LaFerrari

LaFerrari, project name F150 (also unofficially referred to as the Ferrari LaFerrari or Ferrari F150)[4] is a limited production hybrid sports car built by Italian automotive manufacturer Ferrari.[5] LaFerrari means "The Ferrari" in Italian and some other Romance languages, in the sense that it is the "definitive" Ferrari.

LaFerrari
LaFerrari in Beverly Hills (14563979888)
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari N.V.
Production
  • June 2013 – January 2016 (coupé, 500+ examples)
  • October 2016 – August 2018 (Aperta, 210 examples)
Model years2013–2016 (coupé)
2016–2018 (Aperta)
DesignerCentro Stile Ferrari under Flavio Manzoni[1]
Body and chassis
ClassSports car (S)
Body style2-door coupé
2-door roadster (Aperta)
LayoutRear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
RelatedFerrari FXX-K
Powertrain
Engine6.3 L F140FE V12
Electric motor1 electric motor and KERS
Power output708 kW (963 PS; 949 hp)
Transmission7-speed dual-clutch automated manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,650 mm (104.3 in)[2]
Length4,702 mm (185.1 in)[2]
Width1,992 mm (78.4 in)[2]
Height1,116 mm (43.9 in)[2]
Kerb weight1,585 kg (3,495 lb)[3]
Chronology
PredecessorEnzo Ferrari

Development

LaFerrari Concept Manta and LaFerrari Concept Tensostruttura were unveiled at the Ferrari Museum in Maranello and the Ferrari World. They were two of the nine conceptual design studies manufactured for the development of the V12 hybrid flagship.[6]

Variants

LaFerrari (2013–2016)

Ferrari LaFerrari rear
LaFerrari (rear 3/4 view)

LaFerrari is based on findings from testing of the FXX development prototype[5] and on research being conducted by the Millechili Project at the University of Modena. Association with the Millechili Project led to speculation during development that the car would weigh under 1,000 kg (2,205 lb),[7] but a dry weight of around 1,255 kg (2,767 lb) was claimed.[8] Only 499 units were produced, and each cost more than 1 million US dollars.

The car was unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Auto Show,[9][10] followed by Auto Shanghai 2013,[11][12] 2013 Tour Auto Optic 2000,[13][14] 2013 Supercar Chronicle,[15][16] Italian Chamber of Commerce in Japan.[17]

LaFerrari Aperta (2016–2018)

Ferrari LaFerrari Aperta (29989480538)
LaFerrari Aperta

LaFerrari Aperta is the open-top version of LaFerrari. Initially, 200 cars were sold with an additional nine reserved for use during the Ferrari 70th Anniversary celebrations.[18] One more unit was later sold by auction.[19] The Aperta comes with a removable carbon fibre hard top and a removable canvas soft top. Other changes include more efficient powertrain's control electronics, re-angled radiators to direct air flow out along the underbody rather than over the bonnet, a longer front air dam to help increase downforce, an L-shaped flap on the upper corner of each windscreen pillar to reduce compression on the rear of the cabin in the absence of a roof, different door opening angles with different wheel arches and a new carbon fibre insert allowing the doors to rotate.[20]

The car was unveiled at the 2016 Paris Auto Show. Like past open-top Ferrari models, it uses the Aperta label to denote its removable roof. According to Ferrari, all units were already pre-sold to customers via invitation.[21][22][23]

Specifications

Geneva MotorShow 2013 - Ferrari LaFerrari engine
Engine compartment

LaFerrari is the first mild hybrid produced by the Italian automotive marque, providing the highest power output of any Ferrari road car whilst decreasing fuel consumption by 40 percent.[24] LaFerrari's internal combustion petrol powerplant is a longitudinally rear mid-mounted Ferrari F140 direct fuel injected 65° V12 engine with a displacement of 6,262 cc (6.3 L) generating a maximum power output of 800 PS (588 kW; 789 hp) at 9,000 rpm and 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) of torque at 6,750 rpm,[25][2] supplemented by a 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) KERS unit (called HY-KERS), which provides short bursts of extra power.[26] The KERS system adds extra power to the combustion engine's power output level for a total of 963 PS (708 kW; 950 hp) and a combined torque of 900 N⋅m (664 lb⋅ft).[2][27] Ferrari claims CO2 emissions of 330 g/km. The engine's bore X stroke is 94 mm × 75.2 mm (3.70 in × 2.96 in) with a compression ratio of 13.5:1 and a specific power output of 94 kW (128 PS) per litre.[2] It is mated to a 7-speed dual-clutch transmission.[2]

