The Landing Craft Utility (LCU) is a type of boat used by amphibious forces to transport equipment and troops to the shore. They are capable of transporting tracked or wheeled vehicles and troops from amphibious assault ships to beachheads or piers.
The Engin de débarquement amphibie rapide (EDA-R) landing catamaran or L-CAT, entered service in January 2011. They can carry a main battle tank like other European LCUs but are capable of much higher speeds, up to 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph).
Germany has two Barbe-class utility landing craft (Type 520), dating from the mid-1960s, which remain in service under the SEK-M Naval Special Forces' command. Germany is looking to acquire more such crafts. Five Barbe landing crafts were transferred to Greece at the end of the Cold War.
LCU L53 Launch
|Name:||LCU MK IV class|
|Preceded by:||Mk III LCU|
|Propulsion:||2 x MTU 16V 4000 M53 marine diesel engines (1,840 kW) with a twin fixed-pitch propeller propulsion system|
|Range:||1,500nm at 12 kt|
|Sensors and |
The first Mk III class LCU was commissioned on 18 July 1986.. Currently four more MK IV class of LCU are under construction at GRSE.
|Name:||LCU Mk.II (NL) class|
|Operators:||Royal Netherlands Navy, Netherlands Marine Corps|
|Type:||Ro-Ro landing craft|
|Displacement:||255 tonnes (251 long tons)|
|Length:||36.3 m (119 ft 1 in)|
|Beam:||6.85 m (22 ft 6 in)|
|Capacity:||65 tonnes (64 long tons)|
|Armament:||2 × Browning .50 calibre (12.7 mm) machine guns|
With the launch of the amphibious transport ship HNLMS Rotterdam in 1998 there was a need for LCUs. The Dutch LCUs are similar to the British LCU Mk.10 with the bridge being set to one side allowing for a roll-on roll-off design. Until 2005 the Netherlands Marine Corps used the LCU Mark I (NL).
In 2005 and 2006 the five vessels were modernized to the type Mark II. The vessels have been stretched by 9 meters to decrease their draft, which increased their load carrying capacity by 20 tons and allows them to come closer to shore. In addition they were fitted with a strengthened bow ramp, and they can now accommodate the Royal Netherlands Army Leopard 2 A6 main battle tank. Because of the lengthening of the Mark II, the Rotterdam can take two LCUs (plus three LCVPs) in its dock. The dock of Rotterdam's sister ship, HNLMS Johan de Witt, has the capacity to transport two LCUs, but carries four LCVPs in davits.
|Name:||Dyugon-class landing craft|
|Length:||169 ft (52 m)|
|Beam:||36 ft (11 m)|
|Speed:||35 knots (65 km/h; 40 mph)|
|Armament:||2 KPV 14.5 mm machine guns|
|Name:||Swedish: Lätt trossbåt|
|Operators:||United Arab Emirates Navy|
|Type:||Fast landing craft|
|Displacement:||65 tonnes (64 long tons)|
|Length:||24.6 m (80 ft 9 in)|
|Beam:||5.4 m (17 ft 9 in)|
|Draft:||1.1 m (3 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||3 x Scania V8 Water jet (3 x 675 hp)|
1 × 12.7 mm machine gunMines and depth charges
Sweden operates 16 small and fast (25 kt) water jet landing crafts (Swedish: Lätt trossbåt) with a displacement of 65 tones. They are armed with one 12,7 mm machine gun but can also lay out mines and is equipped with armour for anti submarine warfare. The vessel type has been exported to the United Arab Emirates.
In addition, HSwMS Loke (A344) is a larger vessel at a displacement of 305 tones, capable of carrying 150 tones. The ship has a crew of 7 and is armed with two 7,62 mm machine guns.
