L. S. Lowry

Laurence Stephen Lowry RBA RA (LAO-ree; 1 November 1887 – 23 February 1976) was an English artist. Many of his drawings and paintings depict Pendlebury, Lancashire, where he lived and worked for more than 40 years, and also Salford and its surrounding areas.

Lowry is famous for painting scenes of life in the industrial districts of North West England in the mid-20th century. He developed a distinctive style of painting and is best known for his urban landscapes peopled with human figures often referred to as "matchstick men". He painted mysterious unpopulated landscapes, brooding portraits and the unpublished "marionette" works, which were only found after his death.

Due to his use of stylized figures and the lack of weather effects in many of his landscapes he is sometimes characterized as a naïve[1] "Sunday painter", although this is not the view of the galleries that have organised retrospectives of his works.[2][3][4][5]

A large collection of Lowry's work is on permanent public display in The Lowry, a purpose-built art gallery on Salford Quays, named in his honour. Lowry rejected five honours during his life, including a knighthood in 1968, and consequently holds the record for the most rejected British honours.[6] On 26 June 2013 a major retrospective opened at the Tate Britain in London, his first at the Tate, and in 2014 his first solo exhibition outside the UK was held in Nanjing, China.

Laurence Stephen Lowry

L.S. Lowry
Lowry at work
Born
Laurence Stephen Lowry

1 November 1887
Died23 February 1976 (aged 88)
EducationManchester Municipal College
Salford Technical College
Known forPainting
Notable work
  • Going to the Match (1928)
  • Coming from the Mill (1930)
  • Industrial Landscape (1955)
  • Portrait of Ann (1957)
Awards

Early life

117 Station Road, Pendlebury
Lowry's former home, 117 Station Road, Pendlebury

Lowry was born on 1 November 1887 at 8 Barrett Street Stretford, which was then in Lancashire.[7] It was a difficult birth, and his mother Elizabeth, who hoped for a girl, was uncomfortable even looking at him at first. Later she expressed envy of her sister Mary, who had "three splendid daughters" instead of one "clumsy boy". Lowry's father Robert, who was of northern Irish descent,[8] worked as a clerk for the Jacob Earnshaw and Son Property Company and was a withdrawn and introverted man. Lowry once described him as "a cold fish" and "(the sort of man who) realised he had a life to live and did his best to get through it."[9]

After Lowry's birth, his mother's health was too poor for her to continue teaching. She is reported to have been talented and respected, with aspirations of becoming a concert pianist. She was an irritable, nervous woman brought up to expect high standards by her stern father. Like him, she was controlling and intolerant of failure. She used illness as a means of securing the attention and obedience of her mild and affectionate husband and she dominated her son in the same way. Lowry maintained that he had an unhappy childhood, growing up in a repressive family atmosphere. Although his mother demonstrated no appreciation of her son's gifts as an artist, a number of books Lowry received as Christmas presents from his parents are inscribed to "Our dearest Laurie". At school he made few friends and showed no academic aptitude. His father was affectionate towards him but was, by all accounts, a quiet man who was at his most comfortable fading into the background as an unobtrusive presence.[10][11]

Much of Lowry's early years were spent in the leafy Manchester suburb of Victoria Park, Rusholme, but in 1909, when he was 22, due to financial pressures, the family moved to 117 Station Road in the industrial town of Pendlebury.[12] Here the landscape comprised textile mills and factory chimneys rather than trees. Lowry later recalled: "At first I detested it, and then, after years I got pretty interested in it, then obsessed by it ... One day I missed a train from Pendlebury – [a place] I had ignored for seven years – and as I left the station I saw the Acme Spinning Company's mill ... The huge black framework of rows of yellow-lit windows standing up against the sad, damp charged afternoon sky. The mill was turning out ... I watched this scene — which I'd looked at many times without seeing — with rapture ..."[13]

Education

Peel Building University of Salford
The Peel Building, where Lowry studied at the Royal Technical College, Salford. It overlooks Peel Park, the subject of a number of his paintings. His pencil drawing "A View from the window of the Royal Technical College, Salford" (1924) was drawn from the balconied window on the upper floor.[14]

After leaving school, Lowry began a career working for the Pall Mall Company, later collecting rents. He would spend some time in his lunch hour at Buile Hill Park[15] and in the evenings took private art lessons in antique and freehand drawing. In 1905, he secured a place at the Manchester School of Art, where he studied under the French Impressionist, Pierre Adolphe Valette.[16] Lowry was full of praise for Valette as a teacher, remarking "I cannot over-estimate the effect on me of the coming into this drab city of Adolphe Valette, full of French impressionists, aware of everything that was going on in Paris".[17] In 1915 he moved on to the Royal Technical Institute, Salford (later to become the Royal Technical College, Salford   now the University of Salford) where his studies continued until 1925. There he developed an interest in industrial landscapes and began to establish his own style.[18]

Lowry's oil paintings were originally impressionistic and dark in tone but D. B. Taylor of the Manchester Guardian took an interest in his work and encouraged him to move away from the sombre palette he was using. Taking this advice on board, Lowry began to use a white background to lighten the pictures.[8] He developed a distinctive style of painting and is best known for his urban landscapes peopled with human figures, often referred to as "matchstick men". He also painted mysterious unpopulated landscapes, brooding portraits and the unpublished "marionette" works, which were only found after his death.[19]

