King County, Texas

King County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 286,[2] making it the second-least populous county in Texas and the third-least populous of any county in the United States. King County has no incorporated communities. Its county seat is the Census Designated Place of Guthrie.[3] The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1891.[4] It is named for William Philip King, who died at the Battle of the Alamo.

Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented King County in the Texas House of Representatives.[5]

King County, Texas
King county 1914 courthouse
King County Courthouse in Guthrie
Map of Texas highlighting King County

Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas

Texas's location within the U.S.
Founded1891
Named forWilliam Philip King
SeatGuthrie
Largest communityGuthrie
Area
 • Total913 sq mi (2,365 km2)
 • Land911 sq mi (2,359 km2)
 • Water2.5 sq mi (6 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)296[1]
 • Density0.3/sq mi (0.1/km2)
Congressional district13th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.kingcountytexas.us

History

Native Americans

Apache and Comanche were early tribes in the area. The Red River War of 1874-1875 was a United States Army campaign to force the removal of Natives in Texas and their relocation to reservations, to open the region to white settlers.[6]

County established

On August 21, 1876, the Texas legislature formed King County from Bexar County. By 1880 the United States Census counted forty residents in the county. In 1891, the county was organized. Guthrie was designated as the county seat.[6]

George Preston Humphreys monument, King Co., TX IMG 6229
Monument off U.S. Highway 83 to George Preston Humphreys (1899-1979), the manager of the 6666 Ranch, who also served as King County sheriff from 1928-1948

Early ranchers preserved water by damming canyons and draws to hold the heavy spring rains. In the 1890s windmills became the method of water preservation.[7] Some of the earliest settlers were Isom Lynn, A. C. Tackett, Brants Baker, and Bud Arnett. The Four Sixes Ranch. was established in 1902 by Samuel Burk Burnet.[8] The formerly-named Pitchfork Land and Cattle Company was organized in 1883, and SMS ranches were established during the same time frame.[9] The 6666 (called Four Sixes Ranch), also founded in 1883, was managed from 1965–1986 by George Humphreys, who was also affiliated with the National Ranching Heritage Center in Lubbock.

Dumont was formed in the late 19th century. By that time, farmers began to share the land with ranchers. Cotton was the leading crop for a time, followed by corn, sorghum, and fruit trees.[10]

Oil was discovered in the county in 1943. By January 1, 1991, almost 114,403,000 barrels (18,188,600 m3) of oil had been pumped from King County lands since the first wells were drilled.[6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 913 square miles (2,360 km2), of which 911 square miles (2,360 km2) is land and 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) (0.3%) is water.[11]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
188040
1890173332.5%
1900490183.2%
191081065.3%
1920655−19.1%
19301,19382.1%
19401,066−10.6%
1950870−18.4%
1960640−26.4%
1970464−27.5%
1980425−8.4%
1990354−16.7%
20003560.6%
2010286−19.7%
Est. 2017296[12]3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1850–2010[14] 2010–2014[2]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 356 people, 108 households, and 88 families residing in the county. The population density was 0.39 people per square mile (0.15/km²). There were 174 housing units at an average density of 0.19 per square mile (0.07/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.10% White, 1.12% Native American, 3.09% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. 9.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 108 households out of which 41.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.60% were married couples living together, 1.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.60% were non-families. 16.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county, the population was spread out with 33.70% under the age of 18, 3.70% from 18 to 24, 29.50% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,625, and the median income for a family was $36,875. Males had a median income of $21,389 versus $30,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,321. 20.70% of the population and 17.90% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 23.00% are under the age of 18 and 31.60% are 65 or older.

