Landing craft tank

The landing craft, tank (or tank landing craft) was an amphibious assault craft for landing tanks on beachheads. They were initially developed by the British Royal Navy and later by the United States Navy during World War II in a series of versions. Initially known as the "tank landing craft" (TLC) by the British, they later adopted the U.S. nomenclature "landing craft, tank" (LCT). The United States continued to build LCTs post-war, and used them under different designations in the Korean and Vietnam Wars.

IWM-H-19057-Crusader-landing-19420426
A Crusader I tank emerges from the tank landing craft TLC-124, 26 April 1942

Development

Let there be built great ships which can cast upon a beach, in any weather, large numbers of the heaviest tanks.
— Winston Churchill, Memo to War Department, 1940[1]

In 1926, the first motor landing craft (MLC1) was built by the Royal Navy. It weighed 16 tons, with a draught of 6 feet 6 inches (1.98 m), and was capable of about 6 knots (11 km/h; 6.9 mph). It was later developed into the landing craft mechanised.

It was at the insistence of the British prime minister Winston Churchill in mid-1940 that the LCT was created. Its speed was 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) on engines delivering about 700 hp (520 kW).[2] Designated the LCT Mark 1, 20 were ordered in July 1940 and a further 10 in October 1940.[3])

Mark 1

Class overview
Name: LCT Mark 1
Operators:  Royal Navy
Built: 1940
Completed: 30
General characteristics [1]
Displacement: 372 long tons (378 t)
Length: 152 ft (46 m)
Beam: 29 ft (8.8 m)
Draught: 3 ft (0.91 m) (forward)
Propulsion: 2 × 350 hp (261 kW) Hall-Scott petrol engine, 2 shafts
Speed: 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph)
Range: 900 nmi (1,700 km; 1,000 mi)
Capacity: 250 long tons (254 t)
Complement: 12 (2 officers, 10 enlisted men)
Armament: 2 × single 2-pounder pom-pom
Armour:
  • Wheelhouse : 15 lb
  • Gunshield : 20 lb

The first LCT Mark 1 was launched by Hawthorn Leslie in November 1940.

Mark 2

Class overview
Name: LCT Mark 2
Operators:  Royal Navy
Built: 1941
Completed: 73
General characteristics [1]
Displacement: 590 short tons (535 t)
Length: 159 ft 11 in (48.74 m)
Beam: 30 ft (9.1 m)
Draught: 3 ft 8 in (1.12 m) (forward)
Propulsion: 3 × 460 hp (343 kW) Paxman diesels or 350 hp (261 kW) Napier Lion petrol engines, 3 shafts
Speed: 10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph)
Range: 2,700 nmi (5,000 km)
Capacity: 5 × 30-ton or 4 × 40-ton or 3 × 50-ton tanks or 9 trucks or 250 long tons (254 t) of cargo
Complement: 12
Armament: 2 × single 2-pounder pom-pom or 2 × single Bofors 40 mm guns
Armour:
  • Wheelhouse : 2.5 in (64 mm)
  • Gun shield : 2 in (51 mm)

The LCT Mark 2 was longer and wider than the Mark 1, with three Paxman diesel or Napier Lion petrol engines replacing the Hall-Scotts. At 2,700 nautical miles (5,000 km; 3,100 mi), it had three times the range of its predecessor. Seventy-three Mk.2s were built.[2]

The Royal Navy during the Second World War A12060
LCT Mark 2

Mark 3

Class overview
Name: LCT Mark 3
Operators:  Royal Navy
Built: 1941
Completed: 235
General characteristics [1]
Displacement: 640 long tons (650 t)
Length: 192 ft (59 m)
Beam: 30 ft (9.1 m)
Draught: 3 ft 10 in (1.17 m) (forward)
Propulsion: 2 × 460 hp (343 kW) Paxman diesels or Sterling petrol engines, 2 shafts
Speed: 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph)
Range: 2,700 nmi (5,000 km)
Capacity: 300 long tons (305 t) of cargo
Complement: 12
Armament: 2 × single 2-pounder pom-pom or 2 × single Bofors 40 mm guns
Armour:
  • Wheelhouse : 15 lb
  • Gun shields : 20 lb

With a length of 192 feet (59 m), the Mark 3 was 32-foot (9.8 m) longer than the Mark 2. Even with this extra weight, the vessel was slightly faster than the Mark 1. Two hundred and thirty-five Mk.3s were built.[2]

