Kula, Hawaii

Kula is a district of Maui, Hawaii, that stretches across the "up-country", the western-facing slopes of Haleakalā, from Makawao to Ulupalakua. Most of the residential areas lie between about 500 to 1,100 m (1,600 to 3,600 ft) in elevation. The district has traditionally been where full-time residents prefer to live, as distinct from the generally hotter and busier, more tourism-oriented towns near sea level, such as Kihei and Lahaina. The population of the census-designated place (CDP) at the 2010 Census was 6,452.

Description

Historic Mokus of Maui Map (Kula)
The ancient district of Kula.

Kula roughly extends from Haleakala Highway (Hawaii Route 37) in the north to Keokea in the south—a distance of about 16 miles around 20°47′32″N 156°19′37″W / 20.79222°N 156.32694°WCoordinates: 20°47′32″N 156°19′37″W / 20.79222°N 156.32694°W.[1] The largely rural area known as Upper Kula includes the region up-slope from Lower Kula, the more densely populated area spread along the Kula Highway.

The word Kula means "open meadows" in the Hawaiian language.[2] On Maui, Kula is one of the island's 12 foundation districts of ancient Hawaii called moku.[3] Generally, Kula is a zone of arid earth with open country slopes between the inhabited and productive shoreline areas and the densely forested zone higher on the mountain.

The Kula district is the island's largest, extending from dry coastal areas to the wetter high pasture lands of three major ranches (Haleakala, Erewhon, and Ulupalakua) that cap the region about halfway up the slopes of Haleakala. It laterally extends from Keokea to near Makawao where the rainforest of East Maui once began.

In leeward areas, away from the prevailing moist tradewinds—called the rain shadow of Haleakala—the lower portion of Maui consists of a broad, arid expanse where little cultivation of the earth is possible. This zone consists of dry, desert-like open range just inland from the sea in artificially irrigated Kihei, and is covered with kiawe trees to an elevation of about 1,000 feet on the volcano's slopes.

Between this zone and the upper reaches of the hillsides, especially up steep Waipoli and Poli Poli Roads, broad, are open areas for vegetable and fruit crops. The moderate climate often yields as many as three or four harvests per year.

When the territorial legislature first set up the political design in 1906, they decreed only two levels of government: state and county. Consequently, Hawaii's towns do not have specific boundaries or "city limits." There are also no official district boundaries for Maui County elections.[4]

Upper Kula

The twisty Haleakala Highway, from its junction with Kula Highway in Pukalani, loosely defines the northern edge of Upper Kula. The upper road (Kekaulike Avenue), also known as State Highway 377, leads up through usually green pastures, silver eucalyptus tree groves (and blue jacaranda trees in late spring), contrasting to the sugarcane below. Where the road beyond Kula Lodge makes an abrupt upward tack to Haleakala National Park, the area known as Upper Kula surrounds Kekaulike Avenue. In less than five miles it descends the slope to rejoin the Kula Highway near Rice Park and heads south to Keokea.

There is little commercial development along Kekaulike except Kula Botanical Garden and Aliʻi Kula Lavender Farm. Vegetable and flower gardens surround the meandering highway as farmers take advantage of the area's unique combination of open space, good soil, moisture-laden clouds and filtered tropical sun.

New homes dot the area, taking advantage of the moderate weather and bi-coastal views of the isthmus below.

In Keokea, the Kula Hospital sits on the hillside above the road. Originally a tuberculosis treatment sanatorium built in 1909, Kula Hospital now serves the community as a critical access hospital.

The southern edge of Kula had a once-flourishing Chinese community that numbered over 700 immigrant workers and farmers. While the area is now more mixed, Keokea is still home to a pair of Chinese family-owned stores and a service station as well as a boutique coffee-shop.

At 2,400 feet (730 m), a mile or so beyond Keokea, between mile markers 18 and 19 on the Kula highway (aka Highway 37), is the county park dedicated to Maui's former resident, Sun Yat-sen, called the "father of modern China." He grew up in the area in the late 19th century living with his brother Sun Mei (孫眉). He led the revolution that ended China’s last dynasty and established the Republic of China in 1912.[5][6][7][8][9]

Just as upcountry residents visit the seashore, residents near the shore sometimes visit Upper Kula to enjoy cooler temperatures that may require a fireplace in winter. A popular saying is "It's cooler in Kula".[10]

Lower Kula

Lower Kula lies between about 1,200 and 2,800 feet of elevation along the western flank of Haleakalā, the dormant volcano that dominates the island's landscape and is the foundation of Kula’s backdrop.

