Kingston, Massachusetts

Kingston is a coastal town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. According to the 2010 Census, it had a population of 12,629.[1]

Kingston, Massachusetts
Green Street
Green Street
Official seal of Kingston, Massachusetts

Seal
Nickname(s): 
K-town, Crowntown
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°59′33″N 70°43′35″W / 41.9925°N 70.7265°WCoordinates: 41°59′33″N 70°43′35″W / 41.9925°N 70.7265°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyPlymouth
Settled1620
Incorporated1726
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Town AdministratorThomas Calter
 • Board of SelectmenElaine A. Fiore
Tammy A. Murray
Joshua A. Warren
Kathleen R. LaNatra
Sandra MacFarlane
Area
 • Total20.5 sq mi (53.1 km2)
 • Land18.6 sq mi (48.3 km2)
 • Water1.9 sq mi (4.8 km2)
Elevation
105 ft (34 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total12,629
 • Density620/sq mi (240/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
02364
Area code(s)339 / 781
FIPS code25-33220
GNIS feature ID0619469
Websitewww.kingstonmass.org

History

Before European settlers arrived, Kingston was within the tribal homeland of the Wampanoag people. Several years before the Mayflower had landed in Plymouth, during the Native American epidemic of 1616 to 1619, the Wampanoag population was severely damaged from a rapidly spreading pandemics due to earlier contacts with Europeans.[2] Several ancient Native American burial sites have been located within the borders of Kingston.

Originally part of Plymouth, Kingston was first settled by Europeans shortly after the landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock in 1620. It was settled once more in 1635.[3] During 1675, several bloody battles during King Philip's War are believed to have occurred within Kingston's borders and the residence of Governor Bradford, which is now part of Kingston, was raided by Wampanoag warriors.

In 1685, the area was placed within the boundaries of Plymouth County and for a brief time, between 1686 and 1689, the borders of Kingston were within the Dominion of New England.

Kingston was first established as Plymouth's northern precinct in 1717 upon the creation of First Parish Kingston, now a Unitarian Universalist church in the town's center.[3] Kingston was incorporated as a distinct town on June 16, 1726, following a tax dispute between the residents of north and south Plymouth, when the parish was known as the upper class portion of Plymouth. Kingston's borders were carved out of neighboring towns Plymouth, Duxbury, Plympton and Pembroke, all of which were incorporated before Kingston.[3]

Kingston is home to the longest continuously run boat yard in North America, now named the Jones River Landing. The American Revolutionary War era brig, USS Independence, was built by Kingston shipbuilders on the Jones River and has emerged as a town icon, featured on the Kingston town seal.

The tenure of the Independence in the Massachusetts Navy was short, however; the ship was captured in battle off the coast of Nova Scotia by HMS Hope and HMS Nancy.

Summer Street, Post Office, Kingston, MA
Summer Street in 1906

In the early-to-middle 19th century, Kingston flourished as a center for shipbuilding, as well as ice harvesting. Jones River Pond, the largest body of freshwater in town, was used during the long New England winters to harvest ice. The harvested product was then shipped throughout the world. Jones River Pond was even renamed to Silver Lake for marketing purposes during the height of the ice harvesting export industry, and retains the name today. Kingston is also home to the first co-op store in North America, which was closed when the Silver Lake Post Office shuttered operations in 1954.

On April 14, 1857, Kingston annexed a small part of Duxbury. It would be the last addition to the town's borders to date.[3]

In the 1950s Kingston was transformed from a small rural town into an extension of the Boston metropolitan area when Massachusetts Route 3 was constructed, connecting Boston to Cape Cod, with two exits in Kingston (and a third exit immediately over the town line in Duxbury).

Kingston saw its largest population growth in the 1990s when the Old Colony Railroad was reopened as a commuter rail line, connecting once-rural Kingston with Boston, making Kingston an even more viable place for commuters to live. More recently, Kingston has seen the construction of four industrial-sized wind turbines, located along Route 3.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.5 square miles (53.1 km2), of which 18.6 square miles (48.3 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.8 km2), or 9.02%, is water.[4] Kingston is bordered by the town of Pembroke to the north, Duxbury to the northeast, Plymouth to the south, Carver to the southwest, and Plympton to the west. Kingston is approximately 18 miles (29 km) southeast of Brockton and 35 miles (56 km) south-southeast of Boston.

