Lachine, Quebec

Lachine (French pronunciation: ​[laʃin]) is a borough (arrondissement) within the city of Montreal on the Island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It was an autonomous city until 2002.

Lachine
The Fontaine de Vie at Lachine Borough Hall
The Fontaine de Vie at Lachine Borough Hall
Official logo of Lachine

Location of Lachine on the Island of Montreal. (Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Location of Lachine on the Island of Montreal.
(Grey areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Coordinates: 45°26′25″N 73°42′20″W / 45.44028°N 73.70556°W
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontréal
Incorporated1872
MergedJanuary 1, 2002
Electoral Districts
Federal

Dorval—Lachine—LaSalle
ProvincialMarquette
Government
 • TypeBorough
 • MayorAthen Gozoblu (Projet)
 • Federal MP(s)Anju Dhillon (LPC)
 • Quebec MNA(s)François Ouimet (PLQ)
Area
 • Land17.75 km2 (6.85 sq mi)
Population
 • Total44 489
 • Change (2011-16)
Increase6.9%
 • Dwellings (2006)
19,909
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)514[4]
Access Routes[5]
A-13
A-20

A-520
Route 138
Websitelachine. ville.montreal.qc.ca

History

Lachine StsAnges1 tango7174
Church of Saints-Anges-Gardiens, built 1919-1920.

Lachine, apparently from French la Chine (China), is often said to have been named in 1667, in mockery of its then owner Robert Cavelier de La Salle, who explored the interior of North America, trying to find a passage to Asia. When he returned without success, he and his men were derisively named les Chinois (Chinese). The name was adopted when the parish of Saints-Anges-de-la-Chine was created in 1678, with the form Lachine appearing with the opening of a post office in 1829.[6]

On August 4, 1689, more than 1500 Mohawk warriors raided the small village and burned it to the ground in retaliation for the ravaging of the Seneca lands claimed to have been done by governor Denonville. The Lachine massacre left 80 dead. Lachine was incorporated as a city in 1872. In 1999, it merged with the town of Saint-Pierre before being merged into Montreal in 2002. Its logo during its municipality days is still in use as of today.

Geography

The borough is located in the southwest portion of the island of Montreal, at the inlet of the Lachine Canal, between the borough of LaSalle, and the city of Dorval. It was a separate city until municipal mergers on January 1, 2002 and did not demerge on January 1, 2006 [1].

The borough is bordered to the northwest by the city of Dorval to the northeast by Saint-Laurent, to the east by Côte Saint-Luc, Montreal West and a narrow salient of Le Sud-Ouest, and to the south by LaSalle. Its western limit is the shore of Lac Saint-Louis and the Saint Lawrence River.

It has an area of 17.83 km² and a population of 44,489 per the 2016 Canadian Census.

Demographics

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
196650,221—    
197151,220+2.0%
197647,542−7.2%
198142,826−9.9%
198639,850−6.9%
199140,233+1.0%
199639,910−0.8%
200140,222+0.8%
200641,391+2.9%
201141,616+0.5%
201644,489+6.9%
[7]
Home Language (2016) [8]
Language Population Percentage (%)
French 23 750 60%
English 11 880 29%
Non Official language only 4 555 11%

Government

Municipal government

As of the November 7, 2017 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:

District Position Name   Party
 — Borough mayor
City councillor
Athen Bozoglu   Projet Montréal
 — City councillor Micheline Rouleau   Projet Montréal
Du Canal Borough councillor Julie-Pascale Provost   Projet Montréal
Fort-Rolland Borough councillor Michèle Flannery   Projet Montréal
J.-Émery-Provost Borough councillor Younes Boukala   Projet Montréal

Federal and provincial districts

The entire borough is located within the federal riding of Dorval-Lachine-LaSalle, and within the provincial electoral district of Marquette.

Infrastructure

Lachine Poste de Traite
Trading Post on the Lachine Canal.

Autoroute 20 passes through Lachine, which is also served by the Lachine commuter train station.

