Koro (village in Fijian) is a volcanic island of Fiji that forms part of the Lomaiviti Archipelago. The Koro Sea is named after this volcanic island, which has a chain of basaltic cinder cones extending from north to south along its crest. With a land area of 105.3 square kilometers (42.1 square Miles), it is the seventh largest island of Fiji. Its latitude is 17.18°; its longitude is 179.24°. Its population in 1960 was around 2,500. As of 2007 around 4,500 Fijians lived on the island, in 14 villages,today a lot of families of European countries are building houses in this island. A roll-on, roll-off ferry services Koro twice weekly from Suva, and also connects Koro to Vanua Levu to the North. Northern Air provides one scheduled flight per week to Koro, usually on Saturday from Suva.
The island has an airport, situated on its eastern coast. On its northwestern tip is situated the Dere Bay Resort and the Koro Beach Resort. A residential subdivision, Koro Seaview Estates was established around Dere Bay Resort in 1989 and about 60 homes have been established in the development as of 2009, including a re-constructed 300-year-old home imported from Java, Indonesia. Copra and Dalo are the main exports on the island. The village of Nacamaki on the northern side of the island does a traditional turtle calling ceremony during which villagers chant songs and turtles rise to the surface. Forestry and timber logging are the major economic activities. The island has several small medical stations and schools up to High school. A Western Union and a post office are also on the island.
The US 2d Marines (regiment) was based on Koro in June and July 1942 as a defense force before deploying to Guadalcanal. The short-lived 2002 U.S. reality show Under One Roof was filmed on Koro Island. Koro Island was featured on Home and Garden TV's International House Hunters in 2009. The episode was filmed in May 2009.
Map of Fiji
|Adjacent bodies of water||Koro Sea|
|Area||105.3 km2 (40.7 sq mi)|
|Length||17 km (10.6 mi)|
|Largest settlement||Nakodu (pop. 500)|
|Pop. density||42.735 /km2 (110.683 /sq mi)|
|Ethnic groups||Native Fijians, Indo-Fijians ; other (Asian, Europeans, other Pacific Islander)|
The 1st Marine Division (1st MARDIV) is a Marine infantry division of the United States Marine Corps headquartered at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California. It is the ground combat element of the I Marine Expeditionary Force (I MEF).
It is the oldest and largest active duty division in the United States Marine Corps, representing a combat-ready force of more than 19,000 men and women. It is one of three active duty divisions in the Marine Corps today and is a multi-role, expeditionary ground combat force. It is nicknamed "The Old Breed".3rd Battalion, 2nd Marines
3rd Battalion, 2nd Marines (3/2) is an infantry battalion in the United States Marine Corps based out of Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Consisting of approximately 1000 Marines and Sailors and nicknamed the "Betio Bastards", they fall under the command of the 2nd Marine Regiment of the 2nd Marine Division.Cyclone Winston
Severe Tropical Cyclone Winston was the most intense tropical cyclone in the Southern Hemisphere on record, as well as the strongest to make landfall in the Southern Hemisphere, with the possible exception of 1899's Cyclone Mahina in both regards. Winston is also the costliest tropical cyclone on record in the South Pacific basin. The system was first noted as a tropical disturbance on 7 February 2016, when it was located to the northwest of Port Vila, Vanuatu. Over the next few days, the system gradually developed as it moved southeast, acquiring gale-force winds by 11 February. The following day, it underwent rapid intensification and attained ten-minute maximum sustained winds of 175 km/h (110 mph). Less favourable environmental conditions prompted weakening thereafter. After turning northeast on 14 February, Winston stalled to the north of Tonga on 17 February. Due to a change in higher level steering, the storm drifted back to the west. In the process, Winston again rapidly intensified, reaching Category 5 intensity on both the Australian tropical cyclone scale and the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale on 19 February. The storm passed directly over Vanua Balavu, where a national record wind gust of 306 km/h (190 mph) was observed.
The cyclone reached its peak intensity on 20 February, with ten-minute sustained winds of 280 km/h (175 mph) and a pressure of 884 hPa (mbar; 26.10 inHg), shortly before making landfall on Viti Levu, Fiji. Thereafter, the storm slowly weakened within a less favourable environment; the system turned southeast during this time, though remained well away from Fiji. It later degenerated into a remnant low, with some subtropical characteristics, on 24 February as it turned to the west and later northwest. The system persisted for more than a week over the Coral Sea before ultimately moving over Queensland, Australia, and dissipating on 3 March, 26 days after being classified a tropical disturbance.
