Kolahoi Glacier

Kolahoi Glacier is a valley glacier in the northwestern Himalayan Range situated 26 kilometers north from Pahalgam and 16 kilometers south from Sonamarg, in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Kolahoi glacier lies at an average elevation of 4,700 metres (15,400 ft). The highest peak named after the glacier is Kolahoi Peak has an elevation of 5425 meters. The origin of the glacier is below the cirques on the north flank of Kolahoi Peak.[1] It is the main source of Lidder River and its waters become the tributaries of the Jhelum River. Its water serves the population of Anantnag district, where it is mainly being used for drinking and agricultural purposes. The water finally discharges itself into Jhelum River near Khanabal Anantnag.

Kolahoi Glacier is among the victims of global warming,[2] and has shrunk in area[3] from 13.57 km2 in 1963 to 10.69 km2 in 2005 or a loss of 2.88 km2 in three decades.[4] In 1974 the glacier was about 5 km long and is known to have extended for at least 35 km during the Pleistocene.[1] According to another report,[5] Kolahoi is a hanging glacier and hollowed inside. It is a matter of great concern for Kashmir Valley. Many expeditions have failed here.

In September 2018 a group of nine trekkers went on an expedition to summit the Kolahoi Peak. After successfully summiting the peak, the group was caught in rock fall near Burdalaw region on the glacier during their descent, due to which team lost two of its members: Adil Shah, founder of Alpine Adventures group and Naveed Jeelani who was a junior administrative officer from Srinagar. Their bodies were later retrieved from the glacier after two days due to bad weather. [6]

Kolhai Glacier
Kolahoi Glacier andMt.Kolahoi(5425m) North view -the highest mountain in Kashmir valley
Kolhai Glacier
TypeMountain glacier
LocationHimalaya Range, Kashmir valley, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates34°9′49″N 75°19′49″E / 34.16361°N 75.33028°ECoordinates: 34°9′49″N 75°19′49″E / 34.16361°N 75.33028°E
Length5 kilometres (3 mi) in 1974

Tourism

Even though the place is yet not very much explored but it has potential to become the best camping destination.

References

  1. ^ a b N. Ahmed and N. H. Hashimi (1974). "Glacial History of Kolahoi Glacier, Kashmir, India" (PDF). Journal of Glaciology. 13 (68). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  2. ^ "Goddess glacier melting in war-torn Kashmir". national geographic.com. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  3. ^ "Kashmir's crown Kolahoi glacier is in deep water". TERI.
  4. ^ Kanth, T.A., Aijaz Ahmad Shah and Zahoor ul Hassan; Geomorphologic Character & Receding Trend of Kolahoi Glacier in Kashmir Himalaya, Recent Research in Science and Technology 2011, 3(9): 68-73 Archived 11 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine, ISSN 2076-5061
  5. ^ "Kolahoi: Hanging and hollowed inside". hoparoundindia.com. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  6. ^ "Kolahoi: His life would come to an end on the alpines he had become synonymous with". Mahmood A. Shah. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
Anantnag district

Anantnag is a district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is one of ten districts which make up the Kashmir Valley. The district headquarters is Anantnag city. As of 2011, it was the third most populous district of Jammu and Kashmir (out of 22), after Jammu and Srinagar.

Aru, Jammu and Kashmir

Aru is a tourist spot in the Anantnag District of Jammu & Kashmir, India. It is located around 12 km from Pahalgam, 11 km upstream from the Lidder River. Noted for its scenic meadows, lakes and mountains, it is a base camp for trekking to the Kolhoi Glacier and Tarsar Lake. The village lies of the left bank of the Aru river, which is a tributary of the Lidder river.

Kolahoi Peak

Kolahoi Peak is a mountain with a peak elevation of 17,799 ft (5,425 metres), in Anantnag district of Jammu and Kashmir, in the vicinity of Sonamarg. Kolahoi Peak is part of the Himalaya Range, and is located between 15 km south of Sonamarg and 21 km north from Aru, Pahalgam. To its north flows the Sind River and the glacier of its name Kolahoi Glacier is the source of Lidder River. in the vicinity of Kashmir valley.

Kolahoi Peak rises from the Kolahoi Glacier is a pyramid-shaped peak with ice falls and ice fields at its bottom. The rock formation of the peak is extraordinary stable with aretes and ridges.

Lidder Valley

The Lidder Valley or Liddar Valley in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India, is a Himalayan sub-valley that forms the southeastern corner of the Kashmir Valley. The Lidder River flows down the valley. The entrance to the valley lies 7 km northeast from Anantnag town and 62 km southeast from Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. It is a 40-km-long gorge valley with an average width of 3 km.

Mushtaq Pahalgami

Mushtaq Ahmad Magray 'Pahalgami' (born 1981, Pahalgam, District Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir, India), President, Himalayan Welfare Organization, Pahalgam is an award-winning social activist and Environmentalist working for the cause of Education, Public health and Environmental Conservation in Pahalgam, Kashmir.

Pahalgam

Pahalgam is a tourist town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is a popular tourist destination and hill station. Its lush green meadows and pristine waters attract thousands of tourists from all over the world each year. It is located 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Anantnag on the banks of Lidder River at an altitude of 7,200 feet (2,200 m). Pahalgam is the headquarters of one of the five tehsils of Anantnag district. Pahalgam is associated with the annual Amarnath Yatra. Chandanwari, located 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from Pahalgam is the starting point of the yatra that takes place every year in the months of July–August.

Poonch River

The Poonch River (also known as Punch River, Punch Tohi, Tohi of Punch) is a tributary of the Jhelum River flowing through Jammu and Kashmir, India and Azad Jammu and Kashmir in Pakistan.

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