Kumbharia

Kumbharia or Kumbhariya is a village in Anjar Taluka of Kutch District of Gujarat State of India. It is situated at a distance of 14  km from Anjar town, the taluka headquarters.

History

Kumbharia is one of the 18 villages founded by Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas or Mistris. These Mistri community first moved into Saurashtra from Rajasthan in the early 7th century and later a major group entered Kutch in the 12th century AD and established themselves at Dhaneti. Later in the 12th century onwards they moved between Anjar and Bhuj and founded the villages of Anjar, Sinugra, Khambhra, Nagalpar, Khedoi, Madhapar, Hajapar, Kukma, Galpadar, Reha, Vidi, Jambudi, Devaliya, Lovaria, Nagor, Chandiya, Meghpar and Kumbharia.[1] [2][3] [4][5]

These group of warriors were also talented architects and have contributed in erection of most of the historical architect of Kutch The Mistris of these villages have built and developed the infrastructure, temples, community halls, a huge pond in & around the villages in mid to late 19th century. Many of them were follower of Swaminarayan sect of Hinduism. Some of these Mistris made it big during early days of Railways construction by British during 1860-1930 and established themselves as contractors and coal mines owners in Jharia.[6]

Notable people

Many persons hailing from this small village in decades of 1860-1940 were noted as railway contractor of repute.[6] [7]

  • Mulji Jagmal Sawaria of village, who later settled in Bilaspur was given the title of Rai Sahib by British authorities for his feats in Railway construction and coal mining. Mulji Jagmal with his brother Ranchhod Jagmal Sawaria had founded Donganalla Colliery in Central Provinces and Berar in 1921.
  • Jairam Daya Chauhan of village was a noted industrialist and contractor, who is noted for building Muktidham at Nasik.
  • Jairam Valji Chauhan of village was given title of Rai Bahadur by British for his works in Railway. British named Jairamnagar Station after him.
  • Govamal Jivan Chauhan's life-sketch is noted by British in Encyclopedia of Bengal, Bihar & Orissa. He founded Golukdih and Pandibri Colliries in Dhanbad - Jharia coalfields in 1910.[6][7][8]
  • Jeram Jagmal Chauhan of village was another big time Railway contractor of village.[7]
  • Arjan Ladhha Rathod and Varjang Harji Rathod of Kumbharia had founded the Manganese Ore mines at Chaibasa and Arjan Ladhha Mines sometimes misspelled as Arjun Lodha Mines of iron and manganese at Balagoda in year 1910.[6][9][10]

Temples

Kuldevi Temples of many clans of these Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas community are also there in this village. The Kuldevi of temples of Bhawani Mata of Rathod, Brahmani Mata of Chauhan,Brahmani Mata of Vegad, Chaval Mata or Khodiyar Mata of Savaria, Chudasama, Khodiyar clans are in this village.

Further, the known Mahadev temple of Nageshwar Mahadev Temple built by founders of the village is also located within the village and so is Thakor Mandir.

Further, Swaminarayan Temple and Dharamshala are also there in village, which was originally built by famous Railway Contractor of the village, Jiwan Narayan Chauhan in 1868. It has since been further renovated and expanded.

References

  1. ^ Kutch Gujar Kshatriyas, History & names of their 18 Villages
  2. ^ Press Report after earthquake Giving details of Villages, Art & Skills of Mistris of Kutch Archived 2012-09-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Press Report on Houses, History of Mistiris of Kutch Archived 2012-12-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas Archived 2011-07-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Gurjar Kshatriyas, also known as Mistris, came to Kutch from Rajasthan. They are skilled in building construction. They first established themselves at Dhaneti and were granted 18 villages by the rulers of Kutch. They are famous designers and developers of buildings and bridges
  6. ^ a b c d Diary of Golden Days at Jharia - A Memoir & History of Gurjar Kashtriya Samaj of Kutch in Coalfields of Jharia - written by Natwarlal Devram Jethwa of Calcutta 1998.
  7. ^ a b c Nanji Bapa ni Nondh-pothi published in Gujarati in year 1999 from Vadodara.It is a diary of Railway Contracts done by KGK community noted by Nanji Govindji Tank of Jamshedpur, compiled by Dharsibhai Jethalal Tank of Tatanagar. This book was given Aank Sidhhi award by Kutch Shakti at Mumbai in year 2000.Railway Contractors from Kumbharia.
  8. ^ Encyclopaedia of Bengal, Bihar & Orissa by British Gazzeter, Year 1924-25 : Life-sketch of Govamal Jiwan Chauhan
  9. ^ Naveen Govt rejects CBI probe into mining scam
  10. ^ [1]

External links

Coordinates: 23°00′40″N 69°57′32″E / 23.011°N 69.959°E

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