Kolonaki

Kolonaki (Greek: Κολωνάκι, pronounced [koloˈnaci]), literally "Little Column", is a neighborhood in central Athens, Greece. It is located on the southern slopes of Lycabettus hill. Its name derives from the two metre column (located in Kolonaki Square) that defined the area even before a single house had been built there. (See map, with Colonne indicating the column.)

Kolonaki

Κολωνάκι
Neighborhood
The main Avenue of Kolonaki
Location in Athens
Location in Athens
Coordinates: 37°58′40″N 23°44′30″E / 37.97778°N 23.74167°ECoordinates: 37°58′40″N 23°44′30″E / 37.97778°N 23.74167°E
CountryGreece
RegionAttica
CityAthens
Postal code
106 73, 106 74, 106 75, 106 76, 115 21
Websitewww.cityofathens.gr

Description

Kolonaki is a wealthy and upmarket district. As one of the capital's leading shopping areas, it includes a number of high-end boutiques from young adult to casual fashion to prestigious haute couture from Greek and international designers. One of its main shopping streets, Voukourestiou Street, is now known for its jewelry.

Museums and galleries also abound in Kolonaki. The Benaki Museum, inside a preserved neoclassical manor house, and the Goulandris Museum of Cycladic Art and are two of the finest private collections in the country. Two smaller museums to be found in Kolonaki are the Museum of the History of Greek Costume and the Theater Museum, both highly specialized in their respective areas. A walk across the street from Vasilissis Sofias Avenue are the Byzantine Museum, and the War Museum of Athens.

There is a plethora of available options for nightlife, including bars, ouzeries, and tavernas. Outdoor seating on pedestrian walks is typical, creating a lively atmosphere at night. The main Kolonaki Square (with the small column) is surrounded by cafes and restaurants.

The Lycabettus Funicular, a funicular railway, links Kolonaki to the summit of Lycabettus hill. Kolonaki also hosts two metro stations, Evengelismos and Megaro Mousikis.

Gallery

Colonne1852

Detail from "Plan d'Athènes" 1853. Origins of the name of Kolonaki shown, with the location of the Column (Colonne) now in Kolonaki Square

Kolonaki Kolonakiou

The little column in Kolonaki Square

Athina kosciol sw Mikolaja

St. Nicholas church

Kolonaki Square 3

View of Kolonaki Square

Athens earlymodernism01

Early modern buildings

Agios Dimitrios, Patras

Agios Dimitrios (Greek: Άγιος Δημήτριος, meaning ""Saint Demetrios") is a neighbourhood in the city of Patras, Achaea, Greece.

Akadimias Street

Akadimias Street (Greek: Οδός Ακαδημίας) (named after the Academy of Athens) is a major street in Athens that runs parallel to Panepistimiou Street and Stadiou Street from Vassilissis Sofias Avenue, in Kolonaki district, to Kanningos Square in the area of Exarcheia. Its total length is about 1.2 km. It has three lanes and runs almost diagonally from southeast to northwest. During World War II, it was officially renamed Roosevelt Street in honour of the US President Franklin Roosevelt, but the Athenians continued to refer to it by its original name.

Buildings along the street include the rear side of the classical trilogy of architect Theophil Hansen (University, Academy and National Library), the front side being on Panepistemiou Street. Buildings along the street also include the Olympia Theatre, an opera venue for the Greek National Opera and the church of the Life-giving Spring (Ζωοδόχος Πηγή, Zoodochos Pigi) (in Greek). To the North-East is the district of Kolonaki.

Evangelismos Hospital

The Evangelismos Athens General Hospital (Greek: Γενικό Νοσοκομείο Αθηνών «Ο Ευαγγελισμός») is one of the largest public hospitals in Greece. It is located in a sub-neighbourhood of Kolonaki named after it, Evangelismos.

Its construction began on 25 March 1881 and was finished exactly three years later on 25 March 1884, when it opened to the public on 16 April. Until 1983, the hospital was run as a charitable organization, but in that year it was nationalized and became part of the public health system.The nearby Athens Metro station Evangelismos is named after it.

