Lachine (French pronunciation: [laʃin]) is a borough (arrondissement) within the city of Montreal on the Island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It was formerly an autonomous city until 2002.
|Borough of Montreal|
The Fontaine de Vie at Lachine Borough Hall
Location of Lachine on the Island of Montreal.
(Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
|Merged||January 1, 2002|
|• Mayor||Maja Vodanovic (Projet)|
|• Federal MP(s)||Anju Dhillon (LPC)|
|• Quebec MNA(s)||François Ouimet (PLQ)|
|• Land||17.75 km2 (6.85 sq mi)|
|• Total||44 489|
|• Change (2011-16)||6.9%|
|• Dwellings (2006)||19,909|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Postal code(s)||H8S, H8T|
Lachine, apparently from French la Chine (China), is often said to have been named in 1667, in mockery of its then owner Robert Cavelier de La Salle, who explored the interior of North America, trying to find a passage to Asia. When he returned without success, he and his men were derisively named les Chinois (Chinese). The name was adopted when the parish of Saints-Anges-de-la-Chine was created in 1678, with the form Lachine appearing with the opening of a post office in 1829.
On August 4, 1689, more than 1500 Mohawk warriors, paid by the English, raided the small village and burned it to the ground under the false pretense of retaliation for the ravaging of the Seneca lands claimed to have been done by governor Denonville and his men when in fact it was done by the English to discredit the French and to secure the Mohawks under their rule. The Lachine massacre left 80 dead. Lachine was incorporated as a city in 1872. In 1999, it merged with the town of Saint-Pierre before being merged into Montreal in 2002. Its logo during its municipality days is still in use as of today.
The borough is located in the southwest portion of the island of Montreal, at the inlet of the Lachine Canal, between the borough of LaSalle, and the city of Dorval. It was a separate city until municipal mergers on January 1, 2002 and did not demerge on January 1, 2006 .
The borough is bordered to the northwest by the city of Dorval to the northeast by Saint-Laurent, to the east by Côte Saint-Luc, Montreal West and a narrow salient of Le Sud-Ouest, and to the south by LaSalle. Its western limit is the shore of Lac Saint-Louis and the Saint Lawrence River.
It has an area of 17.83 km² and a population of 44,489 per the 2016 Canadian Census.
|Non Official language only||4 555||11%|
As of the November 7, 2017 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:
|Maja Vodanovic||Projet Montréal|
|—||City councillor||Micheline Rouleau||Projet Montréal|
|Du Canal||Borough councillor||Julie-Pascale Provost||Projet Montréal|
|Fort-Rolland||Borough councillor||Michèle Flannery||Projet Montréal|
|J.-Émery-Provost||Borough councillor||Younes Boukala||Projet Montréal|
Most noticeable of Lachine's features is the Lachine Canal and its recreational facilities, including the Lachine Canal National Historic Site. Around the canal's inlet, in the southern part of the borough, are located The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site, René Lévesque Park (on a long peninsula extending into Lac Saint-Louis), and the Musée de Lachine, which has collections of modern outdoor sculpture both on its own grounds, in René Lévesque Park, and in other sites throughout the borough. Other historic buildings are also located near the canal's inlet.
Adult schools include:
Professional development centres include:
Secondary schools include:
Primary schools include:
The Lester B. Pearson School Board (LBPSB) operates Anglophone public schools.