Kotlin-class destroyer

Kotlin-class destroyers were Cold War era ships built for the Soviet Navy. The Russian name for this class was Project 56 Spokoinyy (Спокойный, "tranquil"). 27 ships were built between 1955 and 1958; they were all decommissioned in the late 1980s. The Kildin class is based on the design of the Kotlins. The Chinese Luda class which is based on the Soviet Neustrashimy class, also borrows some design concepts from the Kotlin class.[1]

SAM Kotlin class destroyer Vozbuzhdenyy.
Kotlin-class destroyer Vozbuzhdenyy in January 1981
Class overview
Name: Kotlin class
Preceded by: Neustrashimy class
Succeeded by: Kildin class
Built: 1955-1958
In commission: 1955-1992
Completed: 27
Active: 0
Retired: 27
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
  • 2,662 tonnes (2,620 long tons; 2,934 short tons) (standard),
  • 3,230 t (3,180 long tons; 3,560 short tons) (full load)
Length: 126.1 m (414 ft)
Beam: 12.7 m (42 ft)
Draught: 4.2 m (14 ft)
  • 2 × shaft geared steam turbines,
  • 4 boilers, 72,000 hp (54 MW)
Speed: 38 knots (70 km/h; 44 mph)
Complement: 284
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar: Fut -N (air search), Ryf (surface)
  • Sonar: Pegas
  • 4 × 130 mm (5.1 in) guns (2×2)
  • 16 × 45 mm (1.8 in) (4×4)
  • 10 × 533 mm (20 in) torpedo tubes (2×5)
  • 6 depth charge throwers (later replaced by ASW mortars)
  • 50 × mines


This design was a smaller version of the Neustrashimy-class destroyer which was seen as being too large and expensive for economic series production, as well as too slow. Detailed design changes eliminated some of the problems seen during trials of Neustrashimy. A production run of 100 ships was planned but this was curtailed because of the advent of the guided missile. 32 were ordered, but four ships were completed as the Kildin class (Project 56E/EM). The last vessel was canceled.

11 ships (Project 56PLO, Kotlin Mod.) were modified for enhanced ASW capabilities by adding rocket depth charge launchers.

In 1962, the Soviet Navy installed the navalized version of the S-125 Neva, the SA-N-1 'Goa', to a surface-to-air missile Kotlin-class destroyer, Bravyi (also spelled Bravyy) for testing. The system used the 4K90 (V-600) missile that could engage targets at distances from 4–15 km (0–10 mi) and altitudes of 100–10,000 m (300–32,800 ft). Fire control and guidance was provided by 4R90 Yatagan radar. The system could track only one target at a time. The missiles were loaded on the dual-arm ZIF-101 launcher, with under-deck magazine storage for 16 more.

The Soviet Navy would eventually retrofit seven Kotlin-class ships to carry SAMs; these ships were known to NATO as the Kotlin SAM class (Project 56A). One more was modified and sold to Poland (Project 56AE, being the only Project 56 destroyer exported). Later versions of the SAM system, such as the Volna-M (SA-N-1B), the Volna-P, and Volna-N provided greater missile range and capability.


Soviet destroyer Vyderzhannyy underway c1973
Soviet destroyer Vyderzhannyy c.1973, in Project 56 configuration
Soviet Spokoynyy-class destroyer underway c1973
Unidentified Soviet Kotlin-class destroyer c.1973, in Project 56PLO configuration
Soviet destroyer Nakhodchivyy in 1983, in Project 56A configuration
Ship Russian Builder Launched Commissioned Modernisation Decommissioned
Spokoinyy Спокойный - "Peaceful" Zhdanov, Leningrad 28 November 1953 27 June 1956 none 19 April 1990
Svetlyy Светлый - "Bright" (or "Light") 27 October 1953 17 September 1955 none 25 April 1989
Speshnyy Спешный - "Rapid" none 25 April 1989
Skromnyy Скромный - "Modest" SAM (56A) 25 April 1989
Svedushchiy Сведущий - "Knowledgeable" SAM (56A)
Smyshlenyy Смышленый - "Sharp (quickwitted)" ASW (56PLO)
Skrytnyy Скрытный - "Secretive" none
Soznatelnyy Сознательный - "Aware" SAM (56A)
Spravedlivyy Справедливый - "Just" SAM (56AE) Transferred to the Polish navy as ORP Warszawa in 1970
Nesokrushimyy Несокрушимый - "Indestructible" SAM (56A)
Nakhodchivyy Находчивый - "Resourceful" SAM (56A)
Nastoychivyy Настойчивый - "Persistent" SAM (56A)
Byvalvyy Бывалый - "Experienced" Nikolayev ASW (56PLO)
Bravyy Бравый - "Brave" SAM (56K)
Besslednyy Бесследный - "Untraceable" ASW (56PLO)
Burlivyy Бурливый - "Turbulent" or "Tempestuous" ASW (56PLO)
Blagorodnyy Благородный - "Noble" ASW (56PLO)
Blestyashchyy Блестящий - "Brilliant" ASW (56PLO)
Plammeny Пламенный - "Fiery" or "Ardent" ASW (56PLO)
Naporystyy Напористый - "Forceful" ASW (56PLO)
Vyzyvayushchiy Вызывающий - "Challenging" Komsomolsk-na-Amure ASW (56PLO)
Veskiy Веский - "Convincing" none
Vdokhnovenyy Вдохновенный - "Inspiring" ASW (56PLO)
Vozmuschenyy Возмущенный - "Indignant" ASW (56PLO)
Vozbuzhdenyy Возбужденный - "Excited" SAM (56A)
Vliyatelnyy Влиятельный - "Influential" none 17 July 1988
Vyderzhannyy Выдержанный - "Consistent" 24 June 1957 10 December 1957 none 24 April 1992
  • Bravyy - was the Kotlin SAM prototype

