Kumamoto Prefecture

Kumamoto Prefecture (熊本県 Kumamoto-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu.[1] The capital is the city of Kumamoto.[2]

Kumamoto Prefecture

熊本県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese熊本県
 • RōmajiKumamoto-ken
Flag of Kumamoto Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Kumamoto Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Kumamoto Prefecture
Coordinates: 32°43′N 130°40′E / 32.717°N 130.667°ECoordinates: 32°43′N 130°40′E / 32.717°N 130.667°E
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
IslandKyushu
CapitalKumamoto
SubdivisionsDistricts: 9, Municipalities: 45
Government
 • GovernorIkuo Kabashima
Area
 • Total7,409.48 km2 (2,860.82 sq mi)
Area rank16th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total1,748,134
 • Rank23rd
 • Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-43
Websitewww.pref.kumamoto.jp
Symbols
BirdEurasian skylark (Alauda arvensis)
FlowerGentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)
TreeCamphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)

History

Historically, the area was called Higo Province; and the province was renamed Kumamoto during the Meiji Restoration.[3] The creation of prefectures was part of the abolition of the feudal system. The current Japanese orthography for Kumamoto literally means "bear root/origin", or "origin of the bear".

Geography

Map of Kumamoto Prefecture Ja
Map of Kumamoto Prefecture showing municipal boundaries
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village

Kumamoto Prefecture is in the center of Kyushu, the southernmost of the four major Japanese islands. It is bordered by the Ariake inland sea and the Amakusa archipelago to the west, Fukuoka Prefecture and Ōita Prefecture to the north, Miyazaki Prefecture to the east, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south.

Mount Aso (1592 m), an extensive active volcano, is in the east of Kumamoto Prefecture. This volcano is located at the centre of the Aso caldera.

As of 31 March 2019, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as natural parks: the Aso Kujū and Unzen-Amakusa National Parks; Kyūshū Chūō Sanchi and Yaba-Hita-Hikosan Quasi-National Parks; and Ashikita Kaigan, Itsuki Gokanoshō, Kinpōzan, Misumi-Ōyano Umibe, Okukuma, Shōtaisan, and Yabe Shūhen Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]

Cities

View from Kumamoto Castle
Kumamoto City
Hitoyoshi panorama from Hitoyoshi Castle
Hitoyoshi
Uchinomaki AsoCity 2012
Aso City

Fourteen cities are located in Kumamoto Prefecture:

Towns and villages

Toji Itsuki Village Kumamoto Japan 2009
Itsuki Village

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Demographics

The population was on 1 June 2019 at 1,748,134 inhabitants with a population density of 236 per km ². The prefecture ranks 23rd in Japan.

Economy

Tsujyunkyo-housui
Tsūjun Bridge in Yamato, Kamimashiki

There is a Honda motorcycle plant.

Tourism

Education

Universities

National

Public

Private

Transportation

Rail

Tramway

Road

Expressways and toll roads

National highways

Ports

Ferry routes

Airport

Sports

Kkwing20060513
Roasso Kumamoto franchise stadium in KKWing of Kumamoto

These sports teams are based in the prefecture:

  • Professional:
  • Amateur:
    • Kumamoto Golden Larks - regional baseball

Sister cities

Kumamoto Prefecture is the 'sister state/prefecture' of Montana in the United States.

Kumamoto has a sister city located in Texas named San Antonio, which holds an annual fall festival 'akimatsuri' for its Japanese citizens. In 2015 the mascot, 'Kumamon' visited as an honorary ambassador during the festival located at the Japanese Tea Gardens.

Notable people

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kumamoto prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 572, p. 572, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Kumamoto" in p. 572, p. 572, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  5. ^ JpopAsia. "Miku (BAND-MAID) | JpopAsia". JpopAsia. Retrieved 2018-03-11.
  6. ^ "Eiichiro Oda, Hajime Isayama Show Their Support After Kumamoto Earthquakes". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2018-03-11.

References

External links

Amakusa Airfield

Amakusa Airfield (天草飛行場) is an airport located 2.3 NM (4.3 km; 2.6 mi) northwest of Amakusa, Kumamoto, Japan, on the Amakusa Islands (IATA: AXJ, ICAO: RJDA). Locals often referred to the airfield as Amakusa Airport. It is located on the northern side of the Amakusa Islands, north west of Amakusa city. Only one airline, Amakusa Airlines, uses this airfield, in which the airline is headquartered.

Amakusa District, Kumamoto

Amakusa (天草郡, Amakusa-gun) is a district located in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan.

Following the March 27, 2006 Amakusa merger the district consists of the single town of Reihoku. After the merger, the district has an estimated population of 9,105 and a density of 135.77 persons per km². The total area is 67.06 km².

Kawashiri Station

Kawashiri Station (川尻駅, Kawashiri-eki) is a railway station of Kyushu Railway Company located in Minami-ku, Kumamoto, Japan.

The station was used as a filming location for the 2011 film "I Wish" (Kiseki) by the Japanese director Hirokazu Koreeda.

Kikuchi, Kumamoto

Kikuchi (菊池市, Kikuchi-shi) is a city located in Kumamoto Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, Japan. The city was founded on August 1, 1958.

As of March 31, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 49,455 and a population density of 180 persons per km2. The total area is 276.66 km2 (106.82 sq mi).

