Kim–Xi meetings

Meeting between North Korean chairman Kim Jong-un (left) and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Xi Jinping (right).

Sept. 2018 Inter-Korea Summit Gallery (23) (cropped)
Xi Jinping 2016

Kim–Xi meetings is a series of summits between North Korea and China during the year 2018 and 2019. North Korean supreme leader Kim Jong-un secretly met with Chinese paramount leader Xi Jinping on March 25–28, 2018. Xi made a classified invitation to Kim to visit China, after which Kim visited Beijing used his bullet proof train to travel to the three-day meeting. It is his first known out-of-country diplomatic trip since taking power.[1] Kim and Xi had a second surprise meeting on May 7–8, 2018 in the city of Dalian.[2] Kim and Xi had a third surprise meeting on June 19–20, 2018. Kim and Xi had a fourth surprise meeting on January 7–10, 2019 in Beijing.

First meeting

First meeting
DateMarch 25–28, 2018
LocationZhongnanhai, Beijing, China
ParticipantsChina Xi Jinping (General Secretary)
North Korea Kim Jong-un (Chairman)

The first China–North Korea meeting in 2018 was organized by the invitation from Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (de facto paramount leader). During the meeting between the two heads of state, Kim Jong-un officially invited Xi Jinping to Pyongyang at a time convenient for him, and Xi accepted the invitation.[3] During the confidential summit schedule, Xi presented and explained the list of the presents to Kim, who also prepared several gifts and described their details for Xi.[4] Xi urged Kim to strengthen the strategic and diplomatic future partnership between China and North Korea. Kim stressed to Xi that North Korea and China are long-established socialist countries and that there are many ways to cooperate in various aspects in the future.[5]


Regarding North Korea nuclear weapons crisis with a diplomatic solution and Beijing's issue with US trade war, the two leaders meeting might be substantial leverage for answering to a puzzle of resolution to both two long-lasting socialist countries.[6]

As regards Chinese state news agency, Xinhua, quoted Kim's statement "The issue of denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula is resolved, and South Korea and the United States respond to our efforts with goodwill, create an atmosphere of peace and stability while taking progressive and synchronous measures for the realization of peace. " President Trump’s new national security advisor: John Bolton would not adopt the unreasonable solution - examples: sheer costs for North Korea's denuclearization (e.g., withdrawal of U.S. troops from the Korean peninsula or mutual denuclearization for both the DPRK and United States) after Kim-Xi summit.[7]

Second meeting

Second meeting
DateMay 7–8, 2018
LocationDalian, Liaoning, China
ParticipantsChina Xi Jinping (General Secretary)
North Korea Kim Jong-un (Chairman)

Kim Jong-un met Xi Jinping for the second time in Dalian, Liaoning on May 7–8, 2018.[8] The two leaders discussed how to cooperate at the communist level on denuclearization, and peace on the Korean peninsula. They also discussed China–DPRK relations and significant issues of common concern, Xinhua reported. U.S. President Trump emphasized that China should cooperate with the U.S.'s continued implementation of economic sanctions, with commercial and financial penalties on North Korea until it permanently dismantles its nuclear weapons and ICBM missile programs. This is the second time China's paramount leader Xi Jinping has met Kim Jong-un in two months, and Xi Jinping reaffirmed his state visit to Pyongyang by the end of 2018.[9]

Third meeting

Third meeting
DateJune 19–20, 2018
LocationZhongnanhai, Beijing, China
ParticipantsChina Xi Jinping (General Secretary)
North Korea Kim Jong-un (Chairman)

Kim Jong-un met with Xi Jinping in Beijing on June 19th, and 20th, 2018.[10][11] Kim was speculated to have sought advice from Xi about a future, mutually beneficial negotiation strategy between the DPRK and United States. [12]

Fourth meeting

Fourth meeting
DateJanuary 7–10, 2019
LocationZhongnanhai, Beijing, China
ParticipantsChina Xi Jinping (General Secretary)
North Korea Kim Jong-un (Chairman)

Kim Jong-un met with Xi Jinping in Beijing on January 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th, 2019.[13] The trip began on Kim's 35th birthday. It is suspected by many that Kim Jong-un was briefing Xi Jinping on the upcoming Trump-Kim summit in Hanoi, Vietnam and seeking advice. Kim was expected to transit China via train during the journey to Vietnam, and did.

