L. Ron Hubbard House

The L. Ron Hubbard House, also known as the Original Founding Church of Scientology, is a writer's house museum and former Scientology church located at 1812 19th Street NW in the Dupont Circle neighborhood of Washington, D.C., United States. Public tours are given on a regular basis. The operating Founding Church is now located at 1424 16th Street for services, bookstore and classes. [2] The home served as the residence of Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard from 1955 until 1959,[3] during which time he incorporated the Founding Church of Scientology and performed the first Scientology wedding.[2][4][5] The building is a contributing property to the Dupont Circle Historic District, a neighborhood listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

L. Ron Hubbard House
L. Ron Hubbard House - Dupont Circle
Location1812 19th Street NW Washington, D.C., U.S.
Built1904
ArchitectWood, Donn, & Deming
Architectural styleMediterranean Revival Style
Part ofDupont Circle Historic District (#78003056)
Designated CPJuly 21, 1978[1]

History

The row of buildings located at 1810 -1820 19th Street NW was designed by local architectural firm Wood, Donn, & Deming for Arvine W. Johnston in 1904.[6] Notable owners of the home during the early 20th century included United States Senators James K. Jones[7] and Claude A. Swanson.[8]

Hubbard purchased the home in 1955, the same year he organized the Founding Church which met at 1826 R Street NW from July 21, 1955 until 1959.[2][9] The building later served as the home of the Academy of Scientology, previously located at 1845 R Street NW, and known as The Academy of Religious Arts and Sciences. Additional Scientology organizations once located at the L. Ron Hubbard House include the National Academy of American Psychology (NAAP).[10]

In January 1963, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ordered a raid against the Academy's 19th Street location, seizing more than 100 e-meters (electronic devices used by Scientologists) and 200 pieces of literature. The raid resulted in a lawsuit filed by the FDA against the Founding Church. In 1971, the Church and FDA reached a settlement which included a ruling that all e-meters bear a prominent warning label.[11] The seized items were returned to the Founding Church in October 1973.[12]

After the Founding Church sold the property in the mid-1970s, it was once again used for residential purposes. An organization called the Friends of L. Ron Hubbard repurchased the home in 2004.[2]

Architecture

The three-story L. Ron Hubbard House is an example of Mediterranean Revival Style architecture, a design frequently used by Waddy Butler Wood and his associates. The building's exterior consists of cream-colored brick, accented with stone and wood trimming. Decorative features include a two-story bay window, red-tiled roof, and Flemish gable.[6]

Current usage

The museum opened in 2007 following a year-long renovation to restore the building to its 1957 appearance. It contains a recreation of the Hubbard Communications Office and various literature describing Hubbard's early life. A tour of the museum is available by appointment only.[2][13] The 2014 property value of the L. Ron Hubbard House is $2,004,060. Since October 27, 2003, ownership of the building has been registered to Heritage Properties International,[14] indicated by tax returns to be a front group of the Church of Spiritual Technology.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ a b c d e Banville, Jule (2007-09-11). "The L. Ron Hubbard House: Get There Before Travolta". Washington City Paper. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
  3. ^ Malko, George (1970). "Scientology". Delacorte Press: 66.
  4. ^ Nigosian, Soloman A. (2007). World Religions: A Historical Approach. Macmillan. p. 492. ISBN 0-312-44237-8.
  5. ^ Larson, Bob (2004). Larson's Book of World Religions and Alternative Spirituality. Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. p. 431. ISBN 0-8423-6417-X.
  6. ^ a b Null, Druscilla J. (1983-07-07). "Architectural Data Form". Historic American Buildings Survey. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
  7. ^ "Buys House in Washington". Washington Post. 1906-07-19. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
  8. ^ United States Congress (1912). "Official Congressional Directory". United States Government Printing Office: 385.
  9. ^ "News In Brief". Washington Post. 1995-10-28. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
  10. ^ White, Alex Sandri (1969). "The Seeker's Guide to Groups and Societies". Aurea Publications: 36.
  11. ^ United States of America v. Founding Church of Scientology, 333 F 1-63 (D.C. 1971).
  12. ^ MacKaye, William R. (1973-10-24). "Church Gets Back Books, E-Meters". Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
  13. ^ Landers, Chris (2008-04-24). "Serious Business: Anonymous takes on Scientology (and doesn't afraid of anything)". Orlando Weekly. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
  14. ^ "DC Citizen Atlas Real Property Reports". Government of the District of Columbia. Archived from the original on 2009-04-30. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  15. ^ "Heritage Properties International Financial Statements Year Ended 31st December 2016". Companies House. 2018-01-12. Retrieved 2018-03-17.