Kingston lies on Kingston Bay, an inlet to the larger Plymouth Bay. The Jones River runs through the town from its source, Silver Lake, to the bay. There are several brooks that branch off the river, as well as several other smaller ponds throughout the town, including Muddy Pond. There is a state forest in the town, located in the southern portion of the town which is commonly used for biking, off-roading, and hunting. Kingston is also the site of Gray's Beach, in a neighborhood called Rocky Nook, just north of the Plymouth town line.

Kingston's highest natural point, with an elevation of 313 feet, is Monk's Hill.[5]

Transportation

KingstonMA GraniteMileMarker 20170521 (35563329673)
Historic granite milemarker on Loring Street

Massachusetts Route 3, also known as the Pilgrims Highway, runs through the eastern portion of town. There are three exits for Kingston: at the Independence Mall, now called the Kingston Collection, in the southern portion of town, at Route 3A, and on the Kingston/Duxbury town line where Route 3A again crosses the highway. The new highway portion of U.S. Route 44 passes through the southern portion of town, along the edge of the state forest, on its way to its new intersection with Route 3. Additionally, Routes 27, 53, 80, and 106 all end in the town, with all except Route 27 (which ends at Route 106) ending at their intersections with Route 3A.

Kingston is one of the two termini of the Kingston/Plymouth line of the MBTA's Commuter Rail system. The Kingston terminus is located just off Route 3, north of the mall. Regional air service can be reached at Plymouth Municipal Airport; the nearest national and international air service can be reached at Logan International Airport in Boston.

Kingston is located on the 42nd parallel, recognized by a roadside memorial on Loring Street near the Bay Farms area.

Commuter rail service from Boston's South Station is provided by the MBTA with a stop in Kingston on its Plymouth/Kingston Line.[6] Commuter bus service from Plymouth to Boston is provided by Plymouth and Brockton Street Railway Company with a stop in Kingston.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18501,591—    
18601,655+4.0%
18701,604−3.1%
18801,524−5.0%
18901,659+8.9%
19001,955+17.8%
19102,445+25.1%
19202,505+2.5%
19302,672+6.7%
19402,783+4.2%
19503,461+24.4%
19604,302+24.3%
19705,999+39.4%
19807,362+22.7%
19909,045+22.9%
200011,780+30.2%
201012,629+7.2%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16]

As of the American Community Survey[17] of 2009, there were 12,484 people, 4,363 households, and 2,940 families residing in the town. The population density was 674.8 people per square mile (260.1/km²). There were 4,707 housing units at an average density of 254.5 per square mile (98.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.3% white, 0.1% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 4,363 households out of which 35.6% had children over the age of 24 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with 5 husbands present, and 32.6% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 65 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.08 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $79,045, and the median income for a family was $99,438. Males had a median income of $67,712 versus $48,846 for females. The per capita income for the town was $36,771. About 3.3% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Kingston2
Old Kingston Town Hall, with Civil War monument in foreground. This building was in use from 1841 to 2003, when a new building opened.

Kingston is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the Twelfth Plymouth District, which includes Plympton and Halifax, plus portions of Duxbury, Middleborough and Plymouth. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the Plymouth and Barnstable District, which includes Bourne, Falmouth, Pembroke, Plymouth, and Sandwich.[18] The town is patrolled by the First (Norwell) Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police.[19]

On the national level, Kingston is a part of Massachusetts's 9th congressional district, and is currently represented by Bill Keating. The state's senior (Class II) member of the United States Senate, elected in 2012, is Elizabeth Warren. The junior (Class I) senator, elected in a special election replacing John Kerry in 2013, is Ed Markey.

