Koovarji Karsan Rathor

Rai Saheb Koovarji Karsan Rathor (1898–1976) was a noted Kutchi railway & civil contractor, businessman & philanthropist from Cuttack, India.[1]

Life sketch

He was born to Karsan Bhima Rathor in Madhapar, who belonged to Mestri community of Kutch.[2][3] His father Karsan Bhima was a noted railway contractor, who settled in Cuttack, while doing railway contract. The Shail Sadan Palace in Bolangir belonging to royal family of Patna Raj was constructed in 1910 by Karsan Bhima Rathor, Jagmal Bhima Rathor & other contractor of Kutch like Parbat Vira of Khambhra.[3][4] Further, Karsan Bhima and his elder brother Jagmal Bhima were the contractors, who were involved in building of railway lines from Kharagpur to Cuttack during the years 1892 to 1898 along with other contemporary Mistri contractors like Manji Jeram of Madhapar, Khora Ramji and others from Sinugra, Khambhra, etc. In 1897 they were involved in laying the lines and building the bridge over Dhelang River in Khurda Road to Puri section for Bengal Nagpur Railway, in 1902 works in Gondia - Jabalpur section, in 1906 works in Gondia - Nagbhid section and in 1910 the Tatanagar - Gorumahsini section with other Mistri railway contractors of Kutch.[3][5] They have also done works of building palaces, courts & highway in erstwhile princely states of Mayurbhanj, Patna, Keonjhar & Sundargarh.[4][5]

Koovarji Karsan did his primary education in Madhapar and later studied from various school in Mayurbhanj and Cuttack. He joined his father's business along with his brother Raghu Karsan, as railway & civil contractor. But later he diversified into other businesses and started ice factory & flour mill in Cuttack named Bhima Ice Factory in the year 1922.[6] Further, he also started another factory by same name at Chilika in 1928.[7][8] Looking into plight of poor fisher-mans, he for many years, did not take storage charges from them. The present Ice Factory Road in Cuttack is named after their ice-factory.[2] He also started cold storage and ice factories in Kalapada, Behrampore and Babugam.[5] Later in 1929 he was one of the founder director of Cuttack Electric Supply Co Ltd.[5][9] He also started and owned a cinema hall and several hotels with his brother Raghu Karsan and was one of the big land-owners at Cuttack.[2][10] He was also noted for his philanthropy works like starting of school named Gujarati Pathshala in 1928, which was renamed Anglo-Gujarati School at Cuttack in 1941.[1] Further, he also started a library having more than three thousand books at Cuttack in year 1931.[1] He was given title of Rai Sahib in 1926 by British for his works in development of railways, industries and philanthropy.[5] He also started a Dharamshala & public dispensary in Cuttack and Puri for pilgrims[5] and also built a Shiva temple in Cuttack, in memory of his father in 1964.[5]

In his ancestral village at Madhapar in Kutch, the huge artificial pond made by his uncle, Jagmal Bhima Rathor in 1900, is today known as Jagasagar Lake, named after its builder.[5] His father Karasan Bhimjee also built an artificial lake with steps near Suralbhit Temple, which today is known by name Karasan Bhimjee's pond.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c Cuttack, one thousand years , Volume 2 by Karuna Sagar Behera, Jagannātha Paṭṭanāẏaka, Harish Chandra Das. Universe (Organization). 1990. p. 293.
  2. ^ a b c Diary of Golden Days at Jharia – A Memoir and History of Gurjar Kashtriya Samaj of Kutch in Coalfields of Jharia – written by Natwarlal Devram Jethwa of Calcutta compiled by Raja Pawan Jethwa published in 1998 in English.pp:15 Life-sketch : Karsan Bhima & Koonvarji Karsan Rathor of Madhapar, Cuttack.
  3. ^ a b c Nanji Bapa ni Nondh Pothi by Nanji Govinji Tank of Tatanagar. Compiled by Dharshi Jethalal Taunk (1999) It is a diary of railway contacts noted by Nanji Govindji Tank during his lifetime with last entry in 1954 later published as book with recorded documents. Book given Aank-Sidhhi Award by Kutch Shakti in 2000.
  4. ^ a b Kutch Tari Asmita (1926) pp : 267
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya Samaj : A brief history & glory by Raja Pawan Jethwa (2007 : Calcutta).pp :19. Jagmal Bhima & Karsan Bhima - Railway Contracts & Rai Sahib Koonvarji Karsan Rathor - a brief life-sketch.
  6. ^ Indian factories & labour reports , Volume 28. India. Supreme Court. 1974. p. 268.
  7. ^ Ecological and Fisheries Development in Wetlands: A Study of Chilka Lagoon By Kamakhya Pada Biswas. 1995. p. 170.
  8. ^ Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress, Volume 49, 1962 . pp: 15
  9. ^ Investor's India year book. Place, Siddons and Gough. 1952. p. 348.
  10. ^ Koovarji Karsan : Legal
Cuttack

