Kolhapur (Kolhapur.ogg (help·info)) is a historic city of Maharashtra. It is the district headquarters of Kolhapur district. Prior to Indian Independence, Kolhapur was a nineteen gun salute princely state ruled by the Bhosale Chhatrapati (Bhosale royal clan) of the Maratha Empire.
New Palace at Kolhapur
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Sarita More|
|• Metropolitan||120 km2 (50 sq mi)|
|Elevation||545.6 m (1,790.0 ft)|
|• Rank||India : 47nd |
Maharashtra : 6th
|• Density||4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Kolhapur is famous in west Maharashtra for religious accounts.
The Shilahara family at Kolhapur was the latest of the three and was founded about the time of the downfall of the Rashtrakuta Empire. They ruled over southern Maharashtra; the modern districts of Satara, Kolhapur and Belagavi. Their family deity was the goddess Ambabai, whose blessing they claimed to have secured in their copperplate grants (Mahalakshmi-labdha-vara-prasada). Like their relatives of the northern branch of Konkan, the Shilaharas of Kolhapur claimed to be of the lineage of the Vidyadhara Jimutavahana. They carried the banner of golden Garuda. One of the many titles used by the Shilaharas was Tagarapuravaradhisvara, supreme sovereign ruler of Tagara.
The first capital of the Shilaharas was probably at Karad during the reign of Jatiga-II as known from their copper plate grant of Miraj and 'Vikramankadevacharita' of Bilhana. Hence sometimes they are referred as 'Shilaharas of Karad'. Later, although the capital was shifted to Kolhapur, some of their grants mention Valavada, and the hill fort of Pranalaka or Padmanala,(Panhala) as the places of royal residence. Even though the capital was shifted to Kolhapur, Karhad retained its significance during the Shilahara period. This branch rose to power the latter part of the Rashtrakuta rule and so, unlike the kings of the other two branches, those of this branch do not mention the genealogy of the Rashtrakutas even in their early grants. Later they acknowledged the suzerainty of the later Chalukya for some time. They had used Kannada as the official language as can seen from their inscriptions. This branch continued to hold the Southern Maharashtra from circa 940 to 1220.
From 940 to 1212 CE, Kolhapur was the centre of power of the Shilahara dynasty. An inscription at Teradal states that the king Gonka (1020 - 1050 CE) was bitten by a snake then healed by a Jain monk. Gonka then built a temple to Lord Neminath, the twenty-second Jain tirthankara (enlightened being). Jain temples in and around Kolhapur from this era are called Gonka-Jinalya, after the king.
Around 1055 CE, during the reign of Bhoja I (Shilahara dynasty), a dynamic Acharya (spiritual guide) named Maghanandi (Kolapuriya), founded a religious institute at the Rupanarayana Jain temple (basadi). Maghanandi is also known as Siddhanta-chakravarti, that is, the great master of the scriptures. Kings and nobles of the Shilahara dynasty such as Gandaraditya I who succeeded Bhoja I, were disciples of Maghanandi.
Kolhapur was the site of intense confrontation between rulers of the Western Chalukya Empire and the rulers of the Chola empire, Rajadhiraja Chola and his younger brother Rajendra Chola II. In 1052 CE, following the Battle of Koppam, the victor, Rajendra Chola II, marched on to Kolhapur and there he erected a jayastambha (victory pillar).
The state of Kolhapur was established by Tarabai in 1707 because of the succession dispute over the Maratha kingship. The Maratha throne was then governed by descendents of Tarabai. One of the prominent Kings was Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj (Shahu of Kolhapur). In his reign he promoted cost free education to people of all casts and fought against untouchability. The state was annexed by the British in the 19th century. After India's independence in 1947, the Maharaja of Kolhapur acceded to the Dominion of India on 14 August 1947 and merged with Bombay State on 1 March 1949. Kolhapur is sometimes found spelled as Colapore. Often, Kolhapur is also referred as Dakshin Kashi (Dakshin in Hindi means South, Kashi is a holy city in Northern India) due to its rich religious history.