Mark 4

Class overview
Name: LCT Mark 4
Operators:  Royal Navy
Built: 1941–1942
Completed: 865
General characteristics [1]
Displacement: 586 long tons (595 t)
Length: 187 ft 3 in (57.07 m)
Beam: 38 ft 9 in (11.81 m)
Draught: 3 ft 8 in (1.12 m) (forward)
Propulsion: 2 × 460 hp (343 kW) Paxman diesel engines, 2 shafts
Speed: 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph)
Range: 1,100 nmi (2,000 km)
Capacity: 350 long tons (356 t) of cargo
Complement: 12
Armament: 2 × single Oerlikon 20 mm cannon or 2 × single Bofors 40 mm guns
Armour:
  • Wheelhouse : 15 lb
  • Gun shields : 15 lb

The Mark 4 had a much wider beam (38 ft 9 in (11.81 m)) than the Mark 3. Built for use in the English Channel, it had a displacement of 586 tons and was powered by two 460 hp Paxman diesels. With a capacity of 350 tons, it could carry nine M4 Sherman or six Churchill tanks. Eight hundred and sixty-five Mk.4s were built, the largest LCT production in British yards.[2]

Testing during the Dieppe Raid in 1942 revealed a lack of maneuverability, so further versions were shorter in length.[2]

Mark 5

LCT202
LCT-202 off the coast of England, 1944
Class overview
Name: LCT Mark 5
Operators:
Built: 1942–1944
Completed: 470
General characteristics [1]
Displacement: 286 short tons (259 t) (landing)
Length: 117 ft 6 in (35.81 m)
Beam: 32 ft (9.8 m)
Draft:
  • 2 ft 10 in (0.86 m) forward
  • 4 ft 2 in (1.27 m) aft (landing)
Propulsion: 3 × 225 hp (168 kW) Gray marine diesels, 3 shafts
Speed: 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph)
Range: 700 nmi (1,300 km) at 7 kn (13 km/h)
Capacity: 5 × 30-ton or 4 × 40-ton or 3 × 50-ton tanks or 9 trucks or 150 short tons (136 t) of cargo
Complement: 13 (1 officer, 12 enlisted men)
Armament: 2 × single 20 mm AA gun mounts
Armor:
  • Wheelhouse 2.5 in (64 mm)
  • Gun shield 2 in (51 mm)

After World War II, eleven were used in 1950-1960 by the Polish Navy amphibious forces, with BDS, later ODS prefixes.[4].

Mark 6

Débarquement provence saint-raphael ile d'or
LCT-1141 unloading at Saint-Raphaël in southern France during Operation Dragoon, August 15, 1944
Class overview
Name: LCT Mark 6
Operators:
Built: 1943–1944
Completed: 960
General characteristics [1]
Displacement: 284 short tons (258 t)
Length: 119 ft 1 in (36.30 m)
Beam: 32 ft 8 in (9.96 m)
Draft: 3 ft 4 in (1.02 m) (forward)
Propulsion: 3 × 225 hp (168 kW) Gray marine diesels, 3 shafts
Speed: 7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph)
Range: 700 nmi (1,300 km) at 7 kn (13 km/h)
Capacity: 150 short tons (136 t) of cargo
Complement: 12
Armament:
  • 2 × single 20 mm AA gun mounts
  • Up to 4 × single 50 cal. machine guns
Armor:
  • Wheelhouse : 20 lb
  • Gun shields : 10 lb

Nine hundred and sixty Mk.6s were built. One hundred and sixty Mk.5 and Mk.6 LCTs were lend-leased to the Royal Navy,[2] and a small number to the Soviet Union.

Mark 7

Uss LSM-437
USS LSM-437 underway

The Mark 7 was an even larger LCT that could carry troops. In 1944, when the Mk.7 design reached a length of 203 feet, its designation was changed to landing ship medium (LSM). The new variant could attain speeds of up to 12 knots and saw usage in the Pacific. 558 were built.[2]

Mark 8

An old photo of HMAV Abbeville (L4041)
The LCT Mark 8 HMAV Abbeville (L4041)

The 225-foot LCT Mark 8, intended for service in the Pacific, was developed by the British in 1944. One hundred and eighty-six Mk.8s were ordered; however, when the war ended, most were cancelled and scrapped, or sold directly into civilian service. Only 31 entered service with the Royal Navy.[2] Twelve were later transferred to the British Army; these were initially operated by the Royal Army Service Corps, then by the Royal Corps of Transport. Between 1958 and 1966, the other 19 ships were transferred to foreign navies or civilian companies, converted for other uses, or otherwise disposed of.