Communities along the old Lower Kula Road with names like Pulehu, Waiakoa, Omaopio and Keokea each have unique history of ethnic settlement. In the late 19th century, Portuguese and Chinese immigrants, who fulfilled labor contracts with the sugarcane plantations, moved to this area. Later, Japanese farmers moved into the area for its fertile earth.

These farmers have been producing vegetables ever since. In fact, during the California gold rush the farmers in Kula shipped so many potatoes that it was nicknamed "Nu Kaleponi," a Hawaiian pronunciation of "New California."

That farming tradition continues today, even among the gentlemen farmers and their farms that have sprung up in the past two decades. Kula grows its well-known onions, lettuce, potatoes, jicama, tomatoes, carrots, cauliflower and cabbage. It is also a major source of cut flowers for the state. Most of Hawaii's proteas, as well as nearly all the carnations used in leis, come from Kula.

Lower Kula encompasses the areas around Lower Kula Road, the old county road that once spanned the region before Kula Highway was finished in 1964. The old meandering road crosses the straight modern highway several times between Pukalani and Keokea.

Even after nearly 50 years, there are few businesses along the highway, while the old road has the usual establishments that serve rural communities, including historic churches. Holy Ghost Catholic Church has a unique octagonal shape and hand-carved altar. Its turret is a landmark on the slopes of Haleakala, visible from much of Central Maui below. It was constructed in 1894 by Portuguese immigrants.

In the past decade, the lush views and cooler climate of Lower Kula have drawn a new type of resident. Agricultural lands are carved up for "gentleman estates" with large homes. Clusters of homes around old Lower Kula Road are becoming denser.

The major limit on the further development in the whole Kula area is the significant lack of water. This basic resource is key to the sustainability of the area. The Upcountry Community Plan gives highest priority to the water supply of agriculture and the Hawaiian Homelands project.[11]

Climate

There are many micro-climates created by the combined effects of elevation, rain shadow, and land contour. Much of the west slopes of East Maui are dry or semi-desert due to a rain shadow effect: the prevailing trade-winds are from the north-east and east and Kula is in the "shadow" of these winds. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Kula is the coolest place in Hawai'i, as defined by having the lowest average annual temperatures (average low temperature: 55.7° F and average low temperature during coldest month, February: 52.6° F).[12] At the higher elevations and at night, especially in winter, temperatures dip into the 40s or high 30s (°F). Frosts are virtually unknown except at much higher elevations (7,000 ft or 2,100 m) on Haleakala.

There is a distinctive weather feature known as the "Maui vortex". A wind vortex forms as the trade-winds pass around the north-west corner of Haleakala (over Pukalani) and blow southward down the central valley of Maui over Maalaea Bay and then circle back up-slope over Kihei bringing a "lei of clouds" late most mornings over Kula. Around sunset, the downward breezes from the summit wipe out these clouds.

Kula displays a warm summer Mediterranean Climate (Köppen climate classification Csb)

Land use

Kula has a strong agricultural and ranching tradition, the latter on the lands above the residential areas. Indeed, there is frequent reference in Makawao (which means "edge of the forest") to a paniolo (cowboy) ambiance that derives from this ranching activity.

The Maui onion mostly grows at the lower levels of Kula (below Highway 37). It is also known for its persimmons that ripen during the fall; many are located in the Pulehuiki area. Other produce grown in Kula includes lettuce, cabbage, and herbs. Kula is also known for the many varieties of protea grown for commercial sale.

