Lambertus Nicodemus Palar

Lambertus Nicodemus (Nico) Palar (June 5, 1900 in Rurukan, Minahasa Regency – February 13, 1981 in Jakarta) also known as Babe Palar, represented the Republic of Indonesia in various diplomatic positions most notably as the first Indonesian Representative to the United Nations. He also held ambassadorships in India, East Germany, Soviet Union, Canada, and the United States. He was the son of Gerrit Palar and Jacoba Lumanauw.

Lambertus Nicodemus Palar
Lambertus Palar
L. N. Palar
1st Representative of Indonesia to the United Nations
In office
Preceded byNone
Succeeded bySudjarwo Tjondronegoro
Personal details
BornJune 5, 1900
Rurukan, Dutch East Indies
DiedFebruary 13, 1981 (aged 80)
Jakarta, Indonesia
Spouse(s)Johanna Petronella Volmers

Early life and education

Palar attended middle school (Dutch: Meer Uitgebreid Lager Onderwijs (MULO)) in Tondano. He moved to Java to attend high school (Dutch: Algeme(e)ne Middelbare School (AMS)) in Yogyakarta where he stayed with Sam Ratulangi. In 1922, Palar started his studies at the Technical University (Dutch: Technische Hoogeschool) in Bandung, which is now known as the Bandung Institute of Technology (Indonesian: Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB)). At this school, Palar became acquainted with Indonesian nationalists such as Sukarno. A severe illness forced Palar to drop out of the school and to return to Minahasa. Palar eventually restarted his studies at faculty of law (Dutch: Rechts Hoogeschool) in Batavia (now Jakarta) where he joined the youth organization called Young Minahasa (Indonesian: Jong Minahasa). In 1928, Palar moved to the Netherlands.

Political career in the Netherlands

In 1930, Palar became a member of the Social-Democratic Workers' Party (Dutch: Sociaal-Democratische Arbeiders Partij (SDAP)) shortly after the SDAP convened a Colonial Congress and voted on propositions that included unconditionally recognizing the right of national independence for the Dutch Indies. Palar then held the position of secretary of the Colonial Commission of the SDAP and the Netherlands' Trade Union Federation (Dutch: Nederlands Verbond van Vakverenigingen (NVV)) starting in October 1933. He was also the director of Persbureau Indonesia (Persindo), which was given the task of sending articles related to Dutch social democracy to the Dutch Indies. In 1938, Palar returned to his homeland with his wife, Johanna Petronella Volmers, whom he married in 1935. He traveled throughout the archipelago and gathered information on the current developments. He discovered that the Indonesian nationalist movement was very much alive and returned to the Netherlands writing about his experience.

During the German occupation of Holland, Palar couldn't work for the SDAP and instead was employed in the Van der Waals Laboratorium. He also taught Malay language classes and was a guitarist in a Kroncong ensemble. During the war, Palar and his wife joined the anti-Nazi underground movement.

After the war, Palar was voted into the Lower House (Dutch: Tweede Kamer) representing the newly established Labor Party (Dutch: Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA)), which originated from the SDAP. After the Indonesian Declaration of Independence on August 17, 1945, Palar being sympathetic to the proclamation promoted contacts with the Indonesian nationalists. This was not received well by the PvdA resulting in the party distancing itself from the original position of unconditionally recognizing the right of national independence for Indonesia, which was opposed by Palar. Being assigned by his party on a fact finding mission to Indonesia, Palar again met with the leaders of the Indonesian National Revolution including President Sukarno. Palar continued to urge non-violent resolution of the dispute between the Netherlands and the new Republic of Indonesia. However, on July 20, 1947, the parliament voted to commence Police Action (Dutch: Politionele Acties) in Indonesia. Palar resigned from the parliament and the Labor Party the following day.

Representing Indonesia

RI Transfer Signing
Indonesian Vice-president Hatta and Dutch Juliana of the Netherlands at the signing ceremony in The Hague at which the Dutch recognized Indonesian sovereignty
L.N. Palar Arriving in the Netherlands (1950)
Palar in the Netherlands (1950)

Palar joined the effort for international recognition of Indonesian independence by becoming the Indonesian Representative to the United Nations in 1947. He remained in this position until 1953. This time period included such important events as the continued Dutch-Indonesian conflict, the transfer of sovereignty from the Dutch, and the inclusion of Indonesia as a member of the United Nations.