The ships were scrapped between 1987 and 1990.

See also


  1. ^ "Глава 2. Ударные надводные силы ВМС НОАК" [Chapter 2. Surface Impact Forces]. flot.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-05.
  • Gardiner, Robert (ed.) (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. London: Conway Maritime. ISBN 0-85177-605-1. OCLC 34284130.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Also published as Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. OCLC 34267261.

External links

Feliks Gromov

Fleet Admiral Feliks Nikolayevich Gromov (Russian: Феликс Николаевич Громов; born August 29, 1937, Vladivostok) is a former Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy. Gromov is married and has a daughter and a son[1].

Gromov was born in Vladivostok and joined the navy in 1955. He completed the S.O. Makarov Pacific Higher Naval School in 1959. He served as an officer on a destroyer and in 1961 served in the strategic missile troops on an exchange programme. Gromov returned to the navy in 1962 and served on the Sverdlov class cruiser Admiral Senyavin and the Kotlin class destroyer Vdokhnovennyy. He subsequently commanded the cruisers Senyavin and the Dmitriy Pozharsky.

In 1977 Gromov became commander of a squadron of surface ships in the Baltic Fleet and was transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet in 1982. In 1984 he became deputy commander of the Soviet Northern Fleet and was promoted to its commander in 1988.

In 1992 Gromov was given command of the Russian Navy following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. He was promoted to Admiral of the Fleet by Boris Yeltsin in 1996 and retired in 1997 at age 60, the mandated retirement age for Admirals and Fleet Admirals.

The Jamestown Foundation speculated that Gromov was dismissed because of a Russian Pacific Fleet ammunition explosion which seems to have attracted wide attention.

Guided missile destroyer

A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.

In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.

HMS Ark Royal (R09)

HMS Ark Royal (R09) was an Audacious-class aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy and, when she was decommissioned in 1979, was the Royal Navy's last remaining conventional catapult and arrested-landing aircraft carrier. She was the first aircraft carrier to be equipped with angled flight deck at its commissioning; her sister ship, HMS Eagle, was the Royal Navy's first angle-decked aircraft carrier after modification in 1954. Ark Royal was the only non-United States vessel to operate the McDonnell Douglas Phantom at sea.

HMS Yarmouth (F101)

HMS Yarmouth was the first modified Type 12 frigate of the Rothesay class to enter service with the Royal Navy.

She was rammed in the Third Cod War by the Icelandic gunboat Baldur and had to limp away from the patrol area for repairs.

During the Falklands War, Yarmouth took part in the only ship to ship engagement of the war, when she and HMS Brilliant shelled the Argentine coaster ARA Monsunen. In the last action of the conflict, Yarmouth and HMS Endurance recaptured the South Sandwich Islands.

Kildin-class destroyer

The Kildin-class destroyer was a series of destroyers built for the Soviet Navy in the 1950s. They were a missile armed version of the Kotlin-class destroyer, and the class was named for Kildin Island. Four ships were built around the KSShch (КСЩ, SS-N-1) anti-ship missile. When this missile became obsolete in the 1960s, three ships were modernised in 1972-1977. All ships were decommissioned in the late 1980s early 1990s. The Soviet designation was Project 56EM for the prototype (Bedovyy), Project 56M for three series ships, and Project 56U for the modernised ships.

