Lanai City, Hawaii

Lanai City is a census-designated place (CDP) on the island of Lanai, in Maui County, Hawaii, United States. The population was 3,102 at the 2010 census.[1] Lanai City is the island's commercial center. Many of the island's restaurants and shops are in the town square that surrounds Dole Park, and the only hospital on the island, Lanai Community Hospital, is located near the park.[2]

Lanai City is served by Lanai Airport (LNY).

Lanai City, Hawaii
Lanai City
Lanai City
Location in Maui County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Maui County and the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 20°49′39″N 156°55′19″W / 20.82750°N 156.92194°WCoordinates: 20°49′39″N 156°55′19″W / 20.82750°N 156.92194°W
CountryUnited States
StateHawaii
CountyMaui
Area
 • Total6.9 sq mi (17.9 km2)
 • Land6.9 sq mi (17.9 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
1,644 ft (501 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,102
 • Density450/sq mi (170/km2)
Time zoneUTC-10
ZIP code
96763
Area code(s)808
FIPS code15-43700
GNIS feature ID0361713

Geography and climate

Lanai City is located at 20°49′39″N 156°55′19″W / 20.82750°N 156.92194°W (20.827574, −156.921912).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.9 square miles (17.9 km2), all land.[4]

Lanai City experiences a tropical savanna climate (Köppen classification As) with a mostly dry summer season. The average temperature in January is almost cold enough to qualify this climate as a warm form of a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). An average monthly temperature of 64 °F (18 °C) is the lower limit for tropical climate classification.

Street sign near Dole Park
Street sign near Dole Park
Dole Park
Dole Park
Stars from Dole Park, Lanai, Hawaii
View of the night sky from Dole Park

History

Lanai was once the home of the pineapple plantation of entrepreneur James Drummond Dole, which spanned over 20,000 acres (81 km2) and employed thousands of workers. Dole owned the entire island for a time, and in the 1920s built Lanai City to house and serve the community of workers.[7] It was the first model city in Hawaii. In 1923 several stores, a bank, a hospital, a theater, a church and business headquarters were built around an open park space. In 1930 model homes for couples featuring two bedrooms, a large living room, a kitchen, with running water, electricity and spacious yards were erected. The single men's houses had three furnished rooms and also running water and electricity.[8]

In 2009, the corporation Castle & Cooke, which owns the Dole Food Company, announced its intent to demolish much of what remained of the historic district, including homes, a laundromat, and a jailhouse—all dating back to the 1920s—in order to build new commercial structures. The development would have included a supermarket described by the National Trust for Historic Preservation as "oversized" and "out-of-scale".[7] The intact plantation town is something not found on any of the other Hawaiian Islands.[9]

However, in June 2012, Castle & Cooke sold its island possessions (totaling 98% of the island) to billionaire Larry Ellison for $300 million.[10][11] The current mayor is Ari Cohen.

Demographics

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 3,164 people, 1,148 households, and 796 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 885.5 people per square mile (342.2/km²). There were 1,343 housing units at an average density of 375.9 per square mile (145.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 13.24% White, 0.13% African American, 0.38% Native American, 58.09% Asian, 7.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 20.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.74% of the population.

There were 1,148 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $43,271, and the median income for a family was $49,209. Males had a median income of $29,800 versus $27,065 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,668. About 8.5% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

Urban infrastructure

Lanai City boasts a community hospital, a community health center, an olympic-size public pool, a state-of-the art movie theater, a supermarket and a public library.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Lanai City CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 29, 2011.
  2. ^ Lanai Community Hospital Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lanai City CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 29, 2011.
  5. ^ "Monthly Normals for Lanai City". NOAA. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
  6. ^ "Historical Weather for Lanai City, Hawaii, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
  7. ^ a b "Lāna'i City." National Trust for Historic Preservation. 2009. Accessed 5 May 2009.
  8. ^ Time line of key events in LĀNA‘I's history Lana'i Culture and Heritage Center. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  9. ^ 11 sites make new list of 'endangered historic places', at CNN.com
  10. ^ PBN confirms amount billionaire Larry Ellison paid for Hawaiian Island of Lanai Pacific Business News, January 7, 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  11. ^ "Oracle founder Larry Ellison buying Hawaiian island of Lanai". Los Angeles Times. June 22, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
KONI (FM)

KONI (104.7 FM) is a radio station licensed to serve Lanai City, Hawaii. The station is owned by Hochman Hawaii Publishing, Inc. It airs an Oldies music format.The station was assigned the KONI call letters by the Federal Communications Commission on May 31, 1991.