Most noticeable of Lachine's features is the Lachine Canal and its recreational facilities, including the Lachine Canal National Historic Site. Around the canal's inlet, in the southern part of the borough, are located The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site, René Lévesque Park (on a long peninsula extending into Lac Saint-Louis), and the Musée de Lachine, which has collections of modern outdoor sculpture both on its own grounds, in René Lévesque Park, and in other sites throughout the borough. Other historic buildings are also located near the canal's inlet.

Parks

A memorial to Air India Flight 182 is located in Monk Island, in Lachine. It was inaugurated in 2010.[9]

Education

Primary and secondary schools

College Sainte-Anne 03
Collège Sainte-Anne

The Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys operates Francophone public schools.[10]

Adult schools include:

  • Centre d'éducation des adultes de LaSalle, Édifice Boileau

Professional development centres include:

  • Centre de formation professionnelle de Lachine (CFP), Édifice Dalbé-Viau and Édifice de la Rive

Secondary schools include:

  • École secondaire Dalbé-Viau
  • Collège Saint-Louis
  • College Sainte-Anne de Lachine

Primary schools include:

Victor-therien-2
École Primaire Victor Therien
  • École Primaire des Berges-de-Lachine
  • École Primaire Jardin-des-Saints-Anges
  • École Primaire Martin-Bélanger
  • École Primaire Paul-Jarry
  • École Primaire Philippe-Morin
  • École Primaire Très-Saint-Sacrement

The Lester B. Pearson School Board (LBPSB) operates Anglophone public schools.

  • Lakeside Academy (a merger of Lachine High School and Bishop Whelan High School)
  • Maple Grove Elementary School in Lachine, a merger of the Meadowbrook School in Lachine and the Bishop-Whelan School in Dorval, opened in August 2010[11]
  • A portion is zoned to LaSalle Elementary Junior and Senior Campus in LaSalle[12]
  • The Pearson Electrotechnology Centre (PEC; Centre d'électrotechnologie Pearson), a public vocational school of the LBPSB, is in Lachine.[13]

Public libraries

The Montreal Public Libraries Network operates the Saint-Pierre Branch and the Saul-Bellow Branch in Lachine.[14]

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Lachine
  2. ^ a b 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Lachine, Quebec
  3. ^ "Population totale en 2006 et en 2011 - Variation — Densité" (PDF). Canada 2016 Census (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Lachine, QC". Local Calling Guide.
  5. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map
  6. ^ Commission de toponymie du Québec - Lachine (Ville)
  7. ^ "Profil sociodéographique: Arrondissement de Lachine" (PDF) (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  8. ^ http://ville.montreal.qc.ca/portal/page?_pageid=6897,68087638&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL
  9. ^ "Memorial to victims of Air India bombing inaugurated in Lachine." CTV Montreal. Sunday December 5, 2010. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
  10. ^ "ÉCOLES ET CENTRES." Commission Scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
  11. ^ "Home." Maple Grove Elementary School. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
  12. ^ "School Board Map." Lester B. Pearson School Board. Retrieved on September 28, 2017.
  13. ^ "Home Archived 2014-11-11 at the Wayback Machine." Pearson Electrotechnology Centre. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.
  14. ^ "Les bibliothèques par arrondissement." Montreal Public Libraries Network. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.

External links

Coordinates: 45°25′54″N 73°40′30″W / 45.43167°N 73.67500°W

Claude Lapointe

Claude Lapointe (born October 11, 1968) is a Canadian former ice hockey player. In his career, Lapointe played for the Quebec Nordiques, Colorado Avalanche, Calgary Flames, New York Islanders, and Philadelphia Flyers.

Dorval—Lachine—LaSalle

Dorval—Lachine—LaSalle is a federal electoral district on Montreal Island in Quebec. It encompasses a portion of Quebec formerly included in the electoral districts of LaSalle—Émard and Notre-Dame-de-Grâce—Lachine.Dorval—Lachine—LaSalle was created by the 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution and was legally defined in the 2013 representation order. It came into effect upon the call of the Canadian federal election, 2015, scheduled for 19 October 2015.The riding was originally intended to be named Dorval—Lachine.