According to the myth, Kolhapur was named after the demon Kolhasur. There are different stories behind the reason he was killed by the Goddess, but it was his dying wish to name the place where he was killed after him. Thus, Kolhapur comes from the name Kolhasur and, Pur which means a city.
Kolhapur is an inland city located in south-west Maharashtra state, 228 km south of Pune, 615 km north-west of Bengaluru and 530 km west of Hyderabad. Within Maharashtra, Kolhapur's nearest cities and towns are Ichalkaranji (27 km), Kodoli (35 km), Peth Vadgaon (15 km) Kagal (21 km), Kasaba Walva (30 km) Sangli (49 km), Satara (115 km). Kolhapur has an elevation of 569 metres (1867 ft). It lies in the Sahayadri mountains in the Western Ghats. Chandgad is the coolest place in the Kolhapur district. Tambraparni river dam is the spectacular place near Umgaon village.
Kolhapur's climate is a blend of coastal and inland elements common to Maharashtra. The temperature has a relatively narrow range between 10 °C to 35 °C. Summer in Kolhapur is comparatively cooler, but much more humid, than neighbouring inland cities. Maximum temperatures rarely exceed 38 °C and typically range between 33 and 35 °C. Lows during this season are around 24 °C to 26 °C.
The city receives abundant rainfall from June to September due to its proximity to the Western Ghats. The heavy rains often lead to severe flooding during these months. 2005 and 2006 were years when floods occurred. Temperatures are low in the rainy season and range between 19 °C and 30 °C.
Kolhapur experiences winter from November to February. The winter temperatures are warmer than other cities in Maharashtra such as Pune and Nashik. Lows range from 9 °C to 16 °C while highs are in the range of 26 °C to 32 °C due to its high elevation and being adjacent to the Western Ghats. Humidity is low in this season making the weather much more pleasant. Due to its pleasant weather around the year and its tasty yet healthy cuisine, people from all other places in Country and African nations come here for getting musculine physiq or learning wrestling in Talims/Akhada(training centres) under experts knows as Vastaads(coach).
The Panchaganga river originates in the Western Ghats. It has five tributaries which supply the city and surrounds: the Bhogavati, Tulsi, Kumbhi, Kasari and the Dhamani rivers.Kolhapur has a number of lakes. The Rankala lake was once a stone quarry
The Kalamba lake was built in 1873. These two lakes provide the city with domestic potable water.
Kolhapur is governed by the Kolhapur Municipal Corporation (KMC). The city is divided into five wards, named with the letters A to E. The corporation provides services such as sewrage treatment and free cremation for residents and has made a number of improvements, for example, the Kolhapur Road Project; the Anti-Encroachment Drive to stop unwanted building activity encroaching on the city's open space; and the Suvarna Jayanti Nagarotthan Project for improvement of roads and storm water management. However KMC faces problems like expansion of civic limits of Kolhapur city which are not increased from 1972, due to the same this city fails to avail the benefits of various government schemes.
On 16 August 2017, Kolhapur Municipal and Regional Development Authority has been established. This authority is operating in Kolhapur city and 42 villages around Kolhapur city. This authority formed for the balanced development of Kolhapur city and the surrounding 42 villages.
As per the reports of 2011 Census of India, population of Kolhapur city is 5,49,236 and population of 'Kolhapur Municipal and Regional Development Authority' is 9,20,000. Hinduism is majority religion in Kolhapur city with 83.89% followers. Islam is second most popular religion in city of Kolhapur with approximately 10.88% following it. In Kolhapur city, Christianity is followed by 0.96%, Jainism by 3.35%, Sikhism by 0.11% and Buddhism by 0.11%. Around 0.04% stated 'Other Religion', approximately 0.23% stated 'No Particular Religion'.