Politics

King County was once a strongly Democratic county even by Solid South standards. In 1948, 95.85 percent of voters supported Harry S. Truman,[16] in 1960 76.9 percent of voters chose John F. Kennedy[17] and in 1964, 84.1 percent of voters supported Lyndon Johnson.[18] The county also voted for Hubert Humphrey by a plurality in 1968, with 48.7 percent supporting Humphrey while 31.7 percent voted for George Wallace and a mere 19.6 percent voted for Richard Nixon.[19]

However, the county has shifted strongly Republican since the 1980s. The last Democratic presidential candidate to win over twenty percent of the vote in King County was Bill Clinton in 1996.[20]

In the 2004 presidential election, 87.8 percent (137 votes) supported incumbent U.S. President George W. Bush, a Republican, whereas only 11.5 percent (18 votes) backed the Democratic challenger, U.S. Senator John Kerry.[21]

In the 2008 presidential election, 93.2 percent (151 votes) supported the Republican, Senator John McCain, whereas only 4.9 percent (8 votes) backed the Democrat, Senator Barack Obama. Of all United States counties, King had the largest percentage of support for McCain.[22]

In the 2012 presidential election, President Obama fared even worse in King County. His Republican challenger, Mitt Romney, received 139 votes in the county (amounting to 95.9% of the county's total votes in the presidential election), while President Obama received only 5 votes — amounting to 3.4 percent of the total.[23][24] That percentage was the smallest percentage that President Obama received in any county in the United States in 2012.[24]

In addition, in the 2012 Democratic Presidential primaries (in which President Obama faced no serious opposition nationwide), King County was one of two counties that voted for Bob Ely over President Obama. There were only 7 votes cast in the Democratic presidential primary election in King County that year. Ely won 4 of them, Obama won 1, and two other minor candidates won 1 each.[25]

In the 2016 presidential election, Secretary Hillary Clinton continued the downward trend. Her Republican challenger, Donald Trump, received 149 votes in the county (93.7% of the county's total votes), while Secretary Clinton received only 5 votes — amounting to 3.1 percent of the total. Libertarian Party candidate Gary Johnson also received 5 votes.[26]

In the 2012 U.S. Senate election, Republican candidate Ted Cruz received 117 votes (amounting to 95.9% of the county's total vote), while Democratic candidate Paul Sadler received 4 votes, or 3.3 percent of the total.[28]

In the 2014 U.S. Senate election, Republican incumbent Senator John Cornyn received 87 votes (amounting to 96.7% of the county's total vote), while Democratic candidate David Alameel received 1 vote, or 1.1 percent of the total. Libertarian Party candidate Rebecca Paddock received 2 votes, or 2.2 percent of the total.[29]

In the 2014 Texas gubernatorial election, Republican candidate Greg Abbott received 90 votes (amounting to 96.8% of the county's total vote), while Democratic candidate Wendy Davis received 1 vote, or 1.1 percent of the total. Libertarian Party candidate Kathie Glass received 2 votes, or 2.2 percent of the total.[30]

Economy

The primary industries are raising beef cattle (since the late 19th century), and oil production (since 1943). Corn and cotton are the leading planted farm crops.

Communities

There are no incorporated areas in King County.

See also

References

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: King County, Texas".
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved December 18, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
  5. ^ "State Rep. Springer announces district tour July 30". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, July 16, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c Leffler, John (2010-06-15). "King County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  7. ^ Coppedge, Clay. "Windmills". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  8. ^ Chiles, Jim (June 1980). "Who Owns Texas". Texas Monthly: 124.
  9. ^ Clayton, Lawrence; Salvant, J U (1997). Historic Ranches of Texas. University of Texas Press. pp. 55–60. ISBN 978-0-292-71189-1.
  10. ^ "Dumont, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  11. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
  14. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  16. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas - 1948 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2012-11-26.
  17. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - Data Graphs". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  18. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - Data Graphs". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  19. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - Data Graphs". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  20. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - Data Graphs". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  21. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - Data Graphs". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  22. ^ "America's Decision - Election Tracking Map". Fox News. Retrieved 2008-11-07.
  23. ^ 2012 Texas Presidential Election Results, from Politico. Retrieved on November 15, 2012.
  24. ^ a b CNN, Video: Visit the most anti-Obama county in the U.S., from YouTube. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
  25. ^ King County Race Summary for the 2012 Democratic presidential primary election, from the Historical Election Results Archived 2014-01-09 at the Wayback Machine section of the website of the Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved on September 18, 2013.
  26. ^ Texas results in the 2016 presidential election, from Politico. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  27. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  28. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - Data Graphs". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  29. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - Data Graphs". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  30. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - Data Graphs". Retrieved 28 November 2014.