Du Canal station

Du Canal station is a commuter rail station operated by the Réseau de transport métropolitain (RTM) in the borough of Lachine in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

It is served by the Candiac line. The station was opened as part of the strategy to reduce traffic congestion during the Turcot Interchange reconstruction.

François Lacombe

François Lacombe (born February 2, 1948 in Lachine, Quebec) is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey defenceman.

Georges Mantha

Joseph Georges Leon Mantha (November 29, 1907 – January 25, 1990) was a Canadian ice hockey forward born in Lachine, Quebec. His 1907 birthday was confirmed with his Baptism records by SIHR.

Mantha played his National Hockey League career with the Montreal Canadiens. His career lasted from 1928 to 1941. His brother Sylvio Mantha also played in the NHL. Mantha would win two Stanley Cups in his career, in 1930 and 1931.

Jane Cowell-Poitras

Jane Cowell-Poitras (born 1953) is a Canadian politician. She was an elected member of Montreal City Council from 2001 until 2013 and had served as councillor of Lachine from 1988 until its amalgamation with Montreal in 2001. Her portfolio included social development, family, and senior citizens.

As deputy mayor, she served as acting mayor of the city from November 5 to November 16, 2012 following the resignation of Gérald Tremblay, and again from June 18 to June 25, 2013 following the resignation of Michael Applebaum.

Kimveer Gill

Kimveer Singh Gill (July 9, 1981 – September 13, 2006) was the perpetrator of the Dawson College shooting at Dawson College in Montreal, Quebec, Canada on September 13, 2006. He killed one student and wounded nineteen others before committing suicide. Gill had a fascination with 9/11 conspiracy theories, the Iraq War, and the Columbine High School massacre.

Lachine Maroons

Les Maroons de Lachine were a Canadian Junior ice hockey team from Lachine, Quebec, Canada. The started as a franchise in the Metropolitaine leagues in 1953 in both the Junior A and Junior B divisions. Later, in 1995, the Pierrefonds Lions of the Quebec Junior A league moved to Lachine and resumed use of the name.

Following the 2014-15 season the Maroon franchise was sold to investors of the Gatineau Mustangs. The Mustangs were former members of the Eastern Ontario Junior B Hockey League. This league re-organized and re-branded itself as the Central Canada Hockey League Tier 2 and eliminated 6 teams one of which was the Gatineau Mustangs. The re-located Maroons will now be known as the Gatineau Flames.

Lachine station

Lachine station is a commuter rail station operated by the Réseau de transport métropolitain (RTM) in the borough of Lachine, Canada.

It is served by commuter trains of the RTM and is part of the Vaudreuil–Hudson line.

It has no connecting bus routes.

Luc Picard

Luc Picard (born 24 September 1961) is a French Canadian actor, director and comedian. He was born on September 24, 1961 in Lachine, Quebec, Canada. He has played numerous characters in diverse roles.

An intense actor with piercing eyes and a nervous smile, Picard trained at the Conservatoire d’Art Dramatique in Montreal and quickly became a favourite with Quebec audiences with his frequent appearances on television. During the 1990s, he slowly developed as a film star with character roles in a variety films, especially those by Pierre Falardeau. In 2002, Picard scored a double triumph with a Genie Award for his performance as the psychotic cult leader in Savage Messiah and a Prix Jutra for The Collector, directed by Jean Beaudin. In 2005 he directed his first feature, Audition, which was followed by Babine in 2008, Ésimésac in 2012, 9 in 2016 and Cross My Heart (Les Rois mongols) in 2017.

He is most commonly known for his portrayal of the infamous Michel Chartrand in the biographical TV series Simmone et Chartrand, where he was nominated for Gemini Awards. His acting film credits also include A Sunday in Kigali (Un dimanche a Kigali), Cap Tourmente, The Woman Who Drinks (La Femme qui boit), The Last Breath (Le Dernier souffle), Night Song and Bad Seeds (Les Mauvaises herbes).