Kirov-class cruiser

The Kirov-class (Project 26) cruisers were a class of six cruisers built in the late 1930s for the Soviet Navy. After the first two ships, armor protection was increased and subsequent ships are sometimes called the Maxim Gorky class. These were the first large ships built by the Soviets from the keel up after the Russian Civil War, and they were derived from the Italian cruiser Raimondo Montecuccoli, being designed with assistance from the Italian Ansaldo company. Two ships each were deployed in the Black and Baltic Seas during World War II, while the last pair was still under construction in the Russian Far East and saw no combat during the war. The first four ships bombarded Axis troops and facilities after the Germans invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. All six ships survived the war and lingered until the 1970s in training and other secondary roles before being scrapped.


Kotlin may refer to:

Kotlin, Greater Poland Voivodeship, a village in west-central Poland

Kotlin Island, a Russian island near the head of the Gulf of Finland

Kotlin (programming language), a Java-compatible programming language

Kotlin-class destroyer, a class of destroyers built for the Soviet Navy

Kotlin, a brand for vegetable and fruit products of Agros Nova, a Polish company

List of ships of Russia by project number

The list of ships of Russia by project number includes all Russian ships by assigned project numbers. Ship descriptions are Russian assigned classifications when known. (The Russian term "проект" can be translated either as the cognate "project" or as "design".)

Project 1: Leningrad-class destroyer (Series I)

Project 2: Uragan-class guard ship (Series I & III)

Project 3: Fugas-class minesweeper (Series I)

Project 4: Uragan-class guard ship (Series II)

Project 5: Toplivo-1 class water lighter

Project 6: Dekabrist-class submarine

Project 7: Gnevny-class destroyer

Project 7U: Soobrazitelny-class destroyer

Project 9: S-class diesel attack submarine

Project 19: NKVD large guard ship, cancelled

Project 20: Tashkent-class destroyer leader

Project 21: Study for 35,500-ton Nelson class-style battleship

Project 22: Heavy cruiser design cancelled 1939

Project 23: Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleship

Project 24: post-World War II battleship design

Project 25: Study for 30,900-ton battleship

Project 26: Kirov-class light cruiser

Project 29 Yastreb-class guard ship

Project 29K Yastreb-class guard ship (completed after World War II)

Project 30: Ognevoy-class destroyer

Project 30K: Ognevoy-class destroyer (completed after World War II)

Project 30bis: Skoryy-class destroyer

Project 33: Conversion of Kirov-class cruiser Voroshilov to missile cruiser

Project 34: Modernization of Skoryy-class destroyers

Project 35: Mirka-class large patrol ship

Project 35M: Mirka II-class large patrol ship

Project 38: Leningrad-class destroyer (Series II)

Project 39: Uragan-class guard ship (Series IV)

Project 40: Destroyer design cancelled 1944

Project 41: Neustrashimy-class destroyer

Project 42: Kola-class large patrol ship

Project 43: NKVD guard ship

Project 45: Opytny-class experimental destroyer

Project 47: 4500-ton destroyer design

Project 48: Kiev-class destroyer leader

Project 50: Riga-class large patrol ship

Project 52: Purga-class large guard ship

Project 53: Fugas-class minesweeper (Series II)

Project 53U: Fugas-class minesweeper (Series III)

Project 56 Spokoinyy: Kotlin-class destroyer

Project 56A: Modified Kotlin-class large anti-submarine ship

Project 56EM: Kildin-class destroyer (prototype)

Project 56M: Kildin-class destroyer

Project 56U: Modernised Kildin-class destroyer

Project 57 Gremjashny: Kanin-class guided missile destroyer (prototype)

Project 57bis: Kanin-class guided missile destroyer

Project 57AM/PLO: Kanin-class ASW destroyer

Project 58: Fugas-class minesweeper (Series IV)

Project 58: Kynda-class missile cruiser

Project 59: T-250-class minesweeper

Project 60: Coastal minesweeper design

Project 61: Kashin-class destroyer

Project 61M: Modified Kashin-class large anti-submarine ship

Project 66: heavy cruiser design

Project 68: Chapayev-class light cruiser

Project 68bis: Sverdlov-class light cruiser

Project 69: Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser

Project 70E: Modified Sverdlov-class light cruiser

Project 71: Small aircraft carrier design cancelled 1940

Project 82: Stalingrad-class battlecruiser battlecruiser

Project 83: Ex-German heavy cruiser Lützow

Project 96: M-class submarine (Series VI, VI-bis & XII)

Project 96M: M-class submarine (Series XV, completed after World War II)