Evangelismos metro station

Evangelismos station is located on Vasilissis Sofias Avenue. It is in Evangelismos area, close to Evangelismos Hospital, the National Gallery of Athens, the Athens War Museum, the Byzantine & Christian Museum and the Athens Hilton. The station serves both Kolonaki and Pangrati neighbourhoods, known for their cultural hubs, shopping centers and cafes. Furthermore, many embassies and companies are located within close proximity.

This station was inaugurated in 2000.

Evangelos Delakas

Evangelos Ioannis Delakas (born 8 February 1985) is a retired Greek water polo player and the current assistant coach of Greek powerhouse Olympiacos. As a player, Delakas won a bronze medal at the 2015 World Championships and competed at the 2012 and 2016 Olympics. He played for Olympiacos for 14 years (2004–2018) and won 12 Greek Championships, 11 Greek Cups and the 2017–18 LEN Champions League with the club.Apart from water polo, Delakas runs an art gallery in Kolonaki, together with his wife Fay and his father-in-law.

Exarcheia

Exarcheia (Greek: Εξάρχεια pronounced [eˈksaɾ.çi.a]) is a neighborhood in downtown Athens, Greece close to the historical building of the National Technical University of Athens. The Exarcheia region is famous as a home for Greek anarchists. It took the name from a merchant named Exarchos (Greek: Έξαρχος) who opened a large general store there. Exarcheia is bordered on the east by Kolonaki and is framed by Patission Street, Panepistimiou Street and Alexandras Avenue. Exarcheia is renowned for being Athens' historical core of radical political and intellectual activism.

Georgios Papoulias

Georgios Papoulias (Greek: Γεώργιος Παπούλιας; 19 May 1927, Athens – 11 September 2009, Kolonaki) was a Greek politician and diplomat. Papoulias briefly served as the Foreign Minister of Greece on two separate terms in 1989 and 1990.

Papoulias was born on 19 May 1927. He graduated from the Law School of the University of Athens, followed by studies at the Higher School of Commerce and Army service in 1950-1951 with the rank of Second Lieutenant. Papoulias entered the Greek Diplomatic Corps in 1955. His first foreign posting came in 1957, when he was sent to the Greek embassy in New Delhi. From there he was transferred to Bonn, where he remained until 1964 when he moved to the permanent Greek legation in Geneva. After a domestic stint as head of the Foreign Ministry's Political Affairs Department, in 1971 he became ambassador to France and Greece's Permanent Delegate to the UNESCO. Following the fall of the Greek military junta in 1974, he became Permanent Representative of Greece to the United Nations, a post he held until 1979. After that he served as ambassador in Ankara (Turkey) and, after 1983, in Washington DC. Papoulias' first term as Foreign Minister was in the Tzannis Tzannetakis coalition government from 12 October until 23 November 1989. He was re-appointed to the foreign ministry for a second time in the Konstantinos Mitsotakis cabinet from 16 February until 11 April 1990.

Georgios Papoulias died from an apparent suicide on September 11, 2009, at the age of 82, following serious health problems.

Herodou Attikou Street

Herodou Attikou Street or Irodou Attikou Street (Greek: Οδός Ηρώδου Αττικού, pronounced [oˈðos iˈroðu atiˈku]) is located east of downtown Athens and is adjacent to the National Garden of Athens. The street is named after the ancient Athenian rhetorician, magnate and major benefactor of the Roman era, Herodes Atticus.

The tree-lined one-way street runs from north (Vasilissis Sofias Avenue) to south (Vasileos Konstantinou Avenue). It is, by far, the most expensive piece of housing real estate in Greece and one of the most expensive in Europe. The five-block-long eastern side of the street is lined with luxurious apartments and mansions, foremost among them the Presidential Palace, the official workplace and residence of the President of the Hellenic Republic, and the Maximos Mansion (Μέγαρο Μαξίμου, Megaro Maximou), the official workplace of the Prime Minister. Kolonaki, a shopping district, lies immediately to the north, the National Gardens to the west and the Panathenaic Stadium to the southeast. The barracks of the Presidential Guard are the only buildings on the western (National Garden) side of the street. The street is heavily guarded by police (both uniformed and plainclothes) round the clock.

