Lebanon locally /ˈlɛbənən/ is a city in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 13,151 at the 2010 census and an estimated 13,522 as of 2017. Lebanon is located in western New Hampshire, south of Hanover, near the Connecticut River. It is the home to Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical Center and Dartmouth Medical School, together comprising the largest medical facility between Boston, Massachusetts and Burlington, Vermont.
Together with Hanover, New Hampshire, and White River Junction, Vermont, Lebanon today is at the center of a Micropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing nearly 30 towns along the upper Connecticut River valley.
Lebanon, New Hampshire
Buildings along Park Street in downtown Lebanon
Location in Grafton County, New Hampshire
Location in USA
|• Mayor||Suzanne M. Prentiss|
|• Assistant Mayor||Timothy J. McNamara|
|• City Council|
|• City Manager||Shaun Mulholland|
|• Total||41.4 sq mi (107.1 km2)|
|• Land||40.3 sq mi (104.5 km2)|
|• Water||1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2) 2.39%|
|Elevation||581 ft (177 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||335/sq mi (129.4/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
03756, 03766 (Lebanon)
03784 (West Lebanon)
|GNIS feature ID||0867976|
Lebanon was chartered as a town by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth on July 4, 1761, one of 16 along the Connecticut River. It was named for Lebanon, Connecticut, from where many early settlers had come or would come, including the Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, who arrived in 1770 and founded Dartmouth College. Lebanon, Connecticut was the original home of Moor's Indian Charity School, the antecedent of Dartmouth College.
Early settlement concentrated along the Connecticut River in what is now West Lebanon, and along the Mascoma Lake region near Enfield. In the mid-19th century, a mill district developed at falls on the Mascoma River. Industries included, at various times, furniture mills, a tannery, several machine shops, a woolen textile mill and a clothing factory. In the mid-19th century, this district attracted many French workers from Canada's Quebec province. This became the center of town, although West Lebanon grew into a railroad hub with a separate identity after lines entered from Boston. This rail center would become known as Westboro after two trains collided when West Lebanon was mistaken for Lebanon.
The mill district, like the railroad, declined into the 1950s and 1960s. The town suffered two major fires; the second, in 1964, destroyed a large portion of the old mill district. Reconstruction resulted in a controversial urban renewal project featuring a closed-off district, called The Mall, built to replace the destroyed Hanover Street area. Partly in defiance of economic decline, and partly to counter a movement by West Lebanon to declare itself an independent town, Lebanon re-incorporated as a city in 1958.
The routing of Interstates 89 and 91 through Lebanon and nearby White River Junction, Vermont, in addition to the growth of Dartmouth College, led to the area's economic revival. The former mill town now has a mixed economy based on education, medical services, high-technology and retail. Just south of the village of West Lebanon, a major shopping district has sprung up at the intersection of Route 12A and I-89. Lebanon has undertaken improvements to its recreational facilities, including miles of hiking trails, a municipal ski area, a swimming pool and several sports fields.
In 1991, the Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical Center, along with most departments of Dartmouth Medical School, moved from Hanover to a new campus just south of the Lebanon-Hanover town line. A number of medical and high-tech firms have located facilities near the medical center campus. Tele Atlas, a leading worldwide developer of mapping databases, has its North American headquarters in Lebanon. Novo Nordisk and Microsoft also have major facilities here.
Lebanon is located at (43.643897, -72.255242).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.4 square miles (107.1 km2), of which 40.3 square miles (104.4 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) is water, comprising 2.45% of the city. The western boundary of Lebanon is the Connecticut River, which is also the state boundary with Vermont. The village of West Lebanon occupies the western part of the city, along the Connecticut River. Downtown Lebanon is 3 miles (5 km) to the east, along the Mascoma River, a tributary of the Connecticut. The city is fully within the Connecticut River watershed. The southern end of Moose Mountain is in the northeast. The highest point in Lebanon is the northern end of Shaker Mountain, at 1,657 feet (505 m) above sea level, on the eastern border of the city.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 13,151 people, 6,186 households, and 3,269 families residing in the city. The population density was 326.2 people per square mile (125.9/km²). There were 6,649 housing units at an average density of 164.9 per square mile (63.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.4% White, 1.6% African American, 0.30% Native American, 6.8% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.80% some other race, and 2.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.