|Type:||Roll-on/roll-off landing craft mechanised|
|Length:||23.3 metres (76 ft)|
|Beam:||6.4 metres (21 ft)|
|Draught:||1 metre (3 ft 3 in) loaded|
|Ramps:||Bow ramp and stern gate|
|Range:||190 nautical miles (350 km; 220 mi) at economic speed|
LCU Mk.9 (now retired)
|Name:||Landing Craft Utility|
|Operators:||Royal Navy, Royal Marines|
|Subclasses:||LCU Mk.9 and LCU Mk.10|
|Active:||10 LCU Mk.10s|
|General characteristics LCU Mk.10|
|Displacement:||240 t (240 long tons; 260 short tons)|
|Length:||97 ft 10 in (29.82 m)|
|Beam:||25 ft 3 in (7.70 m)|
|Draught:||4 ft 11 in (1.50 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 × MAN D2840 LE diesel engines (400 kW / 2150 r.p.m. each)|
|Speed:||10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)|
|Range:||600 nautical miles (1,100 km)|
|Capacity:||1 main battle tank, 4 large vehicles, or 120 troops|
The LCU Mk.9 was built for use on the LPDs Fearless and Intrepid where they were operated from the dock in the rear of the ships. Each ship carried four LCUs and four davit mounted LCVPs. The Mk.9 was to see many changes and upgrades during its service including a move from propeller to jet in many cases. The Mk.9 was capable of traveling as an ocean-going vessel and a number would be converted into a version, affectionately known as the "Black Pig", for use in Norway. The crew had full living quarters aboard with galley and heads. The opinion that the successful British amphibious operations during the Falklands War were only possible because of the two LPDs and their landing craft is well documented. In the Falklands War during the Bluff Cove Air Attacks LCU F4 from Fearless was bombed and sunk in Choiseul Sound by an Argentine Air Force A-4B Skyhawk of Grupo 5. The Mk.9, like the LPDs, served longer than ever anticipated, providing the backbone of Britain's amphibious assault capabilities.
The LCU Mk.10 class vessels are operated by the Royal Marines. They are intended for use on board the new assault ships Albion and Bulwark and can use the Bay class landing ships. Deliveries of the class started from 1998 and the fleet currently consists of ten vessels, bearing pennant numbers 1001 to 1010. Both Albion and Bulwark are capable of carrying four LCUs each. These vessels are capable of operating independently for up to 14 days with a range of 600 nautical miles. They are capable of operating worldwide, from Arctic operating areas to tropical operating areas. The Mk.10 differs greatly from the Mk.9 with the bridge being set to the side allowing for a roll-on roll-off design. This greatly increases efficiency over the old Mk.9 as loading of the rear LCUs can take place without the LCUs being launched, the LPD having to dock down to do so, to change over and load up, which was a problem prior to the Falklands landings. The LCU Mk.10 has a 7-man crew and can carry up to 120 Marines or alternatively 1 battle tank or 4 lorries. British assault ships also carry smaller LCVPs on davits to transport troops and light vehicles.
All ten Mk.10s, pennant numbers 1001 to 1010, remain in service as of 2012.
|Name:||LCU 1466, 1610 and 1627 classes|
|Operators:||United States Navy|
|Sensors and |
|LN 66 or SPS-53 I band navigation radar|
|Armament:||2 × Browning .50 caliber machine guns|
The LCU 1466, 1610 and 1627 class vessels are operated by the United States Navy at support commands. They are a self-sustaining craft complete with living accommodations and mess facilities for a crew of thirteen. They have been adapted for many uses including salvage operations, ferry boats for vehicles and passengers, and underwater test platforms. Each LCU is assigned a non-commissioned-officer-in-charge (NCOIC) (Craft Master) who is either a Chief Petty Officer or Petty Officer First Class in the Boatswain’s Mate, Quartermaster or Operations Specialist rating. These vessels have bow ramps for onload/offload, and can be linked bow to stern gate to create a temporary pier-like structure. Its welded steel hull provides high durability with deck loads of 800 pounds per square foot. Arrangement of machinery and equipment has taken into account built-in redundancy in the event of battle damage. The craft features two engine rooms separated by a watertight bulkhead to permit limited operation in the event that one engine room is disabled. An anchor system is installed on the starboard side aft to assist in retracting from the beach. These vessels are normally transported to their areas of operation onboard larger amphibious vessels such as LSDs, LHDs and LHAs. The 40-year-old craft will be replaced under the Surface Connector (X) Recapitalization, or SC(X)R, project starting in FY2017.
