Kuala Lumpur International Airport

Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) (Malay: Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur) (IATA: KUL, ICAO: WMKK) is Malaysia's main international airport and one of the major airports in Southeast Asia and worldwide. It is located in Sepang District of Selangor, approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) south of Kuala Lumpur city centre and serves the Greater Klang Valley conurbation.

KLIA is the largest and busiest airport in Malaysia. In 2017, it handled 58,554,627 passengers and 710,186 tonnes of cargo. It is the world's 23rd-busiest airport by total passenger traffic.

The airport is operated by Malaysia Airports (MAHB) Sepang Sdn Bhd and is the major hub of Malaysia Airlines, MASkargo, AirAsia, AirAsia X, Malindo Air, flyGlobal, UPS Airlines and AsiaCargo Express.

Kuala Lumpur International Airport

Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur International Airport Logo
KLIA MTB&Tower
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Malaysia
OperatorMalaysia Airports
ServesGreater Kuala Lumpur, Seremban, Malacca
LocationSepang, Selangor, Malaysia
Hub for
Time zoneMST (UTC+08:00)
Elevation AMSL70 ft / 21 m
Coordinates02°44′36″N 101°41′53″E / 2.74333°N 101.69806°ECoordinates: 02°44′36″N 101°41′53″E / 2.74333°N 101.69806°E
Websitewww.klia.com.my
Map
WMKK is located in Peninsular Malaysia
WMKK
WMKK
WMKK is located in Southeast Asia
WMKK
WMKK
WMKK (Southeast Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14L/32R 4,124 13,530 Asphalt concrete
14R/32L 4,056 13,307 Asphalt concrete
15/33 4,056 13,307 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passenger58,554,627 (Increase 11.2%)
Airfreight (tonnes)710,186 (Increase 10.5%)
Aircraft movements387,234 (Increase 8.6%)
Sources: MAHB[1] and AIP[2]
Location of KLIA in Sepang

History

Background

Klia entrance
KLIA main entrance from the side
KLIA Main terminal
KLIA Main terminal architecture

The ground breaking ceremony for Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) took place on 1 June 1993 when the government under Mahathir Mohamad decided that the existing Kuala Lumpur airport, then known as Subang International Airport (now Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport) could not handle future demand. The construction of the airport was done mainly by a few state owned construction companies as well as Ekovest Berhad – helmed by Tan Sri Datuk Lim Kang Hoo. It was created as part of the Multimedia Super Corridor, a grand development plan for Malaysia. The chief architect who designed the new airport terminal was the Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa.[3]

Upon KLIA's completion, Subang Airport's Terminal 1 building was demolished. Malaysia Airports agreed to redevelop the remaining Terminal 3 to create a specialist airport for turboprop and charter planes surrounded by a residential area and a business park. The IATA airport code KUL was transferred from Subang Airport, which currently handles only turboprop aircraft, general aviation and military aircraft. Subang Airport's IATA code has since been changed to SZB.

Current site

The airport's site spans 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi) 2,[4] of former agricultural land and is one of the world's largest airport sites. An ambitious three-phase development plan anticipates KLIA to have three runways and two terminals each with two satellite terminals.[5] Phase One involved the construction of the main terminal and one satellite terminal, giving a capacity of 25 million passengers, and two full service runways. The Phase One airport had sixty contact piers, twenty remote parking bays with eighty aircraft parking positions, four maintenance hangars and fire stations. Phase Two, designed to increase capacity to 35 million passengers per year is largely complete. Phase Three is anticipated to increase capacity to 100 million passengers per year.[5]

Grand opening

Kuala Lumpur International Airport was officially inaugurated by the 10th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Tuanku Ja'afar of Negeri Sembilan, on 27 June 1998 at 20:30 MST, a week ahead of Hong Kong International Airport and in time for the 1998 Commonwealth Games. The first domestic arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1263 from Kuantan (Kuantan Airport) at 07:10 MST. The first international arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH188 from Malé International Airport at 07:30 MST. The first domestic departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1432 to Langkawi (Langkawi International Airport) at 07:20 MST; the first international departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH84 to Beijing (Beijing Capital International Airport) at 09:00 MST.[6]

Inauguration

Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia
Inside the main terminal building.
Rain Forest in KLIA
The Jungle boardwalk, a recreational walk path located at the centre core of the KLIA satellite terminal.