See also


  1. ^ Park, Yuna; Campbell, Joseph (17 March 2018). "Now North Korean diplomat heads to Finland amid new diplomatic flurry".
  2. ^ Jiang, Steven; Westcott, Ben; Han, Sol (9 May 2018). "Kim Jong Un meets with Xi Jinping in northern China". CNN. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  3. ^ Huang, Cary (3 April 2018). "Kim Jong-un and Xi Jinping take centre stage in diplomatic drama on the Korean peninsula". Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Kim Jong Un's visit to China - Korean Central TV documentary". YouTube (Online video). Korean Central TV documentary. 29 March 2018. 9′21″. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Kim Jong Un's visit to China [English][North Korean TV]". YouTube (Online video). stimmekoreas. 29 March 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Kim's visit to China: you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours". Hong Kong Economic Journal. 29 March 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  7. ^ Aum, Frank (28 March 2018). "North Korea-China Summit: The 'Strategic Choice' by Both Sides- Frank Aum: Xi Jinping and Kim Jong-Un Meet to Seek Leverage with the United States". Hong Kong Economic Journal on March 29. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  8. ^ 金, 佳绪 (10 May 2018). "40多天两度会晤,习近平同金正恩谈了哪些大事" [Two meetings in more than 40 days, Xi Jinping discussed what important issues with Kim Jong-un] (in Chinese). Xinhuanet. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  9. ^ Jiang, Steven; Westcott, Ben (8 May 2018). "Kim Jong Un holds second meeting with Xi Jinping in China". Archived from the original on 8 May 2018.
  10. ^ "朝鲜领导人金正恩6月19日至20日对中国进行访问" [North Korean leader Kim Jong-un visited China from June 19th to 20th] (in Chinese). 19 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  11. ^ 李, 忠发 (19 June 2018). "习近平举行仪式欢迎金正恩访华" [Xi Jinping holds ceremony welcoming Kim Jong-un to China] (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  12. ^ Lu, Zhenhua; Lee, Jeong-ho (19 June 2018). "North Korea's Kim Jong-un in China for two-day trip 'to brief Xi Jinping on Donald Trump summit'". Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  13. ^
2018 North Korea–United States Singapore Summit

The 2018 North Korea–United States Singapore Summit, commonly known as Singapore Summit, was a summit meeting between North Korean Chairman Kim Jong-un and U.S. President Donald Trump, held at the Capella Hotel, Sentosa, Singapore. This was the first-ever meeting between leaders of North Korea and the United States. They signed a joint statement, agreeing to security guarantees for North Korea, new peaceful relations, the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, recovery of soldiers' remains, and follow-up negotiations between high-level officials. Both leaders also met separately with Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong.

Immediately following the summit, President Trump announced that the U.S.military would discontinue "provocative" joint military exercises with South Korea, and stated that he wished to bring the U.S. soldiers back home at some point, but he reinforced that it was not part of the Singapore equation. On August 1, 2018, the U.S. Senate passed the military budget bill for 2019, forbidding funding the reduction of active USFK personnel below 22,000; significant removal of US forces is considered a non-negotiable item in denuclearization talks with the North.After a period of heightened conflict that included North Korea successfully testing what it claims was its first hydrogen bomb and the Hwasong-15 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) in late 2017, tensions began to de-escalate after Kim Jong-un announced his desire to send athletes to the 2018 Winter Olympics being held in South Korea. During the games, Kim proposed talks with South Korea to plan an inter-Korean summit. On March 8, the South Korean delegation returned from the talks and traveled to the United States to deliver an invitation by Kim Jong-un to Donald Trump for a meeting. High-level exchanges between the two sides then took place, including a visit by then-CIA Director Mike Pompeo to Pyongyang and a visit by Kim Yong-chol, Vice Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, to the White House. Both sides threatened to cancel the summit after a round of joint military exercises by the U.S. and South Korea, with Trump even delivering a formal letter to Kim to call off the meeting; however, the two sides eventually agreed to meet.

