Kumbharia

Kumbharia or Kumbhariya is a village in Anjar Taluka of Kutch District of Gujarat State of India. It is situated at a distance of 14  km from Anjar town, the taluka headquarters.

History

Kumbharia is one of the 18 villages founded by Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas or Mistris. These Mistri community first moved into Saurashtra from Rajasthan in the early 7th century and later a major group entered Kutch in the 12th century AD and established themselves at Dhaneti. Later in the 12th century onwards they moved between Anjar and Bhuj and founded the villages of Anjar, Sinugra, Khambhra, Nagalpar, Khedoi, Madhapar, Hajapar, Kukma, Galpadar, Reha, Vidi, Jambudi, Devaliya, Lovaria, Nagor, Chandiya, Meghpar and Kumbharia.[1] [2][3] [4][5]

These group of warriors were also talented architects and have contributed in erection of most of the historical architect of Kutch The Mistris of these villages have built and developed the infrastructure, temples, community halls, a huge pond in & around the villages in mid to late 19th century. Many of them were follower of Swaminarayan sect of Hinduism. Some of these Mistris made it big during early days of Railways construction by British during 1860-1930 and established themselves as contractors and coal mines owners in Jharia.[6]

Temples

Kuldevi Temples of many clans of these Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas community are also there in this village. The Kuldevi of temples of Bhawani Mata of Rathod, Brahmani Mata of Chauhan,Brahmani Mata of Vegad, Chaval Mata or Khodiyar Mata of Savaria, Chudasama, Khodiyar clans are in this village.

Further, the known Mahadev temple of Nageshwar Mahadev Temple built by founders of the village is also located within the village and so is Thakor Mandir.

Further, Swaminarayan Temple and Dharamshala are also there in village, which was originally built by famous Railway Contractor of the village, Jiwan Narayan Chauhan in 1868. It has since been further renovated and expanded.

References

  1. ^ Kutch Gujar Kshatriyas, History & names of their 18 Villages
  2. ^ Press Report after earthquake Giving details of Villages, Art & Skills of Mistris of Kutch Archived 2012-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Press Report on Houses, History of Mistiris of Kutch Archived 2012-12-20 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas Archived 2011-07-10 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Gurjar Kshatriyas, also known as Mistris, came to Kutch from Rajasthan. They are skilled in building construction. They first established themselves at Dhaneti and were granted 18 villages by the rulers of Kutch. They are famous designers and developers of buildings and bridges
  6. ^ Diary of Golden Days at Jharia - A Memoir & History of Gurjar Kashtriya Samaj of Kutch in Coalfields of Jharia - written by Natwarlal Devram Jethwa of Calcutta 1998.

External links

Coordinates: 23°00′40″N 69°57′32″E / 23.011°N 69.959°E

Bardoli (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Bardoli assembly constituency (બારડોલી પશ્ચિમ વિધાનસભા બેઠક) is one of the 182 assembly constituencies of Gujarat. It is located in Surat district. This seat is reserved for member of Scheduled caste.

Chabutro

Chabutro or Chabutaro or Chabutra is a structure mostly found in the villages of Gujarat in India. They are a tower-like structure with octagonal or pentagonal shaped enclosures at the top. In the upper enclosure are several holes, wherein birds can make their nests. In Gujarat these are constructed at the entrances villages, especially for use and breeding of pigeons. Inside this structure mostly pigeons reside and breed. Mostly such monuments are found in village centers or at village entrances in the Gujarat & Kutch in India. At the base of the structure a sitting platform is usually made. The base and the surrounding area of this structure serves as a gathering place for villagers and as a playing area for children.

Another type of Chabutro, which can be seen in Gujarat & Rajasthan have different design and are built only for feeding & resting place for birds & not for breeding purpose. The upper enclosure of such Chabutra are artistically craved and designed like a window of house with conical dome or Chhatri.

