Khandala

For the town in the Satara district, see Khandala, Satara
Khandala
Hill station
Mumbai-Pune Expressway from Rajmachi Garden, Khandala
Mumbai-Pune Expressway from Rajmachi Garden, Khandala
Khandala is located in Maharashtra
Khandala
Khandala
Coordinates: 18°45′29″N 73°22′19″E / 18.758°N 73.372°ECoordinates: 18°45′29″N 73°22′19″E / 18.758°N 73.372°E
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
DistrictPune
Elevation
550 m (1,800 ft)
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Websitehttp://www.khandala.com

Khandala is a hill station in the Western Ghats in the state of Maharashtra, India, about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Lonavala, 12 kilometres from Khopoli and 33.4 kilometres (20.8 mi) from Karjat.

Khandala is located at one (top) end the Bhor Ghat, a major ghat (meaning valley in Marathi) on the road link between the Deccan Plateau and the Konkan plain. The ghat carries an extensive amount of road and rail traffic. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway, the main link between the major cities of Mumbai and Pune, passes through Khandala.

Due to the ease of accessibility from nearby cities, Khandala is a common area for hiking. One destination is the nearby peak of Duke's Nose, which offers a panoramic view of Khandala and the Bhor Ghat.

The route near Khandala sunset point and khopoli has been there since centuries used to connect the coastal cities like Sopara to Pune. The transport from base of khopoli was by carts both hand pulled and horse drawn, which was tarred during British time somewhere in 1840.

The railway route from Karjat to Pune was started under the guidance of Great Indian Peninsula Railway Chief Engineer 1849–1862: James Berkley (surveyor and route designer). The chief Engineer had a bungalow near the current day st Xaviers Villa in Khandala facing towards Duke's nose hill, The construction of the Khandala tunnel was a herculean job as the tunnel had to be bored through basalt. There were four bouts of cholera in Khandala during the construction of the Tunnels and Khandala Railway station, Which is well documented by the paper published by sir James Berkley.

The another notable place of visit is the Ancient Jail which was built in 1896, in which founders of St Xaviers college were jailed as POWs by the British masters.

Places of interest

Tiger's Leap: It is one of the most fascinating places in this area. If someone carefully observes the valley from this point, it will appear as if a tiger is leaping into the valley.

Amrutanjan Point: Amrutanjan point is yet another point located high up in Khandala. It provides excellent view of the places nearby. The point is a well suited location for an enormous sight of the valley as well as the Duke's Nose.

Duke's Nose: Duke's Nose, also known as 'Nagfani' (मराठी: नागफणी) meaning Cobra Head is named after Duke of Wellington, who had a pointed nose resembling the cliff. A very popular place for trekking, valley crossing, rock climbing & rappelling. It is a 2506 ft. tall straight cliff which every rock climber aspires to conquer. One needs to trek from southern side to reach at the base station from where one is supposed to climb the actual 300 ft. high rock to the summit. One has to make a dangerous traverse of 1000 ft. to reach at the base station. This is a bolted multi-pitch climb consisting of 4 stations. The most challenging part of the climb is between 3rd & 4th station which is a 25 feet overhang (rock wall inclined beyond 90 degrees) where one can climb only with the support of hands & no possibility of foothold. It is strongly advised that the activity is not to be undertaken without expert monitoring & guidance. The co-ordinates of the location:

18°44'30"N 73°21'32"E

Karla and Bhaja Cave: Karla and Bhaja Caves are historical rock cut caves, situated at a distance of 16 km from Khandala. Karla Caves are the ancient Buddhist caves. Bhaja Caves are similar to Karla Caves but are on a much smaller scale. This caves are also in Chaitya style.

Bhushi Lake: Bhushi Lake situated in Khandala is the ideal spot for all those who wish to relax in the lap of Mother Nature. Its serene and tranquil surroundings and crystal clear water provides immense opportunities for the tourists to rest in peace.[1]

Gallery

The date on which Jail was built

The tablet on the wall of that jail

Khandala-5

Khandala on Western Ghat

Dukesnose3

Khandala can be seen in the background

Dukesnose2

Image from Dukes nose Pali side

Dukesnose1

A view from Dukes nose

Dukesnose

Dukes nose

Khandala-6

Khandala Valley

Khandala-7

Mumbai-Pune rail link passing through the valley

Tombstone of Jesuits German Priests 01

Tombstone of Jesuits German Priests

Khandala Reversing Station

Khandala reversing station as seen from Monkey hill

GIPR Sleeper at khandala

GIPR sleeper, the one laid by James Berkley and his team

In popular culture

The town was mentioned in a popular song from the Hindi film Ghulam named "Aati kya Khandala?" ("Will you come to Khandala?"). Ashok Kumar's character in the 1975 classic Chhoti Si Baat is a retired army Colonel that lives in Khandala.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://expertbulletin.com/khandala-maharashtra/

External links

Bhor Ghat

Bhor Ghat or Bor Ghat, Bhore Ghaut, is a mountain passage located between Palasdari and Khandala for railway and between Khopoli and Khandala on the road route in Maharashtra, India, situated on the crest of the Western Ghats.

