Lee Marvin

Lee Marvin (February 19, 1924 – August 29, 1987) was an American film and television actor.[1]

Known for his distinctive voice and premature white hair, Marvin initially appeared in supporting roles, mostly villains, soldiers, and other hardboiled characters. A prominent television role was that of Detective Lieutenant Frank Ballinger in the NBC crime series M Squad (1957–1960).

One of Marvin's most notable film projects was Cat Ballou (1965), a comedy Western in which he played dual roles. For portraying both gunfighter Kid Shelleen and criminal Tim Strawn, he won the Academy Award for Best Actor, along with a BAFTA Award, a Golden Globe Award, an NBR Award, and the Silver Bear for Best Actor.

Lee Marvin
Lee marvin 1971
Marvin in 1971
BornFebruary 19, 1924
DiedAugust 29, 1987 (aged 63)
Resting placeArlington National Cemetery
ResidenceTucson, Arizona, U.S.
EducationManumit School
St. Leo College Preparatory School
OccupationActor
Years active1948–1986
Spouse(s)
Betty Ebeling
(m. 1951; div. 1967)

Pamela Feeley
(m. 1970)
Partner(s)Michelle Triola (1965–1970)
Children4
Military career
Allegiance United States
Service/branchSeal of the United States Marine Corps.svg United States Marine Corps
RankUSMC-E2.svg Private First Class
Unit24th Marine Regiment, 4th Marine Division
Battles/warsWorld War II -Battle of Saipan
AwardsPurple Heart ribbon.svg Purple Heart Medal

Early life

Marvin was born in New York City. He was the son of two working professionals, Lamont Waltman Marvin, an advertising executive and later the head of the New York and New England Apple Institute, and Courtenay Washington (née Davidge), a well respected fashion and beauty writer/editor.[2]

As with his elder brother, Robert, he was named in honor of Confederate General Robert E. Lee, who was his first cousin, four times removed. His father was a direct descendant of Matthew Marvin Sr., who emigrated from Great Bentley, Essex, England, in 1635, and helped found Hartford, Connecticut.[2]

Marvin studied violin when he was young.[3] As a teenager, Marvin "spent weekends and spare time hunting deer, puma, wild turkey, and bobwhite in the wilds of the then-uncharted Everglades".[4]

He attended Manumit School, a Christian socialist boarding school in Pawling, New York, during the late 1930s, and later attended St. Leo College Preparatory School, a Catholic school in St. Leo, Florida, after being expelled from several other schools for bad behavior.[5]

Military service

World War II

Marvin left school at 18 to enlist in the United States Marine Corps Reserve on August 12, 1942. He served with the 4th Marine Division in the Pacific Theater during World War II.[6] While serving as a member of "I" Company, 3rd Battalion, 24th Marines, 4th Marine Division, he was wounded in action on June 18, 1944, during the assault on Mount Tapochau in the Battle of Saipan, during which most of his company were casualties.[7] He was hit by machine gun fire, which severed his sciatic nerve,[8] and then was hit again in the foot by a sniper.[9] After over a year of medical treatment in naval hospitals, Marvin was given a medical discharge with the rank of private first class (he had been a corporal years earlier but had been demoted after causing trouble)[9] in 1945 Philadelphia.[10]

Marvin's military awards include: the Purple Heart Medal, the Presidential Unit Citation, the American Campaign Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, and the World War II Victory Medal, Combat Action Ribbon.

Acting career

Lee Marvin Twilight Zone 1961
Lee Marvin in "The Grave", a 1961 episode of The Twilight Zone

Early acting career

After the war, while working as a plumber's assistant at a local community theatre in upstate New York, Marvin was asked to replace an actor who had fallen ill during rehearsals. He caught the acting bug and got a job with the company at $7 a week. He moved to Greenwich Village and used the GI Bill to study at the American Theatre Wing.[11][12]

He appeared on stage in a production of Uniform of Flesh, an adaptation of Billy Budd (1949).[13] It was done at the Experimental Theatre, where a few months later Marvin also appeared in The Nineteenth Hole of Europe (1949).[14]

Marvin began appearing on television shows like Escape, The Big Story, and Treasury Men in Action.

He made it to Broadway with a small role in a production of Uniform of Flesh, now called Billy Budd in February 1951.[15]

Hollywood

Marvin's film debut was in You're in the Navy Now (1951), directed by Henry Hathaway, a film which also marked the debuts of Charles Bronson and Jack Warden. This required some filming in Hollywood. Marvin decided to stay there.[11]

He had a similar small part in Teresa (1951) directed by Fred Zinnemann. As a decorated combat veteran, Marvin was a natural in war dramas, where he frequently assisted the director and other actors in realistically portraying infantry movement, arranging costumes, and the use of firearms.

He guest starred on episodes of Fireside Theatre, Suspense and Rebound. Hathaway used him again on Diplomatic Courier (1952) and he could be seen in Down Among the Sheltering Palms (1952), directed by Edmund Goulding, We're Not Married! (1952), also for Goulding, The Duel at Silver Creek (1952) directed by Don Siegel, and Hangman's Knot (1952), directed by Roy Huggins.