In English it can vaguely be defined as "Pigeon-Tower" or "Pigeon-hole-tower". Actually, Chabutaro is a word of Gujarati language. In Gujarati language Pigeon is called Kabutar. The word Chabutro has arrived from word Kabutar, since Chabutaro is specially constructed for use and breeding of Pigeons only in Gujarat, especially Kutch. People and specially ladies of Gujarat, belonging to Hindu faith, consider it auspicious to feed Pigeons. Therefore, this structure is made in villages, where pigeons can live. In early morning, you can find ladies, children and gents alike feeding grains to Pigeons below Chabutro. The Chabutaro is, therefore, usually found in villages dominated or established by Hindu, Kshatriya & Brahmin communities of Gujarat.

For example, In Kutch district of Gujarat, Chabutro can be normally found in almost all villages of Mistris, a Hindu & Kshatriya clan, who were themselves master-craftsman and specialized in such construction. For example, Chabutro at Sinugra in Kutch, the image is shown here.A famous example of Chabutro found outside Gujarat is in Chhattisgarh. Just outside Raigarh Railway Station in Chhattisgarh a huge white colored Chabutro is standing as a landmark of the town. The erection of which was done by one Shyamji Gangji Sawaria of town in 1900. He was a famous railway contractor & entrepreneur of Raigarh, founder of Shyam Talkies, who hailed from Mistri community of Kumbharia, Kutch.Chabutro can also be seen in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Here is it called Chabutra. Chabutra is Hindi language word for Chabutro. In these States of India, it is normally found within Royal Palaces or Temples. But in States other than Gujarat, the Chabutra is not made exclusively for Pigeon but used for all type of birds. Although, in Hindi a pigeon is also called Kabutar.

The word Chabutra or Chabutro is also sometimes used to indicate a sitting platform, usually under a tree or beside any water-body like lake, pond, etc. But commonly it is used to indicate the tower-like structure explained above.

Chandiya

Chandiya or Chandia is a village near the town Anjar, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Village is located 21 km from nearest town Anjar.

Devaria, Kachchh

Devaria or Devaliya or Deoria is a village in Anjar Taluka of Kutch at a distance of about 3 km from Anjar town of Kachchh District of Gujarat in India.

Galpadar

Galpadar is a village in Gandhidham Tehsil of Kutch District of Gujarat State of India. It is located at a distance of about 3 km from Gandhidham, 11 km from Anjar and 51 km from Bhuj.

Hajapar

Hajapar is a village in Bhuj Taluka of Kachchh District of Gujarat State of India. It is located at a distance of about 18 km from Bhuj. One nearby village is Reha. As per some old records & books of Mistris community Hajapar was also known as Rajapar in olden days.

J. D. C. Bytco

Jairambhai Dayabhai Chauhan Bytco better known by name J. D. C. Bytco (1885–1978) was a railway and civil contractor, industrialist and philanthropist based at Nasik.

Jairam Valjee Chouhan

Jairam Valjee Chouhan, Rai Bahadur, MBE (1892–1956), better known as Rai Bahadur Jairam Valjee, was a Kutchi railway contractor, mill-owner, miner & philanthropist, who established himself at Jairamnagar and Raigarh, India.

Jambudi

Jambudi is a village near the Bhuj, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is located at a distance of about 20 km from Bhuj Taluka and district headquarters of Kutch.

Khedoi

Khedoi is large village located 14 km from the town of Anjar and the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat. The village is sub-divided into Nani-Khedoi and Moti-Khedoi. It has a primary health centre and a major electricity processing plant. The main occupation of the villagers is agriculture.

Kukma

Kukma or Kookma is a village near the Bhuj town, taluka in Kachchh District of Indian State of Gujarat. It is located at a distance of 16 kilometers from Bhuj, the headquarters of Kachchh District.

Kumbhariya

Several places are named Kumbhariya in Gujarat, India.

Kumbhariya, Surat district, a village in Surat district of Gujarat.