Death of his parents

His father died in 1932, leaving debts. His mother, subject to neurosis and depression, became bedridden and dependent on her son for care. Lowry painted after his mother had fallen asleep, between 10pm and 2am, or, depending how tired he was, he might stay up for another hour adding features. Many paintings produced during this period were damning self-portraits (often referred to as the "Horrible Heads" series), which demonstrate the influence of expressionism and may have been inspired by an exhibition of Vincent van Gogh's work at Manchester Art Gallery in 1931. He expressed regret that he received little recognition as an artist until the year his mother died and that she was not able to enjoy his success. From the mid-1930s until at least 1939, Lowry took annual holidays at Berwick-upon-Tweed. After the outbreak of war Lowry served as a volunteer fire watcher and became an official war artist in 1943. In 1953, he was appointed Official Artist at the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.[20] After his mother's death in October 1939, he became depressed and over time, neglected the upkeep of his house to such a degree that the landlord repossessed it in 1948. He was not short of money and bought "The Elms" in Mottram in Longdendale then in Cheshire. The area was much more rural but Lowry professed to dislike both the house and the area:[21]

They're nice folk, I've nothing against them, it's the place never could take to it. I can't explain it. I've often wondered...It does nothing for me. I know there's plenty to paint here but I haven't the slightest desire to work locally. I've done one painting of the local agricultural show. Was commissioned to paint the parish church but had to give it up, I couldn't do it.[21]

Although he considered the house ugly and uncomfortable, it was spacious enough to both set up his studio in the dining room, and to accommodate the collection of china and clocks that he had inherited from his mother; he stayed there until his death almost 30 years later.[22][23]

Personal life

In later years, Lowry spent holidays at the Seaburn Hotel in Sunderland, County Durham, painting scenes of the beach and nearby ports and coal mines.[18] When he had no sketchbook, Lowry drew scenes in pencil or charcoal on the back of envelopes, serviettes and cloakroom tickets and presented them to young people sitting with their families. Such serendipitous pieces are now worth thousands of pounds; a serviette sketch can be seen at the Sunderland Marriott Hotel (formerly the Seaburn Hotel).[24]

He was a secretive and mischievous man who enjoyed stories irrespective of their truth.[25] His friends observed that his anecdotes were more notable for humour than accuracy and in many cases he set out deliberately to deceive. His stories about the fictional Ann were inconsistent and he invented other people as frameworks on which to hang his tales. The collection of clocks in his living room were all set at different times: to some people he said that this was because he did not want to know the real time; to others he claimed that it was to save him from being deafened by their simultaneous chimes.[24] The owner of an art gallery in Manchester who visited him at his home, The Elms, noted that while his armchair was sagging and the carpet frayed, Lowry was surrounded by items such as his beloved Rossetti drawing, Proserpine, as well as a Lucian Freud drawing located between two Tompion clocks.[26]

Lowry had many long-lasting friendships, including the Salford artist Harold Riley, and made new friends throughout his adult life. He bought works from young artists he admired, such as James Lawrence Isherwood, whose Woman with Black Cat hung on his studio wall.[27] He maintained ongoing friendships with some of these artists. He befriended the 23-year-old Cumberland artist Sheila Fell in November 1955, describing her as "the finest landscape artist of the mid-20th century".[28] He supported her career by buying several pictures that he gave to museums. Fell later described him as "A great humanist. To be a humanist, one has first to love human beings, and to be a great humanist, one has to be slightly detached from them." As he never married this affected his influence, but he did have several lady friends. At the age of 88 he said that he had "never had a woman".[29]

Although seen as a mostly solitary and private person, Lowry enjoyed attending football matches and was an ardent supporter of Manchester City.[30] [31]

Retirement

Lowry retired from the Pall Mall Property Company in 1952 on his 65th birthday.[32] In 1957 an unrelated 13-year-old schoolgirl called Carol Ann Lowry wrote to him at her mother's urging to ask his advice on becoming an artist. He visited her home in Heywood and befriended the family. His friendship with Carol Ann Lowry lasted for the rest of his life.[33][34] BBC Radio 4 broadcast in 2001 a dramatisation by Glyn Hughes of Lowry's relationship with Carol Ann.[35]

In the 1960s Lowry shared exhibitions in Salford with Warrington-born artist Reginald Waywell D.F.A.[36]

Lowry joked about retiring from the art world, citing his lack of interest in the changing landscape. Instead, he began to focus on groups of figures and odd imaginary characters. Unknown to his friends and the public, Lowry produced a series of erotic works that were not seen until after his death. The paintings depict the mysterious "Ann" figure, who appears in portraits and sketches produced throughout his lifetime, enduring sexually charged and humiliating tortures. When these works were exhibited at the Art Council's Centenary exhibition at the Barbican in 1988, art critic Richard Dorment wrote in The Daily Telegraph that these works "reveal a sexual anxiety which is never so much as hinted at in the work of the previous 60 years." The group of erotic works, which are sometimes referred to as "the mannequin sketches" or "marionette works", are kept at the Lowry Centre and are available for visitors to see on request. Some are also brought up into the public display area on a rotation system. Manchester author Howard Jacobson has argued that the images are just part of Lowry's melancholy and tortured view of the world and that they would change the public perception of the complexity of his work if they were more widely seen.[37][38]

Death and legacy

LowryCentre
Entrance to the Lowry Centre on Salford Quays

Lowry died of pneumonia at the Woods Hospital in Glossop, Derbyshire, on 23 February 1976, aged 88. He was buried in the Southern Cemetery in Manchester, next to his parents. He left an estate valued at £298,459, and a considerable number of artworks by himself and others to Carol Ann Lowry, who, in 2001, obtained trademark protection of the artist's signature.[39]

