Lentini

Lentini (Sicilian: Lintini), historically Leontini or Leontinoi (Ancient Greek: Λεοντῖνοι), is a town and comune in the Province of Syracuse, South East of Sicily (Southern Italy).

Lentini
Comune di Lentini
Skyline of Lentini
Coat of arms of Lentini

Coat of arms
Location of Lentini
Lentini is located in Italy
Lentini
Lentini
Location of Lentini in Italy
Lentini is located in Sicily
Lentini
Lentini
Lentini (Sicily)
Coordinates: 37°17′N 15°00′E / 37.283°N 15.000°E
CountryItaly
RegionSicily
ProvinceSyracuse (SR)
Government
 • MayorSaverio Bosco
Area
 • Total216.78 km2 (83.70 sq mi)
Elevation
53 m (174 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total23,526
 • Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Lentinese
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
96016
Dialing code095
Patron saintSt. Alphius
Saint dayMay 10
WebsiteOfficial website
Lentini Chiesa Madre
Mother Church.

History

The city was founded by colonists from Naxos as Leontini in 729 BC,[3] which in its beginnings was a Chalcidian colony established five years earlier.

It is virtually the only Greek settlement in Sicily that is not located on the coast, founded around 6 miles inland. The site, originally held by the Sicels, was seized by the Greeks owing to their command on the fertile plain in the north.[3] The city was reduced to subject status in 494 BC by Hippocrates of Gela,[4] who made his ally Aenesidemus its tyrant.[5] In 476 BC, Hieron of Syracuse moved the inhabitants from Catana and Naxos to Leontini.[3][4]

Later on, the city of Leontini regained its independence.[4] However, as a part of the inhabitants efforts to retain their independence, they invoked more than once the interventions of Athens. It was mainly the eloquence of Gorgias of Leontini which led to the abortive Athenian expedition of 427 BC.[3][4]

In 422 BC, the Greek city-state of Syracuse supported the oligarchs against the people and received them as citizens, Leontini itself being forsaken. This led to a renewed Athenian intervention. Initially as a diplomatic one, the exiles of Leontini joined the envoys of Segesta in persuading Athens to undertake the great Sicilian Expedition of 415 BC.[3]

After the failure of the Expedition, Leontini became subject to Syracuse once more.[6] The city's independence was guaranteed by the treaty of 405 BC between Dionysius and the Carthaginians, but it was soon lost again. The city was finally stormed by Marcus Claudius Marcellus in 214 BC.[3]

In Roman times it seems to have been of small importance.[4] It was destroyed by the Saracens in 847 AD,[4] and almost completely ruined by the earthquake of 1693.[4] Until the middle of the 20th century, Lentini was regarded by travellers as a malarial stopover to Syracuse of minor historical importance.[7]

The ancient city is described by Polybius as lying in a valley between two hills, and facing north.[6] On the western side of this valley there was a river flowing with a row of houses on its western bank below the hill. At each end was a gate, the northern gate leading to the plain, the southern, at the upper end, leading to Syracuse. On each side of the valley there was an acropolis, lying between precipitous hills with flat tops, over which buildings extended. The eastern hill still has the remains of a strongly fortified medieval castle, in which some writers are inclined (though wrongly) to recognize portions of the Greek masonry.[3]

Excavations were made in 1899 in one of the ravines in a Sicel necropolis of the third period; explorations in the various Greek cemeteries resulted in the discovery of some fine bronzes, notably a lebes.[3]

Main sights

Lentini's sights include:

  • The Baroque Chiesa madre Santa Maria la Cava e Sant'Alfio ("Mother Church of St. Mary of the Pit and St. Alphius"), built in 1693 by Vella da Malta. It has a basilica plan with a nave and two aisles; the three-order façade is from the 18th century. The central portal has scenes of the martyrdoms of St. Alfio, Filadelphus and Cirinus. The interior holds a Byzantine icon from the 12th century.[8]
  • The Chiesa of Santissima Trinità e San Marziano ("Church of the Holy Trinity and St. Marcian"), which was built over the ruins of the 16th century Palazzo La Palumba. It has a noteworthy pavement in ceramics of Caltagirone (18th century) and a polyptych of Antonello da Messina's school. The high altar tabernacle is made of lapislazuli.[8]
  • The Chiesa dell'Immacolata ("Church of the Immaculate") from the 17th century. Inside there are a Romanesque lion sculpture, a Christ at the Column and the tombstone of Queen Mary (1402).[8]
  • The Chiesa di S.Luca ("Church of St. Luke"). It has a notable painting of Saint Francis of Assisi, speaking by Jacopo Bassano and other artworks. Next to the church are the remains of the Castle of Frederick II, the hypogeum of St. Lucy with 14th-century frescoes, the Crucifix Grottoes with frescoes from the 12th–17th centuries and the ruins of the old parish church of St. Peter (16th century).[8]
  • The 18th-century church of San Francesco di Paola, with a rare organ and artworks from churches which were destroyed by the 1693 earthquake.[8]

Economy

Lentini's economy is mainly based on agriculture, and less remarkably on woodcraft and handicraft production.

