The Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) established in 1989, is the aeronautics and space agency of Republic of Korea(South Korea). Its main laboratories are located in Daejeon, in the Daedeok Science Town. KARI's vision is to continue building upon indigenous launch capabilities, strengthen national safety and public service, industrialize satellite information and applications technology, explore the moon, and develop environmentally-friendly and highly-efficient cutting-edge aircraft and core aerospace technology. Current projects include the KSLV-2 launcher. Past projects include the 1999 Arirang-1 satellite. The agency was founded in 1989. Prior to South Korea's entry into the IAE in 1992, it focused primarily on aerospace technology.
|Korea Aerospace Research Institute|
|Motto||Aerius Spatium |
|Formation||October 10, 1989|
Republic of Korea
|Cho Gwang-rae (조광래)|
|Naro Space Center|
|National Research Council of Science & Technology|
|₩ 688.8 billion; $583 million|
KARI began on October 10, 1989 as a national aerospace research institute with the purpose of contributing to sound development of the national economy and enhancement of people's lives through a new exploration, technological advancement, development, and dissemination in the field of aerospace science and technology.
KARI began in 1989 to develop its own rockets. It produced the KSR-I and KSR-II, one and two-stage rockets in the early 1990s.
KARI is also developing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, high-altitude airships, a next-generation multi-purpose helicopter project, next- generation medium satellite, and a lunar exploration project. In addition, several satellites, including the KOMPSAT (also known as Arirang) Series, the COMS (Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite), and the STSAT (Science and Technology Satellite), are developed, operated, or under development by KARI. On January 30, 2013, they launched a satellite into space from their own soil for the first time.
KSLV-1 launched on August 25, 2009. It was originally a cluster indigenous liquid KSR-III rockets with a solid propellant to form a multistage launcher. However, KARI experienced more difficulties than expected in SLV development, because it required much stronger propellant power than KSR-III possessed to launch a satellite into orbit. After several failed attempts, KARI turned to Russia's Khrunichev Design Bureau for assistance in developing a liquid-propellant rocket engine for the KSLV-1 as well as for cooperation in the construction of the launch facility at the Naro Space Center. KSLV-1 was transformed into a two-stage launcher, 33 m high with a maximum diameter of 2.9 m. It has a mass of 140 tons at lift-off. The first stage of the launcher was derived from the Russian URM-1 (Universal Rocket Module) developed by Khrunichev. The second stage of the launcher was a solid Kick Motor developed by Korea, which includes the Inertial Navigation System; the power, control, and flight safety systems; plus the nose fairing. KSLV-1 was the most prominent project of the whole South Korean space development program and was successfully launched in late January 2013. South Korea is planning to launch its next rocket KSLV-2 by year 2019. The first stage of its rocket will have 4 clustered engines, each of which will have a 75 metric ton thrust. It was announced that KARI has already developed few prototypes of a 75 metric ton thrust engine.
The Test Launch Vehicle (TLV) is a two stages rocket used to test the performance of the 75-tons and 7-tons thrust rocket engines that will power the KSLV-2. The TLV is 25.8 meters in length, 2.6 meters in diameter, and with a mass of 52.1 tons. The main-stage Kerolox engine is fully gimballed. 
|Thrust||75 metric tons|
|Dry Mass||38 tons|
The first TLV was launched from the Naro Space Center in Goheung, South Jeolla Province. The main objective of the first suborbital flight was for the single-stage rocket's main engine to burn 140 seconds, reaching a 100 km altitude before splashing down in the sea between Jeju Island and Okinawa Island.
The maiden flight was first delayed from October 25, 2018, for two months, due to abnormal readings detected in the rocket propellant pressurization system. The test flight was then rescheduled for November 28, 2018, at 16:00 KST(UTC+9). No payload is to be placed into orbit.
The launch of the first TLV while deemed successful with its main engine burning for 151 seconds in a 10 minute flight, was not broadcast live. After reaching a maximum suborbital altitude of 209 kilometers, the rocket stage hit the ocean 429 kilometers southeast of Jeju.
KSLV-3 was initially designed to launch geostationary satellites of 6 tons, and to enter service in 2023. Due to the development of the Small launch vehicle (SSLV), KSLV-III is changed to GEO-SLV, whith a payload of 3t to GEO.
The core stage will powered by four KRE-90 engines of 90 tons thrust, plus four liquid boosters each with a KRE-90 engine. The second stage will be powered by a KRE-90V staged combustion cycle engine.
