Lady Cynthia Mosley

Lady Cynthia Blanche Mosley[n 1] (23 August 1898 – 16 May 1933), nicknamed "Cimmie", was a British politician of Anglo-American parentage and the first wife of the British Fascist and New Party politician Sir Oswald Mosley, who was a Member of Parliament in the Conservative and Labour parties.

Lady Cynthia Mosley
Cyntia Mosley
Member of Parliament
for Stoke-on-Trent
In office
30 May 1929 – 27 October 1931
Preceded byJohn Ward
Succeeded byIda Copeland
Personal details
Born
Cynthia Blanche Curzon

13 August 1898
Kedleston, Derbyshire, England
Died16 May 1933 (aged 34)
London, England
Cause of deathPeritonitis
NationalityBritish
Political partyLabour Party
(1924–1931)
New Party
(1931–1932)
Spouse(s)
Oswald Mosley (m. 1920)
ChildrenVivien Adam
Nicholas Mosley, 3rd Baron Ravensdale
Michael Mosley
ParentsGeorge Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
Mary Leiter
RelativesMary Curzon, 2nd Baroness Ravensdale (sister)
Lady Alexandra Curzon (sister)

Childhood

Born Cynthia Blanche Curzon at Kedleston Hall, she was the second daughter of Hon. George Curzon (later Marquess Curzon of Kedleston) and his first wife, Mary Victoria Leiter, an American department-store heiress. As the daughter of an Earl (and later a Marquess), she was styled Lady Cynthia beginning in 1911.

Marriage, family and politics

On 11 May 1920, Cynthia married the then-Conservative politician, Oswald Mosley. He was her first and only lover.[1]

Children

They had three children:

  • Vivien Elizabeth Mosley (25 February 1921 – 26 August 2002),[n 2] who on 15 January 1949 married Desmond Francis Forbes Adam (1926-1958) who was killed in a car crash nine years later[2]
  • Nicholas Mosley, 3rd Baron Ravensdale (25 June 1923 – 28 February 2017), a successful novelist who wrote a biography of his father and edited his memoirs for publication;
  • Michael Mosley (born 25 April 1932), died unmarried and without issue.

Political life

After both joined the Labour Party in 1924, she was elected Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for Stoke-on-Trent in 1929, her husband having been elected MP for Smethwick in 1926. Frustrated with the ruling Labour Party's complacent and conservative response to high levels of unemployment, Oswald Mosley formed the New Party on 1 March 1931 which his wife also joined. The party failed to win any seats at the 1931 general election. After that Mosley started his move towards fascist policies, losing many of those who had joined the New Party as a result.

Husband's adultery

During their marriage her younger sister Lady Alexandra was a mistress of Mosley, as was, briefly, their stepmother, Grace Curzon, Marchioness Curzon of Kedleston.[3]

Electoral defeat and death

All the New Party's candidates in the 1931 election lost their seat or failed to win in constituencies, instead seeing a unified coalition government which involved the Conservatives, Liberals and a breakaway from the main Labour Party amid the Great Depression. Cynthia Mosley herself did not stand in the election. From then on she drifted away from her husband politically, having no sympathy for his move towards fascism. She died in 1933 at 34 after an operation for peritonitis following acute appendicitis, in London.[4]

Styles

  • 23 August–20 October 1898: Miss Cynthia Blanche Curzon
  • 20 October 1898 – 2 November 1911: The Hon. Cynthia Blanche Curzon
  • 2 November 1911 – 11 May 1920: Lady Cynthia Blanche Curzon[5]
  • 1928–30 May 1929: Lady Cynthia Blanche, Lady Mosley
  • 30 May 1929 – 27 October 1931: The Rt. Hon. Lady Cynthia Blanche, Lady Mosley MP
  • 27 October 1931 – 16 May 1933: Lady Cynthia Blanche, Lady Mosley

Sources

  • De Courcy Anne (2003) "The Viceroy's Daughters, The Lives of the Curzon Sisters", Harper Collins; ISBN 0-06-093557-X (biography); retrieved 14 March 2007[6]
  • Mosley [7]
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Lady Cynthia Mosley