He guest starred on Biff Baker, U.S.A. and Dragnet, and had a decent role in a feature with Eight Iron Men (1952), a war film produced by Stanley Kramer (Marvin's role had been played on Broadway by Burt Lancaster).[16]

He was a sergeant in Seminole (1953), a Western directed by Budd Boetticher, and was a corporal in The Glory Brigade (1953), a Korean War film.

Marvin guest starred in The Doctor, The Revlon Mirror Theater , Suspense again and The Motorola Television Hour.

He was now in much demand for Westerns: The Stranger Wore a Gun (1953) with Randolph Scott, and Gun Fury (1953) with Rock Hudson.

The Big Heat and The Wild One

Marvin received much acclaim for his portrayal as villains in two films: The Big Heat (1953) where he played Gloria Grahame's vicious boyfriend, directed by Fritz Lang; and The Wild One (1953) opposite Marlon Brando (Marvin's gang in the film was called "The Beetles"), produced by Kramer.[17]

He continued on TV shows such as The Plymouth Playhouse and The Pepsi-Cola Playhouse. He had support roles in Gorilla at Large (1954) and had a notable small role as smart-aleck sailor Meatball in The Caine Mutiny (1954), produced by Kramer.[11]

Marvin was in The Raid (1954), Center Stage, Medic and TV Reader's Digest.[18]

He had an excellent part as Hector, the small-town hood in Bad Day at Black Rock (1955) with Spencer Tracy.[19] Also in 1955, he played a conflicted, brutal bank-robber in Violent Saturday. A latter-day critic wrote of the character, "Marvin brings a multi-faceted complexity to the role and gives a great example of the early promise that launched his long and successful career."[20]

Marvin played Robert Mitchum's friend in Not as a Stranger (1955), a medical drama produced by Kramer. He had good support roles in A Life in the Balance (1955) (he was third billed), and Pete Kelly's Blues (1955) and appeared on TV in Jane Wyman Presents The Fireside Theatre and Studio One in Hollywood.

Marvin was in I Died a Thousand Times (1955) with Jack Palance, Shack Out on 101 (1955), Kraft Theatre, and Front Row Center.

Aldrich Attack movie trailer screenshot2
Marvin in Attack

Marvin was the villain in 7 Men from Now (1956) with Randolph Scott directed by Boetticher. He was second billed to Palance in Attack (1956) directed by Robert Aldrich.

Marvin had good roles in Pillars of the Sky (1956) with Jeff Chandler, The Rack (1956) with Paul Newman, Raintree County (1956) and The Missouri Traveler (1958). He also guest starred on Climax! (several times), Studio 57, The United States Steel Hour and Schlitz Playhouse.

M Squad

Lee Marvin 1959
Marvin in 1959 from the set of M Squad

Marvin finally got to be a leading man in 100 episodes as Chicago cop Frank Ballinger in the successful 1957–1960 television series M Squad. One critic described the show as "a hyped-up, violent Dragnet ... with a hard-as-nails Marvin" playing a tough police lieutenant. Marvin received the role after guest-starring in a memorable Dragnet episode as a serial killer.[21]

When the series ended Marvin appeared on Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse, Sunday Showcase, The Barbara Stanwyck Show, The Americans, Wagon Train, Checkmate, General Electric Theater, Alcoa Premiere, The Investigators, Route 66 (he was injured during a fight scene[22]), Ben Casey, Bonanza, The Untouchables (several times), The Virginian, The Twilight Zone ("The Grave", "Steel") and The Dick Powell Theatre.[23]

Early 1960s

Marvin returned to features with a prominent role in The Comancheros (1961) starring John Wayne. He played in two more films with Wayne, both directed by John Ford: The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962), and Donovan's Reef (1963). As the vicious Liberty Valance, Marvin played his first title role and held his own with two of the screen's biggest stars (Wayne and James Stewart).[24]

He continued to guest star on shows like Combat!, Dr. Kildare and The Great Adventure. He did The Case Against Paul Ryker for Kraft Suspense Theatre.

For director Don Siegel, Marvin appeared in The Killers (1964) playing an efficient professional assassin alongside Clu Gulager. The Killers was also the first film in which Marvin received top billing.[25]

He guest starred on Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre.

Cat Ballou and stardom

Marvin finally became a star for his comic role in the offbeat Western Cat Ballou starring Jane Fonda. This was a surprise hit and Marvin won the 1965 Academy Award for Best Actor. He also won the 1965 Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 15th Berlin International Film Festival.[26]

Playing alongside Vivien Leigh and Simone Signoret, Marvin won the 1966 National Board of Review Award for male actors for his role in Ship of Fools (1965) directed by Kramer.[N 1][30]

Marvin next performed in the hit Western The Professionals (1966), in which he played the leader of a small band of skilled mercenaries (Burt Lancaster, Robert Ryan, and Woody Strode) rescuing a kidnap victim (Claudia Cardinale) shortly after the Mexican Revolution.

He followed that film with the hugely successful World War II epic The Dirty Dozen (1967) in which top-billed Marvin again portrayed an intrepid commander of a colorful group (future stars John Cassavetes, Charles Bronson, Telly Savalas, Jim Brown, and Donald Sutherland) performing an almost impossible mission. Robert Aldrich directed.