KRE-010V, the Korean staged combustion cycle engine of 10 tons thrust had a 100 second burn test on December 6th, 2018. It will be used as the upper stage (3rd stage) engine of KSLV-III.
|Vacuum Thrust (tonf)||8-10|
|Vacuum Specific Impulse, Isp (s)||>350|
|Preburner Pressure (bar)||>200|
|Combustion Chamber Pressure (bar)||>80|
|Engine Cycle||Staged Combustion|
|Operation Time (s)||>600|
KSLV-4 was expected to carry the 64-tons class space station's modules. KSLV-4 scheduled to enter service in 2028 (updated plan). Due to the development of the Small launch vehicle (SSLV), KSLV-IV will be no longer be developed.
By 2025 it should be able to put a payload of less than 500kg to LEO.
On November 12, 2018, the South Korean government was discussing with its American counterparts, on its plan to develop solid-fuel space vehicles, and comparable to the Japanese Epsilon rocket in performance.
In December 2016, KARI signed a lunar exploration technical cooperation with NASA which increased the possibility of exploration success greatly. The Korean Lunar Exploration Program (KLEP) is divided in two phases. Phase 1 incorporates the launch and operation of a lunar orbiter called Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (KPLO), which will be the first lunar probe by South Korea, meant to develop and enhance South Korea's technological capabilities, as well as map natural resources from orbit. Phase 2 will include a lunar obiter, a lunar lander, and a rover to be launched together on a KSLV-II South Korean rocket from the Naro Space Center, in 2025.
KASS is the Korean model of satellite-based augmented systems (SBAS), a technology that is capable of reducing GPS error to less than 3m. Korea is expected to become the only seventh country in the world to own an SBAS, beginning in July 2020. This technological achievement is a prerequisite for Korea joining the G7.
Korea Multiple-Purpose Satellite- 3A (KOMPSAT-3A) was launched on 25 March 2015, on a Dnepr-1 launch vehicle from the Jasny Kombarovsky site in Russia. The purpose of the KOMPSAT-3A is to enable us to take advantage of geographical information systems (GIS) in environmental, agricultural, and oceanographic sciences, and to facilitate natural hazards. The KOMPSAT-3A is equipped with two distinctive sensors, a high-resolution multi-spectral (MS) optical sensor, namely the Advanced Earth Image Sensor System-A (AEISS-A), and the Scanner Infrared Imaging System (SIIS).
In late 2011, KARI unveiled its tiltrotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) that can fly at around 400 km/hr.
Arirang-1 or Arirang I is an unmanned artificial satellite created by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute and launched by a US rocket on December 21, 1999. This was the first satellite built primarily by South Korean engineers, although previous foreign-built satellites had been launched by Korean companies. It carries a surveillance camera able to distinguish objects with a diameter of 6.6 meters. It takes its name from the popular Korean folk song Arirang.
The satellite was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California on a Taurus rocket. It had been built in Daedeok Science Town in Daejeon, South Korea. The parts were shipped in three stages from Korea to California by First Express International, a Korean shipping firm.The Arirang-1 was succeeded by the Arirang-2 in 2006. Additional satellites in the series are planned.
On January 6, 2008, the Korea Aerospace Research Institute reported that they had lost contact with the satellite. It is suspected to have had a malfunction that has affected power generation.Chollian
Chollian, (Korean, lit. Thousand Li View) also known as Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite 1 (COMS-1), is a South Korean satellite which was launched in June, 2010. It will be operated by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute, who will use it for communication, oceanography, and meteorological observation.