Hilton Athens

Hilton Athens is a hotel in Athens, Greece. It is on Vassilissis Sofias Avenue within the Hilton Area, near Syntagma Square, the Kolonaki and Pangrati neighbourhoods, and other of central Athens’ main tourist attractions. The hotel stands opposite the National Gallery of Athens and Evangelismos station.

The hotel has an on-site restaurant and bar which are also used as meeting places by local Athenians as well as visitors to the city. It has a spa and a 25m by 15m outdoor swimming pool.

Joanna Manganara

Joanna Manganara is a Greek diplomat, women's rights activist, and the incumbent President of the International Alliance of Women (IAW,) which is the oldest still-existing international women's organization. She is also its Chief Representative to the United Nations. She served as Minister-Counselor for human rights at the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1980 to 2005.

She served as the IAW's Vice President for Europe from 2004 to 2013, and was elected President on 11 September 2013 at the IAW's triennial congress in London, making her the overseer of more than 50 affiliated organizations worldwide. She is also a member of the Executive Board of the European Women's Lobby, and a board member of the Greek Council for Refugees and the Hellenic National Committee for UNICEF. She is also President of the Movement of Citizens of Kolonaki, a town in her native Greece. This movement seeks to provide fair rights to its citizens, via the organization of protests outside of local politicians homes.She was a lecturer at Panteion University from 1970 to 1982. She holds an MA in sociology from the University of Kent, and a licence degree from the University of Geneva. She is also a graduate of Pierce College.

Kolonaki Square

Kolonaki Square (Greek: Πλατεία Κολωνακίου, pronounced [plaˈti.a kolonaˈci.u]) is located in central Athens, Greece. Kolonaki itself is named after the small ancient column in the center of the square; the modern official name of this square is Plateia Filikis Etaireias (Πλατεία Φιλικής Εταιρείας) named for the "Friendly Society" that supported Greek independence. Originally, Kolonaki Square was just an area of open ground (around 1890) containing the column, and was only later planted with trees and designated as a square in about 1895–1900.

The square is one block west of Vassilissis Sofias Avenue and is entered by Kanari Street on the southwest, Koumbari Street to the southeast, Kapsali Street to the east, Patriarchou Ioakeim Street to the north, Anagnostopoulou street to the northwest and Tsakalof and Skoufa streets to the west. In the center of the square there is a small ancient column (the square and district are named for the "little column"). This a well-known spot for drinking coffee and people watching.

Line 4 (Athens Metro)

Line 4 of the Athens Metro is a future line that will run from Alsos Veikou to Goudi. Construction of the line was approved on 25 September 2014 and it is scheduled to begin in 2019.Line 4 has been under consideration for many years and apart from that, it has also been a promise of most politicians. Its exact route was changed multiple times. One of the most famous routes was the U-shaped line from Perissos to Katehaki (which are current stations of lines 1 and 3 respectively), including a branch to Vyronas. However, the route from Alsos Veikou to Goudi was chosen, as it has the benefit of being the one passing from the densely populated areas of central Athens, like Galatsi, Exarheia, Kolonaki, Kaisariani and Zografou.In the long future, it will be extended further north to Ethniki Odos and to other important suburbs of Athens, like Marousi.

List of neighbourhoods in Patras

This article is a list of neighbourhoods in Patras.

Lycabettus Funicular

The Lycabettus Funicular is a funicular railway to the top of Mount Lycabettus in the Greek capital city of Athens. It was constructed in the 1960s by the Greek Tourist Organisation (EOT) and was inaugurated on April 18, 1965. The terminal stations are situated at Aristippou street, in Kolonaki, and the Chapel of St. George, near the top of the hill. Between the terminal stations, the line is entirely in tunnel.

In 2002 extensive refurbishment was carried out, involving replacement of the motor, of the hydraulic brake unit, of the electronics safety systems, of the control room and of the two cars of the funicular. The railway now runs daily services, with a capacity of about 400 persons per hour.

Mount Lycabettus

Mount Lycabettus (), also known as Lycabettos, Lykabettos or Lykavittos (Greek: Λυκαβηττός, pronounced [likaviˈtos]), is a Cretaceous limestone hill in Athens, Greece at 300 meters (908 feet) above sea level. Pine trees cover its base, and at its two peaks are the 19th century Chapel of St. George, a theatre, and a restaurant.