In the wake of these two films and after having received an Oscar, Marvin was a huge star, given enormous control over his next film Point Blank. In Point Blank, an influential film for director John Boorman, he portrayed a hard-nosed criminal bent on revenge. Marvin, who had selected Boorman himself for the director's slot, had a central role in the film's development, plot line, and staging.[23]

In 1968, Marvin also appeared in another Boorman film, the critically acclaimed but commercially unsuccessful World War II character study Hell in the Pacific, also starring famed Japanese actor Toshiro Mifune. John Boorman recounted his work with Lee Marvin on these two films and Marvin's influence on his career in the 1998 documentary Lee Marvin: A Personal Portrait by John Boorman. Paul Ryker, which Marvin shot for TV in 1963 was released theatrically as Sergeant Ryker.[31]

Marvin was originally cast as Pike Bishop (later played by William Holden) in The Wild Bunch (1969), but fell out with director Sam Peckinpah and pulled out to star in the Western musical Paint Your Wagon (1969), in which he was top-billed over a singing Clint Eastwood. Despite his limited singing ability, he had a hit song with "Wand'rin' Star". By this time, he was getting paid a million dollars per film, $200,000 less than top star Paul Newman was making at the time, yet he was ambivalent about the film business, even with its financial rewards:[3]

You spend the first forty years of your life trying to get in this business, and the next forty years trying to get out. And then when you're making the bread, who needs it?

1970s

Marvin had a much greater variety of roles in the 1970s, with fewer 'bad-guy' roles than in earlier years. His 1970s films included Monte Walsh (1970), a Western with Palance and Jeanne Moreau; the violent Prime Cut (1972) with Gene Hackman; Pocket Money (1972) with Paul Newman, for Stuart Rosenberg; Emperor of the North (1973) opposite Ernest Borgnine for Aldrich; as Hickey in The Iceman Cometh (1973) with Fredric March and Robert Ryan, for John Frankenheimer; The Spikes Gang (1974) with Noah Beery Jr. for Richard Fleischer; The Klansman (1974) with Richard Burton; Shout at the Devil (1976), a World War One adventure with Roger Moore, directed by Peter Hunt; The Great Scout and Cathouse Thursday (1976), a comic Western with Oliver Reed; and Avalanche Express (1978), a Cold War thriller with Robert Shaw who died during production. None of these films were big box office hits.[32][33]

Marvin was offered the role of Quint in Jaws (1975) but declined, stating "What would I tell my fishing friends who'd see me come off a hero against a dummy shark?".[34]

1980s

Marvin's last big role was in Samuel Fuller's The Big Red One (1980), a war film based on Fuller's own war experiences.

His remaining films were Death Hunt (1981), a Canadian action film with Charles Bronson, directed by Hunt; Gorky Park (1983) with William Hurt; and Dog Day (1984), shot in France.[23]

For TV he did The Dirty Dozen: Next Mission (1985; a sequel with Marvin, Ernest Borgnine, and Richard Jaeckel picking up where they had left off despite being 18 years older).

His final appearance was in The Delta Force (1986) with Chuck Norris, playing a role turned down by Charles Bronson.[35][36]

Personal life

Marvin was a Democrat who opposed the Vietnam War. He publicly endorsed John F. Kennedy in the 1960 presidential election.[25]

Marriages, loves and children

Marvin married Betty Ebeling in February 1951 and together they had four children, son Christopher Lamont (1952–2013),[37] and three daughters: Courtenay Lee (b. 1954), Cynthia Louise (b. 1956), and Claudia Leslie (1958–2012).[38][39] Married 16 years, they divorced in 1967.

Marvin married Pamela Feeley in October 1970. She had four children with three previous husbands, they had no children together. They were married until his death.[40]

Community property case

See also Marvin v. Marvin

In 1971, Marvin was sued by Michelle Triola, his live-in girlfriend from 1965 to 1970, who legally changed her surname to "Marvin".[3] Although the couple never married, she sought financial compensation similar to that available to spouses under California's alimony and community property laws. Triola claimed Marvin made her pregnant three times and paid for two abortions, while one pregnancy ended in miscarriage.[41] She claimed the second abortion left her unable to bear children.[41] The result was the landmark "palimony" case, Marvin v. Marvin, 18 Cal. 3d 660 (1976).[42]

In 1979, Marvin was ordered to pay $104,000 to Triola for "rehabilitation purposes", but the court denied her community property claim for one-half of the $3.6 million which Marvin had earned during their six years of cohabitation – distinguishing nonmarital relationship contracts from marriage, with community property rights only attaching to the latter by operation of law. Rights equivalent to community property only apply in nonmarital relationship contracts when the parties expressly, whether orally or in writing, contract for such rights to operate between them. In August 1981, the California Court of Appeal found that no such contract existed between them and nullified the award she had received.[43][44] Michelle Triola died of lung cancer on October 30, 2009, having been with actor Dick Van Dyke since 1976.[45]

Later there was controversy after Marvin characterized the trial as a "circus", saying "everyone was lying, even I lied". There were official comments about possibly charging Marvin with perjury, but no charges were filed.[46]

