La Paz, Baja California Sur

La Paz (pronounced [la ˈpas] (listen), Peace) is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur and an important regional commercial center. The city had a 2015 census population of 244,219 inhabitants,[1] making it the most populous city in the state. Its metropolitan population is somewhat larger because of the surrounding towns, such as El Centenario, Chametla and San Pedro. It is in La Paz Municipality, which is the fourth-largest municipality in Mexico in geographical size and reported a population of 290,286 inhabitants on a land area of 20,275 km2 (7,828 sq mi).[2]

The population of La Paz has grown greatly since the 2000s. The growth is largely because the city has one of the highest standards of living and security in Mexico.

La Paz is served by the Manuel Márquez de León International Airport with flights to the most important cities of Mexico: Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey. Airlines flying into La Paz include Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris and VivaAerobus. Two ferry services operate from the port of Pichilingue outside the city, connecting the Baja California peninsula to the mainland at Mazatlán and Topolobampo, near Los Mochis.

Street Scene - La Paz - Baja California Sur - Mexico - 02 (23809196496)
Business zone near the promenade
La Paz
Cathedral of La Paz, Baja California
Parque Acuatico El Coromuel
Catedral de nuestra señora de La Paz
Balandra.jpeg
Cathedral of La Paz, Baja California 02
La Paz coastline
From top to bottom and left to right: Cathedral of La Paz, El Coromuel Water Park, Cathedral of Our lady of La Paz, Stone in Playa Balandra, Inside the Cathedral of La Paz and Playa Balandra
Coat of arms of La Paz

Coat of arms
Location of La Paz in Baja California Sur
Location of La Paz in Baja California Sur
La Paz is located in Mexico
La Paz
La Paz
Location of La Paz in Mexico
Coordinates: 24°08′32″N 110°18′39″W / 24.14222°N 110.31083°WCoordinates: 24°08′32″N 110°18′39″W / 24.14222°N 110.31083°W
CountryMexico
StateBaja California Sur
MunicipalityLa Paz
FoundedMay 3, 1535
named La Paz1596
Government
 • Municipal presidentLic. Rubén Muñoz (Morena)
Elevation
27 m (89 ft)
Population
 (2015 [1])
 • City244,219 [1]
 • Metro
290,286 [1]
 Data source: INEGI
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Websitewww.lapaz.gob.mx
Source: Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

History

La Paz was first inhabited by Neolithic hunter-gatherers at least 10,000 years ago who left traces of their existence in the form of rock paintings near the city and throughout the Baja California Peninsula. Fortun Ximenez piloted the Concepcion into the bay in late 1533. He and twenty-two of his crew were killed by the native population.[3] On May 3, 1535, Hernán Cortés arrived in the bay by La Paz and named it "Santa Cruz"; he attempted to start a colony but abandoned his efforts after several years due to logistical problems.[4] In 1596, Sebastián Vizcaíno arrived, giving the area its modern name, La Paz.

From January 10, 1854, to May 8, 1854, it served as the capital of William Walker's Republic of Sonora. The project collapsed due to lack of US support and pressure from the Mexican government to retake the region.

Climate

Baiadelapaz
The Bay of La Paz, as seen from the International Space Station. El Mogote peninsula is visible to the center left.

La Paz has a desert climate. The climate of La Paz is relatively consistent with generally little rainfall, with a year around average temperature of between 17 and 30 °C (63 and 86 °F). Summer months (July–September) typically see highs between 34 and 36 °C (93 and 97 °F) and dew points of 21–23 °C (70–73 °F).[5] The winter months (December–February) are the coldest with temperatures dropping below 15 °C (59 °F) at night, but mostly maxima are from 20 to 25 °C (68 to 77 °F). Breezes from Bahía de La Paz moderate the temperature. The bay also acts as a barrier against seasonal storms in the Gulf of California.

Rainfall is minimal at most times of year, although erratic downpours can bring heavy rains. Rain tends to be concentrated in a short, slightly rainier season that peaks in August and September, following the pattern of the North American Monsoon. The driest season, where it is common to have no rain, occurs March through June. La Paz averages over 300 days of sunshine annually and an average of 3148 sunshine hours.

During the summer the cooling Coromuel winds, a weather phenomenon unique to the La Paz area, blow during the night from the Pacific over the Peninsula and into the Bay of La Paz.

