This is an incomplete list of the last surviving veterans of American wars. The last surviving veteran of any particular war, upon their death, marks the end of a historic era. Exactly who is the last surviving veteran is often an issue of contention, especially with records from long-ago wars. The "last man standing" was often very young at the time of enlistment and in many cases had lied about his age to gain entry into the service, which confuses matters further.
|American Indian Wars (1540–1774)|
|Samuel Murphy||1758–1851||Virginia colonists. Last participant of Lord Dunmore's War|
|Noah Johnson||1698–1798||New England colonists. Last participant of Lovewell's War|
|French and Indian War (1754–1763)|
|John Owen||1741–1843||British Army. Enlisted in 1758. Also fought in the Revolutionary War.|
|Jonathan Benjamin||1738–1841||British Army. Also fought in the Revolutionary War.|
|American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)|
|Daniel Frederick Bakeman||1759–1869||Continental Army. Last veteran drawing a pension awarded by Congress; granted a pension in 1867 even though he could not prove his service.|
|John Gray||1764–1868||Continental Army. Last verifiable veteran. Served at Yorktown. Six month service period was too short to qualify for pension. Granted a pension in 1867.|
|Samuel Downing||1761–1867||Continental Army. Fought at Saratoga.|
|Lemuel Cook||1759–1866||Continental Army. Served with the 2nd Light Dragoons at Brandywine.|
|Elijah Churchill||1755–1841||Continental Army. Last Badge of Military Merit recipient.|
|American Indian Wars (1775–1924)|
|Frederick Fraske||1872–1973||U.S. Army.|
|John Daw||1870–1965||U.S. Army. Last Indian Scout.|
|Dewey Beard||1857–1955||Lakota Tribe. Last Native American participant of the Battle of the Little Big Horn. Also survived Wounded Knee.|
|John Winchell Cullen||1838–1939||U.S. Army. Fought in the Yakima War.|
|Shays' Rebellion (1786–1787)|
|David Whitney||1767–1867||Massachusetts State Militia.|
|Whiskey Rebellion (1791–1794)|
|Michael Edwards||1767?–1876||Pennsylvania State Militia.|
|War of 1812 (1812–1815)|
|Hiram Cronk||1800–1905||U.S. Army.|
|Black Hawk War (1832)|
|Henry L. Riggs||1812–1911||U.S. Army.|
|Toledo War (1835–1836)|
|Riley Crooks Crawford||1817–1910||Michigan State Militia.|
|Texas Revolution (1835–1836)|
|William P. Zuber||1820–1913||Texas Volunteers.|
|Bear Flag Revolt (1846)|
|John Grider||1826–1924||California rebel.|
|Mexican–American War (1846–1848)|
|Owen Thomas Edgar||1831–1929||U.S. Navy. Served on the USS Potomac and USS Allegheny.|
|Bleeding Kansas (1854–1861)|
|John Brown||1844–1940||Border Ruffian. Participated in the Lawrence Massacre with Quantrill's Raiders.|
|John Edward Rastall||1840–1927||Free-Stater.|
|George Roe||1834–1927||Free-Stater. Served at the Battle of Black Jack|
|American Civil War (1861–1865)|
|Albert Henry Woolson||1850–1956||Union Army. Last verified Union veteran.|
|James Albert Hard||1841–1953||Union Army. Last combat veteran. |
|Pleasant Riggs Crump||1847–1951||Confederate Army. Last verified Confederate veteran. See Last surviving Confederate veterans.|
|William Sickles||1844-1938||Union Army. Last Medal of honor recipient.|
|Korean Expedition (1871)|
|William F. Lukes||1847-1923||U.S. Navy. Served on the USS Colorado. Last Medal of honor recipient.|
|Boxer Rebellion (1897–1901)|
|Nathan E. Cook||1885–1992||U.S. Navy.|
|William Seach||1877–1978||U.S. Navy. Served on the USS Newark. Last Medal of Honor recipient.|
|Spanish–American War (1898)|
|Jones Morgan||1882–1993||U.S. Army.|
|John Davis||1877–1970||U.S. Navy. Served on the USS Marblehead. Last Medal of Honor recipient.|
|Second Samoan Civil War (1898–99)|
|Bruno Albert Forsterer||1869–1957||U.S. Army. Last Medal of Honor recipient.|
|Banana Wars (1898–1934)|
