Kukma

Kukma or Kookma is a village near the Bhuj town, taluka in Kachchh District of Indian State of Gujarat.[1] It is located at a distance of 16 kilometers from Bhuj, the headquarters of Kachchh District.

Kukma

કુકમા
village
Kukma is located in Gujarat
Kukma
Kukma
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 23°13′04″N 69°46′41″E / 23.217822°N 69.777922°ECoordinates: 23°13′04″N 69°46′41″E / 23.217822°N 69.777922°E
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictKachchh
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationGJ-12

History

About the history of Kukma, it is one of the 19 villages established by Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas or Mistris. These Mistris first moved to the Saurashtra in the early 7th century and later a major group entered Kutch in the 12th century and established themselves at Dhaneti. Later from the 12th century onwards they settled between Anjar and Bhuj and founded the villages of Anjar, Sinugra, Khambhra, Nagalpar, Khedoi, Madhapar, Hajapar, Kukma, Galpadar, Reha, Vidi, Ratnal, Jambudi, Devaliya, Lovaria, Nagor, Chandiya, Meghpar and Kumbharia. Most of the early infrastructure, temples, community halls, school, girls boarding house and old houses are built by this community during the late 19th century. [2] [3][4] [5][6] However, majority of old houses with unique architect were destroyed in the earthquake of 26 January 2001.

Temples

Kuldevi Temples of many clans of these Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya community are also there in this village. To mention, Kuldevi temple of Parmar clan of Momai mataji, Kuldevi temple of Chauhan clan of Brahmani Mata have their temple in village.[7] Also Nivruti Ashram and Garibdash ji Bhojanalaya are located in Kukma. Also there is Thakore Mandir in main square and Mahadev temple both built originally by KGK Community.

Railway Station

Kukma also is a Railway Station (Flag Station) under Western Railways about 10 km from Bhuj on Gandhidham - Bhuj broad gauge route. Kutch Express and New Bhuj Exp(Sayaji Exp.) Railway train runs daily on this route.

Present Status

At present, villagers are quiet prosperous. Apart from Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas, Ahirs, Lohana and other communities also have notable presence. There is enough penetration of Telephone and all houses have electricity and water supply. There is also a big pond in outskirts of village, originally built by Mistri community, who founded the village. People are involved in agriculture and other business. Parle Products has a Biscuit factory nearby and many are working in that factory. Besides Bhuj is also nearby and many go there for jobs and business. Kukma do have Primary health center, Primary school and High School.

References

  1. ^ Reports of National Panchayat Directory
  2. ^ Kutch Gujar Kshatriyas, History & names of their 18 Villages
  3. ^ Press Report after earthquake Giving details of Villages, Art & Skills of Mistris of Kutch Archived 2012-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Press Report on Houses, History of Mistiris of Kutch Archived 2012-12-20 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas Archived 2011-07-10 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Gurjar Kshatriyas, also known as Mistris, came to Kutch from Rajasthan. They are skilled in building construction. They first established themselves at Dhaneti and were granted 18 villages by the rulers of Kutch. They are famous designers and developers of buildings and bridges
  7. ^ Chauhan's Kuldevi Bramhani Mata & Family clan tree dating back to the 13th century
Anjar (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Anjar assembly constituency (અંજાર વિધાનસભા બેઠક) is one of the 182 assembly constituency of Gujarat. It is located in Kutch District

Central Arid Zone Research Institute

The Central Arid Zone Research Institute, popularly known as CAZRI, is one of the biggest research institutes of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), an autonomous organization working under the aegis of the Department of Agriculture Research and Education (DARE) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare of Government of India. CAZRI has the distinction of being one of the first institutes in the world exclusively devoted to arid zone research and development. The institute made a humble beginning in 1952 when Government of India initiated Desert Afforestation Research Station at Jodhpur to carry out research on sand dune stabilization and for establishment of shelter belt plantations to arrest wind erosion.

It was reorganized as Desert Afforestation and Soil Conservation Station in 1957 and finally in its present form 'Central Arid Zone Research Institute' in 1959 on recommendation of the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) expert, Prof. C.S. Christian of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia. In 1966, the institute was brought under the administrative control of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi.

The institute conducts multi-disciplinary research to seek solutions to the problems of farming in arid regions of the country. The hot arid zone covers about 32 million ha area in the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, while the cold arid zone, covering about 7 million ha area, is located in the states of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.

The Institute bagged the prestigious “Sardar Patel Outstanding ICAR Institution Award” for the Year - 2017 for the Large Institute Category. Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra, Secretary (DARE) & DG (ICAR) conferred the Award including Plaque, Citation and Certificate during an event organized at the ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), Pusa, New Delhi.

Chandiya

Chandiya or Chandia is a village near the town Anjar, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Village is located 21 km from nearest town Anjar.

Devaria, Kachchh

Devaria or Devaliya or Deoria is a village in Anjar Taluka of Kutch at a distance of about 3 km from Anjar town of Kachchh District of Gujarat in India.

Galpadar

Galpadar is a village in Gandhidham Tehsil of Kutch District of Gujarat State of India. It is located at a distance of about 3 km from Gandhidham, 11 km from Anjar and 51 km from Bhuj.

Gandhidham Junction railway station

Gandhidham Junction railway station, located in Gandhidham, Gujarat, India, serves the people residing in Gandhidham and Kandla areas.

Hajapar

Hajapar is a village in Bhuj Taluka of Kachchh District of Gujarat State of India. It is located at a distance of about 18 km from Bhuj. One nearby village is Reha. As per some old records & books of Mistris community Hajapar was also known as Rajapar in olden days.