Project 97: Dobrynya Nikitich-class icebreaker

Project 97AP/2: Improved Dobrynya class icebreaker

Project 97P: Ivan Susanin-class icebreaker and border patrol ship

Project 106: Vydra-class landing craft

Project 122: Kronshtadt-class patrol boat

Project 122A: medium floating dry dock

Project 123: Komsomolets-class, motor torpedo boat

Project 130: Bereza-class deperming vessel

Project 133 Antares: Muravey-class border patrol boat

Project 133.1M: Parchim III-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 133.2: Parchim II-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 141: kashtan-class mooring buoy tender

Project 145: Sura-class mooring/buoy tender

Project 159: Petya-class frigate

Project 160: Altay-class tanker

Project 183: P-6-class torpedo boat

Project 183T: P-8-class torpedo boat

Project 183TK: P-10-class torpedo boat

Project 183R: Komar-class fast missile boat

Project 204: Poti-class anti-submarine corvette

Project 205M Tsunami: Osa-class fast missile boat

Project 205P Tarantul: Stenka-class border patrol boat

Project 206 Shtorm: Shershen-class torpedo boat

Project 206E: Mol-class torpedo boat (export version of Shershen class)

Project 206M: Turya-class torpedo boat

Project 206MR Vikhr: Matka-class missile boat

Project 253L MT: MT class minesweeper

Project 254: T43-class seagoing minesweeper

Project 257: Vanya-class coastal minesweeper

Project 258: T43-class minesweeper radar picket conversion

Project 258M: Upgrading of radars on Project 258 ships

Project 264: T58-class minesweeper radar picket conversion

Project 265: Sasha class minesweeper

Project 266 Rubin: Yurka-class seagoing minesweeper

Project 266M Akvamarin: Natya-class seagoing minesweeper

Project 266DB Akvamarin 2: Natya II-class seagoing minesweeper

Project 300: Oskol I-class floating workshop

Project 301T: Oskol II-class floating workshop

Project 303: Modified Oskol-class floating workshop

Project 304: Amur-class floating workshop

Project 304M: Amur II class repair ship with passenger facilities

Project 305: Tomba-class electric power station

Project 310 Batur: Don-class submarine support ship

Project 323: Lama-class floating missile technician base

Project 323B: Improved Lama class ballistic missile transport

Project 357: Libau-class despatch vessel

Project 376U: Yaroslavets class training launch

Project 394B: Primor'ye-class intelligence collection ship

Project 411B: Dry cargo lighter

Project 431: Cargo lighter

Project 437N: Khobi-class small tanker

Project 503M: Alpinist-class small intelligence ship

Project 513M: Modified T-43-class environmental monitoring ship

Project 527M: Prut-class rescue ship

Project 530 Karpaty: Nepa-class submarine salvage vessel

Project 536: Pioner Moskvy-class underwater research support ship

Project 537: Elbrus-class rescue ship

Project 550: Amguema-class polar logistics ship

Project 561: Voda-class water tanker

Project 563: Goryn-class seagoing tug

Project 563S: Goryn-class rescue tug

Project 577: Uda-class military tanker

Project 593: Volgograd trials tender

Project 611: Zulu-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 611AV : Zulu-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 613: Whiskey-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 615: Quebec-class coastal attack submarine

Project 627 Kit: November-class nuclear-powered attack submarine (prototype)

Project 627A: November-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 628: Golf I-class diesel-electric strategic missile submarine

Project 629M: Golf II-class diesel-electric strategic missile submarine

Project 633: Romeo-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 636 Varshavyanka: Improved Kilo-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 640: Whiskey Canvas Bag-class radar picket submarine

Project 640T: Whiskey Canvas Bag-class communications submarine

Project 640U: Whiskey Twin Cylinder class missile submarine (prototype)

Project 641: Foxtrot-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 641B Som: Tango-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 644: Whiskey Twin Cylinder-class missile submarine

Project 645 November-class nuclear-powered attack submarine with liquid metal reactor

Project 651: Juliett-class diesel-electric cruise missile submarine

Project 655: Whiskey Long Bin-class diesel-electric cruise missile submarine

Project 658: Hotel I-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 658M: Hotel II-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 659: Echo I-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

Project 659T: Echo I-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 661 Anchar: Papa-class nuclear-powered guided missile submarine

Project 664: Projected nuclear-powered amphibious assault submarine-minelayer.