As with most of the Gulf of California, the temperature of the water changes substantially over the course of the year, with temperatures around 68 °F (20 °C) during winter and around 85 °F (29 °C) during summer.[6][7][8][9]

Average Sea Temperature
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
68 °F
20 °C
66 °F
19 °C
68 °F
20 °C
72 °F
22 °C
75 °F
24 °C
79 °F
26 °C
82 °F
28 °C
84 °F
29 °C
86 °F
30 °C
84 °F
29 °C
79 °F
26 °C
72 °F
22 °C

Economy

The population of La Paz has grown greatly since the 2000s.

Eco-tourism is by far the most important source of tourism income in La Paz. Tourists also visit the city's balnearios. There are some 900 islands and inlets in the Gulf of California with 244 now under UNESCO protection as World Heritage Bio-Reserves and the Isla Espíritu Santo group, which borders the northeast portion of the Bay of La Paz, the primary tourist destination of the area.

Industries include silver mining, agriculture, fishing and pearls. Tourism is also an important source of employment for this coastal community.

Along with the area's marinas, new developments are emerging because of the proximity to the United States.

When Aero California existed, its headquarters were in La Paz.[14]

Transportation

La Paz is served by Manuel Márquez de León International Airport with flights to the most important cities of Mexico: Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey. Airlines flying into La Paz include Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris and VivaAerobus. Two ferry services operate from the port of Pichilingue outside the city, connecting the Baja California peninsula to the mainland at Mazatlán and Topolobampo, near Los Mochis.

Roads

Running along the coast in front of La Paz is 5 km (3.1 mi) long Malecon Road. The main purpose of this road is to allow easy movement across the city. However, it quickly became the focal point of tourist related activities with a large number of bars, restaurants and shops opening along its length. Since 2004 extensive development has taken place which included a large sidewalk which offers safety for large numbers of people to walk along the coastal front of La Paz.

In September 2011, a bicycle lane was added to Malecon Road, providing cyclists protection from cars and pedestrians.

La Paz is served mainly by two highways; Mexican Federal Highway 1 that links the south of the state from Cabo San Lucas to the north of the peninsula to Tijuana, and Mexican Federal Highway 19, that connects La Paz with the population of the south pacific towns such as Todos Santos and El Pescadero. It is also served by two secondary roads, the Los Planes highway (286) that connects La Paz with towns such as La Ventana, Ensenada de los Muertos and Los Planes. The other is the Pichilingue highway which links La Paz with its maritime port.

Demographics

The city had a 2015 census population of 244,219 inhabitants,[1] making it the most populous city in the state. Its metropolitan population is somewhat larger because of the surrounding towns, such as El Centenario, Chametla and San Pedro. Its surrounding municipality, which is the fourth-largest municipality in Mexico in geographical size, reported a population of 290,286 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 24,253—    
1970 —    
1980 —    
1990 136,759—    
1995 154,314+12.8%
2000 162,954+5.6%
2005 189,178+16.1%
2010 215,178+13.7%
2015 244,219+13.5%
Sources:[15][16]

Education

La Paz is the state capital and center of commerce, as well as the home of the three leading marine biology institutes in Latin America (UABCS, CIBNOR & CICIMAR), largely because it sits on the Gulf of California, which is home to exceptional marine biodiversity. It also supports several other university-level institutes of learning, such as the Universidad Autonoma de Baja California Sur.

In popular culture

John Steinbeck visited La Paz in 1940. He describes the town in his 1947 novel The Pearl and mentions it extensively in his 1951 travelogue The Log from the Sea of Cortez.[17]

The city is also the setting of the 1967 Scott O'Dell children's novel The Black Pearl, chosen as a Newbery Honor Book in 1968;[18] La Paz is the home of the main character.