Notable residents

Points of interest

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kula Division
  2. ^ Pukui and Elbert (2003). "lookup of". on Hawaiian dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
  3. ^ Pukui and Elbert (2004). "lookup of kula". on Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2012-07-19. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
  4. ^ "Which Council member has been elected from my residency area?". official web site. Maui County. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
  5. ^ KHON web staff (June 3, 2013). "Chinese government officials attend Sun Mei statue unveiling on Maui". KHON2. Honolulu. Archived from the original on August 22, 2017. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  6. ^ "Sun Yat-sen Memorial Park". Hawaii Guide. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  7. ^ Wood, Paul (November–December 2011). "The Other Maui Sun". Maui Magazine. Wailuku, Hawaii. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  8. ^ Kubota, Gary (August 20, 2017). "Students from China study Sun Yat-sen on Maui". Star-Advertiser. Honolulu. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  9. ^ "Sun Yet Sen Park". County of Maui. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  10. ^ Wayne Smith (September 27, 2007). "Upper Kula Really is Cool". Maui Weekly. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved January 13, 2010.
  11. ^ Wayne Smith (August 23, 2007). "Lower Kula". Maui Weekly. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2010.
  12. ^ "The coldest town in every state". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2018-11-11.
  13. ^ "Hannibal Tavares services Friday". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. 1998-01-21. Retrieved 2013-08-26.

External links

Alice Louise Judd Simpich

Alice Louise Judd Simpich (1918–2006), also known as Awee Simpich and as Alice Louise Judd ‘Awee’ Simpich was an American sculptor. She was born in Honolulu on March 1, 1918, and graduated from Sarah Lawrence College in 1940. Simpich is best known for her sensitive portrait busts. In addition to being a sculptor, she was an active member and supporter of the Maui Humane Society. Simpich died at age 87 on January 21, 2006. Her carved stone portrait bust Head of a Young Woman, ca. 1953 is installed in the John Dominis and Patches Damon Holt Gallery of the Honolulu Museum of Art.

Channel 17 low-power TV stations in the United States

The following low-power television stations broadcast on digital or analog channel 17 in the United States:

