Kuchinoshima

Kuchinoshima (口之島), literally "mouth island", is one of the Tokara Islands, belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture. The island, 13.33 km² in area, and has a population of 140 persons.[1] The island can only be reached by boat as it has no airport, there are regular ferry service to the city of Kagoshima on the mainland. Travel time is about 6 hours. The islanders are dependent mainly on agriculture, fishing and seasonal tourism. The island is home to the rare Kuchinoshima breed of Japanese native cattle.

Kuchinoshima
Native name:
Japanese: 口之島
Tokara-eilanden
Geography
LocationEast China Sea
Coordinates29°58′0″N 129°55′0″E / 29.96667°N 129.91667°E
ArchipelagoTokara Islands
Area13.33 km2 (5.15 sq mi)
Coastline20.38 km (12.664 mi)
Highest elevation628.5 m (2,062 ft)
Highest pointMaedake
Administration
Japan
Kagoshima Prefecture
Demographics
Population140 (2004)
Ethnic groupsJapanese

Geography

Kuchinoshima is the northernmost inhabited island in the Tokara archipelago, and is located 10 kilometres (5.4 nmi) northeast from Nakanoshima. The highest elevation is Maedake (前岳) located in the eastern part of the island, with a height of 628.5 metres (2,062 ft) above sea level. Maedake, Moedake (燃岳) in the northern part of the island at 425 metres (1,394 ft), and Yokodake (横岳) in the western part of the island at 500 metres (1,600 ft), are the three volcanos which make up the island. Although there has been no eruption recorded in historical times, Moedake emits steam, and discoloration of the ocean in nearby waters in 2001 indicates ongoing volcanic activity. The local climate is classified as subtropical, with a rainy season from May through September.

History

The island was once part of the Ryukyu Kingdom. During the Edo period, Kuchinoshima was part of Satsuma Domain and was administered as part of Kawanabe District. In 1896, the island was transferred to the administrative control of Ōshima District, Kagoshima, and from 1911 was administered as part of the village of Toshima, Kagoshima. From 1946 to 1952, the island was administered by the United States as part of the Provisional Government of Northern Ryukyu Islands.

The island is home to a small and critically-endangered population of feral cattle, the Kuchinoshima (Kuchinoshima-Ushi) breed, which – with the Mishima breed – is one of two remaining breeds of Japanese native cattle.[2][3][4] Kuchinoshima cattle is not the only feral cattle in Japan as there is a small group of feral cattle on Kazura Island next to Naru Island.[5]

References

  1. ^ 人口 (PDF) (in Japanese). Tokara Village. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  2. ^ Breed data sheet: Kuchinoshima/Japan. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed January 2017.
  3. ^ [National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences] (2005). Country Report: Japan, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed January 2017.
  4. ^ Kuchinoshima-Ushi. NODAI Genome Research Center, Tokyo University of Agriculture. Accessed January 2017.
  5. ^ 葛島(野生化した和牛のいる島)
  • National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGIA). Prostar Sailing Directions 2005 Japan En route. Prostar Publications (2005). ISBN 1577856511

External links

130th meridian east

The meridian 130° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, Australia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 130th meridian east forms a great circle with the 50th meridian west.

30th parallel north

The 30th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 30 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It stands one-third of the way between the equator and the North Pole and crosses Africa, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

It is the approximate southern border of the horse latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere, meaning that much of the land area touching the 30th parallel is arid or semi-arid. If there is a source of wind from a body of water the area would more likely be subtropical.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 14 hours, 5 minutes during the summer solstice and 10 hours, 13 minutes during the winter solstice. On 21 June, the maximum altitude of the sun is 83.83 degrees and 36.17 degrees on 21 December.At this latitude:

One degree of longitude = 96.49 km or 59.95 mi

One minute of longitude = 1.61 km or 1.00 mi

One second of longitude = 26.80 m or 87.93 ft

Eboshi-dake

Eboshi-dake (Japanese 烏帽子岳, "Eboshi peak“, with Eboshi being a Japanese hat) is the name of several mountain peaks in Japan:

Eboshi-dake (Akaishi-Gebirge), 2726m

Eboshi-dake (Amakusa, Kumamoto), 170m

Eboshi-dake (Amami-Ōshima), 364m

Eboshi-dake (Aomori), 720m

Eboshi-dake (Ashibetsu, Hokkaidō), 758m

Eboshi-dake (Bungo-Ōno, Ōita), 821m

Eboshi-dake (Echigo-Gebirge), 998m

Eboshi-dake (Edakute-jima), 322m

Eboshi-dake (Fujikawaguchiko, Yamanashi), 1257m

Eboshi-dake (Gunma), 1182m

Eboshi-dake (Hida-Gebirge), 2628m

Eboshi-dake (Hida-Hochland), 1625m

Eboshi-dake (Hokuto, Yamanashi), 2594m

Eboshi-dake (Ibusuki/Minamikyūshū, Kagoshima), 363m

Eboshi-dake (Iide-Bergland), 2018m

Eboshi-dake (Imari, Saga), 596m

Eboshi-dake (Isahaya, Nagasaki), 697m

Eboshi-dake (Itoigawa, Niigata), 1451m

Eboshi-dake (Iwakuni/Shūnan, Yamaguchi), 697m

Eboshi-dake (Kadogawa, Miyazaki), 260m

Eboshi-dake (Kagoshima, Kagoshima), 564m

Eboshi-dake (Kamikawa, Hokkaidō), 2072m

Eboshi-dake (Kirishima/Aira, Kagoshima), 703m

Eboshi-dake (Kirishima, Kagoshima), 988m

Eboshi-dake (Kiso/Asahi, Nagano), 1952m

Eboshi-dake (Kiso-Gebirge), 2194m

Eboshi-dake (Kuchinoshima), 234m

Eboshi-dake (Kudamatsu/Shūnan, Yamaguchi), 412m

Eboshi-dake (Minamiaizu, Fukushima), 1095m

Eboshi-dake (Minamiaso, Kumamoto), 1337m

Eboshi-dake (Mine, Yamaguchi), 395m

Eboshi-dake (Murakami, Niigata), 489m

Eboshi-dake (Nagasaki/Togitsu, Nagasaki), 413m

Eboshi-dake (Nobeoka/Kadogawa, Miyazaki), 362m

Eboshi-dake (Ōtate, Akita), 1133m

Eboshi-dake (Saga, Saga), 281m

Eboshi-dake (Saiki, Ōita), 641m

Eboshi-dake (Saito/Nishimera, Miyazaki), 1126m

Eboshi-dake (Sanjō, Niigata), 680m

Eboshi-dake (Sapporo, Hokkaidō), 1109m

Eboshi-dake (Sasebo, Nagasaki), 568m

Eboshi-dake (Semboku, Akita), 1060m

Eboshi-dake (Shūnan, Yamaguchi), 669m

Eboshi-dake (Suzuka-Gebirge), 865m

Eboshi-dake (Takachiho, Miyazaki), 809m

Eboshi-dake (Taketa/Bungo-Ōno, Ōita), 731m

Eboshi-dake (Tarumizu, Kagoshima), 390m

Eboshi-dake (Tsushima, Nagasaki), 176m

Eboshi-dake (Ueda/Tōmi, Nagano), 2066m

Eboshi-dake (Yakushima), 1614m

Eboshi-dake (Yamanouchi, Nagano), 2230m

Eboshi-dake (Yatsushiro, Kumamoto), 1692m

Eboshi-dake (Yufu, Ōita), 761mSee also:

Eboshi-yama (disambiguation)

Japanese Black

The Japanese Black (Japanese: 黒毛和種, Kuroge Washu) is a breed of Japanese beef cattle. It is one of six native Japanese cattle breeds, and one of the four Japanese breeds known as wagyū, the others being the Japanese Brown, the Japanese Polled and the Japanese Shorthorn.:420

All wagyū cattle derive from cross-breeding in the early twentieth century of native Japanese cattle with imported stock, mostly from Europe.:5 In the case of the Japanese Black, the foreign influence was from European breeds including Braunvieh, Shorthorn, Devon, Simmental, Ayrshire and Holstein.