Sister cities

See also

  • Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico portal

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Data" (PDF). www.saludbcs.gob.mx.
  2. ^ (in Spanish) Los Municipios con Mayor y Menor Extensión Territorial Archived 2007-03-03 at the Wayback Machine, Instituto Nacional Para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal, SEGOB (Mexico.) Accessed 15 February 2008.
  3. ^ P.38 footnote 12 "The Land of Sunshine Vol. 11 No. 1"
  4. ^ Chapter 2, vol. 1, History of California, Theodore Henry Hittell, San Francisco: N. J. Stone & Company, 1897.
  5. ^ "La Paz, Baja California Sur Travel Weather Averages". Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  6. ^ "The Gulf of California - A Physical, Geological and Biological Study" By Rebekah K. Nix
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-12-21. Retrieved 2012-06-12.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/redalyc/html/479/47942204/47942204.html
  9. ^ Ltd, Copyright Global Sea Temperatures - A-Connect. "La Paz Sea Temperature January Average, Mexico - Sea Temperatures". World Sea Temperatures. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  10. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951-2010". Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  11. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for La Paz (DGE) 1940-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  12. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1981–2000" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  13. ^ "CLIMAT summary for 76405: La Paz, Bcs (Mexico) – Section 2: Monthly Normals". CLIMAT monthly weather summaries. Ogimet. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  14. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-03-27. p. 46.
  15. ^ "MEXICO: Baja California Sur". Citypopulation.de. 2012-01-08. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-09-15. Retrieved 2014-09-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ Steinbeck, John (2000). The Log from the Sea of Cortez. London: Penguin. pp. 84–105. ISBN 978-0-14-118607-8.
  18. ^ Newbery Medal and Honor Books, 1922-Present Archived 2008-02-18 at the Wayback Machine, ALSC, American Library Association. Accessed on line 15-II-2008.

External links

Aero California

Aero California (at times shortened AeroCal) was a low-cost airline with its headquarters in La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico, operating a network of domestic passenger flights with its hub at the city's Manuel Márquez de León International Airport.

Antonio López Ojeda

Antonio López Ojeda (born May 18, 1989 in La Paz, Baja California Sur) is a Mexican footballer who plays for Potros UAEM in the Ascenso MX.

Cathedral of La Paz, Baja California Sur

The Our Lady of Peace Cathedral (Spanish: Catedral de Nuestra Señora de la Paz de Baja California Sur) Also La Paz Cathedral Is a Catholic temple that serves as the seat of the Diocese of La Paz. It is located in the center of the city of La Paz, Baja California Sur in western Mexico. It is located in the place where the mission was founded by the Jesuits in the eighteenth century.

The current temple was built in the second half of the 19th century, under the orders of Bishop Francisco Francisco Escalante y Moreno.

A sober neoclassical style on the outside, it has a simple façade and two towers, which resemble those of the North American temples.

The interior of the temple has beautiful baroque altarpieces from the 18th century, which come from other missions that were fortunate to be abandoned.

Diana Reyes

Diana Reyes (born November 18, 1979) is a Regional Mexican music singer.

Reyes was born in La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. She has released three gold records since 2004: La Reina del Pasito Duranguense, Las No. 1 de la Reina, and Te Voy a Mostrar. Reyes holds strong ties to her father's native state of Sinaloa and her mother's native Sonora.

Karen Higuera

Karen Alicia Higuera Contreras (born in La Paz, Baja California Sur on April 2, 1991) is a Mexican beauty pageant titleholder who obtained the 2011 Nuestra Belleza Internacional México title.From La Paz, Baja California Sur and student of Psychology, Karen Higuera won Nuestra Belleza Baja California Sur 2010 pageant and she won the right to represent her state in 2010 Nuestra Belleza México contest, held September 25, 2010 in Saltillo, Coahuila. The nineteen-year-old was designated as Nuestra Belleza Internacional México 2011 by Lupita Jones on February 15, 2011. She is the first delegate from her state to obtain a national title from the Nuestra Belleza México organization. Higuera competed in the 51st Miss International pageant, held November 6, 2011 in Chengdu, China where she won the title of Miss Friendship.

La Paz International Airport

Manuel Márquez de León International Airport (IATA: LAP, ICAO: MMLP) is an international airport located at La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico, near the Gulf of California. It handles national and international air traffic of the city of La Paz.

In 2017, the airport handled 837,162 passengers, and in 2018 it handled 916,599 passengers.

Ramiro Reducindo

Ramiro Goben Reducindo Radilla (born 10 February 1979) is a boxer from Mexico, who won the gold medal at the Pan American Games in Santo Domingo at light heavyweight by defeating Yoan Pablo Hernandez in the final.

Ricardo Barroso Agramont

Ricardo Barroso Agramont (born 29 February 1980) is a Mexican politician and lawyer affiliated with the PRI. He currently serves as Senator of the LXII Legislature of the Mexican Congress representing Baja California Sur. He was also candidate for Governor of Baja California Sur in 2011.

