Klang Valley

Klang Valley (Malay: Lembah Klang) is an area in Malaysia which is centered in Kuala Lumpur, and includes its adjoining cities and towns in the state of Selangor. A more recent alternative reference to this would be Greater Kuala Lumpur.

The Klang Valley is geographically delineated by Titiwangsa Mountains to the north and east and the Strait of Malacca to the west. It extends to Rawang in the northwest, Semenyih in the southeast, and Klang and Port Klang in the southwest.[1] The conurbation is the heartland of Malaysia's industry and commerce.[2] As of 2012, the Klang Valley is home to roughly 7.9 million people.[3]

Klangvalley
Principal cities within Klang Valley within the borders of the state of Selangor and the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya.

Origin

The valley is named after the Klang River, the principal river that flows through it that start at Port Klang and end at Hulu Klang, which is closely linked to the early development of the area as a cluster of tin mining towns in the late 19th century. Development of the region took place largely in the East-West direction (between Gombak and Port Klang) but the urban areas surrounding Kuala Lumpur have since grown south towards the border with Negeri Sembilan and north towards Rawang.

Regions

There is no official designation of the boundaries that make up Klang Valley but it is often assumed to comprise the following areas and their corresponding local authorities:

Klang Valley definition
Definition of Klang Valley by parliamentary constituencies (2016 proposed boundaries)
     Actual area of Klang Valley
     Often included (Rawang and Langat River Valley)
     Sometimes included (for TV and radio broadcasting)

Transport

KL Sentral at Night
KL Sentral, the transit hub for the Klang Valley and possibly the entirety of West Malaysia.

Even though the Klang Valley officially consists of separate cities and suburbs, integration between these cities is very high, with a highly developed road network and an expanding rapid transit system. Many expressways criss-cross the metropolis making cars the most convenient way to get around. However, this has led to the Klang Valley's notorious traffic jams which span whole kilometres of expressways and make driving during peak hours exhausting. Since the 1990s, new rapid transit systems, such as the Rapid KL's light rail transit (LRT), KTM Komuter and the monorail have been developed. Most of these systems have gone through extensive expansion as a superproject, in which the two LRT lines are being extended into outlying suburbs such as Puchong and Subang Jaya. The Klang Valley Integrated Transit System, as of now, are currently being upgraded to become fully-fledged mass rapid transit systems with the construction of three new Klang Valley MRT lines that are respectively being built from the southeastern suburb of Kajang to the northwestern suburb of Sungai Buloh, as well as Putrajaya and through Kuala Lumpur itself. Buses that operate around Klang Valley is also extensive.

See also

References

  1. ^ Ooi Keat Gin (2009). Historical Dictionary of Malaysia. Scarecrow Press. pp. 157–158. ISBN 978-0810859555. Archived from the original on 2015-06-04.
  2. ^ "world gazetteer". Archived from the original on 2012-12-05.
  3. ^ "World Gazetteer: Malaysia - largest cities (per geographical entity)". world-gazetteer.com. 9 February 2013. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013.
Bandar Utama–Klang line

The 37-kilometer LRT3 (initial name) or LRT Bandar Utama–Klang line (interim name), BKL or formerly known as Shah Alam line (intro name) is a light rapid transit (LRT) line that is slated to be the third LRT system in Klang Valley. The line will be operated by Rapid Rail Sdn Bhd. It was announced by the Prasarana Malaysia Berhad (Prasarana) on 24 April 2013. The line is currently referred to as Klang Valley LRT Line 3 or LRT3 by Land Public Transport Commission (SPAD).When completed, the line will be one of the components of the Klang Valley Integrated Transit System. It is numbered 11 , and are coloured Sky Blue on the rail map.

Bukit Jalil Highway

The Bukit Jalil Highway, or Puchong–Sungai Besi Highway, Federal Route 217, is a major highway in Klang Valley, Malaysia. It is a toll-free and also a second highway after Shah Alam Expressway E5. It connects the Sungai Besi Expressway E9 near Selangor Turf Club in the east to Damansara–Puchong Expressway E11 near Puchong Jaya in the west. The highway passes Bandar Kinrara and Bukit Jalil.

The Kilometre Zero of the highway starts at Puchong Jaya Interchange near Puchong, Selangor. The Kilometre Zero monument is erected near Pos Malaysia Deliver Branch at Puchong Town Centre in Puchong.