Project 665: Whiskey-class diesel electric submarine

Project 667A Navaga: Yankee-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine

Project 667AM Navaga-M: Yankee II-class ballistic missile submarine

Project 667AU Nalim: Yankee I & II class missile upgrade

Project 667AT Grusha: Yankee Notch-class attack submarine conversion

Project 667M Andromeda: Yankee Sidecar-class cruise missile submarine conversion

Project 667B Murena: Delta I-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 667BD Murena-M: Delta II-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 667BDR Kalmar: Delta III-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 667BDRM Delfin: Delta IV-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 670A Skat: Charlie I-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

Project 670M Chayka: Charlie II-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

Project 671 Yersh: Victor I-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 671RT Semga : Victor II-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 671RTM Shchuka: Victor III-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 675: Echo II-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

Project 677: Lada: Sankt Petersburg-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 685: Plavnik: Mike-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 690: Kefal: Bravo-class diesel-electric submarine

Project 699: Upgraded Vanya-class minesweeper

Project 701: Hotel III-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 705 Lira: Alfa-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 712: Sliva-class rescue tug

Project 717: Projected nuclear-powered amphibious assault submarine (1970)

Project 730: Roslavl-class seagoing tug

Project 733: Okhtenskiy-class seagoing tug

Project 733S: Goliat-class Rescue tug developed from Okhtenskiy class seagoing tug, hence S suffix added to the project number (S = Spastel'niy)

Project 740: Yunnyy Partizan-class freighter

Project 745: Sorum class seagoing tug

Project 748: Projected nuclear-powered amphibious assault submarine

Project 770: Polnocny A-class small landing ship

Project 771: Polnocny B-class small landing ship

Project 772U: Bryza class training cutter

Project 773: Polnocny C-class medium landing ship

Project 773U: Polnocny D-class medium landing ship

Project 775: Ropucha I-class large landing ship

Project 775M: Ropucha II-class large landing ship

Project 776: Modified Polnocny C-class amphibious assault command ship

Project 782: meidum floating dry dock

Project 823: medium floating dry dock

Project 850: Nikolay Zubov-class expeditionary oceanographic vessel

Project 860 Azimut: Samara-class hydrographic survey ship

Project 861: Moma-class hydrographic survey ship

Project 861M: Moma-class small intelligence ship

Project 862: Yug-class expeditionary oceanographic vessel

Project 862.1: Yug-class medium intelligence ship

Project 862.2: Improved Yug-class intelligence ship

Project 864: Vishnya-class large intelligence ship

Project 865 Pyranja: Losos-class midget submarine

Project 870: Kamenka-class hydrographic survey ship

Project 871: Biya-class hydrographic survey ship

Project 872: Finik-class munition ship

Project 873: Sibiryakov-class expeditionary oceanographic vessel

Project 877 Paltus: Kilo-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 885 Yasen: Severodvinsk-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 887: Smolnyy-class training ship

Project 935: Borei-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (prototype)

Project 940 Lenok: India-class diesel-electric rescue submarine

Project 941 Akula: Typhoon-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 945A Barrakuda: Sierra I-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 945B Kondor: Sierra II-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 949 Granit: Oscar I-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

Project 949A Antei: Oscar II-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

Project 955: Borei-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine

Project 955A: Borei II-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine

Project 956 Sarych: Sovremenny-class destroyer

Project 956A Sarych: Improved Sovremenny-class destroyer

Project 959 Oko: proposed further T58-class minesweeper radar picket conversion with improved radar

Project 962: proposed radar picket ship based on the Kara-class cruiser

Project 971 Bars: Akula-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 971U Shchuka B: Akula II-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 977.0 Akson: Yankee Pod-class nuclear-powered submarine sonar testbed conversion

Project 978.0: Yankee Stretch-class nuclear-powered small submarine support submarine

Project 996: proposed Sovremennyy-class destroyer radar picket conversion

Project 1041.0: Svetlyak-class fast patrol boat

Project 1041.1: Svetlyak-class Kh-35 missile boat

Project 1041.2: Svetlyak-class gunboat (export version)

Project 1075: Lida-class minesweeper

Project 1083.1: Paltus-class special purpose submarine

Project 1112: Klazma-class cable ship

Project 1123 Kondor: Moskva-class anti-submarine cruiser

Project 1124K Albatros: Grisha IV-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 1124M Albatros: Grisha III-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 1124P Albatros: Grisha II-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 1124.4 Albatros: Grisha V-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 1134 Berkut: Kresta I-class missile cruiser

Project 1134A Berkut A: Kresta II-class large anti-submarine ship

Project 1134B Berkut B: Kara-class large anti-submarine ship

Project 1135 Burevestnik: Krivak I / Bditel'nyy-class large patrol ship

Project 1135M Burevestnik M: Krivak II / Bessmennyy-class large patrol ship

Project 1135.1 Nerey: Krivak III / Menzhinskiy-class border patrol ship

Project 1135.2 Burevestnik: Modernized Krivak I / Legkiy-class large patrol ship

Project 1135.5 Nerey: Krivak III-class border patrol ship

Project 1135.6 Grigorovich: Admiral_Grigorovich-class large patrol ship

Project 1141.1 Sokol: Aleksandr Kunakhovich small anti-submarine ship

Project 1143 Krechet: Kiev-class aircraft-carrying cruiser

Project 1143.5 Orel: Kuznetsov-class heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser

Project 1143.7 : Ulyanovsk-class heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser

Project 1144.2 Orlan: Kirov-class nuclear-powered missile cruiser

Project 1145.1 Sokol: Mukha small anti-submarine ship

Project 1151.0: Belyanka-class transport

Project 1154.0 Yastreb: Neustrashimyy-class frigate

Project 1153 OREL: projected nuclear-powered aircraft carrier (1976)

Project 1155 Fregat: Udaloy I-class large anti-submarine ship

Project 1155.1 Fregat: Udaloy II / Admiral Chabanenko-class large anti-submarine ship

Project 1157.0: Sadko-class Seagoing armament transport

Project 1159: Koni-class frigate

Project 1160 Oryel: projected nuclear-powered aircraft carrier (1969)

Project 1164 Atlant: Slava-class missile cruiser

Project 1166.1: Gepard-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 1171 Tapir: Alligator-class large landing ship

Project 1171.1: Ivan Gren-class landing ship

Project 1172: Emba-class cable ship

Project 1174: Ivan Rogov-class large landing ship

Project 1175: Biryusa-class cable ship

Project 1176 Akula: Ondatra-class landing craft

Project 1177.0 Serna: Serna-class landing craft

Project 1178: Kherson proposed Kiev-type amphibious assault ship

Project 1190: Khasan-class river monitor

Project 1204: Shmel'-class river monitor

Project 1205 Skat: Gus-class landing craft (hovercraft)

Project 1206 Kalmar: Lebed-class landing craft (hovercraft)

Project 1206.1 Murena: Tsaplya-class landing craft (hovercraft)

Project 1206.1E: export version Type 1206.1 without artillery rocket launchers.

Project 1206T: Pelikan class minelayer, mine laying version of Project 1206

Project 1208 Slepen': Yaz-class river patrol boat

Project 1209 Omar: Utenok-class landing craft (hovercraft)

Project 12210: fuel lighter

Project 1232.1 Dzheyran: Aist-class small landing ship (hovercraft)

Project 1232.2 Zubr: Zubr-class small landing ship (hovercraft)

Project 1234 Ovod: Nanuchka I-class small missile ship

Project 1234.1: Nanuchka III / Burun-class small missile ship

Project 1234.2: Nanuchka IV / Nakat-class small missile ship

Project 1236: Potok (Seman')-class torpedo trials ship Torpedo trials ship

Project 1239 Sivuch: Dergach / Bora class small missile ship

Project 1240 Uragan: Sarancha-class fast missile boat

Project 1241 Molniya: Tarantul I-class missile boat

Project 1241PE: Modified Pauk-class border patrol ship

Project 1241.1RZ Molniya M: Tarantul III-class missile boat

Project 1241.2 Molniya: Tarantul II-class missile boat

Project 1241.2 Molniya 2: Pauk-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 1241.2P Molniya 2: Pauk I-class border patrol ship

Project 1248 Moskit: Vosh-class river patrol boat

Project 1248.1: Vosh class riverine patrol boat without mine laying rails.

Project 1249: Piyavka-class border patrol ship

Project 1258: Yevgenya-class harbor minesweeper

Project 1259 Malakhit: Olya-class minesweeper

Project 1265 Yakhont: Sonya-class base minesweeper

Project 1266.0: Gorya-class seagoing minesweeper

Project 1270.0: Alexandrit-class minesweeper

Project 1274: Improved Klasz'ma class cable layer with mine laying capability

Project 1330: fisheries protection boat

Project 13560: medium floating dry dock

Project 1360: Chika class presidential yacht

Project 1388M: Razvedchik class flag officer's yacht

Project 1415.1: Tanya class workboat

Project 1431.0: Mirazh-class border patrol boat

Project 1452: Ingul-class rescue tug

Project 1453: Ingul-class rescue tug

Project 1454: Sorum Mod-class experimental craft

Project 14670: officers' yacht

Project 1481: Bis-class Riverine fuel lighter

Project 15010: fuel lighter

Project 1541: Luza-class missile fuel tanker

Project 1545: Baskunchak-class tanker water tanker

Project 1549: Manych-class water tanker

Project 1559B: Boris Chilikin-class military tanker

Project 1593: Boris Chilikin-class military tanker

Project 1595: Neon Antonov-class freighter

Project 16570: Khoper-class salvage tug

Project 16900A: Kanin-class cargo lighter

Project 1710 Makrel: Beluga-class experimental submarine

Project 1760: Medium floating dry dock

Project 1780: Shilka class medium floating dry dock

Project 1783A: Vala-class special wastes tanker

Project 1791: Amga-class transport

Project 1799: Pelym-class deperming vessel

Project 1799A: Improved Pelym class deperming vessel

Project 1806: Onega-class hydroacoustic monitoring ship and physical fields measuring vessel