The inauguration of the airport was marked with problems. Aerobridge and bay allocation systems broke down, queues built up throughout the airport and baggage handling broke down. Bags were lost and there were waits of over five hours.[7] Most of these issues were remedied eventually, though baggage handling system was plagued with problems until it was put up for a complete replacement tender in 2007.

The airport suffered greatly reduced traffic with the general reduction in economic activity brought about by the East Asian financial crisis, SARS, bird flu epidemic (Avian flu), the global financial crisis, and the swine flu pandemic. 1998 saw a reduction of passenger numbers as some airlines, including All Nippon Airways (recommencing on 1 September 2015), British Airways (resumed on 28 May 2015), Lufthansa (later reinstated), and Northwest Airlines, terminated their loss making services to KLIA. KLIA's first full year of operations in 1999, in its Phase One manifestation (capacity of 25 million passengers per year), saw only 13.2 million passengers.[8] Passenger numbers eventually increased to 21.1 million in 2004 and 47 million in 2013[9] — though short of the originally estimated 25 million passengers per year by 2003.

Recent events

On 13 February 2017, Kim Jong-nam, the half-brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, was assassinated with the nerve agent VX while walking at Kuala Lumpur International Airport2(klia2). Two women, who were alleged to have grabbed him to deploy the nerve agent, were arrested. Kim was traveling under a pseudonym.[10]

Runways

Kuala Lumpur International Airport has three parallel runways (14L/32R, 14R/32L, 15/33(Runway 15/33 used to be part of SZB Airport)[11]), a first in the region. The aircraft movements on these runways are monitored by two Air Traffic Control (ATC) Towers; Tower East, and Tower West given the span of the airport. ATC Tower West standing at 133.8m, is currently the tallest ATC tower in the world.

The current three runway system is capable of handling 78 landings per hour and is expected to increase to 108 landings per hour once upgrading of the Kuala Lumpur Flight Information Region is completed in 2019.[12] These runways operate on different departure/arrival modes according to the air traffic requirements.[13]

Operations and infrastructure

Infrastructure
Passenger terminal buildings
Totals Current
Floor area 737,249 m2 (7,935,680 sq ft)
Handling capacity 70 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 114 (aerobridge)
48 (remote)
Main Terminal Building 1 & Contact Pier
Opened 27 June 1998
Floor area 336,000 m2 (3,620,000 sq ft)
Handling capacity 5 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 20 (aerobridge)
23 (remote)
Satellite Terminal A
Opened 27 June 1998 
Floor area 143,404 m2 (1,543,590 sq ft)
Handling capacity 20 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 26 (aerobridge)
15 (remote)
klia2
Opened 2 May 2014
Floor area 257,845 m2 (2,775,420 sq ft)
Handling capacity 45 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 68 (aerobridge)
10 (remote)
Bunga Raya Complex
Opened 27 June 1998 
Floor area
Handling capacity
Parking bays 1

KLIA features a number of modern design features that assist in the efficient operation of the airport. It is one of the first Asia Pacific airports to become 100% Bar Coded Boarding Pass capable.[14] Malaysia Airlines;[15] AirAsia;[16] MASkargo, a cargo airline;[17] and Malaysia Airports, the Malaysian Airports operator and manager; are headquartered on the property of KLIA.[18] Malaysia Airlines also operates its Flight Management Building at KLIA.[19]

Terminals

The airport is part of the KLIA Aeropolis, and is made up of two main terminals; the original Main Terminal Building and the new terminal 2, or also known as KLIA2. The airport's Main Terminal Building is designed by Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa, with an emphasis of natural lighting within the airport complex. Spanning 38.4m along a grid pattern allowing for future expansions, the abstract symbolic architecture by the late Kisho Kurokawa encompasses the Islamic geometry and cutting edge technology with the tropical rainforest in mind.