|Donald Leroy Truesdell||1906-1993||U.S.Marine Corps. Served in Nicaragua. Last Medal of Honor recipient.|
|Herman H. Hanneken||1893-1986||U.S. Marine Corps. Served in Haiti. Last Medal of Honor recipient.|
|George M. Lowry||1889-1981||U.S. Navy. Served on the USS Florida at Veracruz. Last Medal of Honor recipient.|
|Roswell Winans||1887-1968||U.S. Marine Corps. Served in Dominican Republic. Last Medal of Honor recipient.|
|Philippine–American War (1899–1902)|
|Nathan E. Cook||1885–1992||U.S. Navy. Served in on the USS Pensacola.|
|John Thomas Kennedy||1885–1969||U.S. Army. Last Medal of Honor recipient.|
|Border War (1910–1919)|
|Samuel Goldberg||1900–2006||U.S. Army.|
|World War I (1914–1918)|
|Frank Woodruff Buckles||1901–2011||U.S. Army.|
|Edouard Izac||1891-1990||U.S. Navy. Served on the USS Florida and USS President Lincoln. Last Medal of Honor recipient.|
|Pancho Villa Expedition (1916–1917)|
|Mark Matthews||1894–2005||U.S. Army.|
|Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War (1918–1925)|
|American and other Allied forces were involved in the Polar Bear Expedition which began during World War I and continued into the Russian Civil War|
|Warren V. Hileman||1901–2005||U.S. Army. Served in the 27th Infantry Regiment as part of the American Expeditionary Force Siberia.|
|Harold Gunnes||1899–2003||U.S. Navy. Served on the USS Olympia. Also attached to the 339th Infantry Regiment as part of the Polar Bear Expedition.|
|Spanish Civil War (1936–1939)|
|Delmer Berg||1915–2016||International Brigades. Volunteered in 1938. Served in anti-aircraft in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. Lived in Columbia, California.|
Aaron Simon Daggett (June 14, 1837 – May 14, 1938) was a career United States Army officer. He was the last surviving brevet Union general of the American Civil War, and the last surviving general of any grade from the war, when he died at the age of 100 in 1938. Daggett was nominated for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general, to rank from March 13, 1865, by President Andrew Johnson on February 21, 1866 and was confirmed by the United States Senate on April 10, 1866. During the war, Daggett fought at West Point, Gaines' Mill, Golding's Farm, White Oak Swamp, Second Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, Rappahannock Station, Fredericksburg, Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of Mine Run, Battle of the Wilderness and Battle of Cold Harbor. Daggett was a brigadier general of volunteers in the Spanish–American War. He was appointed to the brigadier general grade to rank from September 1, 1898 and was mustered out of the volunteers on November 30, 1898. He was promoted to brigadier general in the Regular Army (United States) ten days before his retirement from the army on March 2, 1901.Albert Woolson
Albert Henry Woolson (February 11, 1850 – August 2, 1956) was the last known surviving member of the Union Army who served in the American Civil War; he was also the last surviving Civil War veteran on either side whose status is undisputed. At least three men who followed him in death claimed to be Confederate veterans, but one has been debunked and the other two are unverified. The last surviving Union soldier to see combat was James Hard (1841–1953).Daniel F. Bakeman
Daniel Frederick Bakeman (October 9, 1759 – April 5, 1869) was the last survivor receiving a veteran's pension for service in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783).Frank Buckles
Frank Woodruff Buckles (born Wood Buckles, February 1, 1901 – February 27, 2011) was a United States Army corporal and the last surviving American military veteran of World War I. He enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1917 at the age of 16 and served with a detachment from Fort Riley, driving ambulances and motorcycles near the front lines in Europe.
