Kume Island

Kume Island[1] (久米島 Kumejima, Okinawan: クミジマ Kumijima) is an island, part of the Okinawa Islands and administratively part of the town of Kumejima, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. It has an area of 59.11 square kilometres (636,300,000 sq ft).[2] The island had a population of 8,713 (2010).

Kume Island is a volcanic island. Its principal economic activities are the production of sugarcane and tourism.[3]

Kume Island
Native name:
クミジマ(Kumijima)
Kumejima
Kumejima Island 2009
Map-okinawa-pref
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates26°20′28″N 126°48′18″E / 26.34111°N 126.80500°ECoordinates: 26°20′28″N 126°48′18″E / 26.34111°N 126.80500°E
ArchipelagoOkinawa Islands
Area59.11 km2 (22.82 sq mi)
Administration
Japan
PrefectureOkinawa Prefecture
Demographics
Population8,713 (2010)

References

  1. ^ Kerama Islands. Open Coast Travel.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2011-07-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Kumejima". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2013-01-27.
Aguni, Okinawa

Aguni (粟国村, Aguni-son) is a village located in Shimajiri District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. The village occupies the entirety of Aguni Island.As of 2013, the village had an estimated population of 772 and a population density of 100 persons per km². The total area is 7.63 square kilometres (2.95 sq mi).

Aragusuku Anki

Aragusuku Ueekata Anki (新城 親方 安基, ? – 1567) was a politician and bureaucrat of the Ryukyu Kingdom. He was also known by Ufu Aragusuku (大新城), and his Chinese style name, Mō Ryūgin (毛 龍吟). His mother was a Noro. According to legend, Aragusuku was a love child of King Shō Shin.

In the summer 1555, King Shō Sei became seriously ill. The king ordered three ministers, Aragusuku Anki, Kunigami Keimei (国頭 景明, also known by Wa Imi 和 為美) and Gusukuma Shūshin (城間 秀信, also known by Katsu Kashō 葛 可昌), to assist the Crown Prince Shō Gen. But after the king's death, Kunigami and Gusukuma broke their promises and wanted to install other prince Shō Kanshin (尚 鑑心) as the new king instead of Shō Gen. They said that Shō Gen was too sickly to succeed the throne, and many ministers supported them. It made Aragusuku very angry. He stood in the audience hall, with a naginata in his hand, and said that Shō Gen was the eldest son of the Queen Umimajingani Aji-ganashi, so he should be the new king because of the primogeniture. Kunigami and Gusukuma were afraid of him and never said a word. All ministers agreed with him. Finally, Shō Gen ascended to the throne successfully. In the year 1559, Aragusuku exiled Kunigami to Kume Island and Gusukuma to Iheya Island.

Chinaha Castle

Chinaha Castle (伊敷索城, Chinaha jō), also known as Ishikinawa Castle, is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Kumejima, Okinawa, on Kume Island. It was built on a cliff to control the Shirase River.

Gushikawa Castle (Kume)

Gushikawa Castle (具志川城, Gushikawa jō, Okinawan: Gushichan Gushiku) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Kumejima, Okinawa, on Kume Island. It was built in the 15th century. The Miifugaa rock formation can be seen from the castle.

Gusukuma Shūshin

Gusukuma Ueekata Shūshin (城間 親方 秀信, 1507 – 1585), also known by his Chinese style name Katsu Kashō (葛 可昌), was a bureaucrat of the Ryukyu Kingdom.In the summer 1555, King Shō Sei became seriously ill. The king ordered three members of Sanshikan, Gusukuma Shūshin, Kunigami Keimei and Aragusuku Anki, to assist the Crown Prince Shō Gen. But Gusukuma and Kunigami broke their promises, they wanted to install Prince Shō Kanshin (尚 鑑心) instead of Shō Gen. Aragusuku stood in the audience hall with a naginata in his hand, and called on all ministers to comply with the will. Finally, Shō Gen became the new king successfully. Gusukuma and Kunigami were exiled to Iheya Island and Kume Island in 1559, respectively. They lost official position and peerage and were forbidden to come back to Shuri until their political opponent Aragusuku died 1567. He regained his peerage and was given Jana village (謝名) of Chatan magiri (北谷間切) as his new hereditary fief.

