Lake Placid, New York

Lake Placid is a village in the Adirondack Mountains in Essex County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,521.[2]

The village of Lake Placid is near the center of the town of North Elba, 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Plattsburgh. Lake Placid, along with nearby Saranac Lake and Tupper Lake, comprise what is known as the Tri-Lakes region. Lake Placid hosted the 1932 and the 1980 Winter Olympics. Lake Placid also hosted the 2000 Goodwill Games, the 1972 Winter Universiade and will host the 2023 Winter Universiade.

Lake Placid, New York
Lake Placid from McKenzie Mountain
Lake Placid from McKenzie Mountain
Nickname(s): 
"The Olympic Village"
Lakeplacid-ny-map
Location in Essex County and the state of New York.
Location in Essex County and the state of New York.
Coordinates: 44°17′08″N 073°59′07″W / 44.28556°N 73.98528°WCoordinates: 44°17′08″N 073°59′07″W / 44.28556°N 73.98528°W
CountryUnited States United States
StateNew York New York (state)
CountyEssex
TownNorth Elba
Government
 • TypeEvan J. Norkosky
Area
 • Total1.54 sq mi (3.98 km2)
 • Land1.37 sq mi (3.55 km2)
 • Water0.17 sq mi (0.43 km2)
Elevation
1,801 ft (549 m)
Population
 • Total2,521
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
2,438
 • Density1,600/sq mi (630/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
12946
Area code(s)518 Exchange: 523
FIPS code36-40761
GNIS feature ID0954931
Websitevillageoflakeplacid.ny.gov

History

Lake Placid was founded in the early 19th century to develop an iron ore mining operation. By 1840, the population of "North Elba" (four miles southeast of the present village, near where the road to the Adirondak Loj crosses the Ausable River) was six families. In 1845, Gerrit Smith arrived in North Elba and not only bought a great deal of land around the village but granted large tracts to former slaves. He reformed the land law and demonstrated his support of Abolitionism.

The abolitionist John Brown heard about Smith's reforms, and left his anti-slavery activities in Kansas to buy 244 acres (1.0 km2) of land in North Elba. This parcel later became known as the "Freed Slave Utopian Experiment," Timbucto. Shortly before his execution in 1859, John Brown asked to be buried on his farm, which is preserved as the John Brown Farm State Historic Site.

As leisure time increased in the late 19th century, Lake Placid was discovered as a resort by the wealthy, who were drawn to the fashionable Lake Placid Club. Melvil Dewey, who invented the Dewey Decimal System, designed what was then called "Placid Park Club" in 1895. This inspired the village to change its name to Lake Placid, which became an incorporated village in 1900. Dewey kept the club open through the winter in 1905, which aided the development of winter sports in the area. Nearby Saranac Lake had hosted an international winter sporting event as early as 1889, and was used year-round by patients seeking treatment for tuberculosis at sanatoria. The fresh, clean mountain air was considered good for them and was a common treatment for tuberculosis at the time.

By 1921, the Lake Placid area could boast a ski jump, speed skating venue, and ski association. In 1929, Dr. Godfrey Dewey, Melvil's son, convinced the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Lake Placid had the best winter sports facilities in the United States.[3] The Lake Placid Club was the headquarters for the IOC for the 1932 and the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid.

In addition to the John Brown Farm and Gravesite, the Mount Van Hoevenberg Olympic Bobsled Run, New York Central Railroad Adirondack Division Historic District, and United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

Olympic Games

Olympic Bobsled Run Lake Placid2
Works Progress Administration poster from the late 1930s to advertise public access to the bobsled run from the 1932 Olympics

Lake Placid hosted the Winter Olympics in 1932 and 1980. During the 1932 games, the trails outside of the village served for the cross-country skiing events and the cross-country skiing part of the Nordic combined event.[5] Lake Placid, St Moritz, and Innsbruck are the only sites to have twice hosted the Winter Olympic Games.

Jack Shea, a resident of the village, became the first person to win two gold medals when he doubled in speed skating at the 1932 Winter Olympics. He carried the Olympic torch through Lake Placid in 2002 shortly before his death.[6] His grandson, Jimmy Shea, competed in the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah, in his honor, winning gold in the Skeleton.

