La Paz Municipality, Baja California Sur

La Paz is a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. Its area of 20,275 km² (7,828.2 sq mi) makes it the municipality in Mexico with the fourth-largest area.[2] It had a population of 290,286 inhabitants in the 2015 census.[1] Its municipal seat, also named La Paz, is the state capital.

La Paz
Seaside of La Paz
Seaside of La Paz
Coat of arms of La Paz

Coat of arms
Location of municipality in Baja California Sur
Location of municipality in Baja California Sur
Country Mexico
State Baja California Sur
Government
 • Municipal presidentVíctor Castro Cosío (PRD)
Area
 • Total20,274.98 km2 (7,828.21 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total290,286 [1]
 Data source: INEGI
Time zoneUTC−7 (Pacific (US Mountain))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (Pacific)
Website(in Spanish) Ayuntamiento de La Paz
Source: Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1970 51,521—    
1980 130,427+153.2%
1990 160,970+23.4%
1995 182,418+13.3%
2000 196,907+7.9%
2005 219,596+11.5%
2010 251,871+14.7%
2015 290,286+15.3%
[3]

As of 2015, the municipality had a total population of 290,286. [1]

As of 2015, the city of La Paz had a population of 244,219.[1] Other than the city of La Paz, the municipality had 1,749 localities, the largest of which (with 2015 populations in brackets) were: Todos Santos (6,485), El Centenario (6,068), classified as urban, and El Pescadero (3,151), Chametla (2,734), Colonia Calafia (2,064), Melitón Albáñez Domínguez (2,140), and Los Barriles (1,174), classified as rural.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Poblacion Por Municipio, Superficie, Densidad De Poblacion" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  2. ^ (in Spanish) Los Municipios con Mayor y Menor Extensión Territorial Archived 2007-03-03 at the Wayback Machine, Instituto Nacional Para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal, SEGOB (Mexico.) Accessed on line 15-II-2008.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-09-15. Retrieved 2014-09-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "La Paz". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014.

External links

Coordinates: 24°00′N 110°45′W / 24.000°N 110.750°W

Coromuel

The Coromuel wind is a weather phenomenon unique to the La Paz area of the Baja California peninsula and adjoining Gulf of California. Occurring primarily in the late spring and summer, it is a south to south-west wind that typically starts late in the afternoon or early evening and blows throughout the night into the mid-morning. It has a rapid onset and can be very strong especially in the Bay of La Paz.The basic mechanism of the Coromuel winds is fairly clear. The winds are created when the cool marine air from the Pacific side of the peninsula are drawn over the desert to the relatively warmer side of the Gulf of California. It only occurs in the La Paz area because this is the only place on the peninsula that does not have a spine of mountains blocking such an air flow.The winds receive their name after Samuel Cromwell, a sailor from the 19th century, believed to be a pirate. He visited La Paz often and, according to legend, hid one of his biggest treasures on the beach that carries his name. Since natives could not pronounce his surname, they called him "Coromuel."

El Centenario

El Centenario is a small seaside town located in La Paz Municipality, Baja California Sur, Mexico, approximately 15 km west of La Paz, the capital city. El Centenario had a 2015 census population of 6,068 persons.Since its establishment, El Centenario has grown as a suburb of La Paz. The majority of the working residents commute to La Paz or surrounding areas. In recent years, El Centenario has become a favorite location for United States and Canadian citizens to build new houses, either as vacation homes or as primary residences for retirement. The lower cost of living, when compared to the U.S., especially California or Florida, plus the rapid modernization of Baja California Sur, has made it an increasingly viable alternative to retire. New neighborhoods with growing English-speaking populations include Lomas del Centenario and Haciendas Palo Verde.

El Santo Niño, Baja California Sur

El Santo Niño is a small village in Baja California Sur in La Paz Municipality. The village had a population of 24 as of 2010.

El Triunfo, Baja California Sur

El Triunfo is a town in La Paz Municipality, Baja California Sur, Mexico, about 4.5 miles north of San Antonio. The town is located at an elevation of 483 meters (1,585 feet) above sea level and has a population of 327. It is a former mining town.

Isla Espíritu Santo

Isla Espíritu Santo is an island in the Gulf of California, off the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is separated from Isla Partida by a narrow canal.It has a land area of 80.763 square kilometres (31.183 sq mi), the 12th-largest island in Mexico. Isla Partida's land area is 15.495 square kilometres (5.983 sq mi). They are part of La Paz Municipality and are both a short boat trip from La Paz on the Baja California Peninsula.

There was human presence of the island already about 9,000 years ago.

Isla Partida

Isla Partida is separated from Isla Espíritu Santo by a shallow, narrow channel. These two islands, in the Gulf of California, are protected by UNESCO as biospheres. They are located a short boat ride from La Paz, which lies on the Baja California Peninsula in Mexico. It has a land area of 15.495 km (9.628 mi) and is part of the Municipality of La Paz in Baja California Sur.