During the Dutch-Indonesian conflict, Palar argued the case of Indonesian independence at the UN and the Security Council, even though his status was only as an "observer" because Indonesia was not a member of the UN at that time. After a second Police Action was unpopular and subsequently condemned by the Security Council [1], the Roem-van Roijen Agreement was signed, which led to the Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference and the recognition of Indonesian sovereignty by the Dutch on December 27, 1949.

Indonesia was admitted as the 60th Member State of the United Nations on September 28, 1950.[2] Addressing the General Assembly as the first Indonesian Ambassador to the United Nations, Palar thanked those that supported the Indonesian cause and pledged that Indonesia would assume the responsibilities of being a member state. Palar continued his work at the UN until being assigned the Indonesian ambassadorship for India. In 1955, Palar was called back to Indonesia and was instrumental in planning the Asia-Africa Conference, which gathered Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent. After the conference, Palar resumed his ambassadorial responsibilities by representing Indonesia in East Germany and the Soviet Union. From 1957 to 1962, he became the Ambassador to Canada and afterwards returned to the UN as Ambassador until 1965. Sukarno withdrew Indonesia's membership in the UN because of the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation and upon the election of Malaysia to the Security Council. Palar then became the Ambassador to the United States. Under new leadership of Suharto in 1966, Indonesia requested the resumption of membership in the UN with a message to the Secretary General that was delivered by Palar.

Retirement and Death

Palar retired from foreign service in 1968 having served his country during its early struggles and conflicts and battled for its freedom in the diplomatic arena. Palar returned to Jakarta, but remained active through lectureships, social work, and as an advisor to the Indonesian Representative to the United Nations.

Lambertus Nicodemus Palar died in Jakarta on February 13, 1981.[1] He was survived by his wife, Johanna Petronella "Yoke" Volmers, and children Maria Elisabeth Singh, Maesi Martowardojo, and Bintoar Palar.

In November 2013 Palar, together with Rajiman Wediodiningrat and T. B. Simatupang, was declared a National Hero of Indonesia.[2]


  1. ^ Schwidder (1998).
  2. ^ Parlina (2013).


  • Drooglever, P.; Schouten, M.; Lohanda, M. (1999). Guide to the Archives on Relations between the Netherlands and Indonesia 1945-1963. Institute of Netherlands History. ISBN 9052161100.
  • Hansen, Erik (1977). "The Dutch East Indies and the Reorientation of Dutch Social Democracy, 1929-40". 23. Ithaca: Cornell Southeast Asia Program.
  • Kahin, George (1981). "In Memoriam: L. N. Palar". 32. Ithaca: Cornell Southeast Asia Program.
  • Parlina, Ina (9 November 2013). "Govt names three new national heroes". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  • Saxon, Wolfgang (15 February 1981). "Lambertus N. Palar Dead at 80; Battled for Indonesia's Freedom". New York Times. Retrieved 20 September 2008.
  • Giebels, Lambert. "Biografie van Palar, Lambertus Nicodemus". Retrieved 20 September 2008.
  • Schwidder, Emile (1998). "Lambertus Nicodemus Palar". Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  • "History of the Indonesian Mission to the United Nations" (in Indonesian). Indonesian Mission to the United Nations. Archived from the original on 27 June 2007. Retrieved 20 September 2008.
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Lambertus is a Latinized version of the Germanic masculine given name Lambert. In the Low Countries and South Africa it has been in used as a birth name. Most people used short forms in daily life, like Bert, Bertus, Lambert, Lamme, and Lammert. People with this name include:

Latinized namesSt. Lambertus, canonical name of Bishop Lambert of Maastricht (c.636–c.700)