Lowry left a cultural legacy, his works often sold for millions of pounds and inspired other artists. The Lowry art gallery in Salford Quays was opened in 2000 at a cost of £106 million; named after him, the 2,000-square-metre (22,000 sq ft) gallery houses 55 of his paintings and 278 drawings – the world's largest collection of his work – with up to 100 on display.[40] In January 2005, a statue of him was unveiled in Mottram in Longdendale[41] 100 yards away from his home from 1948 until his death in 1976. The statue has been a target for vandals since it was unveiled.[42] In 2006 the Lowry Centre in Salford hosted a contemporary dance performance inspired by the works of Lowry.[43]

To mark the centenary of his birth in 1987, Royston Futter, director of the L. S. Lowry Centenary Festival, on behalf of the City of Salford and the BBC commissioned the Northern Ballet Theatre and Gillian Lynne to create a dance drama in his honour. A Simple Man was choreographed and directed by Lynne, with music by Carl Davis and starred Christopher Gable and Moira Shearer (in her last dance role). It was broadcast on BBC, for which it won a BAFTA award as the best arts programme in 1988, and also performed live on stage in November 1987.[44][45] Further performances were held in London at Sadler's Wells in 1988,[46] and again in 2009.[47]

In February 2011 a bronze statue of Lowry was installed in the basement of his favourite pub, Sam's Chop House.[48]

On 26 June 2013 a retrospective opened at the Tate Britain in London, his first there, scheduled to run until 20 October.[49][50] In 2014 his first solo exhibition outside the UK was held in Nanjing, China.[51]

Awards and honours

L.S. Lowry 01
L. S. Lowry memorial at Mottram in Longdendale

Lowry was awarded an honorary Master of Arts degree by the University of Manchester in 1945, and Doctor of Letters in 1961. In April 1955 Lowry was elected as an Associate Member of the Royal Academy of Arts and in April 1962 became a full Royal Academician.[52] At the end of December of the same year his membership status evolved to that of Senior Academician having reached the age of 75.[52] He was given the freedom of the city of Salford in 1965.[20]

In 1975 he was awarded honorary Doctor of Letters degrees by the Universities of Salford and Liverpool. In 1964, the art world celebrated his 77th birthday with an exhibition of his work and that of 25 contemporary artists who had submitted tributes at Monk's Hall Museum, Eccles. The Hallé orchestra performed a concert in his honour and Prime Minister Harold Wilson used Lowry's painting The Pond as his official Christmas card. Lowry's painting Coming Out of School was depicted on a postage stamp of highest denomination in a series issued by the Post Office depicting great British artists in 1968. [20] Lowry twice declined appointment to the Order of the British Empire: as an Officer (OBE) in 1955, and as a Commander (CBE) in 1961.[53] He turned down a knighthood in 1968, and appointments to the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) in 1972 and 1976.[53] He holds the record for the most honours declined.[53]

Quotations

Going to Work - L S Lowry
Going to Work (1943), commissioned by the War Artists' Advisory Committee
  • On the industrial landscape
    • "We went to Pendlebury in 1909 from a residential side of Manchester, and we didn't like it. My father wanted to go to get near a friend for business reasons. We lived next door, and for a long time my mother never got to like it, and at first I disliked it, and then after about a year or so I got used to it, and then I got absorbed in it, then I got infatuated with it. Then I began to wonder if anyone had ever done it. Seriously, not one or two, but seriously; and it seemed to me by that time that it was a very fine industrial subject matter. And I couldn't see anybody at that time who had done it – and nobody had done it, it seemed."[54]
    • "Most of my land and townscape is composite. Made up; part real and part imaginary ... bits and pieces of my home locality. I don't even know I'm putting them in. They just crop up on their own, like things do in dreams."[55]
  • On his style
    • "I wanted to paint myself into what absorbed me ... Natural figures would have broken the spell of it, so I made my figures half unreal. Some critics have said that I turned my figures into puppets, as if my aim were to hint at the hard economic necessities that drove them. To say the truth, I was not thinking very much about the people. I did not care for them in the way a social reformer does. They are part of a private beauty that haunted me. I loved them and the houses in the same way: as part of a vision.
    • "I am a simple man, and I use simple materials: ivory black, vermilion, prussian blue, yellow ochre, flake white and no medium. That's all I've ever used in my paintings. I like oils ... I like a medium you can work into over a period of time."[56]
  • On painting his "Seascapes"
    • "It's the battle of life – the turbulence of the sea ... I have been fond of the sea all my life, how wonderful it is, yet how terrible it is. But I often think ... what if it suddenly changed its mind and didn't turn the tide? And came straight on? If it didn't stay and came on and on and on and on ... That would be the end of it all."[57]
  • On art
    • "You don't need brains to be a painter, just feelings."[13]
    • "I am not an artist. I am a man who paints."[58]
    • "If people call me a Sunday painter, I'm a Sunday painter who paints every day the week."[59]

Works

Dwelling, Ordsall Lane, Salford (by LS Lowry)
"Oldfield Road Dwellings, Salford", 1927, oil on wood, 43.2 cm × 53.3 cm (17.0 in × 21.0 in), Tate Gallery

Lowry's work is held in many public and private collections. The largest collection is held by Salford City Council and displayed at The Lowry. Its collection has about 400 works.[60] X-ray analyses have revealed hidden figures under his drawings – the "Ann" figures. Going to the Match is owned by the Professional Footballers' Association (PFA) and is displayed at The Lowry along with a preparatory pencil sketch.