Mark 9

An even larger LCT Mark 9 was considered in 1944, but the design was never finalized and no examples were built.[2]

Armament

The LCTs had a variety of weapons, with the British 2-pounder pom-pom mounts being gradually replaced by the faster firing 20 mm Oerlikon. The 40 mm Bofors was also widely used, and proved that the LCT was an excellent gunfire support vessel.[2]

Conversions and modifications

LCT Launching Rockets
LCT(R), T125 launching a rocket salvo (1943)

Several special purpose versions were created for use during the Normandy landings. The British created the Landing craft tank (rocket) (LCT(R)) modified to fire salvoes of three-inch RP-3 rockets,[2] while the landing craft guns (large) (LCG(L)) was armed with two QF 4.7 inch guns, eight Oerlikon 20 mm AA guns and two 2-pounder pom-poms.[5] These ships did not beach; their mission was close-in gunfire support.[6]

The landing craft tank (armored) (LCT(A)) was designed for use by the first wave and was equipped with additional armour protection for the crew stations and on the bows, while a heavy wooden ramp allowed the two forward tanks to fire forward. These were all U.S-built LCT Mk.5s, which had been lend-leased to the British for Mediterranean operations, then "reverse lend-leased" back to the U.S. for the invasion.[6]

The landing craft tank (self-propelled) (LCT(SP)) carried self-propelled guns for fire support; in U.S. vessels these were 155 mm, while the British used M7 105 mm self-propelled guns and called them landing craft tank (high explosive) (LCT(HE)). A related variant was the British landing craft tank (concrete buster) (LCT(CB)), which carried three British Sherman Firefly tanks fitted with the 17-pounder high velocity gun, specifically deployed to attack fortifications.[7] Other variants included the landing craft tank (hospital) (LCT(H)) for casualty evacuation, and one LCT served as a floating bakery at Normandy.[2]

Some LCTs with specialized weaponry were used as floating anti-aircraft batteries. These were often manned by mixed army and navy crews. Others were modified after the war for uses such as dredging.[2]

USS LCT-749
USS LCT-749 launched from on board USS LST-767, off Okinawa on 3 April 1945. The LCT had been put aboard the LST at Pearl Harbor on 10 December 1944.

Post-war

Unlike most wartime landing craft the LCT remained in active duty with the U.S. Navy after the war, and many LCTs were also loaned or given to the post-war navies of Allied countries.[2] In late 1949, their designation was changed to landing ship utility (LSU), and changed again on 15 April 1952 to landing craft utility (LCU). New landing craft (the LCU 1610-, 1627- and 1646-classes) were also built to a modified Mark 5 design. Some were later reclassified during the Vietnam War as harbor utility crafts (YFUs) as they no longer served in an amphibious assault role, but were used in harbor support roles such as transporting goods from supply ships.

In 1964, NASA converted an LCT Mk.5 for astronaut recovery training as MV Retriever.

Current tanks are mostly transported via Airlift or National Defense Reserve Fleet freighters (during the Persian Gulf War[8]) over long distances, but can be delivered by Landing Craft Air Cushion.

Survivors

As of August 2007,[9] at least one wartime LCT is still in use, the Mark 5 LCT-203, now renamed Outer Island, and operating on Lake Superior, working as a dredge and construction barge.[10]

The British Mark 2, converted to LCT rocket LCT(2)(R) 147 served in the North Africa landings, then as a clandestine immigration ship post-war. She is now at the Clandestine Immigration and Naval Museum in Haifa, Israel. [11]

