Landing Zone English

Landing Zone English (also known as English Airfield, LZ Dog, LZ English or simply Bong Son) is a former U.S. Army base in Bồng Sơn, Bình Định Province, Vietnam.

Landing Zone English
Coordinates14°28′16″N 109°01′41″E / 14.471°N 109.028°E
TypeArmy
Site information
Conditionabandoned
Site history
Built1966
In use1966-71
Battles/wars
Vietnam Service Medal ribbon

Vietnam War
Battle of Bong Son
Garrison information
Occupants1st Cavalry Division
173rd Airborne Brigade
English Airfield
Summary
Elevation AMSL98 ft / 30 m
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
3,600 1,097 asphalt

History

1966-71

The base was located along Highway 1 approximately 82 km northwest of Qui Nhơn.[1]

LZ Dog was originally established by the 1st Cavalry Division in late January 1966 as part of Operation Irving.[1] The base served as headquarters (together with Camp Radcliff) for the 1st Cavalry Division from July 1967 to January 1968.[2]

English was the base for the 173rd Airborne Brigade from May 1968 to August 1971.[2]:158

From August–October 1968 the 18th Engineer Brigade upgraded the existing airstrip into a Lockheed C-130 Hercules capable airfield.[1]

Other units stationed at English included:

Current use

The base is abandoned and turned over to farmland, light industry and housing. The airfield remains visible on satellite images.

References

  1. ^ a b c Kelley, Michael (2002). Where we were in Vietnam. Hellgate Press. pp. 5–172. ISBN 978-1555716257.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Stanton, Shelby (2003). Vietnam Order of Battle. Stackpole Books. p. 73. ISBN 9780811700719.
Battle of An Bao

The Battle of An Bao took place from 5-6 May 1968 in Bình Định Province during the Vietnam War when elements of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) 3rd Division ambushed a unit of the 1st Battalion, 50th Infantry Regiment (Mechanized).

Battle of Huế

The Battle of Huế – also called the Siege of Huế – was one of the longest and bloodiest battles of the Vietnam War. Between 30 January and 3 March 1968, in the South Vietnamese city of Huế, 11 battalions of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), four U.S. Army battalions, and three U.S. Marine Corps battalions – totaling 18 battalions – defeated 10 battalions of the People's Army of Vietnam and the Viet Cong (VC).

By the beginning of the North Vietnamese Tet Offensive on January 30, 1968 – coinciding with the Vietnamese lunar New Year (Vietnamese: Tết Nguyên Đán) – large, conventional, U.S. forces had been committed to combat operations on Vietnamese soil for almost three years.

Highway 1, passing through the city of Huế, was an important supply line for ARVN, US, and Allied Forces from the coastal city of Da Nang to the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). It also provided access to the Perfume River (Vietnamese: Sông Hương or Hương Giang) at the point where the river ran through Huế, dividing the city into northern and southern parts. Huế was also a base for United States Navy supply boats.

Considering its logistical value and its proximity to the DMZ (only 50 kilometres (31 mi)), Huế should have been well-defended, fortified, and prepared for any communist attack. However, the city had few fortifications and was poorly defended.

While the ARVN 1st Division had cancelled all Tet leave and was attempting to recall its troops, the South Vietnamese and U.S. forces in the city were unprepared when the Viet Cong and the PAVN launched the Tet Offensive, attacking hundreds of military targets and population centers across the country, including Huế.The PAVN/Vietcong forces rapidly occupied most of the city. Over the next month, they were gradually driven out during intense house-to-house fighting led by the Marines and ARVN. In the end, although the Allies declared a military victory, the city of Huế was virtually destroyed, and more than 5,000 civilians were killed (2,800 of them executed by the PAVN and Viet Cong, according to the South Vietnamese government). The communist forces lost an estimated 2,400 to 8,000 killed, while Allied forces lost 668 dead and 3,707 wounded. The losses negatively affected the American public's perception of the war, and political support for the war began to wane.

Battle of Tam Quan

The Battle of Tam Quan was a battle that took place near Tam Quan Bình Định Province.

Landing Zone Two Bits

Landing Zone Two Bits (also known as FSB Two Bits) was a U.S. Army and Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) base located in the Bồng Sơn region northeast of An Khe, Bình Định Province in central Vietnam.

The base was located near the intersection of Highway 1 and Highway 514, approximately 50 km northeast of An Khe.

List of landing zones in the Vietnam War

Landing Zones during the U.S.-involvement in the Vietnam War include:

Landing Zone Albany, Central Highlands; involved in the Battle of Ia Drang

Landing Zone Baldy, Quảng Nam Province

Landing Zone Brace, Central Highlands

Landing Zone Brillo Pad, Central Highlands

Landing Zone Center, Quảng Tín Province; involved in the Battle of Landing Zone Center

Landing Zone Colt (Landing Zone Ordway) Quảng Nam Province

Landing Zone Dot, Tây Ninh Province

Landing Zone East (Landing Zone Mary Lou) Quảng Nam Province

Landing Zone English (Landing Zone Dog) Bình Định Province

Landing Zone Hereford, Bình Định Province

Landing Zone Kate, Quang Duc Province; U.S. Army base

Landing Zone Leslie, Quảng Nam Province

Landing Zone Liz, Quang Ngai Province

Landing Zone Loon, Quảng Trị Province

Landing Zone Mack, Quảng Trị Province

Landing Zone Margo, Quảng Trị Province

Landing Zone Oasis (Landing Zone Tuttle), central South Vietnam

Landing Zone Peanuts, Quảng Trị Province

Landing Zone Professional, Quang Tin Province

Landing Zone Robin, Quảng Trị Province; involved in Operation Robin

Landing Zone Schueller (Landing Zone Road), central South Vietnam

Landing Zone Sierra, Quảng Trị Province

Landing Zone Two Bits, Bình Định Province

Landing Zone Uplift, coastal South Vietnam

Landing Zone Virgin, Central Highlands

Landing Zone X-Ray, Central Highlands

Operation Pershing

Operation Pershing was an operation conducted by the 1st Cavalry Division, the 3rd Brigade, 25th Infantry Division, the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) 22nd Division and the South Korean Capital Division in Bình Định Province, lasting from 12 February 1967 to 19 January 1968.The operation concluded on 19 January 1968 with the 1st Cavalry Division being ordered to move 350km north from Landing Zone English in Bình Định Province to Camp Evans in Thừa Thiên Province as part of Operation Checkers, to increase the number of manoeveure battalions in I Corps in order to support the besieged Marines at Khe Sanh Combat Base and defeat any other People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) attack across the DMZ.

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