In the U.S., the village is especially remembered as the site of the 1980 USA–USSR hockey game. Dubbed the "Miracle on Ice", a group of American college students and amateurs upset the heavily favored Soviet national ice hockey team, 4–3, and two days later won the gold medal. Another highpoint during the Games was the performance of American speed-skater Eric Heiden, who won five gold medals.

Lake Placid was interested in bidding for the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics but decided against it; Lillehammer, Norway, was the only bidder and was awarded the games. Lake Placid shifted its interest toward bidding for the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics, but it again did not submit a bid.[7]

Recreational opportunities

Lake Placid
Aerial view of the lake which gave the community its name

Lake Placid is well known among winter-sports enthusiasts for its skiing, both Alpine and Nordic. Whiteface Mountain (4,867 ft or 1,483 m), in nearby Wilmington about 13 miles (21 km) from Lake Placid, offers skiing, hiking, gondola rides, and mountain biking, and is the only one of the High Peaks that can be reached by an auto road. Whiteface Mountain has a vertical elevation of 3,430 feet (1,050 m), the highest vertical elevation of mountains in Eastern North America.[8][9] The area has one of only 16 bobsled runs in the Western Hemisphere.

In 2010, U.S. News & World Report highlighted Lake Placid as one of the "6 Forgotten Vacation Spots" in North America.[10]

Many people use Lake Placid as a base from which to climb the 46 High Peaks in the Adirondack Mountains. Those who complete these climbs may join the Adirondack 46ers.

Lake Placid built its first golf course in 1898, one of the first in the U.S., and has more courses than any other venue in the Adirondacks. Many of its courses were designed by well-known golf course architects, such as John Van Kleek, Seymour Dunn, Alexander H. Findlay, and Alister MacKenzie. The geographic features of the Adirondacks were considered reminiscent of the Scottish landscape, where the game started, and thus a fitting canvas for original play, or "mountain golf."

Lake Placid is near the West Branch of the Ausable River, a well-known stretch of water for fly fishing. More than 6 miles (10 km) of the West Branch are designated as year-round catch-and-release, artificial-lures-only water.

Regular sporting events

Ironman 2006
2006 Ironman in Lake Placid
North Elba Showgrounds
North Elba Showgrounds, showing Horse Rings, Olympic Cauldron, Whiteface Mountain
  • Since 1999 it has been a site for the annual Ironman Lake Placid Triathlon, the second oldest Ironman in North America[11] and one of only ten official Ironman Triathlons to be held in the continental U.S.
  • ESPN's Great Outdoor Games were inaugurated here in July 2000; they were held in Lake Placid again the following year, but moved to Madison, Wisconsin, in 2002 and were eventually discontinued.
  • The Lake Placid and I Love New York Horse Shows have been held at the North Elba Showgrounds for the past 41 years.
  • Multiple IWPA (International Weight Pull Association) snow Weight pulling events are held at the North Elba Showgrounds yearly.
  • Nearby Saranac Lake, New York, hosts an Annual Winter Carnival, one of the oldest Winter Carnivals in the country, complete with an Ice Palace.
  • Lake Placid is also home to the Lake Placid Sinfonietta, a professional summer chamber orchestra that has existed since 1917 and offers concerts lakeside.
  • The Winter Empire State Games are held in Lake Placid every February.
  • The Lake Placid ice dance competition is held every year in July or August in the 1980 Olympic Arena.[12]
  • CAN/AM hosts an adult pond hockey tournament on Mirror Lake every January.
  • The Adirondacks Ragnar Relay race goes from Saratoga Springs to Lake Placid every September.
  • The Lake Placid Summit Classic Lacrosse Tournament is held every year in early August since 1990.

Education

Lake Placid High School
Lake Placid High School
  • Post-Secondary Education
  • Primary & Secondary Education
    • In Lake Placid, public education is administered by the Lake Placid Central School District.

Lake Placid is home to five private schools:

Transportation

Lake Placid is served by nearby Adirondack Regional Airport in Saranac Lake, 16 miles (26 km) from the village. Lake Placid Airport, two miles south of the village, does not offer scheduled service but chartered flights are available.