Main Terminal Building

MA737-800klia
Malaysia Airlines at Contact Pier

The KLIA Main Terminal Building (MTB) is located in between the two runways. The floor area of the terminal covers 390,000 m2 (4,200,000 sq ft) and the building consists of 39 square roof units, which enables future expansion of the building. There are a total of 216 check-in counters, located in 6 different islands, identified by the letters A – M (excluding I). Multi check-in services are available, designed for the use of all passengers arriving, departing or in transit. Self check in facilities are available in this airport since 2007,[20][21] and KLM was the first airline to use the Common-use self-service kiosks.

Welcome to Malaysia KLIA
Towards baggage claim area for international arrival at Main Terminal.

The contact pier is an extension of the main terminal building with gates marked with prefix A and B for domestic departures, G and H for international flights. The gate allocation is based on operational requirements, although it has been observed that Malaysia Airlines has been operating most of its operations out from the contact pier.

Satellite terminal A

Klia-satelliteterminal
Interior of the Satellite Terminal

The 176,000 square metres (1,890,000 sq ft) satellite building accommodates international flights departing and arriving at KLIA. Passengers have to travel to the satellite building via the Aerotrain. There is a wide array of duty-free shops and prestige brand boutiques in the satellite building. This includes international brands such as Burberry, Harrods, Montblanc, Salvatore Ferragamo. Among all international labels available within the terminal, some boutiques such as Harrods are only available in the airport. A number of restaurants and international airlines' lounges are available as well as an Airside Transit Hotel.

Within the terminal, wireless internet (Wi-Fi) is provided free of charge. The terminal also has prayer rooms, showers and massage service. Various lounge areas are provided, some including children's play areas and movie lounge, broadcasting movie and sport channels.[22] The terminal also features a natural rainforest in the middle of the terminal, exhibiting the Malaysian rainforests.

KUL-Satellite1
Palm trees in the satellite building
KUL-Satellite2
Satellite building near the Aerotrain

Under Malaysia Airports Berhad retail optimisation plan, the retail space in satellite terminal A will be further optimised to increase its revenue derived from commercial space rental and a percentage of sale receipts to 50% by year 2010 which currently stands at 35%. Some notable improvements that will be seen after the refurbishments will be the Jungle Boardwalk[23] which will be the first of its kind in the world and larger mezzanine floor to accommodate F&B outlets and viewing galleries.[24]

The gates in Satellite Terminal A have the prefix C. The Satellite A terminal has 27 boarding gates altogether.

klia2 (Terminal 2)

Logo of the KLIA2
The terminal logo
Bird-eye view of KLIA and KLIA2 - panoramio
The bird-eye view of KLIA Main Terminal Building (bottom) and KLIA2 (Top)
KLIA2 international departure hall 2016 September 1
The KLIA2 departure hall on 1 September 2016

Built at approximately RM4 billion, it is the largest purpose built terminal optimised for low-cost carriers in response to the exponential growth of low-cost travel in the region. It was built to replace the previous Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT). klia2 started its operations on 2 May 2014 and all flight operations at LCCT were moved to klia2 by 9 May 2014.[25][26]

As part of its development, a third runway (Runway 15/33) and a new air traffic control tower (Tower West) were built to support its operation. klia2 has an initial capacity of 45 million passengers per year. The terminal has a built-up area of 257,845 sqm with 68 departure gates, 10 remote stands, 80 aerobridges, includes a retail space of 35,000 sqm to accommodate a total of 220 retail outlets.[27] The main terminal building of klia2 is connected with its satellite piers with a skybridge, making it the first airport in Asia with such facility.[28] klia2 is certified with Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED).