K17AF in Delta Junction, Alaska

K17BA-D in Yreka, California

K17BN-D in Needles, California

K17BV-D in Redwood Falls, Minnesota

K17CA-D in Carson City, Nevada

K17CG-D in Ukiah, California

K17CL-D in Pahrump, Nevada

K17CM in Duncan, etc., Arizona

K17DA-D in Lake Havasu City, Arizona

K17DF-D in Crowley Lake, California

K17DG-D in Rural Summit County, Utah

K17DL-D in Branson, Missouri

K17DM-D in Myton, Utah

K17DS-D in Clarendon, Texas

K17DT-D in Elko, Nevada

K17DU-D in Christmas Valley, Oregon

K17ED-D in Payette, Idaho

K17EM in Roswell, New Mexico

K17EU-D in Holyoke, Colorado

K17EV-D in Omak, Washington

K17EZ-D in Rogue River, Oregon

K17FA-D in Willmar, Minnesota

K17FB in Ardmore, Oklahoma

K17FE in Wadena, Minnesota

K17FF in Modena, etc., Utah

K17FK-D in Montoya & Newkirk, New Mexico

K17FQ-D in Fremont, Utah

K17FR-D in Walker Lake, Nevada

K17FU-D in Marshfield, Missouri

K17FY in Eureka, Nevada

K17GC-D in Pitkin, Colorado

K17GD-D in Paso Robles, California

K17GE-D in Dove Creek, etc., Colorado

K17GJ in Twentynine Palms, California/Joshua Tree, California

K17GK-D in Arlington, Oregon

K17GL in Uvalde, Texas

K17GQ in Kodiak, Alaska

K17GR in Kula, Hawaii

K17GT-D in Price, Utah

K17GV-D in Rainier, Oregon

K17GZ in Harper, Texas

K17HA-D in Astoria, Oregon

K17HB-D in Winnemucca, Nevada

K17HE-D in Susanville, etc., California

K17HG in Grand Forks, North Dakota

K17HI-D in Amarillo, Texas

K17HM-D in Wendover, Utah

K17HQ-D in Hatch, Utah

K17HR-D in Emery, Utah

K17HT-D in Hanksville, Utah

K17HV-D in Tropic/Cannonville, Utah

K17HW-D in Green River, Utah

K17HX-D in Minersville, Utah

K17HY-D in Ridgecrest, etc., California

K17IA-D in Escalante, Utah

K17ID-D in Cherokee & Alva, Oklahoma

K17IE-D in Navajo Mountain Scho, Utah

K17IF-D in Oljeto, Utah

K17IG-D in Hoehne, Colorado

K17IH-D in Montezuma Creek-Anet, Utah

K17II-D in Logan, Utah

K17IL-D in Ellensburg, etc., Washington

K17IP-D in Huntsville, etc., Utah

K17IZ-D in Everett, Washington

K17JA-D in Basalt, Colorado

K17JC-D in Orderville, Utah

K17JD-D in Mount Pleasant, Utah

K17JE-D in Mayfield, Utah

K17JF-D in Bluff, etc., Utah

K17JG-D in Ferndale, etc., Montana

K17JH-D in Mexican Hat, etc., Utah

K17JI-D in Fresno, California

K17JJ-D in Cortez, Colorado

K17JK-D in Cane Beds, Arizona/Hildale, Utah

K17JN-D in Enid, Oklahoma

K17JP-D in Big Timber, etc., Montana

K17JQ in St. George, Utah

K17JR-D in Lewiston, Idaho

K17JS-D in Philipsburg, Montana

K17JT-D in Fishlake Resort, Utah

K17JW-D in Romeo, Colorado

K17JZ-D in Bondurant, Wyoming

K17KB-D in Belgrade, etc., Montana

K17KC-D in Meeteetse, Wyoming

K17KD in Lucerne Valley, California

K17KF-D in Cambridge, Idaho

K17KR-D in Winthrop, Washington

K17KU-D in Saco, Montana

K17KW-D in Gettysburg, South Dakota