A second meeting was held between Trump and Kim in February 2019 in Hanoi, Vietnam.

2018 in North Korea

2018 in North Korea was marked by attempts by the government to develop its international relationships, particularly in regards to South Korea. In February, North Korean athletes marched alongside their South Korean counterparts under the Korean Unification Flag at the 2018 Seoul Olympic Games. North Korea’s Kim Jong-Un met with South Korea’s Moon Jae-in three times during the year. Kim also travelled to Beijing to meet with China’s Xi Jinping, and to Singapore for talks with USA's Donald Trump.

2019 North Korea–United States Hanoi Summit

The 2019 North Korea–United States Hanoi Summit, commonly known as the Hanoi Summit, was a two-day summit meeting between North Korean Chairman Kim Jong-un and U.S. President Donald Trump, held at the Metropole Hotel in Hanoi, Vietnam, on February 27–28, 2019. This was the second meeting between the leaders of the DPRK and the United States, following the first meeting in June 2018 in Singapore.

On February 28, 2019, the White House announced that the summit was cut short and that no agreement was reached. Trump later elaborated that it was because North Korea wanted an end to all sanctions. North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong-ho asserted that the country only sought a partial lifting of five United Nations sanctions placed on North Korea between 2016 and 2017.

2019 inter-Korean summit

The 2019 inter-Korean summit is an upcoming inter-Korean summit that will be held in the capital of South Korea, Seoul. It will be held with the participation of South Korean President Moon Jae-in and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. If it happens, it will be the first time a North Korean leader steps foot into the South Korean capital since the 1950–1953 Korean War.

April 2018 inter-Korean summit

The April 2018 inter-Korean summit took place on 27 April 2018 on the South Korean side of the Joint Security Area, between Moon Jae-in, President of South Korea, and Kim Jong-un, Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, and Supreme Leader of North Korea. The summit was the third inter-Korean summit – and the first in eleven years. It was also the first time since the end of the Korean War in 1953 that a North Korean leader entered the South's territory; President Moon also briefly crossed into the North's territory.The summit took place after the two sides held several meetings in preparation for the joint attendance at the 2018 Winter Olympics. The idea initially was brought forward through an official invitation from the North to conduct a meeting. The summit was focused on the North Korean nuclear weapons program and denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. The Panmunjom Declaration was made following the summit.

China–North Korea relations

China–North Korea relations (Chinese: 中朝关系, zhōngcháo guānxi Korean: 조중 관계, chojung kwangye) are bilateral between China and North Korea.

China maintains an embassy in the North Korean capital of Pyongyang and a consulate general in Chongjin. The Embassy of North Korea in China is located in Beijing's Chaoyang District, while a consulate general is in Shenyang.

China and North Korea have, in the past, enjoyed close diplomatic relations. However, China–North Korea relations have declined markedly over the past few years until 2018. Since 2018, ties between North Korea and China also appear to have improved and returned to normalcy, with Korean Workers' Party chairman Kim Jong-un making multiple trips to Beijing to meet Chinese Communist Party general secretary Xi Jinping. In the past, decline in China–North Korea relations is primarily due to growing concern in China over issues such as North Korea's impoundment of Chinese fishing boats and more importantly its nuclear weapons program.Favorable views of North Korea among Chinese people appear to be receding as well. According to a 2014 BBC World Service Poll, 20% of Chinese people view North Korea's influence positively, with 46% expressing a negative view.

