Kulgam

Kulgam is a town, administrative division, and capital of the Kulgam district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is located at a distance of 67 kilometres from the summer state capital of Srinagar. The city is divided into 16 electoral wards that has population of 23,584, of which 12,605 are males while 10,979 are females.[5]

Kulgam
Town
Kulgam is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Kulgam
Kulgam
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Kulgam is located in India
Kulgam
Kulgam
Kulgam (India)
Coordinates: 33°38′24″N 75°01′12″E / 33.64000°N 75.02000°ECoordinates: 33°38′24″N 75°01′12″E / 33.64000°N 75.02000°E
CountryIndia
StateJammu and Kashmir
DistrictKulgam
Government
 • TypeDemocracy
 • BodyGovt. of Jammu & Kashmir
Area
 • Total1,067 km2 (412 sq mi)
Elevation
1,739 m (5,705 ft)
Population
 (2011 [1])
 • Total23,584
 • Density22/km2 (57/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialUrdu , Kashmiri
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN CODE
192231 [2]
Telephone code01931 [3]
Vehicle registrationJK18 [4]
Websitehttp://kulgam.gov.in

Geography

Kulgam is located at 33°38'24" N 75°01'12" E. It has an average elevation of 1739 metres (5705 feet). Now it has become a separate district of Jammu and Kashmir. Kulgam is known for a religious saint (Sayed Simnan Sahib), who gave it the name "Kulgam" ("Kul" means "clan" in Sanskrit; "gram" in Sanskrit means "village"). Syed Simnan came from a place called Simnan in Iran. Travelling in the Kashmir valley, he came to Kulgam and liked the spot on a cliff overlooking the river Veshaw. He made Kulgam his permanent abode and was buried at the very spot which he had found fascinating. His 'aastan' is a draw from the population in and around Kulgam. [6] The family of Syed Simnan is buried in a nearby village called Amun. Both the shrines have a masonry plinth and a wooden superstructure of deodars. He was known for his mystical powers and had devotees amongst Muslims as well as Hindus.[7]

Shaikh Nur-ud-din also known as Nund Rishi, was a Kashmiri saint who belonged to the Rishi order and is also called Alamdar-e-Kashmir. Sheikh-ul-Alam as the patron saint of Kashmiris, revered by both Muslims and Hindus, was also born in a village called Kaimuh of the Kulgam distinct in 779 A.H. (AD 1377). The family of Shaikh Nur-ud-din is buried in Quimoh. The Kulgam area is the birthplace of the ancestors of Allama Iqbal (Supur village). Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's ancestors also are from Nadi Marag, a village in Kulgam. Aharbal is a tourist spot in the district of Kulgam. It is a high waterfall, which is a source of the river Veshaw. Kulgam is known as the rice bowl of the valley and is known for its variety of fruit, especially apples. [8]

This town is on the bank of river Veshaw across the spread of which are the foothills of the Pir Panchal mountains. Ahrabal has meadows and a waterfall. It has its origin from a spring called Kounsarnag located in the mountain range of Pir Panjal Range.

Kulgam was in the news regarding the recent excavation of a new archaeological site in a nearby village called Kutbal which has yielded signs of having been home to a first-century civilization as some artifacts belonging to the period of Kushana kings appeared in Kulgam district. The plateau of Kutbal was once considered a scenic city in the Kushan period. The stamped tiles, which were excavated from the site, indicated the taste and living standard of the people of first century AD. These excavations speak of high culture, civic sense, social norms and art of the people living in first century AD.

The Kutbal site and its findings, which belong to the Kushana period, are more significant in view of several religious and artistic practices that had flourished then and had travelled to far off places in the subcontinent. Further excavation has been stopped due to prevailing political unrest in valley and is believed that further findings will reveal magnificent history of Kashmir.

The old Kulgam is situated on the banks of "Kaval". The topography of Kulgam is. The lower portion is situated on the banks of Kaval, offshoot of river Vashiv. Almost all offices are functioning in this area. A scenic nullaha Vashiv irrigates the fertile lands of Kulgam area. Kulgam is called the granery of Kashmir Vally, but unfortunately this area is almost converted into agriculture to horticulture. Kulgam is famous being the first seat of missionaries of Islam as before Sayeed Ali Hamdani, he sent Sayeed Mohmmad Hussain SImnani to Kashmir to preach for Islam. Sayeed Simnani chose Kulgam as a permanent seat. It is the place where Salar Sanz father of Sheikh Noor-ud-Din wali embraced Islam and was renamed Salar ud-din, Salar resides at Khee Jogipora Mohmad pora 7 kilometres (4 mi) from Kulgam and was married to Sadder, a daughter of Kota rajas of Daderkot. It was due to the efforts of sayeed simnani this marriage took place. Kulgam is an important place in south Kashmir. Kulgam connects, and its boundaries touch, all the three districts Shopian, Pulwama, and Anantnag of south Kashmir. The topography of Kulgam is scenic, and it is surrounded on all sides by small streams 'orchards; paddy farms and a scenic Kerwaha with a big portion of plan area and fields.