Other relatively nearby airports include Albany International Airport, Burlington International Airport and the airport in Plattsburgh. Lake Placid is also served by an Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach connection through Westport via limousine service. Adirondack Trailways stops there as well.

Lake Placid is not located on any interstate highway. It can be reached from Interstate 87 to the east via New York State Route 73, New York State Route 86, and New York State Route 9N. County Roads 21, 31 and 35 also serve the community.

The New York Central Railroad ran daily passenger trains to New York City, via Utica until the 1960s. Today it is also the northern terminus of the Adirondack Scenic Railroad, over former New York Central and Delaware & Hudson trackage. There are currently plans to restore service to Utica, New York.

Geography

Lake Placid - Mirror Lake
Mirror Lake, looking north from the public beach

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km2), of which 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 10.79%, is water.[2]

The village is located near the south end of Lake Placid lake. More immediate to the village is Mirror Lake, which lies between the village and Lake Placid.

Climate

Lake Placid has a cool humid continental climate with large seasonal differences and high precipitation throughout the year.[13]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,682
19202,09924.8%
19302,93039.6%
19403,1367.0%
19502,999−4.4%
19602,9980.0%
19702,731−8.9%
19802,490−8.8%
19902,485−0.2%
20002,6386.2%
20102,521−4.4%
Est. 20162,438[1]−3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 2,638 people, 1,303 households, and 604 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,913.2 inhabitants per square mile (738.7/km2). There were 1,765 housing units at an average density of 1,280.1 per square mile (494.2/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.75% White, 0.68% African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.57% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.91% of the population.

There were 1,303 households, of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.1% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.6% were non-families. 45.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02, and the average family size was 2.93.

The population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $28,239, and the median income for a family was $43,042. Males had a median income of $26,585 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,507. About 8.5% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.

Panorama Lake Placid
Lake Placid panorama. High School (middle), the Olympic Center (right), and the speed skating oval

Notable people

Winter Olympic athletes

References

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lake Placid village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  3. ^ Fea, John, in Findling, John E. and Pelle, Kimberly D., editors, Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement, Greenwood Press, 2004. ISBN 978-0-313-32278-5. p. 297
  4. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  5. ^ 1932 Winter Olympics official report. Archived 2008-04-10 at the Wayback Machine pp. 145–6, 199.
  6. ^ "BBC SPORT - Winter Olympics 2002 - Skating - Winter Olympic hero dies".
  7. ^ Lake Placid Leaning toward 2020 Youth Games Bid Archived 2010-09-21 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Whiteface Lake Placid | the Perfect Winter Vacation." Whiteface. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 February 2015.
  9. ^ "Lake Placid, Adirondacks." Ski Whiteface Mountain. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 February 2015.
  10. ^ Miriam B. Weiner, "6 Forgotten Vacation Spots: Destinations that were hot only 20 years ago have since gone tepid, clinging to the memory of their glory days. But what caused the flux in the fad? Find out more about some of the travel industry's former heavyweights, what made them fall and whether or not they should have been forgotten." Yahoo Tavel, n.d. Found at U.S. News & World Report Travel website. Accessed December 8, 2010.
  11. ^ Lake Placid Ironman Official Site
  12. ^ "2008 Lake Placid Ice Dance Championships". Archived from the original on 2010-12-25. Retrieved 2014-12-19.
  13. ^ "Lake Placid, New York Climate Summary". Weatherbase. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  14. ^ "Lake Placid, New York Temperature Averages".
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  17. ^ a b c d e "Meet Your Lake Placid Olympians!". www.adirnondack.net. Retrieved January 23, 2015.

External links

1932 Winter Olympics

The 1932 Winter Olympics, officially known as the III Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport event in the United States, held in Lake Placid, New York. The games opened on February 4 and closed on February 15. It was the first of four Winter Olympics held in the United States; Lake Placid hosted again in 1980.

The games were awarded to Lake Placid in part by the efforts of Godfrey Dewey, head of the Lake Placid Club and son of Melvil Dewey, inventor of the Dewey Decimal System. California also had a bid for the 1932 Winter Games. William May Garland, president of the California X Olympiad Association, wanted the games to take place in Wrightwood and Big Pines, California. The world's largest ski jump at the time was constructed in Big Pines for the event, but the games were ultimately awarded to Lake Placid.