Bhushi Dam

The Bhushi Dam is a masonry dam on the Indrayani River in Lonavala, Maharashtra, India. In 2014, the Indian Railways announced plans to develop Bhushi Dam as a tourist resort with participation from the private sector.

Chikki

Chikki is a traditional Indian sweet (brittle) generally made from peanuts and jaggery. There are several different varieties of chikki in addition to the most common groundnut (peanut) chikki. Each variety of chikki is named depending upon the ingredients used, which include puffed or roasted Bengal gram, sesame, puffed rice, beaten rice, or Khobara (desiccated coconut).

In regions of North India, especially Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, this sweet is called Layiya Patti. In Sindh and Sindhi regions of India, it is called Layee or Lai and in Bangladesh, it is known as gur badam. Similar dishes are also very popular in Brazil, where it is known as pé-de-moleque, and in Paraguay, where it is called Ka'í Ladrillo.

Khandala, Satara

Khandala is a taluka in the Satara district in Maharashtra, India. The Nira River passes through the region.

Khandala Taluka is situated on the northern side of Satara district. Khandala, Shirwal and Lonand are large towns in the taluka. Khandala got separated from Wai Taluka along with Mahabaleshwar for easier administration. The Nira River flows from the northern border of the taluka. "VEER" is the largest dam on the Nira River in Khandala. The southern border is covered with "MAHADEVACHE DONGAR", meaning Mahadev Hills.

Khandala railway station

Khandala station is local station for Khandala town, a twin hill stations of Lonavla - Khandala, in Pune district in state of Maharashtra in India.

It is the very next station (towards Pune) to Lonavla from where Pune Suburban Service starts.

Khandala Ghat starts after this station towards Mumbai.

Korigad

Korigad (also called Koraigad, Koarigad or Kumwarigad) is a hill fort located about 20 km (12 mi) south of Lonavla in Pune district, Maharashtra, India. Its date of construction is not known but likely predates 1500. It is about 923 m above sea level. The planned township of Aamby Valley is built over the fort's southern and eastern foothills. The closest village is Peth Shahpur, about 1 km (0.62 mi) north of the fort.

Kune Falls

The Kune Falls is a waterfall at Lonavla in Pune district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the 14th highest waterfall in India.

Lohagad

Lohagad (iron fort) is one of the many hill forts of Maharashtra state in India. Situated close to the hill station Lonavala and 52 km (32 mi) northwest of Pune, Lohagad rises to an elevation of 1,033 m (3,389 ft) above sea level. The fort is connected to the neighboring Visapur fort by a small range. The fort was under the Maratha empire for the majority of the time, with a short period of 5 years under the Mughal empire.

Lonavala railway station

Lonavala station or Lonavala railway station is a train station in Lonavla town, a hill station in the state of Maharashtra in India. Lonavala station is the origin of Lonavala – Pune Suburban Trains. 17 suburban trains operate on the Pune – Lonavala route. Lonavla is also a halt for Mumbai – Pune Express and Mail trains. The Karjat – Pune passenger train also has a halt at Lonavala. Trains traveling on the Kalyan – Pune route also halt at Lonavala. This station leads access to Lonavala town and nearby areas like Karla Caves, Bhaja Caves, Lohagad, Visapur Fort, Bhushi Dam and Bor Ghat (Khandala Ghat). Khandala hill station is just 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Lonavla.

Lonavla

Lonavala or Lonavla (Marathi: लोणावळा [loˈɳaʋəɭa] (listen)) is a town and a hill station Municipal Council in Pune district in the Indian State of Maharashtra. It is about 64 kilometres (40 mi) west of modern-day Pune city and 96 kilometres (60 mi) from the city of Mumbai. It is known for its production of the hard candy chikki and is also a major stop on the railway line connecting Mumbai and Pune. From the Pune suburbs, local trains are available from Pune Junction. Both the Mumbai-Pune Expressway as well as the Mumbai-Chennai highway pass through Lonavala.

Lonavala is also home to INS Shivaji (formerly HMIS Shivaji) which is the Indian Navy's Premier Technical Training Institute. The house of Trivandrum based Asianet TV channel's hit Realty show Bigg Boss Malayalam 1 is set up within an unknown estate in Lonavla.

