Kyrgyzstan–United States relations

Kyrgyzstan – United States relations are bilateral relations between Kyrgyzstan and the United States.

Kyrgyzstan – United States relations
Map indicating locations of Kyrgyzstan and USA

Kyrgyzstan

United States

History

The U.S. government provides humanitarian assistance, non-lethal military assistance, and assistance to support economic and political reforms. It also has supported the Kyrgyz Republic's requests for assistance from international organizations. For example, the United States helped the Kyrgyz Republic accede to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in December 1998.

Following 9/11, the U.S. has increased its interest in this part of the world, leading to divisions in opinion and welcome. The US opened the Transit Center at Manas in December 2001 following the 9/11 incident. Both Russia and China were dismayed and in later years reportedly offered large bounties if Kyrgyzstan closed the base. In 2006, the President of Kyrgyzstan demanded further concessions to the agreement and in this year a US Air Force personnel officer was kidnapped (media later reported inconsistenties in this account; the USAF reconfirmed a kidnapping took place in 2012). 2006 also saw the killing of a Kyrgyz civilian wielding a knife by a US serviceman with a gun. Local Kyrgyz sentiment and media was outraged as the Kyrgyz region is plagued by lawlessness, banditry, and smuggling and the carrying or even threatening with a knife is relatively common in Kyrgyz street culture. For the Americans, still reeling and devastated from the 9/11 terrorist assault on their largest city, any forcible entry by a civilian into a military base can and is met with deadly force. The US military placed the serviceman under administrative punishment and an undisclosed financial settlement was made to the family.

Secretary Kerry Meets With Kyrgyz President Atambaev in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan (22454204010)
Secretary Kerry Meets With Kyrgyz President Atambaev in Bishkek, 2015

According to the 2012 U.S. Global Leadership Report, 34% of Kyrgyz people approve of U.S. leadership, with 43% disapproving and 23% uncertain.[1]

In July 2015, the Kyrgyzstan Ministry of Foreign Affairs ceased a bilateral cooperation treaty signed by the two countries in 1993, amidst protests by the Kyrgyz foreign ministry over the U.S. Department of State's decision to award the 2014 Human Rights Defender Award to Kyrgyz prisoner Azimzhan Askarov, a journalist and political activist who was arrested for his contributions in the 2010 South Kyrgyzstan ethnic clashes.[2] The U.S. has since warned Kyrgyzstan of the cancellation's consequences regarding the provision of humanitarian and security aid.[3] Three months later, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry visited Kyrgyzstan in an effort to ease bilateral ties.[4]

U.S. assistance aids the Kyrgyz Republic in implementing necessary economic, health sector, and educational reforms, and supports economic development and conflict resolution in the Fergana Valley.

Embassy

New U.S. Embassy Building in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan (22635276155)
The New U.S. Embassy Building in Bishkek, 2015

Principal U.S. Officials:

The U.S. Embassy in the Kyrgyz Republic is located in Bishkek.

See also

References

  1. ^ U.S. Global Leadership Project Report - 2012 Gallup
  2. ^ "Kyrgyzstan Ends U.S. Cooperation Agreement Amid Human Rights Dispute". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. July 21, 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
  3. ^ Solovyov, Dmitry (July 21, 2015). "Kyrgyzstan cancels cooperation treaty with United States". Reuters. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
  4. ^ Clark, Dave (October 31, 2015). "US smooths Kyrgyzstan ties after rights row". Yahoo! News. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved November 2, 2015.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website https://2009-2017.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5755.htm.

External links

Media related to Relations of Kyrgyzstan and the United States at Wikimedia Commons

Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs

The Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs (SCA) is an agency within the United States Department of State that is responsible for the U.S. government's relations with countries in the South and Central Asian region. The bureau is headed by the Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs, who reports to the Secretary of State through the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs. The current Acting Assistant Secretary is Alice G. Wells, incumbent since June 26, 2017.

Embassy of Kyrgyzstan in Washington, D.C.

The Embassy of Kyrgyzstan in Washington, D.C. is the diplomatic mission of The Kyrgyz Republic to the United States. It is located at 2360 Massachusetts Avenue, Northwest, Washington, D.C., in the Embassy Row neighborhood.The Ambassador is Bolot I.Otunbaev.

Foreign relations of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan favors close relations with other members of the Commonwealth of Independent States, particularly Kazakhstan and Russia.

While Kyrgyzstan was initially determined to stay in the ruble zone, the stringent conditions set forth by the Russian Government prompted Kyrgyzstan to introduce its own currency, the som, in May 1993. Kyrgyzstan's withdrawal from the ruble zone was done with little prior notification and initially caused tensions in the region. Both Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan temporarily suspended trade, and Uzbekistan even introduced restrictions tantamount to economic sanctions. Both nations feared an influx of rubles and an increase in inflation. Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan's hostility toward Kyrgyzstan was short-lived, and the three nations signed an agreement in January 1994 creating an economic union. This led to the relaxation of border restrictions between the nations the following month. Kyrgyzstan also has contributed to the CIS peacekeeping forces in Tajikistan.

Turkey has sought to capitalize on its cultural and ethnic links to the region and has found Kyrgyzstan receptive to cultivating bilateral relations. The Kyrgyz Republic also has experienced a dramatic increase in trade with the People's Republic of China, its southern neighbor. Kyrgyzstan has been active in furthering regional cooperation, such as joint military exercises with Uzbek and Kazakh troops.

In January 1999, a new OSCE office opened in Bishkek; on February 18, 2000 the OSCE announced that an additional office would open in Osh to assist Bishkek in carrying out its work. Kyrgyzstan is a member of the OSCE, the CIS, and the United Nations.

Foreign relations of the United States

The United States has formal diplomatic relations with most nations. This includes all UN member states and UN observer states other than (i) UN member states Bhutan, Iran, North Korea and Syria and (ii) the UN observer State of Palestine. Additionally, the U.S. has diplomatic relations with the European Union and Kosovo. The United States federal statutes relating to foreign relations can be found in Title 22 of the United States Code.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Kyrgyzstan

This is a list of Ambassadors of the United States to Kyrgyzstan.

Until 1991 the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic had been a constituent SSR of the Soviet Union. Upon the breakup of the USSR, the Supreme Soviet of Kyrgyzstan declared itself independent of the Soviet Union on August 31, 1991 and renamed itself the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. The United States recognized Kyrgyzstan on December 26, 1991. An embassy was established in the capital, Bishkek, on February 1, 1992, with Edmund McWilliams as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim. Relations between the United States and Kyrgyzstan have been continuous since that time.

The U.S. Embassy in Kyrgyzstan is located in Bishkek.

Bilateral relations
Diplomatic missions

Languages

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