Khutor

A khutor (Russian: ху́тор, IPA: [ˈxutər]) or khutir (Ukrainian: ху́тiр, khutir, pl. ху́тори, khutory) is a type of rural locality in some countries of Eastern Europe; in the past the term mostly referred to a single-homestead settlement.[1][2] The term can be translated as "hamlet".[3][4]

They existed in Cossack-settled lands that encompassed today's Ukraine, Kuban, and the lower Don river basin while in Kuban and Don region the word khutor was also used to describe new settlements (irrespective of the number of homesteads) which had detached themselves from stanitsas.[5] In some Cossack communities, these types of settlements were referred to as posyólok or sélyshche. In Russia the term "выселки" (vyselki, literally, "those who moved away") was also used. Khutor remains the official designation of many Russian villages in these regions.

During the Stolypin reforms in the Russian empire, Peter Stolypin envisaged rich peasants "privatising" their share of the community (obshchina or tovarystvo) lands, leaving the obshchinas, and settling in khutors on their now individually owned land. A less radical concept was that of an otrub (отруб) or vidrub: a section of formerly obshchina land, whose owner has left the obshchina but still continued to live in the village and to "commute" to his land.[6] By 1910 the share of khutors and otrubs among all rural households in the European part of Russia was estimated at 10.5%. These were practically eliminated during the collectivisation in the USSR.[1]

In literature

Nikolai Gogol's first major work is called Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka, where 'farm' is a translation of 'khutor' (Russian: Вечера на хуторе близ Диканьки, Vechera na khutore bliz Dikan'ki).

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Khutor from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  2. ^ Khutor from the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  3. ^ Українсько-англійський переклад «хутір» - ABBYY Lingvo-Online
  4. ^ Російсько-англійський переклад «хутор» - ABBYY Lingvo-Online
  5. ^ Khutir at the Encyclopedia of Ukraine
  6. ^ Otrub from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
Alabaşlı

Alabaşlı (also, Khutor Alabashly) is a village and municipality in the Samukh Rayon of Azerbaijan. It has a population of 1,265.

Alpine skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics

Alpine skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics was held in Russia from 9–22 February at Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort near Krasnaya Polyana, east of Sochi.

Alpine skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics – Men's downhill

The men's downhill competition of the 2014 Winter Olympics was held at Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort near Krasnaya Polyana, Russia, on 9 February at 11:15 MSK. The race course was longer than average at 3.495 km (2.17 mi), with a vertical drop of 1,075 m (3,527 ft).

Alpine skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics – Men's giant slalom

The men's giant slalom competition of the Sochi 2014 Olympics was held at the Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort near Krasnaya Polyana, Russia, on 19 February.

Alpine skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics – Women's combined

The women's combined competition of the Sochi 2014 Olympics was held at the Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort near Krasnaya Polyana, Russia, on 10 February at 11:00 MSK for the downhill and at 15:00 MSK for the slalom. Maria Höfl-Riesch won the gold medal.

Alpine skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics – Women's downhill

The women's downhill competition of the Sochi 2014 Olympics was held at the Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort near Krasnaya Polyana, Russia, on Wednesday, 12 February. The race was won by Tina Maze of Slovenia and Dominique Gisin of Switzerland, who posted the same time. Lara Gut, also of Switzerland, was a tenth of a second back and took the bronze medal.

Alpine skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics – Women's slalom

The women's slalom competition of the Sochi 2014 Olympics was held at the Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort near Krasnaya Polyana, Russia, on 21 February.

Alpine skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics – Women's super-G

The women's super-G competition of the Sochi 2014 Olympics was held at the Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort near Krasnaya Polyana, Russia, on Saturday, 15 February. Anna Fenninger from Austria won the race, getting her first Olympic medal. Maria Höfl-Riesch of Germany won the silver medal, and Nicole Hosp of Austria finished third. Of the 2010 medalists, only Tina Maze participated and finished fifth.

Blijnii Hutor

Blijnii Hutor (Ukrainian: Ближній Хутір, romanized: Blyzhniy Khutir, Russian: Ближний Хутор, romanized: Blizhniy Khutor) is a village in the Slobozia District of Transnistria, Moldova. It is currently under the administration of the breakaway government of the Transnistrian Moldovan Republic.

Freestyle skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics

Freestyle skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics was held at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park near Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. The ten events took place between 6–21 February 2014.In April 2011 the International Olympic Committee approved the addition of the halfpipe event for both, men and women. In July 2011, slopestyle was also added to the program, therefore a total of four new events were added to the freestyle skiing program.