The Tate Gallery in London owns 23 works. The City of Southampton owns The Floating Bridge, The Canal Bridge and An Industrial Town. His work is featured at MOMA, in New York City. The Christchurch Art Gallery Te Puna o Waiwhetu in Christchurch, New Zealand has Factory at Widnes (1956) in its collection. The painting was one of the gallery's most important acquisitions of the 1950s and remains the highlight of its collection of modern British art.[61]

In the early days of his career Lowry was a member of the Manchester Group of Lancashire artists, exhibiting with them at Margo Ingham's Mid-Day Studios in Manchester.[62] He made a small painting of the Mid-Day Studios which is in the collection of the Manchester City Art Gallery.[63]

During his life Lowry made about 1,000 paintings and over 8,000 drawings.

Selected paintings

Drawings

Stolen Lowry works

Five Lowry art works were stolen from the Grove Fine Art Gallery in Cheadle Hulme, Stockport on 2 May 2007. The most valuable were The Viaduct, estimated value of £700,000 and The Tanker Entering the Tyne, which is valued at over £500,000. The Surgery, The Bridge at Ringley and The Street Market were also stolen.[86] The paintings were later found in a house in Halewood near Liverpool.[87]

Recently attributed works

In July 2015 three works - Lady with Dogs, Darby and Joan and Crowd Scene - featured in the BBC One series Fake or Fortune?. The programme enlisted the help of various experts to determine whether the paintings were genuine or forgeries. The works in question had been bought in the 1960s by a Cheshire businessman, Gerald Ames, but their provenance was poor, and it was noted that Lowry was "probably the most faked British artist, his deceptively simple style of painting making him a soft target for forgers". All three works were judged to be genuine by a panel of experts, and the total value of the paintings was estimated to be in excess of £200,000.[88]

Art market

In March 2014 fifteen of Lowry's works, from the A.J. Thompson Collection, were auctioned at Sotheby's in London; the total sale estimate of £15 million was achieved, even though two paintings failed to reach their reserve price and were withdrawn.[89] Thompson, owner of the Salford Express, collected only Lowry paintings, starting in 1982. The auction included the paintings Peel Park, Salford and Piccadilly Circus, London, Lowry's most expensive painting at auction to date, which fetched £5.6 million in 2011 but only £5.1 million in 2014. Lowry painted very few London scenes, and only two depict Piccadilly Circus.[90]

In popular culture

So you hide all Lowry's paintings
For 30 years or more
'Cos he turned down a knighthood
And you must now settle the score

  • In the BBC's Fake or Fortune? experts determined whether three works were genuine Lowry paintings or forgeries. Experts analysed the paint used in one of the paintings, but the white paint did not match the flake white Lowry claimed to have always used. Lowry claimed to have only used five colours, flake white (lead white), ivory black, vermillion red, Prussian blue and yellow ochre, produced by Winsor & Newton. Photographic evidence from the 1950s, however, showed that he had experimented with both titanium white and zinc white: Darby and Joan contained traces of zinc white. The same painting was also plainly visible in a contemporary BBC documentary film.[88]

References

Notes

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  3. ^ L S Lowry RA: Retrospective Exhibition, (London: Arts Council, 1966)
  4. ^ Mervyn Levy, L. S. Lowry (London: Royal Academy of Art, 1976)
  5. ^ M. Leber and J. Sandling (eds.), L. S. Lowry Centenary Exhibition (Salford: Salford Museum & Art Gallery, 1987)
  6. ^ Rogers, Simon (26 January 2012). "Refused honours: who were the people who decided to say no? (And help us find out)". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  7. ^ Anon. "Stretford Area". Blue Plaques In Trafford. Trafford Council. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  8. ^ a b Anonymous (24 February 1976). "Lowry included figures simply because they were part of the observed scene. To him they became items of composition". Arts Guardian. The Guardian. p. 10.
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  10. ^ Julian Spalding, Lowry, (Oxford: Phaidon, New York: Dutton, 1979)
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  79. ^ "LS Lowry work The Football Match fetches record £5.6m". BBC News. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  80. ^ "'The Pond', L.S. Lowry". Tate. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  81. ^ "Footballers' union nets Lowry". BBC News. 1 December 1999. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  82. ^ "A Young Man, 1955". Tate.org.uk. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  83. ^ "Industrial Landscape, 1955". Tate.org.uk. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  84. ^ Anon. "Walks from our Retreats – The Lowry Trail". Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  85. ^ "Surprise Lowry print windfall for Aberaeron Red Cross". BBC. 29 July 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  86. ^ Anon (2 May 2007). "Lowry's valuable work stolen from Grove Fine Art gallery". ls-lowry.com. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  87. ^ Neal Kealing (29 July 2011). "Treasure trove of LS Lowry classics stolen from Stockport art collector's home are found". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  88. ^ a b "BBC iPlayer - Fake or Fortune? - Series 4: 1. Lowry". BBC. 5 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  89. ^ "LS Lowry collection sells for £15m at auction - BBC News". BBC. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  90. ^ "LS Lowry painting bought for £5.6m". 17 November 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  91. ^ Headon, Tanya (17 December 2002). "Songs About Laurence Stephen Lowry". FreakyTrigger. Tom Ewing. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
  92. ^ David Whetstone (4 August 2010). "Theatre puts Berwick firmly on the map". JournalLive. Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  93. ^ "30 Year War Lyrics - Manic Street Preachers". Lyricsfreak.com. Retrieved 9 May 2016.

