Lawrence Maxwell Krauss (born 1954) is an American-Canadian theoretical physicist and cosmologist who is a professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration at Arizona State University and a former professor at Yale University and Case Western Reserve University. He founded ASU's Origins Project to investigate fundamental questions about the universe and served as its director until July 2018. In response to allegations about sexual misconduct by Krauss, ASU conducted an investigation. Having determined that Krauss had violated university policy, they removed him from his position as director. Krauss continued on as a Professor at ASU, and will retire from that position in May of 2019. In January 2019 it was announced that he had become President of the Origins Project Foundation, a non-profit organization that will run public events on science, culture, and society as well as other educational opportunities. He will also host a new Origins Podcast.
He is an advocate of the public understanding of science, of public policy based on sound empirical data, of scientific skepticism and of science education. Krauss, who is an atheist, works to reduce the influence of what he regards as superstition and religious dogma in popular culture.
Lawrence M. Krauss
Krauss at Ghent University in 2013
Lawrence Maxwell Krauss
May 27, 1954
|Home town||Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Thesis||Gravitation and Phase Transitions in the Early Universe (1982)|
|Doctoral advisor||Roscoe Giles|
Krauss was born on May 27, 1954, in New York City, but spent his childhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. He was raised in a Jewish household. Krauss received undergraduate degrees in mathematics and physics with first-class honours at Carleton University (Ottawa) in 1977, and was awarded a PhD in physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1982.
After some time in the Harvard Society of Fellows, Krauss became an assistant professor at Yale University in 1985 and associate professor in 1988. He was named the Ambrose Swasey Professor of Physics, professor of astronomy, and was chairman of the physics department at Case Western Reserve University from 1993 to 2005. In 2006, Krauss led the initiative for the no-confidence vote against Case Western Reserve University's president Edward M. Hundert and provost John L. Anderson by the College of Arts and Sciences faculty. On March 2, 2006, both no-confidence votes were carried: 131–44 against Hundert and 97–68 against Anderson.
In August 2008, Krauss joined the faculty at Arizona State University as a Foundation Professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration at the Department of Physics in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. He also became the Director of the Origins Project, a university initiative "created to explore humankind's most fundamental questions about our origins". In 2009, he helped inaugurate this initiative at the Origins Symposium, in which eighty scientists participated and three thousand people attended.
In January 2019 Krauss became President of the Origins Project Foundation, a non-profit organization that will run public events on science, culture, and society as well as other educational opportunities. He will also host a new Origins Podcast.
Krauss appears in the media both at home and abroad to facilitate public outreach in science. He has also written editorials for The New York Times. As a result of his appearance in 2002 before the state school board of Ohio, his opposition to intelligent design has gained national prominence.
Krauss attended and was a speaker at the Beyond Belief symposia in November 2006 and October 2008. He served on the science policy committee for Barack Obama's first (2008) presidential campaign and, also in 2008, was named co-president of the board of sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. In 2010, he was elected to the board of directors of the Federation of American Scientists, and in June 2011, he joined the professoriate of the New College of the Humanities, a private college in London. In 2013, he accepted a part-time professorship at the Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics in the physics department of the Australian National University.
Krauss is a critic of string theory, which he discusses in his 2005 book Hiding in the Mirror. In his 2012 book A Universe from Nothing Krauss says about string theory "we still have no idea if this remarkable theoretical edifice actually has anything to do with the real world". Another book, released in March 2011, titled Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's Life in Science, while A Universe from Nothing —with an afterword by Richard Dawkins—was released in January 2012 and became a New York Times bestseller within a week. Originally, its foreword was to have been written by Christopher Hitchens, but Hitchens grew too ill to complete it. The paperback version of the book appeared in January 2013 with a new question-and-answer section and a preface integrating the 2012 discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider. On March 21, 2017, his newest book, 'The Greatest Story Ever Told—So Far: Why Are We Here?' was released in hardcover, paperback, and audio version.
A July 2012 article in Newsweek, written by Krauss, indicates how the Higgs particle is related to our understanding of the Big Bang. He also wrote a longer piece in the New York Times explaining the science behind and significance of the particle.
In a February 2018 article describing allegations that "range from offensive comments to groping and non-consensual sexual advances", BuzzFeed reported a variety of sexual misconduct claims against Krauss, including two complaints from his years at CWRU. Krauss responded that the article was "slanderous" and "factually incorrect". In a public statement, he apologized "to anyone he made feel intimidated or uncomfortable", but stated that the BuzzFeed article "ignored counter-evidence, distorted the facts and made absurd claims about me."