The British Mark 3 LCT 7074 served in Normandy and was decommissioned in 1948, and presented to the Master Mariners' Club of Liverpool to be used as their club ship and renamed Landfall. Later converted into a floating nightclub, in the late 1990s the vessel was acquired by the Warship Preservation Trust and was moored at Birkenhead. In January 2006, the Trust went into liquidation[12] and the ship was left to rot, and by April 2010 had sunk at her berth. The craft was refloated in East Float on 16 October 2014 and moved to Portsmouth for renovation.[13][14]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "The Evolution Of the Landing Craft Tank". World War II Landing Craft Tanks. Archived from the original on 1 June 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Hearde, Basil. "The Tin Armada: Saga of the LCT". World War II Landing Craft Tanks. Archived from the original on 2 September 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
  3. ^ "Landing Craft, Tank (LCT)". Global Security.org. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
  4. ^ Soroka, Marek (1986). Polskie Okręty Wojenne 1945-1980. Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Morskie, ISBN 83-215-3249-7(in Polish). p. 73-77
  5. ^ "Landing Craft Guns (Large) Index". Navsource Naval History. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
  6. ^ a b "LCT(A)s at Normandy on D-day". World War II Landing Craft Tanks. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
  7. ^ Friedman, Norman (2002). U.S. Amphibious Ships and Craft: An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 246. ISBN 978-1-55750-250-6. Retrieved 17 January 2011 – via Google books.
  8. ^ Seigle, Greg (February 23, 2011). "Gulf War 20th: Logistics Marvels Made the "Left Hook" Work". Defense Media Network.
  9. ^ "LCT-203". World War II Landing Craft Tanks. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
  10. ^ "CSI: UWSP Archives? History Detectives in Action..." University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point University Library. 2004. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
  11. ^ "INS Af Al Pi Chen". Historic Naval Ships Association. 10 May 2014.
  12. ^ "Landfall". National Register of Historic Vessels. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
  13. ^ Elson, Peter (15 October 2014). "D-Day landing craft to be raised from Wirral dock". Liverpool Echo. Trinity Mirror Merseyside. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
  14. ^ Kennedy, Maev (15 October 2014). "D-day tank carrier Landfall refloated for restoration". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 16 October 2014.

External links

Cliff Bourland

Clifford Frederick Bourland (January 1, 1921 – February 1, 2018) was an American athlete who won a gold medal in the 4 × 400 m relay at the 1948 Summer Olympics.

Born in Los Angeles, California, of a German mother and an American father, Bourland ran in a competition for the first time in 1932. Graduating from Venice High School in Los Angeles, Bourland enrolled to University of Southern California and was coached by the famous Dean Cromwell. Bourland won the AAU championships in 400 m and the NCAA championships in 440 yd in 1942 and 1943. During the World War II, Bourland served in the Navy as a captain of a landing craft tank. At the London Olympics, Bourland was fifth in 200 m and won the gold medal as a member of American 4 × 400 m relay team, running the second leg in 47.3 seconds.After the Olympics, Bourland retired from sports. After a failed attempt to start a career in municipal politics, he was hired by an insurance company. In 1984 he was a part owner of the mortgage banking firm called Norris, Biggs and Simpson.

HMS Forth (A187)

HMS Forth, pennant number F04 later A187, was a submarine depot ship.

Forth was completed in 1939. She served at bases in Scotland including Holy Loch on the Clyde and at Halifax in Canada during the Second World War.During the war Forth was adopted by Stirlingshire as part of Warship Week. The plaque from this adoption is held by the National Museum of the Royal Navy in Portsmouth.During her stay in Malta in the 1950s she was moored on the east side of Msida creek. In 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. She left Malta in 1960.

She was modified to support the Royal Navy's nuclear-powered submarines at H.M.Dockyard Chatham between 1962-1966.She arrived in Singapore in mid-1966 to relieve HMS Medway (former Landing craft tank HMS LCT 1109) as depot ship of the 7th Submarine Squadron. She left Singapore to return to the United Kingdom on 31 March 1971.HMS Forth transported the first Hovercraft to Australia in 1968, a small two or three seater.

HMS Medway

Eleven ships and a shore establishment of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Medway, after the River Medway.

HMS Medway (1693), a 60-gun fourth rate launched in 1693, rebuilt in 1718 and hulked in 1740. She was beached in 1748 and a sheer hulk and was broken up in 1749.

HMS Medway (1742), a 60-gun fourth rate launched in 1742 and scuttled in 1748.

HMS Medway (1755), a 60-gun fourth rate launched in 1755. She was used as a receiving ship after 1787, and was renamed HMS Arundel in 1802. She was broken up in 1811.

HMS Medway (1756), a 6-gun storeship purchased in 1756. She was used as a dockyard craft in 1760 and was sold in 1764.

HMS Medway (1812), a 74-gun third rate launched in 1812. She was used as a convict ship after 1847, and was sold in 1865.

HMS Medway (1876), an iron-hulled screw gunboat launched in 1876 and sold in 1904.

HMS Medway (1916), an M-class destroyer, originally to have been named HMS Redwing. This was changed to Medora in 1915, and then Medway before her launch in 1916. She was sold in 1921.