External links

Coordinates: 33°37′N 100°15′W / 33.61°N 100.25°W

6666 Ranch

The 6666 Ranch (a.k.a. Four Sixes Ranch) is a historic ranch in King County, Texas as well as Carson County and Hutchinson County, Texas.

A Fine Dark Line

A Fine Dark Line is a 2002 novel by American writer Joe R. Lansdale. The story is set in Dumont, Texas in 1958. This novel was issued as a limited edition by Subterranean Press and as a trade hardcover and a trade paperback by Mysterious Press. Both hardcover editions are now out of print. A trade paperback was published by Mysterious Press on October 1, 2003.

Arthur County, Nebraska

Arthur County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 460, making it Nebraska's least populous county and the fifth-least populous county in the United States (behind only Loving County, Texas, Kalawao County, Hawaii, King County, Texas, and Kenedy County, Texas). Its county seat and only incorporated community is Arthur.In the Nebraska license plate system, Arthur County is represented by the prefix 91 (it had the 91st-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

Arthur County contains the historic First Arthur County Courthouse and Jail, believed to be the smallest courthouse in the United States.

Crowell Independent School District

Crowell Independent School District is a public school district based in Crowell, Texas (USA).

The district serves all of Foard County, and extends into small portions of King and Knox counties.

Crowell ISD has one campus -

Grades PK-12th

In 2015, the school district was rated "academically acceptable" by the Texas Education Agency.

Dumont, Texas

Dumont is an unincorporated community in King County, Texas, United States. It lies in the far northwestern corner of the county, near the Dickens County line. As of the 2000 census, the population was estimated to be 85, making it the second largest community in the sparsely populated county, behind the county seat of Guthrie.

Finney, Texas

Finney is an unincorporated community in King County, Texas, United States.

As of the 1990 Census, the population was estimated to be 70 residents.

Grow, Texas

Grow is an unincorporated community in King County, Texas, United States. It lies in the north-central part of the county, approximately 85 miles east of Lubbock.

Guthrie, Texas

Guthrie is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in, and the county seat of, King County in the U.S. state of Texas. It is in the northern part of the state, 93 miles (150 km) east of Lubbock. It serves as the principal headquarters of the Four Sixes Ranch. As of the 2010 census the population was 160.

Guthrie Common School District

Guthrie Common School District is a public school district based in the community of Guthrie, Texas (USA).

The district operates one building that houses Guthrie School (which serves students in grades kindergarten through twelve), as well as the GCSD administration offices and the King County Library.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Texas

These historic properties and districts in the state of Texas are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Properties and/or districts are listed in most of Texas's 254 counties.

The tables linked below are intended to provide a complete list of properties and districts listed in each county. The locations of National Register properties and districts with latitude and longitude data may be seen in an online map by clicking on "Map of all coordinates".The names on the lists are as they were entered into the National Register; some place names are uncommon or have changed since being added to the National Register.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted June 14, 2019.

Pitchfork Ranch

The Pitchfork Ranch, established in 1883, encompasses some 181,000 acres (73,000 ha) in Dickens and King counties in West Texas, in the United States, with an annex in Jefferson County in southern Oklahoma. Previous properties in Kansas and Wyoming have been since sold.Officially known as the Pitchfork Land & Cattle Company of St. Louis, Missouri, the ranch runs commercial cattle: Angus and Herefords as well as the “black baldy”, a term which refers to the cross-breeding of Angus and Hereford. There are also South Texas crossbreds. The Pitchfork boasts 113 windmills, 80 pastures enclosed by more than 300 miles (480 km) of fence, and 5,000 cows and bulls. The ranch has never sold an acre in Texas but has slowly expanded from its original 52,500 acres (21,200 ha). The Pitchfork is also unlike most ranches in that it is larger today than when it was established, whereas most large ranches have followed the opposite course over the years and sold off acreage.The ranch is featured in a photographic book Pitchfork Country by its past manager Bob Moorhouse, a member of the ranch board of directors. It is open to the public for hunting and for organized tours.

Samuel Burk Burnett

Samuel Burk Burnett (January 1, 1849 – June 27, 1922) was an American cattleman and rancher from Texas.