This case was used as fodder for a mock debate skit on Saturday Night Live called "Point Counterpoint",[47] and on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson as a skit with Carson as Adam, and Betty White as Eve.[48]

Death

Pfc Lee Marvin cemetery headstone
Grave of Lee Marvin at Arlington National Cemetery

In December 1986, Marvin was hospitalized for more than two weeks because of a condition related to coccidioidomycosis. He went into respiratory distress and was administered steroids to help his breathing. He had major intestinal ruptures as a result, and underwent a colectomy. Marvin died of a heart attack on August 29, 1987, aged 63.[49] He was buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery.[50][51]

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes
1951 You're in the Navy Now Radio Man Uncredited, film debut
Teresa G.I. Uncredited
1952 Diplomatic Courier MP at Trieste Uncredited
We're Not Married! "Pinky" Uncredited
The Duel at Silver Creek Tinhorn Burgess
Hangman's Knot Rolph Bainter
Eight Iron Men Sgt. Joe Mooney
1953 Down Among the Sheltering Palms Pvt. Snively Uncredited
Seminole Sgt. Magruder
The Glory Brigade Cpl. Bowman
The Stranger Wore a Gun Dan Kurth
The Big Heat Vince Stone
Gun Fury Blinky
The Wild One Chino
1954 Gorilla at Large Shaughnessy, Policeman
The Caine Mutiny "Meatball"
The Raid Lt. Keating
1955 Bad Day at Black Rock Hector David
Violent Saturday Dill, Bank Robber
Not as a Stranger Brundage
A Life in the Balance The Killer
Pete Kelly's Blues Al Gannaway
I Died a Thousand Times Babe Kossuck
Shack Out on 101 Slob / Mr. Gregory
1956 Seven Men from Now Bill Masters Made by Batjac Productions, John Wayne's company.
Attack Lt. Col. Clyde Bartlett
Pillars of the Sky Sergeant Lloyd Carracart
The Rack Capt. John R. Miller
1957 Raintree County Orville "Flash" Perkins Nominated — Laurel Award for Best Male Supporting Performance
1958 The Missouri Traveler Tobias Brown
1960 Wagon Train Jose Morales Episode: "The Jose Morales Story"
1961 The Comancheros Tully Crow With John Wayne.

Nominated – Laurel Award for Best Male Supporting Performance

Wagon Train Jud Benedict Episode: "The Christopher Hale Story"
The Twilight Zone Conny Miller Episode: "The Grave"
1962 The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance Liberty Valance With John Wayne & James Stewart.

Bronze Wrangler for Best Theatrical Motion Picture
Nominated — Laurel Award for Best Action Performance

Bonanza Peter Kane Episode: "The Crucible"
1963 Donovan's Reef Thomas Aloysius "Boats" Gilhooley With John Wayne.
Sergeant Ryker Sgt. Paul Ryker Kraft Suspense Theatre
The Twilight Zone Sam "Steel" Kelly Episode: "Steel"
The Great Adventure Misok Bedrozian Episode: "Six Wagons to the Sea"
1964 The Killers Charlie Strom BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role (also for Cat Ballou)
Nominated — Laurel Award for Best Action Performance
1965 Cat Ballou Kid Shelleen and Tim Strawn Academy Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role (also for The Killers)
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Laurel Award for Best Male Comedy Performance
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor (also for Ship of Fools)
Silver Bear for Best Actor
Nominated — New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Ship of Fools Bill Tenny National Board of Review Award for Best Actor (also for Cat Ballou)
1966 The Professionals Henry "Rico" Fardan Laurel Award for Best Action Performance
1967 The Dirty Dozen Major John Reisman Laurel Award for Best Action Performance
Point Blank Walker
1968 Hell in the Pacific American Pilot
1969 Paint Your Wagon Ben Rumson Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1970 Monte Walsh Monte Walsh Fotogramas de Plata Award for Best Foreign Performer
Nominated — Laurel Award for Best Action Performance
The 27th Annual Golden Globe Awards Himself (Himself – Nominee: Best Actor in a Motion Picture-Comedy / Musical) TV special Documentary
Cinema Himself episode: Lee Marvin
1972 Pocket Money Leonard
Prime Cut Nick Devlin
1973 Emperor of the North Pole A No. 1
The Iceman Cometh Hickey
AFI Life Achievement Award: A Tribute to John Ford Himself TV special Documentary
1974 The Spikes Gang Harry Spikes
The Klansman Sheriff Track Bascomb
1976 Shout at the Devil Col. Flynn O'Flynn
The Great Scout & Cathouse Thursday Sam Longwood
1979 Avalanche Express Col. Harry Wargrave
1980 The Big Red One The Sergeant
1981 Death Hunt Sergeant Edgar Millen
1983 Gorky Park Jack Osborne
1984 Dog Day Jimmy Cobb
1985 The Dirty Dozen: Next Mission Maj. John Reisman
1986 The Delta Force Col. Nick Alexander (final film role)