Kingston operates under the open town meeting form of government, led by a town administrator and a board of selectmen. Kingston's town offices moved into a new building in 2003, closer to its animal control and highway department facilities on Evergreen Street, on the opposite side of Evergreen Cemetery from the old building. The town operates its own police and fire departments. The town's EMT service brings its patients to nearby Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital- Plymouth. The town has a single post office, located along Route 3A. The Kingston Public Library is located just across the street from the old town hall, and is a part of the Old Colony Library Network.

Education

Kingston is a member of the Silver Lake Regional School District along with Halifax and Plympton. Although the towns in the Silver Lake School District share a middle school and a high school, each operates their own elementary schools. Kingston operates the Kingston Elementary School and Kingston Intermediate School for students from kindergarten through sixth grade.

Once students reach seventh grade they are sent to Silver Lake Regional Middle School and then Silver Lake Regional High School, both in Kingston. Silver Lake's teams are known as the Lakers, and their colors are red and silver. Their chief rival is Pembroke High School, whom they play in the annual Thanksgiving Day football game. Pembroke was previously part of the Silver Lake Regional School District but withdrew in 2005. A new Silver Lake High School building finished construction in January 2006. The official school website can be found at the Silver Lake Regional School District Website. Silver Lake operates its own vocational facilities; if a trade is chosen that is not supported by Silver Lake students are sent to South Shore Vocational Technical High School in Hanover. Silver Lake was recognized in 2008 by Boston Magazine as being one of the 30 smartest public high schools in Massachusetts. This is based on criteria including student achievement, college preparation, athletics programs, electives and the overall cost per community.

Kingston is home to one private school, Sacred Heart, which is located along Bishops Highway (Route 80) just south of Route 44. It serves students from kindergarten through twelfth grade.

Media

Television

Kingston is covered in both the Boston and Providence, Rhode Island media markets, receiving WCVB (ABC), WBZ (CBS), and WBTS (NBC) news from Boston. Recently WFXT (Fox 25) has added a news bureau which covers Kingston.

Newspapers

Over the years, Kingston has had many different newspapers. In 1912, the Kingston News had a brief stint. From 1927 to 1930, the Kingston Sun covered town. For many years, through the 1980s, the Pembroke-based Silver Lake News covered Kingston news. In the 1970s, the Kingston Voice was founded and became the Independent Voice in the 1980s. The Kingston Observer operated from 1987 to 2009.[3] Since then, the Kingston Reporter is printed and read by town locals.

Kingston is covered in print media by the Boston Globe, Boston Herald, The Patriot Ledger, Brockton Enterprise, and the Kingston Reporter since 1984.

Notable people

Frederic C. Adams Library, Kingston, MA
The old Frederic C. Adams Library in 1915

See also

References

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Kingston town, Plymouth County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  2. ^ http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/16/2/09-0276_article.htm
  3. ^ a b c d e https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Kingston,_Massachusetts
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Kingston town, Plymouth County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  5. ^ http://capecodhistory.us/Mass1890/Nason-odd.htm
  6. ^ Kingston station official website.mbta.com. Accessed May 25, 2008.
  7. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  8. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  18. ^ Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from Mass.gov
  19. ^ Station D-1, SP Norwell
  20. ^ Goldstein, Meredith; Shanahan, Mark (6 November 2014). "Chris Cooper to play J.D. Salinger". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 21 July 2016.

External links

Beulah Marie Dix

Beulah Marie Dix (January 24, 1876 – September 25, 1970) was an American screenwriter of the silent and sound film eras, as well as a playwright and author of novels and children's books. She wrote for more than 55 films between 1917 and 1942. Dix married G. H. Flebbe at St. John's Chapel in Boston, Massachusetts on May 6, 1910.

Chris Cooper

Christopher Walton Cooper (born July 9, 1951) is an American film actor. He has appeared in supporting performances in several major Hollywood films, including the drama American Beauty (1999), the biopic about a NASA engineer titled October Sky (1999), the action spy film The Bourne Identity (2002), the biographical sports film Seabiscuit (2003), the biographical film about Truman Capote, Capote (2005), the geopolitical thriller Syriana (2005), the action-thriller The Kingdom (2007), the crime drama The Town (2010), and the musical comedy film The Muppets (2011). He also portrayed Sheriff July Johnson in the acclaimed miniseries Lonesome Dove, which became one of the most successful Westerns in history.