The city particularly known for the Kolhapuri chappal, a hand-crafted buffalo leather slipper that is locally tanned using vegetable dyes. Kolhapuri slippers are sold on Mahadwar road. Other handicrafts include: hand block printing of textiles; silver, bead and paste jewellery crafting; pottery; wood carving and lacquerware; brass sheet work and oxidised silver artwork;and lace and embroidery making.
Kolhapur is also an industrial city with approximately 300 foundries producing exports with a value of 15 billion rupees per year. A manufacturing plant of Kirloskar Oil Engines [KOEL] is set up in 5 star MIDC at Kagal near Kolhapur, besides this Raymond clothes plant is also located in the same industrial area. Kolhapur has two more industrial areas wiz. Gokul-Shirgaon MIDC, Shiroli MIDC & Udyamnagar is an industrial area in the city.
Tourism is another source of revenue with about three million visitors to the city per year. Kolhapur's attractions include:New Palace, world's first statue of Babasaheb Ambedkar at Bindu chowk, inaugurated on 7 December 1950, Rankala lake,the Tara Rani equestrian statue which stands on two of the horse's legs an 85 feet (26 m) idol of the Lord Ganesh at the Chinmaya mission (Top-Sambhapur). At the annual Dusshera procession, the Kolhapur Maybach car of the chhatrapatis of Kolhapur is displayed to the public. The rankala lake is place to visit in kolhapur.
On December 1, 1917, the Maharashtra Film Company was established in Kolhapur by Baburao Painter. The city has become the primary centre for the Marathi film industry. Kolhapur plays host to many film festivals, including the Kolhapur International Film Festival. Kolhapur has film city which is spread over 75-acre in Morewadi and was set up in 1984 by the state government. The objective of setting up film city was to provide infrastructural set-up to the Marathi film industry and provide all facilities, from shooting to post production, under one roof. The work of renovation and new locations of Kolhapur film city is going on. 
Kolhapur cuisine is noted for special mutton dishes as well as Kolhapuri Misal And Kolhapuri Bhel. The city lends its name to food products such as Kolhapuri Lavangi (chili peppers or Mirchi), Kolhapuri jaggery (cane juice concentrate), and Kolhapuri masala (spice mixture). "Pandhara rassa", meaning white curry, is a soup like dish made from mutton stock, spices such as cinnamon, coriander, ginger and garlic, and coconut milk. It is used as a starter and also has medicinal uses for cough and throat ailments, also "Tambdaa rassa" which is red soup have same benefits as "Pandhra rassa" but instead of coconut milk is made up of red chilli. Kolhapur has two outlets of McDonald's, as well as a Domino's Pizza, Pizza Hut, Subway. Numerous cafes are also spread throughout the city.
The Hindi language daily is the Lokmat Times.
In January 2013, the Indian women's football team hosted a training camp and played a demonstration game against representatives from the Netherlands in Kolhapur. There is also a tradition of wrestling in Kolhapur.
Kolhapur has given many elite sports personalities to the nation like Khashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav, who won a bronze medal at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. He was one of the first athletes from India to win a medal in the Olympics. B.B. Nimbalkar (former Ranji cricketer), Suhas Khamkar (Mr. Asia, Winner), Virdhawal Khade (Indian Olympian in swimming), Jaysingrao Kusale (Indian shooter), Tejaswini Sawant (Indian shooter), Dadu Chowgule (Rustum-e-hind), Rucha Pujari (chess - Woman International Master) and many more. Aniket Jadhav who played the FIFA U-17 World Cup 2017 was from Kolhapur.
Volleyball is also played widely in places like Panhala, Kagal, Murgud, and Kurundwad.
The Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj Terminus links Kolhapur via rail to India's major cities with express services to Pune, Mumbai, Bengaluru and New Delhi. A daily shuttle service connects Kolhapur with the main rail hub of Miraj on the Central Railway main line. A new railway route between Miraj via Kolhapur till Vaibhavwadi has been confirmed, which will connect Kolhapur and many other towns with to the Western coastal region of India.