Television appearances

Marvin's appearances on television included Suspense (1 episode, 1950), Rebound, M Squad, Climax!, Biff Baker, U.S.A., Dragnet, The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, The Ford Show Starring Tennessee Ernie Ford, General Electric Theater, The Americans, The Investigators, The Barbara Stanwyck Show, Route 66, The Untouchables, Checkmate, The Dick Powell Show, Combat!, The Twilight Zone, Kraft Suspense Theatre, Dr. Kildare, Wagon Train, Bonanza, Perry Mason (The Case of the Angry Astronaut), The Virginian and The Muppet Show.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ The film proved to be Leigh's last film and her anguished portrayal of a desperate older woman was punctuated by her real-life "battle with demons".[27] Leigh's performance was tinged by paranoia and resulted in outbursts that marred her relationship with other actors, although both Simone Signoret and Marvin were sympathetic and understanding.[28] In one unusual instance, she hit Marvin so hard with a spiked shoe, it marked his face.[29]

Citations

  1. ^ Obituary Variety, September 2, 1987.
  2. ^ a b "Lee Marvin's ancestors", freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com; retrieved October 11, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Ebert, Roger. "An interview with Lee Marvin." Chicago Sun-Times for Esquire, October 1970.
  4. ^ "Elk Hunting with Lee Marvin." Gun World, May 1964; retrieved October 11, 2013.
  5. ^ Zec 1980, pp. 20–25.
  6. ^ Wise and Rehill 1999, p. 43.
  7. ^ Zec 1980, p. 38.
  8. ^ Rafael, George (February 15, 2007). "The real thing: Marvin and Point Blank". The First Post. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Hollywood Veterans in Arlington National Cemetery: Lee Marvin". Comet Over Hollywood.
  10. ^ "Captain Kangaroo Court", Snopes, May 24, 2009; retrieved August 13, 2015.
  11. ^ a b c Hanging Tough with Lee Marvin Wilson, Jane. Los Angeles Times (1923–1995); Los Angeles, Calif. [Los Angeles, Calif]27 Aug 1967: m37.
  12. ^ Epstein 2013, p. 67.
  13. ^ Experimental Theatre Stages Sea Drama Made From One of Herman Melville's Minor Novels By BROOKS ATKINSON. New York Times (1923-Current file); New York, N.Y. [New York, N.Y]31 Jan 1949: 15.
  14. ^ AT THE THEATRE: Vivian Connell's 'The Nineteenth Hole of Europe' Put on By the Experimental Theatre By BROOKS ATKINSON. New York Times 28 Mar 1949: 16.
  15. ^ 'BILLY BUDD' MAKES ITS DEBUT TONIGHT: Coxe-Chapman Play Based on Melville Novel Will Arrive at the Biltmore Theatre "New York Times 10 Feb 1951: 22.
  16. ^ FILMLAND BRIEFS Los Angeles Times 14 Feb 1952: A10.
  17. ^ David Brian to 'Reform' as Safecracker; More Three-D Work on Foot Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 31 Jan 1953: 9.
  18. ^ Lee Marvin---an Extra Something Alpert, Don. Los Angeles Times (1923–1995); Los Angeles, Calif. [Los Angeles, Calif]06 Feb 1966: m4.
  19. ^ Epstein 2013, pp. 95–96.
  20. ^ "Film Noir of the Week: Violent Saturday (1955)". www.noiroftheweek.com. Retrieved 2016-04-09.
  21. ^ Epstein 2013, p. 79.
  22. ^ Lee Marvin Is Injured New York Times (1923-Current file); New York, N.Y. [New York, N.Y]16 Aug 1961: 63.
  23. ^ a b c Lee Marvin, Menacing Gunman of Films, Dies: [Home Edition] Baker, Bob; Morrison, Patt. Los Angeles Times 30 Aug 1987: 1.
  24. ^ Epstein 2013, p. 124.
  25. ^ a b Epstein 2013, p. 135.
  26. ^ "Berlinale 1965: Prize Winners". Internationale Filmfestspiele Berlin. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  27. ^ Bean 2013, p. 155.
  28. ^ David 1995, p. 46.
  29. ^ Walker 1987, p. 281.
  30. ^ Lee Marvin: Who Needs a Million? Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times11 July 1965: A7.
  31. ^ ' I'm Mean. Tough as Nails. All Those Words.' By ROGER EBERT. New York Times 15 Dec 1968: D25.
  32. ^ Lee Marvin: Still reaching for the stars: Lee Marvin likes tough odds Dangaard, Colin. Chicago Tribune 4 June 1978: e22.
  33. ^ Lee Marvin Cometh to O'Neillr's 'Iceman' Leith, Henrietta. Los Angeles Times 7 July 1973: b9.
  34. ^ Zec 1980, p. 217.
  35. ^ Epstein 2013, p. 202.
  36. ^ MARVIN, NORRIS TO COSTAR IN 'THE DELTA FORCE' Boston Globe (3 Sep 1985: 27.
  37. ^ "Obituary: Christopher Marvin The Santa Barbara Independent".
  38. ^ Epstein 2013, p. 256.
  39. ^ "Obituary: Claudia Leslie Marvin". All-States Cremation. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  40. ^ Marvin 1997, p. 12.
  41. ^ a b Woo, Elaine. "Michelle Triola Marvin dies at 75; her legal fight with ex-lover Lee Marvin added 'palimony' to the language", Los Angeles Times, October 31, 2009. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  42. ^ "18 C3d 660: Marvin v. Marvin (1976)." online.ceb.com. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  43. ^ Laskin, Jerry. "California 'Palimony' Law; An Overview." Goldman & Kagon Law Corporation. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  44. ^ "Unmarried Cohabitant's Right to Support and Property". The People's Law Library. 7 January 2001. Archived from the original on 22 September 2006. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  45. ^ " 'Palimony' figure Michelle Triola Marvin dies", Associated Press, October 30, 2009.
  46. ^ "Lee Marvin". Jango Radio.
  47. ^ "Point Counterpoint: Lee Marvin & Michelle Triola". Archived 2012-01-16 at the Wayback Machine NBC, March 17, 1979. Retrieved: October 11, 2013.
  48. ^ "The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson." on YouTube Carson Entertainment Group, February 9, 1979, retrieved October 11, 2013.
  49. ^ Hevesi, Dennis. "Lee Marvin, Movie Tough Guy, Dies", The New York Times, August 31, 1987; retrieved October 11, 2013.
  50. ^ "Lee Marvin to be buried at Arlington". UPI. 18 September 1987. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  51. ^ Associated Press (8 October 1987). "Lee Marvin Is Buried With Military Honors". LA Times. Retrieved 2 August 2018.

