, de Lange received the Vilcek Prize in Biomedical Science. In 2013 she won a Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences, worth $3 million, for her research on telomeres.In 2000 she became correspondent of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.


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