La France au travail

La France au Travail (France at Work) was a pro-German French newspaper which appeared from 30 June 1940 onwards funded by the German embassy in France. It was started as a propaganda initiative in the aftermath of the German occupation to influence left-leaning segments of French public opinion. The Director, Jean Drault, was a French anti-Semite while its editor, Georges Oltramare, was a pro-Nazi Swiss journalist who broadcast on French radio. The extent of German control is evident in that editorial meetings were held directly in the German embassy on the rue de Lille. In style and content, the newspaper mirrored the Communist newspaper L'Humanité except for virulent anti-Semitic and anti-Masonic positions. The newspaper was fairly successful with sales of 92,000 in the first weeks rising to 180,000 by August 1940. Exposure by the clandestine Communist press as well as mainstream French newspapers, however, ensured a steady, and then permanent, decline.

References

  • Pascal Ory, Les Collaborateurs, Paris, éd. du Seuil, "Points"-histoire, 1980.
  • Barbara Lambauer, Otto Abetz et les Français ou l'envers de la Collaboration, Paris, Éditions Fayard, 2001 (ISBN 978-2213610238).
Georges Oltramare

Georges Oltramare (born 17 April 1896 in Geneva – died 16 August 1960 in Geneva) was a Swiss author and fascist politician who became involved in collaboration in Nazi-occupied France.

Born into a leading Geneva family, he obtained a demi-licence in law at the University of Geneva in 1919. He became a noted author, winning the Foundation Schiller prize for his 1927 novel Don Juan ou la Solitude and also wrote for a number of right wing journals, specifically Le Pilori, which specialized in anti-Semitism. He began direct involvement in politics in 1931 when he set up the Ordre politique national, merging this with the Union de Défense économique to form the Union nationale the following year. This fascist movement, which represented the country's French population, gained little support, although Oltramare was invited to participate in the anti-communist Entente nationale genevoise with more conservative parties in 1936. He remained leader of the Union Nationale until 1940 when he left the country to settle in German-occupied France.Adopting the pseudonym Charles Dieudonné, Oltramare took up his pen in support of the Nazis, eventually becoming director of La France au Travail, a German-funded newspaper aimed at converting the country's trade unionists and former communists to the Nazi cause. Also writing for L'Appel and Revivre, as well as broadcasting on Radio Paris, Oltramare even survived an assassination attempt on the Champs-Élysées.He left France in August 1944 for Sigmaringen, eventually returning to Switzerland in April 1945. Arrested for compromising Switzerland's independence, he spent the next few years in and out detention before being freed in 1952. He went on to live in Spain and Egypt, where he briefly worked as a propagandist for the regime of Gamal Abdel Nasser, before returning to Switzerland where he was allowed to revive Le Pilori, which this time combined Poujadism with anti-Semitism. Notwithstanding a sentence of death that had been passed on him by a French court in 1950 Oltramare died of natural causes in Geneva.

List of defunct newspapers of France

This is a list of defunct newspapers of France.

L'Ami du peuple

L'Appel

Aujourd'hui

L'Aurore

La Citoyenne

Combat

Le Constitutionnel

L'Éclipse

L'Étoile du Déséret

La France

La France au travail

France-Soir

La Fronde

Le Gaulois

La Gazette

Le Globe

L'Illustration

L'Intransigeant

Je suis partout

Le Journal

Journal des débats

La Liberté

La Lune

La Marseillaise

Le Matin

Le Matin de Paris

La Nation française

Le National (Paris)

Paris-Soir

Le Pays de France

Le Père Duchesne (18th century)

Le Père Duchesne (19th century)

Le Petit Français illustré

Le Petit Journal

Le Petit Parisien

Au Pilori

Revue Hebdomadaire

Le Soleil

Le Temps

L'Univers

Le Vieux Cordelier

La Voix des Femmes

Die Zukunft

Robert Courtine

Robert Julien Courtine (16 May 1910 – 14 April 1998) was a French food writer who also wrote under the pen names "La Reynière" and "Savarin".

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