There were 6,186 households out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.2% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.4% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10, and the average family size was 2.76.
In the city, the population was spread out with 20.5% from age 0-19, 6.3% from 20 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.4 years. The male population was 47.4% of the total, while the female population was 52.6%.
For the period 2011-15, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $53,004, and the median income for a family was $75,511. Male full-time workers had a median income of $51,735 versus $48,836 for females. The per capita income for the city was $36,370. About 8.7% of families and 12.3% of the entire population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 and over.
Lebanon has its own elementary schools, junior high school, and high school. Students from neighboring towns (Grantham and Plainfield) attend high school in Lebanon. On October 15, 2010, the city broke ground on a new middle school for grades 5-8 to replace an aging junior high facility and overcrowded elementary school facilities. As of April 2012, the Middle School was "nearing completion", and the project is being finalized, with minor projects left, including "adding pavement..., resurfacing, and striping to allow turning lanes for the school traffic."
Located on the downtown pedestrian mall is the Lebanon campus of Claremont-based River Valley Community College. Also downtown, the Alliance for the Visual Arts (AVA) offers classes in arts and crafts in a LEED-certified former factory building, which houses a ground floor gallery space.
Lebanon is served by Interstate 89, which meets Interstate 91 just across the Connecticut River in White River Junction. It is 58 miles (93 km) southeast along I-89 to Concord, the state capital, and 60 miles (97 km) northwest along I-89 to Montpelier, the capital of Vermont. U.S. Route 4 passes east–west through the centers of Lebanon and West Lebanon, leading east to Enfield and eventually Concord, and west towards Rutland, Vermont. New Hampshire Route 10 leads south from Lebanon along Interstate 89, eventually diverging to go to Newport. Route 10 leads north from West Lebanon into Hanover and points north along the Connecticut River. New Hampshire Route 120 passes north–south through downtown Lebanon, leading north into Hanover and south to Claremont. New Hampshire Route 12A begins in West Lebanon and heads south along the Connecticut River to Claremont. Near the eastern border of the city, New Hampshire Route 4A leaves US 4 to travel southeast towards Wilmot and central New Hampshire.
Lebanon Airport, adjacent to West Lebanon, has passenger service to Boston and New York City provided by Cape Air. Free public bus service for the major towns in the area including Lebanon is provided by Advance Transit, with weekday service to destinations such as Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical Center, shopping plazas in West Lebanon, the villages of Lebanon and West Lebanon, as well as Hanover and White River Junction. Southeast Vermont Transit also provides a peak direction commuter bus route between DHMC to Bellows Falls, Vermont that also runs on weekdays.
The closest Greyhound bus terminal and Amtrak train station are both located in White River Junction, Vermont. Vermont Translines also serves Lebanon from the Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical Center.
Lebanon village is a cultural hub with attractions such as the Lebanon Opera House (in City Hall), the AVA Gallery, seasonal Farmers' Market and summer concerts on the green. Lebanon Public Library serves the main village, and the newly opened Kilton Public Library branch (the first library in the U.S. to host a node of the Tor anonymity network) serves West Lebanon village. The Carter Community Building Association (CCBA) operates an after-school activity center for primary school children and a fitness center for teens and adults. Salt Hill Pub frequently features live musical performances.
The Colburn Park Historic District is at the heart of Lebanon, New Hampshire, consisting of Colburn Park and buildings around it—and many 19th-century buildings immediately adjacent to these. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986. The land that later developed into the park was donated in 1792 by Robert Colburn as the site for the community's meeting house, serving the purposes of church and town hall. Arterial roads were built to the area, and it began to develop as a commercial and civic center in the early 19th century. A weekly farmers' market is held there between June and September along with many community activities throughout the year.