External links

Coordinates: 38°54′52″N 77°02′36″W / 38.914581°N 77.043352°W

Arenz, Röder and Dagmar v. Germany

Arenz, Röder and Dagmar v. Germany (Communication No. 1138/2002) was a case decided by the UN Human Rights Committee in 2004.

Church of Scientology v. Sweden

Church of Scientology v. Sweden (8282/78) was a case decided by the European Commission of Human Rights in 1980.

Clearwater Hearings

The Clearwater Hearings were a 1982 Clearwater, Florida commission that investigated the Church of Scientology and Project Normandy. Among the witnesses who testified were Ron DeWolf and various ex-Scientologists. The commission uncovered a number of illegal activities committed by the church, including:

murder of Susan Meister

having Tonja Burden, as a minor, sign promissory notes to the church

negligence and abuse of children

theft of government documents

forging of government ID cards

giving money to its founder, L. Ron Hubbard

harassment of reporters and alleged attackers

harboring of fugitive Mike Meisner

perjury in federal courtsThe commission likewise found unethical activities committed by the church, including:

lying about the ends and benefits of auditing

fabrication of L. Ron Hubbard's life

forging of evidence for Hubbard's life

unsanitary living conditions for Scientologists

abortions by beating women in the stomach

using a front to buy Fort Harrison

false witness against alleged attackers

"widespread, intercontinental espionage"

justifying all the aforementioned as religionFinally, the commission found the following about L. Ron Hubbard:

had suicidal thoughts after leaving the Navy

continuously wrote to the FBI about alleged Communist plots against him

refused to get help for his mental illness

wrote to a magazine posing as a woman

married three times, and one time practiced polygamy

abused and performed pseudoscientific experiments on Sara Hubbard

performed abortions by beating women in their stomachs

surrounded himself with very young girls who did his every whim

founded Scientology to make money for himself

made extravagant purchases and lacked personal management

was obsessed with blood while making movies

Concerned Businessmen's Association of America

The Concerned Businessmen's Association of America (CBAA), founded in 1983, is a Scientology-related movement directed at promoting moral education and "enhanced well-being". The organization uses L. Ron Hubbard's The Way to Happiness booklet as part of their Set A Good Example (SAGE) program, which holds children's anti-drug contests, and awards grants to participating schools. The Way to Happiness presents Scientology's religious concepts in a secular framework. The CBAA licenses the trademarks of the Association for Better Living and Education (ABLE). Their office is located in Reno, Nevada.

Doctrine of Exchange

The Doctrine of Exchange is a central tenet of Scientology, which dictates that for spiritual well-being, "anytime a person receives something, he must pay something back" and balance "inflow" with "outflow". The Church of Scientology has presented this as the reason some of its services, such as auditing, its central practice of Scientology, must never be given away, but must be paid for.

Quid pro quo transactions are prohibited in tax-exempt organizations, and the Church of Scientology has argued in its requests for tax exemption that Scientology courses must have fixed fees because of this religious doctrine.

Freedom Medal

The Freedom Medal is a medal awarded to Scientologists. It is awarded annually to members of the Church of Scientology for "bringing greater freedom to mankind". Established in 1985, the Freedom Medal has had 80 recipients.

Freedom Medal of Valor

The Freedom Medal of Valor is a medal awarded to Scientologists. It is a larger version of the more common Freedom Medal awarded annually to members of the Church of Scientology for "bringing greater freedom to mankind". Established in 1985, the Freedom Medal has had 80 recipients; however to date the Freedom Medal of Valor has had but a single recipient - Tom Cruise. His medal was awarded for "humanitarian work of a larger global scale."

Hubbard Association of Scientologists International

The Hubbard Association of Scientologists (HAS) was the original corporation founded in 1954 by L. Ron Hubbard that managed all Scientology organizations. The HAS evolved from the Office of L. Ron Hubbard located in Phoenix, Arizona. It was re-incorporated later in the year as the Hubbard Association of Scientologists International (HASI) to correct the non-profit status omission in the corporate paperwork.