In advance of the storm's arrival in Fiji, numerous shelters were opened, and a nationwide curfew was instituted during the evening of 20 February. Striking Fiji at Category 5 intensity on 20 February, Winston inflicted extensive damage on many islands and killed 44 people. Communications were temporarily lost with at least six islands, with some remaining isolated more than two days after the storm's passage. A total of 40,000 homes were damaged or destroyed and approximately 350,000 people—roughly 40 percent of Fiji's population—were significantly impacted by the storm. Total damage from Winston amounted to FJ$2.98 billion (US$1.4 billion). The nation's government declared a state of emergency on 20 February, which remained in place for 60 days. Immediately following the cyclone, the governments of Australia and New Zealand provided logistical support and relief packages. In the following weeks, a coalition of international support, including intergovernmental agencies, brought tens of millions of dollars in aid and hundreds of tons of supplies to residents in Fiji.Fiji whistler
The Fiji whistler (Pachycephala vitiensis) is a species of bird in the family Pachycephalidae, which is endemic to Fiji.Koro Airport
Koro Airport (IATA: KXF, ICAO: NFNO) is an airport serving Koro, one of the Lomaiviti Islands in Fiji. It is operated by Airports Fiji Limited.Koro Sea
The Koro Sea or Sea of Koro is a sea in the Pacific Ocean between Viti Levu island, Fiji to the west and the Lau Islands to the east, surrounded by the islands of the Fijian archipelago.
It is named after Koro Island.List of islands of Fiji
This is a list of islands of Fiji. Fiji is an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean.
It is split into 9 separate geographic island groups. The smallest is the Conway Reef Islands and Skerries, and the largest is the Vanua Levu Group.Malumu ni Tobu kei Naivaukura
Malumu ni Tobu kei Naivaukura also known as Malumu ni Tobu in short is a Fijian music band based in Fiji. Jiosefata Veitaukula is the lead singer. One of its songs, "Rosi Ni Waisiliva", was nominated at the 2017 Fiji Performing Rights Association Music Awards.Maroon shining parrot
The maroon shining parrot or red shining-parrot, Prosopeia tabuensis, is a species of parrot in the family Psittaculidae. It is endemic to the islands of Vanua Levu and Taveuni in Fiji and was introduced to the islands of southern Tonga in prehistoric times. The species is sometimes considered conspecific with the crimson shining-parrot of Kadavu. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests.Nabuna
Nabuna (Pronounced Nam-boo-nah) is a small village on the north western side of Koro Island in the Lomaiviti Group of islands in Fiji. It consists of approximately 60 dwellings with further dwellings in sub-settlements just to the south and east. It is connected to the rest of the island by one road running east and south connecting to the ferry jetty on the southern tip of Koro Island and other villages to the east and south. There is also a small little used track running to the east towards the two resorts on the island.
The village is populated by Fijians with a single church in the center of the village with a large grass area in front of the church facing north and to the seaside. The whole village is at sea level, built right up to the shore line. Water is supplied to the village by means of a pipe running from a catchment area up the hills in the south. A small creek is running along the eastern side of the village making a boundary. Mains power is supplied by a diesel generator which is run at set times in the evening. Villages have access to supplies by means of small village "canteen's" which bring in supplies from Suva on the mainland. The main industry is growing and supplying Kava and Taro to the mainland, shipped usually once a week. Other form of income for the villages is tourists who arrive from time to time in private boats and shown traditional dancing and drinking yaqona (a drink made from Kava).
