Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska

Kusilvak Census Area, formerly known as Wade Hampton Census Area, is a census area located in the U.S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,459.[3] It is part of the Unorganized Borough and therefore has no borough seat. Its largest community is the city of Hooper Bay, on the Bering Sea coast.

The census area's per capita income makes it the fourth-poorest county-equivalent in the United States. In 2014, it had the highest percentage of unemployed people of any county or census area in the United States, at 23.7 percent.[4]

Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska
Aerial view of Tutakoke Bird Camp, Coast of the Bering Sea just south of Hooper Bay, Alaska, near Chevak, Alaska
Aerial view of Tutakoke Bird Camp, Coast of the Bering Sea just south of Hooper Bay, near Chevak, Alaska.
Map of Alaska highlighting Kusilvak Census Area

Location within the U.S. state of Alaska
Map of the United States highlighting Alaska

Alaska's location within the U.S.
Largest cityHooper Bay
 • Total19,673 sq mi (50,953 km2)
 • Land17,081 sq mi (44,240 km2)
 • Water2,592 sq mi (6,713 km2), 13.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)8,303
 • Density0.44/sq mi (0.17/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneAlaska: UTC−9/−8


The census area was originally named for Wade Hampton III, a South Carolina politician whose son-in-law, John Randolph Tucker, a territorial judge in Nome, posthumously named a mining district in western Alaska for him in 1913. The district eventually became the census area, retaining its name. Over the next century, the name became increasingly controversial, with Native residents and others arguing Hampton's name did not represent Alaska and that his personal history as a slave-holding Civil War general was a blemish on the region.[5] In July 2015, Alaska Governor Bill Walker formally notified the U.S. Census Bureau that the census area was being renamed after the Kusilvak Mountains, its highest range.[6]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the census area has a total area of 19,673 square miles (50,950 km2), of which 17,081 square miles (44,240 km2) is land and 2,592 square miles (6,710 km2) (13.2%) is water.[7]

Adjacent boroughs and census areas

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20188,303[8]11.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2018[3]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 7,028 people, 1,602 households, and 1,296 families residing in the census area. The population density was 0.35 people per square mile (0/km²). There were 2,063 housing units at an average density of /sq mi (0/km²). The racial makeup of the census area was 92.53% Native American, 4.74% White, 0.06% Black or African American, 0.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, and 2.52% from two or more races. 0.33% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.00% of the population reported speaking English at home, while 49.75% spoke Yup'ik Eskimo.[14]

In the 2006 American community survey, the Kusilvak Census Area had the largest increase in Hispanic population since 2000 with a 1572.73% increase.[15]

There were 1,602 households out of which 59.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.40% were married couples living together, 20.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.10% were non-families. Sixteen percent of all households were made up of individuals and 1.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.38 and the average family size was 4.95.

In the census area the population was spread out with 46.60% under the age of 18 (the highest such percentage among county equivalents in the United States), 9.70% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 13.10% from 45 to 64, and 5.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 20 years, making the Wade Hampton Census Area the youngest county in the United States.[16] For every 100 females, there were 109.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.70 males.

The census area's per capita income makes it one of the poorest places in the United States.



Census-designated place

Unincorporated Communities

  • Bill Moore's Slough[17]
  • Chuloonawick
  • Hamilton[18]
  • Ohogamiut

See also


  1. ^ In 1980, the United States Census Bureau divided the Unorganized Borough into 12 census areas.
  2. ^ Acquired its current name in 2015.
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  4. ^ "Labor Force Data by County, 2014 Annual Averages". U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
  5. ^ Demer, Lisa (April 25, 2015). "In Western Alaska, a push to rename district that honors slave-owning Confederate general". Alaska Dispatch News.
  6. ^ Demer, Lisa (July 2, 2015). "Wade Hampton no more: Alaska census area named for confederate officer gets new moniker". Alaska Dispatch News. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. August 14, 2017. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 3, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ G. Scott Thomas (31 August 2012). "Population extremes: The youngest and oldest places in America". The Business Journals.
  17. ^ Village of Bill Moore's Slough, National American Indian Court Judges Association
  18. ^ The History of Hamilton, Explore North

External links

Coordinates: 62°05′N 163°32′W / 62.09°N 163.53°W

Andreafsky River

The Andreafsky River is a 120-mile (190 km) tributary of the Yukon River in the U.S. state of Alaska. The Andreafsky flows south from near Iprugalet Mountain in the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge to meet the larger river at Pitkas Point, near the village of St. Mary's.In 1980, the Andreafsky and the East Fork Andreafsky rivers became part of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System. The designation covers about 265 river miles (RM) or 426 river kilometers (RK) along the two streams and their headwaters. About 198 RM (319 RK) of these flow through the Yukon Delta Wilderness; 54 RM (87 RK) cross private lands, and 13 RM (21 RK) flow through a wild-river corridor within non-wilderness refuge lands.

Andreafsky Wilderness

Andreafsky Wilderness is a wilderness area in the U.S. state of Alaska. Located within the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge, it is about 1,300,000 acres (5,300 km2) in area, and was designated by the United States Congress in 1980.

Emmonak, Alaska

Emmonak (Imangaq in Central Yup'ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 762, down from 767 in 2000.

Grant Aviation

Grant Aviation is a regional airline that serves the town of Kenai, the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Bristol Bay and the Aleutian Chain in Alaska. The airline was formed in 1971 as Delta Air Services based in Emmonak. The current owners are Bruce McGlasson and Mark "Woody" Richardson, who purchased the airline in 2004.