ASU stated that they had not received complaints from faculty, staff, or students before the BuzzFeed article but subsequently began an internal investigation regarding an accusation that Krauss grabbed a woman’s breast while at a convention in Australia. Investigators interviewed two eyewitnesses, and two other witnesses who immediately spoke with the unnamed woman. The witnesses described the woman as troubled and shocked. The woman told investigators that "she did not feel victimized, felt it was a clumsy interpersonal interaction and thought she had handled it in the moment." ASU found that the preponderance of evidence suggested that Krauss had violated the university's policy against sexual harassment by grabbing a woman's breast without her permission. As a result, Krauss was replaced as director of the Origins Project by planetary scientist Lindy Elkins-Tanton.
Several organizations also canceled scheduled talks by Krauss. Krauss resigned from the position of chair of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Board of Sponsors when informed that its other members felt his presence was distracting "from the ability of the Bulletin to effectively carry out [its] work".
In October, 2018, Krauss announced his retirement from ASU, where he remains on paid leave until the close of the 2018–2019 academic year.
Krauss mostly works in theoretical physics and has published research on a variety of topics within that field. His primary contribution is to cosmology as one of the first physicists to suggest that most of the mass and energy of the Universe resides in empty space, an idea now widely known as "dark matter", as well as his contributions to the attempt to understand the origin and nature of dark matter, and methods for its detection. Krauss has formulated a model in which the Universe could have potentially come from "nothing", as outlined in his 2012 book A Universe from Nothing. He explains that certain arrangements of relativistic quantum fields might explain the existence of the Universe as we know it while disclaiming that he "has no idea if the notion [of taking quantum mechanics for granted] can be usefully dispensed with". As his model appears to agree with experimental observations of the Universe (such as its shape and energy density), it is referred to by some as a "plausible hypothesis". His model has however been opposed by cosmologist George Ellis and mathematical physicist I. S. Kohli who have argued that many of his claims pertaining to A Universe from Nothing "are not supported in full by modern general relativity theory or quantum field theory in curved spacetime".
Initially, Krauss was skeptical of the existence of the Higgs boson. However, after it was detected by CERN, he has been researching the implications of the Higgs field on the nature of dark energy.
Krauss has argued that public policy debates in the United States should have a greater focus on science. He criticized Republican presidential candidate Ben Carson's statements on science, writing that Carson's remarks "suggest he never learned or chooses to ignore basic, well-tested scientific concepts".
Krauss has described himself as an antitheist and takes part in public debates on religion. Krauss is featured in the 2013 documentary The Unbelievers, in which he and Richard Dawkins travel across the globe speaking publicly about the importance of science and reason as opposed to religion and superstition. He has participated in many debates with religious apologists, including William Lane Craig.
In his book A Universe from Nothing: Why There is Something Rather than Nothing (2012), Krauss discusses the premise that something cannot come from nothing, which has often been used as an argument for the existence of a prime mover. He has since argued in a debate with John Ellis and Don Cupitt that the laws of physics allow for the Universe to be created from nothing. "What would be the characteristics of a universe that was created from nothing, just with the laws of physics and without any supernatural shenanigans? The characteristics of the universe would be precisely those of the ones we live in." In an interview with The Atlantic, however, he states that he has never claimed that "questions about origins are over". According to Krauss, "I don't ever claim to resolve that infinite regress of why-why-why-why-why; as far as I'm concerned it's turtles all the way down".
In an interview with Krauss in the Scientific American, science writer Claudia Dreifus called Krauss "one of the few top physicists who is also known as a public intellectual". Krauss is one of very few to have received awards from all three major American physics societies: the American Physical Society, the American Association of Physics Teachers, and the American Institute of Physics. In 2012, he was awarded the National Science Board's Public Service Medal for his contributions to public education in science and engineering in the United States.
In December 2011, Krauss became a non-voting honorary board member for the Center for Inquiry. The center suspended its association with Krauss in March 2018 in relation to allegations of sexual misconduct, "pending further information".
Krauss has authored or co-authored more than three hundred scientific studies and review articles on cosmology and theoretical physics.
The Higgs particle is now arguably more relevant than God.
ASU announced Thursday that the Origins Project, formerly headed by Lawrence Krauss, will move underneath the University’s Interplanetary Initiative and lose its name.
'Leading the national discussion requires some basic knowledge of what the important issues are, what is known and not known, and what new efforts need to be commenced,' says physicist Lawrence Krauss. 'Scientific data is not Democratic or Republican.'
Too little of the US presidential campaign mentions science, says Krauss, considering its importance.