Ken Shutt

Ken Shutt (1928-April 2, 2010) was an American sculptor and watercolorist who was born in Long Beach, California. He graduated from Pasadena City College, the Art Center College of Design and the Chouinard Art Institute. He moved to Hawaii in 1963, and lived there until 1995. He returned to California in 1995, to be near his foundry, when he was commissioned to create a bronze sculpture for the entrance of Sea Life Park Hawaii. He died 2010, at age 81, in Atascadero, California.His best known paintings are watercolors of Hawaii's flora (see image). His sculptures often combine such diverse materials as resin, wood, terrazzo, bronze, and granite. The Honolulu Museum of Art and the Hawaii State Art Museum are among the public collections holding work by Ken Shutt. His sculptures in public places include:

A granite and bronze sculpture at the Kauai Performing Arts Center, Lihue, Hawaii.

Untitled 1976 sculpture, Leilehua High School, Honolulu, Hawaii

Waialua, 1976, Waialua High and Intermediate School, Waialua, Hawaii

Konohiki, 1980-1981, King Intermediate School, Kaneohe, Hawaii

Celebrating the Arts, 1999, Kauai Community College, Kauai, Hawaii

Heritage Growing, 1975, Laupahoehoe High and Elementary School, Laupahoehoe, Hawaii

Lanai Ohana, 1977, Lanai High and Elementary School, Lanai City, Hawaii

Kauai Ola, 1981, Kauai High School, Lihue, Hawaii

Hawaiian Porpoises, 1976, Honolulu Zoo, Honolulu, Hawaii

Family Structure, 1971, Kauikeaouli Hale (courthouse), Honolulu, Hawaii

Matrix, 1990, Hilo High School, Hilo, Hawaii

Four Valleys, 1978, Waianae High School, Waianae, Hawaii

Konohiki, 1973, Hawaii State Art Museum sculpture garden

Koni

Koni or KONI is:

Koni, Ivory Coast, a town

Koni-class frigate, a class of Soviet frigates

KONI (FM), a radio station located in Lanai City, Hawaii

Koni or Kony (film), a 1986 Bengali film directed by Saroj Dey

The KONI Group, a Dutch manufacturer of automobile shock absorbers and subsidiary of ITT Corporation

KONI Racing, the racing division of The KONI Group

The KONI Challenge Series, formerly the Grand-Am Cup series, a touring car racing series

National Sports Committee of Indonesia (Komite Olahraga Nasional Indonesia), abbreviated KONI

a synonym for Xalam, a stringed musical instrument

Koni the Giant Boy, a Japanese cartoon that aired on TV Tokyo

Koni Iguan (born 1969), Papua New Guinean politician

Koni (novel), a Bengali novel by Moti Nandi

Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the German-Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.The Köppen climate classification divides climates into five main climate groups, with each group being divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). Each group and subgroup is represented by a letter. All climates are assigned a main group (the first letter). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation subgroup (the second letter). For example, Af indicates a tropical rainforest climate. The system assigns a temperature subgroup for all groups other than those in the A group, indicated by the third letter for climates in B, C, and D, and the second letter for climates in E. For example, Cfb indicates an oceanic climate with warm summers as indicated by the ending b. Climates are classified based on specific criteria unique to each climate type.As Köppen designed the system based on his experience as a botanist, his main climate groups are based on what types of vegetation grow in a given climate classification region. In addition to identifying climates, the system can be used to analyze ecosystem conditions and identify the main types of vegetation within climates. Due to its link with the plant life of a given region, the system is useful in predicting future changes in plant life within that region.The Köppen climate classification system has been further modified, within the Trewartha climate classification system in the middle 1960s (revised in 1980). The Trewartha system sought to create a more refined middle latitude climate zone, which was one of the criticisms of the Köppen system (the C climate group was too broad).