Jagmal Raja Chauhan

Jagmal Raja Chauhan (1887–1974), better known as Rai Bahadur Jagmal Raja, was a noted railway contractor, industrialist, miner, private banker, aviation pioneer and philanthropist of India.

Jambudi

Jambudi is a village near the Bhuj, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is located at a distance of about 20 km from Bhuj Taluka and district headquarters of Kutch.

Khedoi

Khedoi is large village located 14 km from the town of Anjar and the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat. The village is sub-divided into Nani-Khedoi and Moti-Khedoi. It has a primary health centre and a major electricity processing plant. The main occupation of the villagers is agriculture.

Kumbharia

Kumbharia or Kumbhariya is a village in Anjar Taluka of Kutch District of Gujarat State of India. It is situated at a distance of 14 km from Anjar town, the taluka headquarters.

Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya

Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya (also known as Mistri or Mestri) are a minority Hindu and one of the Socially and Educationally backward community of Gujarat in India, whom claim to be Kshatriyas. They are an artisan community related with Kadia works.They are also known as the Mistri a.k.a. Mistris of Kutch.

Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas contributions to the Indian railways

The Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas (KGK) contributions to the Indian railways were widespread from the late 1850s to the latest reorganization of the Indian Railways infrastructure in 2003–2006. The community also widely known as Mistris of Kutch (or Mistry) migrated from Kutch to perform the work and were involved in the laying down of railway tracks and construction of rail bridges in almost all railway routes of undivided British India.

Lovariya

Lovariya is a village near the town Anjar, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Meghpar, Anjar

Meghpar is a village in Anjar Taluka in Kutch District of Gujarat of India. It is located on Anjar to Galpadar Road. About the history of Meghpar it is one of the 18 villages founded by Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas or Mistris of Kutch. It is located at a distance of about 4 km from Taluka Headquarters Anjar. The famous Malkeshwar Mahadev Temple is located nearby. It is also known as Meghpar-Borichi.

These Mistris first moved into Saurashtra in early 7th century and later a major group entered Kutch in 12th Century & established themselves at Dhaneti. Later from 12th century onwards they moved between Anjar and Bhuj and founded the villages of Anjar, Sinugra, Khambhra, Nagalpar, Khedoi, Madhapar, Hajapar, Kukma, Galpadar, Reha, Vidi, Ratnal, Jambudi, Devariya, Lovaria, Nagor, Chandiya, Meghpar and Kumbharia.These group of warriors were also talented architects and have contributed in erection of most of the historical architect of Kutch The Mistris of these villages have built and developed the infrastructure, temples, community halls around the villages till late 19th century. Many members of Mistri community migrated out of village during the years 1850 to 1940, the early years of laying of Railway lines in British India and have now settled in various parts of India and East Africa. However, majority of old houses of Mistris with unique architect were destroyed in the earthquake of 26 January 2001.

Vandhay

Vandhay or Vandhai is a village in Bhuj Taluka of Kutch District of Gujarat. It is 59.6 km from Bhuj, district and taluka headquarters.It is a very small village with a population of around 350 people and about 70 houses. The nearest big villages are Deshalpar and Anandsar,Madhapar and Jiyapar.

Nearby towns are Anjar (69.4 km), Nakhatrana (30.4 km), Mundra (61.2 km), Gandhidham (88.9 km) and Bhuj (27.3 km).

However, this village has religious significance for many Hindu communities of Kutch as the Ashrams of one of the famous saint of Kutch Sant Shri Odhavramji is located here. Odhavramji started the first Gurukul of Kutch, named Ishwarramji Gurukul, in year 1937 and Blind School in 1938 both of which are in the village.Also the Gadi of Ramanandi sect headed by Sadhu Val Dasji, a contemporary of Sant Garib Dasji of Kukma of same sect is here. The asharam is also known as Valaram Jhupdi. Jhupdi means a hut, as the Sadhu Val Dasji also known as Valaram used to stay in a hut. This place is in the outskirts of the village near the pond and there is a Rama temple near his hut.

Many people of Kutch belonging to communities like Bhanushali, Patidar, Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya and others like Ahirs, Sorathias and Rabari worship as their Gurus, the Sant Odhavramji (who followed Harihar Parampara of Haridwar ) and Sadhu Val Dasji (who followed Ramanandi sect). As such, people visit this small obscure village in large numbers on occasions like Ramnavami, Gurupoornima, Diwali and other festivities.

The beautiful architect depicting idols of Gods, warriors and others characters on chhatri and temple housing samadhis of Odhavramji and other saints were done by artisans of Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya, the artisan community of Kutch also known as Mistris. From this community, Mistri Manji Jeram Rathod of Madhapar was one of the contemporaries of Odhavramji, who was his ardent follower and major donor in building of ashram in 1936-38. Manji Jeram was also the major donor of Kutchi Lalrameshwar Ashram founded in Haridwar by Saint Odhavramji in 1954. Further, Mistri Ghela Pachhan Parmar of Kukma was another one of major donor of this community, who donated large money in building of other ashram headed by Sant Val Dasji in those decades.There is also a temple of Umiya Mataji ( a form of Shakti ) in village.

Vandhay has Ram Mandir(Temple) and beautiful Pond edge, spending evening is Spiritual feeling here, Umiya Mataji Mandir ( Kul Devi of Kadva Patidar) has Dwara ( Free lunch, Dinner) provided as seva here. Also there are accommodation rooms for family is available as no profit no loss rates.

Vidi

Vidi can also refer to Vidi, Prince of Albania.

Vidi can also refer to Hungarian Football Team MOL Vidi FC.

Vidi or Videe or Virdee is a village near the town Anjar, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is at a distance of about 4 km from Anjar, the Taluka headquarters.

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