He was formerly married to actress Isabel Richer, until they announced their split in 2013.

Marquette (provincial electoral district)

Marquette is a provincial electoral district in the Montreal region of Quebec, Canada, that elects members to the National Assembly of Quebec. It comprises the cities of Dorval, L'Île-Dorval, and the Lachine borough of Montreal.

It was created for the 1981 election from parts of Jacques-Cartier, Marguerite-Bourgeoys and Notre-Dame-de-Grâce electoral districts.

In the change from the 2001 to the 2011 electoral map, it lost the part of LaSalle borough that it formerly had to Marguerite-Bourgeoys electoral district.

Martin Lapointe

Martin T. Lapointe (born September 12, 1973) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player. He played in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Detroit Red Wings, Boston Bruins, Chicago Blackhawks, and Ottawa Senators.

He is best known for winning the Stanley Cup as a member of the Red Wings in both 1997 and 1998. He is currently the director of player development for the Montreal Canadiens.

Martin Savidge

Martin Savidge (born May 27, 1958) is an American television news correspondent.

Savidge worked for NBC News and was a special correspondent and former anchor for public television's Worldfocus nightly news program in the role of a special correspondent. He previously worked for WJW, Cleveland, where he also worked with current NBC correspondent Kelly O'Donnell. Savidge began anchoring CNN Newsroom in January 2011.

Montreal and Lachine Railroad

The Montreal and Lachine Railroad opened on November 19, 1847, with service between Bonaventure Station in Montreal and the Saint Lawrence River in Lachine. Built to bypass the Lachine Rapids, it was 12 km long. The railway merged with the Lake St. Louis and Province Railroad in 1850 under the name Montreal and New York Railroad. In 1857 it merged with the Champlain and Saint Lawrence Railroad as the Montreal and Champlain Railroad. It would eventually be absorbed by the Grand Trunk Railway.

Notre-Dame-de-Grâce—Lachine

Notre-Dame-de-Grâce—Lachine (formerly known as Lachine—Notre-Dame-de-Grâce) was a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1997 to 2015. Its population in 2006 was 104,715.

Phil Goyette

Joseph Georges Philippe Goyette (born October 31, 1933) is a retired professional ice hockey center who played in the NHL for 16 seasons between 1956 and 1972.

Tracy Wilson

Tracy Wilson, (born September 25, 1961) is a Canadian ice dancer. With partner Rob McCall, she won the Canadian national championship seven times (1982–1988), is a three-time World bronze medalist, and the 1988 Olympic bronze medalist.

Ville Saint-Pierre

Ville Saint-Pierre is a small neighbourhood of the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, located in the Borough of Lachine. It was a separate town until it merged with Lachine in 1999. In 2002, the amalgamated city of Lachine merged into Montreal.

The borders of the neighbourhood are the Lachine Canal/Borough of LaSalle to the south and east, the Town of Montreal West to the north and the rest of Lachine to the west. The entire neighbourhood has the H8R postal code.

The town had an area of 2.15 square kilometres (0.83 sq mi), and a population of 4,739 in the last census (1996) prior to amalgamation.

William McIntyre (judge)

William Rogers McIntyre, (March 15, 1918 – June 14, 2009) was a Canadian Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.

Born in Lachine, Quebec, the son of Charles Sidney McIntyre and Pauline May Sifton, he moved with his family to Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan when he was young. In 1939, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Saskatchewan. After serving during World War II, he received his Bachelor of Laws in 1946 from University of Saskatchewan.

In 1947, he was called to the Bars of Saskatchewan and British Columbia and practiced law in Victoria, British Columbia.

In 1967, he was appointed to the Supreme Court of British Columbia and elevated to the British Columbia Court of Appeal in 1973. In 1979, he was appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada and retired in 1989. In 1991, he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada.

Places adjacent to Lachine, Quebec
Municipalities
West Island municipalities
Boroughs of Montreal
Neighbourhoods of Montreal
Former municipalities
of Montreal Island
Former boroughs
of Montreal Island

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