Lanai

Lānaʻi (Hawaiian: [laːˈnɐʔi, naːˈnɐʔi]) anglicized as Lanai (, also US: , ) is the sixth-largest of the Hawaiian Islands and the smallest publicly accessible inhabited island in the chain. It is colloquially known as the Pineapple Island because of its past as an island-wide pineapple plantation. The island's only settlement of note is the small town of Lānaʻi City. As of 2012, the island was 97% owned by Larry Ellison (Founder and Chairman of Oracle), with the remaining 3% owned by the state of Hawaiʻi and privately owned homes.Lānaʻi is a roughly apostrophe-shaped island with a width of 18 miles (29 km) in the longest direction. The land area is 140.5 square miles (364 km2), making it the 42nd largest island in the United States. It is separated from the island of Molokaʻi by the Kalohi Channel to the north, and from Maui by the Auʻau Channel to the east. The United States Census Bureau defines Lānaʻi as Census Tract 316 of Maui County. Its total population shrank from 3,193 as of the 2000 census to 3,102 as of 2010. Many of the island's landmarks are accessible only by dirt roads that require a four-wheel drive vehicle.There is one school, Lanai High and Elementary School, serving the entire island from kindergarten through 12th grade. There is also one hospital, Lanai Community Hospital, with 24 beds, and a community health center providing primary care, dental, behavioral health and selected specialty services in Lānaʻi City. There are no traffic lights on the island.

Lanai (disambiguation)

Lana`i is a Hawaiian island.

Lanai may also refer to:

Lanai (architecture), a type of patio

Lanai City, Hawaii

Lanai Airport

Lanai Airport (IATA: LNY, ICAO: PHNY, FAA LID: LNY), also written as Lānaʻi Airport, is a state owned, public use airport located three nautical miles or about 3.4 miles (6 km) southwest of the central business district of Lanai City (Lānaʻi City), in Maui County, Hawaii. The airport began regular operations in 1930. It is the only airport serving the island of Lanai (Lānaʻi).

As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 52,075 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 42,594 enplanements in 2009, and 43,922 in 2010. It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021, in which it is categorized as a non-hub primary commercial service facility.

List of FM radio stations in the United States by call sign (initial letters KN–KP)

This is a list of FM radio stations in the United States having call signs beginning with the letters KN through KP.

List of acts of the 107th United States Congress

The acts of the 107th United States Congress includes all Acts of Congress and ratified treaties by the 107th United States Congress, which lasted from January 3, 2001 to January 3, 2003

Acts include public and private laws, which are enacted after being passed by Congress and signed by the President, however if the President vetos a bill it can still be enacted by a two-thirds vote in both houses. The Senate alone considers treaties, which are ratified by a two-thirds vote.

Maui Interscholastic League

The Maui Interscholastic League or MIL consists of 13 high schools that sponsor a number of athletic sports, including football, basketball, volleyball and soccer. Moloka'i High School and Lanai High School are voluntary members of the MIL due to the lack of other major high schools on the island of Moloka'i and Lanai.

Mokulele Airlines

Mokulele Flight Service, Inc., doing business as Mokulele Airlines, Inc., is an American commuter airline based in Kona on the Big Island of Hawaii. The airline operates scheduled inter-island and charter flights primarily among Hawaii's smaller airports. In 2019, it was acquired by Southern Airways Express, and continues to operate as its own brand within the larger airline.

Satoru Abe

Satoru Abe (born 13 June 1926) is a Japanese American sculptor and painter.

Sol Kahoohalahala

Solomon P. Kaho'ohalahala (born March 30, 1951) is an American politician from the state of Hawaii. He served in the Hawaii House of Representatives from 1999 to 2000 and from 2003 to 2005. In 2005 he resigned his seat to become Director of the Kaho'olawe Island Reserve Commission, serving until 2008. He previously served on the Maui County Council from 1994 to 1998, representing the Lanai City district.