Kolhapur is located on National Highway 4 and National Highway 204. The city has three state transport bus stands: Central Bus Stand (CBS), Rankala Bus Stand and Sambhajinagar Bus Stand. Kolhapur Municipal Transport (KMT) provides local bus services. Central government granted 78 buses for KMT under Jnnurm. The CBS of Kolhapur is the busiest bus stand in western Maharashtra with more than 50,000 commutators a day.
Kolhapur's domestic airport, also known as Chhatrapati Rajaram Maharaj Airport, is located 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) south east of the city at Ujalaiwadi.
There are daily flights from Kolhapur to Hyderabad and Bengaluru
The nearest international airports to Kolhapur are Pune International Airport and Goa International Airport.
Kolhapur has educational institutions for Engineering, Medicine, Management Studies, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Agriculture. Shivaji University is located in Kolhapur city. There are international schools and a pre-IAS training centre. The pre-IAS training centre is in Rajaram college campus. The admissions to pre-IAS centre are allotted purely on merit in entrance exam. The city attracts students form all over India and Africa.
Kolhapur has distinct way with using Marathi language which can be cited to the princely rule over the population which has brought certain masculinity to the language. e.g. One will find that women too use male gender while using language. Names are shortened in a unique way to make the utterance faster. e.g. शंकर becomes शंक्रोबा. Language here have some Kannada influence too. Some phrases are very popular with youth too e.g. ‘काय भावा’, ‘नाद नाही करायचा,’ ‘काटा कीर्रर्र’, ‘खटक्यावर बोट, जाग्यावर पल्टी' The Hindi and English are also spoken.
"The Imperial Gazetteer of India." Oxford at Clarendon Press, 1909 Volume 15. p380 - 387. Accessed at Digital South Asia Library at University of Chicago, Illinois, 7 April 2014.
Amba Ghat [ˈɒːmbə gæt] is a mountain pass on Ratnagiri-Kolhapur road (NH 204) in Maharashtra, India, at a height of 2000 ft above sea-level, This ghat lies in the Sahyadri mountain ranges (Western Ghats) and has picturesque mountain-scapes and a pleasant climate. It is situated near Shahuwadi, Kolhapur district, and has nearby interesting places are Pawankhind and Vishalgad fort (including Rehan Baba Dargah). It is a convenient weekend destination for Kolhapur tourists.
The area has also become a venue for paragliding sport.Arjunwad
Arjunwad is a village in Belagavi district in the Northern state of Karnataka, India.Battle of Kolhapur
Battle of Kolhapur was a land battle that took place on 28 December 1659 near the city of Kolhapur, Maharashtra between the Maratha Chhatrapati Shivaji and the Adilshahi forces. The battle is known for brilliant movement of flanks by Shivaji similar to tactics of Babur against Rana Sanga.Bhonsle
Bhosle and Bhosale lead here. For other uses, see Bhosle (disambiguation) and Bhosale (disambiguation)
The Bhonsle (or Bhonsale, Bhosale, Bhosle) are a prominent group within the Maratha clan system. Traditionally a warrior clan, some members served as rulers of several states in India, the most prominent being Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire which opposed the rule of Mughal Empire in Indian subcontinent. His successors like
Sambhaji was a very powerful ruler. Later Sambhaji's brother Rajaram became the Ruler followed by Shivaji 2 under his mother Tarabai. Later Shahu ruled as chhatrapati (Maharaj) from their capital at Satara. In addition to the Bhonsle chhatrapatis of Satara, rulers of the Bhonsle clan established themselves as junior branch of chhatrapatis at Kolhapur, and as maharajas of Nagpur in modern-day Maharashtra in the 18th century.
After the British defeat of the Marathas in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1818, the four Bhonsle dynasties continued as rulers of their princely states, acknowledging British suzerainty while retaining local autonomy. The states of Satara, Thanjavur, and Nagpur came under direct British rule in the mid-nineteenth century when their rulers died without male heirs, although the British allowed titular adoptions to take place. Kolhapur state remained autonomous until India's independence in 1947, when the rulers acceded to the Indian government.