Equipment

Geneva MotorShow 2013 - Ferrari LaFerrari rear wheel
The 5-spoke alloy wheels of LaFerrari, showing the carbon-ceramic braking system

The car is equipped with carbon-ceramic Brembo brake discs at the front (398 mm) and rear (380 mm),[28] The car is equipped with Pirelli P Zero Corsa tyres measuring 265/30 R 19 (front) and 345/30 R 20 (rear) respectively.[29]

The car uses a carbon fibre monocoque structure designed by Ferrari's F1 technical director Rory Byrne, with a claimed 27 percent more torsional rigidity and 22 percent more beam stiffness than its predecessor.[30] It has a double wishbone suspension in the front and a multi-link suspension in the rear.[2]

LaFerrari has a number of electronic controls including an electronic stability control, high performance ABS/EBD (anti-lock braking system/electronic brake distribution), EF1-Trac F1 electronic traction control integrated with the hybrid system, E-Diff 3 third generation electronic differential, SCM-E Frs magnetorheological damping with twin solenoids (Al-Ni tube), and active aerodynamics, which are controlled by 21 of LaFerrari's onboard computers, to enable maximum performance.[2] The body computer system is developed by Magneti Marelli Automotive Lighting.

Performance

Ferrari states that the car has a top speed exceeding 349 km/h (217 mph), similar to the Enzo's top speed, however, it is capable of accelerating from a standstill to 100 km/h (62 mph) in under 2.4 seconds, 0–200 km/h (0–124 mph) in under 7 seconds, and 0–300 km/h (0–186 mph) in 15 seconds.[2] Ferrari also claims that the car has lapped its Fiorano Test Circuit in 1:19.70 which is faster than any other road-legal car Ferrari has ever produced.[31]

Design

LaFerrari at Goodwood 2014 005
Wing mirror of LaFerrari mounted on carbon fiber stalk

The design of the V12 flagship received no input from Pininfarina, making it the first Ferrari since the Bertone-styled 1973 Dino 308 GT4 not to have Pininfarina bodywork or other styling. This decision is a rare exception to the collaboration between Ferrari and Pininfarina that began in 1951. However, Ferrari has stated that there are no plans to end business relations with Pininfarina.[32]

LaFerrari front
Front view of LaFerrari

The cockpit stands out for its essentiality and the sportiness of the shapes, intended to convey the high level of performance of the car. The steering wheel has integrated controls and gear levers directly fixed to the steering column, a solution that allows better use in all conditions. The "bridge" which exists between the two seats, designed like a suspended wing, is home to other instruments linked to the dual-clutch gearbox. The instrumentation consists of a 12.3-inch (310 mm) TFT display with the option to choose between two layouts and can host data from the telemetry system.

Recall

LaFerrari coupés were offered a replacement fuel tank due to the possible incorrect adhesion of a layer of paint on the fuel tank leading to possible fire.[33]

85 LaFerrari coupés between 2014 and 2015 model years were recalled due to headrests from Lear's L32 seat failing to absorb the required amount of energy, and the tyre-pressure monitoring system displaying the wrong message when a tyre suffered a puncture.[34]

Auction history

The production of the 500th LaFerrari coupé was announced on 31 August 2016. The vehicle was to be sold at auction to benefit the people of central Italy affected by the August 2016 Central Italy earthquake on 24 August 2016.[35] Ultimately, it was put up for auction on 3 December 2016, by RM Sotheby's at the Ferrari Finali Mondiali weekend at Daytona International Speedway. All proceeds went to the National Italian American Foundation’s Earthquake Relief Fund.[36] Sales proceeds amounted to US$7.5 million.[37]

On 3 December 2016, a LaFerrari was auctioned off for US$7 million (GB£5,743,500.00) making this car "the most valuable 21st century automobile ever sold at auction" according to the automotive press.[38] In 2017, the last unit of LaFerrari Aperta was auctioned for US$10 million.[39]

