Khanaqin (Arabic: خانقين; Kurdish: Xaneqîn خانه‌قین) is a city in Iraq in Iraq's Diyala Governorate, near the Iranian border on the Alwand tributary of the Diyala River. It is the administrative center of the Khanaqin District, which comprises several towns (such as As-Sadiyah and Jalula) as well as hundreds of villages. The city is divided into two parts by the Alwand, which has played a significant role in land cultivation and the establishment of a strong rural society in the area.


Arabic: 'خانقين

Kurdish: Xaneqîn
Alwand river and bridge
Alwand river and bridge
Khanaqin is located in Iraq
Khanaqin's location inside Iraq
Coordinates: 34°20′N 45°23′E / 34.333°N 45.383°ECoordinates: 34°20′N 45°23′E / 34.333°N 45.383°E
Country Iraq
GovernorateDiyala Governorate
602 ft (183 m)
 • Total150,000


The majority of the town's inhabitants are Shia Kalhor[2][3][4][5][6] Kurds. A sizable number of Turkmen live in the town. Small amounts of Shia Arabs are still left over from the Arabization policy of the Ba'athist regime; Khanaqin was subject to the Arabization policy of Ba'athist Iraq,[7] but this has been substantially reversed since the 2003 Invasion of Iraq.[8]

Higher education

There are two higher education centers in Khanaqin:


Khanaqin has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh).

Oil fields

The Naft Khana oil field is capable of producing up to 16,000 barrels per day (2,500 m3/d) of sweet light crude from an oil reserve that is also being tapped by Iran in Naft Shahr. Repairs to the oil plant were completed in March 2006 which restored it to its pre-war condition. The main elements affected were the gas-oil separation facility and the wet crude facility (which separates oil from water). Trucks currently transport oil to the Al Daura refinery in Baghdad. A 20,000-barrel-per-day (3,200 m3/d) oil refinery has been approved for construction in Khanaqin and oil from Naft Khana will be sent there when it is complete. During the 1970s the intensive Arabization and deportation policy of the Iraqi regime led Arabs to settle in this oil-rich city. Due to this policy, all Kurdish refinery workers and, at that time and place, their only Kurdish Engineer (Mr. Sheik Kader Sheik Rahem Talabani) were deported to the West of Iraq.

Notable people


  1. ^ "IRAQ City & Town Population Geography Population Map cities coordinates location". 6 Feb 2011. Retrieved 6 Feb 2009.
  2. ^ دائرةالمعارف بزرگ اسلامی، جلد دهم، تهران ۱۳۸۰، ص. ۵۴۸–۵۴۹
  3. ^ کرد و پراکندگی او در گستره ایران زمین - ح. بهتویی - ۱۳۷۷ - تهران.
  4. ^ "Kurdish, Southern".
  5. ^ Rüdiger Schmitt: Die iranischen Sprachen in Gegenwart und Geschichte. Wiesbaden (Reichert) 2000,.
  6. ^ Rüdiger Schmitt (Hg.): Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum. Wiesbaden (Reichert) 1989,
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Khanaqin, once known as 'city of tolerance,' still open to Arab refugees".
  9. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Khanaqin, Iraq". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  10. ^ "Leyla Qasim: Bride of Kurdistan - Peace and Collaborative Development Network". 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2019-05-12.

KurdishGlobe article.

2005 Khanaqin bombings

2005 Khanaqin bombings were suicide attacks on two Shia mosques in Khanaqin, Iraq (near the Iranian border), on November 18, 2005.

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The Alwand River runs through Khanaqin District before joining the Diyala River.

The district population was estimated to be 175,000 in 2003. The population of the Judicial Center increased from 20,000 in 2003 to more than 160,000 in 2011-2010 Because of the stability of the security situation.The population of the region in 2017 is estimated at more than 300,000 ( The center of the district ) people and in the judiciary much more than 420,000 people and the district is more than 30% of the province of Diyala

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Climate data for Khanaqin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 15
Average low °C (°F) 4
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48
Source: Weatherbase [9]
Districts of Iraq and their capitals
al-Anbar Governorate
Babil Governorate
Baghdad Governorate
Basra Governorate
Dhi Qar Governorate
Diyala Governorate
Dohuk Governorate
Erbil Governorate
Halabja Governorate
Karbala Governorate
Kirkuk Governorate
Maysan Governorate
Muthanna Governorate
Najaf Governorate
Nineveh Governorate
al-Qādisiyyah Governorate
Saladin Governorate
Sulaymaniyah Governorate
Wasit Governorate


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