Sources

  • Andrews, Allen. The Life of L. S. Lowry, A Biography (London: Jupiter Books, 1977)
  • Clarke, Hilda Margery. Lowry Himself (Southampton: The First Gallery, 1992) ISBN 0-9512947-0-9
  • Howard, Michael. Lowry — A Visionary Artist (Lausanne, Switzerland: Acatos, 1999)
  • Leber, Michael and Sandling, Judith (eds). L. S. Lowry (Oxford: Phaidon, 1987)
  • Leber, Michael and Sandling, Judith. Lowry's City: A Painter and His Locale (London: Lowry House, 2001)
  • Levy, Nichael. The Paintings of L. S. Lowry: Oils and Watercolours (London: Jupiter Books, 1975)
  • Levy, Michael. The Drawings of L. S. Lowry: Public and Private (London: Jupiter Books, 1976)
  • Lowry, L. S. L. S. Lowry, R. A.: A Selection of Masterpieces (London: Crane Kalman Gallery, 1994)
  • McLean, David. L. S. Lowry (London: The Medici Society, 1978)
  • Marshall, Tilly. Life with Lowry (London: Hutchinson, 1981) ISBN 0-09-144090-4
  • Rhode, Shelley. A Private View of L. S. Lowry (London: Collins, 1979)
  • Rohde, Shelley. The Lowry Lexicon — An A–Z of L. S. Lowry (Salford Quays: Lowry Press, 1999)
  • Sieja, Doreem. The Lowry I Knew (London: Jupiter Books, 1983)
  • Spalding, Julian. Lowry (Oxford: Phaidon, New York: Dutton, 1979)
  • Timperley, W. H. (will illustrations by L. S. Lowry), A Cotswold Book (London: Jonathan Cape, 1931)

External links

Arthur Delaney

Arthur McEvoy Delaney born 9 December 1927, Chorlton upon Medlock, Manchester, Lancashire - died 17 April 1987 (Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester) was an English painter whose scenes of Manchester life were influenced by those of L. S. Lowry, gaining some popularity since his death.

He is alleged to be the illegitimate son of comedian Frank Randle (born Arthur Hughes). His mother, Genevieve Delaney (also known as Willis (born Kelshaw)) was a music hall artiste who appeared with her sister, Mary Monica Kelshaw (also known as Lee); their act was known as Delaney and Lee.

At 13 years of age, he joined a textile design studio in Manchester where he worked for the next 32 years. He married his childhood sweetheart, Joan Campion, in 1949 and they had four children. He started to paint as a means of relaxation. There were two great influences in his life that were to effect his own development as a painter. One was the work of L. S. Lowry and the other was the memories of the happy years he spent as a boy in the Manchester of the 1930s with its smoke-laden skies, rattling tramcars and gas lamps.

Lowry's work made him aware of the many special qualities of the north and soon he began producing street scenes and industrial landscapes. His paintings were not stylised but a true likeness to their location. He set out to capture the atmosphere of the 1930s and all of his paintings capture the nostalgia of the period.

In April 1974 he held a very successful one-man show at the Tib Lane Gallery in Manchester, with all the pictures selling within half an hour at the preview. His paintings continued to sell well during his lifetime and he exhibited at the Royal Academy. Many of his paintings were produced as limited-edition prints.

In 2010 a painting by Delaney, in the style of L.S. Lowry, and painted as a homage to him, was auctioned after being seized by police from convicted fraudster Maurice Taylor. Taylor had purchased the painting for £7,500 in 2004; a signature "L S Lowry, 1964" had been added, before the painting was sold for £330,000 to a specialist dealer in Lowrys. The painting, of a snowbound Mill Street, Manchester, had been given an insurance valuation of £600,000 by the auctioneers Bonhams. The painting was said to lack fluidity, with muddy skies and with the lamp-posts wrongly highlighted in red.

Burnden Park

Burnden Park was the home of English football club Bolton Wanderers who played home games there between 1895 and 1997. As well as hosting the 1901 FA Cup Final replay, it was the scene in 1946 of one of the greatest disasters in English football, and the subject of an L. S. Lowry painting. It was demolished in 1999, two years after Bolton moved to their new home at the Reebok Stadium.

Daisy Nook

Daisy Nook is a country park in Failsworth, Greater Manchester, England. The park runs through the Medlock Valley in an area once called Waterhouses. Waterhouses was one of three 'houses' in the Failsworth area, the other two being Millhouses (now Clayton Bridge) and Woodhouses.

Frances Lennon

Frances Lennon, MBE (12 September 1912 – 24 January 2015) was an award-winning British artist from Greater Manchester, probably best known for being the Official Artist of the 2002 Commonwealth Games. Many comparisons have been made between Lennon's work and that of fellow Stretfordian L. S. Lowry; her paintings have been described as "Lowry-esque, but with more humour". Well-known collectors of her work include former Member of Parliament Winston Churchill.

H. W. Timperley

Harold William Timperley (1890–1964) was an English author of local history and topographical studies, the most notable of which was illustrated by L. S. Lowry. In later life he worked with his wife Edith Brill, who later published her own books on the Cotswolds.

Hastings Contemporary

The Hastings Contemporary is a museum of contemporary British art located on The Stade in Hastings, East Sussex and is a not for profit organisation. The gallery opened in March 2012 as the Jerwood Gallery and cost £4m to build. The gallery contains both temporary exhibitions and a permanent collection that includes work from artists including: L. S. Lowry, Augustus John, Stanley Spencer, Walter Sickert, Ben Nicholson, Patrick Caulfield, Maggi Hambling, Craigie Aitchison and Prunella Clough.

