Khandwa

Khandwa is a city and a nagar nigam in the Nimar region of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Khandwa District, formerly known as East Nimar District.

Khandwa is an ancient city, with many places of worship, like many other cities in India. Most temples are Hindu or Jain. During the 12th century CE, it was a centre of Jainism. During British rule, it replaced nearby Burhanpur (now a separate district) as the main commercial centre of the west Nimaad region.

Khandwa is a major railway junction; the Malwa line connecting Indore with the Deccan meets the main east–west line from Mumbai to Kolkata.[3]

Khandwa

East Nimar
City
Khandwa is located in Madhya Pradesh
Khandwa
Khandwa
Khandwa is located in India
Khandwa
Khandwa
Coordinates: 21°49′N 76°21′E / 21.82°N 76.35°ECoordinates: 21°49′N 76°21′E / 21.82°N 76.35°E
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictNimar
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyKhandwa Municipal Corporation
 • MayorSubhash Kothari
Bhawna Shah (BJP)
Elevation
309 m (1,014 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total200,738
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, English, Nimadi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
450001
Telephone code+91 - 733
Vehicle registrationMP-12-XXXX
Websitewww.khandwa.nic.in

Location

Khandwa has a major railway junction located on the Jabalpur-Bhusaval section of Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line, one of India's most heavily used railway lines, with daily connections to Mumbai, Pune, Delhi, Goa, Cochin, Kolkata, Indore, Bhopal, Patna, Allahabad, Lucknow, Jammu, Hyderabad, and Bangalore. It also has an airstrip which is rarely used for occasional aircraft landings, located on Nagchun Road.

Fame

Tourist Complex, Hanuwantiya, Madhya Pradesh Tourism (5)
Hanuwantiya tourist complex

Khandwa is famous for its local crops of cotton, wheat (Khandwa2), soybean, and a variety of seasonal fruits and vegetables. Its wheat variety Khandwa2 is famous nationwide for its aroma, colour and quality. Legendary actor/singer Kishore Kumar was born in Khandwa. Earlier Khandwa was the only city in Central India which cultivates cannabis (ganja).

Khandwa is known for its four Kunds located in four directions of the city, called Padam Kund, Bheem Kund, Suraj Kund and Rameshwar Kund. The famous tourist places of Khandwa are Dada Darbar khandwa,[4] Nagchun Talab and Hanumantiya Island, a new place for adventurous water sports in the back waters of Indira Sagar Dam. The town recently got fame due to the 2016 Hollywood movie Lion, which was based on the extraordinary search for his birth family by Khandwa born Saroo Brierley, who got lost as a child and ended up in Australia after being adopted.

Industries

A hydro power project called Indira Sagar Pariyojna is located close to Khandwa. Nepa paper mills, Mansingka oil mills, and Nimar textiles are a few well known names in industry located in the city.

History

The name of the city is derived from "Khandav Van", which literally means Khandav Forests.

Ancient history

Recent explorations in the beds/tributaries of Narmada have revealed traces of the Paleolithic men in East Nimar district. Omkar Mandhata, a rocky island on the bank of Narmada river, about 47 miles north-west of Khandwa, is said to have been conquered by the Haihaya king Mahishmant, who had named the same as Mahishmati.[5]

During the rise of Buddhism, the East Nimar region was included in Avanti Kingdom under Chand Pradyota Mahesana, which was later added to the growing empire of Magadha by Shishunaga. From the early 2nd century BC to late 15th century AD, the Nimar Region (earlier a part of Khandesh) underwent the ruling of many emperors from many dynasties, which include Mauryas, Shungas, Early Satvahanas, Kardamakas, Abhiras (Ahir Gavli),[6] Vakatakas, Imperial Guptas, Kalchuris,[7] Vardhanas (of Harsha Vardhana fame), Chalukyas, Kanungos, Rashtrakutas, Paramaras, Faruki Dynasty[8] etc.

Medieval history

Khandwa has no remarkable history but the nearby Burhanpur has an interesting past from the Mughal period.