Giaginsky District

Giaginsky District (Russian: Гиаги́нский райо́н; Adyghe: Джэджэ къедзыгъо) is an administrative and a municipal district (raion), one of the seven in the Republic of Adygea, Russia. It is located in the northern central portion of the republic and borders with Shovgenovsky District in the north, Koshekhablsky District in the east and northeast, Mostovsky District of Krasnodar Krai in the southeast, Maykopsky District in the south, and with Belorechensky District of Krasnodar Krai in the west. The area of the district is 756.54 square kilometers (292.10 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality (a stanitsa) of Giaginskaya. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 31,766, with the population of Giaginskaya accounting for 44.5% of that number.

Krasnı Xutor

Krasnı Xutor (also, Krasnyy Khutor) is a village in the Khachmaz Rayon of Azerbaijan. The village forms part of the municipality of Yataqoba.

Maykopsky District

Maykopsky District (Russian: Майко́пский райо́н; Adyghe: Мыекъуапэ къедзыгъо) is an administrative and a municipal district (raion), one of the seven in the Republic of Adygea, Russia. It is located in the south of the republic and borders with Giaginsky District in the north, Mostovsky District of Krasnodar Krai in the east, the territory of the City of Sochi in Krasnodar Krai in the south, Apsheronsky District of Krasnodar Krai in the west and southwest, and with Belorechensky District of Krasnodar Krai in the northwest. The area of the district is 3,667.43 square kilometers (1,416.00 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality (a settlement) of Tulsky. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 58,439, with the population of Tulsky accounting for 18.4% of that number.

Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort

The Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort (Russian: Ро́за Ху́тор, tr. Roza Khutor, IPA: [ˈrozə ˈxutər]) is an alpine ski resort in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located at the Aibga Ridge of the Western Caucasus along the Roza Khutor plateau near Krasnaya Polyana. Constructed from 2003 to 2011, it hosted the alpine skiing events for the 2014 Winter Olympics and Paralympics, based in nearby Sochi. The resort is 50 kilometers (30 mi) east of the Black Sea at Sochi; the majority of the slopes at Rosa Khutor face northeast, with the backside slopes facing southwest.

Rosa Khutor Extreme Park

The Rosa Khutor Extreme Park (Russian: Роза Хутор) under license from The Extreme Sports Company and part of the Extreme Hotel, Sochi development, is a skiing venue located west of the Rosa Khutor plateau in Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. During the 2014 Winter Olympics in neighboring Sochi, it hosted the freestyle skiing events and the snowboarding events.Seating 4,000 in the freestyle skiing area and 6,250 in the snowboarding areas, it was first used in September 2012.

Roza Khutor railway station

Roza Khutor, formerly Krasnaya Polyana (Russian: Роза Хутор) is a railway station in Estosadok, Krasnaya Polyana, Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia. This is the terminal station of the railway line which branches off at Adler railway station and was constructed to accommodate the visitors for the 2014 Winter Olympics. The construction started in spring 2010 by NGO Mostovik. The station was open in 2013 as Krasnaya Polyana. In late 2014, it was renamed to Roza Khutor.

Shovgenovsky District

Shovgenovsky District (Russian: Шовге́новский райо́н; Adyghe: Шэуджэн къедзыгъо) is an administrative and a municipal district (raion), one of the seven in the Republic of Adygea, Russia. It is located in the central northern portion of the republic and borders with Ust-Labinsky District of Krasnodar Krai in the north, Kurganinsky District of Krasnodar Krai in the north and northeast, Koshekhablsky District in the east and southeast, Giaginsky District in the south, Belorechensky District of Krasnodar Krai in the southwest, and with Krasnogvardeysky District in the west. The area of the district is 521.43 square kilometers (201.33 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality (an aul) of Khakurinokhabl. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 16,997, with the population of Khakurinokhabl accounting for 23.8% of that number.

Snowboarding at the 2014 Winter Olympics

Snowboarding at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi was held at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park. The events were held between 6 and 22 February 2014. A total of ten snowboarding events were held at Sochi 2014 which include parallel giant slalom, snowboard cross, half-pipe, and the new events of parallel slalom and slopestyle.A crash in practice from Norwegian slopestyle snowboarder Torstein Horgmo, who fractured his collarbone, and complaints from other athletes that some jumps were too steep prompted organisers to modify the slopestyle course in the week before the Games.

Venues of the 2014 Winter Olympics and Paralympics

The 2014 Winter Olympics and Paralympics venues are divided between two "clusters" located in and around Sochi, Russia.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.