Check-in counters are divided into 8 rows located in 4 islands, each row identified by the letters S – Z. Boarding gates are located in 5 piers, indicated by the letters J and K for domestic flights, and L, P and Q for international flights. Piers J, K and L are connected directly to the main terminal building, while Piers P and Q are accessible via the skybridge. Piers K and L are physically the same pier and share the same gates, but with waiting lounges on different levels (Level 1A for K and Level 2 for L). For international flights, the access door from Pier K is sealed off, while for domestic flights, the access door from Pier L is sealed off instead.

At present, inter-terminal connection is provided on the landside at Gateway@klia2 complex and there are provisions for future airside inter-terminal connection.

Gateway@klia2

Gateway@klia2 is an integrated shopping complex that is connected to the main klia2 terminal building. It has a 350,000 square feet of net lettable space spanning over four levels. The transport hub at Gateway@klia2 links klia2 to the KLIA Ekspres and KLIA Transit service, with allotted pick-up and drop-off areas for coaches, taxis, rented vehicles and private transportation.[29]

Gateway@klia2 hosts an 8-storey car park that directly adjoins klia2. There are 6,000 covered parking lots at Blocks A and B and another 5,500 lots at car park D. Shuttle buses are available to take the public from the car park D to the terminal.[30] The first capsule transit hotel in Asia named as the Capsule by Container Hotel is also located at Gateway@klia2. Gateway@klia2 is managed by WCT Holdings Berhad.[31]

KL City Air Terminal

KL City Air Terminal, sometimes known as Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal or KL CAT located at KL Sentral is a virtual extension of KL International Airport where city check-in services are provided. KL City Air Terminal is recognised by International Air Transport Association which carries IATA designation XKL. Currently there are only 3 airlines providing city check-in services, they are Cathay Pacific, Malaysia Airlines and Malindo Air.[32] However, the situation is due to be changed as 10 SITA's AirportConnect CUTE (Common Use Terminal Equipment) were installed on 10 check-in desks in KL CAT that enables all airlines to offer city check-in service for their passengers.[33]

Former low cost carrier terminal (LCCT)