World Golf Tour

World Golf Tour is an online multiplayer virtual golf game. WGT Golf is played virtually on actual golf courses located in the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Canada and Mexico, using a patented 3D photorealistic georeferencing technology. Players can play with their family or friends, join a foursome, or start their own game. Players can choose and compete in a variety of virtual golf courses with up to four players at a time, play individually or enter into a skills challenge or in tournaments for prizes.Co-founders of WGT Media Chad Nelson and YuChiang Cheng collaborated in 2006 to come up with a high-quality golf game simulation that could be played for free on the Internet, and compete with or surpass the visual quality of console video sports games. Part of the intended goal was to have a fully integrated social golfing network website. They recruited JF Prata and Phil Gorrow of Electronic Arts to build the physics game engine that interfaces the thousands of photographs of each golf course that are used to create the WGT Golf experience. WGT Media launched a demo of the site in 2007 and commenced an open beta test in October 2008. The first golf course WGT Media captured and developed for play was the Ocean Course at Kiawah Island Golf Resort, located in South Carolina.Because of its authenticity in photographing and using actual golf courses for game development, WGT Golf differs from standard console video sports games that are produced fully by computer graphics, rendered by animators. Using this particular process of game development, it can allow real golfers to play virtually on real golf courses at WGT Golf and then take that knowledge and experience out to the actual golf courses themselves to test their skills and ability. Members of the PGA have even practiced at WGT Golf before going to tournaments.

WGT Media does not charge a fee to play the HD courses it has developed (although there is a green fee for licensed non-HD courses). WGT Media derives revenue from high-profile online tournament sponsors, advertisements, and in-game micro transactions for upgrading player golfing equipment and for different choices in costume avatar clothing. Tournament cash prizes can be won and then used to buy virtual goods, like new clubs and clothing to customize the in-game avatar.

In January 2011, a foursome completed the 100 millionth virtual round of golf played on WGT Golf. In October 2013, World Golf Tour Media released the mobile version for tablets and smartphones.

Climate data for Lanai City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(28)
82
(28)
86
(30)
87
(31)
86
(30)
86
(30)
86
(30)
87
(31)
89
(32)
92
(33)
85
(29)
85
(29)
92
(33)
Average high °F (°C) 72.0
(22.2)
72.8
(22.7)
72.9
(22.7)
73.7
(23.2)
74.7
(23.7)
76.2
(24.6)
76.8
(24.9)
78.1
(25.6)
78.5
(25.8)
77.4
(25.2)
75.8
(24.3)
73.6
(23.1)
75.2
(24.0)
Daily mean °F (°C) 65.9
(18.8)
66.0
(18.9)
66.6
(19.2)
67.5
(19.7)
68.4
(20.2)
70.2
(21.2)
71.1
(21.7)
72.1
(22.3)
72.2
(22.3)
71.2
(21.8)
69.7
(20.9)
67.5
(19.7)
69.0
(20.6)
Average low °F (°C) 59.7
(15.4)
59.2
(15.1)
60.3
(15.7)
61.3
(16.3)
62.1
(16.7)
64.2
(17.9)
65.3
(18.5)
66.1
(18.9)
65.8
(18.8)
64.9
(18.3)
63.6
(17.6)
61.3
(16.3)
62.8
(17.1)
Record low °F (°C) 48
(9)
47
(8)
49
(9)
49
(9)
52
(11)
49
(9)
49
(9)
49
(9)
47
(8)
49
(9)
52
(11)
48
(9)
47
(8)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 5.05
(128)
4.06
(103)
2.88
(73)
2.60
(66)
2.17
(55)
1.61
(41)
1.66
(42)
1.40
(36)
2.09
(53)
2.51
(64)
3.14
(80)
4.39
(112)
33.56
(852)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.7 6.2 7.1 3.8 2.0 1.1 2.4 1.4 2.4 2.8 6.5 7.8 51.2
Source: NOAA/NCDC,[5] Weatherbase [6]
Islands, municipalities, and communities of Maui County, Hawaii, United States
CDPs
Unincorporated
communities
Footnotes

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