Lefevre Peninsula

The Lefevre Peninsula is a peninsula located in the Australian state of South Australia located about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) northwest of the Adelaide city centre. It is a narrow sand spit[2] of about 30 square kilometres running north from its connection to the mainland.

Lefevre Peninsula
South Australia
Barker Inlet location
The Lefevre Peninsula is on the west side of the Port River
Lefevre Peninsula is located in South Australia
Lefevre Peninsula
Lefevre Peninsula
Coordinates34°48′33″S 138°29′49″E / 34.809275°S 138.497066°ECoordinates: 34°48′33″S 138°29′49″E / 34.809275°S 138.497066°E[1]

Location and extent

Lefevre Peninsula located on the east coast of Gulf St Vincent about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north-west of the Adelaide city centre. The peninsula is bounded to the west by Gulf St Vincent and to the north and the east by the Port River. The southern boundary of the “topographical peninsula” has been determined by the Surveyor General of South Australia as being Recreation Road in the suburb of Semaphore Park as “an examination of old plans indicate that boats could have navigated the Port Adelaide River to approximately this point.”[1]

Description

The western, Gulf St Vincent, coast of the peninsula consists of a continuous stretch of fine, white sand beaches. The eastern side is defined and separated from the mainland by the Barker Inlet and Port River. Torrens Island lies nearby to the east. To the east of the base of the peninsula is the suburb of Port Adelaide. Much of the peninsula has been developed, with residential areas extending inland from the western beaches, and heavy industries concentrated along the Port River waterfront on its eastern shore.

The peninsula has strong maritime associations due to its proximity to Port Adelaide, the Port River and Outer Harbor. Collins class submarines were built at the suburb of Osborne. Cement production also occurs on the peninsula at Birkenhead. In 1999, the Pelican Point Power Station was established at the northeastern tip of the peninsula adjacent to the Port River.[3]

Lefevre Peninsula also contains several sailing clubs and golf clubs and the popular Semaphore Road foreshore. The Outer Harbor railway line runs through the peninsula from Ethelton to Outer Harbor.

Naming

It was named by Governor John Hindmarsh on 3 June 1837 after Sir John George Shaw-Lefevre, who was one of South Australia's Colonisation Commissioners.[1][4]

History

European use

European settlement commenced in the early 1840s.[5] Before it was developed, much of the coastline was covered with mangroves. The land was extensively covered with bush, with such plants as wattle, sheoak and other native species.[6] The peninsula now has a wind swept feel due to the clearance of these plants.

Governance

The Lefevre Peninsula is located within the local government area of the City of Port Adelaide Enfield, the state electoral districts of Lee and Port Adelaide and federal divisions of Hindmarsh and Port Adelaide.[7][8][9][10][1]

The following suburbs are located on the Lefevre Peninsula: Birkenhead, Ethelton, Exeter, Glanville, Largs Bay, Largs North, New Port, North Haven, Osborne, Outer Harbor, Peterhead, Semaphore, the northern end of Semaphore Park, Semaphore South and Taperoo.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Search result for "Lefevre Peninsula, PEN" with the following datasets selected - "Suburbs and Localities" and "Gazetteer"". Location SA Map Viewer. South Australian government. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  2. ^ Bowman, G. & Harvey, N. (1986): Geomorphic Evolution of a Holocene Beach-Ridge Complex, LeFevre Peninsula, South Australia. Journal of Coastal Research 2(3):345-362
  3. ^ Pelican Point Power Station, International Power plc Australia, 2007.
  4. ^ "Lefevre Peninsula, Nomenclature". Place Names of South Australia. State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  5. ^ Couper-Smartt, John; Courtney, Christine; South Australian Maritime Museum. Friends (2003), Port Adelaide : tales from a "commodious harbour", Friends of the South Australian Maritime Museum, p. 171, ISBN 978-0-646-42058-5
  6. ^ Couper-Smartt, John; Courtney, Christine; South Australian Maritime Museum. Friends (2003), Port Adelaide : tales from a "commodious harbour", Friends of the South Australian Maritime Museum, p. 23, ISBN 978-0-646-42058-5
  7. ^ "Federal electoral division of Hindmarsh, boundary gazetted 16 December 2011" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Federal electoral division of Port Adelaide" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  9. ^ "District of Lee Background Profile". Electoral Commission SA. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  10. ^ "Port Adelaide electorate boundaries as of 2014". Electoral Commission SA. Retrieved 11 May 2016.