Kim Jong-un

Kim Jong-un (officially transcribed Kim Jong Un; Hangul: 김정은; Korean pronunciation: [kim.dzɔŋ.ɯn]; born 8 January 1983) is a North Korean politician. He has been Supreme Leader of North Korea since 2011 and Chairman (previously called first secretary) of the Workers' Party of Korea since 2012. Kim is the second child of Kim Jong-il (1941–2011), the country's second leader from 1994 to 2011, and Ko Yong-hui (1952–2004). He is the grandson of Kim Il-sung, who was the founder and first leader of North Korea from 1948 to 1994. Kim is the first North Korean leader who was born after the country's founding.From late 2010, Kim Jong-un was viewed as heir apparent to the leadership of the DPRK, and following the elder Kim's death, North Korean state television announced him as the "Great Successor". Kim holds the titles of Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea (as First Secretary between 2012 and 2016), Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Chairman of the State Affairs Commission, Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and member of the Presidium of the Politburo of the Workers' Party of Korea, the highest decision-making body in North Korea. Kim was promoted to the rank of Marshal of North Korea in the Korean People's Army on 18 July 2012, consolidating his position as the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. North Korean state media often refers to him as Marshal Kim Jong-un, "the Marshal" or "Dear Respected."On 12 December 2013, Kim Jong-un ordered the execution of his uncle Jang Song-thaek for "treachery". Kim is widely believed to have ordered the assassination of his half-brother, Kim Jong-nam, in Malaysia in February 2017.In 2018 Kim Jong-un and President of South Korea Moon Jae-in met twice in Panmunjom on the border between North and South, and once in Pyongyang. On 12 June 2018, Kim Jong-un and US President Donald Trump met for a summit in Singapore, the first-ever talks held between a North Korean leader and a sitting US President, to discuss the North Korean nuclear program. A follow-up meeting in Hanoi in February 2019 ended abruptly without an agreement.

On 25 April 2019, Kim Jong Un and the President of Russia Vladimir Putin held their first summit in Vladivostok, Russia.

Kim–Putin meetings

Kim–Putin meetings is a series of summits between North Korea and Russia during the year 2019. North Korean Chairman Kim Jong-un met with Russian President Vladimir Putin on 25 April 2019.

List of international trips made by Kim Jong-un

The following is a list of international trips made by Kim Jong-un during his tenure as Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, Chairman of the State Affairs Commission and Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea. He has made eight foreign trips to five countries since he took office as Supreme Leader of North Korea in 2011. His first international state visit was to China in March 2018.

The number of visits per country where he traveled are:

Four visits to China

One visit to Singapore, South Korea, Vietnam and Russia

May 2018 inter-Korean summit

The May 2018 inter-Korean summit was the second inter-Korean summit in 2018.

On 26 May, Kim and Moon met again in the Joint Security Area, this time on the North Korean side in the Inter-Korean Peace House in the Unification Pavilion. The meeting took two hours, and unlike other summits it had not been publicly announced beforehand. Photos released by South Korea's presidential office showed Moon arriving at the northern side of the Panmunjom truce village and shaking hands with Kim's sister, Kim Yo-jong, before sitting down with Kim for their summit. Moon was accompanied by his spy chief, Suh Hoon, while Kim was joined by Kim Yong-chol, a former military intelligence chief who is now a vice chairman of the North Korean ruling party's central committee tasked with inter-Korean relations. The meeting was largely centered around North Korean leader Kim Jong Un's upcoming summit with US President Donald Trump. Kim and Moon also embraced before Moon returned to South Korea. On 27 May, Moon stated in a public address that he and Kim agreed to meet again at "anytime and anyplace" without any formality and that the North Korean leader once again pledged to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula in accordance with the Panmunjom Declaration.

September 2018 inter-Korean summit

The September 2018 inter-Korean summit was the third inter-Korean summit in 2018.

On 13 August, the Blue House announced that South Korea's President plans to attend the third inter-Korean summit with leader Kim Jong-un at Pyongyang in September as expected. The agenda was finding the strategy of the breakthrough in its hampered talks with the United States and solution for the denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula. It was held for three days between 18 September and 20 September.

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