COMS-1 was constructed by EADS Astrium, and is based on the Eurostar-3000S satellite bus, bringing together ESA-made heritage from Meteosat and lessons learned from Eurostar satellites respectively. It has a mass of 2,460 kilograms (5,420 lb), and carries transponders broadcasting in the D/E and K bands of the NATO-defined spectrum, or the L/S and Ka bands of the IEEE-defined spectrum respectively. Its single solar array is expected to generate a minimum of 2.5 kilowatts of power.COMS-1 was launched by Arianespace using an Ariane 5ECA carrier rocket lifting off from ELA-3 at the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana. The first attempt to launch it occurred on 23 June 2010, however the launch was scrubbed due to a problem with one of the rocket's subsystems. A subsequent attempt on 24 June was also scrubbed, due to a problem with the pressurisation of the rocket's fuel tanks. The launch occurred at 21:41 UTC on 26 June 2010. The Saudi Arabian Arabsat-5A satellite was launched by the same rocket, with a SYLDA adaptor being used to separate the spacecraft. Arabsat-5A was mounted atop the SYLDA, with COMS-1 underneath it.Following launch, COMS-1 separated into a geosynchronous transfer orbit. It will use an apogee motor to raise itself into geosynchronous orbit. Once it reaches this orbit, it will undergo testing before beginning operations at a longitude of 128.2 degrees East. Its mission is scheduled to last seven years, however the satellite has a design life of ten years.Daedeok Science Town
Daedeok Innopolis, formerly known as Daedeok Science Town, is the research and development district in the Yuseong-gu district in Daejeon, South Korea. Daedeok Innopolis grew out of the research cluster established by President Park Chunghee in 1973 with the opening of the KAIST. Over 20 major research institutes and over 40 corporate research centers make up this science cluster. Over the last few years, a number of IT venture companies have sprung up in this region, which has a high concentration of Ph.Ds in the applied sciences. There are 232 research and educational institutions to be found in Daejeon, many in the Daedeok region, among them the Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute and the Korea Aerospace Research Institute. The "town" will provide a core for the International Science and Business Belt.
The Daedeok Innopolis logo was created by the industrial design company INNO Design in Palo Alto, USA.Goheung County
Goheung County (Goheung-gun) is a county in Jeollanam-do Province, South Korea.Index of Korea-related articles (K)
This is a partial list of Korea-related topics beginning with K. For Korean words starting with ㄱ, see also under G.Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee
The Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) is an inter-governmental forum whose aim is to co-ordinate efforts to deal with debris in orbit around the Earth founded in 1993.KAI KUH-1 Surion
The KAI KUH-1 Surion is a twin-engine, transport utility helicopter developed primarily by Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI), Agency for Defense Development (ADD) and Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) jointly with Eurocopter. In 2006, the research and development phase of the Korea Helicopter Project - Korea Utility Helicopter (KHP-KUH), costing around 1.3 trillion won ($1.2 billion), was launched by the Agency for Defense Development. In 2012, full-scale production of the Surion commenced; KAI has been designated as the principal manufacturer of the type.An initial force of around 245 Surions have been ordered by the Republic of Korea Army to replace their aging fleets of UH-1H utility helicopters and 500MD light utility helicopters, which have been in service for decades. KAI shall also construct civilian and law enforcement variants of the helicopter.In 2017, the Surion was the centerpiece of an embezzlement scandal involving parent company KAI, the South Korean Ministry of National Defense and its Defense Acquisition Program Administration.KPLO
KPLO may refer to:
KPLO-TV, a television station (channel 13 digital) licensed to Reliance, South Dakota, United States, rebroadcasting KELO-TV
KPLO-FM, a radio station (94.5 FM) licensed to Reliance, South Dakota, United States
Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter, the first lunar exploration mission by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute.KSLV-II
KSLV-II, also known as Nuri (누리), is South Korea's second carrier rocket and the successor of KSLV-1. This three-stage rocket is entirely developed by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI), and planned launched into space in 2021. All stages will use indigenously developed rocket engines. The South Korean government is setting SpaceX as a role model, especially in making cheaper and reliable rockets for commercial launch service. The goal is to launch a 1,500 kg payload into a 600–800 km low Earth orbit (LEO) and 2,600 kg into a 300 km LEO.Kari
Kari or KARI may refer to:
Kari or curry, a pan-Asian variety of dishes made of spices and/or herbs
Kari Motor Speedway, Coimbatore
Kari (moon), a natural satellite of Saturn
Kari (music), a technique in shakuhachi music
Kari (name), real and fictional people with the given name, nickname or surname
Kari, Jhunjhunu, a village in Rajasthan, India
Kari, Tchériba, a village in Mouhoun Province, Burkina Faso
Kari, Tikamgarh, a town in Madhya Pradesh, India
Kari, Iran, a village in Bushehr Province, Iran
Kari-ye Bozorg ("Greater Kari"), a village in Ardabil Province, Iran
Kari people, also Cari, Aka-Kari or Aka-Cari, a tribe in the Andaman Islands, India
Kari language, also Cari, Aka-Kari or Aka-Cari, spoken by the Kari people
Kari language, a Bantu language spoken in Africa
Kári, son of Fornjót, the personification of wind in Norse mythology
KARI or the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute
KARI (AM), an AM radio station broadcasting on 550, licensed to Blaine, WA
Karo-kari (honor killings against women are Kari)
Korea Aerospace Research InstituteKo San
Ko San (born October 19, 1976) is CEO and founder of TIDE Institute and ATEAM Ventures.Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Satellite 4
The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Satellite 4 (Kaistsat 4) is an ultraviolet telescope in a satellite. It is funded by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute, and was launched on 27 September 2003 into an Earth orbit with a height between 675 and 695 km.Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter
The Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (KPLO) is a planned lunar orbiter by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) of South Korea. The orbiter, its science payload and ground control infrastructure, are technology demonstrators. The orbiter will also be tasked with surveying lunar resources such as water ice, uranium, helium-3, silicon, and aluminium, and produce a topographic map to help select future lunar landing sites.