The name also refers to the residential neighbourhood immediately below the east of the hill.

The hill is a tourist destination and can be ascended by the Lycabettus Funicular, a funicular railway which climbs the hill from a lower terminus at Kolonaki (The railway station can be found at Aristippou street). Lycabettus appears in various legends. Popular stories suggest it was once the refuge of wolves, (lycos in Greek), which is possibly the origin of its name (means "the one [the hill] that is walked by wolves"). Another etymology suggests a Pelasgian, pre-Mycenean, origin (Lucabetu=mastoid hill).

Mythologically, Lycabettus is credited to Athena, who created it when she dropped a limestone mountain she had been carrying from the Pallene peninsula for the construction of the Acropolis after the box holding Erichthonius was opened.

Pangrati

Pangrati or Pagrati (Greek: Παγκράτι) is a neighborhood in Central Athens, Greece. Its frontage runs from Vasilissis Sofias Avenue along to Vasileos Konstantinou Avenue and Vassileos Alexandrou Avenue. It includes the Ilissos river valley and extends to the south as far as the Panathinaic Stadium and the First Cemetery of Athens. Its eastern boundary was once defined by the Hymettus Mountain slopes but with the extension of the city in interwar period the modern eastern boundary is Nikiforidi Str. and Iliados Str., including Deliolani Square.To the north and northeast, the area fades into Hilton or National Gallery area, but it is considered that the area north of Vassileos Alexandrou Ave. as far north to Hilton Athens hotel and northeast as Andreas Syngros Hospital is part of Pangrati. Pangrati is bordered by the Kolonaki (Κολωνάκι) neighborhood to the west, the Ilisia (Ιλίσια) neighborhood and the Kaisariani (Καισαριανή) municipality to the north, the Vyronas (Βύρωνας) and Dafni-Ymittos (Δάφνη-Υμηττός) municipalities to the east, and the Neos Kosmos (Νέος Κόσμος) neighborhood to the south. It is not to be confused as a separate suburb, as it is part of the City of Athens proper. However, it is frequently mistaken as such, possibly because of it bordering the actual suburbs of Vyronas and Kaisariani. One of the most important landmarks of Pangrati is the Panathinaiko Stadium that hosted the first modern Olympic Games in 1896. The First Cemetery of Athens, the official cemetery for the City of Athens, lies within Pangrati.

Plateia

Plateia or platia (πλατεία) is the Greek word for town square. Most Greek and Cypriot cities have several town squares which are a point of reference in travelling and guiding. In traditional societies like villages and provincial communities, plateies are the central places for feasts, celebrations, events and meetings.

Syntagma Square

Syntagma Square (Greek: Πλατεία Συντάγματος, pronounced [plaˈtia sinˈdaɣmatos], "Constitution Square") is the central square of Athens. The square is named after the Constitution that Otto, the first King of Greece, was obliged to grant after a popular and military uprising on 3 September 1843. It is located in front of the 19th century Old Royal Palace, housing the Greek Parliament since 1934. Syntagma Square is the most important square of modern Athens from both a historical and social point of view, at the heart of commercial activity and Greek politics. The name Syntagma (Greek: Σύνταγμα) alone also refers to the neighbourhood surrounding the square.

Voukourestiou Street

Voukourestiou Street (Greek: Οδός Βουκουρεστίου, Odos Voukourestiou) named after the Treaty of Bucharest, which in 1913 ended the second Balkan War, is a rather narrow street in the Kolonaki district of Athens known for its high-end boutiques. Starting in the 1950s, this street was popular for hip and trendy European and American goods in the Greek capital as well as gold and jewellery shops. Running from Stadiou Street to the slope of Mt. Lycabettus, the street epitomized fancy shopping in Greece for generations.

Voukourestiou Street is one of the four streets (the others being Stadiou Street, Amerikis Street and Panepistimiou Street) which enclose the large building of the former Army Shareholders' Fund. Now the building houses the Attica Department Store and the headquarters of the Piraeus Bank. Among others, there are a spa, three theatres and three cafés and restaurants, one of which is the well-known café Zonars. The building is crossed by an arcade which connects Voukourestiou and Amerikis Streets. This block—recently known as Athens City Link—houses the majority of the high-end boutiques in central Athens.

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