Marketing

Hublot Manufacture produced 60 MP-05 "LaFerrari" hand-wound Tourbillon wristwatches inspired by LaFerrari coupé.[40][41] The watch has 50 days of power reserve due to the usage of 11 barrels. The more barrels it has, the more it can lengthen the power reserve, but the barrels are usually used to increase precision.[42]

References

  1. ^ "Ferrari's LaFerrari Unveiled in Geneva as Alpha Supercar". Automoblog.net. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Technical specifications". Ferrari. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  3. ^ Lago, Carlos (20 April 2015). "First Test: Ferrari LaFerrari".
  4. ^ "LaFerrari's unseen concepts: Project F150 by Ferrari". designboom.com. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  5. ^ a b Jack Rix (25 November 2009). "Ferrari F70 blasts in – 25th November 2009". Auto Express. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  6. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon. "These are two Ferrari design studies that led to LaFerrari". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  7. ^ Iancu, Madalina (20 February 2009). "Ferrari Inaugurates 'Mille Chili' Laboratory". autoevolution. Retrieved 20 December 2009.
  8. ^ Cropley, Steve (5 March 2013). "Geneva motor show 2013: LaFerrari vs McLaren P1 – full performance figures". Autocar. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  9. ^ Ross, Jeffrey N. "Ferrari LaFerrari is so nice, we say it twice [w/poll]". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  10. ^ "The LaFerrari unveiled at Geneva". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  11. ^ "LaFerrari supercar takes Auto Shanghai 2013 by storm [video] - Torque News". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  12. ^ "LaFerrari takes China by storm". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  13. ^ "LaFerrari is queen of France - Ferrari GT - en-EN". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  14. ^ "LaFerrari Premiered In France - HybridCars.com". 24 April 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  15. ^ "LaFerrari Celebrates Its Japanese Debut - Motorward". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  16. ^ "Japanese debut for LaFerrari". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  17. ^ "The 150th anniversary of the relationship between Italy and Japan". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  18. ^ Woodard, Collin (29 September 2016). "Topless LaFerrari is Unbelievably..." Road & Track. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  19. ^ Vaughn, Mark (9 September 2017). "LaFerrari Aperta hammers for 10 million bucks!". Autoweek. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  20. ^ "LaFerrari Aperta at Paris 2016: details and pictures of the open-top LaFerrari". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  21. ^ Stocksdale, Joel (7 July 2016). "LaFerrari Spider might actually use Aperta name". Autoblog. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  22. ^ "The LaFerrari Aperta arrives". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  23. ^ Migliore, Greg. "Ferrari revealed the LaFerrari Aperta, and yeah, it's already sold out". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  24. ^ Ebhardt, Tommaso (24 May 2012). "Ferrari's F70, an Eco-Friendly Supercar". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  25. ^ "Ferrari's LaFerrari Unveiled in Geneva as Alpha Supercar". Automoblog.net. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
  26. ^ "Ferrari F70 expected to use 6.5 litre V12". AUSmotive.com. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  27. ^ Howard, Bill. "Ferrari's new 'mild hybrid' LaFerrari supercar produces 936hp". Extreme Tech. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  28. ^ "La Ferrari Technical Data and Specifications". Ultimatespecs. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
  29. ^ "La Ferrari Technical Data and Specifications". Motor Trend. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  30. ^ Vijayenthiran, Viknesh (5 March 2013). "Ferrari's New Flagship Is The 'La Ferrari' Supercar". Washington Post. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  31. ^ "LaFerrari". Motor Trend. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  32. ^ Vijayenthiran, Viknesh. "LaFerrari Is First Ferrari Designed Completely In-House". Motor Authority. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  33. ^ Joseph, Noah. "Ferrari replacing fuel tanks on limited number of LaFerraris". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  34. ^ Joseph, Noah. "Ferrari recalling 85 LaFerraris under two separate campaigns [UPDATE]". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  35. ^ "The 500th LaFerrari to be built". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  36. ^ Ferrari is auctioning the last new LaFerrari for charity -- To help rebuild central Italy after a devastating earthquake, Jordan Golson, The Verge, 29 November 2016
  37. ^ Mate, Betrank (5 December 2016). "The 500th LaFerrari Sold For $7 Million". Road & Track. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  38. ^ Savov, Vlad (5 December 2016). "$7 million LaFerrari becomes this century's most expensive car sold at auction". The Verge. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  39. ^ "RM Sotheby's - 2017 Ferrari LaFerrari Aperta | Ferrari – Leggenda e Passione 2017". Rmsothebys.com. 5 October 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  40. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon. "Amazing LaFerrari tribute watch more intricate than the real thing [w/video]". Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  41. ^ "Hublot MP-35 LAFERRARI - Ferrari watches - Titanium watches". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  42. ^ "Power Reserve Battle Royale: Who wants a longer power reserve? - Revolution". Revolution. 16 February 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2018.