1972 Winter Universiade

The 1972 Winter Universiade, the VII Winter Universiade, took place in Lake Placid, New York, United States.

* Host nation (United States)

1980 Winter Olympics

The 1980 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIII Olympic Winter Games, was a multi-sport event which was celebrated from February 13, through February 24, 1980, in Lake Placid, New York, United States. This was the second time the Upstate New York village hosted the Games, after 1932. The only other candidate city to bid for the Games was Vancouver-Garibaldi, British Columbia, Canada, which withdrew before the final vote (though Vancouver would eventually win the bid to host the 2010 Winter Olympics.)

The mascot of the Games was "Roni", a raccoon. The mask-like rings on a raccoon's face recall the goggles and hats worn by many athletes in winter sports. The sports were played at the Olympic Center, Whiteface Mountain, Mt. Van Hoevenberg Olympic Bobsled Run, the Olympic Ski Jumps, the Cascade Cross Country Ski Center, and the Lake Placid High School Speed Skating Oval.

1994 IIHF Women's World Championship

The 1994 IIHF World Women's Championships was held April 11-April 17, 1994, at the Herb Brooks Arena in Lake Placid, New York, in the United States. The Team Canada won their 3rd consecutive gold medal at the World Championships defeating the United States in a repeat of the previous two finals. Finland picked up their 3rd consecutive bronze medal, with a win over semifinal debutants, China.

2023 Winter Universiade

The 2023 Winter Universiade, the XXXI Winter Universiade, is scheduled for 2023 in Lake Placid, New York, United States.

Biathlon World Championships 1973

The 12th Biathlon World Championships were held in 1973 in Lake Placid, United States. It is the first time the championships took place outside Europe.

Biathlon World Championships 1987

The 23rd Biathlon World Championships for men were held in 1987 for the second time in Lake Placid, New York, United States. The 4th women's world championships were held in Lahti, Finland.

FIBT World Championships 1949

The FIBT World Championships 1949 took place in Lake Placid, New York, United States. It marked the first time the championships took place outside Europe.

FIBT World Championships 1961

The FIBT World Championships 1961 took place in Lake Placid, New York, United States for the second time after hosting the event previously in 1949.

FIBT World Championships 1969

The FIBT World Championships 1969 took place in Lake Placid, New York, United States for the third time, hosting the event previously in 1949, and 1961. This also marked the first time both events were able to be competed since 1965.

FIBT World Championships 1973

The FIBT World Championships 1973 took place in Lake Placid, New York, United States for the fourth time, hosting the event previously in 1949, 1961, and 1969.

FIBT World Championships 1978

The FIBT World Championships 1978 took place in Lake Placid, New York, United States for the fifth time, hosting the event previously in 1949, 1961, 1969, and 1973.

FIBT World Championships 1983

The FIBT World Championships 1983 took place in Lake Placid, New York, United States for the sixth time, hosting the event previously in 1949, 1961, 1969, 1973, and 1978.

FIBT World Championships 1997

The FIBT World Championships 1997 took place in St. Moritz, Switzerland (Bobsleigh) and Lake Placid, New York, United States (Skeleton). St. Moritz hosted a championship event for the record eighteenth time. The Swiss city had hosted the event previously in 1931 (Four-man), 1935 (Four-man), 1937 (Four-man), 1938 (Two-man), 1939 (Two-man), 1947, 1955, 1957, 1959, 1965, 1970, 1974, 1977, 1982, 1987, 1989 (Skeleton), and 1990 (Bobsleigh). Meanwhile, Lake Placid hosted a championship event for the seventh time, doing so previously in 1949, 1961, 1969, 1973, 1978, and 1983.

FIBT World Championships 2003

The FIBT World Championships 2003 took place in Lake Placid, New York, United States (Men's bobsleigh), Winterberg, Germany (Women's bobsleigh), and Nagano, Japan (Men's and women's Skeleton). Lake Placid hosted the championship event for the eighth time, doing so previously in 1949, 1961, 1969, 1973, 1978, 1983, and 1997 (Skeleton). Winterberg hosted the championship event for a third time, doing so previously in 1995 (Bobsleigh) and 2000 (Women's bobsleigh). This was Nagano's first time hosting a championship event. It was also the first time the championships were held in Asia.