East Klang Valley Expressway

The East Klang Valley Expressway, EKVE is a new expressway under construction in Klang Valley, Malaysia. The 39.5-kilometre-long (24.5 mi) expressway will connect Ukay Perdana in Ampang, Selangor and Bandar Sungai Long in Kajang. This expressway is part of the Kuala Lumpur Outer Ring Road (KLORR). The construction of the expressway was started on 1 September 2015. The entire expressway is expected to be completed by 2019. Once completed, the expressway will benefit 140,000 motorists per day.The phase 1 of the expressway stretches 24.1 km and costs MYR 1.55 billion.

Jalan Hospital Serdang

Jalan Hospital Serdang, Federal Route 345, is an institutional facilities federal road in Selangor, Malaysia. It is a main route to Serdang Hospital from the South Klang Valley Expressway (SKVE) and acts as an emergency route to the hospital.The Kilometre Zero is located at the Serdang Hospital (West)-SKVE interchange.

At most section, the Federal Route 345 was built under the JKR R5 road standard, allowing maximum speed limit of up to 90 km/h.

Jalan KLIA 1

Jalan KLIA 1, Federal Route 182, is the third highway in Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), Malaysia. It is a main route to KLIA Charter Field Town or KLIA Town Centre. The Kilometre Zero is located at Nilai-KLIA Highway junctions.

Jalan Lingkaran Pulau Indah

Jalan Lingkaran Pulau Indah or Persiaran Pulau Lumut is a major highway in the Klang Valley region, Malaysia. It is the only main route to South Klang Valley Expressway E26.

At most sections, it was built under the JKR R5 road standard, allowing maximum speed limit of up to 90 km/h.

Jalan Pekeliling 3

Jalan Pekeliling 3, Federal Route 342, is a federal road in the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), Malaysia.The Kilometre Zero is located at KLIAORR junctions.

At most sections, the Federal Route 343 was built under the JKR R5 road standard, allowing maximum speed limit of up to 90 km/h.

Klang Valley Integrated Transit System

The Klang Valley Integrated Transit System is a railway network that primarily serves the area of Klang Valley and Greater Kuala Lumpur. The system currently consists of 11 fully operating rail lines; two commuter rail lines, five rapid transit lines, one bus rapid transit line and two airport rail link to Kuala Lumpur International Airport and another one to Subang Airport.

List of rail transit stations in the Klang Valley area

Greater Kuala Lumpur/Klang Valley is connected in minutes through the numerous train services provided. Thousands of people use these train services each day. The following are lists of train stations in the Klang Valley which is sorted according to alphabetical order and also according to their routes.

MRT Circle Line

The MRT 3, MRT Line 3 or MRT Circle Line was a proposed thirteenth rail transit line, the fifth fully automated and driverless rail system in Klang Valley area. If completed, this line would form the loop line of the Greater KL/Klang Valley Integrated Transit System. The director of this project is the former chief executive officer of Rapid Rail, Dato' Ir. Zohari Sulaiman.It was one of three planned rail lines under Klang Valley Mass Rapid Transit Project by MRT Corp. Announcement of alignment and station locations was expected during the second quarter of 2011. The MRT Circle Line was expected to cover the hotspots surrounding the Bandar Malaysia, Ampang, KL Ecocity, Bukit Kiara and Sentul. Interest in building the line resurfaced in early 2015, but the project was then shelved by Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad in May 2018.

Malaysia Federal Route 1266

Federal Route 1266, or Jalan FELDA LB Johnson (formerly Negeri Sembilan state route N68), is a major federal road in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.

For most sections, Federal Route 1266 was built under the JKR R5 road standard, allowing a maximum speed limit of up to 90 km/h.

Mass Rapid Transit (Malaysia)

Mass Rapid Transit, better known with its acronym "MRT") is a planned 3-line mass rapid transit system in the Greater Kuala Lumpur (part of Klang Valley region) conurbation in Malaysia. It envisages a "wheel and spoke" concept comprising two northwest-southeast radial lines and one circle line looping around Kuala Lumpur.

The MRT lines, when completed, will be operated as components of the Klang Valley Integrated Transit System.

The "MRT" will not only significantly increase the current inadequate rail network but will also serve to integrate the existing rail networks and alleviate the severe traffic congestion in the Greater KL metropolitan area. The proposal was announced in June 2010 and was approved by the government of Malaysia in December 2010. Construction of the first line commenced in July 2011. The project also represents one of the economic entry point projects identified for the Klang Valley "National Key Economic Area" under the Economic Transformation Programme by the Malaysian government.

The Mass Rapid Transit Corporation Sdn Bhd (MRT Corp), founded in September 2011, has been appointed by the government as the official and asset owner of the project. Prior to the founding of the corporation, the project was managed by Prasarana Malaysia Berhad (Prasarana).