During World War II, a month before his forty-first birthday, he was captured by Japanese forces while working in the shipping business, and spent three years in the Philippines as a civilian prisoner. After the war, Buckles married in San Francisco and moved to Gap View Farm near Charles Town, West Virginia. A widower at age 98, he worked on his farm until the age of 105.
In his last years, he was Honorary Chairman of the World War I Memorial Foundation. As chairman, he advocated the establishment of a World War I memorial similar to other war memorials in Washington, D.C.. Toward this end, Buckles campaigned for the District of Columbia War Memorial to be renamed the National World War I Memorial. He testified before Congress in support of this cause, and met with President George W. Bush at the White House.
Buckles was awarded the World War I Victory Medal at the conclusion of that conflict, and the Army of Occupation of Germany Medal retroactively following the medal's creation in 1941, as well as the French Legion of Honor in 1999. His funeral was on March 15, 2011, at Arlington National Cemetery, with President Barack Obama paying his respects prior to the ceremony with full military honors.Frederick Fraske
Frederick (Fredrak) W. Fraske (March 8, 1872 – June 18, 1973) is believed to have been the last surviving veteran of the Indian Wars.Hiram Cronk
Hiram Cronk (April 29, 1800 – May 13, 1905) was the last surviving veteran of the War of 1812 at the time of his death. He lived to the age of 105.James Hard
James Albert Hard (July 15, 1841 – March 12, 1953) was the last verified living Union combat veteran of the American Civil War and the third-to-last verified veteran overall; only drummer-boys Frank H. Mayer and Albert Woolson post-deceased him. Though he claimed to have been born in 1841, research in 2006 found that the 1850 Census indicated a birthdate of 1843.
He died in Rochester, New York, at the claimed age of 111. Census research indicates, however, that he was probably a year or two younger and may have inflated his age to gain service. He is recorded as having joined the Union army on May 14, 1861, aged '19.' The 1850, 1910 and 1920 censuses, however, indicate that he was born in 1843 and 1842.Hard is reported to have fought as an infantryman in the 37th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment at the battles of First Bull Run, Antietam, Chancellorsville, and Fredericksburg, and to have met Abraham Lincoln at a White House reception.John Daw
John Daw (1870–1965) was the last surviving U.S. Army Indian Scout veteran that had served in the Indian Wars. He was a Navajo Indian given the Navajo name Hastiintsoh at birth. His parents, grandparents, as well as other close relatives were part of the Long Walk of the Navajo to Fort Sumner, and were confined with the other Navajo at Fort Sumner in the 1860s.
He enlisted in the U.S. Army on May 7, 1891, with the name John Daw. He was assigned to the U.S. Army 2nd Cavalry, which was posted at Fort Wingate in the New Mexico Territory. After being issued uniforms, guns, ammunition, and horses, he felt the cavalry soldiers' training was very thorough. He stated that the target practice and other military training was continued until they were very highly trained soldiers. He worked as a tracker, specifically looking for Apache Indians, and he served in this capacity until he left the service on December 5, 1894.
In the last years of his life he lived in a hogan with his wife at the Red Lake Trading Post near Tonalea, Arizona on Navajo Nation land. At that time, he was a sheep herder, drove his own wagon, and claimed he could hear an approaching automobile from 10 miles away, although his eyesight was no longer good. His wife Susie's eyesight was good, but her hearing was poor.