XEUBS-AM

XEUBS is a Mexican radio station that serves La Paz, Baja California Sur. It is owned by the Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur.

1180 AM is a United States clear-channel frequency, on which WHAM in Rochester, New York is the dominant Class A station.

XHBZC-TDT

XHBZC-TDT virtual channel 8, known on-air as Canal 8, is an educational and public television station owned and operated by the government of the State of Baja California Sur in La Paz. It is part of IERT, the Instituto Estatal de Radio y Televisión, and produces local programming including news and public affairs shows. It also airs programming from Canal Once.

XHELPZ-FM

XHELPZ-FM is a radio station on 92.7 FM in El Centenario, La Paz, Baja California Sur.

XHHZ-FM

XEHZ-AM/XHHZ-FM (990 AM/105.5 FM, "Radio HZ") is a Mexican radio station that serves the area around La Paz, Baja California Sur.

XHNT-FM

XHNT-FM is the callsign of a radio station in La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. XHNT broadcasts on 97.5 MHz and carries Radio Fórmula programming.

The station is also on AM as XENT-AM 790 kHz.

XHPAB-FM

XHPAB-FM is a Mexican radio station that serves the area around La Paz, Baja California Sur.

It formerly broadcast on 1080 kHz as XEPAB-AM.

XHPAL-FM

XHPAL-FM is a radio station in La Paz, Baja California Sur, broadcasting on the frequency of 95.9 MHz.

XHPAZ-FM

XHPAZ-FM is a radio station in La Paz, Baja California Sur.

XHPLPZ-FM

XHPLPZ-FM is a radio station on 91.1 FM in La Paz, Baja California Sur. It is owned by CPS Media and is known as Radiante FM.

XHW-FM

XHW-FM is a music radio station branded as Alegría Mexicana in La Paz, Baja California Sur. It is owned by the Raúl Arechiga Espinoza interests.

XHZPL-FM

XHZPL-FM is a radio station in La Paz, Baja California Sur.

Climate data for La Paz (1951–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.2
(95.4)
37.4
(99.3)
38.2
(100.8)
41.0
(105.8)
41.0
(105.8)
43.0
(109.4)
43.0
(109.4)
43.0
(109.4)
43.0
(109.4)
43.5
(110.3)
38.5
(101.3)
36.0
(96.8)
43.5
(110.3)
Average high °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
24.9
(76.8)
27.3
(81.1)
30.3
(86.5)
33.4
(92.1)
35.6
(96.1)
36.6
(97.9)
36.2
(97.2)
35.0
(95.0)
32.6
(90.7)
28.3
(82.9)
24.4
(75.9)
30.7
(87.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
18.1
(64.6)
19.7
(67.5)
22.1
(71.8)
24.5
(76.1)
27.1
(80.8)
29.7
(85.5)
30.2
(86.4)
29.3
(84.7)
26.2
(79.2)
22.0
(71.6)
18.6
(65.5)
23.7
(74.7)
Average low °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
11.3
(52.3)
12.1
(53.8)
13.9
(57.0)
15.7
(60.3)
18.6
(65.5)
22.9
(73.2)
24.1
(75.4)
23.5
(74.3)
19.9
(67.8)
15.7
(60.3)
12.8
(55.0)
16.8
(62.2)
Record low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
2.5
(36.5)
3.0
(37.4)
4.5
(40.1)
8.5
(47.3)
10.0
(50.0)
11.5
(52.7)
13.0
(55.4)
12.0
(53.6)
10.0
(50.0)
6.5
(43.7)
2.0
(35.6)
2.0
(35.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 14.2
(0.56)
5.3
(0.21)
2.3
(0.09)
0.8
(0.03)
0.9
(0.04)
1.3
(0.05)
14.5
(0.57)
37.2
(1.46)
58.4
(2.30)
12.1
(0.48)
7.4
(0.29)
14.8
(0.58)
169.2
(6.66)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.8 1.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 2.1 4.1 4.1 1.5 0.8 1.8 18.2
Average relative humidity (%) 66 60 58 55 55 54 58 61 63 63 64 66 60
Mean monthly sunshine hours 228 241 291 305 334 334 298 268 254 279 245 210 3,287
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (humidity 1981–2000)[10][11][12]
Source #2: Ogimet (sun 1981–2010)[13]
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