The now defunct 36,000 square metres (390,000 sq ft) low cost carrier terminal (LCCT) was opened at Kuala Lumpur International Airport on 23 March 2006 to cater for the growing number of users of low-cost airlines, especially the passengers of Malaysia's "no-frills" airline, AirAsia. The terminal was designed and built in accordance to the low cost carrier business model, with limited terminal amenities. As requested by the low-cost airline, the terminal does not provide aerobridges, nor are there transfer facilities, rail connections, and other facilities provided in a full-fledged terminal. LCCT is located within the Air Support Zone, and has since ceased operations on 9 May 2014 and all low-cost carrier flights are now operating out of klia2.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
Air Astana Almaty
Air China Beijing–Capital
Air Mauritius Mauritius, Singapore
AirAsia Alor Setar, Banda Aceh, Bandar Seri Begawan, Bandung, Bangkok–Don Mueang, Bengaluru, Bhubaneswar, Bintulu, Chennai, Chiang Mai, Colombo, Da Nang, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Hanoi, Hat Yai, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Hua Hin, Hyderabad, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Johor Bahru, Kochi, Kolkata, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Krabi, Kuala Terengganu, Kuantan, Kuching, Kunming, Labuan, Langkawi, Lombok, Macau, Makassar, Malé, Manila, Medan, Miri, Nanning, Nha Trang, Padang, Palembang, Pattaya–U-Tapao, Pekanbaru, Penang, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Phu Quoc,[34] Pontianak, Sandakan, Semarang, Shantou, Shenzhen, Sibu, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville, Silangit, Singapore, Tawau, Tiruchirapalli, Vientiane, Visakhapatnam, Yangon, Yogyakarta
AirAsia X Amritsar,[35] Auckland (ends 11 February 2019),[36] Avalon,[37] Beijing–Capital, Busan, Changsha,[38] Chengdu, Chongqing, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Fukuoka (begins 28 February 2019),[39] Gold Coast, Hangzhou, Honolulu, Jaipur, Jeju, Kaohsiung,[40] Osaka–Kansai, Perth, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Wuhan, Xi'an
Seasonal: Jeddah, Medina
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
Bangkok Airways Koh Samui
Batik Air Chennai, Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Medan
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka
British Airways London–Heathrow
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines
operated by Shanghai Airlines
Shanghai–Pudong
China Southern Airlines Changsha, Guangzhou
Citilink Banyuwangi (begins 19 December 2018)[41]
Condor Frankfurt[42]
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Singapore
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Flynas Seasonal: Jeddah
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Himalaya Airlines Kathmandu
IndiGo Bengaluru,[43] Delhi[43]
Indonesia AirAsia Banda Aceh,[44] Bandung, Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Medan, Surabaya
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Basra
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore
KLM Amsterdam, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Lion Air Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Lucky Air Kunming, Lijiang[45]
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Malaysia Airlines Adelaide, Alor Setar, Auckland, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bandar Seri Begawan, Beijing–Capital, Bengaluru, Bintulu, Brisbane,[46] Chennai, Chongqing, Colombo, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hangzhou,[47] Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Jeddah, Johor Bahru, Kathmandu, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Terengganu, Kuantan, Kuching, Labuan, Langkawi, London–Heathrow, Manila, Medan, Medina,[48] Melbourne, Miri, Mumbai, Nanjing, Osaka–Kansai, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Sandakan, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sibu, Siem Reap, Singapore, Surabaya, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tawau, Tokyo–Narita, Wuhan, Xiamen, Yangon
Malindo Air Amritsar, Bangkok–Don Mueang, Bandung, Bengaluru, Brisbane, Colombo, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kathmandu, Kochi, Kolkata, Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Labuan, Lahore, Langkawi, Melbourne,[49] Mumbai, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose (begins 23 January 2019),[50] Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchirapalli, Wuhan, Yangon
Seasonal: Christmas Island
Nepal Airlines Kathmandu
Oman Air Muscat
Pakistan International Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi (begins 20 December 2018), Karachi, Lahore (resumes 20 December 2018)
Philippine Airlines Manila
Philippines AirAsia Cebu, Manila
Qatar Airways Doha
Regent Airways Dhaka
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh, Medina
Scoot Singapore
Shenzhen Airlines Shenzhen
SilkAir Singapore
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SriLankan Airlines Colombo
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Hat Yai
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk (ends 31 December 2018), Istanbul–Havalimanı (starts 1 January 2019)
US-Bangla Airlines Dhaka
Uzbekistan Airways Singapore, Tashkent
VietJet Air Ho Chi Minh City
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Xiamen

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Cargolux Baku, Luxembourg, Singapore, Zhengzhou[51]
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Guangzhou, Penang
Gading Sari Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Miri
Korean Air Cargo Penang, Seoul–Incheon
MASkargo Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[52] Bengaluru, Chennai, Chongqing,[53] Delhi,[52] Dhaka, Guangzhou,[53] Hanoi, Hong Kong, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Labuan,[54] Manila, Mumbai, Penang, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita,[55]
Silk Way Airlines Amsterdam, Baku,[56] Frankfurt, Singapore[57]
Uni-Top Airlines Shenzhen
UPS Airlines Penang,[58] Shenzhen