He died in 1965, and he was buried on Navajo Nation land in Coconino County, Arizona. His grave site is in Red Lake, and it is listed as a historic grave site in the county. There is also a mountain summit named after him called John Daw Mesa, which is located just east of Red Lake.Jones Morgan
Jones Morgan (23 October 1882 – 29 August 1993) was an American supercentenarian who claimed he was the last surviving veteran of the Spanish–American War.Last European veterans by war
This is an incomplete list of the last surviving European veterans of several wars. The last surviving veteran of any particular war, upon his death, marks the end of a historic era. Exactly who is the last surviving veteran is often an issue of contention, especially with records from long-ago wars. The "last man standing" was often very young at the time of enlistment and in many cases had lied about his age to gain entry into the service, which confuses matters further.Lemuel Cook
Lemuel Cook (September 10, 1759 – May 20, 1866) was one of the last verifiable surviving veterans of the American Revolutionary War.List of last surviving veterans of military insurgencies and wars
This a chronological list of the last surviving veterans of military insurgencies, conflicts and wars around the world. The listed wars span from the 13th century BC to the beginning of World War II. Most last survivors of particular campaigns or wars were junior officers or soldiers/naval ratings of non-commissioned rank in the early years of their service careers at the time.Nathan E. Cook
Nathan Edward Cook (October 10, 1885 – September 10, 1992) was a sailor in the United States Navy during the Philippine–American War whose naval career continued through the Second World War. When he died at the age of 106 he was the oldest surviving American war veteran.Outline of the American Civil War
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the American Civil War:
American Civil War – civil war in the United States of America that lasted from 1861 to 1865. Eleven Southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America, also known as "the Confederacy." Led by Jefferson Davis, the Confederacy fought against the United States (the Union), which was supported by all the free states (where slavery had been abolished) and by five slave states that became known as the border states.Pleasant Crump
Pleasant Riggs Crump (December 23, 1847 – December 31, 1951) is the last verifiable veteran who fought for the Confederacy during the American Civil War. Although he was survived by several other claimants in the 1950s, such as William Lundy, John B. Salling and Walter Williams, historical research has subsequently debunked these claims. Crump officially remains the last surviving veteran of the Confederate Army.Robley Rex
Robley Henry Rex (May 2, 1901 – April 28, 2009) was a World War I-era veteran and was, at the age of 107, one of two remaining U.S. veterans related to the First World War.
Rex was born in Hopkinsville, Kentucky and enlisted in the military in May, 1919, six months after the Armistice date. He was the last Kentucky World War I era veteran, and the last known World War I era veteran of the United States. He served in the Intelligence Unit.
He enlisted in the 5th Infantry Division and later served in the 28th Infantry Division. He trained at Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky, and Fort Meade, Maryland, before he was deployed to Europe, where there was still a strong military presence, in order to restabilize Europe post-war. While overseas he served in Andernach, and Coblenz, Germany. After being discharged from the Army with the rank of Private First Class in August 1922, Rex returned to Louisville, Kentucky, where he became a postal worker and an ordained Methodist minister.
Rex met his future wife Gracie at Louisville's Camp Taylor before he was sent to Europe. They married in 1922 but never had children. She died in 1992.
In 1986, Rex turned to volunteerism, lending support to fellow veterans at the Louisville Veteran's Administration Medical Center. Rex logged more than 14,000 hours of volunteer time while at the Center. He continued to volunteer there three days a week, even at age 105. For his 107th birthday, Rex was presented the Kentucky Governor's Award for Outstanding Volunteer Service. He was also honored in 2005 by the national Veterans of Foreign Wars as National Volunteer of the Year.
Rex died at the Louisville V.A. Medical Center, four days before his 108th birthday. His family requested a private funeral. He was buried on May 6, 2009 at Zachary Taylor National Cemetery.
The Louisville V.A. Medical Center was renamed the Robley Rex V.A. Medical Center in his honor in April 2010.
Upon Rex's death, Frank Buckles (who had actually served in World War I prior to the armistice) became the last surviving United States World War I-era veteran.Surviving U.S. veterans of World War II
There were 16,112,566 members of the United States Armed Forces during World War II. There were 291,557 battle deaths, 113,842 other deaths in service (non-theater), and 670,846 non-mortal woundings. According to the Department of Veterans Affairs, around 496,777 American veterans from the war were estimated to still be alive in September 2018.Walter Williams (centenarian)
Walter Washington Williams (1842 – December 19, 1959) was a forager for Hood's Brigade and thus presumed to be the last surviving veteran of the American Civil War.William Lundy
William Allen Lundy (January 18, 1848? – September 1, 1957) claimed to be one of the last living Confederate veterans of the American Civil War, having claimed to have served with the 4th Alabama Infantry from 1864 to 1865. His age is disputed and some records suggest he was born in 1859, not 1848.
(over age 100)
(over age 110)