Cooper won both the Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in the 2002 film Adaptation. He played a lead role in the historical and political thriller Breach (2007), playing FBI agent and traitor Robert Hanssen. He played Daniel Sloan in the 2012 political thriller The Company You Keep, and supervillain Norman Osborn in The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (2014). He also portrayed Al Templeton on the 2016 Hulu miniseries 11.22.63.

He is a frequent collaborator with director John Sayles, including Matewan (1987), City of Hope (1991), Lone Star (1996), Silver City (2004) and Amigo (2010).

Crossman Pond

Crossman Pond is a 15-acre (61,000 m2) pond in Kingston, Massachusetts, located off Wapping Road (Route 106) and South Street. The pond is hydro logically associated with a cranberry bog operation located to the west of the pond. The outflow is an unnamed stream that feeds the cranberry bog, ultimately leading to Fountainhead Brook, a tributary of the Jones River. The water quality is impaired due to non-native aquatic plants.

Indian Pond (Kingston, Massachusetts)

Indian Pond is a 66-acre (270,000 m2) shallow, infertile, warm-water pond in Kingston and Plympton, Massachusetts, west of Route 80 and north of the new U.S. Route 44 highway. The average depth of the pond is three feet. Access to the pond is off Indian Road in Plympton. Fishing is regarded as generally poor due to the acidity of the water and the pond's natural infertility.

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Jones River

The Jones River is a 7.5-mile-long (12.1 km) river running through Kingston, Massachusetts. The river drains about 30 square miles (78 km2), has its source in Silver Lake and drains into Kingston Bay. Land surrounding the river is 52% forested, of which 22% has been developed for residential use. There is a USGS stream gauge along 16 square miles (41 km2) of the river and it has measured the flow at 0.7 cubic feet per second (0.020 m3/s) per square mile of drainage area.

The Pilgrims named the river after Christopher Jones, captain of the Mayflower in 1620. On some years the Forge Pond Dam on Lake Street prevents any water from flowing into the river from the lake. Silver Lake is supposed to contribute about twenty percent of the river's flow as its main source. The decreased flow results in slower water, higher water temperature, decreased river mass and less sediment flushing. These unhealthy river characteristics make it harder for diadromous fish and other river animals to survive. The river has been dammed at Elm Street where a new 2 lane bridge and a fish ladder exist. The river is navigable only by small boats below that, and the river below it is effected by the tides. It winds widely through marshes below that before emptying into Kingston Bay.

The Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife has stocked the Jones River with trout.

Kathleen LaNatra

Kathleen LaNatra is a State Representative who represents the 12th Plymouth District in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. She represents the towns of Duxbury, Halifax, Kingston, Plymouth, and Plympton. LaNatra serves on the House Committee on Technology and Intergovernmental Affairs, the Joint Committee on Economic Development and Emerging Technologies, the Joint Committee on Elder Affairs, and the Joint Committee on Election Laws.

Kingston Collection

Kingston Collection is a one-story enclosed upscale shopping center located in the South Shore region of Massachusetts in the United States. The mall features over 100 stores and restaurants. Anchor stores include Macy's and Target.

Muddy Pond (Kingston, Massachusetts)

Muddy Pond, also known as Lake Providence, is a 37-acre (150,000 m2) pond in Kingston, Massachusetts, located east of Route 80 and south of U.S. Route 44. The pond is not open to the public. The Sisters of Divine Providence runs Camp Mishannock, a summer camp for girls, at this pond. The water quality is impaired due to non-native aquatic plants.

Peleg Wadsworth

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Pembroke Street South Pond

Pembroke Street South Pond is a 16-acre (65,000 m2) pond in Kingston, Massachusetts. The pond is located on Route 27 northwest of the intersection with Winter Street and Reed Street, south of Reeds Millpond. Pine Brook, a tributary of the Jones River, flows through the pond. The water quality is impaired due to non-native aquatic plants and non-native fish in the pond.

