Kitty Hawk, North Carolina

Kitty Hawk is a town in Dare County, North Carolina, and is a part of what is known as North Carolina's Outer Banks.[5] The population was 3,272 at the 2010 Census.[6] It was established in the early 18th century as Chickahawk.

Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
Kitty Hawk Airfield in June 1998
Kitty Hawk Airfield in June 1998
Official seal of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina

Seal
Motto(s): 
"First in Flight"
Location in Dare County and the state of North Carolina.
Location in Dare County and the state of North Carolina.
Coordinates: 36°4′37″N 75°42′17″W / 36.07694°N 75.70472°WCoordinates: 36°4′37″N 75°42′17″W / 36.07694°N 75.70472°W
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyDare
Area
 • Total8.23 sq mi (21.3 km2)
 • Land8.18 sq mi (21.2 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation
7 ft (2 m)
Population
 • Total3,272
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
3,473
 • Density400/sq mi (150/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
27949
Area code(s)252
FIPS code37-36060[2]
GNIS feature ID1021059[3]
Websitetownofkittyhawk.org
Historical population
Census Pop.
19901,937
20002,99154.4%
20103,2729.4%
Est. 20163,473[1]6.1%
sources:[4]

History

Kitty Hawk became world-famous after the Wright brothers made the first controlled powered airplane flights at Kill Devil Hills, four miles (6 km) south of the town, on December 17, 1903. After the flights, the brothers walked back to Kitty Hawk, where they sent a telegram from the Weather Bureau office to their father informing him of their success.[7] Kitty Hawk is usually credited as the site of the powered flights because it was the nearest named settlement at the time of the flight; the modern town of Kill Devil Hills did not exist until 50 years after the flights. The Wrights chose the area because its frequent winds and soft sandy surfaces were suitable for their glider experiments, which they conducted over a three-year period prior to making the powered flights.

The aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63), the B-2 Spirit stealth bomber AV-19 with an aircraft number of 93-1086, P-40D Kitty hawk fighter aircraft, the aircraft transport ship USS Kitty Hawk (AKV-1), and the Apollo 14 command module have been named for the town, which incorporated in 1981.[5]

The Kitty Hawk Life-Saving Station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.[8]

Geography

Kitty Hawk is located at 36°06′N 75°42′W / 36.1°N 75.7°W at an elevation of 7 feet (2 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a complete area of 8.23 square miles (21.3 km2). 8.18 square miles (21.2 km2) of it is land and 0.0476 square miles (0.123 km2) of it (0.579%) is water.[9]

Kitty Hawk is served by U.S. Route 158 and Highway 12, which parallel each other in the city. US 158 can be used to go west, while the barrier islands extend north and south.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,991 people, 1,265 households, and 866 families residing in the town. The population density was 365.8 people per square mile (141.2/km²). There were 2,618 housing units at an average density of 320.1 per square mile (123.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.13% White, 0.64% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. 0.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,265 households out of which 27.9% had youngsters under the age of 18 years living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 23.8% of all tribes were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the town, the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 girls, there were 103.7 boys. For every 100 girls age 18 and over, there were 97.6 boys.

The median income for a household in the town was $42,813, and the median income for a family was $48,676. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $25,744 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,960. About 4.3% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of people under age 18 and 4.6% of people age 65 or over.

Politics

Federally, Kitty Hawk is part of North Carolina's 3rd congressional district, represented by Republican Walt Jones, first elected in 1994.

Sister city

References

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Kitty Hawk". Outer Banks Visitors Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
  6. ^ Staff, Website Services & Coordination. "US Census Bureau 2010 Census Interactive Population Map". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2015-12-17.
  7. ^ "Telegram from Orville Wright in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, to His Father Announcing Four Successful Flights, 1903 December 17". World Digital Library. 1903-12-17. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
  8. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  9. ^ Census 2000 Gazetteer Files: Places Archived 2006-10-24 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2009-05-18.

External links

Preceded by
Southern Shores
Beaches of The Outer Banks Succeeded by
Kill Devil Hills
Centennial of Flight Commission

The U. S. Centennial of Flight Commission ("CoFC" or "CofF Commission") was created in 1999, by the U.S. Congress, to serve as a national and international source of information about activities commemorating the centennial of the Wright Brothers' first powered flight on December 17, 1903 (purportedly the first fully controlled, sustained, powered flight of a heavier-than-air man-carrying airplane).There were centennial commemorations and celebrations planned in 2003 to occur in both:

North Carolina (the Wrights' 1903 powered flights took place on the sands at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina); and

Dayton, Ohio, hometown of the Wright brothers.In addition, the commission anticipated numerous historical and educational projects about aviation and aeronautics nationally and internationally, and sought to be a shaping force in those events.The Commission coordinated a national outreach campaign, "Centennial of Flight: Born of Dreams — Inspired by Freedom," "to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Wright brothers’ first powered flight and the century of accomplishments that followed." The Commission also advised the President, Congress and federal agencies on the most effective ways to encourage and promote national and international participation in the commemoration. The CoFC also undertook additional efforts to support Centennial commemorations and celebrations, and related educational and cultural programs, through its alliance with "Centennial Partners" who were "planning everything from cross-country tours to air shows and exhibitions, seminars and television specials." It also sponsored a large educational Centennial website.