Aaron John Baddeley (born 17 March 1981) is an American Australian professional golfer. He was born in Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA and now plays on the U.S.-based PGA Tour, he has joint U.S. and Australian citizenship and was raised in Australia from the age of two. He represents Australia in international golf.Ammi B. Young
Ammi Burnham Young (June 19, 1798 – March 14, 1874) was a 19th-century American architect whose commissions transitioned from the Greek Revival to the Neo-Renaissance styles. His design of the second Vermont State House brought him fame and success, which eventually led him to become the first Supervising Architect of the U.S. Treasury Department. As federal architect, he was responsible for creating across the United States numerous custom houses, post offices, courthouses and hospitals, many of which are today on the National Register. His traditional architectural forms lent a sense of grandeur and permanence to the new country's institutions and communities. Young pioneered the use of iron in construction.Claremont–Lebanon micropolitan area
The Claremont–Lebanon Micropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of four counties – two in New Hampshire and two in Vermont, anchored by the cities of Lebanon, New Hampshire and Claremont, New Hampshire. At the 2010 census, the area was defined as two separate Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs), Claremont and Lebanon. The Claremont μSA, consisting of Sullivan County, New Hampshire, had a population of 43,742, while the Lebanon μSA, comprising Grafton County, New Hampshire, and Orange and Windsor counties in Vermont, had a population of 174,724. In 2013, the two areas were combined to form the Claremont-Lebanon μSA, and in 2015 the estimated population was 216,923. The Claremont–Lebanon μSA is the most populous micropolitan area in the United States.Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical Center
Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical Center (DHMC) is the U.S. state of New Hampshire's only academic medical center. It is headquartered in Lebanon, New Hampshire on a 225-acre (91 ha) campus in the heart of the Upper Connecticut River Valley. DHMC is New Hampshire's only Level I Trauma Center, one of only three in northern New England, and it includes New Hampshire's only air ambulance service.Dave Cole (artist)
Dave Cole (born 1975 in Lebanon, New Hampshire) is an American contemporary visual artist specializing in sculpture.
Cole's work is characterized by an interest in politics, patriotism, nostalgia, and masculinity. He lives and works in Providence, Rhode Island. He is represented by DODGEgallery in New York City and formerly the judi rotenberg gallery in Boston.Experience Estabrook
Experience Estabrook (April 30, 1813 – March 26, 1894) was an American attorney and legal administrator active in territorial Wisconsin and Nebraska.Born in Lebanon, New Hampshire, he moved with his parents to Clarence, New York, in 1822 where he attended the public schools. Estabrook then attended Dickinson College, in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Estabrook graduated from the Chambersburg, Pennsylvania Law School, and then was admitted to the bar in Brooklyn, New York in 1839. He worked as a clerk at the Navy Yard in Brooklyn and later practiced law in Buffalo, New York. In 1840, he moved to Geneva, Wisconsin in 1840 and continued the practice of law. Estabrook was a delegate to the second Wisconsin State Constitutional Convention in 1848; in 1851, he became a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly. He was Attorney General of Wisconsin in 1852 and 1853.Estabrook was appointed by President Franklin Pierce the attorney general of the Territory of Nebraska and served from 1855 to 1859. He presented credentials as a Delegate-elect to the Thirty-sixth United States Congress and served from March 4, 1859, to May 18, 1860, when he was succeeded by Samuel G. Daily, who contested his election. Experience Estabrook was appointed by the Governor to codify the Nebraska State laws in 1866.
He then became the prosecuting attorney for Douglas County, Nebraska in 1867, and 1868. He was a member of the Nebraska State Constitutional Convention in 1871.
Experience Estabrook died in Omaha, Nebraska, and was buried in Forest Lawn Cemetery in Omaha.