Statistics

Busiest international routes (2017)
Rank Airport Passengers % change
2016 / 17
1 Singapore Singapore, Singapore 4,084,555 Increase 6.4
2 Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Indonesia 2,530,573 Increase 18.5
3 Hong Kong Hong Kong, Hong Kong 1,585,486 Increase 2.9
4 Thailand Bangkok–Don Mueang, Thailand 1,504,436 Increase 12.3
5 Indonesia Denpasar, Indonesia 1,452,097 Increase 32.2
6 Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 1,229,434 Increase 13.8
7 Taiwan Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiwan 1,139,501 Increase 24.3
8 Thailand Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Thailand 1,105,556 Increase 19.5
9 United Arab Emirates Dubai, United Arab Emirates 848,211 Increase 5.0
10 South Korea Seoul–Incheon, South Korea 839,924 Increase 7.5
11 Bangladesh Dhaka, Bangladesh 835,730 Increase 12.9
12 Indonesia Medan, Indonesia 832,672 Increase 22.6
13 Australia Melbourne, Australia 812,041 Decrease 0.2
14 Thailand Phuket, Thailand 791,472 Increase 14.7
15 Philippines Manila, Philippines 773,612 Increase 21.9
16 China Guangzhou, China 745,712 Increase 13.5
17 Australia Sydney, Australia 737,152 Increase 13.5
18 United Kingdom London–Heathrow, United Kingdom 692,169 Increase 11.1
19 China Shanghai–Pudong, China 687,923 Increase 27.9
20 China Beijing–Capital, China 678,093 Increase 32.9
21 Indonesia Surabaya, Indonesia 670,045 Increase 8.0
22 Australia Perth, Australia 664,532 Increase 8.7
23 Sri Lanka Colombo, Sri Lanka 634,847 Increase 18.8
24 India Tiruchirappalli, India 631,897 Increase 25.9
25 Saudi Arabia Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 578,335 Increase 1.9
26 Qatar Doha, Qatar 557,377 Decrease 14.0
27 Japan Tokyo–Narita, Japan 525,547 Increase 1.0
28 India Delhi, India 482,642 Increase 11.3
29 India Chennai, India 473,617 Increase 4.1
30 Nepal Kathmandu, Nepal 473,582 Increase 16.0
31 Japan Osaka–Kansai, Japan 468,952 Increase 22.6
32 Vietnam Hanoi, Vietnam 453,093 Increase 31.2
33 Cambodia Phnom Penh, Cambodia 423,828 Increase 21.2
34 China Shenzhen, China 413,704 Increase 44.9
35 Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei 398,602 Increase 11.2
36 Indonesia Bandung, Indonesia 386,693 Increase 17.2
37 Japan Tokyo–Haneda, Japan 361,752 Increase 49.0
38 Myanmar Yangon, Myanmar 341,774 Increase 1.7
39 India Kochi, India 338,091 Increase 17.4
40 India Mumbai, India 332,864 Increase 15.6
41 Saudi Arabia Medina, Saudi Arabia 327,322 Increase 84.6
42 Thailand Krabi, Thailand 308,820 Increase 6.1
43 Indonesia Yogyakarta, Indonesia 298,584 Increase 33.2
44 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 284,290 Decrease 1.8
45 New Zealand Auckland, New Zealand 268,534 Increase 13.4
46 Indonesia Lombok, Indonesia 259,634 Increase 18.8
47 Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands 243,763 Increase 4.4
48 Thailand Chiang Mai, Thailand 241,943 Increase 6.6
49 India Bangalore, India 233,031 Increase 5.4
50 Australia Gold Coast, Australia 231,998 Increase 19.7
Source: Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad[1]
Busiest domestic routes (2017)
Rank Airport Passengers % change
2016 / 17
1 Sabah Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 2,817,358 Increase 9.2
2 Sarawak Kuching, Sarawak 2,305,570 Steady 0.0
3 Penang Penang, Penang 2,265,602 Increase 8.2
4 Kedah Langkawi, Kedah 1,921,454 Increase 2.5
5 Kelantan Kota Bharu, Kelantan 1,262,273 Decrease 0.6
6 Johor Johor Bahru, Johor 886,137 Increase 12.3
7 Sarawak Miri, Sarawak 841,583 Increase 2.1