Kumejima, Okinawa

Kumejima (久米島町, Kumejima-chō, Okinawan: Kumishima) is a town located in Shimajiri District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. The town consists of the islands of Kume, Ōjima, Ōhajima, Torishima, and Iōtorishima. Among the islands, only Kumejima and Ōjima are populated. Kumejima is located approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) west of Naha. The town can be accessed by the New Kumejima Ferry, Japan Transocean Air, or Ryukyu Air Commuter. Kumejima Airport serves the island. As of 2016, the town had an estimated population of 7,647 and a population density of 120 persons per km². The total area is 63.50 km².

Kume Island is often said to be one of the most beautiful of the Okinawa Islands. It is well known for its textiles, called Kumejima-tsumugi which are designated an Important Intangible Cultural Property. The town is also known for its Kumesen Awamori (Okinawan sake) and deep sea water. Kumejima's main industries are sugar cane (sato-kibi), tourism, and deep seawater products.

Kumejima Museum

Kumejima Museum (久米島博物館, Kumejima hakubutsukan), formerly the Kumejima Centre for Nature and Culture (久米島自然文化センター), opened in 2000 in Kumejima, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. It displays exhibits relating to the natural and cultural history of Kume Island.

Kunigami Keimei

Kunigami Ueekata Keimei (国頭 親方 景明, ? – ?), also known by Urasoe Keimei (浦添 景明) and his Chinese style name Wa Imi (和 為美), was a bureaucrat of the Ryukyu Kingdom.He was father-in-law of Aragusuku Anki. In the summer 1555, King Shō Sei became seriously ill. The king ordered Kunigami Keimei, Gusukuma Shūshin and Aragusuku Anki, all of them were members of Sanshikan, to assist the Crown Prince Shō Gen. But after the king's death, Kunigami and Gusukuma broke their promises and said that Shō Gen was too sickly to succeed the throne. They suggested that Shō Kanshin (尚 鑑心), whom was the fourth son of Shō Sei and titled Great Prince Ie (大伊江王子), should be the next king. Aragusuku stood in the audience hall with a naginata in his hand, and called on all ministers to comply with the will. Finally, Shō Gen ascended to the throne. Kunigami was exiled to Kume Island and Gusukuma to Iheya Island in 1559, respectively.Both of them lost official position and peerage and were not allowed to return to Shuri until their political opponent Aragusuku died 1567. He regained his peerage and was given Urasoe magiri as his new hereditary fief.

Okinawa Islands

The Okinawa Islands (沖縄諸島, Okinawa Shotō) (Okinawan: Uchinaa, informally Churaashima "beautiful island", Kunigami: Fuchinaa) are an island group in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and are the principal island group of the prefecture. The Okinawa Islands are part of the larger Ryukyu Islands group, and are located between the Amami Islands of Kagoshima Prefecture to the northeast and the Sakishima Islands of Okinawa Prefecture to the southwest.The Okinawa Islands, apart from the main island, contain three smaller island groups: the Kerama, Yokatsu, and Iheya-Izena island groups.The Okinawa Islands are the political, cultural and population center of Okinawa Prefecture. The prefectural capital of Naha is within the island group. 90% of the population of the prefecture reside within the Okinawa Islands, primarily on the largest island of the group, Okinawa Island. Access to the various Okinawa Islands is primarily via small airports which connect to Naha Airport. Additionally, the islands are connected via ferry service to the Port of Naha in the prefectural capital.The Okinawa Islands are within the subtropical climate zone, which supports the production of sugarcane, pineapples and cut flowers. The military bases of the United States in Okinawa Prefecture are located on the Okinawa Islands.Historically the rule of the Ryukyu Kingdom, centered on Okinawa Island, consolidated the Okinawa Islands before spreading south to the Miyako and Yaeyama Islands and north to Amami Ōshima.

Shimajiri District, Okinawa

Shimajiri District (島尻郡, Shimajiri-gun, Okinawan: Shimajiri) is a district located in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Modern translation of Shimajiri means "Butt of the island" which may refer to its southerly position on the island of Okinawa. Compare this to Kunigami District, Okinawa.

