Laurie Garrett

Laurie Garrett (born 1951) is an American science journalist and author. She was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Journalism in 1996 for a series of works published in Newsday, chronicling the Ebola virus outbreak in Zaire.[1]

Laurie Garrett
Laurie Garrett at Poptech shot by Kris Krug
Garrett at the 2008 Poptech conference.
Born1951 (age 67–68)
Alma materUC Santa Cruz (B.A. 1975)
Occupationscience journalist, author


Laurie Garrett was born in Los Angeles, California, in 1951.[2] She graduated from San Marino High School in 1969.[3] She then graduated with honors from Merrill College at the University of California, Santa Cruz, where she received a B.A. in biology in 1975.[3][4] She attended graduate school in the Department of Bacteriology and Immunology at University of California, Berkeley and did research at Stanford University with Leonard Herzenberg.

During her PhD studies, Garrett started reporting on science news for radio station KPFA. The hobby soon became far more interesting than graduate school and she took a leave of absence to explore journalism. Garrett never completed her PhD. At KPFA Garrett worked in management, in news, and in radio documentary production. A documentary series she co-produced with Adi Gevins won the 1977 Peabody Award in Broadcasting, and other KPFA production efforts by Garrett won the Edwin Howard Armstrong award.

Garrett won a George Polk Award for Foreign Reporting in 1997 for "Crumbled Empire, Shattered Health" in Newsday, "a series of 25 articles on the public health crisis in the former Soviet Union".[5] She won another Polk award in 2000 for her book Betrayal of Trust, "a meticulously researched account of health catastrophes occurring in different places simultaneously and amounting to a disaster of global proportions".[6]

In 2004 Garrett joined the Council on Foreign Relations as the Senior Fellow of the Global Health Program. She has worked on a broad variety of issues including SARS, avian flu, tuberculosis, malaria, shipping container clinics, and the intersection of HIV/AIDS and national security.

Published works

Laurie Garrett is the author of the following books:

  • Garrett, Laurie (1995). The Coming Plague: Newly Emerging Diseases in a World Out of Balance. Penguin. ISBN 0-14-025091-3.
    This book discusses the vulnerability of the world to disease due to the lack of attention and funding given to health.
  • Garrett, Laurie (2001). Betrayal of Trust: The Collapse of Global Public Health. Hyperion. ISBN 0-7868-8440-1.
  • Garrett, Laurie (2011). I Heard the Sirens Scream: How Americans Responded to the 9/11 and Anthrax Attacks. Kindle e-book.

She is also author of the following articles:

  • Garrett, Laurie (2015). Ebola's Lessons, How the WHO Mishandled the Crisis. Foreign Affairs [7]
  • Garrett, Laurie (2005). The Next Pandemic. Foreign Affairs [8]
  • Garrett, Laurie (2001). The Nightmare of Bioterrorism. Foreign Affairs [9]


  1. ^ "1996 Pulitzer Prize Winners, Explanatory Journalism". Retrieved November 2, 2008.
  2. ^ Sherman, Scott (August 21, 2000). "Laurie Garrett: Coming Plague, Current Crisis". Publishers Weekly. Born in Los Angeles in 1951... Garrett, a youthful, intensely serious woman of 49...
  3. ^ a b "CV: Laurie Garrett, Senior Fellow for Global Health" (PDF). Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  4. ^ "Pulitzer Prize Winner is a Graduate of UC Santa Cruz" (Press release). UC Santa Cruz. April 9, 1996.
  5. ^ The George Polk Awards (1997). "1997 George Polk Award Winners at a Glance". The George Polk Awards. Long Island University. Retrieved September 11, 2011.
  6. ^ "Long Island University Announces Winners of 2000 George Polk Awards" (Press release). Long Island University. February 1, 2001. Retrieved September 11, 2011.
  7. ^ "Ebola's Lessons". Foreign Affairs. 2015-12-11. Retrieved 2016-09-06.
  8. ^ "The Next Pandemic?". Foreign Affairs. 2009-01-29. Retrieved 2016-09-06.
  9. ^ "The Nightmare of Bioterrorism". Foreign Affairs. 2009-01-29. Retrieved 2016-09-06.

External links

100 Grand Bar

100 Grand Bar (formerly known as $100,000 Bar, spoken as "hundred thousand dollar bar" until the mid 1980s) is a candy bar produced by Nestlé in the United States. The candy bar was created in 1966. It weighs 1.5 ounces (43 g) and includes chocolate, caramel and crisped rice. The bar contains 201 calories; it is low in cholesterol and sodium, but high in saturated fat and sugar. Its slogan is "That's Rich!"

Adi Gevins

Adi Gevins is a San Francisco Bay Area-based radio documentarian who has been referred to as the "fairy godmother of community radio". She has won an Ohio State Award, an American Bar Association Silver Gavel, numerous Golden Reels from the National Federation of Community Broadcasters, and two George Foster Peabody Awards (with Laurie Garrett for "Science Story" in 1978, and with SoundVision for The DNA Files in 2000), considered the highest accolade one can receive in journalism.