A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing is a non-fiction book by the physicist Lawrence M. Krauss, initially published on January 10, 2012 by Free Press. It discusses modern cosmogony and its implications for the debate about the existence of God. The main theme of the book is how "we have discovered that all signs suggest a universe that could and plausibly did arise from a deeper nothing—involving the absence of space itself and— which may one day return to nothing via processes that may not only be comprehensible but also processes that do not require any external control or direction."Atom (Krauss book)
Atom: An Odyssey from the Big Bang to Life on Earth...and Beyond is the sixth non-fiction book by the American theoretical physicist Lawrence M. Krauss. The text was published on April 1, 2001 by Little, Brown. Krauss won the Science Writing Award (2002) for this book.Beyond Star Trek
Beyond Star Trek: Physics from Alien Invasions to the End of Time is the fourth non-fiction book by the American theoretical physicist Lawrence M. Krauss. The book was initially published on November 7, 1997 by Basic Books and since then has appeared in five foreign editions.In his previous work, The Physics of Star Trek, Lawrence Krauss explained a number of ideas and concepts featured in the series; they may or may not exist in our universe. In this book, Krauss goes farther to discuss the realities of physics when it is applied to components from other sci-fi story lines.Fear of Physics
Fear of Physics: A Guide for the Perplexed is the second non-fiction book by the American physicist Lawrence M. Krauss. It was published in 1994 by Basic Books. The book contains many anecdotes and examples.Het Denkgelag
Het Denkgelag is a Belgian association without lucrative purpose that organises skeptical conferences in Flanders. Het Denkgelag started out in 2012 as a series of discussion evenings of the skeptical organisation SKEPP, but nowadays functions financially and legally independent from SKEPP. The mission of Het Denkgelag is to popularise scientific topics and to promote critical thinking for a broad audience. It has been described as “laid-back discussion evenings on philosophical, skeptical and scientific topics, in an informal atmosphere, with a crowd of interesting speakers and the audience as the central guest”.Hiding in the Mirror
Hiding in the Mirror is a popular science book by the theoretical physicist Lawrence M. Krauss. The text was initially published on October 20, 2005 by Viking Press. This is his seventh non-fiction book.Krauss
Krauss is a German surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Alison Krauss (born 1971), American bluegrass musician
Alexis Krauss (born 1985), musician of the noise pop duo Sleigh Bells
Clemens Krauss (1893–1954), Austrian conductor
Charles A. W. Krauss (1851–1939), American politician
Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Krauss (1812–1890), known as Ferdinand Krauss, German scientist, traveller and collector
Friedrich Salomon Krauss (1859–1938), Austrian ethnographer
Gabrielle Krauss (1842–1906), Austrian-born French operatic soprano
Georg Krauß, (1826–1906), German industrialist and the founder of the Krauss Locomotive Works
Krauss-Maffei, German engineering company, named in part after Georg Krauß
Hermann August Krauss (1848–1937), Austrian entomologist
Johan Carl Krauss (1759–1826), German physician and botanist
Lawrence M. Krauss (born 1954), American physicist and writer
Michael E. Krauss (born 1934), American linguist
Michael I. Krauss (born 1951), American law professor
Nicole Krauss (born 1974), American novelist
Rosalind E. Krauss (born 1941), American art critic
Ruth Krauss (1901–1993), American poet, playwright and children's book author
Samuel Krauss (1866–1948), Hungarian philologist and historian
Thomas F Krauss, British physicist working in the field of photonic crystals
Werner Krauss (1884–1959), German actorPoint of Inquiry
Point of Inquiry is the radio show and flagship podcast of the Center for Inquiry (CFI), "a think tank promoting science, reason, and secular values in public policy and at the grass roots". Started in 2005, Point of Inquiry has consistently been ranked among the best science podcasts available in iTunes. It has been celebrated for its guests and for the quality of its interviews. Former guests include leading scientists, writers and public intellectuals such as Neil DeGrasse Tyson, Paul Krugman, Lisa Randall, Brian Greene, Oliver Sacks, Susan Jacoby, David Brin and Temple Grandin.Reason Rally
The first Reason Rally was a public gathering for secularism and religious skepticism held on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. on March 24, 2012. The rally was sponsored by major atheistic and secular organizations of the United States and was regarded as a "Woodstock for atheists and skeptics". A second Reason Rally was held on June 4, 2016 at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C..