Project 1823: Muna-class military transport

Project 1824: Muna-class military transport

Project 1826: Lira / Balzam-class large intelligence ship

Project 1828: Yuriy Ivanov-class large intelligence ship

Project 1840: Lima-class experimental submarine

Project 1851: Paltus (Nelma) class special op submarine

Project 1859: Berezina replenishment ship. Holm lists as Project 1833. Single vessel, Berezina, operated in the Black Sea Fleet from 1978 (acceptance into fleet service) to 2002. Scrapped in Turkey in late 2002.

Project 1886 Ugra-class submarine tender

Project 1893: Katun I-class firefighting ship

Project 1908: Akademik Sergei Korolev telemetry tracking and control ship

Project 1909: Kosmonavt Yuri Gagarin telemetry tracking and control ship

Project 1910 Kashalot: Uniform-class special purpose submarine

Project 1914.1: Marshal Nedelin-class range instrumentation ship

Project 1917: Kosmonaut Vladimir Komarov telemetry tracking and control ship

Project 1918: Vytegrales-class transport

Project 1941 Titan: Kapusta-class command ship

Project 1993: Katun II-class firefighting ship, also known as Ikar class

Project 2012.0 Sargan: Sarov-class submarine

Project 2020: Malina-class nuclear fuel transport ship

Project 2038.0: Steregushchy-class corvette

Project 2038.2 Tigr: Steregushchy-class corvette (export version)

Project 2038.5: Gremyashchiy-class corvette

Project 2038.6: Derzky-class corvette

Project 20910: Chilim class air cushioned vehicle

Project 21270: flag officer's yacht

Project 2163.0: Buyan-class corvette

Project 2163.1: Buyan-class missile corvette

Project 2163.2: Tornado, export version of Buyan

Project 2182.0: Dyugon-class landing craft

Project 2190.0: Project 21900 icebreaker

Project 2195.6: Proposed multi-purpose destroyer

Project 2198.0: Grachonok-class counter saboteur ship

Project 2212.0: Purga-class icebreaker

Project 2216.0: Vasily Bykov-class large patrol ship

Project 2235.0 Admiral Gorshkov-class frigate

Project 2246.0: Rubin-class border patrol vessel

Project 2280.0: Karakurt-class corvette

Project 2313.0: Academician Pashin-class military tanker

Project 2356.0: Lider-class destroyer

Project 2356.0E Shkval: Lider-class destroyer (export version)

Project 11711E: Cayman : amphibious assault ship

Project 11430E: Lamantin : nuclear-powered heavy aircraft carrier

Project A-202: Roslavl-class seagoing tug

Project B-92: Neftegaz-class tug

Project B-93: Akademik Fersman-class geophysical research ship

Project B-99: Iva / Vikhr-class rescue tug

Project B-320/320 II: Ob'-class floating hospital

List of ships of the Polish Navy

This is a list of ships of the Polish Navy from the outbreak of World War II to the present day.

ORP Warszawa

Three ships of the Polish Navy have been named ORP Warszawa, after the capital city of Warsaw:

ORP Warszawa (1920), was a monitor of the Riverine Flotilla of the Polish Navy, launched in 1920 and scuttled in 1939. She was raised by the Soviets and commissioned as Vitebsk (Витебск). She was scuttled on 18 September 1941 near Kiev, raised in August 1944, and then scrapped.

ORP Warszawa (1970), was a Kotlin-class destroyer which was launched in 1956 and served in the Soviet Navy as Spravedlivyy. She was commissioned into the Polish Navy in 1970 and decommissioned in 1986.

ORP Warszawa (1988), was a modified Kashin-class destroyer launched in 1968 as the Soviet Smelyi (Смелый). She was purchased from the USSR in 1988 and decommissioned in 2003.

ORP Warszawa (1970)

ORP Warszawa was a Kotlin-class destroyer. Built in Leningrad in the 1950s, she was originally named Spravedlivyy in the Soviet Navy. She was later transferred to the Polish navy in 1970, the only ship of this class to be so transferred. She served until 1986 when the vessel was decommissioned.