However, there are hundreds of geographic references throughout Japan and even into the northern Kuriles using "shiri", to approximate the Ainu word shir, meaning island. Despite Okinawa being so far south, historically Jōmon culture was dominant as on the mainland, and words likely have survived, though their original meanings have long been lost or modified.

As of 2003, the district has an estimated population of 131,670 and the density of 464.36 persons per km². The total area is 283.55 km².

The district also includes Kume Island, the Kerama Islands, the Aguni Islands, and the Daitō Islands.

Solar eclipse of September 23, 1987

An annular solar eclipse occurred on September 23, 1987. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide. Annularity was visible in the Soviet Union (today's Kazakhstan), China (including Shanghai), southwestern Mongolia, Okinawa Islands of Japan except Kume Island and the southwestern tip of Kerama Islands, the Federal States of Micronesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Rotuma Islands of Fiji, Wallis Islands and West Samoa (the name changed to Samoa later).

Suhara Castle

Suhara Castle (塩原城, Suhara jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Kumejima, Okinawa, on Kume Island. It was built on a hill overlooking Eef beach.

Taira Shinken

Shinken Taira (平 信賢, Taira Shinken, 1897–1970) was a Japanese martial artist, born as Shinken Maezato (前里 信賢, Maezato Shinken) in 1897 on Kume island in the Ryūkyū archipelago.

Takehara An'i

Takehara Ueekata An'i (嵩原 親方 安依, 27 February 1651 – 27 October 1697), also known by his Chinese style name Mō Kenryū (毛 見龍), was a bureaucrat of Ryukyu Kingdom.

Takehara was a descendant of Aragusuku Anki. He was the third son of Aragusuku Anjū (新城 安充), and was the originator of an aristocrat family, Mō-uji Misato Dunchi (毛氏美里殿内).Takehara served as a member of sanshikan from 1690 to 1697. He was appointed

Kumejima kensha (久米島検者, "investigator of Kume Island") and sent to Kume Island in 1690, there he promulgated the memorandum, Kume-jima Kibochō (久米島規模帳). He was granted Misato magiri (美里間切, modern part of Okinawa, Okinawa) as his hereditary fief in 1697.Takehara was a son-in-law of King Shō Shitsu. He had two famous sons: the eldest son Misato Anman and the third son Tomoyose Anjō (友寄 安乗). One later became a member of sanshikan; the other plotted to overthrow Sai On together with Heshikiya Chōbin, and was executed by crucifixion.

Tatami-ishi

Tatami-ishi (畳石, Tatami-ishi), literally "tatami stones", is a geological feature in Kumejima, Okinawa, Japan. Located on the south coast of the island of Ōjima (奥武島), to the immediate southeast of Kume Island, it lies within Kumejima Prefectural Natural Park. Exposed at low tide, the feature comprises some one thousand pentagonal and hexagonal rocks, each 1 to 1.5 metres in diameter, stretching fifty metres from north to south over a length of two hundred and fifty metres. It was formed during the Miocene period by the columnar jointing of andesitic lava as it cooled and contracted. The name is derived from the resemblance to a room of close-fitted tatami mats, while the feature is sometimes also likened to a turtle's carapace. In 1967 Tatami-ishi was designated a Natural Monument by the Government of the Ryukyu Islands. With the reversion of Okinawa to Japan in 1972, it was redesignated a Prefectural Cultural Property. In 2014 an area of 29.3 ha was designated a national Natural Monument.

Tunnaha Castle

Tunnaha Castle (登武那覇城, Tunnaha jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Kumejima, Okinawa, on Kume Island. It is located in Tunnaha Forest Park.

Uegusuku Castle (Kume)

Uegusuku Castle (宇江城城, Uegusuku jō) is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Kumejima, Okinawa, on Kume Island. It was the home to the Aji of Kume Magiri before the 16th century. It is now a ruined castle.

Uezu House

Uezu House (上江洲家住宅) is a traditional Ryūkyūan home in Kumejima, Okinawa, Japan. It was the personal home of the Aji of Kume Island, built around 1750. There is a ¥300 entry fee.

Yamashina's ground gecko

Yamashina's ground gecko (Goniurosaurus yamashinae) is a gecko endemic to Kume Island in Japan.

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