Bibliography

  • Bean, Kendra. Vivien Leigh: An Intimate Portrait. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Running Press, 2013. ISBN 978-0-76245-099-2.
  • David, Catherine. Simone Signoret. New York: Overlook Press, 1995. ISBN 978-0-87951-581-2.
  • Epstein, Dwayne. Lee Marvin: Point Blank. Tucson, Arizona: Schaffner Press, Inc., 2013. ISBN 978-1-93618-240-4.
  • Marvin, Pamela. Lee: A Romance. London: Faber & Faber Limited, 1997. ISBN 978-0-571-19028-7.
  • Walker, Alexander. Vivien: The Life of Vivien Leigh. New York: Grove Press, 1987. ISBN 0-8021-3259-6.
  • Wise, James E. and Anne Collier Rehill. Stars in the Corps: Movie Actors in the United States Marines. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1999. ISBN 978-1-55750-949-9.
  • Zec, Donald. Marvin: The Story of Lee Marvin. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980. ISBN 0-312-51780-7.

External links

Attack (1956 film)

Attack, also known as Attack!, is a 1956 American war film. It was directed by Robert Aldrich and starred Jack Palance, Eddie Albert, Lee Marvin, William Smithers, Robert Strauss, Richard Jaeckel, Buddy Ebsen and Peter van Eyck. The cinematographer was Joseph Biroc.

"A cynical and grim account of war", the film is set in the latter stages of World War II and tells the story of a front-line combat unit led by a cowardly captain clearly out of his depth, as well as a tougher subordinate and an executive officer who both threaten to do away with him. As the official trailer put it: "Not every gun is pointed at the enemy!"

The film won the 1956 Italian Film Critics Award.

Avalanche Express

Avalanche Express is a 1979 Cold War adventure thriller film produced and directed by Mark Robson (his final film), about the struggle over a defecting Russian general. It stars Lee Marvin, Robert Shaw (in his final film role), Maximilian Schell, and Linda Evans. The screenplay by Abraham Polonsky was based on the 1977 novel of the same name by Colin Forbes. Both Shaw and Robson died near the end of shooting.

Cat Ballou

Cat Ballou is a 1965 American western musical comedy film starring Jane Fonda and Lee Marvin, who won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his dual role. The story involves a woman who hires a notorious gunman to protect her father's ranch, and later to avenge his murder, but finds that the gunman is not what she expected. The supporting cast features Tom Nardini, Michael Callan, Dwayne Hickman, and singers Nat King Cole and Stubby Kaye, who together perform the movie's theme song, onscreen, throughout the film.

The film was directed by Elliot Silverstein from a screenplay by Walter Newman and Frank Pierson adapted from the 1956 novel The Ballad of Cat Ballou by Roy Chanslor, who also wrote the novel filmed as Johnny Guitar. Chanslor's novel was a serious Western, and though it was turned into a comedy for the movie, the filmmakers retained some darker elements. The film references many classic Western films, notably Shane. The film was selected by the American Film Institute as the 10th greatest Western of all time in its AFI's 10 Top 10 list in 2008.

Eight Iron Men

Eight Iron Men is a 1952 American World War II drama film directed by Edward Dmytryk and produced by Stanley Kramer. It stars Bonar Colleano, Arthur Franz, Lee Marvin and Richard Kiley. The screenplay by Harry Brown was based on his 1945 play A Sound of Hunting, which had featured Burt Lancaster during its short run on Broadway.

Gun Fury

Gun Fury is a 1953 3-D American Technicolor Western film directed by Raoul Walsh and starring Rock Hudson and Donna Reed, with major supporting roles for Philip Carey and Leo Gordon. The film is based on the novel Ten Against Caesar by Kathleen B. George and Robert A. Granger. The supporting cast includes Lee Marvin and Neville Brand. It was filmed in the Red Rocks area of Sedona, Arizona.