Shahjahan's operation

Prince Khurram was nominated as the Governor of the Deccan in 1617 AD, by Jahangir to succeed Prince Parviz, and was bestowed the title of Shah by Jahangir. Khurram led the Mughal army to a peaceful victory by which Jahangir was pleased with his success & conferred him the title of Shah Jahan on 12 October 1617 AD. After the death of Jahangir in 1627, Shah Jahan ascended the throne of Mughal empire. Due to troubled conditions in the Deccan, When Shah Jahan travelled to Balapur fort, Burhanpur, mother of Mirza Azam and elder daughter of Shahzada Badi uz-Zaman Mirza, alias Shah Nawaz Khan of the Safawi dynasty Dilrus Banu, wife of Auranzeb along with Mumtaz and cousin/brother Shah Beg Khan along with military personnel stayed three nights near Argaon at Hiwarkhed, before the birth of their fourteenth child.He reached Burhanpur (Deccan) on 1 March 1630, where he stayed for the following two years, conducting operations against Bijapur, Ahmadnagar, and Golkunda. On 7 June 1631, Shah Jahan lost his beloved & favourite wife Mumtaz Mahall at Burhanpur, and her body was buried at first in the Garden of Zainabad, across the river Tapti. Early in December of the same year (1631 AD), the remains of her body were sent to Agra. Later on 6 March 1632, Shah Jahan left Burhanpur for the north, after appointing Mahabat Khan as the viceroy of the Deccan.

Modern history

From the mid-16th century to the early 18th century, the Nimar region (including East Nimar), was under the rule or influence of Aurangzeb, Bahadur Shah (Mughals), the Peshwas, Sindhia, Bawaniya, Holkar and Pawar (Marathas), Pindaris etc. Later from early part of the mid-18th century, the management of the Nimar region came under the British.

The East Nimar district did not remain unaffected by the Great Uprising of 1857, which swept the country, against the British rule. In connection with the so-called Riots of 1857, Tatya Tope had gone through the region of East Nimar district, and Khandwa and before marching out of the district, burnt the police stations and Government buildings at Khandwa, Piplod and a number of other places and escaped again to central India by way of Khargone.

The East Nimar district was greatly affected with the beginning of freedom movement, Non-Co-operation movement, Civil Disobedience movement, Quit India Movement etc., to obtain the independence of India, from late 18th century until 15 August 1947. During this time Khandwa was visited by Swami Dayanad Saraswati of Arya Samaj fame, Swami Vivekanand, the great monk and founder of Ramkrishna Mission, Mahatma Gandhi in 1921, Lokmanya Tilak, and others. Gandhiji visited Khandwa on 21 May 1921. At that time people of Nimar District gave a "Manpatar" to Gandhiji,

Young Nationalists of the district, like Haridas Chatterjee, Makhanlal Chaturvedi, Thakur Laxman Singh (of Burhanpur District), Abdul Quadir Siddique attended the Calcutta Session of Congress in 1917. Tilak visited the district during his whirlwind tour of the central province in 1918. The district took part in the non-co-operation movement. Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930 has also been participated by many people of the district. The Karmavir weekly was seized and its editor, Makhanlal Chaturvedi was sentenced to two years. Editor of Swarajya S. M. Agarkar was also arrested and imprisoned. Nav Jawan Sabha was established at Khandwa in 1931. Students also participated in this movement. They removed Union Flags from high school building and hoisted the tricolor. In this connection Raichand Bhai Nagda was fined and imprisoned.

The District also contributes to the Quit India Movement. The District Political Conference, held at Harsud sometime before August, 1942, had alerted the people of impending struggle. The students of Robertson High School, Burhanpur (now a new district, but formerly part of Khandwa District) hoisted the tricolor on the school building on 15 August. But it was removed by the police. The students organized the processions against this act of police until their demands of hoisting the tricolor and pasting of photographs of national leaders were met. Many monuments can be seen in Khandwa which were made during the British Raj, like local nagar nigam– building and girls' degree colleges.

Notable natives and residents

Geography

Khandwa is located at 21°50′N 76°20′E / 21.83°N 76.33°E.[9] It has an average elevation of 313 metres (1026 feet).