Hageland Aviation Services

Hageland Aviation Services was a regional FAR Part 135 airline based in Anchorage, Alaska, United States. It currently operates as the Ravn Connect component of Ravn Alaska, serving many destinations throughout Alaska.

Hooper Bay, Alaska

Hooper Bay (Naparyaarmiut in Central Yup'ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 1,093, up from 1,014 in 2000.

On August 3, 2006, a major fire destroyed approximately fifteen acres of the city including thirty-five structures, twelve homes, the elementary school, middle school, high school, teacher housing complex, stores, offices and storage shelters, leaving 70 people homeless.

Hooper Bay Airport

Hooper Bay Airport (IATA: HPB, ICAO: PAHP, FAA LID: HPB) is a state-owned public-use airport two miles (3 km) southwest of Hooper Bay, Alaska.


KCUK is a non-commercial radio station in Chevak, Alaska, broadcasting on 88.1 FM. It includes local programming, plus programming from National Public Radio and Native Voice One.

Kotlik, Alaska

Kotlik (Qerrulliik in Central Yup'ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 577, down from 591 in 2000.

Mountain Village, Alaska

Mountain Village (Asaacarsaq in Central Yup'ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska, United States, located on the Yukon River near the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. At the 2010 census the population was 813, up from 755 in 2000.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Alaska

This is a list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Alaska. There are approximately 400 listed sites in Alaska. Each of the state's 28 boroughs and census areas has at least two listings on the National Register, except for the Kusilvak Census Area, which has none.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted July 12, 2019.

Paimiut, Alaska

Paimuit is an unincorporated community in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska, United States. It was unpopulated as of 2010, down from two residents in 2000. The nearest town is Hooper Bay, Alaska. The elevation is 30 feet. Paimiut is an Eskimo name meaning, "people of the stream's mouth". The town is on the east bank of the Lithkealik River.

Pilot Station, Alaska

Pilot Station (Tuutalgaq in Central Yup'ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska, United States. The population was 568 at the 2010 census, up from 550 in 2000.

Pitkas Point, Alaska

Pitkas Point (Negeqliim Painga in Central Yup'ik) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska, United States. The population was 109 at the 2010 census, down from 125 in 2000.

Scammon Bay Airport

Scammon Bay Airport (IATA: SCM, ICAO: PACM, FAA LID: SCM) is a state-owned public-use airport located in Scammon Bay, a city in the Kusilvak Census Area of the U.S. state of Alaska.

St. Mary's, Alaska

St. Mary's (Negeqliq in Central Yup'ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska, United States. The adjacent village of Andreafsky (historically known as Clear River) joined with St. Mary's in 1980. At the 2010 census the population was 507, up from 500 in 2000. By 2016, the population was estimated to be 550.

Within Saint Mary's there are two federally-recognized tribes the Algaaciq Tribal Government and the Yuupiit of Andreafsky.

St. Mary's Airport (Alaska)

St. Mary's Airport (IATA: KSM, ICAO: PASM, FAA LID: KSM) is a public airport located four miles (6 km) west of the central business district of St. Mary's, in the Kusilvak Census Area of the U.S. state of Alaska. This airport is publicly owned by the State of Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities (DOT&PF) - Northern Region.

Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge

The Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge is a United States National Wildlife Refuge covering about 19.16 million acres (77,500 km2) in southwestern Alaska. It is the second-largest National Wildlife Refuge in the country, only slightly smaller than the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. It is a coastal plain extending to the Bering Sea, covering the delta created by the Yukon and Kuskokwim rivers. The delta includes extensive wetlands near sea level that are often inundated by Bering Sea tides. It is bordered on the east by Wood-Tikchik State Park, the largest state park in the United States. The refuge is administered from offices in Bethel.

U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt first set aside southwestern Alaska refuge lands in 1909. Other lands were added through the years until December 2, 1980, when President Jimmy Carter signed the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) into law, which created the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Reserve by consolidating existing refuges and adding additional lands. The large islands Nelson and Nunivak are also located within the refuge. In 1968, the Clarence Rhode National Wildlife Range was designated as a National Natural Landmark by the National Park Service.It is home to about 35 villages and 25,000 people, many of Yup'ik Eskimo origin and dependent on a subsistence lifestyle.

Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta

The Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta is a river delta located where the Yukon and Kuskokwim rivers empty into the Bering Sea on the west coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. At approximately 129,500 square kilometers (50,000 sq mi) in size, it is one of the largest deltas in the world. It is larger than the Mississippi River Delta (which varies between 32,400 and 122,000 square kilometers (12,500 and 47,100 sq mi)), and comparable in size to the entire U.S. state of Louisiana (135,700 square kilometers (52,400 sq mi)). The delta, which consists mostly of tundra, is protected as part of the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge.

The delta has approximately 25,000 residents. 85% of these are Alaska Natives: Yupik Eskimos and Athabaskan Indians. The main population center and service hub is the city of Bethel, with an estimated population of around 6,219 (as of 2011). Bethel is surrounded by 49 smaller villages, with the largest villages consisting of over 1,000 people. Most residents live a traditional subsistence lifestyle of hunting, fishing, and gathering. More than 30 percent have cash incomes well below the federal poverty threshold.

The area has virtually no roads; travel is by Bush plane, or by river boats in summer and snowmachines in winter.

Bethel is the location of the Yukon Kuskokwim Correctional Center.

Places adjacent to Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska
Municipalities and communities of Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska, United States
Largest cities
pop. over 25,000
Smaller cities
pop. over 2,000
Census Areas


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