Khonani

"Khonani" is the eighteenth episode of the fourth season of the American television comedy series 30 Rock, and the 76th overall episode of the series. It was written by co-producer Vali Chandrasekaran and directed by Beth McCarthy Miller. It originally aired on the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) network in the United States on April 22, 2010, following shortly after the episode "Lee Marvin vs. Derek Jeter" on the same night. Guest stars in this episode include Kapil Bawa and Subhas Ramsaywack.

In the episode, Jack Donaghy (Alec Baldwin) distracts himself from his romantic problems by attempting to resolve a dispute between two janitors (Bawa and Ramsaywack). Meanwhile, Liz Lemon (Tina Fey) is offended when she learns that her employees hang out outside of work but do not invite her. This episode of 30 Rock closely mirrored the feud between television hosts Jay Leno and Conan O'Brien.

"Khonani" received generally mixed reviews from television critics. According to the Nielsen ratings system, the episode was watched by 5.182 million households during its original broadcast, and received a 2.5 rating/7 share among viewers in the 18–49 demographic.

Lee Marvin vs. Derek Jeter

"Lee Marvin vs. Derek Jeter" is the seventeenth episode of the fourth season of the American television comedy series 30 Rock, and the 75th overall episode of the series. It was written by co-producer Kay Cannon and series creator Tina Fey. The episode was directed by series producer Don Scardino. It originally aired on the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) network in the United States on April 22, 2010. Guest stars in this episode include Elizabeth Banks, Will Ferrell, Steve Hely, Julianne Moore, and Ariel Shafir.

In the episode, Liz Lemon (Fey) starts making an effort to date by attending singles events with her friend Jenna Maroney (Jane Krakowski). At the same time, Jack Donaghy (Alec Baldwin) feels forced to choose between his high school sweetheart, Nancy Donovan (Moore), and news anchor Avery Jessup (Banks). Meanwhile, a racist comment sparks an office-wide debate on affirmative action and leaves James "Toofer" Spurlock (Keith Powell) with a big decision to make regarding his future at the fictitious show The Girlie Show with Tracy Jordan (TGS).

"Lee Marvin vs. Derek Jeter" received generally positive reviews from television critics. According to the Nielsen ratings system, the episode was watched by 4.216 million households during its original broadcast, and received a 1.9 rating/6 share among viewers in the 18–49 demographic. Kay Cannon and Tina Fey were nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award nomination in the category for Outstanding Writing in a Comedy Series for their work in this episode.

Liemarvin Bonevacia

Liemarvin Bonevacia (born 5 April 1989) is a Dutch sprinter who was born in Willemstad, Curaçao.

M Squad

M Squad is an American crime drama television series that ran from 1957 to 1960 on NBC. It was produced by Lee Marvin's Latimer Productions and Revue Studios. Its main sponsor was the Pall Mall cigarette brand; Lee Marvin, the program's star, appeared in its commercials during many episodes. Alternate sponsors were General Electric (GE), Hazel Bishop and Bulova watches.

Pete Kelly's Blues (film)

Pete Kelly's Blues is a 1955 musical-crime film based on the 1951 original radio series. It was directed by and starred Jack Webb in the title role of a bandleader and musician. Janet Leigh is featured as party girl Ivy Conrad, and Edmond O'Brien as a gangster who applies pressure to Kelly.

Peggy Lee portrays alcoholic jazz singer Rose Hopkins (a performance for which she received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress in a Supporting Role). Ella Fitzgerald makes a cameo as singer Maggie Jackson (a character played by a white actress in the radio series). Lee Marvin, Martin Milner, and Jayne Mansfield also make early career appearances.

Much of the dialogue was written by writers who wrote the radio series Pat Novak for Hire (1946-1949), and the radio version of Pete Kelly's Blues (1951), both of which Webb starred in for a time before creating Dragnet.

Pillars of the Sky

Pillars of the Sky is a 1956 American CinemaScope Technicolor Western film directed by George Marshall starring Jeff Chandler and Dorothy Malone, with co-stars Ward Bond, Keith Andes, Lee Marvin and Sydney Chaplin.

Row River National Recreation Trail

Row River National Recreation Trail is a rails to trails conversion in the U.S. state of Oregon. It follows the Row River for 16.2 miles (26.1 km) between Cottage Grove and Culp Creek, passing by Dorena Lake, and provides access to many forest trails of Umpqua National Forest.

The rail line was built to serve the gold and silver mining of the Bohemia mining district well up the Row River. The mines were closing by the time the rail line was complete, but the region's old-growth timber attracted many logging operations and communities that kept the rail line busy.

The Oregon Pacific & Eastern Railway abandoned the line in 1994. A timber sale default resulted in the Bureau of Land Management taking the rail corridor in exchange for payment.

There are three historic covered bridges near the trail: the Mosby Creek Bridge of 1920, Currin Bridge of 1925, and the Dorena Bridge of 1949.Several movies have been filmed along the route, including 1926's The General with Buster Keaton, 1974's Emperor of the North (Pole) with Lee Marvin and Ernest Borgnine, and 1986's Stand by Me with Keifer Sutherland and River Phoenix.

The Big Red One

The Big Red One is a 1980 epic war film written and directed by Samuel Fuller starring Lee Marvin alongside an ensemble supporting cast including Mark Hamill, Robert Carradine, Siegfried Rauch, Bobby Di Cicco, and Kelly Ward.