|||LCU 1466||LCU 1610||LCU 1627|
|Displacement – light||180 long tons (183 t)||172 long tons (175 t)||200 long tons (203 t)|
|Displacement – full||n/a||353 long tons (359 t)||386 long tons (392 t)|
|Length overall||115 ft 1 in (35.08 m)||134 ft 9 in (41.07 m)||134 ft 9 in (41.07 m)|
|Beam||34 ft 0 in (10.36 m)||29 ft 10 in (9.09 m)||29 ft 10 in (9.09 m)|
|Draft – full load, forward||6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)||4 ft 10 in (1.47 m)||6 ft 9 in (2.06 m)|
|Draft – full load, aft||2 ft 9 in (0.84 m)||3 ft 6 in (1.07 m)||3 ft 6 in (1.07 m)|
|Power – sustained||675 hp (503 kW)||1,000 hp (746 kW)||680 hp (507 kW)|
|Propulsion||3 x Gray Marine diesel engines||2 x Detroit 12V-71 diesel engines||4 x Detroit diesel engines|
|Speed||8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph)||11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph)||8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph)|
|Range||1,200 nmi (2,200 km) at 6 kn (11 km/h)||1,200 nmi (2,200 km) at 8 kn (15 km/h)||1,200 nmi (2,200 km) at 6 kn (11 km/h)|
|Capacity – troops||300||400||350|
|Capacity – cargo||167 long tons (170 t)||180 long tons (183 t)||125 long tons (127 t)|
|Name:||LCU 2000 class|
|Operators:||United States Army|
|Length:||174 ft (53 m)|
|Beam:||42 ft (13 m)|
|Speed:||11.5 knots (21.3 km/h; 13.2 mph)|
The Runnymede class large landing craft or LCU 2000 class vessels are operated by the United States Army. They transport rolling and tracked vehicles, containers, and outsized and general cargo from ships offshore to shore, as well as to areas that cannot be reached by oceangoing vessels (coastal, harbor, and intercoastal waterways). It can be self-deployed or transported aboard a float-on/float-off vessel. It is classed for full ocean service and one-man engine room operations and is built to U.S. Coast Guard standards. The vessel can sustain a crew of 2 warrant officers and 11 enlisted personnel for up to 18 days, and 10,000 miles. This class is also equipped with an aft anchor to assist in retracting from the beach.
Cap'n Fatso is the second book in a series of three by Daniel V. Gallery that feature Boatswain's Mate First Class John "Fatso" Gioninni. Fatso is the commander of an LCU that, while on a special supply errand for his LSD's captain, is left behind in the Mediterranean Sea when the whole Sixth Fleet unexpectedly leaves for Vietnam. Through a series of accidents and misunderstandings Fatso and his crew are left without orders or attachment to any fleet and decide to "search the Mediterranean Sea for the Sixth Fleet". Hilarity ensues when they play practical jokes on the Russian fleet and make an "official" visit to Israel during the Six-Day War.
The Australian Landing Craft 50 or ALC 50 was a class of Landing Craft Utility operated by the Australian Army in the 1960s.Assault Craft Unit ONE
Assault Craft Unit ONE , (ACU-1) is a Pacific Ocean Maritime Prepositioning Force in the United States Navy operated under Naval Beach Group ONE out of Naval Amphibious Base Coronado with a Forward Detachment in Sasebo, Japan. ACU-1's force consists of Landing Craft Utility boats (LCU), Landing Craft Mechanized, Mark 8 boats (LCM), and Maritime Prepositioning Force Utility Boats (MPFUB). The sister unit of ACU-1 is Assault Craft Unit 2 in Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek, Virginia.Assault Craft Unit TWO
Assault Craft Unit TWO , (ACU-2) is an Atlantic Ocean Maritime Prepositioning Force in the United States Navy operated under Naval Beach Group TWO out of Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek, Virginia. ACU-2's force consists of Landing Craft Utility boats (LCU), Landing Craft Mechanized, Mark 8 boats (LCM), and Maritime Prepositioning Force Utility Boats (MPFUB). The sister unit of ACU-2 is Assault Craft Unit 1 in Naval Amphibious Base Coronado.BRP Tagbanua (AT-296)
The BRP Tagbanua (AT-296) is a landing craft utility of the Philippine Navy. She was named after the Tagbanua tribe mainly residing in Palawan island. She is the largest Philippine-made naval vessel launched to date.Engin de débarquement d'infanterie et de chars
The EDIC or Engin de débarquement d'infanterie et de chars are large landing crafts that operate in the French Navy, Lebanese Navy, Senegalese Navy, Ethiopian Navy and Djiboutian Navy. EDICs have the typical Landing Craft Utility design with a bow ramp and have a large aft superstructure compared to the far derivative CDIC. They are designed for coastal support as well as to operate from mother ships such as BPCs (Mistral type) or TCDs (Foudre type).Fearless-class landing platform dock
The Fearless-class amphibious assault ships were the first purpose-built amphibious warfare vessels in the Royal Navy. The class comprised two ships: HMS Fearless and HMS Intrepid.