FIBT World Championships 2009

The FIBT World Championships 2009, officially known as the Bauhaus FIBT Bobsleigh & Skeleton World Championships, February 20 to March 1, 2009, at the bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track in Lake Placid, New York, for the ninth time, doing so previously in 1949, 1961, 1969, 1973, 1978, 1983, 1997 (skeleton), and 2003 (men's bobsleigh). Lake Placid was chosen 25–11 over Igls, Austria.

Lake Placid

Lake Placid may refer to:

Lake Placid, New York, site of the 1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics

Lake Placid (New York), a lake near the New York village

Lake Placid, Florida, a town in Florida

Lake Placid, a lake in Collier County, Florida

Lake Placid (Highlands County, Florida), a lake on the south edge of the town of Lake Placid, Florida

Lake Placid, a lake in Pinellas County, Florida

Lake Placid, Queensland, a suburb of Cairns, in far northern Queensland, Australia

Lake Placid (Texas), a lake in Texas

Lake Placid (film), a 1999 film directed by Steve Miner

Lake Placid (film series)

Lake Placid (Taiwan), a lake in East District, Hsinchu, Taiwan

Lake Placid (New York)

The body of water named Lake Placid is a lake in the Adirondack Mountains in northern New York, the United States. It is on the northern side of the Village of Lake Placid. Fender guitars has named a color for their guitars after this lake with guitars available in "Lake Placid Blue".

Northwood School (Lake Placid, New York)

Northwood School is an independent coeducational boarding and day school located in Lake Placid, New York in the heart of the Adirondack Mountains.

Climate data for Lake Placid
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 62.1
(16.7)
64.9
(18.3)
78.1
(25.6)
87.1
(30.6)
91.0
(32.8)
93.9
(34.4)
97.0
(36.1)
93.9
(34.4)
93.9
(34.4)
87.1
(30.6)
79.0
(26.1)
63.0
(17.2)
97.0
(36.1)
Average high °F (°C) 25.7
(−3.5)
27.9
(−2.3)
37.6
(3.1)
50.2
(10.1)
63.3
(17.4)
72.3
(22.4)
76.5
(24.7)
74.3
(23.5)
67.1
(19.5)
55.8
(13.2)
41.5
(5.3)
29.1
(−1.6)
51.6
(10.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 14.9
(−9.5)
16.3
(−8.7)
26.1
(−3.3)
38.8
(3.8)
50.9
(10.5)
60.1
(15.6)
64.2
(17.9)
62.2
(16.8)
55.2
(12.9)
44.8
(7.1)
32.7
(0.4)
19.8
(−6.8)
40.5
(4.7)
Average low °F (°C) 4.3
(−15.4)
4.8
(−15.1)
14.7
(−9.6)
27.5
(−2.5)
38.5
(3.6)
47.8
(8.8)
52.3
(11.3)
50.4
(10.2)
43.3
(6.3)
33.6
(0.9)
23.7
(−4.6)
10.2
(−12.1)
29.3
(−1.5)
Record low °F (°C) −36.9
(−38.3)
−36.9
(−38.3)
−29.9
(−34.4)
−9.9
(−23.3)
17.1
(−8.3)
21.9
(−5.6)
30.9
(−0.6)
27.0
(−2.8)
18.0
(−7.8)
5.0
(−15.0)
−11.0
(−23.9)
−38.9
(−39.4)
−38.9
(−39.4)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.8
(71)
2.5
(64)
3.0
(75)
2.8
(72)
3.2
(81)
3.8
(97)
4.1
(103)
3.9
(98)
3.6
(91)
3.3
(85)
3.2
(82)
3.1
(78)
39.3
(997)
Source: Weatherbase [14]
Venues of the 1932 Winter Olympics (Lake Placid)
Municipalities and communities of Essex County, New York, United States
Towns
Villages
CDPs
Other
hamlets
Footnotes

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