Kumbharia or Kumbhariyu, a village near Anjar, Kutch district of Gujarat

Kumbhariya, Banaskantha district, a village near Ambaji, Banaskantha district of Gujarat

Kumbhariya, Surat district

Kumbhariya is a village in Choryasi taluka of Surat district in the Gujarat state of India. The name bears resemblance to another village (Kumbharia) near Ambaji in Kumbhariya, Banaskantha district and Anjar district of Kutch area of Gujarat.

Kumbhariya, officially a village with its own Gram Panchayat, is slowly burgeoning into a well-developed township. Its entry is through the Surat - Kadodara Road. Its official distance is about 10 km from Surat and is well-connected with the city by way of auto-rickshaws. It has villages like Saroli, Puna Gam, Saniya Hemad in its vicinity. It is believed that the buzzing textile market of Surat is slowly expanding into its nearby villages, including Kumbhariya. This village is very well known for its large population of NRI's.

Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas contributions to the Indian railways

The Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas (KGK) contributions to the Indian railways were widespread from the late 1850s to the latest reorganization of the Indian Railways infrastructure in 2003–2006. The community also widely known as Mistris of Kutch (or Mistry) migrated from Kutch to perform the work and were involved in the laying down of railway tracks and construction of rail bridges in almost all railway routes of undivided British India.

Lovariya

Lovariya is a village near the town Anjar, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Maund

The maund is the anglicized name for a traditional unit of mass used in British India, and also in Afghanistan, Persia and Arabia: the same unit in the Moghul Empire was sometimes written as mann or mun in English, while the equivalent unit in the Ottoman Empire and Central Asia was called the batman. At different times, and in different South Asian localities, the mass of the maund has varied, from as low as 25 pounds (11 kg) to as high as 160 pounds (72½ kg): even greater variation is seen in Persia and Arabia.In British India, the maund was first standardized in the Bengal Presidency in 1833, where it was set equal to 100 Troy pounds (82.28 lbs. av.). This standard spread throughout the British Raj. After the independence of India and Pakistan, the definition formed the basis for metrication, one maund becoming exactly 37.3242 kilograms. A similar metric definition is used in Nepal. In its southern plains one Mann equals 40 Kilograms and is generally used to measure agricultural output.

The Old English, 'maund' may also be the origin of Maundy Thursday. As a verb, 'maund' : to beg; as a noun, 'a maund' : a small basket held out for alms.

Meghpar, Anjar

Meghpar is a village in Anjar Taluka in Kutch District of Gujarat of India. It is located on Anjar to Galpadar Road. About the history of Meghpar it is one of the 18 villages founded by Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas or Mistris of Kutch. It is located at a distance of about 4 km from Taluka Headquarters Anjar. The famous Malkeshwar Mahadev Temple is located nearby. It is also known as Meghpar-Borichi.

These Mistris first moved into Saurashtra in early 7th century and later a major group entered Kutch in 12th Century & established themselves at Dhaneti. Later from 12th century onwards they moved between Anjar and Bhuj and founded the villages of Anjar, Sinugra, Khambhra, Nagalpar, Khedoi, Madhapar, Hajapar, Kukma, Galpadar, Reha, Vidi, Ratnal, Jambudi, Devariya, Lovaria, Nagor, Chandiya, Meghpar and Kumbharia.These group of warriors were also talented architects and have contributed in erection of most of the historical architect of Kutch The Mistris of these villages have built and developed the infrastructure, temples, community halls around the villages till late 19th century. Many members of Mistri community migrated out of village during the years 1850 to 1940, the early years of laying of Railway lines in British India and have now settled in various parts of India and East Africa. However, majority of old houses of Mistris with unique architect were destroyed in the earthquake of 26 January 2001.

Mulji Jagmal Sawaria

Mulji Jagmal Sawaria, Rai Saheb (1889–1956) was a noted railway contractor, miner and Kutchi businessman, who established himself at Bilaspur, India.

Vidi

Vidi can also refer to Vidi, Prince of Albania.

Vidi can also refer to Hungarian Football Team MOL Vidi FC.

Vidi or Videe or Virdee is a village near the town Anjar, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is at a distance of about 4 km from Anjar, the Taluka headquarters.

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