Designed as landing platform docks (LPD), they were designed to transport and land troops by sea either using Landing Craft Utility (LCU) or helicopters. As constructed, the ships have an internal dock that is accessed via the stern—while in port, vehicles can drive up the stern ramp and into the internal vehicle decks. At sea, the ships could partially submerge themselves at the stern, flooding the internal dock and allowing landing craft to come right up to the edge of the vehicle deck.
Each ship carried four LCUs in the stern dock, with four smaller landing craft on davits on the superstructure. They provided accommodation for up to 400 troops, which could be increased to 700, if no vehicles were carried.Golfo de Tribuga-class landing craft
The Golfo de Tribuga class is a ship class of landing craft utility developed by COTECMAR for the Colombian National Navy. The ships also referred to as BDA. (Spanish: Buque de Desembarco Anfibio, means Amphibious Landing Ship in English)HMS Albion (L14)
HMS Albion is an amphibious transport dock of the Royal Navy, the first of the two-ship Albion class. Built by BAE Systems Marine in Barrow-in-Furness, Albion was launched in March 2001 by the Princess Royal. Her sister ship, Bulwark, was launched in November 2001, also from Barrow. Affiliated to the city of Chester and based in Plymouth, she is the ninth ship to carry the name Albion (after Albion, an ancient name of Great Britain), stretching back to the 74-gun 1763 warship, and last carried by an aircraft carrier decommissioned in 1973 after 19 years service. Designed as an amphibious warfare ship, Albion carries troops, normally Royal Marines, and vehicles up to the size of the Challenger 2 main battle tank. She can deploy these forces using four Landing Craft Utility (LCUs) and four Landing Craft Vehicle and Personnel (LCVPs). A flight deck supports helicopter operations.
Albion's future came under review as part of the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review. She was the fleet flagship from December 2010 until October 2011, and then again from March 2018.List of active Royal Marines military watercraft
List of active Royal Marines military watercraft is a list of landing craft and other watercraft in service with the Royal Marines. It consist of a varied fleet of transport vessels, patrol vessels and special forces watercraft (I.e mini submarines etc.) maintained by the Royal Navy and designed to transport the Royal Marines or special forces from ship to shore as well as conduct river or estuary patrols.List of combatant ship classes of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force
This is a list of combatant ship classes of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force.MV Retriever
Motor Vessel Retriever was a World War II-era Landing Craft Utility transferred to NASA from the U.S. Army. It was used to train United States astronauts for post-splashdown ocean recovery operations and water egress from their command modules during the Gemini and Apollo programs from 1963 to 1972. It operated primarily in Galveston Bay and the Gulf of Mexico.