Much of her work has been done for the Pacifica Radio station KPFA in Berkeley, California, including "One Billion Seconds Later", which won the Ohio State Award and "Me and My Shadow", a documentary about Cointelpro's infiltration of the New Left. She served as executive producer for the celebrated public radio documentary series, "The Bill of Rights Radio Education Project", produced for KPFA - Pacifica Radio.

Gevins holds a master's degree in library and information studies from the University of California at Berkeley.

Aza Rakhmanova

Aza Rakhmanova or Aza Gasanovna Rakhmanova (17 September 1932 – 18 November 2015) was a Russian AIDS and Hepatitis expert. She was credited with organizing AIDS prevention and control in St. Petersburg. She was one of the first to be treating HIV in the Soviet Union in 1987.

Blase Bonpane

Blase Bonpane is the director of the Office of the Americas in Los Angeles, California, which he co-founded with his wife Theresa in 1983. He works on human rights issues, and identification of illegal and immoral aspects of United States government policy.

Bonpane served as a Maryknoll priest in Guatemala and was assigned by the Cardinal of Central America as National Advisor to Centro Capacitacion Social, a center for university and high school students working in the field with indigenous people on matters of health, literacy and labor organization. He was expelled from that country in 1967 in the midst of a revolution. (Washington Post, February 4, 1968, "A Priest in Guatemala.")

In 2006, The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation awarded Bonpane the Distinguished Peace Leadership Award.Bonpane announced in June 2018 that he would stop broadcasting World Focus.

Cordon sanitaire

Cordon sanitaire (French pronunciation: ​[kɔʁdɔ̃ sanitɛʁ]) is a French phrase that, literally translated, means "sanitary cordon". It originally denoted a barrier implemented to stop the spread of infectious diseases. It may be used interchangeably with the term "quarantine", and although the terms are related, cordon sanitaire refers to the restriction of movement of people into or out of a defined geographic area, such as a community. The term is also often used metaphorically, in English, to refer to attempts to prevent the spread of an ideology deemed unwanted or dangerous, such as the containment policy adopted by George F. Kennan against the Soviet Union.

The term cordon sanitaire dates to 1821, when the Duke de Richelieu deployed French troops to the border between France and Spain to prevent yellow fever from spreading into France.

Cuban medical internationalism

Cuban medical internationalism is the Cuban programme, since the 1959 Cuban Revolution, of sending Cuban medical personnel overseas, particularly to Latin America, Africa and, more recently, Oceania, and of bringing medical students and patients to Cuba. In 2007, "Cuba has 42,000 workers in international collaborations in 103 different countries, of whom more than 30,000 are health personnel, including no fewer than 19,000 physicians." Cuba provides more medical personnel to the developing world than all the G8 countries combined, although this comparison does not take into account G8 development aid spent on developing world healthcare. The Cuban missions have had substantial positive local impact on the populations served. It is widely believed that medical workers are Cuba's most important export commodity.

Global health

Global health is the health of populations in the global context; it has been defined as "the area of study, research and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide". Problems that transcend national borders or have a global political and economic impact are often emphasized. Thus, global health is about worldwide health improvement (including mental health), reduction of disparities, and protection against global threats that disregard national borders. Global health is not to be confused with international health, which is defined as the branch of public health focusing on developing nations and foreign aid efforts by industrialized countries. Global health can be measured as a function of various global diseases and their prevalence in the world and threat to decrease life in the present day.

The predominant agency associated with global health (and international health) is the World Health Organization (WHO). Other important agencies impacting global health include UNICEF and World Food Programme. The United Nations system has also played a part with cross-sectoral actions to address global health and its underlying socioeconomic determinants with the declaration of the Millennium Development Goals and the more recent Sustainable Development Goals.

Innovations (journal)

Innovations is a peer-reviewed academic journal that focuses on entrepreneurial solutions to global challenges. It is published quarterly by the MIT Press.

John Glusman

John A. Glusman is vice president and editor-in-chief of W. W. Norton and Company, the largest independent, employee-owned publisher in the United States, and the author of Conduct Under Fire: Four American Doctors and Their Fight for Life as Prisoners of the Japanese, 1941-1945.


KPFA (94.1 FM) is a listener-funded talk radio and music radio station located in Berkeley, California, U.S., broadcasting to the San Francisco Bay Area. KPFA airs public news, public affairs, talk, and music programming. The station signed on-the-air April 15, 1949, as the first Pacifica Radio station and remains the flagship station of the Pacifica Radio Network. The station promotes cultural diversity and pluralistic cultural expression to contribute to a lasting understanding between individuals of all nations, races, creeds and colors.

The station's studios are located in Downtown Berkeley and the transmitter site is located in the Berkeley Hills.