His daughter Caroline was a composer. His son Henry Dodge Estabrook was a lawyer in New York City.Granite State College
Granite State College is a public college in Concord, New Hampshire. It is a member of the University System of New Hampshire.Head impact telemetry system
Head Impact Telemetry System (HITS) is a hardware and software system intended as a shock detector and logger; the hardware is embedded in football helmets and transmits data to a computer.The system was developed by Simbex, based on Lebanon, New Hampshire, in collaboration with Virginia Tech, starting around 2000. By 2006 the system weighed about six ounces and had six sensors, a small computer, a battery and a radio; helmets including the system were marketed by Riddell and a set of 40 cost around $50,000 at that time. At that time nine NCAA football teams and a high school team were testing it, and the NFL had decided it not well validated enough to use.Joe Darion
Joe Darion, (30 January 1917 - 6 June 2001) was an American musical theatre lyricist, most famous for Man of La Mancha.
Darion was born in New York City and died in Lebanon, New Hampshire.Lane Dwinell
Seymour Lane Dwinell (November 14, 1906 – March 27, 1997) was an American manufacturer and Republican politician from Lebanon, New Hampshire. Born in 1906 in Newport, Vermont, he served in and led both houses of the New Hampshire legislature before his two terms as governor. He died in 1997 aged 90 in Hanover, New Hampshire and is buried in Lebanon, New Hampshire.Micropolitan statistical area
United States micropolitan statistical areas (µSA, where the initial Greek letter mu represents "micro-"), as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), are labor market areas in the United States centered on an urban cluster (urban area) with a population of at least 10,000 but fewer than 50,000 people. The micropolitan area designation was created in 2003. Like the better-known Metropolitan Statistical Areas, a micropolitan area is a geographic entity used for statistical purposes based on counties and county equivalents. The OMB has identified 536 micropolitan areas in the United States.
The term "micropolitan" gained currency in the 1990s to describe growing population centers in the United States that are removed from larger cities, in some cases by 100 miles (160 km) or more.
Micropolitan cities do not have the economic or political importance of large cities, but are nevertheless significant centers of population and production, drawing workers and shoppers from a wide local area. Because the designation is based on the core urban cluster's population and not on that of the whole area, some micropolitan areas are actually larger than some metropolitan areas. For example, the Ottawa–Peru, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area had a 2010 census population of 154,908. That would put its total population ahead of roughly 100 individual locations classified as a Metropolitan Statistical Area in 2010. The largest of the areas, around Claremont and Lebanon, New Hampshire, had a population in excess of 218,000 in 2010; Claremont's population was only 13,355 in that year's census, and Lebanon's population was only 13,151.Norris Cotton
Norris H. Cotton (May 11, 1900 – February 24, 1989) was an American politician from the state of New Hampshire. A member of the Republican Party, he served as a U.S. Representative and subsequently as a U.S. Senator.Phineas Quimby
Phineas Parkhurst Quimby (February 16, 1802 – January 16, 1866) was an American spiritual teacher, magnetizer, mesmerist, and inventor. His work is widely recognized as leading to the New Thought movement.River Valley Community College
River Valley Community College (RVCC) is a two-year community college with campuses in Claremont, Keene, and Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States. It is part of the Community College System of New Hampshire and is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges. The college offers over 35 degree and certificate programs.It was established as the New Hampshire Community Technical College at Claremont in 1968. The Keene Academic Center opened in 2004. The college's third location in Lebanon opened January 2016, in the former Lebanon College building.University Press of New England
The University Press of New England (UPNE), located in Lebanon, New Hampshire and founded in 1970, is a university press consortium including Brandeis University, Dartmouth College (its host member), Tufts University, the University of New Hampshire, and Northeastern University. In April 2018, Dartmouth announced that UPNE will shut down by the end of the year. Notable fiction authors published by UPNE include Howard Frank Mosher, Roxana Robinson, Ernest Hebert, Cathie Pelletier, Chris Bohjalian, Percival Everett, Laurie Alberts and Walter D. Wetherell. Notable poets distributed by the press include Rae Armantrout, Claudia Rankine, James Tate, Mary Ruefle, Donald Revell, Ellen Bryant Voigt, James Wright, Jean Valentine, Stanley Kunitz, Heather McHugh, and Yusef Komunyakaa. Notable nature and environment authors published include William Sargent, Cynthia Huntington, David Gessner, John Hay, Tom Wessels and Eric Zencey. Notable scholarly authors published by UPNE and its members include Kathleen J. Ferraro, Jehuda Reinharz, Joyce Antler, Peter Gizzi, Mary Caroline Richards, Leslie Cannold, Colin Calloway, David Fishman, Diana Muir, and Gina Barreca. UPNE and its authors and titles have received many honors and awards including the National Book Award, Pulitzer Prize, Guggenheim Fellowships, NEA Literature Fellowships, and the Barnes & Noble Discovery Award.The press publishes books for scholars, educators, students, and the general public, concentrating on American studies, literature, history, and cultural studies; art, architecture, and material culture; ethnic studies (African American, Jewish, Native American, Shaker, and international studies); nature and the environment; and New England history and culture. It publishes around sixty titles annually, and distributes titles for a number of other small and academic presses, museums and non-profit societies.Valley News
The Valley News (and Sunday Valley News) is a seven-day morning daily newspaper based in Lebanon, New Hampshire, covering the Upper Valley region of New Hampshire and Vermont, in the United States.