K17KX-D in Anton, Colorado

K17KZ-D in Harlowton, etc., Montana

K17LB-D in Perryton, Texas

K17LM-D in Yuma, Arizona

K17MB-D in Circleville, Utah

K17MC-D in Caineville, Utah

K17MI-D in Eads, etc., Colorado

K17MJ-D in San Antonio, Texas

K17MK-D in Elk City, Oklahoma

K17MV-D in Richfield, etc., Utah

K17MW-D in St. James, Minnesota

K17MY-D in Jackson, Minnesota

K17NF-D in Brookings, South Dakota

K17NJ-D in Rockaway Beach, Oregon

K17OB-D in Plevna, Montana

K40FJ in Midland, Texas

K41JT-D in Kilauea Military Camp, Hawaii

K42IN-D in Enterprise, Utah

K46GL-D in Red River, New Mexico

K47FX-D in Carlsbad, New Mexico

K47MI-D in Frost, Minnesota

K47OQ-D in Alexandria, Minnesota

K48EG-D in Arlee, Montana

K48MB-D in Thompson Falls, Montana

K50GU-D in Poplar, Montana

K50HU-D in Flagstaff, Arizona

KABH-CD in Bend, Oregon

KAID in Idaho City, Idaho

KAID in Cascade, Idaho

KCRP-CD in Corpus Christi, Texas

KDAO-CD in Marshalltown, Iowa

KEEN-CD in Las Vegas, Nevada

KGLU-LD in Ottumwa, Iowa

KHJL-LD in Rapid City, South Dakota

KIDU-LD in Brownwood, Texas

KKTM-LP in Altus, Oklahoma

KLDF-CD in Lompoc, California

KMOL-LD in Victoria, Texas

KODG-LP in Palm Springs, California

KPTS in Wichita, Kansas

KQTI-LD in Ogden, Utah

KSBB-CD in Santa Barbara, California

KVAT-LD in Austin, Texas

KWMS-LP in West Monroe, Louisiana

KWSU-TV in Spokane, Washington

KXVU-LP in Chico, California

KYTL-LD in Twin Falls, Idaho

KZCO-LD in Denver, Colorado

W17CT-D in Manteo, North Carolina

W17DF-D in Muskegon, Michigan

W17DG-D in Miami, Florida

W17DL-D in Toa Baja, Puerto Rico

WALE-LD in Montgomery, Alabama

WBEH-CD in Miami, Florida

WBKH-LP in Port Charlotte, Florida

WBXZ-LP in Buffalo, New York

WDYI-LD in Macon, Georgia

WEWA-LD in Wewahitchka, Florida

WGBD-LD in Green Bay, Wisconsin

WHRT-LP in Sebring, Florida

WISH-TV in Indianapolis, Indiana

WJMB-CD in Butler, Pennsylvania

WKTD-CD in Portsmouth, Virginia

WLIG-LP in Plainview, etc., New York

WNMF-LD in Morristown, New Jersey

WODH-LD in Gainesville, Florida

WOIW-LD in Lima, Ohio

WPGF-LD in Memphis, Tennessee

WUMN-LD in Minneapolis, Minnesota

WUVG-DT in Athens, Georgia

WXMI in Battle Creek, Michigan

WXOB-LP in Richmond, Virginia

WXVT-LD in Cleveland, Mississippi

WYTU-LD in Milwaukee, WisconsinThe following low-power stations, which are no longer licensed, formerly broadcast on digital or analog channel 17:

K17ET in Cedar Rapids, Iowa

K17LN-D in Gold Beach, Oregon

KETM-LP in Emporia, Kansas

KLHO-LP in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

KMPH-CA in Merced-Mariposa, California

WAZE-LP in Evansville, Indiana

Channel 19 low-power TV stations in the United States

The following low-power television stations broadcast on digital or analog channel 19 in the United States:

K19AA-D in Altus, Oklahoma

K19AU-D in Omak/Okanogan, etc., Washington

K19BK-D in Lakeview, Oregon

K19BT in Lucerne Valley, California

K19BU-D in Pahrump, Nevada

K19BY-D in Grangeville, etc,, Idaho

K19CE in Montrose, Colorado

K19CG-D in Belle Fourche, South Dakota

K19CM-D in Farmington, New Mexico

K19CV-D in Redwood Falls, Minnesota

K19CX in Yuma, Arizona

K19CY-D in Rockland, Idaho

K19DI-D in Crowley Lake - Long, California

K19DO in Modena/Beryl, etc., Utah

K19DQ-D in Montpelier, Idaho

K19DS-D in Pitkin, Colorado

K19DU-D in Summit County, Utah

K19DV in Manila-Dutch John, Utah

K19DY in Canon City, Colorado

K19EC-D in Mapleton, Oregon

K19EG-D in Holyoke, Colorado

K19EI-D in Pacific C/Cloverdale, Oregon

K19EU-D in Winnemucca, Nevada

K19EW-D in Preston, Idaho

K19EX-D in Price, Utah

K19EY-D in Myton, Utah

K19FD in Camp Verde, Arizona

K19FF in Miles City, Montana

K19FG-D in Jackson, Wyoming

K19FH-D in Aspen, Colorado

K19FV in Kula, Hawaii

K19FX-D in Laramie, Wyoming

K19FY in Chico, California

K19FZ-D in Elko, Nevada

K19GA-D in Susanville, etc., California

K19GB-D in Dove Creek, etc., Colorado

K19GD-D in Kalispell & Lakeside, Montana

K19GF-D in Malad, Idaho

K19GH-D in Eugene, etc., Oregon

K19GJ-D in Hatch, Utah

K19GK-D in Emery, Utah

K19GL-D in Yreka, California

K19GM-D in Circleville, Utah

K19GN-D in Mount Pleasant, Utah

K19GP-D in Hanksville, Utah

K19GQ-D in Tropic, etc., Utah

K19GS-D in Rural Beaver, etc., Utah

K19GV-D in Escalante, Utah

K19GX-D in Buffalo, Wyoming

K19HA-D in Navajo Mtn. Sch., etc., Utah

K19HB-D in Oljeto, Utah

K19HC-D in Hoehne, Colorado

K19HE-D in Bluff, Utah

K19HG-D in Redstone, Colorado

K19HH-D in Midland, etc., Oregon

K19HJ-D in Pinedale, etc., Wyoming

K19HQ-D in Virgin, Utah

K19HR-D in Toquerville, Utah

K19HS-D in Grants Pass, Oregon

K19HU-D in Montezuma Creek & Aneth, Utah

K19HV in Deming, New Mexico

K19HZ-D in Jackson, Minnesota

K19IC-D in Eureka, California

K19ID-D in Green River, Utah

K19IE-D in Boulder, Utah

K19IG-D in Mexican Hat, etc., Utah

K19IH-D in Willmar, Minnesota

K19II-D in Ardmore, Oklahoma

K19IM-D in Duckwater, Nevada

K19IO-D in Fishlake Resort, Utah

K19IP-D in Flagstaff, Arizona

K19IR-D in Enid, Oklahoma

K19IS-D in Inyokern, California

K19IU-D in Battle Mountain, Nevada

K19IX-D in Romeo, Colorado

K19JA-D in Cortez, Colorado

K19JC-D in Mazama, Washington

K19JJ-D in Vale, Oregon

K19JM-D in Emigrant, Montana

K19JO-D in Harlowton, etc., Montana

K19JQ-D in Big Sandy, Montana

K19JR-D in Wolf Point, Montana

K19JW-D in Mauna Loa, Hawaii

K19JX-D in Yakima, Washington

K19JZ-D in Carlsbad, New Mexico

K19KN-D in Eads, etc., Colorado

K19KP-D in Hermiston, Oregon

K19KU-D in Walla Walla, Washington

K19KW-D in Greybull, Wyoming

K19LI-D in St. James, Minnesota

K19LN-D in Mayfield, Utah

K19LR-D in Huntsville, etc., Utah

K19LZ-D in Las Cruces & Organ, New Mexico

K19MB-D in Mountain Home, Idaho

K21LF-D in Granite Falls, Minnesota

K32FQ-D in St. George, Utah

K38EH-D in Walker Lake, Nevada

K43MB-D in Orderville, Utah

K44AB-D in Keokuk, Iowa

K45IL-D in Hobbs, New Mexico

K47DJ-D in Prescott, Arizona

K49JG-D in Frost, Minnesota

KAJN-CD in Lafayette, Louisiana

KBBV-CD in Bakersfield, California

KEGG-LD in Tulsa, Oklahoma

KFBI-LD in Medford, Oregon

KFJK-LD in Santa Fe, New Mexico

KGBS-CD in Austin, Texas

KGRF-LD in Gila River Indian Co, Arizona

KHDF-CD in Las Vegas, Nevada

KIPB-LD in Pine Bluff, Arkansas

KJII-LD in Lincoln, Nebraska

KKTW-LD in St. Cloud, Minnesota

KMBY-LD in Templeton, California

KMPH-CD in Merced-Mariposa, California

KNTS-LP in Natchitoches, Louisiana

KOBS-LD in San Antonio, Texas

KOTV-DT in Mcalester, Oklahoma

KPDR-LD in Salt Lake City, Utah

KPTN-LD in St. Louis, Missouri

KSBS-CD in Denver, Colorado

KTEV-LP in Texarkana, Arkansas

KTGF-LD in Great Falls, Montana

KUFS-LD in Fort Smith, Arkansas

KUMN-LD in Moses Lake, etc., Washington

KVBA-LP in Alamogordo, New Mexico

KWWE-LD in Lake Charles, Louisiana

KXTS-LD in Victoria, Texas

W19CA in Lumberton, North Carolina

W19CO-D in Pensacola, Florida

W19CR-D in Tryon, North Carolina

W19CX in Sterling-Dixon, Illinois

W19DB-D in Franklin, North Carolina

W19DD-D in Brevard, North Carolina

W19DV-D in Luquillo, Puerto Rico

W19EB-D in Lumberton, Mississippi

W19HK-D in Black Mountain, North Carolina

WANX-LP in Columbus, Georgia

WBPI-CD in Augusta, Georgia

WCLL-CD in Columbus, Ohio

WDNI-CD in Indianapolis, Indiana

WDSF-LD in Montgomery, Alabama

WDXA-LD in Florence, South Carolina

WEYW-LP in Key West, Florida

WFND-LD in Findlay, Ohio

WKPZ-CD in Kingsport, Tennessee

WLOW-LP in Beaufort, South Carolina

WMMF-LP in Vero Beach, Florida

WODR-LD in Wausau, Wisconsin

WOTM-LP in Montevallo, Alabama

WPED-LD in Jackson, Tennessee

WRDM-CD in Hartford, Connecticut

WRGB in Pittsfield, Massachusetts

WTKJ-LP in Watertown, New York

WVGN-LD in Charlotte Amalie, U.S. Virgin Islands

WWKQ-LD in Quebradillas, Puerto Rico

WYFX-LD in Youngstown, Ohio

WYSJ-CA in Yorktown, VirginiaThe following low-power stations, which are no longer licensed, formerly broadcast on analog channel 19:

K19CL in Inyokern, California

KDSL-CA in Ukiah, California

KLPS-LP in Indio, California

KMBA-LP in Ontario, Oregon

KQRE-LP in Bend, Oregon

W19BR in Monkton, Vermont

W19CI in Berwick, Pennsylvania

WEMW-CD in Greensburg, Pennsylvania

Church of the Holy Ghost

Church of the Holy Ghost or Holy Ghost Catholic Church may refer to:

Church of the Holy Ghost, Copenhagen, Denmark

Church of the Holy Ghost, Crowcombe, Somerset, England

Church of the Holy Ghost, Midsomer Norton, Somerset, England

Church of the Holy Ghost, Tallinn, Estonia

Church of the Holy Ghost, Bern, Switzerland

Holy Ghost Catholic Church (Bagamoyo), Tanzania

Holy Ghost Catholic Church (Denver, Colorado), United States

Holy Ghost Catholic Church (Kula, Hawaii), United States

Holy Ghost Catholic Church (Dubuque, Iowa), United States

Holy Ghost Byzantine Catholic Church (Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania, United States

Govi

Govi (Santoo Govi) is a new age/ambient Hawaiian-German musician. Each of Govi’s albums has reached the Top 10 on Billboard’s New Age chart.

Hal Aloma

Hal Aloma (January 8, 1908 — June 26, 1980) was a Hawaiian steel guitarist, singer and bandleader.

Hawaiian War Chant

"Hawaiian War Chant" is an American popular song whose original melody and lyrics were written in the 1860s by Prince Leleiohoku. The original title of the song was Kāua I Ka Huahuaʻi or "We Two in the Spray." It was not written as a chant, and the Hawaiian lyrics describe a clandestine meeting between two lovers, not a battle. The English title therefore has nothing to do with the song as it was originally written and performed in Hawaii.

Holy Ghost Catholic Church (Kula, Hawaii)

Holy Ghost Catholic Church, also known as Holy Ghost Mission, is an historic octagon-shaped Roman Catholic church building on the island of Maui, located at 4300 Lower Kula Road in Waiakoa in the Kula district. It was designed by Father James Beissel and built by his parishioners who were Portuguese from the Azores and the Madeira Islands who had come to work on the local sugarcane plantation. The first mass was celebrated in it in 1895. It was consecrated in 1899 by Bishop Gulstan Ropert, the third vicar apostolic of the Vicariate Apostolic of the Sandwich Islands — now the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.On April 29, 1983, it was placed on the Hawaii Register of Historic Places and on August 18, 1983, it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. It may be the only historic octagonal building in Hawaii.In 1991 the building was closed for a year in order to undergo a major restoration. Holy Ghost Mission is still an active Roman Catholic congregation, which annually at Pentecost celebrates the Portuguese Holy Ghost Festival.

Julian Ritter

Julian Ritter (September 19, 1909 – March 4, 2000) was an American painter of Polish-German descent who painted primarily nudes, clowns and portraits.

Ritter's paintings were typically rich in color. His nudes celebrated the glamor and beauty of the female form. All of his figurative paintings expressed the humanness in his subjects. He also painted landscapes at different points during his career and complex compositions dealing with mystical and spiritual subjects during his later years.

KLUI-LP

KLUI-LP (97.3 FM) was a radio station licensed to serve Kula, Hawaii, United States, which served the Maui area. The station was owned by King's Voice on the Mountain Radio Association.KLUI-LP's license was returned to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) by the licensee on October 31, 2013, and cancelled by the FCC on November 5, 2013. 97.3 FM on Maui is now KRKH = K-Rock, "Maui's Rock Station," owned by Hochman Hawaii Publishing, Inc.

Lani McIntyre

Lani McIntire (sometimes spelled Lani McIntyre, 15 December 1904 – 17 June 1951) was a Hawaiian guitar and steel guitar player who helped to popularize the instrument, which eventually became a mainstay in American country and western music. He played frequently with his brothers — steel guitar legend Dick McIntire and bassist Al McIntire.