MMR vaccine and autism

Claims of a link between the MMR vaccine and autism have been extensively investigated and found to be false. The link was first suggested in the early 1990s and came to public notice largely as a result of the 1998 Lancet MMR autism fraud, characterised as "perhaps the most damaging medical hoax of the last 100 years". The fraudulent research paper authored by Andrew Wakefield and published in The Lancet claimed to link the vaccine to colitis and autism spectrum disorders. The paper was retracted in 2010 but is still cited by anti-vaccinationists.The claims in the paper were widely reported, leading to a sharp drop in vaccination rates in the UK and Ireland. Promotion of the claimed link, which continues in anti-vaccination propaganda despite being refuted, has led to an increase in the incidence of measles and mumps, resulting in deaths and serious permanent injuries. Following the initial claims in 1998, multiple large epidemiological studies were undertaken. Reviews of the evidence by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Institute of Medicine of the US National Academy of Sciences, the UK National Health Service, and the Cochrane Library all found no link between the MMR vaccine and autism. Physicians, medical journals, and editors have described Wakefield's actions as fraudulent and tied them to epidemics and deaths.An investigation by journalist Brian Deer found that Wakefield, the author of the original research paper linking the vaccine to autism, had multiple undeclared conflicts of interest, had manipulated evidence, and had broken other ethical codes. The Lancet paper was partially retracted in 2004 and fully retracted in 2010, when Lancet's editor-in-chief Richard Horton described it as "utterly false" and said that the journal had been deceived. Wakefield was found guilty by the General Medical Council of serious professional misconduct in May 2010 and was struck off the Medical Register, meaning he could no longer practise as a physician in the UK. In 2011, Deer provided further information on Wakefield's improper research practices to the British Medical Journal, which in a signed editorial described the original paper as fraudulent. The scientific consensus is that there is no link between the MMR vaccine and autism and that the vaccine's benefits greatly outweigh its potential risks.


Newsday is an American daily newspaper that primarily serves Nassau and Suffolk counties and the New York City borough of Queens on Long Island, although it is also sold throughout the New York metropolitan area. As of 2009, its weekday circulation of 377,500 was the 11th-highest in the United States, and the highest among suburban newspapers. In 2012, Newsday expanded to include Rockland and Westchester county news on its website. As of January 2014, Newsday's total average circulation was 437,000 on weekdays, 434,000 on Saturdays and 495,000 on Sundays.The newspaper's headquarters is in Melville, New York, in Suffolk County.

Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting

The Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting has been presented since 1998, for a distinguished example of explanatory reporting that illuminates a significant and complex subject, demonstrating mastery of the subject, lucid writing and clear presentation. From 1985 to 1997, it was known as the Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Journalism.

The Pulitzer Prize Board announced the new category in November 1984, citing a series of explanatory articles that seven months earlier had won the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Writing. The series, "Making It Fly" by Peter Rinearson of The Seattle Times, was a 29,000-word account of the development of the Boeing 757 jetliner. It had been entered in the National Reporting category, but judges moved it to Feature Writing to award it a prize. In the aftermath, the Pulitzer Prize Board said it was creating the new category in part because of the ambiguity about where explanatory accounts such as "Making It Fly" should be recognized. The Pulitzer Committee issues an official citation explaining the reasons for the award.

San Francisco Theological Seminary

The San Francisco Theological Seminary (SFTS) is an American graduate school affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) located in San Anselmo, California. The seminary was a founding member of the Graduate Theological Union (GTU) in Berkeley, the largest consortium of graduate schools and seminaries in the United States.

Through its membership in the GTU, SFTS students have access to the Flora Lamson Hewlett Library and enjoy many opportunities to learn from and engage with religious traditions outside of the Reformed tradition. Additionally, students at SFTS are privy to the academic resources at the University of California, Berkeley.

Shipping container clinic

A shipping container clinic is a type of shipping container architecture using intermodal containers (shipping containers) as the structural element of a medical clinic that can be easily deployed to remote regions of the world. Shipping containers are ideal because of their inherent strength, wide availability and relatively low cost. In addition, and most relevant, shipping containers can be deployed anywhere in the world with the clinic already assembled within the container. This means pop-up clinics can be operational within days after deployment.

Social distancing

Social distancing is a term applied to certain nonpharmaceutical infection control actions that are taken by public health officials to stop or slow down the spread of a highly contagious disease. The objective of social distancing is to reduce the probability of contact between persons carrying an infection, and others who are not infected, so as to minimize disease transmission, morbidity and ultimately, mortality.Social distancing is most effective when the infection can be transmitted via droplet contact (coughing or sneezing); direct physical contact, including sexual contact; indirect physical contact (e.g. by touching a contaminated surface such as a fomite); or airborne transmission (if the microorganism can survive in the air for long periods).Social distancing may be less effective in cases where the infection is transmitted primarily via contaminated water or food or by vectors such as mosquitoes or other insects, and less frequently from person to person.One of the earliest references to social distancing dates to the seventh century BC in the Book of Leviticus, 13:46: "And the leper in whom the plague is...he shall dwell alone; [outside] the camp shall his habitation be."Historically, leper colonies and lazarettos were established as a means of preventing the spread of leprosy and other contagious diseases through social distancing, until transmission was understood and effective treatments were invented.

To Save Humanity

To Save Humanity is a 2015 collection of 96 essays on global health from a collection of authors who range from heads of states, movie stars, scientists at leading universities, activists, and Nobel Prize winners. Each contributor was asked the same question: "What is the single most important thing for the future of global health over the next fifty years?" The collection was edited by Julio Frenk and Steven J. Hoffman.


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