Project 56

Project 56 may refer to:

Project 56 (nuclear test), a series of nuclear safety tests

Project 56 (album), a 2008 album by Deadmau5

Kotlin-class destroyer

Soviet cruiser Molotov

Molotov (Russian: Молотов) was a Project 26bis Kirov-class cruiser of the Soviet Navy that served during World War II and into the Cold War. She supported Soviet troops during the Siege of Sevastopol, the Kerch-Feodosiya Operation and the amphibious landings at Novorossiysk at the end of January 1943.

The ship was extensively modernized between 1952 and 1955. She was renamed Slava (Russian: Слава, Glory) in 1957 after Vyacheslav Molotov fell out of favour. Slava was reclassified as a training ship in 1961 before being sold for scrap in 1972.

Soviet destroyer Sposobny (1970)

Sposobny (Russian: Способный, "Capable") was a Project 61 (NATO reporting name Kashin)-class destroyer of the Soviet Navy, which briefly became part of the Russian Navy. The ship served during the Cold War from 1971 to 1989.

She served with the Pacific Fleet for the duration of her career, often operating in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific in order to show the flag. Sposobny cruised in the Indian and the Pacific Oceans during 1973–1974, 1983, and 1985, punctuated by a 1976 goodwill visit to Vancouver, Canada, and active support to Vietnam during the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese War. A planned modernization in 1987 at the Sevastopol Marine Plant in Ukraine was never completed due to the fall of the Soviet Union and she was transferred to the Russian Navy despite a failed Ukrainian attempt to take control. Sold to the shipyard to pay off debts, the destroyer was decommissioned in 1993 before being sold for scrap two years later.


Spokoyny (masculine), Spokoynaya (feminine), or Spokoynoye meaning peaceful in Russian may refer to:

Spokoyny (settlement), a settlement in the Republic of Adygea, Russia

Kotlin class destroyer (Project 56), or Project 56 Spokoyny, a cold-war era Soviet Navy destroyer

Spokoynaya, a village (stanitsa) in Krasnodar Krai, Russia

Spokoyny (volcano), a volcano in the Kamchatka peninsula, Russia

Type 051 destroyer

The Type 051 destroyer (NATO/OSD Luda-class destroyer) was a class of guided missile destroyers deployed by China. It was the first guided missile destroyer fielded by the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), and the first designed and built in China. The class was based on the Soviet destroyer Neustrashimy. 17 were built from 1970 to 1990; it was not until the 21st century that China would again build a class in such large numbers.

NATO/OSD broadly grouped variants from refits and newer construction under the Luda I, Luda II, Luda III, and Luda IV classes.

USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67)

USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) (formerly CVA-67) is the only ship of her class (a variant of the Kitty Hawk class of aircraft carrier) and the last conventionally powered carrier built for the United States Navy. The ship was named after the 35th President of the United States, John F. Kennedy, and was nicknamed "Big John". Kennedy was originally designated a CVA (fixed wing attack carrier); however, the designation was changed to CV.

After nearly 40 years of service in the United States Navy, Kennedy was officially decommissioned on 1 August 2007. She is berthed at the NAVSEA Inactive Ships On-site Maintenance facility in Philadelphia and, until late 2017, was available for donation as a museum and memorial to a qualified organization. In late 2017, the Navy revoked her "donation hold" status and designated her for dismantling.

The name has been adopted by the future Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carrier John F. Kennedy (CVN-79).

USS Walker (DD-517)

USS Walker (DD-517), a Fletcher-class destroyer, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for Admiral John Grimes Walker (1835–1907).

Walker was laid down on 31 August 1942 by the Bath Iron Works Corp., Bath, Maine; launched on 31 January 1943, sponsored by Miss Sarah C. Walker; and commissioned on 3 April 1943, Commander O. F. Gregor in command.

The first seven months of Walker's service took place in the Atlantic where she was engaged in Caribbean escort duty and training exercises in preparation for Pacific combat duty. The highlights of this period included the capture on 7 August of 43 survivors of the U-615 which had been damaged by Navy air units off Cuba, and the responsibility of escorting the Secretary of State, Cordell Hull, from San Juan, Puerto Rico, to Casablanca to participate in the Moscow Conference of October 1943.

Viktor Chirkov

Viktor Viktorovich Chirkov (Russian: Виктор Викторович Чирков; born 8 September 1959, in Alma-Ata, Kazakh SSR) is a Russian admiral and the former commander of the Baltic Fleet. On 6 May 2012, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, succeeding Vladimir Vysotsky, who had occupied the post for almost five years. He retired from his position due to health reasons in March 2016.

Soviet and Russian ship classes after 1945
Aircraft carriers
P / M / T boats
Amphibious ships
Spy ships
Air-cushioned crafts
Patrol icebreakers
Other vessels


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