Lefevre Gallery

The Lefevre Gallery (or The Lefevre Galleries) was an art gallery in London, England, operated by Alex. Reid & Lefevre Ltd.The gallery was opened at 1a, King Street, St James's, in 1926, when rival art dealers Alexander Reid and Ernest Lefevre joined forces.Upon Reid's death in 1928, his son, A J McNeill Reid succeeded him. Lefevre resigned in 1931.In 1950, the gallery relocated to premises at 30, Bruton Street, Mayfair.Among artists whose first British solo exhibitions were hosted by the gallery were Salvador Dali, Edgar Degas, Andre Derain, L S Lowry, Amedeo Modigliani, Henri Rousseau, and Georges Seurat, It also held the first London exhibitions for Bernard Buffet, Balthus and Rene Magritte. Others who exhibited there included Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Walter Sickert, Wyndham Lewis and the East London Group.

The gallery closed in 2002, citing competition from auction houses, changes in tax on works imported from outside the European Union, and the introduction of droit de suite (royalties paid to artists when their work is sold). The name lives on as 'Lefevre Fine Art' founded the same year.

Looking for Lowry with Ian McKellen

Looking for Lowry with Ian McKellen is a documentary film about the British artist L. S. Lowry and his work. The film is written and directed by Margy Kinmonth and produced by Foxtrot Films Ltd and features Ian McKellen (L. S. Lowry), Noel Gallagher and Dame Paula Rego. Visiting the Tate Modern store to view its Lowry collection the documentary asks why, despite his popular appeal, the Tate does not have any of its 23 Lowrys on show to the public. Lowry’s heiress Carol Lowry (no relation) appears for the first time on film, describing her 19 year friendship with Uncle Laurie. When Lowry died, he left everything to her in his will; the film features her own personal archive which was found in Lowry’s house.

The film sparked controversy. Tate Britain came under fire in the press for not displaying any of its collection of works by L.S. Lowry. The museum subsequently held a major exhibition of Lowry’s landscapes in 2013 entitled "Lowry and the Painting of Modern Life"..

The film was the first of ITV’s Perspectives strand on Sunday 24 April 2011 .

Lowry Hotel

The Lowry Hotel is located by the River Irwell in Salford, Greater Manchester, England. The five star hotel is named after the artist L. S. Lowry, it is close to Manchester city centre and it is promoted as "The Lowry Hotel, Manchester". When the hotel first opened Marco Pierre White was the overseeing chef of The River Room Restaurant.

The hotel is a member of The Leading Hotels of the World.

The hotel was owned by The Rocco Forte Collection, the company of Sir Rocco Forte, son of the late hotel magnate Baron Charles Forte. But in November 2016, the hotel was put up for sale, two years after being acquired by Westmont Hospitality Group and Mount Kellett Capital Management in a deal estimated to be worth £40m.

In a statement on behalf of the Lowry Hotel, commercial property service, CBRE Group, said: “CBRE has been instructed as Sole Selling Agent to secure a purchaser for The Lowry Hotel Manchester on behalf of the owners, an affiliate of Westmont Hospitality Group.”

Mervyn Levy

Mervyn Levy (11 February 1914 – 14 April 1996) was a British artist, art teacher and writer on art. Born in Swansea, where he became a friend of the painter Alfred Janes, the poet Dylan Thomas and the musician Daniel Jones, he spent most of his teaching career in Bristol and London, and made several popular television series about painting techniques. He published monographs on contemporary artists, and a catalogue raisonnee of the works of his friend the painter L. S. Lowry.

Pendlebury railway station

Pendlebury railway station was a station in the town of Pendlebury in Greater Manchester.

The station started life as part of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway's Pendleton and Hindley line that grew into (and still exists today as) the Manchester Victoria to Wigan Wallgate line. Heading from Manchester towards Wigan, the preceding station was at Irlams o' th' Height (closed in 1956), and the following station was at Swinton (still open). Pendlebury station was closed in 1960. The existing lines still widen where the island platform existed (removed in 1978).

Ownership had passed from the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, to the London, Midland and Scottish Railway, and upon nationalisation it became property of British Railways.

It was located on Bolton Road (A666), opposite St. Augustine's Church and the former (appropriately named) Station Hotel pub which is nowadays the Trattoria Italian restaurant. The railway station was about 760 yards east of the present day Swinton railway station. The station was located just before the entrance to a tunnel underneath Bolton Road. From the site of the station the tunnel goes as far as Swinton Hall Road where it comes out and into a cutting on its way towards Swinton. A 1909 Ordnance Survey map shows no buildings on top of the tunnel's location, suggesting that it was not stable to be built upon at this time. In the Black Harry Tunnel collapse of 1953, part of the tunnel collapsed. Two houses fell into the resultant large void in Temple Drive, Swinton. Five people in the houses were killed. http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/eventsummary.php?eventID=475 .

The Swinton and Pendlebury Journal of 7 October 1960 reported that the last train to call at Pendlebury railway station was the 23:21 from Manchester Victoria to Wigan on the previous Saturday (1 October 1960) - there were 6 people aboard one of whom was a 37-year-old shopkeeper Mr Jackson, proprietor of 419 Chorley Road, Swinton. Mr Jackson reportedly bought the last ticket ever issued at Pendlebury station from the porter Mr D. White - a single to Swinton. Mr Jackson also reportedly travelled to Irlams o' th' Height on 3 March 1956 to purchase the last ever ticket issued there.

A pub, the Station Hotel, was located on the opposite side of the road. The building still exists, but has been refurbished into the Trattoria Italian restaurant. Some of the yellow brickwork of the station is still visible on Bolton Road.

The artist L.S. Lowry lived at 117 Station Road (B5231), Pendlebury; a number of documentary films from the late 1950s (one from the BBC) show him using the station, which was about a mile from his home.

