Lawrence of Brindisi

Saint Lawrence of Brindisi, O.F.M. Cap. (22 July 1559 – 22 July 1619), born Giulio Cesare Russo, was a Roman Catholic priest and a theologian as well as a member of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin.

He was beatified on 1 June 1783 and was canonized as a saint on 8 December 1881. He was named a Doctor of the Church in 1959.

Saint
Lawrence of Brindisi
O.F.M. Cap.
San Lorenzo da Brindisi
Priest; Doctor of the Church
Born22 July 1559
Brindisi, Kingdom of Naples
Died22 July 1619 (aged 60)
Lisbon, Portugal
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Beatified1 June 1783, Saint Peter's Basilica, Papal States by Pope Pius VI
Canonized8 December 1881, Saint Peter's Basilica, Kingdom of Italy by Pope Leo XIII
Major shrineVillafranca del Bierzo
Feast21 July
Attributes
PatronageBrindisi

Biography

Giulio Cesare Russo was born in Brindisi, Kingdom of Naples, to a family of Venetian merchants. After the early death of his parents, he was raised by his uncle and educated at Saint Mark's College in Venice. Cesare joined the Capuchins in Verona as Brother Lawrence. He received further instruction from the University of Padua. An accomplished linguist, in addition to his native Italian, Lawrence could read and speak Latin, Hebrew, Greek, German, Bohemian, Spanish, and French fluently. Brother Lawrence was ordained a priest at the age of 23.[1]

At the age of thirty-one, Father Lawrence was elected superior of the Capuchin Franciscan province of Tuscany.[1] He was appointed definitor general to Rome for the Capuchins in 1596; Pope Clement VIII assigned him the task of preaching to the Jews in the city. He was sufficiently proficient in Hebrew that the rabbis assumed he had been a convert from Judaism. Beginning in 1599, Lawrence established Capuchin monasteries in modern Germany and Austria, furthering the Counter-Reformation and bringing many Protestants back to the Catholic faith.[2]

In 1601, he served as the imperial chaplain for the army of Rudolph II, Holy Roman Emperor, and successfully recruited Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur, to help fight against the Ottoman Turks. He then led the army during the brief liberation of Székesfehérvár in Hungary from the Ottoman Empire, armed only with a crucifix.

In 1602, he was elected vicar general of the Capuchin friars, at that time the highest office in the Order.[1] He was elected again in 1605, but refused the office. He entered the service of the Holy See, becoming papal nuncio to Bavaria. After serving as nuncio to Spain, he retired to a monastery in 1618. He was recalled as a special envoy to the King of Spain regarding the actions of the Viceroy of Naples in 1619, and after finishing his mission, died on his birthday in Lisbon.

He was entombed at the Poor Clares' Convento de la Anunciada (Convent of the Annunciation) in Villafranca del Bierzo, Spain.

His favourite blessing

Nos cum prole pia
benedicat Virgo Maria.[3]

Mary, with Her loving Son,
bless us each and every one.[4]

Veneration

He was beatified in 1783 by Pope Pius VI, canonized in 1881 by Pope Leo XIII, and declared a Doctor of the Church by Pope John XXIII in 1959. His feast day is 21 July.

Works

St. Lawrence of Brindisi Complete Works were published in 15 volumes, in a critical edition, between 1926 and 1956. They comprise:

  • Mariale
  • Lutheranismi hypotyposis
  • Explanatio in Genesim
  • Quadragesimale primum
  • Quadragesimale secundum
  • Quadragesimale tertium
  • Quadragesimale quartum
  • Adventus
  • Dominicalia
  • Sanctorale
  • Sermones de tempore

His original manuscripts comprise 13 volumes in parchment and are located at the Archivio dei Cappuccini di Mestre.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Saint Lawrence of Brindisi", Franciscan Media
  2. ^ Andrew J.G. Drenas The Standard Bearer of the Roman Church: Lawrence of Brindisi and Capuchin Missions in the Holy Roman Empire (1599-1613) (Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press), 2018. ISBN 978-0-8132-3037-5
  3. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "St. Lorenzo da Brindisi" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.
  4. ^ "Closing prayers said at the Rosary Vigils and Sunday Holy Hours". St Michael's World Apostolate. Archived from the original on 2016-06-30. Retrieved 2018-12-31.

External links

1559

Year 1559 (MDLIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

1619

1619 (MDCXIX)

was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1619th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 619th year of the 2nd millennium, the 19th year of the 17th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1610s decade. As of the start of 1619, the Gregorian calendar was

10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

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Catholic moral theology

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Great martyr

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Generally speaking, a Great Martyr is a martyr who has undergone excruciating tortures—often performing miracles and converting unbelievers to Christianity in the process—and who has attained widespread veneration throughout the Church. These saints are often from the first centuries of the Church, before the Edict of Milan. This term is normally not applied to saints who could be better described as hieromartyrs (martyred clergy) or protomartyrs (the first martyr in a given region).

Hieronymus Makofsky

Hieronymus Makofsky or Makowsky (ca.1565–1630) was a Bohemian knight and a gentleman of the privy chamber to Emperor Rudolph II. He is thought to have had a homoerotic (although not necessarily sexual) relationship with the emperor.In 1598 he sat in the Bohemian Estates as a member of the knighthood. As a Calvinist, he was thought to have fed the emperor's mistrust of the Capuchins brought to Prague under the leadership of Lawrence of Brindisi. He also dabbled in the occult, and in 1601 it was rumoured that he had used dark arts to bewitch the emperor. In the same year, Rudolph awarded him the hamlet of Vřesce, in the parish of Ratibořice (now part of Ratibořské Hory, Tábor District), and its associated mining rights. In 1603, when he was 38 years old, his portrait was engraved by Aegidius Sadeler.

In 1604 he was imprisoned in Křivoklát Castle after being accused of neglecting his duties, taking bribes for access to the emperor, intercepting the emperor's letters, betraying the emperor's secrets, and boasting that he held the emperor's life in his hand.He died in 1630.

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Order of Friars Minor Capuchin

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In 2 Corinthians 11:2, Paul alludes to the metaphor of the Church as Bride of Christ by addressing the congregation

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In the theology of the Church Fathers, the prototype of the sacred virgin is Mary, the mother of Jesus, consecrated by the Holy Spirit at Annunciation.

Although not stated in the gospels, the perpetual virginity of Mary was widely upheld as a dogma by the Church Fathers from the 4th century.

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