Malavli

Malavli (Marathi: मळवली) is a town and a hill station in Pune district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is about 55 km away from the city of Pune, 139 km away from the city Mumbai and 39 km from Chinchwad. It is a major stop on the rail line connecting Mumbai and Pune. For Mumbai suburbs local trains are available from Karjat. It is also an important town in order of Lonavla Khandala Malavli on the Mumbai-Pune road link. Both the Mumbai-Pune Expressway as well as the Mumbai-Pune highway pass through Malavli,Lonavla. The population of Lonavla is around 10,000 as of 2010.

Mrugagad

Mrugagad fort is a hill fort in Sudhagad taluka of Raigad district, Maharashtra, India. At a height of 1750 metres, the fort lies near falyan village, and is made of stone.The fort is very small in size and is in a form of spur radiating from the Western ghats. The fort is very close to the Lonavala, Khandala and Khopoli.

Mumbai Pune Expressway

The Pune Mumbai Expressway is India's first six-lane concrete, high-speed, access controlled tolled expressway. It spans a distance of 94.5 km connecting Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra state and the financial capital of India, with Pune, the cultural capital of Maharashtra and an industrial and educational hub. The expressway, which was fully operationalized in 2002, introduced new levels of speed and safety in automobile transportation to Indian roads. It is one of India's busiest roads.The expressway has reduced the travel time from Mankhurd where Mumbai city ends to Pune to about two hours. It has supplemented the older Pune - Mumbai National Highway (NH 4; since renumbered to 48) which had become extremely congested and accident-prone. The expressway starts at Kalamboli (just before Panvel) and ends at Kiwale (just before Pune). It cleaves through the scenic Sahyadri mountain ranges through passes and tunnels. It has six interchanges: Shedung, Chowk, Khalapur, Lonavala, Kusgaon and Talegaon.

The expressway has two carriageways, each with three concrete lanes, separated by a central divider and a tarmac or concrete shoulder on either side. Vehicles with fewer than four wheels and agricultural tractors are not permitted, although tractor-trailers (semi-trailer rigs) are permitted. Vehicles are also prohibited from halting on the expressway. The expressway handles about 43,000 PCUs daily, and is designed to handle up to 1,000,000 PCUs. This road has improved transport between these two metro cities.

The expressway is not part of NHAI highway network (NH 4 Mumbai Chennai or NH 48 new numbering) and has been built, operated and maintained wholly by the Government of Maharashtra via Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation. NH 4/48(new) is another separate national highway that connects Mumbai to Pune.

Nira River

Nira is a river flowing through the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is a tributary of Bhima river and flows through Pune and Solapur districts of Maharashtra. Karha is a tributary of Nira.

This river flows from Shirwal(taluka khandala), Satara District to Pune District and then meets Bhima Basin at Nira Narsingpur near Akluj. Then flows with Bhima water to Solapur District. The Nira river joins the Bhima between Nira Narsingpur in Pune District and Malshiras Taluka in Solapur district. The dams built on Nira river are Devdhar dam and Veer dam in Satara and pune District.

Rajmachi

Rajmachi Fort (Killa) is one of the many historical forts in the rugged hills of Sahyadri mountains (Western Ghats). It consists of two twin fortresses Shriwardhan Ballekilla and Manaranjan Balekilla, with a wide machi (plateau) surrounding the two Balekillas. Udhewadi is a small village of about 22 houses situated on the machi, at the southern foot of Manaranjan Balekilla of Rajmachi Fort.

Sudhagad

Sudhagad / Bhorapgad is a hill fort situated in Maharashtra, India. It lies about 53 kilometres (33 mi) west of Pune, 26 kilometres (16 mi) south of Lonavla and 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) east of Pali in Raigad District. The summit is 620 metres (2,030 ft) above sea level. Recently the entire area around the fort is declared as Sudhagad Wildlife Sanctuary.

Tung Fort

Tung Fort (or Kathingad; difficult fort in Marathi) is a hill fort in Pune District, India.

Visapur Fort

Visapur Fort (also called Visapoor Fort) is a hill fort near Visapur village in Maharashtra, India. It is a part of the Lohagad-Visapur fortification.

Walwan Dam

Walwan Dam, (or Valvan Dam) is a gravity dam on the Indrayani river near Lonavla, Pune district in State of Maharashtra in India. It provides water to the nearby Khopoli Power Plant and to residents of Lonavla and Khandala and neighborhood villages .

Climate data for Khandala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
30
(86)
34
(93)
36
(97)
35
(95)
30
(86)
27
(81)
26
(79)
28
(82)
30
(86)
28
(82)
27
(81)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 11
(52)
13
(55)
16
(61)
20
(68)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
18
(64)
14
(57)
11
(52)
18
(64)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
15
(0.6)
36
(1.4)
900
(35.4)
1,115
(43.9)
1,007
(39.6)
124
(4.9)
89
(3.5)
25
(1.0)
5
(0.2)
3,325
(130.8)
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