Interesting places

  • The place has four historic kunds in its four direction namely Suraj kunda, Padma kund, Bhima kunda and Rameshwar kund.[10]
  • Ancient Turja Bhavani Temple, Dada Dhuni wale ki samadhi, and modern Nav-chandi Devi Dham are the places of faith and worship of Hindus.
  • The buildings of Collector office, Girls Degree College, Ghantaghar are among the old monuments.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[11] Khandwa had a population of 171,986. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Khandwa has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 66%. In Khandwa, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

See also

References

  • "Khndawa Inter College".
  • "BJP leader to release new campion".
  1. ^ "Khandwa City Population - Khandwa (East Nimar), Madhya Pradesh". Census India. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Area of Khandwa census 2011". khandwa.nic.in. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  3. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Khandwa" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 771.
  4. ^ http://www.shridadadarbar.org.in/
  5. ^ Subodh Kapoor (2002). Encyclopaedia of Ancient Indian Geography, Volume 2. Genesis Publishing Pvt Ltd. p. 435. ISBN 9788177552997.
  6. ^ B.H. Mehta (1984). Gonds of the Central Indian Highlands Vol II. Concept Publishing Company. p. 569.
  7. ^ "Kalachuris of Mahismati". CoinIndia. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
  8. ^ Charles Eckford Luard, Ram Prasad Dube (1908). Indore State Gazetteer. Superintendent government printing, India, Original from University of Minnesota. p. 221.
  9. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Khandwa, India". fallingrain.com.
  10. ^ http://www.khandwa.nic.in/tourism.htm
  11. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
Ajanti railway station

Ajanti railway station is a small railway station in Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh. Its code is ANI. It serves Ajanti village. The station consists of a single platform. The platform is not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation. In 2015, gauge conversation started on this line. After conversion it will connect Indore to South India.

Akola–Ratlam line

The Akola–Ratlam rail line is a railway line in India linking Akola in Maharashtra with Ratlam in Madhya Pradesh.

Bhagwantrao Mandloi

Bhagwantrao Mandloi (15 December 1892 - 3 November 1977), an Indian National Congress politician was a former Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh. He was born in Khandwa. He was a recipient of the civilian honour of Padma Bhushan.He was twice the chief minister of the state from 1 January 1957 to 30 January 1957 and 12 March 1962 to 29 September 1963.He represented Khandwa Vidhan Sabha constituency of undivided Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly by winning General election of 1957.

Bhusawal railway division

Bhusawal railway division is one of the five railway division of Central Railway (India) Zone of Indian Railways located at Bhusawal in Jalgaon district of Maharashtra state in western India. The other railway divisions are Mumbai CSTM, Nagpur, Solapur and Pune. There are 115 railway stations in Bhusawal railway division.

Bir railway station

Bir railway station is a small railway station in Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh. Its code is BIR. It serves Bir village. The station consists of two platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

Chhanera

Chhanera is a town and municipality in Khandwa district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The town was established for residents of Harsud displaced when it was submerged under the waters of the Indira Sagar dam in July 2004.

Khaigaon railway station

Khaigaon railway station is a small railway station in Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh. Its code is KHA. It serves Khaigaon village. The station consists of two platforms, not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

Khandwa (Lok Sabha constituency)

Khandwa Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: खंडवा लोक सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 29 Lok Sabha constituencies in Madhya Pradesh state in central India. This constituency came into existence in 1957. It covers the entire Burhanpur district and parts of Dewas, Khandwa and Khargone districts.

Khandwa Junction railway station

Khandwa Junction is on the Jabalpur-Bhusaval section of Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. It lies in Khandwa district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Khandwa district

The Khandwa district (Hindi: खंडवा जिला), formerly known as the East Nimar district, is a district of the Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The city of Khandwa is the administrative headquarters of the district. Other notable towns in the district include Mundi, Harsud, Pandhana and Omkareshwar.

Kotla Kheri railway station

Kotla Kheri railway station is a small railway station in Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh. Its code is KTKH. It serves Kotla Kheri village. The station consists of a single platform, not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation. Recently gauge conversation started on this line. After conversion it will connect Indore to South India.

Kushabhau Thakre

Kushabhau Thakre (15 August 1922 - 28 December 2003) was an Indian politician belonging to Bharatiya Janata Party and Member of parliament.

Mundi

Mundi is a City in the Khandwa district of Nimar region the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.It is situated in North Side of East Nimar District.