HASI general members would receive 10% discount on all books, tape lectures and other items from Church bookstores. HASI membership was a requirement to take services at the various Scientology organizations.

HASI was the sole membership organization for the Church of Scientology prior to October 1984, when the International Association of Scientologists was started.

Project Normandy

Project Normandy was a top secret Church of Scientology operation wherein the church planned to take over the city of Clearwater, Florida, by infiltrating government offices and media centers. Gabe Cazares, who was the mayor of Clearwater at the time, used the term “the occupation of Clearwater.”

R v Church of Scientology of Toronto

The Queen v. Church of Scientology of Toronto was a 1992 Canadian criminal case involving the Church of Scientology and members of the organization. It also involved previously untested sections of Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Scientology and marriage

Scientology and marriage, within the Church of Scientology, are discussed in the book The Background, Ministry, Ceremonies & Sermons of the Scientology Religion.

Scientology weddings do not require that both parties of the wedding be adherents of Scientology. Nor does the Church necessarily exclude material from weddings of other faiths in its own ceremonies. One source, J. Gordon Melton, has ascribed this to Scientology trying to mollify members of the wedding partners' families.

Scientology in Canada

Scientology in Canada has encountered difficulties in obtaining status as a tax exempt organization, as has happened in other countries.

Scientology in Egypt

The Church of Scientology has no official presence in Egypt and there are no known membership statistics available. In 2002, two members were detained by Egyptian authorities under the charges of "contempt of religion". However, some books by the founder, L. Ron Hubbard, have started to appear in several Egyptian bookstores in the late 2000s, and were even approved by Al-Azhar, the highest Sunni learning institution in the Muslim world. Egypt is listed on an official Scientology website as being a country "in which Dianetics and Scientology services are ministered". Narconon, an organization which promotes Hubbard's drug abuse treatment, has a branch in Fayoum.

Scientology in New Zealand

Scientology has been established in New Zealand since 1955.The 2006 census gives 357 people affiliated to The Church of Scientology although the Church claims that it has 5000 followers. By the 2013 census the number claiming to be affiliated had dropped to 315 people.The church is registered as a charity and Inland Revenue Department has granted charitable status to the church for tax purposes. Marion Moffat is the chairperson of Church of Scientology of New Zealand.

In 1969 the government instituted a Commission of Inquiry into Scientology which resulted in the Dumbleton-Powles Report.

On 21 January 2017, the new Ideal Church of Scientology of Auckland opened its doors in the heritage-listed Grafton building, formerly Whitecliffe Art College.

Scientology in Pakistan

Scientology in Pakistan is said to be followed among a very small number of people, mainly from the middle and upper classes of Karachi. The Dianetics Centre of Karachi for Personal Excellence, located in Gulshan-e-Iqbal, is affiliated with the Church of Scientology. The center provides introductory courses, individual counseling and life improvement courses.Several Scientology-affiliated organisations are active in the country. Youth Together for Human Rights Education (YTHRE), affiliated with Youth for Human Rights International, promotes human rights education and has conducted workshops on character development for thousands of participants. The Criminon program, run by the Scientologist community under the coordination of the Society for Advancement of Health, Education and the Environment (SAHEE), has been used to rehabilitate over 1,500 prisoners in Pakistani jails. Over 12,000 policemen have also attended Criminon workshops. The Study Tech teaching method developed by L. Ron Hubbard has been adopted in schools in Pakistan, a program for which Applied Scholastics has trained many teachers. Scientologist-run Assist teams have aided in several relief operations throughout the country in times of natural disasters.

Scientology in Russia

Scientology has been subjected to considerable persecution in Russia.

Scientology in the United States

Scientology was founded in the United States by science fiction author L. Ron Hubbard and is now practiced in many other countries.

We Stand Tall

We Stand Tall is a 1990 music video produced by the Church of Scientology. It features many individuals, including current Scientology leader, David Miscavige. Many of the participants have either come to publicly criticize the practices of the Church or have disappeared.The video features Miscavige, Mike Rinder, Marty Rathbun, Heber Jentzsch, and Shelly Miscavige.

X. and Church of Scientology v. Sweden

X. and Church of Scientology v. Sweden (7805/77) was a case decided by European Commission of Human Rights in 1979.

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