Speakers and performers at the first rally included biologist Richard Dawkins, physicist Lawrence M. Krauss, musician Tim Minchin, MythBusters co-host Adam Savage, actor-comedian Eddie Izzard, Paul Provenza, PZ Myers, Jessica Ahlquist, Dan Barker, and magician James Randi, among others. The punk rock band Bad Religion performed and other notables (Rep. Pete Stark, Sen. Tom Harkin, comedian Bill Maher, magician Penn Jillette) addressed the crowd by video link. Participants recited the Pledge of Allegiance, deliberately omitting the phrase "under God", which was added by the U.S. Congress in 1954. Veterans of the U.S. Armed Forces were represented, and a retired Army colonel, Kirk Lamb, led veterans in an affirmation of their secular military oaths. Speakers urged those assembled to contact local and national representatives and ask them to support church-state separation, science education, marriage equality for gays and lesbians, and ending government support of faith-based organizations, among other causes.According to the official website of the first rally, the aim of the Reason Rally was to "unify, energize, and embolden secular people nationwide, while dispelling the negative opinions held by so much of American society." The website had predicted it would be "the largest secular event in world history." The Atlantic said 20,000 people were in attendance. Religion News Service said 8,000–10,000. The documentary The Unbelievers says that over 30,000 people attended the rally. There are no official crowd estimates of events on the Mall.
The second rally, the Reason Rally for 2016, was billed as "a celebration of fact-driven public policy, the value of critical thinking, and the voting power of secular Americans". The weekend of the Rally included advocacy events and conference sessions.Richard Dawkins Award
The Richard Dawkins Award is an annual award presented by the Atheist Alliance of America to individuals it judges to have raised the public consciousness of atheism. It has been presented since 2003, and is named after Richard Dawkins, an English evolutionary biologist who was named the world's top thinker in a 2013 reader's poll of the Prospect Magazine.Skeptic (U.S. magazine)
Skeptic, colloquially known as Skeptic magazine, is a quarterly science education and science advocacy magazine published internationally by The Skeptics Society, a nonprofit organization devoted to promoting scientific skepticism and resisting the spread of pseudoscience, superstition, and irrational beliefs. Founded by Michael Shermer, founder of the Skeptics Society, the magazine was first published in the spring of 1992 and is published through Millennium Press.
Shermer remains the Publisher and Editor-in-Chief of the magazine and the magazine’s Co-publisher and Art Director is Pat Linse. Other noteworthy members of its editorial board include, or have included, Oxford University evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins, Pulitzer Prize-winning scientist Jared Diamond, magician and escape artist turned educator James “The Amazing” Randi, actor, comedian, and Saturday Night Live alumna Julia Sweeney, professional mentalist Mark Edward, science writer Daniel Loxton, Lawrence M. Krauss and Christof Koch.
Skeptic has an international circulation with over 50,000 subscriptions and is on newsstands in the U.S. and Canada as well as Europe, Australia, and other countries.The Fifth Essence
The Fifth Essence: The Search for the Dark Matter in the Universe is the debut book by the American physicist Lawrence M. Krauss, published in 1989. Krauss talks about dark matter and its importance to our understanding of the universe. The book also contains information about modern astrophysics and Greek philosophers. The book was later updated and re-released as Quintessence: The Search for Missing Mass in the Universe in 2000.The Greatest Story Ever Told (disambiguation)
The Greatest Story Ever Told is a 1965 film based on
The Greatest Story Ever Told (novel), a 1949 publication by Fulton Oursler, in turn based on
The Greatest Story Ever Told (radio program), a 1947-1956 series inspired by the GospelsThe Greatest Story Ever Told may also refer to:
The Greatest Story Ever Told (The Lawrence Arms album), 2003
The Greatest Story Ever Told (David Banner album), 2008
"Greatest Story Ever Told", a song on Bob Weir's 1972 album Ace
"The Greatest Story Ever Told", a song on Five Iron Frenzy's 2000 album All the Hype That Money Can Buy
"The Greatest Story Ever Told" (Aqua Teen Hunger Force Forever), the final episode of Aqua Teen Hunger Force
The Greatest Story Ever Told—So Far: Why Are We Here?, a 2017 book by Lawrence M. KraussThe Greatest Story Ever Told—So Far
The Greatest Story Ever Told—So Far: Why Are We Here? is the tenth full-length non-fiction book by the American theoretical physicist Lawrence M. Krauss. The book was initially published on March 21, 2017 by Atria Books.The Physics of Star Trek
The Physics of Star Trek is a 1995 non-fiction book by the theoretical physicist Lawrence M. Krauss. It is the third book by Krauss, who later wrote a followup titled Beyond Star Trek in 1997.The Principle
The Principle is a 2014 American independent film produced by Rick DeLano and Robert Sungenis. It rejects the Copernican principle and supports the pseudoscientific, long-superseded notion that Earth is at the center of the Universe. The film is narrated by Kate Mulgrew and features scientists such as Lawrence M. Krauss and Michio Kaku. Mulgrew and scientists who were interviewed in the film have repudiated the ideas advocated in the film and stated that their involvement was the result of being misled by the filmmaker.