Löfven Cabinet

The cabinet of Stefan Löfven (Swedish: Regeringen Löfven) is the present caretaker Government of Sweden. It is a coalition, consisting of two parties: the Social Democrats and the Green Party. The cabinet was installed on 3 October 2014, following the 2014 general election. It lost a vote of no confidence following the 2018 election.

With only 37.9% of the popular votes in 2014 and 138 out of 349 seats (39.5%) in the Riksdag (Swedish parliament), the “red-green” coalition began as one of the weakest minority governments in Swedish history and relied on support from other parties in the Riksdag. At the 2018 election it became weaker, gaining only 32.6% of the votes. On 25 September 2018 the Riksdag passed a motion of no confidence in it by 204 votes to 142, and Löfven resigned. However, the Speaker then invited him to stay on as acting Prime Minister of a caretaker government.[1]

2014 was the first time that the Green Party had been part of a government, and the first time in 57 years that the Social Democrats had formed a coalition cabinet. From then on this was led by Prime Minister Stefan Löfven, leader of the Social Democrats. The cabinet consists of 12 men and 12 women.[2]

The cabinet was installed following a formal government meeting with King Carl XVI Gustaf on 3 October 2014. Stefan Löfven had previously announced his cabinet ministers at 09:00 AM on the same day.[3][4][5][6][7]

In May 2016, Prime Minister Stefan Löfven reshuffled his cabinet. In July 2017, three cabinet ministers (Infrastructure Minister Anna Johansson, Interior Minister Anders Ygeman and Defense Minister Peter Hultqvist) was challenged by a vote of confidence by the opposition and a majority in the Riksdag.[8] Löfven subsequently removed Johansson and Ygeman from office, but retained Hultqvist, and the no-confidence motion against Hultqvist collapsed in September 2017 after the Centre Party and Liberals dropped their support for it.[9] The cabinet has ruled out cooperation with the Sweden Democrats.

Stefan Löfven's cabinet
Flag of Sweden.svg
53rd cabinet of Sweden
Incumbent
Stefan Löfvens regering 2014
The original Löfven cabinet outside the Stockholm Royal Palace, October 3, 2014.
Date formed3 October 2014
People and organisations
Head of stateCarl XVI Gustaf
Head of governmentStefan Löfven
Deputy head of governmentMargot Wallström (acting)
Isabella Lövin (honorary title)
Former:
Åsa Romson (honorary title, 2014–2016)
No. of ministers23
Ministers removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
5
Member partySocial Democrats
Green Party
Status in legislatureCentre-left coalition minority government
with confidence & supply from the Left Party
Opposition partyAlliance: (Moderate Party, Centre Party, Liberal People's Party, Christian Democrats)
Sweden Democrats
History
Election(s)2014 election
PredecessorReinfeldt Cabinet

Ministers

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister's Office
Prime Minister Stefan Löfven3 October 2014IncumbentSocial Democratic
Deputy Prime Minister[10]
(honorary title)
 Åsa Romson3 October 201425 May 2016Green
 Isabella Lövin25 May 2016IncumbentGreen
Minister for Strategic Development and Nordic Cooperation[11] Kristina Persson3 October 201425 May 2016Social Democratic
Minister for Government Coordination
Minister for Energy
 Ibrahim Baylan25 May 2016IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of Justice[12]
Minister for Justice
Minister for Migration and Asylum Policy
 Morgan Johansson3 October 201427 July 2017Social Democratic
Minister for Justice
Minister for Home Affairs
 Morgan Johansson27 July 2017IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Home Affairs Anders Ygeman3 October 201427 July 2017Social Democratic
Minister for Migration and Asylum Policy
Deputy Minister for Justice
 Heléne Fritzon27 July 2017IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry for Foreign Affairs[13]
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Deputy Prime Minister (Interim)
 Margot Wallström3 October 2014IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for International Development Cooperation Isabella Lövin3 October 201425 May 2016Green
Minister for International Development Cooperation
Minister for the Climate
 Isabella Lövin25 May 2016IncumbentGreen
Minister for European Union Affairs and Trade Ann Linde25 May 2016IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of Defence[14]
Minister for Defence Peter Hultqvist3 October 2014IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of Health and Social Affairs[15]
Minister for Social Security Annika Strandhäll3 October 201427 July 2017Social Democratic
Minister for Social Affairs Annika Strandhäll27 July 2017IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Public Health, Healthcare and Sports Gabriel Wikström3 October 201427 July 2017Social Democratic
Minister for Children, the Elderly and Gender Equality Åsa Regnér3 October 20148 March 2018Social Democratic
 Lena Hallengren8 March 2018IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of Finance[16]
Minister for Finance Magdalena Andersson3 October 2014IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Financial Markets
Minister for Consumer Affairs
Deputy Minister for Finance
 Per Bolund3 October 2014IncumbentGreen
Minister for Public Administration Ardalan Shekarabi3 October 2014IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of Education and Research[17]
Minister for Education Gustav Fridolin3 October 2014IncumbentGreen
Minister for Upper Secondary School and Adult Education and Training Aida Hadžialić3 October 201413 August 2016Social Democratic
 Anna Ekström13 September 2016IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Higher Education and Research Helene Hellmark Knutsson3 October 2014IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of the Environment[10]
Minister for the Climate and the Environment Åsa Romson3 October 201425 May 2016Green
Minister for the Environment Karolina Skog25 May 2016IncumbentGreen
Minister for Energy Ibrahim Baylan3 October 201425 May 2016Social Democratic
Ministry of Enterprise[18]
Minister for Enterprise and Innovation Mikael Damberg3 October 2014IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Housing and Urban Development
Minister for Digitalization
 Mehmet Kaplan3 October 201418 April 2016Green
 Per Bolund (Interim)18 April 201625 May 2016Green
Minister for Housing
Minister for Digital Development
 Peter Eriksson25 May 2016IncumbentGreen
Minister for Infrastructure Anna Johansson3 October 201427 July 2017Social Democratic
 Tomas Eneroth27 July 2017IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Rural Affairs Sven-Erik Bucht3 October 2014IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of Culture[19]
Minister for Culture and Democracy Alice Bah Kuhnke3 October 2014IncumbentGreen
Ministry of Employment[20]
Minister for Employment Ylva Johansson3 October 2014IncumbentSocial Democratic

Facts and statistics

The numbers below refer to the composition of the cabinet at its formation on 3 October 2014.