HMS Medway (F25), a submarine depot ship launched in 1928 and sunk by U-372 in 1942.

HMS Medway (shore establishment), were submarine base shore establishments in the Mediterranean, listed between 1942 and 1946. A number of ships were renamed HMS Medway II whilst serving as depot ships for the establishment, including:

HMS Talbot, previously HMS M29 was Medway II between 1944 and 1945.

HMS Bagshot was Medway II between 1945 and 1946.

HMS Medway was the former Landing craft tank HMS LCT 1109. She was HMS Medway between 1959 and 1970 whilst serving as a submarine depot ship.

HMS Medway (P223) is a River-class patrol vessel currently undergoing trials, she is due to be commissioned in 2019.

LCT

LCT may refer to:

Labour Congress of Thailand

Lactase, an enzyme, and the LCT gene that encodes lactase

Landing craft tank

Language and Communication Technologies

LCT, a line of Quantum Fireball hard disk drives

LCT resort, Busan, South Korea

Ligue Communiste des Travailleurs, former Senegal political party

Local Civil time

Lysosomal cystine transporter family

Long-chain triglyceride

LCT 7074

LCT 7074 is the last surviving Landing Craft, Tank (LCT) in the UK. LCT 7074 is an amphibious assault ship for landing tanks, other vehicles and troops on beachheads. Built in 1944 by Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Hebburn, the Mark 3 LCT 7074 was part of the 17th LCT Flotilla during Operation Neptune, the naval dimension of the D-Day landings in June 1944.

LCT 7074 was decommissioned in 1948, and used by the Master Mariners' Club of Liverpool as their club ship Landfall. It served as a floating nightclub in the 60s and 70s. It was acquired by the Warship Preservation Trust in the late 1990s and was moored at Birkenhead for restoration but the Trust went into liquidation. The vessel was raised in October 2014 and transported by sea to Portsmouth for restoration.

Landing Craft (Gun) Tower

Landing Craft (Gun) Tower, abbreviated as LC(G)T, also known as the Normandy Bombardment Tower, was a unique catamaran built in 1943. It was designed to act as a semi-mobile gun tower which could be used to out-gun any German beach defences during the Allied invasion of Normandy in 1944. It is described in some sources as a "semi-submersible austerity inshore monitor".Several were originally planned, but only one was built as the design had been superseded by the various other support craft in production, such as the Landing Craft Tank (Rocket).HMS LC(G)T 1, was never used, and was sold post-war to a company in Hong Kong, who used it as a lifting craft.

Landing Craft Tank (Rocket)

The Landing Craft Tank (Rocket) or LCT(R) was developed from the British Mk.2 and Mk.3 Landing Craft Tank (LCT) during the Second World War. It was designed to saturate beaches with up to 1,066 RP-3 60 lb rockets prior to the landing of troops. Used by both British and U.S. forces, the craft saw service in the Normandy landings, the Mediterranean and the Far East.

List of British Army Ships

Ships or other maritime vessels operated by the British Army include:

Mark 8 Landing Craft Tank, initially operated by the Royal Army Service Corps, which then became the Royal Corps of Transport

Mexeflote, a landing raft used by the Royal Logistic Corps

List of ships and craft of Task Force O

Task Force O was the naval component responsible for landing troops at Omaha Beach during the Normandy Landings, June 6, 1944. Bombarding Force C, also part of Task Force O was the group responsible for supporting gunfire to the landings. Unless otherwise noted, all ships belonged to the United States Navy or United States Coast Guard.

List of shipwrecks in July 1944

The list of shipwrecks in July 1944 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during July 1944.

List of shipwrecks in June 1944

The list of shipwrecks in June 1944 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during June 1944.

Mark 8 Landing Craft Tank

The Mark 8 Landing Craft Tank (also referred to as the LCT (8) or LCT Mark VIII) were landing craft tank ships operated by the British Armed Forces. The vessels were based on an American design, but improved into ocean-going vessels capable of transiting to and operating in the Far East.

Although 187 vessels were ordered, the end of the Second World War meant that only 30 were completed for service in the Royal Navy, while another 6 were sold to civilian parties. 12 of the Royal Navy vessels were, from 1957, transferred to the British Army; these were initially operated by the Royal Army Service Corps, which then became the Royal Corps of Transport. Between 1958 and 1966, the other 18 Royal Navy ships were transferred or sold to foreign navies or civilian companies, converted for other uses, or otherwise disposed of. Several Army Mark 8s were also sold to foreign powers, with the design operated by the Royal Malaysian Navy, the French Navy, the Singaporean Navy, and the Military of Comoros.