Cuttack ( (listen)) is the former capital and the second largest city in the eastern Indian state of Odisha. It is also the headquarters of the Cuttack district. The name of the city is an anglicised form of Kataka which literally means The Fort, a reference to the ancient Barabati Fort around which the city initially developed. Cuttack is also known as the Millennium City as well as the Silver City due to its history of 1000 years and famous silver filigree works. It is also considered as the judicial capital of Odisha as the Odisha High Court is located here. It is also the commercial capital of Odisha which hosts a large number of trading and business houses in and around the city. Cuttack is also famous for its Durga puja which is the most important festival of Odisha and West Bengal.Cuttack is also the birth place of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.

The old and the most important part of the city is centred on a strip of land between the Kathajodi River and the Mahanadi River, bounded on the southeast by Old Jagannath Road. The city, being a part of the Cuttack Municipal Corporation consisting of 59 wards. Cuttack stretches from Phulnakhara across the Kathajodi in the south to Choudwar in north across the Birupa River, while in the east it begins at Kandarpur and runs west as far as Naraj. Four rivers including Mahanadi and its distributaries Kathajodi, Kuakhai, Birupa run through the city. Further Kathajodi is distributed into Devi and Biluakhai which often makes the geographical area look like fibrous roots.

Cuttack and Bhubaneswar are often referred to as the Twin-Cities of Odisha. The metropolitan area formed by the two cities has a population of 1.82 million in 2018. Cuttack is categorised as a Tier-II city as per the ranking system used by Government of India.Cuttack an unplanned city, is characterized by a maze of streets, lanes and by-lanes which has given it the nickname of a city with Baban Bazaar, Tepan Galee and i.e. 52 markets and 53 streets. The close interpersonal relationship, community living and the old world values make Cuttack a big village rather than a city. Cuttack is best known as a City of Brotherhood or Bhai-Chara where people of all religious communities have been residing for centuries in harmony and co-operation.

Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas contributions to the Indian railways

The Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas (KGK) contributions to the Indian railways were widespread from the late 1850s to the latest reorganization of the Indian Railways infrastructure in 2003–2006. The community also widely known as Mistris of Kutch (or Mistry) migrated from Kutch to perform the work and were involved in the laying down of railway tracks and construction of rail bridges in almost all railway routes of undivided British India.

Rai Sahib

Rao Sahib / Rao Saheb / Roy Sahib, abbreviated R.S., was a title of honour issued during the era of British rule in India to individuals who performed great service in visionary leadership to the nation. The title was accompanied by a medal. Translated, Rao means "Prince" "sahib means "leader".

This was the start level title usually awarded to civilians, which could later be upgraded to Rao Bahadur and then to Dewan Bahadur titles.The title styled Rao Sahib were awarded to Hindu people of North India, Rao Saheb in Maharashtra and styled Rao Sahib to Hindu people of South India, however, they were both of same category and spelling was altered to meet with regional differences of pronunciation. Whereas, another spelling variation Roy Sahib was awarded to Hindu people of Bengal region of British India.

The Rao Sabib/Rao Sahib/Roy Sahib and other similar titles issued during British Raj were disestablished in 1947 upon independence of India.

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