Los Barriles, Baja California Sur

Los Barriles ("The Barrels") is a town (population 1,174) in La Paz Municipality, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It is situated along Highway 1, 40 miles (64 km) north of San José del Cabo and 65 miles (105 km) south of La Paz. Punta Pescadero Airstrip is 9 miles (14 km) to the north; Rancho Leonero, a vacation resort, is to the south. Adjacent to Buena Vista, the rural towns straddle the head of Bahía las Palmas on the Gulf of California, where winter westerlies average 20–25 knots (37–46 km/h; 23–29 mph). Los Barriles is within the transition area of the Baja California peninsula's Sierra de la Laguna where the hills become sandy flats.

Known for its flyfishing, Los Barriles is also Baja's kitesurfing and windsurfing capital. The town's port was closed on 2 September during the 2013 Pacific hurricane season's Tropical Storm Lorena. In 2006, the Shakespeare Theatre Association's annual conference was held in Los Barriles.

Melitón Albáñez Domínguez, Baja California Sur

Melitón Albáñez Domínguez is a small village in Baja California Sur in La Paz Municipality. The village had a population of 2,140 as of 2015.

Melitón Albáñez Domínguez Airstrip

Melitón Albáñez Domínguez Airstrip (IATA: N/A) is a dirt airstrip located in Ejido Melitón Albáñez Domíngez, Municipality of La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico.

Ejido Melitón Albáñez Domíngez is an ejido located on the Pacific Ocean coast, north of the town of Todos Santos.

Some times the MOA code is used as identifier.

There is some sort of industrial plant here and one near the beach.

Misión Santa Rosa de las Palmas

Misión Santa Rosa de las Palmas, also known as Todos Santos Mission, was founded by the Roman Catholic Jesuits in 1733. After 1748, the mission was known as Nuestra Señora del Pilar de la Paz. The mission was the first European settlement at the site of what is now the city of Todos Santos, Baja California Sur. The Santa Rosa Mission was located in one of the few areas of Baja California suitable for agriculture. The residents of the Mission were primarily Guaycura Native Americans (American Indians) whom the Jesuits and their successors, the Franciscans and Dominicans, attempted to convert to Christianity and to make into sedentary farm workers. Recurrent epidemics of introduced European diseases reduced the Indian population to only a handful by the 19th century and in 1825 the mission was closed.

Punta Arena Airstrip

Punta Arena Airstrip is a privately owned public-use paved airstrip located to the North East of San Juan de los Planes, Municipality of La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico, near the Gulf of California coast, in the area of Punta Arena and Bahía de los Muertos (near the "Bay of Dreams" residential development). This airport is used solely for general aviation purposes. The LAR code is used as identifier.

San Lucan xeric scrub

The San Lucan xeric scrub is a xeric shrubland ecoregion of the southernmost Baja California Peninsula, in Los Cabos Municipality and eastern La Paz Municipality of southern Baja California Sur state, Mexico.

Siege of La Paz

The Siege of La Paz was a Mexican siege of their own city of La Paz in Baja California Sur. Mexican militia forces attempted to destroy the United States Army garrison, occupying the peninsular town. The siege occurred over a twelve-day period in November and December 1847, at the end of the Mexican–American War.

Sierra de la Giganta

The Sierra de la Giganta is a mountain range of eastern Baja California Sur state, located on the southern Baja California Peninsula in northwestern Mexico.

It is a mountain range of the Peninsular Ranges System, which extends 1,500 km (930 mi) from Southern California, through the Baja California Peninsula in Baja California and Baja California Sur states.

Sierra de la Laguna

The Sierra de la Laguna is a mountain range at the southern end of the Baja California Peninsula in Mexico, and is the southernmost range of the Peninsular Ranges System.

It is located in La Paz Municipality and Los Cabos Municipality of southern Baja California Sur state.

The "Sierra de la Laguna High Point", at 6,857 feet (2,090 m) in elevation, is the highest point of the range and in Baja California Sur state.

Sierra de la Laguna dry forests

The Sierra de la Laguna dry forests are a subtropical dry forest ecoregion of the southern Baja California Peninsula in Mexico.

Sierra de las Cacachilas

The Sierra de las Cacachilas is a mountain range of eastern Baja California Sur state, located on the southern Baja California Peninsula in northwestern Mexico.

It is a mountain range of the Peninsular Ranges System, which extends 1,500 km (930 mi) from Southern California, through the Baja California Peninsula in Baja California and Baja California Sur states.

Todos Santos, Baja California Sur

Todos Santos (Spanish [ˌtoðos 'santos] ) is a small coastal town in the foothills of the Sierra de la Laguna Mountains, on the Pacific coast side of the Baja California Peninsula, about an hour's drive north of Cabo San Lucas on Highway 19 and an hour's drive southwest from La Paz. Todos Santos is located very near the Tropic of Cancer in the municipality of La Paz. The population was 6,485 at the census of 2015. It is the second-largest town in the municipality.

Todos Santos Airstrip

Todos Santos Airstrip (IATA: N/A) is a private-use dirt airstrip located 4 miles east of Todos Santos, Municipality of La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico, a town located near the Pacific Ocean coast. Permission must be given before landing (the runway is closed with obstacles).

Municipalities and
municipal seats

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