Party breakdown

Party breakdown of cabinet ministers:

18
6

December 2014 budget crisis

On 3 December, 2014, the proposed budget of the Löfven Cabinet failed in the Riksdag due to the Sweden Democrats siding with the centre-right opposition Alliance's budget. Prime Minister Löfven announced plans to call for fresh elections in March 2015.[22] However, on 27 December, the early election was cancelled after the governing parties signed an agreement with the four parties in the opposition Alliance.[23] Under the "Decemberöverenskommelsen" (December Agreement), the six parties agreed not to vote against a budget proposed by the government for the next eight years. The December Agreement fell in October 2015 when the Christian Democrats decided to leave it.[24]

Policy

The government has announced the outline of its policy on 3 October 2014. Plans included reducing unemployment to the lowest level in the EU by 2020, reducing deficits, phasing out nuclear energy, reducing emissions from fossil fuels and having a more socially liberal asylum policy.[25]

In its statement the government identified as feminist. It aims to increase gender equality, reduce the gender wage gap and introduce quota if female representation on governing boards is below 40% by 2016. It also promised to increase penalties for aggravated sexual offences.[25]

The government's foreign policy will consist of pursuing membership of the Security Council and remaining outside NATO. The government said it opposes ISIL. It was the first EU government to recognise the State of Palestine in view to "facilitate a peace agreement by making the parties less unequal",[26] resulting in that Israel the same day recalled its ambassador for consultations.[27]

2018 general election

Prime Minister Stefan Löfven lost the motion of no confidence against him and his cabinet on 25 September 2018. 142 members of parliament voted for retaining Löfven's cabinet while 204 voted against. Löfven stated in a subsequent press conference that he will not be stepping down as Social Democratic party leader and that he is willing to partake in talks regarding the formation of a new government, but insists that it is ultimately up to the Speaker of the Riksdag. Löfven also stated that he finds it completely unbelievable that the Alliance could ever form a government, if they intend on holding their promise of not co-operating with the Sweden Democrats. Löfven and his cabinet will continue to serve as a caretaker government until a new cabinet is elected.[1][28][29]

References

  1. ^ a b Olsson, Hans (25 September 2018). "Stefan Löfven (S) leder övergångsregering". Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  2. ^ http://www.thelocal.se/20141003/live-blog-lofven-cabinet
  3. ^ "Löfvens nya regering - och de frågor den ska driva". Veckans Affärer (in Swedish). 3 October 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  4. ^ "Sveriges nya regering" (in Swedish). Regeringen. 3 October 2014. Archived from the original on 4 October 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  5. ^ Grönberg, Anna (3 October 2014). "Här är Löfvens regering" (in Swedish). SVT. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Här är de nya ministrarna". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 3 October 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Sveriges nya regering (Sweden's new government)" (in Swedish). Swedish government. 3 October 2014. Archived from the original on 4 October 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  8. ^ The Alliance: We will put forward a vote of confidence against three minister (in Swedish)
  9. ^ No-confidence motion against Sweden's Defence Minister collapses as two opposition parties back out, The Local (September 14, 2017).
  10. ^ a b "Contact the Ministry of the Environment". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Prime Minister's Office". Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  12. ^ "Contact the Ministry of Justice". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  13. ^ "Margot Wallström and Isabella Lövin welcomed to the Ministry". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  14. ^ "Ministry of Defence". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  15. ^ "Ministry of Health and Social Affairs". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  16. ^ "Ministry of Finance". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  17. ^ "Contact the Ministry of Education and Research". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  18. ^ "Ministry of Enterprise". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  19. ^ "Contact the Ministry of Culture". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  20. ^ "Contact the Ministry of Employment". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Kerpner, Joachim, "Fakta om regeringen", Aftonbladet, retrieved 5 October 2014
  22. ^ The Local: Sweden's Prime Minister calls fresh election
  23. ^ "Sparar över 100 miljoner kronor". Aftonbladet.se. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  24. ^ Forsberg, Oskar (9 October 2015). "Kinberg Batra: "Överenskommelsen är upphävd"". Aftonbladet. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  25. ^ a b Prime Minister's Office, "Statement of Government Policy 3 October 2014". Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  26. ^ Margot Wallström, Minister for Foreign Affairs. "Sweden today decides to recognise the State of Palestine". Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  27. ^ Israel recalls ambassador to Stockholm after Swedens decision to recognize Palestinian state, Jerusalem Post 30 October 2014
  28. ^ "Stefan Löfven faller - röstade bort ur riksdagen". Expressen. 25 September 2018.
  29. ^ per.kudo@svd.se, Per Kudo |. ""Jag vill fortsätta tjäna vårt land som statsminister" | SvD". SvD.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-09-25.
Preceded by
Reinfeldt
Cabinet of Sweden
2014–present
Incumbent

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