Clifton Hall Tunnel (sometimes called the Black Harry Tunnel), part of the London and North Western Railway's Clifton Branch, ran underneath the eastern end of the station. The layout was four tracks wide, with an island platform serving two of the tracks being connected to Bolton Road via a footbridge. Several sets of points lay at the eastern end of the station.

Peter Hodgkinson

Peter Hodgkinson is a British sculptor, born in Preston.

Among his commissions are statues of L S Lowry in Sam's Chop House, off Cross Street, Manchester, and the footballers Tom Finney and Stan Mortensen.

Portrait of Ann

Portrait of Anne (1957) is a painting by British artist L. S. Lowry (1887–1976). It is one of Lowry's most famous portraits and its subject appears in many Lowry works. Opinion remains divided as to the identity of the subject and her significance for the artist.

Seaburn

Seaburn is a seaside resort and northeastern suburb of Sunderland, North East England. The village of Whitburn borders the area to the north. To the west and south-west is Fulwell and to the south the coastal resort of Roker.

Virtually all of Seaburn consists of low-density private housing interspersed with open parkland, laid out in the middle of the 20th century. Much of the housing is amongst the most expensive in Sunderland, with many large mansion houses situated along the coast, and on adjoining streets.

The seafront is home to a sandy blue flag beach, seaside promenades, 2 amusement arcades, children's playgrounds, fish and chip shops, small guest houses and one four star hotel, operated by Marriott. The main shopping street is Sea Road, which runs from the seafront up through Fulwell to the Seaburn Metro station.

The area around Queens Parade hosts a 'strip' of popular eateries, with three Italian, two Indian and two Chinese restaurants in operation as of 2009. Also trading are several pubs and coffee shops. In the late 1980s, the old Seaburn Hall site was redeveloped, with a Morrisons supermarket, new amusement park and leisure and fitness centre. Previously, Seaburn Hall had been a famous dance hall and live music venue. It was built in 1939 as part of a development scheme which also included the seafront and a funfair.Seaburn was a favourite place of the painter L. S. Lowry. A large Lowry painting is displayed in the local Morrisons supermarket.

The popular Sunderland International Airshow is held on the coast at Seaburn and Roker and is the largest free event of its kind in Europe, with a variety of aircraft, civilian and military aircraft on display.On the Tyne and Wear Metro Seaburn is served by its own station.

The suburb is part of the Fulwell ward on Sunderland City Council, and is represented by three Conservative councillors.

Shelley Rohde

Gillian Shelley Mary Rohde (17 May 1933 – 6 December 2007) was a British journalist and author. She was best known in North West England as a reporter and presenter on Granada Reports, but she is more widely remembered as the biographer of the artist L. S. Lowry.

She was born Gillian Shelley Mary Rohde, on 17 May 1933, in London, England, her parents being a scriptwriter father and an actress mother. Shelley took the surname of her mother's second husband, the pilot Douglas Rohde. The girl was largely brought up by her maternal grandmother, Patricia Reardon.

The path to adulthood led through Nottinghamshire. There had been many schools, and Shelley had contrived to be expelled from some. When she left school at 16, it was with no qualifications, and this was to impart a certain drive to her career. She secured her first job on the Nottinghamshire Free Press before gravitating to London and joining first The Star and later the Daily Express. The Express sent her to the Soviet Union, where at age 21 she became the first female foreign correspondent in Moscow. From her years in Moscow, not only did she learn Russian, but served as interpreter for the press when the Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Bulganin made their official visit to London in 1956.Still only a young woman, she was a witness to the events of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Her coverage of it is mentioned in James Michener's book The Bridge at Andau, in particular an incident where journalists waiting at the bridge to interview fleeing refugees heard a baby crying. Risking a bullet, Rohde crossed the bridge and helped baby and family to safety.

Shelley married and had four children, Gavin, Christian, Daniel and Michele, but later divorced.

In the 1960s she moved north to Manchester as chief feature writer for the Daily Mail and from there joined Granada Television, which gave her scope as a presenter and commentator of the local scene, chat host and debating chair, and she became a personality in her own right, as did other colleagues in those years, such as Tony Wilson. She was a forceful personality, but generally treated her interviewees with sympathy and visibly entered into their enthusiasms and quirks. She had a memorable laugh. It was a mix of style that drew on the pioneering skills of the foreign correspondent and the knack of the local journalist in bringing out the interest in the lives of our neighbours.

It was in this setting that she began to investigate the local artist L. S. Lowry and was eventually to become an acknowledged expert on him. Her documentary on him, L.S. Lowry: A Private View, was made after she had interviewed the artist personally, which she did several times during his later life. This was in itself an achievement, given that Lowry was known to be difficult to pin down to an interview appointment and to any clear content and was inclined to amuse himself by making up stories. He first told Rohde he had given up painting long ago, but it was noticed that the paint on a canvas was wet.

She was to write extensively about Lowry, including her book A private view of L.S. Lowry (revised as L.S. Lowry: A Biography), and won the Portico Prize for literary excellence in 2002 with another book, The Lowry Lexicon: An A-Z of L.S. Lowry. However, she was not monomaniacal and went on to do A-Z of Van Gogh.

Before her death she named a selection of three Lowry works that then became the focus of the exhibition Exploding Pictures at the Lowry in Salford, the major holding of the artist's work.

Shelley Rohde died on 6 December 2007, after a ten-year struggle against cancer.

She leaves four children (Gavin, Christian, Daniel and Michelle) and three grandchildren (Billy, Solomon and Rowan).