Japanese Brown

The Japanese Brown (Japanese: 褐毛和種, Akage Washu or 赤牛, Aka Ushi) is a breed of small Japanese beef cattle. It is one of six native Japanese cattle breeds, and one of the four Japanese breeds known as wagyū, the others being the Japanese Black, the Japanese Polled and the Japanese Shorthorn.:420

All wagyū cattle derive from cross-breeding in the early twentieth century of native Japanese cattle with imported stock, mostly from Europe.:5 In the case of the Japanese Brown, the principal foreign influence was from the Korean Hanwoo and Swiss Simmental breeds.

Japanese Polled

The Japanese Polled (Japanese: 無角和種, Mukaku Washu) is a critically-endangered breed of small Japanese beef cattle. It is one of six native Japanese cattle breeds, and one of the four Japanese breeds known as wagyū, the others being the Japanese Black, the Japanese Brown and the Japanese Shorthorn.:420

All wagyū cattle derive from cross-breeding in the early twentieth century of native Japanese cattle with imported stock, mostly from Europe.:5 In the case of the Japanese Polled, the principal foreign influence was from the Scottish Angus breed.

Japanese Shorthorn

The Japanese Shorthorn (Japanese: 日本短角種, Nihon Tankaku Washu) is a breed of small Japanese beef cattle. It is one of six native Japanese cattle breeds, and one of the four Japanese breeds known as wagyū, the others being the Japanese Black, the Japanese Brown and the Japanese Polled. All wagyū cattle derive from cross-breeding in the early twentieth century of native Japanese cattle with imported stock, mostly from Europe.:5 In the case of the Japanese Shorthorn, the principal foreign influence was from the Shorthorn, with some contribution from the Ayrshire and Devon breeds.

Kuchinoshima cattle

The Kuchinoshima (Japanese: 口之島牛, Kuchinoshima ushi) is a critically-endangered Japanese breed of small feral cattle. It is found only on Kuchinoshima Island, in the Tokara Islands in Kagoshima Prefecture in southern Japan. It is one of six native Japanese cattle breeds, and one of two small populations that have never been cross-bred with Western cattle, the other being the Mishima breed from Mishima Island north-west of Hagi, in Yamaguchi Prefecture.:51

List of Japanese cattle breeds

This is a list of the cattle breeds considered in Japan to be wholly or partly of Japanese origin. Some may have complex or obscure histories, so inclusion here does not necessarily imply that a breed is predominantly or exclusively Japanese.

Japanese Black

Japanese Brown

Japanese Polled

Japanese Shorthorn

Kairyo-washu (extinct)

Kuchinoshima

Mishima

List of islands by name (K)

This article features a list of islands sorted by their name beginning with the letter K.

List of islands in the East China Sea

Islands in the East China Sea include:

Matsu Islands (29.61 km²)

Peikan (Beigan)

Kaoteng (Gaodeng)

Nankan (Nangan)

Tungyin (Dongyin)

Hsiyin (Xiyin)

Liang Island

Chukuang (Jyuguang)

Tungchu (Dongjyu, Dongquan)

Hsichu (Xijyu, Xiquan)

Yongliou

Ryukyu Islands (4,597.68 km²—Daitō Islands excluded)

Satsunan Islands

Ōsumi Islands:

Tanegashima, Yaku, Kuchinoerabu, Mageshima

Takeshima, Iōjima, Kuroshima

Tokara Islands: Kuchinoshima, Nakanoshima, Gajajima, Suwanosejima, Akusekijima, Tairajima, Kodakarajima, Takarajima