Climate

Lentini's climate is Mediterranean, with mild winters and hot summers. During the coldest months, the average daytime temperature is about 10°C, while the warmest months see average daytime temperatures reach 34°C. In summer, temperatures reach 40°C every year and temperatures over 45°C are not unheard of.[9][10] Winter also encounters temperatures over 20°C yearly, with temperatures over 25°C also occurring, but less frequently. Occasionally, winter lows go down to 3°C, but very rarely go under 0°C. Summer lows normally do not go under 17°C but can occasionally go down to 16°C. While the climate is relatively dry all year round, there is a marked difference between precipitation days in summer, that experiences rain very rarely, and in winter, where rain occurs more frequently.[10][11]

People

  • Gorgias (c. 485 – c. 380 BC), pre-Socratic philosopher.
  • Giacomo da Lentini, 13th century poet and reputed inventor of the sonnet.
  • Filadelfo Mugnos (1607–1675), man of letters and author of the Teatro genealogico delle famiglie nobili siciliane, titolate, feudatarie ed antiche del fedelissimo regno di Sicilia viventi ed estinte.
  • Jeffrey Jey (born 1970), singer and lead vocalist of the group Eiffel 65.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Wikisource Ashby, Thomas (1911). "Leontini" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 455.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Lentini: La storia". LentiniOnline.it (in Italian). Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  5. ^ Abbott, Evelyn (1982). A History of Greece: Part 2: from the Ionian Revolt to the Thirty Years' Peace 500–445 B.C., Volume 2. New York: Putnam. pp. 436–439.
  6. ^ a b Pisano Baudo, Sebastiano (1965). Storia di Lentini antica e moderna. Lentini: Tip. Scolari.
  7. ^ Balsamo, Paolo; Vaughan, Thomas Wright (1811). A View of the Present State of Sicily: Its Rural Economy, Population, and Produce, Particularly in the County of Modica: with an Appendix, Containing Observations on Its General Character, Climate, Commerce, Resources, &c. / from a Late Survey of the Abbate Balsamo; to Which Are Added, with Notes Throughout the Work, an Axamination of the Sicilian Volunteer System, and Extracts from Letters Written in Sicily in 1809 and 1810 by Thomas Wright Vaughan. Paternoster Row: Printed for Gale and Curtis.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Lentini: Le chiese". LentiniOnline.it (in Italian). Archived from the original on July 19, 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  9. ^ "Il record italiano di caldo: +48.5°c". Arezzo Meteo (in Italian). Archived from the original on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Lentini". Archivio Climatico DBT (in Italian). ENEA. Archived from the original on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  11. ^ "The Best Time to Visit Lentini, Italy for Weather, Safety, & Tourism". Champion Traveler. Archived from the original on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2018.

Sources

  • Valenti, Francesco (2007). Leontinoi. Storia della città dalla preistoria alla fine dell'impero romano (in Italian). Palermo: Publisicula.

External links

1992–93 A.C. Milan season

Associazione Calcio Milan won two trophies in the 1992–93 season, which was crowned when it reached the European Cup final and won the domestic league for the second year running.

None of the other Serie A teams came close to challenging Milan in the league, with new signing Jean-Pierre Papin playing a vital role in the absence of lethal striker Marco van Basten, who albeit scored 13 goals in just 15 matches. Some defensive slips were redeemed by the 65 goals scored, which was the most of all teams in the league, and enough to clinch the title in front of city rivals Internazionale by four points. The season also saw memorable displays against Pescara, Fiorentina and Lazio in the beginning of the season. Against Pescara, Milan won 5–4 away from home, then beat Fiorentina 7–3 and Lazio at home by 5–3. In those three matches, van Basten totaled seven goals. Milan also crushed Napoli 5–1 at the Stadio San Paolo in Naples, with van Basten scoring four goals in Serie A for the first (and only) time.