Akkalkot State, Sawantwadi State and Barshi were amongst other prominent states ruled by the Bhonsles.Chandgad
Chandgad is a small city and tehsil headquarters in Gadhinglaj, which is a subdivision of Kolhapur district that is in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Jagrut Devastan Sri Ravalnath temple is located here.
This is a small city having a population of about 12,000. This place is 110 km from Kolhapur but only 36 km from Belgaum City. Chandgad is located on the Belgaum-Vengurle state highway. Amboli hill station is only 32 km from Chandgad. People of Chandgad town and taluka are reliant on Belgaum and Gadhinglaj cities for their major needs.Deccan States Agency
The Deccan States Agency, also known as the Deccan States Agency and Kolhapur Residency, was a political agency of British India, managing the relations of the British government of the Bombay Presidency with a collection of princely states and jagirs (feudal 'vassal' estates) in western India.Kolhapur (Lok Sabha constituency)
Kolhapur Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Maharashtra state India.Kolhapur Airport
Kolhapur Airport(IATA: KLH, ICAO: VAKP) is an airport in Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India. It is situated at Ujlaiwadi, 9 km South-East from Kolhapur city. It is operated by the Airports Authority of India (AAI). The AAI is expanding the airport at a cost of Rs 274 Crore.Kolhapur State
Kolhapur State or Kolhapur Maratha Kingdom (1710–1949) was a Maratha princely State of British India, under the Deccan Division of the Bombay Presidency, and later the Deccan States Agency. It was considered the most important of the Maratha principalities with the others being Baroda State, Gwalior State and Indore State. Its rulers, of the Bhonsle dynasty, were entitled to a 19-gun salute – thus Kolhapur was also known as a 19-gun state. The state flag was a swallow-tailed saffron pennant.Kolhapur district
Kolhapur district is in Maharashtra state. The city of Kolhapur is the district headquarters. As of 2011, the district had population of 3,876,001, of which 33% were urban.Kolhapuri chappal
Kolhapuri chappals are Indian hand-crafted leather slippers that are locally tanned using vegetable dyes. Kolhapuri Chappals or Kolhapuri s as they are commonly referred to are a style of open-toed, T-strap sandal which originated from Kolhapur, a southern district in the state of Maharashtra. These are used during festivals as well as day to day purpose.Indian parents may or may not use it to discipline their wards.Mahalakshmi Temple, Kolhapur
The Shri Mahalakshmi Jain (Ambabai) Temple of Kolhapur in Maharashtra, India, is one of the most famous temples of Jainism and Hinduism of the state. Located on the banks of the Panchganga River,it is about 156 miles (252km) south of Pune.Panhala Fort
Panhala fort (also known as Panhalgad, Pahalla and Panalla (literally "the home of serpents")), is located in Panhala, 20 kilometres northwest of Kolhapur in Maharashtra, India. It is strategically located looking over a pass in the Sahyadri mountain range which was a major trade route from Bijapur in the interior of Maharashtra to the coastal areas. Due to its strategic location, it was the centre of several skirmishes in the Deccan involving the Marathas, the Mughals and the British East India Company, the most notable being the Battle of Pavan Khind. Here, the queen regent of Kolhapur State, Tarabai, spent her formative years. Several parts of the fort and the structures within are still intact.Pune–Miraj–Londa line
The Pune–Miraj–Londa line is a railway line connecting Pune in Maharashtra and Londa in Karnataka. It traverses the Western ghats and covers a distance of 468 kilometres (291 mi) across Maharashtra and Karnataka. Of the total 468 km distance of this line, 280 km stretch falls under the jurisdiction of Central Railways and the remaining 188 km section under South Western Railway. Despite heavy rail traffic, this line continues to be a single-track non-electrified railway line.Miraj Junction is one of the oldest Junction classified as 'A1' Category of Stations will be renovated by Central Government to make world class station by 2022.
Due to Broad Gauge completion between Miraj-Kurduwadi-Parli-Purna,a better connectivity has been developed between Marathwada and Western Maharashtra.