MV Retriever was one of 500 Mk V LCTs built (numbered, not named). LCU-15301 was acquired by NASA under a reimbursable loan agreement dated March 4, 1963, from the U.S. Army at Ft. Eustis, Virginia.The sides of the vessel's midsection were cut down, a new bridge built and a hoist added for NASA use. It was under the jurisdiction of the Manned Spacecraft Center's Landing and Recovery Division, and its captains included Frank M. Gammon, Sr., CWO, US Army and Dino E. Bernardi, USCG (1971–72).Mk. IV LCU
Mk IV LCU class vessels are follow on class of Mk. III LCU operated by the Indian Navy. The Mk IV LCU can be deployed for maritime roles that require amphibious capabilities.Pakistan Marines
The Pakistan Marines (Urdu: پاکستان میرینز; reporting name PM; (Urdu: پی ایم), also known as Pakistan Marine Corps or simply as Marines, is an expeditionary and amphibious warfare uniform service branch within the Pakistan Navy, consisting of the naval officers and other personnel to perform their duties within the Marines. The Pakistan Marines are responsible for providing force projection from the sea, using the mobility of the Pakistan Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces.In the Pakistani military leadership structure, the Marines are the expeditionary and amphibious branch within the Navy, often working closely with the Pakistan Army for training, executing expeditionary operations and logistics purposes.Initially established and commissioned on 1 June 1971 in East-Pakistan, there were headquartered in PNS Dacca to oversee the amphibious operations expeditionary tactics to provide the defence of East Pakistan from the Indian Army but failed to make any significant impact that led to their decommissioning in 1974.In 1990, the Marines were re-organized and recommissioned under Cdr. Obaidullah–since then they have been a component of the Navy, conducting expeditionary operations with the special forces of army and the navy. The Marines are primarily tasked with quick response and marine reconnaissance objectives to guard the coastal and amphibious regions of the country, and receives training at the School of Infantry and Tactics by the Pakistan Army's instructors.In 2010, Marines, in close co-ordination with the Pakistan Army, Navy, and Air Force, were working around the clock to rescue villagers trapped by the country's worst deluge in 80 years.Ranavijaya-class landing craft
The Ranavijaya-class landing craft is a landing craft utility developed by the Colombo Dockyard Limited for the Sri Lanka Navy. Two ships of this class have been built and both have been used in several amphibious operations.
Based on this class a Fast Landing Craft was built by Colombo Dockyard for the Maldivian Coast Guard, the smaller craft was 28m in length and has an aluminum hull.Runnymede-class large landing craft
The Runnymede-class large landing craft are powered watercraft in the United States Army. They replaced older USN-design landing craft, and are a typical Landing Craft Utility design with a bow ramp and large aft superstructure. They transport rolling and tracked vehicles, containers, and outsized and general cargo from ships offshore to shore, as well as to areas that cannot be reached by oceangoing vessels (coastal, harbor, and intercoastal waterways). It can be self-deployed or transported aboard a float-on/float-off vessel. It is classed for full ocean service and one-man engine room operations and is built to U.S. Coast Guard standards. The vessel can sustain a crew of 2 warrant officers and 11 enlisted personnel for up to 18 days, and 10,000 miles. This class is also equipped with an aft anchor to assist in retracting from the beach. Several are deployed to Europe and aboard Afloat Prepositioning Ships.Type 067 utility landing craft
The Type 067 landing craft, utility (NATO codename: Yunnan class), also known as Yunnan class, entered the People's Liberation Army Navy service from 1968–1972. This class is the enlarged version of Yuch'in class landing craft mechanized, developed into a landing craft tank (LCT) capable of carrying either a medium tank, or two armored fighting vehicles, or a company of infantry. Some Type 067 have been converted to buoy tender/cable layers, designated as Type 911, which includes two sub types, Type 911I and Type 911II, one for buoy tender, the other for cable layer.Type 271 landing craft
The Type 271 landing craft is a family landing craft of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). Most models in this class are landing craft utility (LCU)s, but the last model has been developed into a Landing ship medium (LSM).USAV Malvern Hill (LCU 2025)
The United States Army Vessel Malvern Hill (LCU 2025) is a Landing Craft Utility of the Runnymede class. Though currently assigned to the 481st Transportation Company (Heavy Boat) (U.S. Army Reserve), which is headquartered in Port Hueneme, California, the craft is berthed in Tacoma, Washington. The vessel's namesake is the battle of Malvern Hill in the U.S. Civil War.USS Racine (LST-1191)
USS Racine (LST-1191) was the second ship to bear the name of the Wisconsin city. She was the thirteenth of 20 ships of the improved Newport class of Landing Ship, Tank (LST) built to replace the traditional bow door design LSTs of World War II. She was capable of a sustained speed of 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph). A stern gate to her tank deck permitted unloading of tracked assault amphibious vehicles (AAV) into the water, or the unloading of other vehicles into a landing craft utility (LCU), onto a pier, or directly into the water. Her ability to adjust her draft, accompanied by her unique 110-foot (34 m) long 75-ton capacity bow-ramp design and her bow thruster, helped bring a new degree of responsiveness and supply to the amphibious fleet.