Although the newspaper's offices and presses are in Lebanon, its mailing address is a post office box in nearby White River Junction, Vermont. The newspaper covers communities on both sides of the Connecticut River, which forms the state line. The paper's circulation is 16,522. The current editor is Maggie Cassidy, and John Gregg is the news editor.The paper was founded in 1952 by Allan Churchill Butler. Shortly thereafter he sold the paper to James D. Ewing and Walter Paine. Paine would serve as editor and publisher of the paper for twenty-four years. In 2012, the Valley News, the Nashua Telegraph, and PolitiFact established "PolitiFact '12 NH," a fact-checking effort focused on the candidates in the 2012 United States presidential election. At the time, Jeffrey Good was the Valley News' editor.Newspapers of New England, a private company based in Concord, New Hampshire, bought the Valley News in 1981 and has owned it since.WVFA
WVFA (90.5 FM) is an American radio station broadcasting a Contemporary Inspirational format. Licensed to Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, the station serves the Lebanon-Rutland-White River Junction area. The station is owned by Green Mountain Educational Fellowship, Inc.In July, 2010 WVFA was granted a U.S. Federal Communications Commission construction permit to increase effective radiated power (ERP) to 300 watts from the current 12 watts. But WVFA has not acted on the permit yet. WVFA airs traditional and contemporary hymns along with some Christian radio instructional and preaching shows.WXXK
WXXK (100.5 FM; "Kixx 100.5") is a radio station broadcasting a country music format. Licensed to Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, the station serves the Lebanon-Rutland-White River Junction area. The station is owned by Great Eastern Radio, LLC and features programming from Westwood One and the Premiere Radio Networks.WXXK's programming is simulcast in Claremont, New Hampshire, on translator station W269DI at 101.7 MHz.West Lebanon, New Hampshire
West Lebanon is an unincorporated community (pop. approx 3,200) within the city of Lebanon, New Hampshire, on the Connecticut River. The area contains a major shopping plaza strip along New Hampshire Route 12A, serving the Upper Valley communities along Interstates 89 and 91. West Lebanon also hosts the Lebanon Municipal Airport, a number of small software and tech businesses, and a regional daily newspaper, the Valley News. The village serves as a bedroom community for nearby Dartmouth College.
West Lebanon was the site of Lebanon's first settlement in 1761. Later the village became a regionally important rail hub, although at that time it was better known to rail travelers as Westboro. By the 1950s, however, the rail industry had shrunk significantly. The village of White River Junction, Vermont, across the Connecticut River, took most of the remaining services, and the rail service through West Lebanon was terminated.Today commerce has replaced transportation as the basis of the economy, and West Lebanon serves as the commercial hub for a United States micropolitan area of over 170,000 people. Seminary Hill School is located in the area.
Places adjacent to Lebanon, New Hampshire
Municipalities and communities of Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States
Connecticut River watershed
|Smaller cities and towns|