Coulaines

Coulaines is a commune in the Sarthe department in the Pays de la Loire region in north-western France. Its sister city is Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, United States.

Ezekiel Airship

The Ezekiel Airship was an early experimental aircraft conceived, designed, and built by the Baptist minister Burrell Cannon, an experienced sawmill operator born in 1848 in Coffeeville, Mississippi. Inspired by and named after the Book of Ezekiel, the craft's design featured four "wheel within a wheel" paddle wheels powered by a four-cylinder gasoline engine. There are unverified claims that it was flown in 1902 in Pittsburg, Texas, a year before the Wright Flyer flew at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

On an unspecified Sunday in 1902, the aircraft is alleged to have flown approximately 160 feet (49 m) at a height of between 10 feet (3.0 m) and 12 feet (3.7 m) in the presence of only a handful of witnesses; there is, however, no physical evidence that such a flight ever took place. Historians have generally discounted claims that the airship ever flew, although some believe that it may have achieved uncontrolled flight.

The original aircraft was destroyed in a storm near Texarkana, en route to St. Louis for the 1904 World's Fair, while in 1922 Cannon's original plans were destroyed in a fire. In the 1980s, a full-size replica of the Ezekiel Airship was built and initially displayed in the Pittsburg Hot Links Restaurant until 2001, when it was moved to its present location in the city's Northeast Texas Rural Heritage Center and Museum.

Full Force Nature

Full Force Nature is a documentary television series that premiered on January 15, 2006 on The Weather Channel.

John C. Towler

John C. Towler, Sr. (July 5, 1939 – December 16, 2015) was an American politician and lawyer.

Born in Charlottesville, Virginia, Towler went to high school in South Boston, Virginia. He graduated from Washington and Lee University. Towler then served in the United States Army and was a second lieutenant. After his military service, Towler received his law degree from Georgetown University Law Center. He practiced law in Roanoke, Virginia and was involved with the Democratic Party. In 1971, Towler served in the Virginia House of Delegates. In 1979, Towler and his wife moved to Beverly Hills, California where he was involved in acting and writing in several television shows. In 1989, Towler and his wife moved to Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Towler died in Barco, North Carolina after suffering a fall.

Northeast Texas Rural Heritage Center and Museum

The Northeast Texas Rural Heritage Center and Museum is a museum in Pittsburg, Texas. It consists of two separate facilities, the Depot Museum and the Farmstead Museum.The Depot Museum is located in a former Cotton Belt railroad depot that was built in 1901. It includes documents and photographs of local and regional historical interest, including artifacts that date from Pittsburg's foundation in 1854. The museum is also home to a collection of antique farming equipment, a display on prominent local people, an art gallery, a wildlife diorama, and an archaeological exhibit documenting the native Caddo.The Depot Museum is perhaps best known for its replica of the Ezekiel Airship, which it acquired in 2001. In 1902, a year before the Wright Flyer flew at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, the Ezekiel Airship was claimed to have flown in Pittsburg. According to these claims, the flight took place in the presence of only a handful of witnesses, and those involved allegedly took an oath of silence; there is no physical evidence to support any of the claims. Historians of human flight have generally dismissed claims that the Ezekiel Airship was the first aircraft to successfully make a heavier-than-air flight; some, however, believe that it may have achieved uncontrolled flight. The full-size replica, based largely on a single surviving photograph, was built by local craftsman Bob Lowery and the Pittsburg Optimist Club in 1986 and 1987. Prior to its acquisition by the museum, the replica was on display at the Pittsburg Hot Links restaurant in downtown Pittsburg.Other industrial and technological exhibits at the Depot Museum include a 1925 American LaFrance fire truck, a Ford Model T, a surrey built in 1909, an 1890s steam engine, a printing press, a working telegraph station, and a telephone switchboard that dates to 1894.The Farmstead Museum consists of a restored early 20th-century farmhouse along with a barn and smokehouse. The house is furnished with period furniture, and the farmstead also includes a demonstration garden were cotton and corn are grown. Additionally, the farmstead features exhibits and demonstrations dedicated to period practices relating to work, leisure, childrearing, cooking, and other aspects of rural family life.