External links

2016 Paris Motor Show

The 2016 Paris Motor Show took place from 1 October to 16 October.

F150 (disambiguation)

F150 or variation, may refer to:

Ford F-150 pickup truck

Ferrari 150° Italia (aka Ferrari F150) 2011 Formula 1 racecar

Ferrari LaFerrari (model F150) 2013-2018 supercar

Reims F150, license production variation of the Cessna 150 light airplane

Farman F.150, twin-engined biplane bomber warplane

HMAS Anzac (F150), lead ship of the Royal Australian Navy Anzac-class frigate warship

SAS President Kruger (F150), South African Navy frigate warship

Ferrari

Ferrari (; Italian: [ferˈraːri]) is an Italian luxury sports car manufacturer based in Maranello. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1939 out of Alfa Romeo's race division as Auto Avio Costruzioni, the company built its first car in 1940. However, the company's inception as an auto manufacturer is usually recognized in 1947, when the first Ferrari-badged car was completed.

In 2014 Ferrari was rated the world's most powerful brand by Brand Finance. In June 2018, the 1964 250 GTO became the most expensive car in history, setting an all-time record selling price of $70 million.Fiat S.p.A. acquired 50% of Ferrari in 1969 and expanded its stake to 90% in 1988. In October 2014 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. (FCA) announced its intentions to separate Ferrari S.p.A. from FCA; as of the announcement FCA owned 90% of Ferrari.

The separation began in October 2015 with a restructuring that established Ferrari N.V. (a company incorporated in the Netherlands) as the new holding company of the Ferrari group and the subsequent sale by FCA of 10% of the shares in an IPO and concurrent listing of common shares on the New York Stock Exchange. Through the remaining steps of the separation, FCA's interest in Ferrari's business was distributed to shareholders of FCA, with 10% continuing to be owned by Piero Ferrari. The spin-off was completed on 3 January 2016.Throughout its history, the company has been noted for its continued participation in racing, especially in Formula One, where it is the oldest and most successful racing team, holding the most constructors championships (16) and having produced the highest number of drivers' championship wins (15). Ferrari road cars are generally seen as a symbol of speed, luxury and wealth.

Ferrari 812 Superfast

The Ferrari 812 Superfast (Type F152M) is a front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive grand tourer produced by Italian sports car manufacturer Ferrari that made its debut at the 2017 Geneva Motor Show. The 812 Superfast is the successor to the F12berlinetta.

Ferrari F12

The Ferrari F12berlinetta (also unofficially referred to as the F12 Berlinetta or the F12, and unofficially stylized as the F12B for short)(Type F152) is a front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive grand tourer produced by Italian automobile manufacturer Ferrari. The F12berlinetta debuted at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show, and replaces the 599 grand tourer. The naturally aspirated 6.3 litre Ferrari V12 engine used in the F12berlinetta has won the 2013 International Engine of the Year Award in the Best Performance category and Best Engine above 4.0 litres. The F12berlinetta was named "The Supercar of the Year 2012" by car magazine Top Gear. The F12berlinetta was replaced by the 812 Superfast in 2017.

In 2014, the F12berlinetta was awarded the XXIII Premio Compasso d'oro ADI. Accepting the award was Ferrari’s Senior Vice President of Design, Flavio Manzoni.

Ferrari FXX-K

The Ferrari FXX K is a high performance limited production track day car manufactured by automobile manufacturer Ferrari in Maranello, Italy. Designed by Marco Fainello, Flavio Manzoni and architect Evan Rodriguez at Centro Stile Ferrari, the FXX K is based on the street-legal LaFerrari. It succeeds Ferrari's previous developmental track day offerings, the FXX and the 599XX.