Notes

  1. ^ See also Courtesy titles in the United Kingdom.
    As the wife of a baronet she was occasionally seen in records as Lady Mosley; however by preference always referred to as Lady Cynthia (when used in public with a surname, Curzon/Mosley), her own title as the daughter of a marquess.
  2. ^ b. 25 February 1921, d. 25 August 2002, aged 81. m. St-Martin-in-the-Fields, London, January, 1949, Desmond Francis Forbes Adam, the son of Colin Gurdon Forbes Adam, of Skipwith Hall, Selby, Chairman of Yorkshire Post Newspapers, by his wife, the former Hon. Irene Constance Lawley, daughter of the 3rd Lord Wenlock. Vivien's father, Sir Oswald, gave her in marriage at the ceremony. The couple had a son, Rupert, born in 1957, and two daughters, Cynthia, born in 1950, and Arabella, born in 1952. The marriage ended, 3 January 1958, when her husband was killed instantly in a road accident at Newark. He was 31, travelling from London to a family christening in Yorkshire, when a car, in which he was a passenger, collided with a lorry.[2]
  3. ^ One son and two daughters
  4. ^ Four sons and one daughter

References

  1. ^ N. Mosley, Rules of the game: Sir Oswald and Lady Cynthia Mosley, 1896-1933, Secker & Warburg (1982), pg. 247
  2. ^ a b de Courcy Anne (2003) "The Viceroy's Daughters, The Lives of the Curzon Sisters", Harper Collins; ISBN 0-06-093557-X (biography); retrieved 14 March 2007.
  3. ^ N. Mosley, Rules of the game : Sir Oswald and Lady Cynthia Mosley, 1896-1933 (Secker & Warburg, 1982), p. 248
  4. ^ "Cynthia Mosley (1898 - 1933) - Find A Grave Memorial".
  5. ^ "No. 28547". The London Gazette. 3 November 1911. p. 7951.
  6. ^ Archipelago, World. "HarperCollins US".
  7. ^ "MMI Movie Review: Mosley".
1920 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1920 in the United Kingdom.

1931 United Kingdom general election

The 1931 United Kingdom general election was held on Tuesday 27 October 1931 and saw a landslide election victory for the National Government which had been formed two months previously after the collapse of the second Labour government. Collectively, the parties forming the National Government won 67% of the votes and 554 seats out of 615. The bulk of the National Government's support came from the Conservative Party, and the Conservatives won 470 seats. The Labour Party suffered its greatest defeat, losing four out of five seats compared with the previous election. The Liberal Party, split into three factions, continued to shrink and the Liberal National faction never reunited. Ivor Bulmer-Thomas said the results "were the most astonishing in the history of the British party system". It is the most recent election where one party (the Conservatives) received an absolute majority of the votes cast and the last UK general election not to take place on a Thursday, and would be the last election until 1997 in which a party won over 400 seats in the House of Commons.

Baron Ravensdale

Baron Ravensdale, of Ravensdale in the County of Derby, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

Cynthia

Cynthia is a feminine given name of Greek origin: Κυνθία, Kynthía, "from Mount Cynthus" on Delos island. There are various spellings for this name, and it can be abbreviated as Cindy, Cyndi, or as Cyndy.

Cynthia was originally an epithet of the Greek goddess Artemis, who according to legend was born on Mount Cynthus. Selene, the Greek personification of the moon, and the Roman Diana were also sometimes called "Cynthia".

Dudley Field Malone

Dudley Field Malone (June 3, 1882 – October 5, 1950) was an American attorney, politician, liberal activist, and actor. Malone is best remembered as one of the most prominent liberal attorneys in the United States during the decade of the 1920s and for his unsuccessful 1920 campaign for Governor of New York.