The mission is planned to be launched in December 2020 on a Falcon 9 rocket.Naro Space Center
Naro Space Center is a South Korean spaceport in South Jeolla's Goheung County, operated by the state-run Korea Aerospace Research Institute.
The spaceport is located about 485 km (300 mi) south of Seoul. It includes two launch pads, a control tower, rocket assembly and test facilities, facilities for satellite control testing and assembly, a media center, an electric power station, a space experience hall and a landing field. It supported 4 launches, and will also support the KSLV-II launch in 2021, and SSLV launches in 2025.STSAT-2A
STSAT-2A (Science and Technology Satellite 2A) was a satellite launched by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI), the national space agency of South Korea, from the Naro Space Center in Goheung County, South Jeolla using the Naro-1 (KSLV-1) rocket.The 100-kilogram (220 lb) satellite carried a Lyman-alpha Imaging Solar Telescope (LIST) as well as Satellite laser ranging (SLR) payload.The Satellite Technology Research Center (SaTReC) developed STSAT-2A as a sun observation, satellite laser ranging and engineering and technology demonstration sponsored by the Ministry of Science and Technology. It was expected to be operational for about two years, and was scheduled to be launched between 2005 and 2007.The Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) instrument was intended to measure the orbit of STSAT-2A, in order to investigate variations in its orbit.It was a followup to STSAT-1, which was launched using a Kosmos-3M rocket on September 27, 2003. Originally a Dual-channel Radiometers for Earth and Atmosphere Monitoring (DREAM) Microwave radiometer was intended as the principal payload of STSAT-2A for an expected launch in 2007. The Laser Retro-reflector Array (LRA) was described as an early expected payload for STSAT-2A which would consist of nine retro-reflectors in a mechanical casing.STSAT-2A has three missions, the indigenous research and development to place a satellite into low orbit, development of indigenous spacecraft, and the ability to develop scientific payloads.STSAT-2A was launched on the maiden flight of the Naro-1 rocket, which lifted off the Naro Space Centre, on the southern coast of South Korea at 08:00 GMT on 25 August 2009. The launch failed to place STSAT-2 into orbit after half of the payload fairing failed to separate. This resulted in the second stage being too heavy to reach orbit, and it fell back to Earth along with the satellite. Further investigation is ongoing. A second satellite, STSAT-2B, was launched on June 10, 2010, but the launch vehicle failed again.STSAT-2B
STSAT-2B, or Science and Technology Satellite 2B, was a South Korean satellite which was lost in the failure of the second flight of the Naro-1 carrier rocket. It was to have been operated by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute, and was intended to demonstrate technology for future spacecraft. The satellite had a mass of 100 kilograms (220 lb), and was expected to operate for at least two years.STSAT-2B was originally intended to operate alongside a second spacecraft, STSAT-2A; however STSAT-2A was lost in 2009 after the payload fairing of its carrier rocket failed to separate, leaving the rocket unable to achieve orbit.STSAT-2C
STSAT-2C, or Science and Technology Satellite 2C, or Naro Science Satellite(ko:나로과학위성) is a South Korean satellite which was launched in 2013. It is operated by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute, and is intended to demonstrate technology for future spacecraft. The satellite has a mass of 100 kilograms (220 lb), and is expected to operate for less than a year.STSAT-2C was launched at 07:00 UTC on 30 January 2013, on the third flight of the Naro-1 carrier rocket, with a Russian first stage derived from the Angara and a South Korean second stage. Liftoff occurred from the Naro Space Centre, and the rocket successfully deployed the satellite into at 292-by-1,511-kilometre (181 by 939 mi) low Earth orbit inclined at 80.3 degrees. The launch marked the first successful flight of the Naro-1, which had previously failed to launch STSAT-2A in 2009 and STSAT-2B in 2010.Science and technology in South Korea
Science and technology in South Korea has advanced throughout the decades.
South Korean space program
|Space launch vehicles|