Karad - Chiplun Railway line Survey has been completed by Central Railway team to connect to Jaigad Port as part of Central Government's Sagarmala Project and expected to start work soon start to get connectivity to Konkan Railway with Central Railway.Currently Passengers from Satara,Karad,Miraj, Kolhapur are solely dependent on MSRTC as there is no direct train to visit Konkan region for festivals and vacations.
In May 2016, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, gave approval for doubling of Pune-Miraj-Londa railway line project at an estimated cost of Rs.3,627.47 crore and expected completion cost of Rs.4,246.84 crore with 5% escalation per annum.Centre Government has also approved Electrification of Pune - Kolhapur line and work has already started between Kolhapur towards Miraj.Shahu II of Kolhapur
Shahu II (born 7 January 1948) of the Bhonsle dynasty of the titular Marathas. He became the ceremonial Maharaja of Kolhapur in 1983. He is the grandson of Shahaji II.Shahu of Kolhapur
Shahu (also known as Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj or Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj) (26 June 1874 – 6 May 1922) of the Bhosle dynasty of Marathas was a Raja (reign. 1894 – 1900) and a Maharaja (1900-1922) of the Indian princely state of Kolhapur. Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj, also known as Rajarshi Shahu was considered a true democrat and social reformer. First Maharaja of the princely state of Kolhapur, he was an invaluable gem in the history of Maharashtra. Greatly influenced by the contributions of social reformer Jyotiba Phule, Shahu Maharaj was an ideal leader and able ruler who was associated with many progressive and path breaking activities during his rule. From his coronation in 1894 till his demise in 1922, he worked tirelessly for the cause of the lower caste subjects in his state. Primary education to all regardless of caste and creed was one of his most significant priorities.Shirol
Shirol is an industrial area and tehsil in Ichalkaranji subdivision of Kolhapur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.Current MLA Shri. Ullhas Patil.
Shirol industrial area is rapidly developing with new industries coming up. Major among them are sugar factories and auto ancillaries.Shirol is a historic place also. It was named "Shirol", because there is story behind it. The story is:"there was great war between the Great Shivaji Maharaj & Mughal’s. In that war mughals were defeated & the heads of cruel Mughal soldiers were hanged to main gate of city. So the name Shirol: Shir(heads) + ol(row).
Shirol is coming up as a satellite suburb of Sangli city and is 10 km from Sangli. Shirol is linked to Sangli and Miraj twin cities by MSRTC city bus service. Travel time from Shirol to Sangli is just 15 minutes.
Marathi is the dominant native language of the town, which is spoken widely.Veg kolhapuri
Vegetable kolhapuri is a dish from the city of Kolhapur in Maharashtra, India consisting of mixed vegetables in a thick, spiced gravy. It is served as a main course accompanied by breads such as chapatis.Vishalgad
Vishalgad (also called Vishalgarh, Khelna or Khilna) was a jagir during the Maratha Empire and then later part of the Deccan States Agency of the British Raj. It was governed by Deshastha Brahmins, who were feudatories of Kolhapur State.Shahu of Kolhapur attempted to undermine the Brahmin princelings of Vishalgad jagir, as also those of Bavda and Ichalkaranji, from around 1895. He had inherited the throne of Kolhapur in 1894 placed blame for the past weak government of his state on Brahmins, including those in its civil service, and claimed that there was justification for discriminating against them in order to improve the lot of his less privileged subjects. Aside from introducing policies of job reservation and education for the underprivileged in his state, he asked the British Raj provincial authorities of Bombay Presidency to allow a reduction in the privileges enjoyed by the feudatory chiefs, whom he claimed had been harbouring Brahmin terrorists from Poona. Historian Gordon Johnson says that "The case, although plausible, was not entirely convincing, and the matter dragged on into the 1920s".
|Climate data for Kolhapur|
|Average high °C (°F)||31
|Average low °C (°F)||15
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||4.3
|Source: Government of Maharashtra|
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