Kulgam is also known for its production of Rice as well as Apples. It is also called as the "Rice Bowl Of Kashmir".

Habitation & Environment

  • The main source of livelihood in the district is Agriculture & Horticulture. The low-lying areas of Kulgam are very fertile for rice cultivation (known for best yield) so it is considered as 'Rice Bowl of Kashmir'. On the other hand, the upper areas are known for production of quality apple, Pears. Livestock and sheep rearing is a subsidiary occupation in rural population particularly in the upper areas. [9]
  • The District Kulgam is covered by mighty & majestic Pir Panjal mountain range on the north west side acting as a massive topographical protection. The area is significantly covered in forestation.

Sight Seeing

Town Kulgam is situated at a distance of about 68 km from Srinagar and about 17 km from Anantnag. It has road connectivity with its neighboring districts like Shopian, Pulwama, Anantnag and Ramban etc. and Town besides being linked with far flung areas of the District by a dependable road network. Besides places of spiritual interest the district has tourist spots like ‘’Ahrabal water fall’’ on Veshev Nallah,Amnoo Eid Gah which is a place of sight-seeing in the extreme south-west of district Kulgam. , Kongwattan and Gurwattan ahead of Ahrabal, Charenbal and Nandimarg high land pastures are also places of tourist attraction apart from virgin meadows in the area from Kund to Ladigasan (ahead of Aherbal clefts). The District also has super abundance of natural water resources in the shape of various famous springs such as, Kounsernag ( ahead of Aherbal ), Waseknag (Kund), Khee Nag( Khee Jogipora), etc.

Political Status

Kulgam district has 4 assembly constituencies: Noorabad, Kulgam, Homshailibugh, and Devsar.[3] The parties of the current members of the legislative assembly (MLAs) are: Indian National Congress (INC) for Devsar, Jammu and Kashmir National Conference (JKNC) for Homshailibugh, Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) for Noorabad, and the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM) for Kulgam..

Homshallibugh j&K[clarification needed] 39th assembly segment has three municipal towns – Frisal, Yaripora, and Qaimoh – which are also tehsil headquarters. Yaripora is an education and health block, while Qaimoh is agriculture as well as education and health blocks. Frisal is a community development block.

Road facility

Kulgam has following roads connecting it to various assembly segments and with NH1A (Major District Roads)

  • Anantnag-Ashmuji-brazloo-Kulgam Main Road
  • Kulgam-Chawalgam-Muhammad Pra - Shopian Road
  • Wanpoh-Qaimoh-Kulgam Road
  • NH1A Mirbazar to Kulgam via Akhran, Hablishi, Kilam , Pirpora & brazloo
  • Qaimoh-Kadder-Shopian Road
  • Arwani-Frisal-Yaripora-kulgam Road
  • Qazigund-Devsar-Pahloo-brazloo-Kulgam Road
  • Kulgam-Shopian Road
  • Kulgam-Nehama-Aharabal Road
  • Kulgam-Damhal—Aharabal Road
  • Kulgam-Damhal- Aharabal Road
  • Kulgam-Ardigatnoo-Laisoo Road
  • Kulgam-Laisoo-Damhal Hanjipora Road

Health facilities

  • District Hospital at Kulgam
  • Sub district hospitals at Yaripora and Damhall.
  • 24x7 Emergency Hospital Qazigund [Medically some areas of Qazigund are under Kulgam]
  • PHCs at Frisal, Qaimoh, Bugam, Pahloo, Devsar, Behibagh Mohammad Pora, Katrsoo, Kilam, Akhran, GB Khalil, KB-pora etc. [10]