Mundi is an ancient city, with many places of worship, like many other cities in India. Most temples are Hindu or JainStatues.The city is over a thousand years old and is surrounded by a forest in the Narmada river valley. It is 120 km (75 mi) from Indore, the commercial capital of the state.

Nimar

Nimar is the southwestern region of Madhya Pradesh state in west-central India.This region also having sub-regions like nimad, khandya, bhuwana.

The region lies south of the Vindhya Range, and consists of two portions of the Narmada and Tapti river valleys, separated by a section of the Satpura Range, about 15 miles (24 km) in breadth. On the highest peak, about 800 ft (244 m) above the plain and 1800 ft (549 m) above sea-level, stands the fortress of Asirgarh, commanding a pass which has for centuries been the chief highway between Upper India and the Deccan.The Nimar region is home to the Nimadi language, which is related to the Malvi language of Malwa as well as the other Rajasthani languages.

Nimar formed a district of British India, in the Nerbudda Division of the Central Provinces. The administrative headquarters were at Khandwa; but the capital in Muslim times was Burhanpur. Area, 4273 mi² (11,067 km²), population (1901) 329,615. The staple crops were cotton and millet; ganja or Indian hemp was also allowed to be grown under government supervision. The Great Indian Peninsula railway ran through the district, and a branch of the Rajputana line from Indore joined it at Khandwa. There were factories for ginning and pressing cotton at Khandwa, and manufacture of gold-embroidered cloth at Burhanpur. The district contained extensive forests, and the government preserved a section known is the Punasa forest, which extended for about 120 miles (190 km) along the south bank of the Narmada, home to forests of teak (Tectona grandis), sain (Terminalia tomentosa) and anjan (Hardwickia binata) trees.Nimar was also a district in the princely state of Indore lying west of the British district on both banks of the Narmada. Area, 3871 mile² (10,026 km²); pop. (1901) 257,110. From 1823 onwards this tract, then belonging to Sindhia rulers of Gwalior, was under British management; in 1861 it was ceded in full sovereignty to the British, but in 1867 it passed to Holkar rulers of Indore as the result of an exchange of territory.After Indian independence in 1947, The former British district became the Nimar District of the new state of Madhya Pradesh, with its administrative seat at Khandwa; the Nimar District of Indore state became the Nimar district of the new state of Madhya Bharat, with its administrative seat at Khargone. When Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956, The former Madhya Bharat district became West Nimar District, while the eastern district became East Nimar District. West Nimar district was split into the districts of Barwani and Khargone on 24 May 1998 and similarly East Nimar district was split into the districts of Khandwa and Burhanpur on 15 August 2003.

Omkareshwar

Omkareshwar (IAST: Ōṃkārēśvar) is a Hindu temple dedicated to God Shiva. It is one of the 12 revered Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. It is on an island called Mandhata or Shivapuri in the Narmada river; the shape of the island is said to be like the Hindu ॐ symbol.

There are two main temples of Lord Shiva here, one to Omkareshwar (whose name means "Lord of Omkaara or the Lord of the Om Sound") located in the island and one to Amareshwar (whose name means "Immortal lord" or "lord of the Immortals or Devas") located on the south bank of Narmada River on the mainland. As per the sloka on dwadash jyotirligam, Mamleshwar the other name of Amareshwar is the jyotirling, nonetheless, many consider both Omkareshwar and Mamleshwar equally sacred and representative of jyotirling at this sacred place.

Omkareshwar Road railway station

Omkareshwar Road railway station is a small railway station in Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh. Its code is OM. It serves Omkareshwar town. The station consists of two platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation. The station is situated on the 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) meter gauge Akola–Ratlam rail line, which is the under Gauge conversion. Once finished will provide vital connectivity between Indore with Southern Indian states.

Pandhana

Pandhana is a Town and a nagar parishad in Khandwa district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Sanawad railway station

Sanawad railway station is a small railway station in Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh. Its code is SWD. It serves Sanawad town. The station consists of two platforms, neither well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation. The station is situated on the 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) meter gauge Akola–Ratlam rail line, which is the under gauge conversion. Gauge conversion between Choral to Indore is not possible due to tricky ghat section of Vindhyachal ranges.

Surgaon Banjari railway station

Surgaon Banjari railway station is a small railway station in Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh. Its code is SGBJ. It serves Surgaon Banjari village. The station consists of two platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

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