External links

Birkenhead, South Australia

Birkenhead is a north-western suburb of Adelaide 14 km from the CBD, on the Lefevre Peninsula, in the state of South Australia, Australia, and lies within the City of Port Adelaide Enfield. It is adjacent to Peterhead, Exeter and Glanville. It is bounded to the south by the Gawler Reach of the Port River, to the north by Hargrave Street and in the west and east by the Outer Harbor railway line and the Port River respectively.

It was laid out on section 700, Hundred of Port Adelaide by Thomas Elder and John Hart.

Birkenhead Post Office opened around 1884.Birkenhead is essentially a residential suburb, with industrial harbourside development on the southern and eastern shores of the suburb. It is notable for the Birkenhead Bridge, which formerly opened on a regular basis so that boats could pass along the Port River. It is also the site of a third Port River crossing, the Port River Expressway. It includes the opening Tom "Diver" Derrick bridge, designed to ease traffic congestion in the area and opened in August 2008, adjacent to the opening Mary MacKillop railway bridge.

The Birkenhead Bridge and the former HMAS Encounter Naval Drill Hall are listed on the South Australian Heritage Register.

District Council of Glanville

The District Council of Glanville was a local government area in South Australia from 1864 to 1888.

District Council of Lefevre's Peninsula

The District Council of Lefevre's Peninsula was a local government area in South Australia centred on the Lefevre Peninsula from 1872 to 1884.

Ethelton, South Australia

Ethelton is a north-western suburb of Adelaide 13 km from the CBD, on the LeFevre Peninsula, in the state of South Australia, Australia and is within the City of Port Adelaide Enfield. It is adjacent to Semaphore, Semaphore South and Glanville. It is bounded to the north by Hart Street, to the south by Bower Road and in the west and east by the Swan Terrace and the Port River, respectively.

Ethelton is a residential suburb.

Exeter, South Australia

Exeter is a north-western suburb of Adelaide 14 km from the CBD, on the LeFevre Peninsula, in the state of South Australia, Australia and falls under the City of Port Adelaide Enfield. It is adjacent to Semaphore, Birkenhead, Largs Bay and Glanville. C It is bounded to the south by Exmouth Road, to the north by Hargrave Street and in the east and west by the Outer Harbor railway line and Woolnough Road respectively.

Exeter is essentially a residential suburb.

Glanville, South Australia

Glanville is a north western suburb of Adelaide, in the City of Port Adelaide Enfield.

Largs Bay, South Australia

Largs Bay is a suburb in the Australian state of South Australia located on the Lefevre Peninsula in the west of Adelaide about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) northwest of the Adelaide city centre.

Largs North, South Australia

Largs North is a suburb in the Australian state of South Australia located on the Lefevre Peninsula in the west of Adelaide about 17 kilometres (11 mi) northwest of the Adelaide city centre.

New Port, South Australia

New Port is a north-western suburb of Adelaide.New Port is located in the state electoral seat of Lee and the federal electoral seat of Port Adelaide. It was created in 2007 from parts of Glanville, Ethelton, Semaphore Park and Birkenhead. There is limited access to the suburb due to it being between the Port River and the Outer Harbor railway line.The historic Fletcher's Slip Precinct at 230-246 Semaphore Road is listed on the South Australian Heritage Register.

North Haven, South Australia

North Haven is a north-western suburb of Adelaide 20 km from the CBD, in the state of South Australia, Australia and falls under the City of Port Adelaide Enfield. It is adjacent to Osborne and Outer Harbor. The postcode for North Haven is 5018. It is bounded to the north and east by Oliver Rogers and Victoria Road, to the south by Marmora Terrace and the west by Gulf St Vincent.