St Winifred's School Choir

St Winifred's School Choir, from St Winifred's Roman Catholic Primary School in Stockport, England, was a choir of children whose single in 1980 became that year's British Christmas number one single. Entitled "There's No One Quite Like Grandma", written for the 80th birthday of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother in 1980 by Gordon Lorenz, it sold one million copies, most of them Christmas presents from grandchildren. It spent two weeks at number one, and 11 weeks in the UK Singles Chart in total. Dawn Ralph provided the lead vocal of the song composed by award-winning record producer Gordon Lorenz. During the late 1970s and the 1980s, Miss Terri Foley trained and conducted the choir, who gave the Music for Pleasure record label its only UK No. 1 single.

The choir had been recording since 1972, when Foley played the guitar with the choir and the conductor was Miss Olive Moore. Their first major single came in November 1979. They had also been previously recorded as the backing vocalists of another eventual number one song, "Matchstalk Men and Matchstalk Cats and Dogs" by Brian and Michael, which concerned the paintings of L.S. Lowry. In 1982, the choir released Christmas for Everyone; and Children's Party Time, which included 32 arrangements of songs including ABBA's "Waterloo" and "Dancing Queen".

One of the children who appeared on television in the 1980 recording was Sally Lindsay, who has gone on to become an actress, appearing in the ITV soap opera Coronation Street. Another, Jennifer Hennessy, is also a television actress and has appeared in the BBC drama Doctor Who and the BBC comedy The Office. Two more, Christine Cheetham and Diana Dyer, featured in the Identity Parade line-up on an autumn 1998 edition of BBC panel game, Never Mind the Buzzcocks.

In November 2009, 14 of the original choir members reunited to record a new version of "There's No One Quite Like Grandma" in association with Innocent Drinks to raise money for the Age Concern charity.Dawn Ralph was the young female soloist who sang on "There's No-one Quite Like Grandma". She also made a number of live appearances at theatres. Although Ralph enjoyed the success, she didn't enjoy the publicity and turned down many offers, including one to appear in a West End production of Annie. She is married with children. Her last TV appearance was on This Is Your Life in the 1990s. The show focused on Sister Aquinas - the former headmistress of St Winifred's School who was honoured for her work.

Swindon Museum and Art Gallery

Swindon Museum and Art Gallery is located in Swindon, Wiltshire, England in a listed building on the corner of Bath Road and Victoria Road in Swindon's Old Town. The Swindon Art Gallery has a collection of 20th-century British art which was established in 1944 by a local benefactor, H.J.P. Bomford, through a significant donation of artworks.Swindon Museum and Art Gallery's collection focuses on major artists and movements of 20th and 21st century British art, with several works presented by the Art Fund and the Contemporary Art Society. Artists in the collection include Simon Carter, Amanda Ansell, Ben Nicholson, Henry Moore, Lucian Freud, Graham Sutherland, L S Lowry, Paul Nash, Steven Pippin, Terry Frost, Roger Hilton, Howard Hodgkin, John Hoyland, Richard Hamilton, Gwen John, Augustus John, Maggi Hambling, John Bellany, Tony Bevan, Ivon Hitchens, John Piper, Christopher le Brun, Dennis Creffield, Lisa Milroy, Julie Umerle, David Leach, Lucie Rie, Hans Coper, Gillian Ayres, Linda Ingham, Robert Priseman, Sheila Fell and William Turnbull. The media include paintings, photography and studio pottery.

The museum has displays of local archaeology, geology, and history. These present Swindon's geological Jurassic history, its association with the Roman Empire, and the town's social history.Swindon Museum and Art Gallery is one of the venues for the annual Swindon Festival of Literature.

The Lowry

The Lowry is a theatre and gallery complex at Salford Quays, Salford, Greater Manchester, England. It is named after the early 20th century painter L. S. Lowry, known for his paintings of industrial scenes in North West England. The complex was officially opened on 12 October 2000 by Queen Elizabeth II.

The Masterplan (song)

"The Masterplan" is a song by English rock band Oasis. It was written by lead guitarist Noel Gallagher.

The song was first released as a B-side to the CD version of their hit single "Wonderwall" in October 1995. "The Masterplan" was also released with the Stop the Clocks EP in November 2006. It also shares its name with the 1998 B-side compilation album, The Masterplan, on which it is featured as the last track.

Noel Gallagher has regularly declared "The Masterplan" one of the best songs he has ever written. However, he regrets the fact that it was first released as a B-side, admitting he was "young and stupid" when he made that decision. He also claims that Creation Records boss Alan McGee, upon hearing the song, told Noel it was "too good" to be a B-side. Noel reportedly replied, "Well, I don't write shit songs!""The Masterplan" is sung by Noel, and features all band members except lead vocalist Liam Gallagher and Paul "Guigsy" McGuigan (Noel Gallagher plays the bass himself on this track), in addition to an orchestra. The song also features a backwards guitar solo after the first chorus. Approximately 30 seconds from the end of the song, Noel can be heard (distortedly) singing the chorus from "Octopus's Garden" by The Beatles.

The song is included in Oasis' compilation album, Stop the Clocks. A special L. S. Lowry-inspired animated promotional video, complete with a swaggering Liam, was created to promote the album.

In the video, the band walk past Johnny Roadhouse Music, a music shop from which the Gallagher brothers regularly bought equipment at the beginning of their career.

It also features on the soundtrack to the Spanish film La Mujer Más Fea del Mundo as well as in an episode of CSI: Miami.

The song was performed at the MTV Unplugged concert in August 1996.

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