Education establishments

Schools

  • Al Sarwat Convent School Khuribata-Pora
  • Alamdar Memorial institute
  • Al-Rashid Convent School Kilam
  • Govt. Boys Higher Secondary school Ashmuji
  • Govt Boys Model Higher Secondary School Kulgam, 192231
  • Govt. Degree college, Kulgam
  • Govt Girls Model Higher Secondary School Kulgam, 192231
  • Govt. High School- Aahdipora, Amnoo
  • Govt. High School Chambagund
  • Govt. Higher Secondary School, Manzgam and K. B. Pora
  • Govt, Higher Secondary school, Nehama kulgam
  • Govt. Middle School, Brazloo
  • Govt. Middle School, Checkpora
  • Govt. Middle School, Laisoo Kulgam
  • GQ Public School, Upper Qaimoh Kulgam
  • International Islamic Research School (IIRS), Muhammad Pora Pvt.
  • Islamia Public School Kilam
  • Islamiya Simnaniya Higher Secondary School
  • Islamiya Simnaniya Middle School, Amnoo
  • Leeds Convent School, Kulgam (Private School)
  • Maroofia Public English Medium School, Srandoo (MPEMS Srandoo)
  • Modern English Medium Secondary school Ashmuji
  • Modern institute of Education,(MiE) Chambagund
  • Mohammad Salfia Institute Manzgam
  • Msm Iqbal Educational Institute, Yarikhah
  • Noor Study Circle, Hablishi ( Private High School)
  • Opinawaz kulgam
  • Public English Medium School, Bhan
  • Red Jewels Educational Garden, Brazloo (Private School)
  • Rose Garden School Kilam
  • Sunshine National School, Kulgam (Private School)
  • Syed Hadaitullah Hanfia school, Chambagund
  • TIAI Kanipora

Colleges

  • Al-Hilal Yateem trust, Chawalgam
  • Govt. Degree college Frisal
  • Govt. Degree college Kilam
  • Govt. Degree college Kulgam
  • Govt. Polytechnic College, Kulgam
  • Industrial ITI, Chawalgam
  • Industrial ITI, KB Pora Noorabad Kulgam

References

  1. ^ "Kulgam Population Census 2011". census2011.co.in. 2011 Census of India.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 August 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Kulgam, Srinagar, JK - STD Code: 01931".
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 November 2016. Retrieved 24 November 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "2018 Municipal Polls In Brief". kashmirlife.net. Kashmir Life. 24 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Kulgam - Dc Msme" (PDF). dcmsme.gov.in. Department of Electronics and Information Technology.
  7. ^ "District Kulgam, Government of Jammu and Kashmir,Picturesque place nestling on the bank of river Veshaw". kulgam.nic.in. District Kulgam, Government of Jammu and Kashmir.
  8. ^ "Kulgam District Profile". diragrikmr.nic.in. Department of Agriculture Kashmir.
  9. ^ "Kulgam District Profile". diragrikmr.nic.in. Department of Agriculture Kashmir.
  10. ^ "Complete Detail Of Health Institutions In Kulgam District". jkhealth.org. Department of Health and Medical Education.
2006 Kulgam massacre

2006 Kulgam massacre was the killing of nine Nepalese and Bihari labourers and a Muslim Kashmiri Indian Army soldier by Hizbul Mujahideen militants in a broad daylight near Yaripora in Kulgam area of Anantnag district in Kashmir on 12 June 2006.

Aharbal

Aharbal, also known as "Niagara Falls of Kashmir", is a hill station in the south-western part of Kashmir Valley in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, south of the state capital Srinagar (tehsil: Damhal Hanjipora, district: Kulgam). The place is quite peaceful and suitable for expeditions, trekking, photography, and fishing. Due to mesmerising look of meadows, pine and fir tree forests, the abutting snow clad mountains, the waterfall attracts every year a large number of tourists, from India as well as elsewhere.

Anantnag (Lok Sabha constituency)

Anantnag Lok Sabha constituency is one of the six Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Jammu & Kashmir state in northern India.

Damhal Hanji Pora

Damhal Hanji Pora also called as D.H.Pora is a town and a notified area committee in Kulgam district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is one of the seven administrative blocks of the Kulgam district.

Devsar, Jammu and Kashmir

Devsar (or Divasar) is a town and aTehsil Headquarter notified area committee in Kulgam district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is one of the seven administrative blocks of the Kulgam district.

It is also the headquarter of 9th battalion of rashtriya rifles(RAJPUTANA RIFLES).

Kalhan has also mentioned about devsar in his book rajtarangni

Government Degree College, Kulgam

The Government Degree College,Kulgam (Urdu;گورنمنٹ ڈگری کالج کُلگام) also known as GDC Kulgam is the University of Kashmir affiliated autonomous co-educational degree college located in Kulgam in the Indian administrated state of Jammu and Kashmir.It is one of the premier learning of higher education in South Kashmir.The college is recognized by the University Grants Commission, under sections 2(f) and 12(b) of UGC Act, 1956.

Indian Army operations in Jammu and Kashmir

Indian Army operations in Jammu and Kashmir include security operations such as Operation Rakshak (Protector) and Operation Sarp Vinash. Other operations include humanitarian missions such as Operation Megh Rahat and operations with a social aim such as Operation Goodwill and Operation Calm Down.