Reeds Millpond

Reeds Millpond is a 10-acre (40,000 m2) pond in Kingston, Massachusetts. The pond is located on Route 27 northwest of the intersection with Winter Street and Reed Street, north of Pembroke Street South Pond, south of Lower Chandler Pond and southwest of Pine Street Pond. Pine Brook, a tributary of the Jones River, flows through the pond. The water quality is impaired due to non-native aquatic plants and non-native fish in the pond.

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Russell Pond (Massachusetts)

Russell Pond is a 14-acre (57,000 m2) pond in Kingston, Massachusetts. The pond is located northeast of Indian Pond off Route 80. The pond is the headwaters to Furnace Brook, a tributary of the Jones River. The water quality is impaired due to non-native aquatic plants and non-native fish in the pond.

Sacred Heart Schools (Kingston, Massachusetts)

The Sacred Heart School System is a private college preparatory school system of Roman Catholic denomination in Kingston, Massachusetts. The schools are located in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston. The school system is operated by the Sisters of Divine Providence and has been educating students in grades 7-12 since its establishment in 1947. It more recently developed into grades PreK-12, and is now made up of three schools, an elementary school, a pre-primary (kindergarten) school, and an Intermediate and High School. Masses are held monthly and on special occasions in either the high school auditorium or in the high school chapel.

The three schools, a summer camp, and the Provincial Residence are also located on the extensive campus. Sacred Heart has won numerous regional and national recognitions for visual and performing arts. The school paper, The Heart Beat, has also achieved regional and international recognition.

Silver Lake (Plymouth County, Massachusetts)

Silver Lake is a 640-acre (2.6 km2) lake in Pembroke, Kingston, and Plympton, Massachusetts, south of Route 27 and east of Route 36. The Pembroke/Plympton town line is entirely within the lake, and a portion of the western shoreline of the lake is the town line with Halifax. It used to be called the Jones River Pond, but its name was changed to Silver Lake in the 1800s in a marketing effort to sell more ice from it. The lake is the principal water supply for the City of Brockton, whose water treatment plant is on Route 36 in Halifax. The inflow of the pond is Tubbs Meadow Brook, and the pond is the headwaters of the Jones River. Occasionally water is diverted into Silver Lake from Monponsett Pond in Halifax and Furnace Pond in Pembroke (through Tubbs Meadow Brook) whenever there is a water shortage. Although the lake is a reservoir, which prevents recreational activities to keep the drinking water clean, the water from the diversions are not and can pump in contaminated water. Monponsett Pond in particular has reoccurring toxic algae growths which get transferred into the lake. It is supposed to be the main source of the Jones River by contributing aboot twenty percent of the river's flow, but the Forge Pond Dam near its base lets out minimal, some years no, water to the river. This also prevents migratory aquatic animals from reaching the lake. Brockton prefers to keep the dam to have more accessible water. Access to the pond is through Silver Lake Sanctuary, a 92-acre (370,000 m2) property where one can walk, hike and fish, which is located at the end of Barses Lane, off Route 27 in Kingston.

Silver Lake Regional High School

Silver Lake Regional High School is a public, regional high school in Massachusetts' South Shore region. It is the only secondary school in the Silver Lake Regional School District, comprising the towns of Kingston, Plympton and Halifax, Massachusetts. From 1955 to 2004, the Silver Lake Regional School District included the town of Pembroke, Massachusetts.

Smelt Pond

Smelt Pond is a 44-acre (180,000 m2) pond in Kingston, Massachusetts. The pond is located west of the Independence Mall and north of U.S. Route 44. Camp Nekon, a 193-acre (0.78 km2) former Girl Scout camp which closed in 1975 and has since become a recreation area, surrounds the pond. The water quality is impaired due to non-native aquatic plants and non-native fish in the pond.

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In 2012, Murphy was elected president of the American Football Coaches Association.

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