Ferrari Testarossa

The Ferrari Testarossa (Type F110) is a 12-cylinder mid-engine sports car manufactured by Ferrari, which went into production in 1984 as the successor to the Ferrari Berlinetta Boxer. The Pininfarina-designed car was originally produced from 1984 to 1991, with two model revisions following the end of Testarossa production called the 512 TR and F512 M, which were produced from 1992 to 1996. Including revised variations, almost 10,000 cars in total were produced, making it one of the most mass-produced Ferrari models.The Testarossa is a two-door coupé that premiered at the 1984 Paris Auto Show. All versions of the Testarossa were available with a rear-mounted, five-speed manual transmission. The rear mid-engine design (engine between the axles but behind the cabin) keeps the centre of gravity in the middle of the car, which increases stability and improves the car's cornering ability, and thus results in a standing weight distribution of 40% front: 60% rear. The original Testarossa was re-engineered for the 1992 model year and was introduced as the 512 TR (TR meaning TestaRossa), at the Los Angeles Auto Show, effectively as a completely new car, and an improved weight distribution of 41% front, 59% rear. Another new variant called the F512 M was introduced at the 1994 Paris Auto Show. The car dropped the TR initials and added the M which in Italian stood for modificata, or translated to modified, and was the final version of the Testarossa, which continued its predecessor's weight distribution improvement of 42% front, 58% rear. The F512 M was Ferrari's last mid-engine 12-cylinder car (apart from the flagship F50, Enzo and LaFerrari models), and it featured the company's last flat-12 engine. The Testarossa was replaced in 1996 by the front-engine 550 Maranello grand tourer.

Flavio Manzoni

Flavio Manzoni (born 7 January 1965 in Nuoro, Sardinia) is an Italian architect and automobile designer. He is the Senior Vice President of Design at Ferrari.

JamesEdition

JamesEdition (JE) is a global online luxury marketplace with headquarters in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The website has 15 different categories. These are: real estate, cars, jewellery, jets, helicopters, watches, yachts, extraordinaire, motorcycles, lifestyle & collectibles, residential developments, experiences, yachts and vacation rentals.

Sellers can post their offers to JamesEdition and will be published after editorial review. It is an elite form of a Classified advertising portal. The strict curation of all listings have resulted in several media coverages. Some listings have been posted to Top Gear and The Guardian websites.

It has been referred to by some as Craigslist for the rich or even "Craigslist for billionaires".

The advertised goods are so rare that the website has received regular coverage by other websites, print magazines and TV stations.

Jay Kay

Jay Kay (born Jason Luís Cheetham; 30 December 1969) is an English singer-songwriter. He rose to international fame as a founding member and lead vocalist of the jazz-funk band Jamiroquai.

Lego Speed Champions

LEGO Speed Champions is a auto racing-inspired theme of Lego building kits first released in 2015. The series featured Ferrari, McLaren, and Porsche models in its initial release. The theme later added Audi, Chevrolet, Ford, Mercedes-Benz and Bugatti. It is the third most popular LEGO line, behind City and Star Wars.

The theme was initially created by Automotive Designer Craig Callum during his time at LEGO.

In 2015 the theme started with the three iconic hyper cars of the time, the Ferrari Laferrari, McLaren P1 and the Porsche 918 Spyder. It also included Formula 1 cars from McLaren and Ferrari and Porsche 911 GT3 race cars.

2016 saw the introduction of Muscle cars, with the Ford Mustang, Chevrolet Corvette and Camaro. It also included a Ford Model A Hotrod and F-150 Raptor, as well as LMP race cars from Audi and Porsche.

For 2017 Speed Champions returned to Formula 1 cars from Ferrari and the championship-winning Mercedes AMG Petronas team. The McLaren 720S was included featuring a designer with a likeness to the Designer of the real car.

In 2018 the theme returned with five new sets featuring Ferrari and Porsche Race cars, including the Nurburgring Lap Record holding car, the Porsche 919 Hybrid. The line also included more classic vehicles such as a 1967 Ford Mustang. The largest set for this year included Ferrari race-cars, and also the Ferrari 250 GTO famously owned by Nick Mason of Pink Floyd, who is often seen racing his car at Goodwood Festival of Speed.