8 Sarawak Sibu, Sarawak 724,388 Increase 4.9
9 Terengganu Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu 648,895 Increase 7.6
10 Sabah Tawau, Sabah 645,120 Increase 6.2
Source: Ministry of Transport Malaysia[59]
Operational statistics of Kuala Lumpur International Airport[1]
Year Passengers
handled
Passenger
% Change
Cargo
(tonnes)
Cargo
% Change
Aircraft
movements
Aircraft
% Change
1998 6,524,405 Steady 156,641 Steady 64,123 Steady
1999 13,172,635 Increase 101.9 417,068 Increase 166.3 116,589 Increase 81.8
2000 14,732,876 Increase 11.8 510,594 Increase 22.4 109,925 Decrease 5.7
2001 14,538,831 Decrease 1.3 440,864 Decrease 13.6 113,590 Increase 3.3
2002 16,398,230 Increase 12.8 527,124 Increase 19.6 127,952 Increase 12.6
2003 17,454,564 Increase 6.4 586,195 Increase 11.2 139,947 Increase 9.4
2004 21,058,572 Increase 20.6 651,747 Increase 11.2 165,115 Increase 18.0
2005 23,213,926 Increase 10.2 653,654 Increase 0.3 182,537 Increase 10.5
2006 24,129,748 Increase 4.0 672,888 Increase 3.0 183,869 Increase 0.7
2007 26,453,379 Increase 9.6 644,100 Decrease 4.3 193,710 Increase 5.3
2008 27,529,355 Increase 4.1 649,077 Increase 0.8 211,228 Increase 9.0
2009 29,682,093 Increase 7.8 584,559 Decrease 10.0 226,751 Increase 7.3
2010 34,087,636 Increase 14.8 674,902 Increase 15.4 245,650 Increase 8.3
2011 37,704,510 Increase 10.6 669,849 Decrease 0.7 269,509 Increase 9.7
2012 39,887,866 Increase 5.8 673,107 Increase 0.5 283,352 Increase 5.1
2013 47,498,157 Increase 19.1 680,982 Increase 1.2 326,678 Increase 15.3
2014 48,930,409 Increase 3.0 753,899 Increase 10.7 340,821 Increase 4.3
2015 48,938,424 Steady 0.0 726,230 Decrease 3.7 354,519 Increase 4.0
2016 52,643,511 Increase 7.6 642,558 Decrease 11.5 356,614 Increase 0.6
2017 58,554,627 Increase 11.2 710,186 Increase 10.5 387,234 Increase 8.6
Total passenger movements by countries (2017)
Rank Country Passengers movement % change
2016 / 17
1 Indonesia Indonesia 7,338,018 Increase 19.8
2 China China 4,338,846 Increase 29.6
3 Thailand Thailand 4,269,836 Increase 13.1
4 Singapore Singapore 4,084,555 Increase 6.4
5 India India 3,017,251 Increase 14.3
6 Australia Australia 2,566,818 Increase 7.6
7 Vietnam Vietnam 1,824,891 Increase 22.5
8 Hong Kong Hong Kong 1,585,486 Increase 2.9
9 Japan Japan 1,488,667 Increase 16.8
10 Taiwan Taiwan 1,226,199 Increase 27.4
Source: Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad[1]
Largest airlines by passengers (2017)
Rank Airlines Passengers carried % market
share
1 AirAsia 21,120,803 36.1
2 Malaysia Airlines 13,629,779 23.3
3 AirAsia X 5,455,965 9.3
4 Malindo Air 4,747,101 8.1
5 Indonesia AirAsia 1,129,200 1.9
6 Emirates 848,328 1.4
7 Indonesia AirAsia X 702,918 1.2
8 Thai AirAsia 607,380 1.0
9 Qatar Airways 557,415 0.9
10 Cathay Dragon 552,109 0.9
Source: Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad[1]
Busiest international freight routes (2017)
Rank Airport Freight
(tonnes)
% change
2016 / 17
1 Hong Kong Hong Kong, Hong Kong 56,781 Decrease 4.3
2 China Shanghai–Pudong, China 36,367 Increase 32.4
3 South Korea Seoul–Incheon, South Korea 31,550 Increase 15.3
4 Taiwan Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiwan 31,151 Increase 45.2
5 Singapore Singapore, Singapore 30,513 Increase 6.9
6 Japan Tokyo–Narita, Japan 26,187 Increase 6.6
7 Qatar Doha, Qatar 25,685 Increase 5.3
8 Australia Melbourne, Australia 22,951 Increase 19.9
9 Australia Sydney, Australia 21,801 Increase 13.2
10 China Shenzhen, China 20,025 Increase 35.2
Source: Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad[1]