New Klang Valley Expressway

The New Klang Valley Expressway, or the NKVE , and refers to a stretch of the North–South Expressway in Peninsular Malaysia which starts from Bukit Raja near Klang town, and ends at Jalan Duta in Kuala Lumpur. The 35 km (22 miles) expressway is a busiest expressway in Klang Valley during rush hour from/to Kuala Lumpur. People sometimes call it the North Klang Valley Expressway due to its location in Malaysia's most populated region, but most refer to it by its initials. The speed limit on the expressway are 110 km/h (68 mph) on Bukit Raja–Bukit Lanjan stretch and 90 km/h (55 mph) on Bukit Lanjan–Jalan Duta stretch.

The Kilometre Zero is located at Bukit Raja Toll Plaza at Bukit Raja near Klang.

Traffic from the north, destined for places further south of Kuala Lumpur (such as Putrajaya, Seremban, Melaka, Johor Bahru and Singapore), must enter the Bukit Lanjan Interchange and travel west before turning left at Shah Alam (the entry point of North–South Expressway Central Link, E6). Another alternative is by entering Kuala Lumpur via Jalan Duta Interchange and entering Jalan Duta–Segambut Highway and Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 1 which ends at Kuala Lumpur–Seremban Expressway E37 and the southern route E2 but this alternative is quite unwise especially during peak hours, therefore the NKVE is built to bypass Kuala Lumpur for traveling north–south or vice versa.

Persiaran Kerjaya, Glenmarie

Persiaran Kerjaya, or Jalan Glemarie, Federal Route 3213, is a major highway in Klang Valley, Selangor, Malaysia. It is a toll-free highway and act as alternative route to Federal Highway.The Kilometre Zero is located at Jalan Subang-Batu Tiga junction near Shah Alam.

At most sections, the Federal Route 3213 was built under the JKR R5 road standard, allowing maximum speed limit of up to 90 km/h.

Pulau Indah Expressway

The Pulau Indah Expressway, Federal Route 181, is the main expressway in Klang Valley, Selangor, Malaysia. It connects Pandamaran in the Shah Alam Expressway to West Port in Pulau Indah. This 17.7 km (11.0 mi) toll free expressway was opened to traffic in 1995, after four years of construction. Pulau Indah Expressway is a four-laned expressway, unlike the wider Shah Alam Expressway which has six lanes. Many cargo trucks travel along the expressway daily. There are many accidents area along the highway.

The Kilometre Zero of the Federal Route 181 starts at West Port in Pulau Indah.

Selat Lumut Bridge is the longest straits bridge in Klang Valley.

At most sections, the Federal Route 181 was built under the JKR R5 road standard, allowing a speed limit of up to 90 km/h.

Putrajaya–Cyberjaya Expressway

Putrajaya–Cyberjaya Expressway, Federal Route 29, is a major expressway in Klang Valley, Malaysia. It is the first future federal highway on the Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) area. The 21.2 km (13.2 mi) expressway connects Serdang interchange on Damansara–Puchong Expressway to Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang. It was named after the two sides of the MSC cities, Putrajaya and Cyberjaya.

Rapid KL

Rapid KL (styled as rapidKL) is a public transportation system built by Prasarana Malaysia and operated by its subsidiaries, covering the Kuala Lumpur and Klang Valley areas.

It is one of the component of Klang Valley Integrated Transit System. The acronym stands for Rangkaian Pengangkutan Intergrasi Deras Kuala Lumpur.

South Klang Valley Expressway

The South Klang Valley Expressway, or SKVE (Malay: Lebuhraya Lembah Klang Selatan), is an expressway in the southern part of Klang Valley, Malaysia's most densely populated region. This 51.7 km (32.1 mi) dual-carriageway provides links to the booming towns in southern Klang Valley, including the country's administrative capital, Putrajaya. South Klang Valley Expressway is the fifth east–west-oriented expressway in the Klang Valley after the Federal Highway, the New Klang Valley Expressway (NKVE), the Kuala Lumpur–Kuala Selangor Expressway (LATAR) and the Shah Alam Expressway.

Taman Universiti station

The Taman Universiti MRT station is a future provisional Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) station. When constructed, it would serve the nearby Taman Universiti Indah in Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia and serve as one of the stations on Klang Valley Mass Rapid Transit (KVMRT) Sungai Buloh-Serdang-Putrajaya Line. The station will be built on the side of Jalan Putra Permai, nearby the National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia building.

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