Texas State Highway 114

State Highway 114 (or SH 114) is a state highway that runs from the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex westward across Texas to the state border with New Mexico, where it becomes New Mexico State Road 114, which eventually ends at Elida, New Mexico at US 70 / NM 330.

Texas State Highway 222

State Highway 222 or SH 222 is a state highway in north-central Texas. It runs 59.725 miles (96.118 km) between U.S. Highway 82/State Highway 114 (US 82/SH 114) and US 380. SH 222 was established in 1935 as a renumbering of SH 126.

Texas State Highway Spur 729

Spur 729 is an approximately 0.2-mile (0.32 km) state highway spur in King County, Texas. As of 2013, it was the highest numbered spur route in the Texas state highway system, until the completion of Spur 1966.

U.S. Route 82 in Texas

In the U.S. state of Texas, U.S. Route 82 is a U.S. Highway that begins on the New Mexico border and heads east through West Texas and Lubbock to the Arkansas border at Texarkana.

U.S. Route 83 in Texas

U.S. Highway 83 (US 83), dedicated as the Texas Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway, is a U.S. Highway in the U.S. state of Texas that begins at US 77 (Interstate 69E, I-69E) in Brownsville and follows the Rio Grande to Laredo, then heads north through Abilene to the Oklahoma border north of Perryton, the seat of Ochiltree County. It is the longest highway in Texas at a length of about 895 miles (1,440 km), besting the east–west I-10, which has a length of 879 miles (1,415 km).In the Lower Rio Grande Valley, US 83 is a freeway that is at or close to interstate standards from Brownsville to Penitas. In May 2013, the Texas Department of Transportation applied to the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) to designate this 48-mile (77 km) section as I-2. After the Special Committee on Route Numbering initially disapproved the application, the AASHTO Board of Directors approved the I-2 designation, conditional on the concurrence of the Federal Highway Administration. On May 29, 2013, the segment of US 83 was approved as an I-69 connector using the I-2 designation extending approximately 46 miles (74 km) from Harlingen to west of Mission.

USS King County (LST-857)

USS King County (LST-857) was an LST-542-class tank landing ship built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named after counties in Texas and Washington, she was the only U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name.

USS LST-857 was laid down on 19 September 1944 at Seneca, Illinois by the Chicago Bridge & Iron Company; launched on 6 December 1944, sponsored by Mrs. Beatrice S. Major; and commissioned at New Orleans, Louisiana, on 29 December 1944 with Lieutenant Roy C. Parlier in command.

Wichita River

The Wichita River ( WITCH-i-taw), part of the Red River watershed, lies in north-central Texas. Rising in northeastern Knox County at the confluence of its North and South Forks, the river flows 90 miles (140 km) northeast across Baylor, Archer, Wichita, and Clay counties before joining the Red River just west of Byers Bend in northern Clay County.

The Texan Santa Fe Expedition crossed the river at the site of present-day Wichita Falls in 1841 and found a large Wichita Indian village at the site; the river was later named after the tribe. Today, the largest human settlement on the river is the city of Wichita Falls, which was named after a five-foot waterfall on the river that later washed away in a flood in 1886. The city after nearly 100 years of visitors wanting to visit the non-existent falls built an artificial waterfall beside the river in Lucy Park. The recreated falls are 54 feet (16 m) high and recirculate at 3,500 gallons per minute. They are visible to south-bound traffic on Interstate 44.

The river is dammed in Archer County, forming Lake Diversion, and in Baylor County, forming Lake Kemp; there are also two small reservoirs on the river in Wichita County, one furnishing water for the town of Iowa Park and the other providing water for local irrigation.

The Wichita River has three tributaries; the Wichita proper, as stated above, is formed by the confluence of its North and South Forks. The North Fork runs for 100 miles (160 km) from northeastern Dickens County through King, Cottle, and Foard counties before joining the South Fork. The Middle Fork flows 35 miles (56 km) from north-central King County to its meeting with the North Fork in southwestern Foard County. The South Fork rises in eastern Dickens County and runs for 100 miles (160 km) through King and Knox Counties before joining the North Fork; the King County seat of Guthrie lies on the South Fork.

Places adjacent to King County, Texas
Municipalities and communities of King County, Texas, United States
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