George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston

George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, (11 January 1859–20 March 1925), who was styled as George Curzon of Kedleston between 1898 and 1911, and as Earl Curzon of Kedleston between 1911 and 1921, and was known commonly as Lord Curzon, was a British Conservative statesman, who served as Viceroy of India, from 1899 to 1905, during which time he created the territory of Eastern Bengal and Assam, and as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, from 1919 to 1924.

Despite his illustrious success as both Viceroy and Foreign Secretary, especially at the recent Conference of Lausanne, in 1923 Curzon was denied the office of Prime Minister. This was partly because Curzon was a member of the House of Lords, and partly because Lord Davidson—to whom Baldwin was loyal—and Sir Charles Waterhouse falsely claimed to Lord Stamfordham that the resigned Prime Minister Bonar Law had recommended that George V appoint Baldwin, not Curzon, as his successor. Curzon had been the candidate for Prime Minister preferred by the 4th Marquess of Salisbury, the son of the former Prime Minister, the 3rd Marquess.

Winston S. Churchill, one of Curzon's main rivals, accurately contended that Curzon "sow[ed] gratitude and resentment along his path with equally lavish hands". However, even contemporaries who envied Curzon, such as Stanley Baldwin, conceded that Curzon was, in the words of his biographer Leonard Mosley, 'a devoted and indefatigable public servant, dedicated to the idea of Empire'.Sir David Gilmour, in his biography Curzon: Imperial Statesman (1994), contends that the insuperable extent of Curzon's efforts for the British Empire was forever unrecompensed by the British polity subsequent to his retirement from the office of Viceroy of India, including after his brilliance as Foreign Secretary at the Conference of Lausanne.

Ida Copeland

Ida Copeland (née Fenzi; born 15 April 1881 – 29 June 1964) was an Anglo-Italian British politician. She was active in social welfare both locally and nationally, particularly the Girl Guides, and was one of the earliest women to join Parliament, sitting as a Conservative MP for Stoke on Trent from 1931–35.

Irene Curzon, 2nd Baroness Ravensdale

Mary Irene Curzon, 2nd Baroness Ravensdale, CBE (20 January 1896 – 9 February 1966) was a charitable socialite.

The eldest child of George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston and Mary Leiter, she inherited her father's titles on 20 March 1925, and was created a life peer as Baroness Ravensdale of Kedleston, of Kedleston, in the County of Derby on 6 October 1958. This allowed her to sit in the House of Lords prior to the passing of the Peerage Act 1963, which allowed suo jure hereditary peeresses to enter. She and her two younger sisters were memorialised by Anne de Courcy in The Viceroy's Daughters: the Lives of the Curzon Sisters.

John Ward (trade unionist)

Lieutenant-Colonel John Ward (21 November 1866 – 19 December 1934) was an English Liberal Party politician, trade union leader and soldier.

Lady Alexandra Curzon

Lady Alexandra Naldera Metcalfe, CBE (née Curzon; 20 March/April 1904 – 7 August 1995) was the third daughter of George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston and Viceroy of India, and Lord Curzon's first wife, the American mercantile heiress, Mary Victoria Curzon, Baroness Curzon of Kedleston (née Leiter). She was named after her godmother, Queen Alexandra and her place of conception, Naldehra, India. She and her two older sisters were memorialised by Anne de Courcy in The Viceroy's Daughters: The Lives of the Curzon Sisters.

List of British politicians who have crossed the floor

Members of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, British members of the European Parliament, and members of the British devolved assemblies sometimes cross the floor and abandon a previous party membership to take up a new one. The following list details the dates, members involved, previous and new party affiliations, and an explanation for their switch. In addition, this list notes MPs who have lost or resigned a party whip to become independent, or moved from being independent to taking a party whip.

List of political families in the United Kingdom

During its history, the United Kingdom (and previously the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Scotland and Kingdom of Ireland) has seen many families who have repeatedly produced notable politicians, and consequently such families have had a significant impact on politics in the British Isles.

Certain families, such as the Cecils, owe their long-standing political influence to the composition and role of the House of Lords, which was still mainly composed of hereditary legislators until the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999. Other families, such as the Longs, have had a long tradition of standing for elected office, usually in the House of Commons. Many such families were part of the landed gentry, who often exerted political control in a certain locality over many generations.