Lambertus Ardensis (c.1160–aft.1203), French chronicler

Lambertus Ascafnaburgensis (c.1024–c.1088), German chronicler

Lambertus Danaeus (c.1535–c.1590), French jurist and Calvinist theologian

Lambertus de Latiniaco, 13th-century French logician

Lambertus de Monte (1430/5–1499), Dutch scholastic and ThomistBirth name

Lambertus Aafjes (1914–1993), Dutch poet

Lambertus Jozef Bakker (1912–1969), Dutch writer and publisher

Lambertus Johannes Hermanus Becht (born 1956), Dutch businessman

Lambertus Benenga (1886–1963), Dutch swimmer

Lambertus Bos (1670–1717), Dutch linguist

Lambertus Johannes Folkert Broer (1916–1991), Dutch physicist and mathematician

Lambertus Doedes (1878–1955), Dutch sailor

Lambertus van Gelder (born 1983), Dutch gymnast specializing in the rings

Lambertus Johannes Hansen (1803–1859), Dutch painter

Lambertus de Harder (1920–1982), Dutch footballer

Lambertus van Klaveren (1907–1992), Dutch boxer

Lambertus van Marwijk (born 1952), Dutch football manager and player

Lambertus Neher (1889–1967), Dutch government minister and World War II Resistance member

Lambertus Nienhuis *1873–1960), Dutch ceramist, designer and jewelry designer

Lambertus J.J. van Nistelrooij (born 1953), Dutch CDA politician and MEP

Lambertus Nicodemus Palar (1900–1981), Indonesian diplomat

Lambertus Roelof Schierbeek (1918–1996), Dutch writer

Lambertus Johannes Toxopeus (1894–1951), Dutch lepidopterist on Java

Lambertus de Vos (fl.1563–1574), Flemish painter in ConstantinoplePeople with the middle name Lambertus

Court Lambertus van Beyma (1753–1820), Dutch leader of the Frisian patriots

Antonius Lambertus Maria Hurkmans (born 1944), Dutch bishop

John Lambertus Romer (1680–1754), British military engineer

Alidius Warmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer (1888–1978), Dutch nobleman and statesman

Mas Isman

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Pajonga Daeng Ngalie

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Pakubuwono VI

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He is considered as an Indonesian national hero.

Permanent Representative of Indonesia to the United Nations

This is a list of Indonesian Permanent Representative to the United Nations.

Lambertus Nicodemus Palar, 1950-1953

Sudjarwo Tjondronegoro, 1953-1957

Ali Sastroamidjojo, 1957-1960

Soekardjo Wirjopranoto, 1960-1962

Lambertus Nicodemus Palar, 1962-1965

Dr. H. Roeslan Abdulgani, 1967-1971

Chaidir Anwar Sani, 1971-1979

Abdullah Kamil,1979-1982

Ali Alatas, 1982-1988

Nana Sutresna, 1988-1992

Noegroho Wisnumurti, 1992-1997

Makarim Wibisono, 1997-2001

Makmur Widodo, 2001-2004

Rezlan Ishar Jenie, 2004-2007

R.M. Marty M. Natalegawa, 2007-2009

Hassan Kleib, 2010-2011

Desra Percaya, 2012-2015

Dian Triansyah Djani, 2015-current

Sukarjo Wiryopranoto

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In 1923, he is graduate of the Law School in the District Court. Then, he worked in several cities until finally set up his own law office "Vishnu" in Malang, East Java.

Sukardjo become a member of the Volksraad in 1931. Additionally with Dr. Sutomo founded the National Association of Indonesia.

He also served as Indonesia's Permanent Representative at the United Nations (UN) until the end.

He was buried in Kalibata Heroes Cemetery, Jakarta.

T. B. Simatupang

Tahi Bonar Simatupang (28 January 1920 – 1 January 1990) was a soldier who served in the Indonesian National Revolution and went on to become chief of staff of the Indonesian Armed Forces.

Tjilik Riwut

Tjilik Riwut (2 February 1918 – 17 August 1987) was a former Governor of Central Kalimantan. He is now regarded as a National Hero of Indonesia.

Untung Surapati

Untung Suropati (1660 – December 5, 1706) was an Indonesia war fighter who led a few rebellions against the Dutch East India Company. He was conferred the title of "National Hero of Indonesia" in 1975.

Wahidin Soedirohoesodo

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