Kashmir Valley

The Kashmir Valley, also known as the Vale of Kashmir, is an intermontane valley in the portion of the Kashmir region administered by India. The valley is bounded on the southwest by the Pir Panjal Range and on the northeast by the main Himalayas range. It is approximately 135 km long and 32 km wide, and drained by the Jhelum River.Kashmir division is one of the three administrative divisions of the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kashmir division borders Jammu Division to the south and Ladakh to the east while Line of Control forms its northern and the western border. The division consists of the following districts: Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Bandipore, Ganderbal, Kupwara, Kulgam, Pulwama, Shopian and Srinagar.

Kausar Nag

{{Infobox lake

| name = Kausar Nag

| lake =

| pushpin_map = India Jammu and Kashmir#India

| pushpin_label_position =

| pushpin_map_alt =

| pushpin_map_caption = Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India

| location = [[Kulgam]h], Kashmir Division of J&K, India

|coords = 33°30′44″N 74°46′08″E

|type = Oligotrophic lake

|inflow = Melting of snow

|outflow = A tributary of Veshaw River

|length = 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)

|width = 0.9 kilometres (0.56 mi)

|elevation = 3,500 metres (11,500 ft)

|frozen = November to July

}}

Kausar Nag or Kausarnag (sometimes alternatively spelled as Konsarnag), is a high-altitude oligotrophic lake located in the Pir Panjal Range in the Kulgam District's Noorabad of Kashmir.The lake is roughly 2 miles long and half a mile at the widest point. The trek to Kausarnag is via the famous waterfall of Aharbal. The lake is located in a valley that is surrounded by peaks on all sides with elevation in excess of 4000 metres above sea level.Kausar nag has an elevation of 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) above sea level.

Kulgam district

Kulgam District is a district of the state of Jammu and Kashmir of India. The name is from Sanskrit, kul for 'clan' and gram for 'village'. The district contains the block, tehsil and town of Kulgam.

Mohammed Yousuf Tarigami

Mohammed Yousuf Tarigami (Urdu: محمد يوسف تاریگامی‎) is an Indian politician and the Communist Party of India (Marxist) Jammu and Kashmir state committee secretary. He represents the Kulgam constituency in the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly. He started as a student leader at Anantnag College. He won the seat for the Kulgam constituency in 1996, 2002, 2008 and 2014.

Pahloo

Pahloo is a town and a notified area committee in Kulgam district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir.

Qaimoh

Qaimoh (also known as Quaimoh, Kaimoh and Kah moh) is a block, a town and a notified area committee in Kulgam District in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is four miles to the west of Anantnag and six miles to the north of Kulgam District. It is 55 km to the south of Srinagar city. Qaimoh is one of the largest blocks in Jammu and Kashmir.

Qazigund

Qazigund, is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Qazigund is located at 33.59°N 75.16°E / 33.59; 75.16. It has an average elevation of 1670 m (5478 feet) above mean sea level.

Qazigund railway station

Qazigund railway station lies on Northern Railway network zone of Indian Railways. It is the main transport hub for the people of Qazigund.

Quimoh

Quimoh is a town situated between two districts, Kulgam district and Anantnag district, towards North of Dachnipora located in Jammu and Kashmir state of India. The distance between Kulgam and Quimoh is 11 KM where its headquarters are located. It is bounded by Devsar towards west, Anantnag city towards East, Qazigund town towards South, and Kulgam city towards west.

Sheikhgal

Sheikhgal or Watali is an unclassified Indo-Aryan language of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Its speakers, the formerly nomadic Watals, are found throughout Kashmir, particularly in the districts of Srinagar (Parimpora, Nowhatta, Dargah, Natipora, Hawal), Baramulla (Bandipora, Khawja Bagh, Sopore and Tangmarg), Pulwama (Lolaab and Lassipora) and Kupwara (Kanthpora, Kulgam, Haihama, Magam, Handwara, Tarathpora). Among its speakers the language is also known as Opedigal or Phiri kathi.Although attitudes towards the language are generally negative, the community is compact and Sheikhgal is the dominant language within the home. However, in other domains (market, workplace etc.) the language of wider communication Kashmiri is the preferred choice, even with other speakers of Sheikhgal. Within the family, there is a slight shift away from using Sheikhgal (85% of those interviewed by Mullick speak Sheikhgal with their spouses but only 69% do so with their children).

Veshaw River

The Veshaw River or Nallah Veshaw is a major tributary to the River Jhelum located in Kulgam District in the Kashmir Valley in the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. It originates in the Pir Panjal Range and forms a waterfall at Aharbal.In year 2014 flash floods, Veshaw Nallah washed away various residential houses in villages Laisoo,Ardigatno, Gund Kelam Kulgam etc. Also hundreds of square kannals(area) of horticultural as well as agricultural land washed away in Village Laisoo Kulgam.The Veshaw Nallah is considered one of the dangerous tributary of Jehlum River because fast flow and frequent flash floods.

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