Pan American Aviation Day

Pan American Aviation Day is a United States Federal Observance Day observed December 17. According to 36 U.S.C. § 134, on Pan American Aviation Day the president calls on "all officials of the United States Government, the chief executive offices of the States, territories, and possessions of the United States, and all citizens to participate in the observance of Pan American Aviation Day to further, and stimulate interest in, aviation in the American countries as an important stimulus to the further development of more rapid communications and a cultural development between the countries of the Western Hemisphere." The date commemorates the first successful flight of a mechanically propelled heavier-than-air craft, accomplished on December 17, 1903, by the Wright brothers near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

USS Kitty Hawk

Two ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Kitty Hawk (after Kitty Hawk, North Carolina):

USS Kitty Hawk (AKV-1) was a cargo ship and aircraft transport that served during World War II

USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) is the lead ship of the Kitty Hawk-class aircraft carriers, and was in commission between 1961 and 2009See also

Kitty Hawk was the name of the Command Module on Apollo 14

USS Kitty Hawk (AKV-1)

USS Kitty Hawk (APV-1/AKV-1), formerly SS Seatrain New York, was built in 1932 by Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Corporation of Chester, Pennsylvania for Seatrain Lines, Inc.

She was acquired by the United States Navy on 25 June 1941; and renamed Kitty Hawk on 8 July. She was named after Kitty Hawk, North Carolina where the Wright brothers made the world's first powered heavier than air flight on 17 December 1903. She was converted to an aircraft transport by Tietjin & Land Dry Dock Corporation, Hoboken, New Jersey and commissioned on 26 November 1941, at New York Navy Yard, with Commander E. C. Rogers in command.

W. Lunsford Crew

W. Lunsford Crew (October 29, 1917 – October 10, 2004) was an American politician who served in the North Carolina Senate from the 4th district from 1953 to 1965.He died on October 10, 2004, in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina at age 86.

Warren Spears

Warren Spears (May 2, 1954 - January 8, 2005) was an American dancer and choreographer. Born in Detroit, Michigan, he studied dance as a child, then moved to New York City in 1972 to study at the Juilliard School.

While in school, he came to the attention of Alvin Ailey, who invited him to join his dance troupe. Spears danced with Ailey's troupe from 1974 to 1977, when he left to concentrate on his own choreography.

Spears was a choreographer for the Dayton Contemporary Dance Company, including choreographing dances in honor of the centennial of the Wright brothers' flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The piece, evoking the courage of wartime flight, included a tribute to the Tuskegee Airmen.

Spears returned to New York, where he founded his own dance company, the Spears Collection. He also worked with the Alvin Ailey Repertory Ensemble and the Joyce Trisler Danscompany.

In the 1980s, he moved to Denmark, where he founded the New Danish Dance Theater in 1983. He was knighted by Queen Margrethe in 2003.

Spears appeared in the film Dancer in the Dark for Lars von Trier.

Spears died of multiple myeloma in Copenhagen, at the age of 50.

Wright Brothers Day

Wright Brothers Day (December 17) is a United States national observation. It is codified in the US Code, and commemorates the first successful flights in a heavier-than-air, mechanically propelled airplane, that were made by Orville and Wilbur Wright on December 17, 1903, near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. On September 24, 1959 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower declared December 17 to be Wright Brothers Day.Wright Brothers Day was announced as an official commemorative day in Ohio, on October 5, 2011, celebrating 100 years of practical flight for the Wright Brothers.

Wright Brothers Medal

The Wright Brothers Medal was conceived of in 1924 by the Dayton Section of the Society of Automotive Engineers, and the SAE established it in 1927 to recognize individuals who have made notable contributions in the engineering, design, development, or operation of air and space vehicles. The award is based on contributed research papers.The award honors Wilbur and Orville Wright as the first successful builders of heavier-than-air craft, and includes an image of the Wright Flyer, the plane which they flew in 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

Wright Brothers flights of 1909

Airplane inventors Wilbur and Orville Wright are famed for making the first controlled, powered, heavier-than-air flights on 17 December 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Lesser-known are other flights of theirs which played an important role at the dawn of aviation history. In 1909 Wilbur was invited by the Hudson-Fulton Celebration Committee to make paid exhibition flights to help mark 300 years of New York history, including Henry Hudson discovering Manhattan and Robert Fulton starting a successful commercial steamboat service on the Hudson River. The committee wanted the Wrights to demonstrate flights over the water around New York City. Orville was making flights for customers in Germany, so Wilbur, who had just finished training U.S. Army pilots, accepted the job.

Wright Flyer

The Wright Flyer (often retrospectively referred to as Flyer I or 1903 Flyer) was the first successful heavier-than-air powered aircraft. It was designed and built by the Wright brothers. They flew it four times on December 17, 1903, near Kill Devil Hills, about four miles (6.4 km) south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Today, the airplane is exhibited in the National Air and Space Museum in Washington D.C. The U.S. Smithsonian Institution describes the aircraft as "the first powered, heavier-than-air machine to achieve controlled, sustained flight with a pilot aboard." The flight of Flyer I marks the beginning of the "pioneer era" of aviation.

Municipalities and communities of Dare County, North Carolina, United States
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