Amami Islands: Amami Ōshima, Kikaijima, Kakeromajima, Yoroshima, Ukeshima, Tokunoshima, Okinoerabujima, Yoronjima

Ryūkyū-shotō

Okinawa Islands: Okinawa Island, Kume, Iheya, Izena, Aguni, Ie (Iejima), Iwo Tori Shima (Iōtorishima)

Kerama Islands: Tokashiki, Zamami, Aka, Geruma

Sakishima Islands

Miyako Islands: Miyakojima, Ikema, Ōgami, Irabu, Shimoji, Kurima, Minna, Tarama

Yaeyama Islands: Iriomote, Ishigaki, Taketomi, Kohama, Kuroshima, Aragusuku, Hatoma, Yubujima, Hateruma, Yonaguni

Senkaku Islands (7 km²)

Uotsurijima, Kuba Jima, Taisho Jima, Kita Kojima, Minami Kojima, Oki-no-Kita-Iwa, Oki-no-Minami-Iwa, Tobise

Zhoushan Archipelago (1,440.12 km²)

Zhoushan Island

Daishan Island

Liuheng Island

Jintang Island

Zhujiajian Island

Qushan Island

Mount Putuo

Jeju Island (1,849 km²)

Marado

Pengjia Islet (1.14 km²)Total land area: 7,924.55 square kilometres

List of islands of Japan

Japan has 6,852 islands. Approximately 430 are inhabited. Japan is the largest island country in East Asia and the fourth largest island country in the world. Here's a list of islands of Japan.

List of islands of Japan by area

Japan has 6,852 islands. Approximately 430 are inhabited. This list provides basic geographical data of the most prominent islands belonging or claimed by Japan.

Nclaimed but not controlled

List of volcanoes in Japan

This is a list of active and extinct volcanoes in Japan. Orange background indicates a volcano considered active by the Japan Meteorological Agency.

Mishima Island, Yamaguchi

Mishima, Japanese: 見島, is an island in the Hagi Archipelago, in Yamaguchi Prefecture in the Chūgoku region of south-western Honshu, Japan. It lies in the Sea of Japan, approximately 44 km from Hagi. It has a surface area of approximately 7.73 km², and a population of 829 in 458 households.

Mishima cattle

The Mishima (Japanese: 見島牛, Mishima ushi) is a critically-endangered Japanese breed of beef cattle. It is found only on Mishima Island, some 50 km north-west of Hagi, in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. It is one of six native Japanese cattle breeds, and one of two small populations that have never been cross-bred with Western cattle, the other being the Kuchinoshima breed from Kuchinoshima island in the Tokara Island group.:51

Tokara Islands

The Tokara Islands (吐噶喇列島, Tokara-rettō) is an archipelago in the Nansei Islands, and are part of the Satsunan Islands, which is in turn part of the Ryukyu Archipelago. The 150 kilometres (81 nmi) chain consists of twelve small islands located between Yakushima and Amami-Oshima. The islands have a total area of 101.35 square kilometres (39.13 sq mi). Administratively, the whole group belongs to Toshima Village, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Only seven of the islands are permanently inhabited. The islands, especially Takarajima, are home to the Tokara Pony.

Toshima, Kagoshima

Toshima (十島村, Toshima-mura) is a village consisting of the islands of the Tokara Islands located in the Satsunan Islands of Kagoshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The village office is located in the city of Kagoshima, outside the village.

As of 2013, the village has an estimated population of 688 and a density of 6.79 persons per km2. The total area is 101.35 km2.

Iōjima, Kuroshima and Takeshima and the uninhabited islands of Shōwa Iōjima and Denshima

Turano-Mongolian cattle

Turano-Mongolian cattle are a group of taurine cattle that are found in Northern and Eastern Asia. They are morphologically and genetically distinct from the Near Eastern group of taurine cattle (from which European cattle is descended) and may have been domesticated independently.

Island
Administration

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.