The season also saw Milan set the world transfer record following an intensive bidding battle against Juventus to sign Gianluigi Lentini from 1992's surprise Torino team. Lentini did not perform to expectations, and was considered a disappointment, especially following a car accident in 1993, from which he recovered, but never rediscovered his form prior to the accident.

Art Lentini

Arthur J. "Art" Lentini (born March 23, 1953) is an attorney in Metairie, Louisiana, United States, who served from 1996 to 2008 as a Republican member of the Louisiana State Senate from District 10 in Jefferson Parish in the New Orleans suburbs. For eight years he was the Senate parliamentarian. He was term-limited in the nonpartisan blanket primary held on October 20, 2007, and hence ineligible to seek a fourth term in the Senate.

Belpasso

Belpasso (Sicilian: Belpassu) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Catania in the Italian region Sicily, located about 150 kilometres (93 mi) southeast of Palermo and about 10 kilometres (6 mi) northwest of Catania.

Belpasso borders the following municipalities: Adrano, Biancavilla, Bronte, Camporotondo Etneo, Castiglione di Sicilia, Catania, Lentini, Maletto, Mascalucia, Motta Sant'Anastasia, Nicolosi, Paternò, Ragalna, Ramacca, Randazzo, San Pietro Clarenza, Sant'Alfio, Zafferana Etnea.

Fehlandt Lentini

Fehlandt A. Lentini (born August 12, 1977, in Santa Rosa, California) is a former American professional baseball player who last played as an outfielder with the Long Island Ducks. Lentini, an outfielder, has played with many different minor and independent league teams over his career, which began in 2001 with the Martinsville Astros of the rookie-level Appalachian League. He attended Sonoma State University and from there, was signed by the Houston Astros as an amateur free agent. In the Astros organization, he played with six different teams from 2001 to 2003. During the 2004 season, Lentini began his tenure in the independent league circuit, signing with the Kalamazoo Kings of the Frontier League. That season, was named a league all-star.

From 2006 to 2008, Lentini was selected to play in the Northern League All-Star Game as a member of the Winnipeg Goldeyes. After joining the Golden Baseball League in 2009, he was chosen to play in the season's all-star game. Also in 2009 Lentini, as a member of the Calgary Vipers, was named the Golden Baseball League's Player of the Week for June 1 to 7. The Vipers won the league championship that season. In October 2010, his alma mater, Sonoma State University, will induct him into the Sonoma State Athletic Hall of Fame.

Frank Lentini

Francesco "Frank" Lentini (May 18, 1889 − September 21, 1966) was an Italian-American sideshow performer, who toured with numerous circuses. Born with a parasitic twin, Lentini had three legs.

Giacomo da Lentini

Giacomo da Lentini, also known as Jacopo (il) Notaro, was an Italian poet of the 13th century. He was a senior poet of the Sicilian School and was a notary at the court of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II. Giacomo is credited with the invention of the sonnet.His poetry was originally written in literary Sicilian, though it only survives in Tuscan. His poetry, which was an adaptation to Italian of the Provençal poetry of the troubadours, concerns courtly, chivalrous love. As with other poets of the time, he corresponded often with fellow poets, circulating poems in manuscript and commenting on others; one of his main correspondents was Pier della Vigna. Some of his sonnets were produced in tenzone, a collaborative form of poetry writing in which one poet would write a sonnetana and another would respond, likewise in a sonnet; da Lentini cooperated in this manner with the Abbot of Tivoli.

Gianluigi Lentini

Gianluigi Lentini (Italian pronunciation: [dʒanluˈiːdʒi lenˈtiːni]; born 27 March 1969) is a former Italian professional footballer who played as a winger, usually on the left flank.

He was once the world's most expensive footballer, when he moved from Torino to Silvio Berlusconi's Milan for £13 million in 1992.

James Lentini

James Lentini (born February 7, 1958 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American composer, guitarist, and academic administrator.

After completing undergraduate studies at Wayne State University in guitar performance and composition, he pursued a master‘s degree in composition at Michigan State University and a doctorate from the University of Southern California, where he studied composition with Robert Linn and Morten Lauridsen. In addition to composing, Lentini is a guitarist who has studied with William Kanengiser, Joe Fava, and Charles Postlewate.

Jeffrey Jey

Gianfranco Randone, known by his stage name Jeffrey Jey (born 5 January 1970), is an Italian musician and singer-songwriter, best known as the lead singer of the group Eiffel 65 (1998–2005, 2010–present). He was also the lead singer of the groups Bliss Team (1992–1997) and Bloom 06 (2005–2010). After Eiffel 65's reunion in June 2010, he is currently touring Italy and Europe with the band. In addition to singing, Jey also plays bass guitar, electric guitar, drums and keyboards.