During their service life, vessels of the class operated during the Suez Crisis and Indonesian Confrontation, and were involved in the setup and supply to guided weapons bases in the Hebrides as part of Operation Hardrock, primarily ferrying equipment from Cairnryan, near Stranraer, to the remote island of St. Kilda..

Eventually, they were replaced by Round Table class ships.

Mattress (rocket)

Mattress was the term applied to ground-based British-devised multiple rocket launchers during World War II. Compared with the German and Soviet forays into this area (the Nebelwerfer and Katyusha launchers respectively) the western Allies deployed these weapons late in the war. Nevertheless, they did see useful service as artillery support during the crossings of the Rhine and the Scheldt rivers.

Rocket vessel

A rocket vessel was a ship equipped with rockets as a weapon. The most famous ship of this type was HMS Erebus, which at the Battle of Baltimore in 1814 provided the "rockets' red glare" that was memorialized by Francis Scott Key in The Star-Spangled Banner.

Rocket vessels were also used by the Royal Navy in the attack on the French fleet at Boulogne-sur-Mer in 1806 and at the second Battle of Copenhagen in 1807. At the Battle of the Basque Roads in 1809, there were no less than three vessels participating that had been fitted to throw rockets: two hired armed cutters King George and Nimrod, and the schooner Whiting.

The Congreve rockets of this period were highly inaccurate and unreliable, and were primarily used as a psychological weapon of terror in conjunction with other, more effective, weapons, such as mortar shells thrown by bomb vessels.

The Erebus was equipped with a 32-pound rocket battery installed below the main deck, which fired through portholes or scuttles pierced in the ship's side. Some of the other rocket vessels used by the Royal Navy were small boats, rather than ships. These carried a rocket launcher frame supported by a mast and raised and lowered by means of halyards.

Modern warships carry a variety of rocket-powered missile weapons. Dedicated rocket ships were also occasionally used in the 20th century, such as the Landing Craft Tank (Rocket) used to support amphibious assaults in WWII.

Rocketship (disambiguation)

Rocketship, Rocket Ship, or Rocket ship may refer to:

A space vehicle

Rocket Ship, the original title of a 1936 feature film derived from the Flash Gordon serial

Landing Craft Tank (Rocket), military ships armed with rockets

Missile cruiser, military ships armed with missiles

Round Table-class landing ship logistics

The Round Table class, also known as the Sir Lancelot class, was a British ship class designed for amphibious warfare missions in support of the main amphibious warfare ships. They were designated landing ship logistics (LSL).

All ships were named after Knights of the Round Table.

Type 067 utility landing craft

The Type 067 landing craft, utility (NATO codename: Yunnan class), also known as Yunnan class, entered the People's Liberation Army Navy service from 1968–1972. This class is the enlarged version of Yuch'in class landing craft mechanized, developed into a landing craft tank (LCT) capable of carrying either a medium tank, or two armored fighting vehicles, or a company of infantry. Some Type 067 have been converted to buoy tender/cable layers, designated as Type 911, which includes two sub types, Type 911I and Type 911II, one for buoy tender, the other for cable layer.

USS LCT-242

USS LCT-242 was a Landing Craft Tank, Mark V landing craft built for the United States Navy in World War II. Like most of the ships of her type, she was not named and known only by her designation.

LCT-242 was built at Pidgeon-Thomas Iron Works in Memphis, Tennessee and delivered in September 1942.She was assigned to the European Theatre as a part of LCT Flotilla 10 in the Mediterranean.

On 2 December 1943, a circling torpedo impacted and sank LCT-242 off Naples.

Aircraft carriers
Battleships
Cruisers
Escort
Transport
Patrol craft
Fast attack craft
Mine warfare
Command and support
Submarines
Miscellaneous
World War II Maritime Commission ship designs
Cargo designs
Emergency cargo
Tanker
Special-Purpose
Miscellaneous-Cargo
Tugs
United States naval ship classes of World War II
Aircraft carriers
Light aircraft carriers
Escort carriers
Battleships
Large cruisers
Heavy cruisers
Light cruisers
Gunboats
Destroyers
Destroyer escorts
Patrol frigates
Patrol boats
Minelayers
Minesweepers
Submarines
Tankers
Cargo ships
Auxiliary ships

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.