On March 22, 2005, Kikuchi absorbed the towns of Shichijo and Shisui, and the village of Kyokushi (all from Kikuchi District) to create the new and expanded city of Kikuchi.

Kikuchi River

The Kikuchi River (菊池川, Kikuchi-gawa) flows through the northern part of Kumamoto Prefecture, Kyūshū, Japan. The source of the river is Fukaba, Aso city near Mt. Aso at the height of 1041 metres and flows west through the Kikuchi Valley. It turns south near Kikusui and empties into the Shimabara Bay in the Ariake sea. Land reclamation is taking place at its mouth. The river has a total length of 71 km. It begins at an elevation of 1041 meters and has a catchment area of 995 km². The width of the river ranges from 24 metres to 72 metres and the current velocity and discharge varies greatly through the year, from 10 to 350 cubic metres per second.

Kuma River (Japan)

Kuma River (球磨川, Kuma-gawa) is a river in Kumamoto Prefecture, Kyūshū, Japan. It is 115 km long and has a drainage area of 1,880 km².

It is considered to be one of the three most rapid rivers of Japan (the other two being Mogami River and Fuji River).

Kuma River is a popular tourist spot. About 70,000 tourists take a ride on the river every year. The river is also used for fishing, mainly in June, and for irrigation of nearby rice fields. It then empties into the Yatsushiro Sea at Yatsushiro.

Kumamoto Airport

Kumamoto Airport (熊本空港, Kumamoto Kūkō) (IATA: KMJ, ICAO: RJFT), also known as Aso Kumamoto Airport (阿蘇くまもと空港, Aso Kumamoto Kūkō), is an airport in Mashiki, Kumamoto, Japan.

Kyushu Chūō Expressway

The Kyushu Chūō Expressway (九州中央自動車道, Kyūshū-Chūō Jidōsha-dō) is an incomplete two-lane national expressway in that crosses the island of Kyushu, namely in Kumamoto Prefecture and Miyazaki Prefecture. It is owned and operated primarily by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), but has a short section maintained and tolled by the West Nippon Expressway Company at its western terminus at the Kyushu Expressway. The route is signed E77 under MLIT's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

Matsubase Station

Matsubase Station (松橋駅, Matsubase-eki) is a railway station of Kyushu Railway Company located in Uki, Kumamoto, Japan.

Mount Aso

Mount Aso (阿蘇山, Aso-san) is the largest active volcano in Japan, and is among the largest in the world. It stands in Aso Kujū National Park in Kumamoto Prefecture, on the island of Kyushu. Its peak is 1,592 metres (5,223 ft) above sea level. Mt. Aso has a fairly large caldera (25 kilometres (16 miles) north-south and 18 km (11 mi) east-west) with a circumference of around 120 km (75 mi), although sources vary on the exact distance.

Nagasu Station

Nagasu Station (長洲駅, Nagasu-eki) is a railway station on the Kagoshima Main Line operated by JR Kyushu in Nagasu, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan.

Ogawa Station (Kumamoto)

Ogawa Station (小川駅, Ogawa-eki) is a railway station of Kyushu Railway Company located in Uki, Kumamoto, Japan.

Roasso Kumamoto

Roasso Kumamoto (ロアッソ熊本, Roasso Kumamoto) is a Japanese football (soccer) club based in Kumamoto, the capital city of Kumamoto Prefecture. Roasso Kumamoto was promoted to J2 League for the first time at the end of the 2007 season, and played their first season in 2008 where they finished 12th. Their team colour is red.

Senchō Station

Senchō Station (千丁駅, Senchō-eki) is a railway station of Kyushu Railway Company located in Yatsushiro, Kumamoto, Japan.

Shin-Yatsushiro Station

Shin-Yatsushiro Station (新八代駅, Shin-Yatsushiro-eki) is a railway station in Yatsushiro, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan, operated by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu).

Uto Station

Uto Station (宇土駅, Uto-eki) is a railway station of Kyushu Railway Company located in Uto, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. At this station the Misumi Line branches off the Kagoshima Main Line.

The station opened on January 28, 1895.

Yamaga, Kumamoto

Yamaga (山鹿市, Yamaga-shi) is a city in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1954.

On January 15, 2005, Yamaga absorbed the towns of Kahoku, Kamoto, Kaō and Kikuka (all from Kamoto District) to create the new and expanded city of Yamaga.

As of March 31, 2017, the city has a population of 53,404 and a population density of 180 persons per km2. The total area is 299.67 km2.Attractions include the Kumamoto Prefectural Ancient Burial Mound Museum.

Yatsushiro Station

Yatsushiro Station (八代駅, Yatsushiro-eki) is a railway station located in Yatsushiro, Kumamoto, Japan, operated by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu) and Hisatsu Orange Railway. The station opened on November 21, 1896.

Ōno River

The Ōno River (大野川, Ōno-gawa) is a river that originates in Ōita Prefecture, Japan. After running through the southern and central portions of Ōita Prefecture, it runs through the eastern part of Kumamoto Prefecture and the northern part of Miyazaki Prefecture.

The Hakusui Dam, constructed in 1938, stands on the river.

Shadow picture of Kumamoto PrefectureKumamoto Prefecture
Wards of Kumamoto
Cities
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