A small residential area that lies north of the Gulf Point Marina is often referred to as being a part of Outer Harbor (though it still lies within the boundaries of North Haven).

Osborne, South Australia

Osborne is a suburb in the Australian state of South Australia located on the LeFevre Peninsula in the west of Adelaide about 21 kilometres (13 miles) north-west of the Adelaide city centre.

Outer Harbor, South Australia

Outer Harbor is a suburb in the Australian state of South Australia located at the northern tip of the Lefevre Peninsula about 22 kilometres (14 mi) north-west of the Adelaide city centre.

Pelican Point Power Station

The Pelican Point Power Station is located at Pelican Point, 20 km from the centre of Adelaide, South Australia on the Lefevre Peninsula. It is operated by Engie (previously known as GDF Suez Australian Energy), which owns 72 per cent of the power station. Mitsui owns the remaining 28 per cent. It burns natural gas in a combined cycle power station, comprising two 160 MW gas turbines and one 165 MW steam turbine, to generate up to 485 MW of electricity.Construction began in 1999. The plant has two GT13E2 gas turbines manufactured by ABB (now Alstom). The plant, including steam turbine and heat recovery steam generator (HRSG), was manufactured and constructed by ABB.

Fuel is supplied via either the SEAGas pipeline, which runs from the Iona Gas Plant in Victoria to the Pelican Point power station, or the Moomba Adelaide Pipeline System (MAPS), which supplies gas from Moomba to Adelaide.

Peterhead, South Australia

Peterhead is a north-western suburb of Adelaide 15 km from the CBD, on the LeFevre Peninsula, in the state of South Australia, Australia and falls under the City of Port Adelaide Enfield. It is adjacent to Largs Bay and Birkenhead. The postcode for Peterhead is 5016. It is bounded to the north by Wills Street, to the south by Hargrave Street and in the west and east by the Outer Harbor railway line and the Port River respectively.

Semaphore, South Australia

Semaphore is a suburb in the Australian state of South Australia located in north-west of Adelaide on the Gulf St Vincent coastline of the LeFevre Peninsula about 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from the Adelaide city centre.

Semaphore Park, South Australia

Semaphore Park is a suburb in the Australian state of South Australia located in the west of Adelaide on the coastline of Gulf St Vincent. The northern end of the suburb is considered to be located within the Lefevre Peninsula.Semaphore Park originally started as a private sub-division in Section 64 in the cadastral unit of the Hundred of Yatala under the names of New Liverpool and Mellor Park (named for Thomas Mellor). Portions were added to the suburb of West Lakes Shore in October 2002 and October 2004 while in July 2007, land was removed from Semaphore Park and the suburbs of Birkenhead, Ethelton and Glanville to “create the new suburb of New Port”.Glanville Blocks Post Office opened on 1 September 1896, was renamed Semaphore Park in 1947 and was replaced by the West Lakes Shore office in 1997.The Fort Glanville Conservation Park is located within the boundaries of Semaphore Park.Semaphore Park is located within the federal division of Hindmarsh, the state electoral district of Lee and the local government area of the City of Charles Sturt.

Semaphore South, South Australia

Semaphore South is a beachside suburb of Adelaide, in the City of Port Adelaide Enfield.

The Semaphore South Post Office opened on 3 November 1947 and closed in 1978.

Taperoo, South Australia

Taperoo is a suburb in the Australian state of South Australia located on the LeFevre Peninsula in the west of Adelaide about 18 kilometres (11 mi) north-west of the Adelaide city centre.

Victoria Road, Adelaide

Victoria Road (State Route A16) is major road in Adelaide, South Australia, connecting Port Adelaide to Outer Harbor on the LeFevre Peninsula.

It is a part of the A16 State Route, which begins in the suburb of Vista, as Grand Junction Road. It then continues as Bower Road, Causeway Road, Semaphore Road and Nelson Street. Victoria Road is simply the last section.

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