Jey spent time in Brooklyn prior to the formation of Eiffel 65 and is fluent in English.

Lago di Lentini

Lago di Lentini is a lake in the Province of Siracusa, Sicily, Italy. It is the largest lake on the Island and is named after Lanfranco Lentini, a distinguished knight, who was head of the family. In 813 AD, he bravely defended his home city, which was thus named in his honor along with the lake.

Licinia Lentini

Licinia Lentini (born 4 March 1959) is an Italian actress and television personality. She was sometimes credited as Lilian Lacy and Licia Lee Lyon.

List of railway stations in Sicily

This is the list of the railway stations in Sicily owned by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana, a branch of the Italian state company Ferrovie dello Stato.

Marie-Hélène Lentini

Marie-Hélène Lentini is a French actress and comedian.

Palagonia

Palagonia (Sicilian: Palagunìa, Latin: Palica) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Catania in the Italian region Sicily, located about 150 kilometres (93 mi) southeast of Palermo and about 35 kilometres (22 mi) southwest of Catania.

Palagonia borders the following municipalities: Lentini, Militello in Val di Catania, Mineo, Ramacca.

Paradise Hotel

Paradise Hotel is an American reality television program. In the show, a group of singles live in a luxurious hotel resort, competing to see who can stay in the hotel the longest. Each week, the contestants pair off into couples, and must share a hotel room together. One person is left over, and he or she must either pair up in the following episode, or leave the hotel to be replaced by a new contestant. The format was created by Mentorn, a British production company, which has produced various versions of the show around the world.The show premiered on Fox in 2003, and was hosted by Amanda Byram. A second season, also hosted by Byram, was broadcast on MyNetworkTV and Fox Reality Channel in 2008. Fox began airing a third season in 2019, with a new host, Kristin Cavallari.

Ramón Lentini

Ramón Lentini (born 24 October 1988 in Posadas) is an Argentine football striker who plays for San Luis.

Sicilian School

The Sicilian School was a small community of Sicilian, and to a lesser extent, mainland Italian poets gathered around Frederick II, most of them belonging to his court, the Magna Curia. Headed by Giacomo da Lentini, they produced more than three-hundred poems of courtly love between 1230 and 1266, the experiment being continued after Frederick's death by his son, Manfred.

Sicula Leonzio

Sicula Leonzio, also commonly known as Leonzio, is an Italian football club located in Lentini.

It currently participates in the 2018–19 Serie C.

Stefano Lentini

Stefano Lentini (born 26 November 1974) is a music composer based in Rome, Italy. He has composed and produced music extensively for film, television and theatre, working in a large variety of genres.

He is the only Italian composer (along with Ennio Morricone) to be represented in US by "The Gorfaine/Schwartz Agency".His first instrument was a classic guitar made by his grandfather, who was a carpenter, out of some old wardrobe doors. He started composing and recording music at a very early age. A multi-instrumentalist, Lentini is known for his use of original tunes on guitar, but also plays piano, bass, drums, flute, lute and several other instruments, often playing all of these on his albums through the use of multitrack recording. This multitude of instruments, including string orchestrations, figure prominently in his compositions, giving his music a symphonic sound.

Stefano Lentini’s television work has screened in Italy and around the world, and includes the Tv Series The Red Door, Braccialetti Rossi SE01-SE02-SE03" (International Emmy Kids Awards nominee), "El Maestro", Bakhita, Drawn for Jury Duty.

He composed the soundtrack for feature films “Maresia” (Premiered at 2015 Festival des Films du Monde, Montreal), “The Nest of the Turtledove” (Best Ukrainian Film Odessa 2016), “Grazing The Wall” (Selected at 69th Venice International Film Festival).

His album Stabat Mater was iTunes Top 10 Original Score Albums in Belgium, Italy, France, Hong Kong, Singapore and Taiwan. It was No.1 in Hong Kong.

Lentini makes use of a variety of instruments, often playing many of them himself on the same track and writes music in various time signatures. He is considered part of the cross-chamber music, but his influences are very broad. His music has been likened to orchestral, ambient music, world music and aesthetically compared to the film music of Ennio Morricone and Alexandre Desplat. Lentini' music often has spiritual themes, and many songs draw inspiration from real stories.

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