Mosley

Mosley is a family name.

The Mosley family were the lords of the manor of Manchester, England until 1846. They also became wealthy landowners in Staffordshire (see Mosley Baronets). Famous family members included:

Sir Oswald Mosley (1896–1980), leader of the British Union of Fascists

Lady Cynthia Mosley (1898–1933), his first wife

Nicholas Mosley, 3rd Baron Ravensdale (1923–2017), novelist, their eldest son

Diana Mosley (1910–2003), his second wife, formerly Diana Mitford

Max Mosley (born 1940), their son, former president of the Fédération Internationale de l'AutomobileOther people with the family name Mosley include:

Andrew Mosley (1885–1917), English footballer

C. J. Mosley (linebacker) (born 1992), American football player

Charles Mosley (coach) (1888–1968), American college sports coach

Charles Mosley (genealogist) (1948–2013), British author and editor of genealogies

Chuck Mosley (1959–2017), American singer.

Edward Mosley (disambiguation)

Eli Mosley, American Neo-nazi, member of Identity Evropa

Ian Mosley (born 1953), drummer in the band Marillion

Jamey Mosley (born 1995), American football player

Karla Cheatham-Mosley (born 1981), American actress

Lacey Mosley (born 1981), American vocalist for the band Flyleaf

Michael Mosley (actor), actor

Michael Mosley (BBC), British BBC television presenter, producer and journalist

Mike Mosley, racecar driver

Sean Mosley (born 1989), American basketball player for Hapoel Tel Aviv B.C. of the Israeli Basketball Premier League

Shane Mosley (born 1971), American boxing champion

Stephen Mosley, Member of Parliament for the City of Chester, England.

Timothy Mosley (born 1971), known as Timbaland, American hip hop producer rapper

Walter Mosley (born 1952), American crime fiction writer

Nicholas Mosley

Nicholas Mosley of Ancoats, 3rd Baron Ravensdale, 7th Baronet, MC, FRSL (25 June 1923 – 28 February 2017), was an English novelist.

Oswald Mosley

Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley of Ancoats, 6th Baronet, (16 November 1896 – 3 December 1980) was a British politician who rose to fame in the 1920s as a Member of Parliament and later in the 1930s became leader of the British Union of Fascists (BUF). Mosley inherited the title 'Sir' by virtue of his baronetcy; he was the sixth baronet of a title that had been in his family for centuries.After military service during the First World War, Mosley was one of the youngest Members of Parliament, representing Harrow from 1918 to 1924, first as a Conservative, then an independent, before joining the Labour Party. He returned to Parliament as the MP for Smethwick at a by-election in 1926, having stood as a Labour candidate, and served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in the Labour Government of 1929–31. He was considered a potential Labour Prime Minister, but resigned due to discord with the Government's unemployment policies. He then founded the New Party. He lost his Smethwick seat at the 1931 general election. The New Party became the British Union of Fascists (BUF) in 1932.

Mosley was imprisoned in May 1940 and the BUF was banned. He was released in 1943 and, politically disgraced by his association with fascism, moved abroad in 1951, spending the majority of the remainder of his life in Paris. He stood for Parliament twice in the postwar era, garnering very little support.

R. B. D. Blakeney

Brigadier-General Robert Byron Drury Blakeney, generally known as R.B.D. Blakeney (April 18, 1872 – February 13, 1952), was a British Army general and fascist politician. After a career with the Royal Engineers, Blakeney went on to serve as President of the British Fascists.

Records of members of parliament of the United Kingdom

This article about records of members of parliament of the United Kingdom and of England includes a variety of lists of MPs by age, period and other circumstances of service, familiar sets, ethnic or religious minorities, physical attributes, and circumstances of their deaths.

Rotha Lintorn-Orman

Rotha Beryl Lintorn Lintorn-Orman (1895–10 March 1935) was the founder of the British Fascisti, the first avowedly fascist movement to appear in British politics.

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