List of octagonal buildings and structures in the United States

You are missing the Tower Life, in San Antonio, Texas. It’s the only octagonal shaped high rise in the nation. It was originally the Smith-Young Tower in 1929.

Tower Life Building

Octagonal buildings and structures are characterized by an octagonal plan form, whether a perfect geometric octagon or a regular eight-sided polygon with approximately equal sides.

Octagon-shaped buildings date from at least 300 B.C. when the Tower of the Winds in Athens, Greece, was constructed. Octagonal houses were popularized in the United States in the mid-19th century by Orson Squire Fowler and many other octagonal buildings and structures soon followed.

This article is a list of octagonal buildings and structures in the United States. Many of these are on the National Register of Historic Places.

Meneely Bell Foundry

There were two Meneely bell founderies, based on either side of the Hudson River in New York state.

The first Meneely bell foundry was established in 1826 in West Troy (now Watervliet), New York, by Andrew Meneely, a former apprentice in the foundry of Benjamin Hanks. Two of Andrew's sons continued to operate the foundry after his death, and it remained a family operation until its closure.

The second Meneely bell foundry was established in 1870 by a third son, Clinton H. Meneely, across the river in Troy, New York. Initially he was in partnership with George H. Kimberly, under the name Meneely & Kimberly; this second foundry was reorganized in 1879 as the Clinton H. Meneely Bell Company, then later as the Meneely Bell Company. Like its related competitor, it remained a family operation until its closure.

The two foundries competed vigorously (and sometimes bitterly) with each other. Together, they produced about 65,000 bells before they both closed in 1952.

Our Lady Queen of Angels Catholic Church (Kula, Hawaii)

Our Lady Queen of Angels Catholic Church in Kula is a parish of the Roman Catholic Church of Hawaii in the United States. Located in Kula on the island of Maui, the church falls under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Honolulu and its bishop. It is named after a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Surfing Goat Dairy

Surfing Goat Dairy is a dairy farm in Kula, Hawaii on the island of Maui. It produces more than two dozen goat cheeses. Many of the cheeses have won national awards. Tours are offered. Surfing Goat was established in 1998 and is owned by German expatriates Thomas and Eva Kafsack. It is located on 42 acres and is one of only two goat dairies in Hawaii as of 2014. It is located on the slopes of the Haleakalā crater. The dairy's motto is: Da' Feta Mo' Betta.

Wade Robson

Wade Jeremy William Robson (born 17 September 1982) is an Australian dancer and choreographer. He began performing as a dancer at age five, and has directed music videos and world tours for pop artists such as NSYNC and Britney Spears. Robson was the host and executive producer for The Wade Robson Project, which aired on MTV in 2003. In 2007, he joined the Fox television dance series So You Think You Can Dance as a judge and choreographer.

Robson was friends with pop singer Michael Jackson as a child. When Jackson was charged with child sexual abuse, Robson testified under oath at Jackson's trial, saying that Jackson had never abused him. In 2013, he reversed his position, saying Jackson had abused him. His allegations, and those of James Safechuck, are the subject of the 2019 documentary Leaving Neverland.

Climate data for Kula
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 68.6
(20.3)
68.4
(20.2)
69.3
(20.7)
70.5
(21.4)
71.7
(22.1)
73.7
(23.2)
75.2
(24.0)
76.0
(24.4)
75.5
(24.2)
74.7
(23.7)
72.3
(22.4)
70.0
(21.1)
72.2
(22.3)
Average low °F (°C) 53.2
(11.8)
52.7
(11.5)
53.3
(11.8)
53.9
(12.2)
55.3
(12.9)
56.6
(13.7)
57.7
(14.3)
58.3
(14.6)
58.3
(14.6)
57.7
(14.3)
56.4
(13.6)
54.3
(12.4)
55.6
(13.1)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 3.40
(86)
2.67
(68)
3.27
(83)
1.55
(39)
1.29
(33)
0.83
(21)
0.71
(18)
1.01
(26)
1.11
(28)
1.73
(44)
2.39
(61)
3.44
(87)
23.4
(594)
Source: http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?hi5000
Islands, municipalities, and communities of Maui County, Hawaii, United States
CDPs
Unincorporated
communities
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