Based on Fuller's own experiences, it was produced independently on a lower budget, shot on location in Israel as a cost-saving measure. It was heavily cut on its original release, but a restored version, The Big Red One: The Reconstruction, premièred at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival, seven years after Fuller's death. Fuller wrote a book, with the same title, which was more a companion novel than a novelization of the film, although it features many of the scenes that were originally cut.

The Comancheros (film)

The Comancheros is a 1961 Western Deluxe CinemaScope color film directed by Michael Curtiz, based on a 1952 novel of the same name by Paul Wellman, and starring John Wayne and Stuart Whitman. The supporting cast includes Ina Balin, Lee Marvin, Nehemiah Persoff, Bruce Cabot, Jack Elam, Patrick Wayne, and Edgar Buchanan. Also featured are Western-film veterans Bob Steele, Guinn "Big Boy" Williams, and Harry Carey, Jr. in uncredited supporting roles.

When illness prevented Curtiz (director of Casablanca and The Adventures of Robin Hood) from finishing the film, Wayne took over as director, though his role remained uncredited. Curtiz died shortly after the film was completed.

The Delta Force

The Delta Force is a 1986 American action film starring Chuck Norris and Lee Marvin (in his final film appearance) as leaders of an elite squad of Special Forces troops based on the real life U.S. Army Delta Force unit. Directed, co-written and co-produced by Menahem Golan, the film features Martin Balsam, Joey Bishop, Robert Vaughn, Steve James, Robert Forster, Shelley Winters, George Kennedy, and an uncredited Liam Neeson in an early role. Two sequels were produced, entitled Delta Force 2: The Colombian Connection and the direct-to-video Delta Force 3: The Killing Game. The Delta Force was "inspired" by the hijacking of TWA Flight 847.It would be Norris' last notably successful film at the box office.

The Killers (1964 film)

The Killers, released in the UK as Ernest Hemingway's "The Killers", is a 1964 crime film released by Universal Studios. Written by Gene L. Coon, and directed by Don Siegel, it is the second Hollywood adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's 1927 short story of the same name, following the 1946 version.

The film stars Lee Marvin, John Cassavetes, Angie Dickinson, and Ronald Reagan in his final film role.

At the time of release, Marvin said that it was his favorite film. The supporting cast features Clu Gulager, Claude Akins, and Norman Fell. In July 2018, it was selected to be screened in the Venice Classics section at the 75th Venice International Film Festival.

The Sons of Lee Marvin

The Sons of Lee Marvin is a tongue-in-cheek secret society devoted to iconic American actor Lee Marvin. The sole entry requirement for the club is that one must have a physical resemblance to plausibly look like a son of Marvin.Founding member and film director Jim Jarmusch explained, "If you look like you could be a son of Lee Marvin, then you are instantly thought of by the Sons of Lee Marvin to be a Son of Lee Marvin".

Tonite Lets All Make Love in London

Tonite Lets All Make Love in London is a soundtrack album released on LP in 1968, for the 1967 semi-documentary film made by Peter Whitehead about the "swinging London" scene of the sixties. The film consists of a series of psychedelic performances and interviews and features live performance by Pink Floyd, together with footage of John Lennon, Yoko Ono, Mick Jagger, Vanessa Redgrave, Lee Marvin, Julie Christie, Allen Ginsberg, Eric Burdon, Michael Caine and many others attending one of the band's concerts.

In 1990 See for Miles Records released an expanded version of the soundtrack on CD under the title Tonite Let's All Make Love in London ...Plus (Catalog Number: SEEK 258). The album included most of the tracks from Tonite Let's All Make Love in London. Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in the Shadow? and Lady Jane by the Rolling Stones is featured in the movie but not on any version of the soundtrack album. "Interstellar Overdrive" which had only appeared in a 3.02 edited form on the original release was replaced by the previously unreleased 16:46 full-length version. Another long and previously unreleased instrumental track by Pink Floyd, the 11:50 "Nick's Boogie", was also included in this release, together with the interviews that appear in the film.

Other versions of this soundtrack have also been released. In 2001, Power House Records released a CD under the name, Pink Floyd & Friends – Interstellar Overdrive that included the full 16:49 "Interstellar Overdrive" and "Nick's Boogie" (at 11:47) by Pink Floyd, plus an interview with Mick Jagger and an introductory reading by Allen Ginsberg called "Tonight Let's All Make Love in London". However, there are other tracks by Fleetwood Mac, the Nice, the Moody Blues and others that did not appear on the original album or the See for Miles reissue.

To help promote Tonite Let's All Make Love in London...Plus, the interviews with Michael Caine and Lee Marvin and the two extended instrumental tracks, "Nick's Boogie" and "Interstellar Overdrive", were also released as a Pink Floyd CD. While the sleeve for the Pink Floyd release of Tonite Let's All Make Love in London...Plus states 'Mini Promotion – CD Sampler' this item was in fact a full release and was available for sale in many independent record stores. The interviews are also as one track, thus the CD has three tracks, although the booklet incorrectly lists the interviews as two separate tracks.

Awards for Lee Marvin

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