In 2016 severe tropical cyclone Winston came through to the north and impacted Nabuna severely, most dwellings destroyed or severely damaged. Even the church sustained damage. According to reports 12 people from Nabuna were injured during this event. Others remain in shelters while the Fijian Government, with assistance from Australian, New Zealand, Chinese and other nation's aid relief are shipped to the island.Sakiusa Sing
Sakiusa Michael Kue Sing (22 August 1946 – 22 December 2005) was an educator in Fiji. Born on Koro Island of Fijian and Chinese descent, Sing was considered a pioneer of Catholic education in Fiji.Sathi Narain
Sir Sathi Narain (1919 - 19 October 1989) was a Fiji Indian businessman who built a construction and shipping business.Sioeli Nau
Sioeli Nau also known as Joel Nau (1825 – 1895) was a Tongan Methodist minister. He was the son of Lu'isa Ma'ukakalafo'ou Lauaki and Filipe 'Onevela. He was also the grandson of Matapule Lauaki the Nima Tapu.Tanoa Visawaqa
Ratu Tanoa Visawaqa (pronounced [βisaːˈɰaːŋɡa]) (dead on 8 December 1852) was a Fijian Chieftain who held the title 5th Vunivalu of Bau. With Adi Savusavu, one of his nine wives, he was the father of Ratu Seru Epenisa Cakobau, who succeeded in unifying Fiji into a single kingdom.Tora ni Bau
There are three confederacies in the Fijian Traditional Government, Kubuna, Tovata and Burebasaga. One of the two Paramount chiefly tribes in the Kubuna Confederacy is the "ToraniBau" the other (Vunivalu of Bau)
The first known documented and installed Tora ni Bau was Ratu Virivirilau who was installed in Delai Batiki Kubuna Bau . Seven other Tora ni Bau were also installed and resided in Tailevu along the eastern coast of Viti Levu. The following eight holders of the Tora ni Bau title relocated and resided in the chiefly island of Batiki in the Lomaiviti province.
The traditional Tora ni Bau lineage was empowered by the strong traditional ties of warriors (Bati) which included the chiefly tribes of Waimaro in the Naitasiri province , including other warrior tribes along the coast of Tailevu and Ra. From the Lomaiviti province, warrior (Bati) linkages were led by the warrior clans of Sawaieke in Gau, and Cawa in Koro island.
Traditional protocol between some Chiefs and warriors (Bati), is the Chief's abstinence of consumption of fish in the presence of warriors, and the abstinence of pork for the warriors in the presence of their chiefs. This is still somewhat practiced today, and was also one of the reasons the eighth Tora ni Bau, Ratu Isireli Mocelakolako relocated to the island of Batiki in the Lomaiviti group.
The Tora ni Bau is closely linked to the Vunivalu of Bau. This was strengthened by the marriage of Ratu Seru Cakobau's eldest daughter, Adi Viniana to the (known) tenth Tora ni Bau, Ratu Josaia Loloma.Trials since the 2000 Fijian coup d'état
A number of prominent participants in the 2000 Fijian coup d'état were tried, and some convicted, in 2004 and 2005. Many of those tried include Cabinet Minister, parliamentarians, and others who have links to the present government, which has come under criticism from some quarters for releasing on parole some of the persons convicted.
Strained relationships among some of Fiji's senior judges have raised some concerns about the conduct of the trials. The Fiji Sun claimed on 3 November 2005 that documents in their possession revealed that three Justices – Nazhat Shameem, Anthony Gates and John Byrne – had written to Chief Justice Daniel Fatiaki asking that Justice Michael Scott be excluded from any Supreme Court panel hearing appeals against any of their cases, saying that Scott had exercised "extreme hostility" toward them ever since the upheaval of 2000. They alleged that he had demanded an inquiry into their conduct and had threatened to sue them on his own retirement from the bench. Shameem unsuccessfully applied to have Scott excluded from the panel hearing the appeal of former Senator Ratu Rakuita Vakalalabure, who was convicted by Shameem of coup-related offences.
Police Commissioner Andrew Hughes revealed on 4 January 2006 that 782 individuals had been charged and convicted for 28 types of offences in relation to the coup.USS Vincennes (CA-44)
USS Vincennes (CA-44) was a United States Navy New Orleans-class cruiser, sunk at the Battle of Savo Island in 1942. She was the second ship to bear the name.
She was laid down on 2 January 1934 at Quincy, Massachusetts, by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Company's Fore River plant, launched on 21 May 1936, sponsored by Miss Harriet Virginia Kimmell (daughter of Joseph Kimmell, mayor of Vincennes, Indiana), and commissioned on 24 February 1937, Captain Burton H. Green in command.The New Orleans-class cruisers were the last U.S. cruisers built to the specifications and standards of the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. Such ships, with a limit of 10,000 tons standard displacement and 8-inch caliber main guns may be referred to as "treaty cruisers." Originally classified a light cruiser when she was authorized, because of her thin armor, Vincennes was reclassified a heavy cruiser, because of her 8-inch guns. The term "heavy cruiser" was not defined until the London Naval Treaty in 1930. This ship and Quincy were a slightly improved version of the New Orleans-class design.