Ground transportation

Inter-terminal transportation

KLIA Aerotrain2
Aerotrain station in Satellite Building

The Aerotrain is an automated people mover (APM) that connects the airside of KLIA Main Terminal Building (MTB) and the Satellite Building. Each 250-person capacity train can transport 3,000 passengers per hour in each direction at up to 56 km/h (35 mph). These three-car driverless trains run on elevated rail and under the taxiways. The journey takes under two minutes. The Aerotrain operates between three and five-minute intervals between terminal. Automatic train controls manage the operation of the entire Aerotrain system, controlling the speeds, headways, stops and door openings in stations, and integrating functions that enhance the reliability and performance of the system.[60]

KLIA Transit and KLIA Ekspres provides landside connections between klia2 and KLIA Main Terminal Building (MTB), and vice versa. This inter-terminal journey takes 3-minutes to connect both terminals before proceeding onwards to KL Sentral.[61]

External connections

Rail

Kuala Lumpur International Airport is linked to the KL Sentral transportation hub in the city centre by the 57 km long Express Rail Link (ERL). There are two ERL stations at the airport: KLIA station at the Main Terminal Building and klia2 station at Gateway@klia2. The airport is served by two rail services on the ERL:

Taxis and limousine

Airport taxis or airport limousines are provided by Airport Limo. The taxis and limousines are readily available at the Taxi and Limousine counters. They run from airport itself to destinations in Klang Valley and Greater Klang Valley. The fares are to be paid at the counter and are charged according to the destinations' zone. A surcharge is applied for services between 12 am to 5 am

Bus

Both public and private buses connect KLIA and klia2 to several points in Kuala Lumpur and beyond.

Expansion and developments

Plans

KLIAAeropolis
KLIA Aeropolis Masterplan

With the slight modification of the masterplan, the future Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be combined into one satellite terminal. The expansion of Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be exactly the same as Terminal 1's (the current Main Terminal) satellite terminal, where initially the satellite terminal will have four arms, and another four arms when the terminal reached its capacity. There is sufficient land and capacity to develop facilities to handle up to 97.5 million passengers a year, four runways by the year 2020 and two mega-terminals, each linked with satellite terminals.[5]

Summary of Kuala Lumpur International Airport Masterplan
Phase Year Description
Phase 1 1998 Initial Capacity of 25 million Passenger Per Annum
2006 Capable of Handling 35 million Passengers per annum with the construction of Low Cost Carrier Terminal
Phase 2 2008 Expansion of Low Cost Carrier Terminal to accommodate 40 Million Passengers per annum.
Phase 3 2011 New Low Cost Carrier Terminal will be constructed to accommodate additional 30 million (55 million) passengers Per Annum, Current Low Cost Carrier Terminal converted to cargo usage.
Not fixed Satellite Terminal B will be constructed to handle maximum of 75 million passengers. (One terminal accompanied by 2 satellite terminal and one low-cost carrier terminal)
Phase 4 Not fixed Terminal 2 and Satellite Terminal C will be constructed so that the airport is capable to handle 97.5 million passengers.

A380 upgrades

The operator of Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad, had spent about RM135 million (approx) to upgrade facilities at the KL International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang to accommodate the Airbus A380. Upgrading works started on 3 April 2006, and was completed by 28 May 2007. Works include the provision of shoulders on both sides of the two existing runways of 15 meters as well as the taxiways, building additional aerobridges at the three departure halls, namely C17, C27 and C37, and enhancing the mezzanine lounges for upper deck passengers of the aircraft at the departure halls. Emirates operates flights to Kuala Lumpur with the Airbus A380 commenced on 1 January 2012.[62] Malaysia Airlines also started its A380 services from Kuala Lumpur to London on 1 July 2012.[63]

KLIA C-Pier
Panoramic view of Main Terminal Building and Contact Pier

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