The most popular car featured was the McLaren P1, released in 2015.

The theme aims to take standard LEGO elements and create built versions of iconic and exotic racing cars and supercars. These are built with a "6-wide" format not previously used in LEGO for cars differentiating them from other lines like LEGO CITY by adding more detail to the cars.

It was announced at E3 2019 that Lego and Playground Games have partnered together to add a new expansion pack to Forza Horizon 4 featuring several cars from the line and a new location made out of Lego bricks. The expansion pack was released on June 13, 2019.

List of Ferrari road cars

The following is a list of road cars manufactured by Italian sports car manufacturer dating back to the 1950s Ferrari.

List of fastest production cars by acceleration

This list is limited to unmodified production cars which meet the eligibility criteria below. All entries must be able to be verified from reliable sources.

McLaren P1

The McLaren P1 is a limited-production plug-in hybrid sports car produced by British automobile manufacturer McLaren Automotive. Debuted at the 2012 Paris Motor Show, sales of the P1 began in the UK in October 2013 and all 375 units were sold out by November. Production ended in early December 2015. The United States accounted for 34% of the units and Europe for 26%.It is considered by the automotive press to be the successor to the F1, utilising hybrid power and Formula 1 technology, but does not have the same three-seat layout. It was later confirmed that the Speedtail served as the actual successor to the F1. Like the F1, the P1 has a mid-engine, rear wheel drive design that used a carbon fibre monocoque and roof structure safety cage concept called MonoCage, which is a development of the MonoCell first used in the MP4-12C and then in subsequent models. Its main competitors were the LaFerrari and the Porsche 918. They are all similar in specifications and performance, and in a race around Silverstone circuit they were all within half a second of each other, the P1 finishing first at 58.24 seconds and the LaFerrari finishing last at 58.58 seconds; the 918 was in-between with 58.46 seconds.58 units of the track oriented P1 GTR and 5 units of its road legal counterpart, the P1 LM were produced after the initial run of 375 cars.

13 eXperimental Prototype 'XP', 5 Validation Prototypes 'VP' and 3 Pre-Production 'PP' cars were produced by McLaren before the production of the P1 started, a number of which have been refurbished, modified and sold to customers.

Nolder

In automotive design, a nolder is a small aerodynamic shape (a strip, wing, protrusion, lip or profile) integral to bodywork or to an aerodynamic attachment – e.g., a spoiler, diffuser or splitter – perpendicular to the direction of air flow travel for the purpose of further managing and refining air flow.

Nolders are used in both high-performance as well as in less critical aerodynamic applications.

Preston Henn

Preston B. Henn (January 20, 1931 – April 30, 2017) was an American entrepreneur who founded the Fort Lauderdale Swap Shop in 1963.

Supercar

A supercar — also called exotic car — is a loosely defined description of certain high-performance street-legal sportscars. Since the 1990s or 2000s, the term hypercar has come into use for the highest performing supercars.

In the United States, muscle cars were often referred to as "Supercars" during the 1960s.

Top Gear Italia

Top Gear Italia is an Italian motoring show, which was first broadcast on 22 March 2016 on Sky Uno. It is an international version of the British BBC Two motoring show, Top Gear. This version of the show is presented by Davide Valsecchi, Guido Meda and Joe Bastianich. It also features the Italian version of "The Stig".

Cars
Engines
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« previous — Ferrari road car timeline, 2000–present
Type 2000s 2010s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
V8 Rear mid-engine
sports car
360 458 F8 Tributo
Challenge Stradale 430 Scuderia 458 Speciale 488 Pista
F430 488
Convertible California California T Portofino
2+2 grand tourer GTC4Lusso T
V12 Grand tourer 550 Maranello 575M Maranello 599 GTB Fiorano F12berlinetta 812 Superfast
550 Barchetta Superamerica 599 SA Aperta/599 GTO F60 America/F12tdf
2+2 grand tourer 456M 612 Scaglietti FF GTC4Lusso
Supercar Enzo LaFerrari LaFerrari Aperta
XX Programmes FXX 599XX 599XX Evoluzione FXX K FXX K Evo
Ferrari Icona Monza SP

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